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List of town tramway systems in Africa: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of African cities and towns that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. Other geographic regions:

Sources, references and external links:

See also: List of light-rail transit systems, List of rapid transit systems, List of trolleybus systems.

Contents

Algeria

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Tramway d'Alger el-Jazair ولاية الجزائ /Algiers Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 12 Oct 1896 Dec 1959 (?) rebuilding of 30 km (line 1) ongoing, (partial)opening planned for 2009  
  Annaba عنّاب Steam  ?  ?  
  Biskra بسكرة Horse  ?  ?  
  Blida البليدة Steam  ?  ?  
  Miliana مليانا Steam  ?  ?  
  Wahran وهران /Oran Electric 1898 195_ rebuilding of line 1 will start in 2008/09
  Ouargla ورقلة Horse  ?  ?  
  Sétif ولاية سطيف Horse  ?  ?  
  Touggourt توغرة Horse  ?  ?  

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Boma Steam 4 Mar 1890 ca. 1900  

Egypt

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  el-Iskandariya الإسكندرية /Alexandria - Urban system Horse 1860 1902?  
Electric 1902    See Alexandria Tram
  Ramleh (suburban) system Horse 1869  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric Dec 1903  
  el-Qāhirah القاهرة‎ /Cairo Electric 12 Aug 1896 Operating (?)  See Cairo Metro & Transport in Cairo
  Miṣr el-ǧidīdah مصر الجديدة /Heliopolis Electric Cairo system extended to serve Heliopolis ca. 1906. Express tramway between Cairo main station and Heliopolis opened 11 Jul 1910.
  Hulwan /Helwan Electric 19 Feb 1981 Operating (?)  
  Būr Saʻīd بور سعيد /Port Said Horse  ? 1929  

Eritrea

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Massawa Steam  ?  ?  

Ghana

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Accra Steam 1906 1941  

Libya

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Banġāzī بنغازي /Benghazi Horse  ?  ?  

Madagascar

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Antananarivo (Steam)     Construction started after 1921, not completed.
  Toamasina Horse  ?  ?  

Malta

See List of town tramway systems in Europe. Malta is geographically part of Africa, but has long been considered geopolitically as part of Europe (see Transcontinental country).

Morocco

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Marrākiš مراكش /Marrakech Steam  ?  ?  
  ar-Ribāṭ الرباط /Rabat Steam  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  

Mozambique

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Maputo Electric Feb 1904 30 Nov 1936  

Nigeria

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Lagos Steam 23 May 1902 31 Dec 1913  

Sierra Leone

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Freetown Steam  ?  ?  

South Africa

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Cape Town - Urban Horse 1 May 1863  ?  
Electric 6 Aug 1896 28 Jan 1939  
  ♦ Suburban tramway Electric Nov 1901 17 Feb 1930 Sea Point - Camps Bay - Burnside Road
  Durban Horse 1881  ?  
Electric 1 May 1902 1 Aug 1949  
  Isipingo Horse 1905 191_ Closed during World War I.
  East London Electric 25 Jan 1900 25 Oct 1935  
  Johannesburg Horse 2 Feb 1891  ?  
Electric 14 Feb 1906 18 Mar 1961  
  Kimberley Mule 1887  ?  
Steam 1900  ?  
Electric 1906 1947 Heritage tram opened in 1985.  
  Pietermaritzburg Electric 2 Nov 1904 Dec 1936  
  Port Elizabeth Horse 1881  ?  
Electric 16 Jun 1897 16 Dec 1948  
  Pretoria Horse 1897  ?  
Electric 1910 19 Aug 1939  

Spain (Islas Canarias / Canary Islands)

See List of town tramway systems in Spain.

Sudan

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  al-Ḫarṭūm الخرطوم /Khartoum Steam 1904  ?  
Electric 16 Jan 1928 Feb 1962  

Tanzania

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Zanzibar Animal 1907  ? Domesticated zebras used at opening.
Steam 1911 1928  

Tunisia

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Manzil Bourgueeba منزل بورقيبة /Menzel Bourguiba Steam  ?  ?  
  Tūnis تونس /Tunis Horse 1885  ?  
Electric 1900

15 Sep 1985

20 Apr 1960

-

New light-rail (LRT) system (Métro léger de Tunis) opened 15 Sep 1985.

Zimbabwe

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Mutare Horse 22 Aug 1901 by 1920  
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