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Llandaff
Welsh: Llandaf
Cew llandaff.jpg
Llandaff electoral ward of Cardiff
Population 8,988 [1]
Principal area Cardiff
Ceremonial county South Glamorgan
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIFF
Postcode district CF5
Dialling code 029
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Cardiff West
List of places: UK • Wales • Cardiff

Llandaff (Welsh: Llandaf llan church + Taf) is a district in the north of Cardiff, capital of Wales, having been incorporated into the city in 1922. It is the seat of the Church in Wales Bishop of Llandaff, whose diocese covers the most populous area of South Wales.

Contents

History

Llandaff Cathedral

Most of the history of Llandaff centres on Llandaff Cathedral. The date of the moving of the cathedral to Llandaff is disputed, but the fabric dates from the 13th century. It was badly damaged by Luftwaffe bombing during World War II, and subsequently restored by the architect George Pace. One of its main modern points of interest is the aluminium figure of Christ in Majesty (1954-5), by Jacob Epstein, which is suspended above the nave.

Llandaff never developed into a chartered borough, and by the nineteenth century was described as reduced to a mere village... It consists of little more than two short streets of cottages, not lighted or paved, terminating in a square, into which the great gateway of the old palace formerly opened, and where are still several genteel houses.[2]

Speed's map of Llandaff (1610).

Historically Llandaff was informally known as a "city" because of its status as the seat of the Bishop of Llandaff. This status was never officially recognised, largely because the community did not possess a charter of incorporation.[3]

The ancient parish of Llandaff included a wide area. Apart from Llandaff itself, it included the townships of Canton, Ely, Fairwater, and Gabalfa. The parish was gradually absorbed into the Borough of Cardiff during the 19th and 20th centuries. Llandaff itself became a civil parish and from 1894 to 1922 was part of the Llandaff and Dinas Powis Rural District. On 9 November 1922 the county borough of Cardiff was extended to include the area.[4]

Governance

Location map Cardiff.png

Llandaff is both an electoral ward and a community of the County and City of Cardiff. There is no community council for the area. The electoral ward of Llandaff is bounded by Radyr & Morganstown to the north west; Llandaff North to the north; Riverside to the west; Canton to the south; and Fairwater to the west. The ward is represented by two councillors, Kirsty Davies and Gareth Aubrey, both members of the Liberal Democrat Party.

In the UK Parliament, Llandaff is part of the constituency of Cardiff West. Its most prominent MPs were former Speaker of the Commons George Thomas and former Welsh Labour leader Rhodri Morgan. The current MP is Labour's Kevin Brennan, elected in 2001.

In the Welsh Assembly, Llandaff is part of the constituency of Cardiff West, whose current AM is the former Welsh Labour leader Rhodri Morgan, elected in 1999. The constituency falls within the electoral region of South Wales Central, whose four current AMs are Conservatives Andrew R. T. Davies and David Melding, and Plaid Cymru's Chris Franks and Leanne Wood.

Demography

Demographics shows that the electoral division of Llandaff had a population at the United Kingdom Census 2001 of 8,988, of whom 4,227 were male and 4,761 female. The majority of the population (94.7%) were recorded as being of white ethnicity. Approximately 76% of the population were returned as Christian, with about 1% each being Hindu or Muslim, and 20% having no religion or no stated religion. About 13% of the population of Llandaff can read, write and speak Welsh, while 78% have no knowledge.[1]

Education

Llandaff is home to a co-educational independent school for children between the ages of 3-16. (The Cathedral School). The independent GDST school, Howell's School Llandaff, is also based in the area and recently expanded from an all-girls school to include the co-educational Howell's Sixth Form College. There are also two state Church Schools; Llandaff City Church in Wales Primary School and Bishop of Llandaff Church in Wales High School. Llandaff is also home of the UWIC Llandaff campus.

Transport

The closest railway station is either Waun-Gron Park or Fairwater railway station which both have half hourly services to and from Cardiff on the Cardiff City Line. Llandaf railway station is actually located in Llandaff North.

Cardiff Bus services 1/2 (City Circle), 24/25 (Whitchurch), 33/33A (Radyr/Morganstown) 60/62/62A (Pentrebane/Fairwater) and Stagecoach service 122 (Tonypandy) operate through the area to/from Cardiff central bus station.

Western Avenue (A48) runs through the south of the area heading eastbound to Gabalfa & M4 J30 and westbound to Ely, Culverhouse Cross and M4 J33. Cardiff Road leads south towards the city centre.

Economy

The major employment sectors in the area are:

  • Public administration, education and health (35.26%)
  • Banking, finance and insurance (19.44%)
  • Distribution, hotels and restaurants (16.46%)
  • Other services (9.13%)
  • Manufacturing (8.81%)
  • Transport and communication (4.82%)
  • Construction (4.43%)[1]

BBC Wales have their headquarters at Broadcasting House, Llantrisant Road in Llandaff.

Notable people

  • Ivor Atkins, choirmaster and organist, was born in Llandaff on 29 November 1869.[5]
  • Charlotte Church, singer and television presenter, born in Llandaff 21 February 1986
  • Roald Dahl, author, was born in Fairwater Road on 13 September 1916. He subsequently attended the Cathedral School.[6]
  • Francis Lewis, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York, was born in Llandaff on March 21, 1713.
  • The Welsh artist Ivor Williams lived and painted in Llandaff House until his death in 1982.
  • Cheryl Gillan, politician, born in Llandaff on 21 April 1952.

References

External links

Coordinates: 51°29′36″N 3°12′48″W / 51.49333°N 3.21333°W / 51.49333; -3.21333


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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