Litchfield County, Connecticut: Wikis

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Litchfield County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Litchfield County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the U.S. highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Seat none; since 1960 Connecticut counties no longer have a county government
Largest city Torrington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

945 sq mi (2,448 km²)
920 sq mi (2,383 km²)
25 sq mi (65 km²), 2.61%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

182,193
197/sq mi (76/km²)
Founded 1751
Congressional districts 1st, 5th

Litchfield County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut and is the core of Upstate Connecticut. Litchfield County also has the least population density among Connecticut's counties. As of 2004 the population was 189,246. This was an increase of 3.87% from the 2000 census. It is part of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area.

As is the case with all eight counties in Connecticut, there is no county government; there is no county seat: in Connecticut, each town is responsible for all local services such as schools, snow removal, sewers, fire department and police departments. However, in some cases in rural areas, adjoining towns may agree to jointly provide services or even establish a joint school system.

Contents

History

Litchfield County was created on October 9, 1751, by an act of the Connecticut General Court from land belonging to Fairfield, New Haven, and Hartford counties. The act establishing the county states:

That the townships of Litchfield, Woodberry, New Milford,
Harwinton, New Hartford, Barkhempstead, Hartland, Colebrook,
Norfolk, Canaan, Salisbury, Kent, Sharon, Cornwall, Goshen,
Torrington, and Winchester, lying in the northwesterly part
of this Colony, shall be and remain one entire county,and be
called the County of Litchfield, and shall have and exercise
the same powers, priviledges [sic] and authorities, and be subject
to the same regulations, as the other counties in this Colony
by law have and are subject unto. The bounds of which
county shall extend north to the Colony line, and west to the
Colony line till it meets with the township of New Fairfield,
and to include the towns abovementioned.[1]

Between 1780 and 1807, several new towns were created at the boundaries between Litchfield County and other counties in Connecticut. The town of Watertown was established in 1780 from Waterbury and was placed under Litchfield County jurisdiction. The establishment of the town of Brookfield from part of New Milford in 1788 resulted in Litchfield County losing territory to Fairfield County. In 1796, the town of Hartland was transferred to Hartford County. In 1798, the town of Oxford was established from part of Southbury causing Litchfield County to lose territory to New Haven County. The establishment of the town of Canton in 1806 from part of New Hartford caused loss of territory to Hartford County. In 1807, the town of Southbury was transferred to New Haven County. The final boundary change occurred on October 8, 1807, when the town of Middlebury was established from part of Woodbury.[2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 945 square miles (2,446 km²), of which, 920 square miles (2,383 km²) of it is land and 25 square miles (64 km²) of it (2.61%) is water. Litchfield County is roughly contiguous with the portion of the Appalachian Mountains range known as the Berkshire Mountains(sometimes locally, this area is called the Litchfield Hills).

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Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 182,193 people, 71,551 households, and 49,584 families residing in the county. The population density was 198 people per square mile (76/km²). There were 79,267 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.77% White, 1.10% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.8% were of Italian, 14.8% Irish, 10.6% English, 9.2% German and 6.3% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.3% spoke English, 2.1% Spanish, 1.6% Italian and 1.2% French as their first language.

There were 71,551 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $56,273, and the median income for a family was $66,445 (these figures had risen to $67,591 and $81,752 respectively as of a 2007 estimate)[4]. Males had a median income of $45,586 versus $31,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,408. About 2.70% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.30% of those under age 18 and 5.40% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Litchfield county has gone Republican more often than the rest of the state. In 2004 Bush won 51% to Kerry's 46%, making Litchfield the only county in Connecticut he won. Litchfield was one of two Connecticut counties won by George H. W. Bush in 1992.[5] In 2008, no county in Connecticut, including Litchfield, was won by Republican candidate John McCain. The county also went for the Democratic candidate in 1964, 1996, and 2000.

Cities, towns, boroughs, and villages*

Map of Litchfield County, Connecticut showing cities, boroughs, towns, CDPs, and Indian Reservations

* Boroughs are incorporated portions of one or more towns with separate borough councils, zoning boards, and borough officials. Villages are named localities, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

Telephone Area Codes

All areas of the county are in area code 860 except for the towns of Woodbury, Bethlehem and a small part of Roxbury, which are in the area code 203/area code 475 overlay. The geographical Woodbury Telephone Exchange (of the now defunct Woodbury Telephone Company) serves the two towns as well as the town of Southbury, which is in New Haven County and the small part of Roxbury. Ten digit dialing took effect for both area codes on November 14, 2009 as a result of the 203/475 overlay and the planned but not implemented 860/959 overlay.

See also

References

  1. ^ "CCR: Volume 10, Page 56". http://www.colonialct.uconn.edu/ViewPageByPageNew.cfm?ID=2825&Volume=10&Master=622&Letter=L&v=10&p=56&c=4. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  
  2. ^ Newberry Library -- Connecticut Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ American FactFinder
  5. ^ David Leip's election Atlas

External links

See also: other Litchfields

Coordinates: 41°47′N 73°14′W / 41.79°N 73.24°W / 41.79; -73.24


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Litchfield County, Connecticut
Map
File:Map of Connecticut highlighting Litchfield County.png
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the USA highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1751
Seat none; Connecticut counties do not have a county government
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.61%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

182193

Litchfield County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of 2004 the population was 189,246. This was an increase of 3.87% from the 2000 census. It is part of the New York-Newark Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area.

As is the case with all eight counties in Connecticut, there is no county government; there is no county seat: in Connecticut, each town is responsible for all local services such as schools, snow removal, sewers, fire department and police departments. However, in some cases in rural areas, adjoining towns may agree to jointly provide services or even establish a joint school system.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,446 km² (945 sq mi). 2,383 km² (920 sq mi) of it is land and 64 km² (25 sq mi) of it (2.61%) is water. Litchfield County is roughly contiguous with the portion of the Appalachian mountain range known as the Litchfield Hills.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 182,193 people, 71,551 households, and 49,584 families residing in the county. The population density was 76/km² (198/sq mi). There were 79,267 housing units at an average density of 33/km² (86/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.77% White, 1.10% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.8% were of Italian, 14.8% Irish, 10.6% English, 9.2% German and 6.3% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.3% spoke English, 2.1% Spanish, 1.6% Italian and 1.2% French as their first language.

There were 71,551 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $56,273, and the median income for a family was $66,445. Males had a median income of $45,586 versus $31,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,408. About 2.70% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.30% of those under age 18 and 5.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, boroughs, and villages*

* Boroughs are incorporated portions of one or more towns with separate borough councils, zoning boards, and borough officials. Villages are named localities, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

See also

External links

See also: other Litchfields


Coordinates: 41°47′N 73°14′W / 41.79, -73.24


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Litchfield County, Connecticut. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Litchfield County, ConnecticutRDF feed
County names Litchfield County, Connecticut  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Connecticut  +
Short name Litchfield County  +

This article uses material from the "Litchfield County, Connecticut" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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