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List of world records in swimming: Wikis

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Michael Phelps holds the most world records in swimming with seven

The world records in swimming are ratified by the international governing body of swimming FINA. Records can be set in long course (50 metres) or short course (25 metres) swimming pools. FINA recognises world records in the following events for both men and women.[1]

The ratification process is described in FINA Rule SW12,[1] and involves submission of paperwork certifying the accuracy of the timing system and the length of the pool, satisfaction of FINA rules regarding swimwear and a negative doping test by the swimmer(s) involved. Records can be set at intermediate distances in an individual race and for the first leg of a relay race. Records which have not yet been fully ratified are marked with a '#' symbol in these lists.

Contents

Long course (50 m)

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Men

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle  20.91  Cielo , César César Cielo  Brazil 02009-12-18 18 December 2009 Open Tournament Brazil São Paulo, Brazil [2]
100 m freestyle  46.91  Cielo , César César Cielo  Brazil 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m freestyle  1:42.00  Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 02009-07-28 28 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
400 m freestyle  3:40.07  Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 02009-07-26 26 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
800 m freestyle  7:32.12  Zhang Lin  China 02009-07-29 29 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
1500 m freestyle  14:34.56  Hackett , Grant Grant Hackett  Australia 02001-07-29 29 July 2001 World Championships Japan Fukuoka, Japan [4]
50 m backstroke  24.04  Tancock , Liam Liam Tancock  Great Britain 02009-08-02 2 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
100 m backstroke  51.94  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol  United States 02009-07-08 8 July 2009 US Championships United States Indianapolis, United States [5]
200 m backstroke  1:51.92  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol  United States 02009-07-31 31 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
50 m breaststroke  26.67  van der Burgh , Cameron Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 02009-07-29 29 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
100 m breaststroke  58.58  Rickard , Brenton Brenton Rickard  Australia 02009-07-27 27 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m breaststroke  2:07.31  (sf)
Sprenger , Christian Christian Sprenger  Australia 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
50 m butterfly  22.43  Muñoz , Rafael Rafael Muñoz  Spain 02009-04-05 5 April 2009 Spanish Championships Spain Málaga, Spain [6]
100 m butterfly  49.82  Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 02009-08-01 1 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m butterfly  1:51.51  Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 02009-07-29 29 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m individual medley  1:54.10  Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte  United States 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
400 m individual medley  4:03.84  Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 02008-08-10 10 August 2008 Olympic Games People's Republic of China Beijing, China [7]
4×100 m freestyle relay  3:08.24 
 (47.51)
Michael Phelps
 (47.02)
Garrett Weber-Gale
 (47.65)
Cullen Jones
 (46.06)
Jason Lezak
 United States 02008-08-11 11 August 2008 Olympic Games People's Republic of China Beijing, China [8]
4×200 m freestyle relay  6:58.55 
 (1:44.49)
Michael Phelps
 (1:44.13)
Ricky Berens
 (1:45.47)
David Walters
 (1:44.46)
Ryan Lochte
 United States 02009-07-31 31 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
4×100 m medley relay  3:27.28 
 (52.19)
Aaron Peirsol
 (58.57)
Eric Shanteau
 (49.72)
Michael Phelps
 (46.80)
David Walters
 United States 02009-08-02 2 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; Records not set in finals: (h) – heat; (sf) – semifinal; (r) – relay 1st leg; (rh) – relay heat 1st leg; (b) – B final; – en route to final mark; (tt) – time trial

Women

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle  23.73  Steffen , Britta Britta Steffen  Germany 02009-08-02 2 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
100 m freestyle  52.07  Steffen , Britta Britta Steffen  Germany 02009-07-31 31 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m freestyle  1:52.98  Pellegrini , Federica Federica Pellegrini  Italy 02009-07-29 29 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
400 m freestyle  3:59.15  Pellegrini , Federica Federica Pellegrini  Italy 02009-07-26 26 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
800 m freestyle  8:14.10  Adlington , Rebecca Rebecca Adlington  Great Britain 02008-08-16 16 August 2008 Olympic Games People's Republic of China Beijing, China [9]
1500 m freestyle  15:42.54  Ziegler , Kate Kate Ziegler  United States 02007-06-17 17 June 2007 TYR Meet of Champions United States Mission Viejo, CA, United States [10]
50 m backstroke  27.06  Zhao Jing  China 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
100 m backstroke  58.12  Spofforth , Gemma Gemma Spofforth  Great Britain 02009-07-28 28 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m backstroke  2:04.81  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry  Zimbabwe 02009-08-01 1 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
50 m breaststroke  29.80 
Hardy , Jessica Jessica Hardy  United States 02009-08-07 7 August 2009 US Open United States Federal Way, United States [11]
100 m breaststroke  1:04.45  Hardy , Jessica Jessica Hardy  United States 02009-08-07 7 August 2009 US Open United States Federal Way, United States [11]
200 m breaststroke  2:20.12  (sf)
Pierse , Annamay Annamay Pierse  Canada 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
50 m butterfly  25.07  (sf)
Alshammar , Therese Therese Alshammar  Sweden 02009-07-31 31 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
100 m butterfly  56.06  Sjöström , Sarah Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 02009-07-27 27 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
200 m butterfly  2:01.81  #
Liu Zige  China 02009-10-21 21 October 2009 Chinese National Games People's Republic of China Jinan, China [12]
200 m individual medley  2:06.15  Kukors , Ariana Ariana Kukors  United States 02009-07-27 27 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
400 m individual medley  4:29.45  Rice , Stephanie Stephanie Rice  Australia 02008-08-10 10 August 2008 Olympic Games People's Republic of China Beijing, China [13]
4×100 m freestyle relay  3:31.72 
 (53.61)
Inge Dekker
 (52.30)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo
 (53.03)
Femke Heemskerk
 (52.78)
Marleen Veldhuis
 Netherlands 02009-07-26 26 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
4×200 m freestyle relay  7:42.08 
 (1:55.47)
Yang Yu
 (1:55.79)
Zhu Qianwei
 (1:56.09)
Liu Jing
 (1:54.73)
Pang Jiaying
 China 02009-07-30 30 July 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]
4×100 m medley relay  3:52.19 
 (58.98)
Zhao Jing
 (1:04.12)
Chen Huijia
 (56.28)
Jiao Liuyang
 (52.81)
Li Zhesi
 China 02009-08-01 1 August 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy [3]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; Records not set in finals: (h) – heat; (sf) – semifinal; (r) – relay 1st leg; (rh) – relay heat 1st leg; (b) – B final; – en route to final mark; (tt) – time trial

Short course (25 m)

Men

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle  20.30  (sf)
Schoeman , Roland Roland Schoeman  South Africa 02009-08-08 8 August 2009 South African SC Championships South Africa Pietermaritzburg, South Africa [14]
100 m freestyle  44.94  Leveaux , Amaury Amaury Leveaux  France 02008-12-13 13 December 2008 European SC Championships Croatia Rijeka, Croatia [15]
200 m freestyle  1:39.37  Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
400 m freestyle  3:32.77  Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 02009-11-14 14 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
800 m freestyle  7:23.42  Hackett , Grant Grant Hackett  Australia 02008-07-20 20 July 2008 Victoria SC Championships Australia Melbourne, Australia [17]
1500 m freestyle  14:10.10  Hackett , Grant Grant Hackett  Australia 02001-08-07 7 August 2001 Australian SC Championships Australia Perth, WA, Australia [18]
50 m backstroke  22.61  Marshall , Peter Peter Marshall  United States 02009-11-22 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore Singapore [19]
100 m backstroke  48.94  Thoman , Nick Nick Thoman  United States 02009-12-18 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
200 m backstroke  1:46.11  Vyatchanin , Arkady Arkady Vyatchanin  Russia 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
50 m breaststroke  25.25  Burgh , Cameron van der Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 02009-11-14 14 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
100 m breaststroke  55.61  Burgh , Cameron van der Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
200 m breaststroke  2:00.67  #
Gyurta , Dániel Dániel Gyurta  Hungary 02009-12-13 13 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
50 m butterfly  21.80  Deibler , Steffen Steffen Deibler  Germany 02009-11-14 14 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
100 m butterfly  48.48  Korotyshkin , Yevgeny Yevgeny Korotyshkin  Russia 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
200 m butterfly  1:49.11  Almeida , Kaio de Kaio de Almeida  Brazil 02009-11-10 10 November 2009 World Cup Sweden Stockholm, Sweden [22]
100 m individual medley  50.76  # (sf)
Mankoč , Peter Peter Mankoč  Slovenia 02009-12-12 12 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
200 m individual medley  1:51.55  Townsend , Darian Darian Townsend  South Africa 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
400 m individual medley  3:57.27  #
Cseh , László László Cseh  Hungary 02009-12-11 11 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
4×100 m freestyle relay  3:03.30 
 (45.08)
Nathan Adrian
 (44.68)
Matt Grevers
 (47.43)
Garrett Weber-Gale
 (46.11)
Michael Phelps
 United States 02009-12-19 19 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
4×200 m freestyle relay  6:51.05 
 (1:43.60)
Colin Russell
 (1:43.41)
Stefan Hirniak
 (1:41.49)
Brent Hayden
 (1:42.55)
Joel Greenshields
 Canada 02009-08-07 7 August 2009 British SC Grand Prix United Kingdom Leeds, United Kingdom [23]
4×100 m medley relay  3:19.16 
 (49.63)
Stanislav Donets
 (56.43)
Sergey Geybel
 (48.35)
Yevgeny Korotyshkin
 (44.75)
Danila Izotov
 Russia 02009-12-20 20 December 2009 Vladimir Salnikov Swimming Cup Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia [24]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; Records not set in finals: (h) – heat; (sf) – semifinal; (r) – relay 1st leg; (rh) – relay heat 1st leg; (b) – B final; – en route to final mark; (tt) – time trial

Notes
  • C1^  Record set by CN Marseille club team.

Women

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle  23.25  Veldhuis , Marleen Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands 02008-04-13 13 April 2008 World SC Championships United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [25]
100 m freestyle  51.01  Trickett , Libby Libby Trickett  Australia 02009-08-10 10 August 2009 Australian SC Championships Australia Hobart, Australia [26]
200 m freestyle  1:51.17  #
Pellegrini , Federica Federica Pellegrini  Italy 02009-12-13 13 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
400 m freestyle  3:54.92  Jackson , Joanne Joanne Jackson  Great Britain 02009-08-08 8 August 2009 British SC Grand Prix United Kingdom Leeds, United Kingdom [27]
800 m freestyle  8:04.53  Filippi , Alessia Alessia Filippi  Italy 02008-12-12 12 December 2008 European SC Championships Croatia Rijeka, Croatia [28]
1500 m freestyle  15:28.65  Friis , Lotte Lotte Friis  Denmark 02009-11-28 28 November 2009 Danish Club Championships Denmark Birkerød, Denmark [29]
50 m backstroke  25.70  #
Jovanović , Sanja Sanja Jovanović  Croatia 02009-12-12 12 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
100 m backstroke  55.23  Sakai , Shiho Shiho Sakai  Japan 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
200 m backstroke  2:00.18  Sakai , Shiho Shiho Sakai  Japan 02009-11-14 14 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
50 m breaststroke  28.80  Hardy , Jessica Jessica Hardy  United States 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
100 m breaststroke  1:02.70  Soni , Rebecca Rebecca Soni  United States 02009-12-19 19 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
200 m breaststroke  2:14.57  Soni , Rebecca Rebecca Soni  United States 02009-12-18 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
50 m butterfly  24.38  Alshammar , Therese Therese Alshammar  Sweden 02009-11-22 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore Singapore [19]
100 m butterfly  55.05  #
Bui Duyet , Diane Diane Bui Duyet  France 02009-12-13 13 December 2009 European SC Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [21]
200 m butterfly  2:00.78  Liu Zige  China 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
100 m individual medley  57.74  Schreuder , Hinkelien Hinkelien Schreuder  Netherlands 02009-11-15 15 November 2009 World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [16]
200 m individual medley  2:04.60  Smit , Julia Julia Smit  United States 02009-12-19 19 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
400 m individual medley  4:21.04  Smit , Julia Julia Smit  United States 02009-12-18 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
4×100 m freestyle relay  3:28.22  [C2]
 (52.88)
Hinkelien Schreuder
 (52.24)
Inge Dekker
 (52.12)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo
 (50.98)
Marleen Veldhuis
 Netherlands 02008-12-19 19 December 2008 Dutch SC Championships Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands [30]
4×200 m freestyle relay  7:38.90 
 (1:55.36)
Inge Dekker
 (1:53.44)
Femke Heemskerk
 (1:54.17)
Marleen Veldhuis
 (1:55.93)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo
 Netherlands 02008-04-09 9 April 2008 World SC Championships United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [31]
4×100 m medley relay  3:47.97 
 (57.47)
Margaret Hoelzer
 (1:03.58)
Jessica Hardy
 (54.37)
Dana Vollmer
 (52.55)
Amanda Weir
 United States 02009-12-18 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom [20]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; Records not set in finals: (h) – heat; (sf) – semifinal; (r) – relay 1st leg; (rh) – relay heat 1st leg; (b) – B final; – en route to final mark; (tt) – time trial

Notes
  • C2^  Record set by Eiffel Swimmers PSV club team.

Record holders' rankings

By nation

Record
tally
Nation LC SC Total LC SC Total
Men Women
17  United States 9 3 12 4 1 5
9  Australia 3 2 5 1 3 4
7  Germany 2 3 5 2 2
6  China 1 1 4 1 5
6  South Africa 1 4 5 1 1
5  Netherlands 1 4 5
4  Canada 2 2 1 1 2
4  France 1 2 3 1 1
4  Great Britain 1 1 2 1 3
4  Italy 2 2 4
4  Russia 4 4
3  Hungary 2 2 1 1
3  Sweden 2 1 3
3  Brazil 2 1 3
2  Japan 2 2
1  Croatia 1 1
1  Denmark 1 1
1  Slovenia 1 1
1  Spain 1 1
1  Zimbabwe 1 1

By athlete (men)

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
7 Michael Phelps  United States 100 m butterfly LC
200 m butterfly LC
400 m individual medley LC
4×100 m freestyle relay LC
4×200 m freestyle relay LC
4×100 m medley relay LC
4x100 m freestyle relay SC
4 Paul Biedermann  Germany 200 m freestyle LC
400 m freestyle LC
200 m freestyle SC
400 m freestyle SC
3 Grant Hackett  Australia 1500 m freestyle LC
800 m freestyle SC
1500 m freestyle SC
3 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 50 m breaststroke SC
100 m breaststroke SC
50 m breaststroke LC
3 Aaron Peirsol  United States 100 m backstroke LC
200 m backstroke LC
4×100 m medley relay LC

By athlete (women)

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
4 Jessica Hardy  United States 100 m breaststroke LC
50 m breaststroke LC
50 m breaststroke SC
4×100 m medley relay SC
4 Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands 4×100 m freestyle relay LC
50 m freestyle SC
4×100 m freestyle relay SC
4×200 m freestyle relay SC
3 Inge Dekker  Netherlands 4×100 m freestyle relay LC
4×100 m freestyle relay SC
4×200 m freestyle relay SC
3 Zhao Jing  China 50 m backstroke LC
4×100 m medley relay LC
50 m backstroke SC
3 Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 4×100 m freestyle relay LC
4×100 m freestyle relay SC
4×200 m freestyle relay SC
3 Federica Pellegrini  Italy 200 m freestyle LC
400 m freestyle LC
200 m freestyle SC

Gallery of record holders

Some of the current world record holders in swimming:

References

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  22. ^ "Felicity Galvez, Zhao Jing, Kaio Almeida Set World Records During Day One Finals". Swimming World Magazine. 2009-11-10. http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/22613.asp. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
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  24. ^ "Salnikov Cup: Flash! Russian Foursome Breaks World Record". SwimmingWorldMagazine. 2009-12-20. http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/23014.asp?q=Salnikov%20Cup:%20Flash!%20Russian%20Foursome%20Breaks%20World%20Record. Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
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  28. ^ Lord, Craig (2006-12-12). "Two WRs: Leveaux 45.12 100 Free; Filippi 8:04.53 800 Free". SwimNews.com. http://www.swimnews.com/News/view/6597. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  29. ^ "Lotte Friis Breaks World Record in 1500 Free". Swimming World Magazine. 2000-11-29. http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/22834.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  30. ^ "Dutch Short Course Nationals: Women Break 400 Free Relay World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 2008-12-19. http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/19875.asp. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  31. ^ "Dutch women obliterate 800 free relay world record". Swimming World Magazine. 2008-04-09. http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/17782.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 

External links


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