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Llívia
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms
Location of Llívia in Girona province
Llívia is located in Catalonia
Llívia
Location in Catalonia
Coordinates: 42°27′36″N 1°58′48″E / 42.46°N 1.98°E / 42.46; 1.98Coordinates: 42°27′36″N 1°58′48″E / 42.46°N 1.98°E / 42.46; 1.98
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Catalonia
Province Gerona
Comarca Cerdanya (comarca)
Judicial district Puigcerdá
Government
 - Alcalde Josep Pous Rodríguez (2007) (CIU)
Area
 - Total 12.83 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation 1,224 m (4,016 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 1,517
 - Density 118.2/km2 (306.2/sq mi)
 - Demonym Lliviense, -a
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 17527
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Llívia is a town of Cerdanya, province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain. It is an exclave of Spain and an enclave of France, within the French territory (Pyrénées-Orientales département). In 2007, the municipality of Llivia had a total population of 1,388.[1]

Llivia is separated from the rest of Spain by a corridor about 2 km (1.2 mi) wide, which includes the French communes of Ur and Bourg-Madame.

Contents

History

Border stone between Spain and France, for the municipalities of Llívia (Girona) and Angoustrine-Villeneuve-des-Escaldes (Pyrénées-Orientales)

Llívia was the site of an Iberian oppidum which commanded the region and was named Julia Libica by the Romans. It was the ancient capital of Cerdanya in antiquity, before being replaced by Hix (commune of Bourg-Madame, France) in the Middle Ages. During the Visigothic period, its citadel, the castrum Libiae, was held by the rebel Paul of Narbonne against king Wamba in 672.

In 1659, the Treaty of the Pyrenees ceded the comarques of Roussillon, Conflent, Capcir, Vallespir, and northern Cerdanya ("Cerdagne") to the French crown. Llívia did not become part of the French kingdom as the treaty stipulated that only villages were to be ceded to France, and Llívia was considered a city and not a village due to its status as the ancient capital of Cerdanya.

In 1939, at the end of the Spanish Civil War, there was some discussion of Llívia remaining a free territory of the defeated Republican government, but this was never carried out.[2]

Demography

Population:

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2007
941 743 755 856 930 1,388

Main activities

  • Festcat. School for festivities and festivals.

Every second complete week in July, classes about traditional and popular festivities and festivals in Catalonia, and different performances by leading artists. Official website

References

  1. ^ Idescat. Fitxes municipals. Llívia
  2. ^ Robinson GWS (1959). Exclaves. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 49 (3), 283–295 doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1959.tb01614.x
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).
Map of French Roussillon (in Catalan), with the location of Llívia shown at left.
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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|LLivia]] Llívia is a little catalon town and also exclave of Spain. It is surrounded by France, the Spanish border is about 1 kilometer away. It belongs to Cerdanya, province of Girona. The French territory that surrounds it is the Pyrénées-Orientales département. Llivia has a total population of 1252, as of 2005.

Geography

Llívia is located at 42°27′45.33″N, 1°58′43.67″E.

History

People lived there since Roman times. Originally, the settlement began as a Roman fort (What is called oppidum). The name of the oppidum was Julia Libica. The city was the ancient capital of Cerdagne in antiquity. In the early Middle Ages, Hix (commune of Bourg-Madame, France) became the capital of the region.

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