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Liverpool Lime Street
Lime Street station
Location
Place Liverpool
Local authority Liverpool
Coordinates 53°24′26″N 2°58′37″W / 53.4073°N 2.977°W / 53.4073; -2.977Coordinates: 53°24′26″N 2°58′37″W / 53.4073°N 2.977°W / 53.4073; -2.977
Operations
Station code LIV
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 9 + 1 underground
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 * 13.535 million
2005/06 * 14.472 million
2006/07 * 6.377 million
2007/08 * 4.387 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Merseytravel
Zone C1
History
1836 Opened
1977 Underground station opened
National Rail - UK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Liverpool Lime Street from Office of Rail Regulation statistics.

Liverpool Lime Street railway station on Lime Street is a mainline and underground railway station serving the city centre of Liverpool, England. The station lies on a branch of the West Coast Main Line from London Euston, and on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network.

Contents

History

Concourse at Lime Street station
Interior of Lime Street station
Platforms at the station
Lime Street underground station
Main drop off point at the station
One of the Virgin Train platforms

In the early days of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR), the Liverpool terminus was located at Crown Street, in Edge Hill, officially opened in 1830. Construction of a purpose-built station began in October 1833, the land being purchased from Liverpool Corporation for £9000. A tunnel was constructed between Edge Hill and the new station (starting in 1832, prior to station construction), and the station was opened to the public in August of 1836, although construction was not completed until the following year. Because of the steep incline between Lime Street and Edge Hill, trains were stopped at Edge Hill, their locomotives removed, and the passenger carriages taken down by gravity, descent controlled by brakemen. The return journey was achieved by using a stationary engine to haul the carriages up with rope.

Within six years, the rapid growth of the railways meant that the original station needed to be extended, and a plan was made to erect an iron roof similar to that found at Euston station in London, ridge roofs supported by iron columns; however, Richard Turner and William Fairburn submitted a design for a single curved roof, which won the approval of the station committee. The work cost £15,000, and was completed in 1849. A second roof was added in the 1880s.

In 1845 the L&MR was absorbed by its principal business partner, the Grand Junction Railway (GJR); the following year the GJR formed part of the London and North Western Railway. The station was one of the first to send mail by train. The North Western Hotel designed by Alfred Waterhouse, was built in front of the station - this still stands, having been converted to accommodation for students of Liverpool John Moores University. At 'the grouping' in 1923, the station passed to the ownership of the London, Midland and Scottish (LMS) railway, and, in 1948, the London Midland Region of British Railways.

Lime Street was part of the first stage of electrification of the West Coast Main Line in 1959. In 1966, the station saw the launch of the first InterCity service.

Lime Street was voted the equal worst of the 20 busiest UK railway stations in a 2007 poll.[1]

Layout and future expansion

Liverpool Lime Street is divided into two sections: the mainline station, which serves national and local overground services, and the Merseyrail Underground station, located between the mainline station and St George’s Hall. Lime Street is served by the Wirral Line.

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Mainline

The mainline station is still covered by the vast iron and glass roofs dating from the 1880s. Platforms 1 to 6 are shorter than 7 to 9, the latter dealing mainly with long-distance services to London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Norwich. Access to platforms 1-6 is through a ticket inspection barrier, while platforms 7-9 are open, with tickets being inspected on the trains. Toilets, booking offices, shops, a left-luggage office, taxi ranks and coffee bars are amongst the facilities provided.

In 2009, new buildings were erected in the old "cab road" area between platforms 7 and 8. These currently house customer lounges, the Virgin Trains customer service point, and an ATM, and there are retail units available but not yet tenanted.

In line with Liverpool's role as European Capital of Culture in 2008, and the city's 800th anniversary in 2007, the station and its immediate surroundings will receive a £35 million redevelopment. The Lime Street Gateway Project will see the current retail parade and office block in front of the station demolished, and an improved frontage and public plaza built. The development will be overseen by English Partnerships. Work has started on this development.

As a rule of thumb, during the day:

  • Platform 1 for Northern Rail services to Warrington Bank Quay and Stalybridge
  • Platform 2 for Northern Rail services to Wigan North Western
  • Platform 3 for Northern Rail services to Preston and Blackpool North
  • Platform 4 for Northern Rail services to Manchester Victoria and Manchester Airport
  • Platform 5 for Northern Rail semi-fast services to Manchester Oxford Road
  • Platform 6 for Northern Rail/East Midlands Trains services to the East Midlands, and for the local stopper train to Manchester Oxford Road
  • Platform 7 for Virgin Trains services to London Euston
  • Platform 8 for London Midland services to Birmingham New Street
  • Platform 9 for First TransPennine Express services to the Leeds and the North East (mainly Scarborough)

It should be noted that platforms are subject to change and diversions to a different platform are common, particularly when services arrive late or early.

Merseyrail Underground Station

The underground station consists of a single platform, alongside the Liverpool Loop, a single track tunnel excavated in the 1970s, and a ticket hall above. The station is connected to the Main Line station by means of a pedestrian subway and escalators, accessed via a long passageway which crosses beneath Lime Street itself, and by a lift from the main concourse.

The Merseyrail Wirral line trains operate on a 5 minute frequency Monday-Saturday, and between 5 and 10 minute frequency on Sunday.

As part of a programme of improvements by Merseytravel, the underground station has recently been fitted with automatic ticket barriers and machines.

A new 'M to Go' shop is planned for the low level of the station.

Services

The main station is currently served by five train operating companies serving a wide variety of destinations, but the service has been much reduced in recent times. For example it is no longer possible to travel directly to Edinburgh, Plymouth and Cardiff without changing trains. Services out of Lime Street (at February 2010) are as follows:

East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Trains operate an hourly service to Norwich via Warrington, Manchester, Sheffield and Nottingham. Late afternoon and evening services terminate at Nottingham.

First TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express operate an hourly service to Scarborough via Warrington, Manchester, Leeds and York. There are also daily services to Newcastle, Middlesbrough and Hull. Evening services will run to York only.

London Midland
London Midland operate a half hourly service to Birmingham New Street via Runcorn, Crewe, Stafford and Wolverhampton. Late services terminate at Crewe.

Northern Rail
Northern Rail are the main train operating company out of Lime Street, and run the ticket office. Services include:

  • Half hourly service to Manchester Oxford Road (via Warrington Central)
  • Hourly service to Blackpool North (via Preston)
  • Half hourly service to Wigan North Western (via Huyton)
  • Hourly service to Stalybridge (via Manchester Victoria)
  • Hourly service to Manchester Airport (via Newton-le-Willows)
  • Hourly service to Warrington Bank Quay (via Earlestown)
  • Also peak services run to Huddersfield and Preston

Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains operate an hourly Pendolino service to London Euston via Runcorn and Stafford


The underground station is situated on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network, which has services to New Brighton, West Kirby, Ellesmere Port and Chester. To reach destinations on the Northern Line of the network, passengers must either use the Wirral Line or walk the short distance to Liverpool Central station.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Terminus   East Midlands Trains
Liverpool - Norwich
  Liverpool
South Parkway
Terminus   First TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
  Warrington Central
or Hunts Cross
Terminus   London Midland
West Coast Main Line
  Liverpool
South Parkway
Terminus   Northern Rail
Liverpool - Wigan
  Edge Hill
  Northern Rail
Liverpool to Manchester Line
 
Terminus   Northern Rail
Liverpool-Manchester Airport
  Wavertree
Technology Park
  Northern Rail
Liverpool - Preston/Blackpool
  Huyton
Terminus   Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Runcorn
Moorfields   Merseyrail
Wirral Line
City Loop
  Liverpool Central

Future services

Renaissance Trains have proposed a twice-daily service from Lime Street to Glasgow Central, with weekend trains running instead from Blackpool to Glasgow. As of 2009, the company is attempting to negotiate train paths with Network Rail.[2]

Proposals to upgrade the Halton Curve have been considered by, among others, Merseytravel and the North Cheshire Rail User's Group. [3] This would provide a second rail route between Liverpool and Chester, and would permit the introduction of new direct services from Liverpool to North Wales.

Withdrawn services

Certain direct trains to and from Liverpool Lime Street station have been withdrawn since 2000. These include the following services:

Wales and West services to Cardiff and Milford Haven via the Welsh Marches.

Virgin Trains Crosscountry services to Edinburgh, Poole, Weymouth, London Paddington, Portsmouth and Plymouth.

First North Western services to Chester via Warrington Bank Quay.

Central Trains services to Cambridge and Stanstead Airport.


In addition, former British Rail services to Scotland, North Wales, Bradford, Harwich and Leicester no longer operate.

References

External links


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