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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Territorial autonomy is a defined part of the state's territory that is authorized to govern itself, manage certain matters handed over to its competence. Typically authorized for an internal cultural identity (by ethnic, religious, linguistic, geographical exclusivity) and its social and economic regulations (legislative, administrative and political structures of self-government).

The table below list of autonomous territories.

Autonomous Territories State Autonomy Note
 Abkhazia
autonomous republic / republic
 Georgia De facto independent country, inside the de jure territory of Georgia the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, diplomatically recognized only by Russia and Nicaragua.
Aceh
special province
 Indonesia The autonomous status was confirmed in 2005 following the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the Indonesian Government and the rebel Free Aceh Movement (GAM). Aceh is the only region in Indonesia where local political parties are permitted to operate.
 Adjara
autonomous republic
 Georgia
 Adygea
republic
 Russia may be joint with "oblast" in 2008-2010
 Åland
autonomous province
 Finland
 Altai
republic
 Russia may be joint with "oblast" in 2008-2010
 American Samoa
unorganized, unincorporated territory
 United States
 Andalusia
autonomous community
 Spain
 Anguilla
autonomous community
 United Kingdom
 Aosta Valley
autonomous region
 Italy
 Aruba
autonomous region
Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands
Azad Kashmir Azad Jammu and Kashmir
self-governing state
 Pakistan Azad-Jammu and Kashmir is a de facto independent state part of the former Kashmir and Jammu within the de jure territory of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states.
Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte
autonomous region
 Nicaragua
Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur
autonomous region
 Nicaragua
 Azores
autonomous region
 Portugal
 Balearic Islands
autonomous community
 Spain
Barbuda
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Bashkortostan
republic
 Russia
 Basque Country
autonomous community
 Spain
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Bougainville
autonomous region
 Papua New Guinea
 Bermuda
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 British Virgin Islands
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Buryatia
republic
 Russia may be joint with "oblast" in 2008-2010
 Canary Islands
autonomous community
 Spain
 Catalonia
autonomous community
 Spain
 Cayman Islands
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Chechnya
republic
 Russia
Flag of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
autonomous okrug
 Russia
 Chuvashia
republic
 Russia
 Cook Islands
free association with New Zealand
 New Zealand
 Corsica
territorial collectivity
 France
 Crimea
autonomous republic
 Ukraine
 Dagestan
republic
 Russia
 Easter Island
special territory
 Chile new status from 06 June 2007
 Falkland Islands
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Faroe Islands
autonomous region
 Denmark
 French Polynesia
overseas collectivity
 France has designation of "overseas country" from 27 February 2004
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
autonomous region
 Italy
 Gagauzia
autonomous territorial unit
 Moldova
 Galicia
autonomous community
 Spain
 Gibraltar
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
Gilgit-Baltistan
autonomous region
 Pakistan The Government of Pakistan views the Gilgit-Baltistan as a de-facto Dependent territory of Pakistan and integral part of the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir... claimed by India? and does not consider it to be within its sovereign territory.
 Greenland
autonomous region
 Denmark
 Guam
organized, unincorporated territory
 United States
Guangxi
autonomous region
 China
 Guernsey
Crown dependency
 United Kingdom
 Hong Kong
special administrative region
 China
Inner Mongolia
autonomous region
 China
 Ingushetia
republic
 Russia
 Iraqi Kurdistan
autonomous region
 Iraq
 Isle of Man
Crown dependency
 United Kingdom
 Jammu and Kashmir
state with special status
India Republic of India Autonomy by virtue of Article 370 of the Constitution of India, that includes Pakistan occupied Kashmir and China occupied Kashmir as it is part of the greater disputed territory of Kashmir... claimed by India? and is not considered part of its sovereign territory, recognised by the UN, Kashmiris the other parties include Pakistan, PRC and the International community.
Jeju-do
special self-governing province
 South Korea
 Jersey
Crown dependency
 United Kingdom
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
autonomous oblast
 Russia
 Kabardino-Balkaria
republic
 Russia
 Kalmykia
republic
 Russia may be joint with "oblast" in 2008-2010
 Karachay-Cherkessia
republic
 Russia
 Karakalpakstan
republic
 Uzbekistan
 Karelia
republic
 Russia
 Khakassia
republic
 Russia
Tajikistan Kohistan-Badakhshan
autonomous province
 Tajikistan
 Komi
republic
 Russia
Kuna Yala
comarca
 Panama
 Macau
special administrative region
 China
 Madeira
autonomous region
 Portugal
 Mari El
republic
 Russia
 Mayotte
overseas collectivity
 France has designation of "departmental collectivity" since 28 March 2003
 Montserrat
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Mordovia
republic
 Russia
Byzantine Empire Mount Athos (Holy Mountain)
autonomous Monastic state
 Greece distinct territorial autonomy
Muslim Mindanao
autonomous region
 Philippines
Azerbaijan Nakhchivan
autonomous republic
 Azerbaijan
 Netherlands Antilles
autonomous region
Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands The Netherlands Antilles will be dissolved on 10 October 2010.  Curaçao and  Sint Maarten will become autonomous regions in their own right.  Bonaire,  Saba and  Sint Eustatius will become special municipalities of the Netherlands.
New Caledonia New Caledonia
sui generis collectivity (overseas territory)
 France
Ningxia
autonomous region
 China
 Niue
free association with New Zealand
 New Zealand
 Norfolk Island
external territory
 Australia
 North Ossetia-Alania
republic
 Russia
Northern Ireland
province
 United Kingdom Devolution under the Good Friday Agreement which established the Northern Ireland Executive and Northern Ireland Assembly.
 Northern Mariana Islands
organized, unincorporated territory
 United States Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.
Nunavut
territory
 Canada
East Timor Oecussi-Ambeno
special administrative region
 Timor-Leste
 Palestinian Authority
status to be determined autonomous administrative entity established under Oslo Accords
Papua
autonomous province
 Indonesia
 Pitcairn Islands
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
São Tomé and Príncipe Príncipe
autonomous region
 São Tomé and Príncipe
 Puerto Rico
organized, unincorporated territory
 United States territory of the U.S. with Commonwealth status
 Rodrigues
island region
 Mauritius
 Saint Barthelemy
overseas collectivity
 France
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Saint Martin
overseas collectivity
 France
 Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
overseas collectivity
 France has designation of "territorial collectivity" since 28 March 2003
 Sakha
republic
 Russia
 San Andrés y Providencia
special department
 Colombia
 Sardinia
autonomous region
 Italy
 Scotland
 United Kingdom Devolution under the Scotland Act 1998 which established a Scottish Government and Scottish Parliament.
 Sicily
autonomous region
 Italy
 Southern Sudan
autonomous region
 Sudan An autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the second Sudanese civil war.
 Tatarstan
republic
 Russia
Tibet Autonomous Region
autonomous region
 China
Trinidad and Tobago Tobago
island
 Trinidad and Tobago The Tobago House of Assembly was established in 1980 together with the post of Chief Secretary of Tobago.
 Tokelau
territory
 New Zealand
 Transnistria
territorial unit / republic
 Moldova De facto independent country, inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Moldova (the Territorial Unit of Transnistria), diplomatically recognized by no UN member states.
 Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
autonomous region
 Italy The region is divided into the autonomous provinces of Bolzano-Bozen and Trento
 Turks and Caicos Islands
overseas territory
 United Kingdom
 Tuva
republic
 Russia
 Udmurtia
republic
 Russia
 Virgin Islands, U.S.
organized, unincorporated territory
 United States
 Wales
country
 United Kingdom Devolution under the Government of Wales Act 1998 and 2006 which established a Welsh Assembly Government and the National Assembly for Wales.
 Wallis and Futuna
overseas collectivity
 France
West Papua
special province
 Indonesia
Xinjiang (Sinkiang)
autonomous region
 China
 Zanzibar
revolutionary government
 Tanzania

Self-proclaimed or de facto autonomous territories

Autonomous Territories State Note
Beni
department
 Bolivia Beni department proclaimed autonomy within Bolivia in 2008. The Bolivian Government has not recognized this act.
Somalia Galmudug
self-proclaimed autonomous state
 Somalia Galmudug State proclaimed autonomy within Somalia in 2006. The Somali Transitional federal Government has not recognized this act.
 Kosovo in dispute, claimed by Serbia De facto independent state with recognition by a number of UN member states. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Previously administered by a United Nations mission (UNMIK) and entered into the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) during this period.
 Nagorno-Karabakh
republic
 Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states.
 Northern Cyprus
republic
 Cyprus De facto independent country, inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Cyprus, diplomatically recognized only by Turkey.
Pando
autonomous department
 Bolivia Pando department proclaimed autonomy within Bolivia in June 2008. The Bolivian Government has not recognized this act.
 Puntland
autonomous state
 Somalia
Santa Cruz
autonomous department
 Bolivia Santa Cruz department proclaimed autonomy within Bolivia in May 2008. The Bolivian Government has not recognized this act.
 Somaliland
republic
 Somalia De facto independent country inside the de jure territory of the Somali Republic, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states.
 South Ossetia
provisional administration / republic
 Georgia De facto independent country inside the de jure territory of Georgia (the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia), diplomatically recognized only by Russia and Nicaragua.
Tarija
department
 Bolivia Tarija department proclaimed autonomy within Bolivia in 2008. The Bolivian Government has not recognized this act.

Notes

See also

External links

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