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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of weather records, a list of the most extreme occurrences of weather phenomena for various categories. Each of these is understood to be the record value officially observed, as these records may have been exceeded before modern weather instrumentation was invented, or in remote areas without an official weather station.

Contents

Temperature

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Heat

Highest temperature ever recorded

Temperature Location Date
Africa/On Earth 57.8 °C (136 °F) Al 'Aziziyah, Libya 1922-09-13[1]
South Africa 51.7 °C (125.1 °F) Kalahari near Upington, South Africa 1948[2]
North America 56.7 °C (134 °F) Death Valley, California, USA 1913-07-10[1] [3]
Mexico 50 °C (122 °F) Mexicali, Baja California
Canada 45 °C (113 °F) Midale and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 1937-07-05[4]
Asia 53.9 °C (129 °F) Tirat Tsvi, Israel 1942-06-21[1]
Pakistan 52 °C (125 °F) Sibi, Baluchistan 2004-07-13[5]
Saudi Arabia 51.1 °C (124 °F) Dhahran 1956-08[6]
Turkey 48.8 °C (119.8°F) Mardin 1993-08-14[7]
India 50.6 °C (123.1 °F) Alwar, Rajasthan 1956-05-10[8]
Japan 40.9 °C (105.6 °F) Kumagaya, Saitama / Tajimi, Gifu 2007-08-16 / 2007-08-16[9]
Malaysia 40.1 °C (104.2 °F) Chuping 1998-04-09[10]
Singapore 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) Singapore 1998-03-26[10]
Oceania 50.7 °C (123 °F) Oodnadatta, South Australia, Australia 1960-01-02[1][11]
New Zealand 42.4 °C (108.3 °F) Rangiora
Jordan, Marlborough
1973-02-07[12]
Europe 48.0 °C (118.4 °F) Athens, Greece 1977-07-10[13]
Austria 39.7 °C (103.5 °F) Dellach im Drautal 1983-07-27[14]
Belarus 38.0 °C(100.4 °F) Vassilyevichy, Homiel Voblast 1946-08-20[15]
Belgium 38.8 °C (102 °F) Uccle 1947-06-27
Bulgaria 45.2 °C (113.3 °F) Sadovo, Plovdiv Province 1916-08-05[16]
Croatia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Ploče 1998-08-05[17]
Czech Republic 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) Prague-Uhříněves 1983-07-27[18]
Denmark 36.4 °C (97.5 °F) Holstebro, Midtjylland 1975-08-10[19]
Estonia 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) Võru 1992-08-11[20]
Finland 35.9 °C (96.6 °F) Turku 1914-07-09 [21]
France 43.4 °C (110.1 °F) Sartène 2009-07-23[22]
Germany 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) Gärmersdorf bei Amberg / Karlsruhe & Freiburg 1983-07-27 / 2003-08-13 [23]
Hungary 41.9 °C (107.4 °F) Kiskunhalas 2007-07-08[24]
Iceland 30.5 °C (86.9 °F) Teigarhorn, Djúpivogur 1939-06-22[25][26]
Ireland 33.3 °C (91.9 °F) Kilkenny Castle, County Kilkenny 1887-06-26[27]
Italy 47.0 °C (116.6 °F) Perdasdefogu, Sardinia 1983-07-28[28]
Lithuania 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) Zarasai, Utena County 1994-07-30[29]
Macedonia 44.8 ° C(112.6 °F) Demir Kapija, Demir Kapija Municipality 2000-07-05[30]
Moldova 41.5 ° C(106.7 °F) Camenca, Camenca sub-district 2007-07-21[31]
Netherlands 38.6 °C (102 °F) Warnsveld 1944-08-23[32]
Norway 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) Nesbyen, Buskerud 1970-06-20[33]
Poland 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) Prószków 1921-07-29[34]
Portugal 47.4 °C (117.3 °F) Amareleja, Beja 2003-08-01[35]
Romania 44.5 °C (112.1 °F) Ion Sion, Brăila County 1951-08-10[36]
Serbia 44.9 °C (112.8 °F) Smederevska Palanka, Podunavlje District 2007-07-24[37]
Slovakia 40.3 °C (104.5 °F) Hurbanovo 2007-07-20[38]
Slovenia 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) Črnomelj 1950-07-05[39]
Spain 47.2 °C (116.9 °F) Murcia 1994-07-04[40]
Sweden 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) Ultuna, Uppsala County / Målilla, Kalmar County 1933-07-09 / 1947-06-29[41]
Switzerland 41.5 °C (106.7 °F) Grono, Locarno 2003-08-11[42]
United Kingdom 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) Faversham, Kent 2003-08-10[43]
South America 49.1 °C (120.4 °F) Villa de María, Argentina 1920-01-02[44][1]
Antarctica 14.6 °C (59 °F) Vanda Station, Scott Coast 1974-01-05[1]
South Pole −13.6 °C (7.5 °F) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station 1978-12-27[45]
There are a few reports of temperatures higher than this during phenomena known as heat bursts, including a report of an incredible 87 °C (188 °F) in Abadan, Iran in June 1967. These temperatures have never been confirmed, and are not recognized as world records.[46]
On 16 January 1889, a temperature of 53 °C (128 °F) was recorded at Cloncurry, Queensland. It was measured with a non-standard thermometer, so it is unknown if this reading was valid or not.[1]

Other warm records

Cold

Lowest temperatures ever recorded

Temperature Location Date
Antarctica / On Earth −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) Vostok Station 1983-07-21[48][3][1]
East Antarctica −82.5 °C (−116.5 °F) Dome A July 2005 [49]
South Pole −82.8 °C (−116.5 °F) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station [50]
Asia −68 °C (−90 °F) Verkhoyansk and
Oymyakon, both in Sakha Republic, Russia
1892-02-07
1933-02-06[1]
China −52.3 °C (-62.14 °F) Mohe County 1969-02-13[51]
India −33.9 °C (-27.4 °F) Ladakh 1911-03-22[8]
Japan −41.0 °C (-41.8 °F) Asahikawa, Hokkaidō 1902-01-25[9]
Singapore 19.4 °C (66.9 °F) Singapore 1934-01-31[10]
Turkey −46.4 °C (−51.5 °F) Van 1990-01-09[7]
North America −66 °C (−87 °F) North Ice, Greenland 1954-01-09[1]
Canada −63 °C (−81 °F) Snag, Yukon Territory, Canada 1947-02-03[3][1]
United States −62 °C (−80 °F) Prospect Creek, Alaska 1971-01-23[52]
Mexico −32 °C (−25.6 °F) Santa Barbara, Durango 1999 [53]
Contiguous United States −56.5 °C (−70 °F) Rogers Pass, Montana 1954-01-20[54]
Europe −58.1 °C (−72.6°F) Ust' Shchugor, Russia 1978-12-31[13]
Austria −37.4 °C (−38.6 °F) Sonnblick 1905-01-01[55]
Belarus −42.2 °C (−44.0 °F) Slavnom, Vitsebsk Voblast 1940-01-17[15]
Belgium −30.1 °C (−22 °F) Valley of the Lesse in Rochefort 1940-01-20 [56]
Bulgaria −38.3 °C (−37 °F) Thrun 1947-01-25[16]
Croatia −35.5 °C (−31.5 °F) Čakovec 1929-02-03[17]
Czech Republic −42.2 °C (−44.0 °F) Litvínovice 1929-02-11[18]
Denmark −31.2 °C (−24.2 °F) Thisted Municipality, North Denmark Region 1982-01-08[19]
Estonia −43.5 °C (−46.0 °F) Jõgeva, Jõgeva County 1940-01-17[20]
Finland −51.5 °C (−60.7 °F) Kittilä, Lapland 1999-01-28[57]
France −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) Mouthe, Doubs 1985-01-17[58]
Germany −45.9 °C (−50,6 °F) Funtensee, Bavaria 2001-12-24[59][60]
Hungary −35.0 °C (−31.0 °F) Miskolc 1940-02-16[24]
Iceland −37.9 °C (−36.2 °F) Grímsstadir January 1918[25]
Ireland −19.1 °C (−2.4 °F) Markree Castle, County Sligo 1881-01-16[27]
Italy −34.6 °C (−30.3 °F) Plateau Rosa, Aosta Valley 1971-03-06[28]
Lithuania −42.9 °C(−45.2 °F) Utena, Utena County 1956-02-01[29]
Macedonia −31.5 °C(−24.7 °F) Berovo, Berovo Municipality 1954-01-27[30]
Netherlands −27.4 °C (−17.3 °F) Winterswijk 1944-01-27[61]
Norway −51.4 °C (−60.5 °F) Karasjok, Finnmark 1886-01-01[33]
Poland −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) Siedlce, Masovian Voivodeship 1940-01-11[36]
Portugal −16.0 °C (3.2 °F) Penhas da Saúde 1954-02-04[62]
Romania −38.5 °C (−37.3 °F) Bod, Braşov County 1942-01-25[36]
Serbia −39.5 °C (−39.1 °F) Karajukica Bunari, Zlatibor District 1985-01-13[37]
Slovakia −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) Vigľaš-Pstruša 1929-02-11[63]
Slovenia −34.5 °C (−30.1 °F) Babno Polje 1956-02-15 / 1956-02-16 / 1968-01-13[39]
Spain −32.0 °C (−25.6 °F) Lake Estangento, Lérida 1956-02-02[40]
Sweden −52.6 °C (−62.7 °F) Vuoggatjålme, Norrbotten County 1966-02-02[41]
Switzerland −41.8 °C (−43.2 °F) La Brévine 1987-01-12[64]
United Kingdom −27.2 °C (−17.0 °F) Braemar, Grampian
Altnaharra
1895-02-11 and 1982-01-10
1995-12-30[43]
South America −39 °C (−38.2 °F) Valle de los Patos Superior, Argentina 1972-07-17[44]
Brazil −14 °C (6.8 °F) Caçador, Santa Catarina 1975[65]
Africa −24 °C (−11 °F) Ifrane, Morocco 1935-02-11[1]
Oceania −23 °C (−9.4 °F) Charlotte Pass, New South Wales, Australia 1994-06-29[66]
Hawaii −11.1 °C (12 °F) Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawaiʻi 1979-05-17[1]
Australia −23.0°C (−9.4 °F) Charlotte Pass, New South Wales 1994-06-29[66]
New Zealand −21.6°C (−6.88 °F) Ophir, Central Otago 1995-07-03[67]

Other cold records

Precipitation

Rain

Snow

Wind speed

Tornadoes

The Tri-State Tornado holds many records, including the longest known tornado track, fastest speed for a significant tornado, and the deadliest tornado outside of Bangladesh.

Deadliest in history

Outbreaks

  • Largest and most severe: The Super Outbreak: 148 tornadoes occurred in 16 hours from April 3 to April 4, 1974. They affected 13 US states and Ontario, Canada, and included 24 F4's and 6 F5's, more F5's than have been reported in any other year. There were also more significant tornadoes during that 24 hours than any other entire week on record.[3]

Tropical cyclones

Most intense (by minimum surface air pressure)

Other severe weather

A picture of the largest hailstone ever officially measured, almost 50 centimeters (19 inches) in circumference.

Hail

Lightning

Other categories

See also

References

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  2. ^ retrieved 31-Aug-2009
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Lyons, Walter A (1997). The Handy Weather Answer Book (2nd ed.). Detroit, Michigan: Visible Ink press. ISBN 0-7876-1034-8. 
  4. ^ [1] Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  5. ^ [2] Pakistan Meteorological Department
  6. ^ "Marine Technology 1970". Marine Technology Society. http://books.google.com/books?q=Aramco+Dhahran+highest+temperature. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  7. ^ a b http://www.dmi.gov.tr/genel/sss.aspx?s=sicaklikenleri2
  8. ^ a b Extreme Weather Events India Meteorological Department
  9. ^ a b "former National Rankings". Japan Meteorological Agency. http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/view/rankall.php. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  10. ^ a b c "General Climate Information". Malaysia Meterological Department. http://www.met.gov.my/english/education/climate/info.html. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
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  13. ^ a b [3]
  14. ^ wetterrekorde Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamic
  15. ^ a b Department of Hydrometeorology
  16. ^ a b Minister of Environment and Waters Republic of Bulgaria
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  19. ^ a b Vejrekstremer i Danmark DMI
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  21. ^ Ilmatieteen laitos - Sää ja ilmasto - Ilmastotilastot - Ilman lämpötila
  22. ^ Bulletin climatologique mensuel 2A Corse du Sud Juillet 2009 Higher temperatures have been measured in France by the official weather service (up to 44.1°C) but they may not have been measured under ideal conditions.
  23. ^ Wetter und Klima - Deutscher Wetterdienst - Wetter + Warnungen
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  25. ^ a b Einarsson, Markús. Climate of Iceland pg 683. Accessed 2009-04-29.
  26. ^ Heat Wave Hits Iceland, New Records Set Iceland Review 2008-07-31. Accessed 2009-04-29.
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  28. ^ a b SCIA
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  37. ^ a b TEMPERATURE REGIME IN SERBIA Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia
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  41. ^ a b Temperaturrekord. SMHI. Retrieved on 2009-12-19.
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  49. ^ http://www.aad.gov.au/weather/aws/dome-a/index.html Australian Antarctic Division
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  58. ^ a b c d e f -->
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  60. ^ "Minus 33,4 Grad am Funtensee in Bayern" (in German). Ad Hoc News. 2009-01-08. http://www.ad-hoc-news.de/minus-33-4-grad-am-funtensee-in-bayern--/de/Wetter/19965156. "[rough translation] Christmas 2001 was measured there with minus 45.9 °C the lowest temperature in Germany." 
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  63. ^ :: travel to SLOVAKIA
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