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Lists of countries: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A country is a geographical territory, both in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) and state (a political entity).[1]

When the term country is used as a synonym for an independent sovereign state, see:

Contents

Other official lists

Other meanings of country

Themed lists

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Demographics

The characteristics of the human population:

Economy

The production, distribution and consumption of goods and services:

Gross domestic product

The value of goods and services produced within a country:

Agriculture

Farmers work inside a rice field.

Environment

The physical, chemical, and biotic factors that act upon an ecosystem:

Geography

The Earth and its features:

Military

Military spending

Names

Name of a country

The label for the country:

Politics

The process by which groups, often governments, make decisions:

Sports

Tourism

Transport

Miscellaneous

References

  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary lists the first six as:
    • I. 1. a. A tract or expanse of land of undefined extent; a region, district.
    • 2. a. A tract or district having more or less definite limits in relation to human occupation. e.g. owned by the same lord or proprietor, or inhabited by people of the same race, dialect, occupation, etc.; spec. preceded by a personal name: the region associated with a particular person or his works; also fig.
    • 3. The territory or land of a nation; usually an independent state, or a region once independent and still distinct in race, language, institutions, or historical memories, as England, Scotland, and Ireland, in the United Kingdom, *etc.
      With political changes, what were originally distinct countries have become provinces or districts of one country, and vice versa; the modern tendency being to identify the term with the existing political condition.
    • 4. The land of a person's birth, citizenship, residence, etc.; used alike in the wider sense of native land, and in the narrower one of the particular district to which a person belongs.
    • 5. a. ‘The parts of a region distant from cities or courts’ (J.); the rural districts as distinct from the town or towns; sometimes applied to all outside the capital, called, by eminence, ‘town’.
    • 6. a. The people of a district or state; the nation.
    Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, with online updates as of September 2008. Entry "1. country"

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