Little Pine State Park: Wikis

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Little Pine State Park
Pennsylvania State Park
Natural Monument (IUCN III)
Little Pine Creek Lake, from the dam
Named for: Little Pine Creek
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lycoming
Township Cummings
Location [1]
 - coordinates 41°21′22″N 77°21′19″W / 41.35611°N 77.35528°W / 41.35611; -77.35528Coordinates: 41°21′22″N 77°21′19″W / 41.35611°N 77.35528°W / 41.35611; -77.35528
 - elevation 710 ft (216 m) [1]
Area 2,158 acres (873 ha)
Founded 1937
Managed by Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Visitation 87,418 (in 2003) [2]
Nearest city Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Locator Red.svg
Location of Little Pine State Park in Pennsylvania
Location of Little Pine State Park in Pennsylvania
Website : Little Pine State Park

Little Pine State Park is a Pennsylvania state park on 2,158 acres (873 ha) in Cummings Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in the United States. Little Pine State park is along 4.2 miles (6.8 km) of Little Pine Creek, a tributary of Pine Creek, in the midst of the Tiadaghton State Forest. A dam on the creek has created a lake covering 94 acres (38 ha) for fishing, boating, and swimming.

Contents

History

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Native Americans

Humans have lived in what is now Pennsylvania since at least 10,000 BC. The first settlers were Paleo-Indian nomadic hunters known from their stone tools.[3][4] The hunter-gatherers of the Archaic period, which lasted locally from 7000 to 1000 BC, used a greater variety of more sophisticated stone artifacts. The Woodland period marked the gradual transition to semi-permanent villages and horticulture, between 1000 BC and 1500 AD. Archeological evidence found in the state from this time includes a range of pottery types and styles, burial mounds, pipes, bows and arrows, and ornaments.[3]

Little Pine State Park is in the West Branch Susquehanna River drainage basin, the earliest recorded inhabitants of which were the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannocks. They were a matriarchal society that lived in stockaded villages of large long houses,[4] and "occasionally inhabited" the mountains surrounding the Pine Creek Gorge.[5] Their numbers were greatly reduced by disease and warfare with the Five Nations of the Iroquois, and by 1675 they had died out, moved away, or been assimilated into other tribes.[4][6]

To fill the void left by the demise of the Susquehannocks, the Iroquois encouraged displaced tribes from the east to settle in the West Branch watershed, including the Shawnee and Lenape (or Delaware).[4][6] The Pine Creek and Little Pine Creek valleys in Cummings Township were used by the Iroquois and Algonkian tribes as a hunting ground. Historians believe that there may have been a Shawnee village and burial ground just to the north of Little Pine State Park on Little Pine Creek.[7]

The French and Indian War (1754–1763) led to the migration of many Native Americans westward to the Ohio River basin.[4] The United States acquired the Last Purchase, including what is now Upper Pine Bottom State Park, from the Iroquois in the Second Treaty of Fort Stanwix in October 1784.[6] In the years that followed, Native Americans almost entirely left Pennsylvania;[4] however some isolated bands of Natives remained in Pine Creek Gorge until the War of 1812.[8]

Lumber era

By the mid 19th century the demand for lumber reached the Little Pine area, where White pine and hemlock covered the surrounding mountainsides. Lumbermen came and harvested the trees and sent them down the creeks to the West Branch Susquehanna River to the log boom and sawmills at Williamsport. James and John English were the first to build a sawmill in the area in the Little Pine Area. They built two sawmills in 1809 on Little Pine Creek. In 1816, the village of English Mills sprang up around the two sawmills. The lumber era at Little Pine lasted until 1909, when the last log raft was floated down Little Pine Creek. Remnants of the lumber era can be seen today in and around the park.[7]

Civilian Conservation Corps

In 1933 a picnic area was built along Little Pine Creek by the Civilian Conservation Corps at what is now the park (but was then CCC Camp S-129). The CCC camp closed in 1937 and the picnic area came under the control of the Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks.[9] In 1950, the dam was built for both flood control and recreational purposes. The swimming area, beach, family camping area, and more picnic facilities were added in 1958. Hurricane Agnes destroyed much of the park's infrastructure in 1972, but improvements and new facilities were constructed along with rebuilding. In 2005 the lake was drained, debris removed, and maintenance work was done on the dam. Nearby Upper Pine Bottom State Park is maintained by staff from Little Pine State Park.[7][10]

Location

Little Pine State Park is located on Pennsylvania Route 4001, 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the unincorporated village of Waterville or 8 miles (13 km) southwest of the village of English Center. The nearest borough is Jersey Shore, Pennsylvania, about 15 miles (24 km) south at the mouth of Pine Creek on the West Branch Susquehanna River.[7][11]

Facilities and recreation

Camping season at Little Pine State Park runs from the first weekend in April to mid-December. The park has 104 modern camping sites, 6 for tents only, the rest can accommodate travel trailers up to 30 feet (9.1 m) in length. All these sites have electricity. There are also three cottages (each can sleep five people) and four group tenting sites (two able to accommodate 40 people and two for 20 people).[7]

Hiking and cross country skiing can be enjoyed on several trails in the park and surrounding Tiadaghton State Forest, including the 5 miles (8.0 km) Lakeshore trail around the lake, where cross country skiing is available in winter. Part of the Pennsylvania Mid State Trail, which is 261 miles (420 km) long, runs through the park just south of the dam.[7]

Hunting is possible in season on approximately 1,700 acres (690 ha) of the park, plus the adjacent Tiadaghton State Forest lands. Rifle, pistol, archery, and trapping are all possible, with firearm and archery ranges in the park. Typical game animals include bear, White-tailed deer, fox, Ruffed Grouse, Eastern Gray Squirrel, and Wild Turkey. The hunting of Groundhogs is prohibited.[7]

Picnicking facilities include four picnic areas, each with a pavilion that may be reserved, and many picnic tables and grills. A volleyball court is available. The lower picnic area is separate from the rest of the park (about 0.5 miles (800 m) below the dam and campground).[7]

Sledding and tobogganing in the park are allowed on the shores of the lake in winter. The lake ice must be at least 4 inches (10 cm) thick.[7]

Little Pine Lake

Boating on the lake is allowed with electric motors only. There is one boat launch area for the lake, 25 mooring places (available April 1 to November 1), and rental paddleboats, canoes and rowboats available (from Memorial Day to Labor Day).[7]

Fishing in the park includes fly fishing on 4.2 miles (6.8 km) of Little Pine Creek, bank fishing on 3.3 miles (5.3 km) of lake shoreline, and boat fishing on the lake's 94 acres (38 ha). Fish species include: smallmouth bass, catfish, pickerel, perch, sunfish, and native and stocked trout (brook, brown, and rainbow). Ice fishing on the lake is possible in winter. The laws and regulations of the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission apply.[7]

Swimming is open from late May to mid-September, from 8 am to sunset each day. The beach is sand, with a lawn beside it. No lifeguard is on duty.[7]

Nearby state parks

The following state parks are within 30 miles (48 km) of Little Pine State Park:[12][13]

References

  1. ^ a b "Little Pine State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 30, 1990. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1198256. Retrieved 2008-06-10.  
  2. ^ Fermata Inc. of Austin, Texas (August 2005). "Pine Creek Valley Early Action Recommendations" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/info/pawilds/recplan-app08.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  3. ^ a b Kent, Barry C.; Smith III, Ira F.; McCann, Catherine (Editors) (1971). Foundations of Pennsylvania Prehistory. Anthropological Series of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. 1. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. pp. 4, 7–11, 85–96, 195–201.   (No ISBN)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Wallace, Paul A. W. (2000). Indians in Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. pp. 4–12, 84–89, 99–105, 145–148, 157–164. ISBN 978-0892710171.  
    Note: For a general overview of Native American History in the West Branch Susquehanna watershed, see Meginness, John Franklin (1892). "Chapter I. Aboriginal Occupation.". History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania: including its aboriginal history; the colonial and revolutionary periods; early settlement and subsequent growth; organization and civil administration; the legal and medical professions; internal improvement; past and present history of Williamsport; manufacturing and lumber interests; religious, educational, and social development; geology and agriculture; military record; sketches of boroughs, townships, and villages; portraits and biographies of pioneers and representative citizens, etc. etc. (1st ed.). Chicago, IL: Brown, Runk & Co. ISBN 0-7884-0428-8. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/pa/county/lycoming/history/Chapter-01.html.   Retrieved on September 30, 2008. Note: ISBN refers to the Heritage Books July 1996 reprint. URL is to a scan of the 1892 version with some OCR typos.
  5. ^ Owlett, Steven E. (1993). "The Land That Was". Seasons Along The Tiadaghton: An Environmental History of the Pine Creek Gorge (1st ed.). Petaluma, California: Interprint. pp. 39, 40, 43, 46, 49, 50. ISBN 0-9635905-0-2.  
  6. ^ a b c Donehoo, Dr. George P. (1999) (PDF). "A History of the Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania" (Second Reprint ed.). Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Wennawoods Publishing. pp. 154–155, 215–219. ISBN 1-889037-11-7. http://www.srbc.net/pubinfo/docs/IndianNamesDataChart.PDF.   Retrieved on September 30, 2008. Note: ISBN refers to a 1999 reprint edition, URL is for the Susquehanna River Basin Commission's web page of Native American Place names, quoting and citing the book.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Little Pine State Park". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/littlepine.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-07.  
  8. ^ Sexton Jr., John L. (1883). "Shippen Township". History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania with Illustrations, Portraits and Sketches. New York, New York: W. W. Munsell & Co.. pp. 313–326. http://www.joycetice.com/1883/shippent.htm.   Retrieved on June 8, 2009.
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania State Parks: The CCC Years". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/history/historycccyears.aspx. Retrieved 2006-11-28.  
  10. ^ ""DCNR lowering lake level at Little Pine State Park"". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/news/resource/res2005/05-0329-littlepinesp.aspx. Retrieved 2006-07-28.  
  11. ^ "State Parks near the Tiadaghton State Forest". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/stateforests/tiadparks.aspx. Retrieved 2006-07-28.  
  12. ^ Michels, Chris (1997). "Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation". Northern Arizona University. http://www2.nau.edu/~cvm/latlongdist.html. Retrieved 2008-04-23.  
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division. "2007 General Highway Map Lycoming County Pennsylvania" [map], 1:65,000. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.Note: shows Little Pine State Park

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