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Coordinates: 51°41′00″N 4°09′41″W / 51.683471°N 4.161369°W / 51.683471; -4.161369

Llanelli
Llanellicoa.jpg
Ymlaen Llanelli
"Forward Llanelli"
Llanelli is located in Wales2
Llanelli

 Llanelli shown within Wales
Population 46,358 [1]
OS grid reference SN505005
Principal area Carmarthenshire
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LLANELLI
Postcode district SA14, SA15
Dialling code 01554, 01267[2]
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Llanelli
Welsh Assembly Llanelli
Website llanellitowncouncil.co.uk
List of places: UK • Wales • Carmarthenshire

Llanelli (English: Church of St. Elli; Welsh pronunciation: [ɬaˈnɛɬi], see below), the largest town in the county of Carmarthenshire, Wales, sits on the Loughor estuary on the West Wales coast, approximately 10 miles (16 km) west-north-west of Swansea and 12 miles (19 km) south-east of the county town, Carmarthen. The town is famous for its proud rugby tradition and is a centre of tinplate production.[3] In the mid 20th century, Llanelli was the largest town in the world where more than half the population spoke a Celtic language.[4] It is ranked the 7th largest urban area in Wales.

Llanelli is also surrounded by a number of villages and communities in the Llanelli Rural district. Some of these communities, more notably those that immediately surround the town, are often unofficially referred to as Llanelli.[5]

Contents

History

see also Timeline of Llanelli history
Parish Church of St. Elli

Historically a mining town, Llanelli grew significantly in the 18th century and 19th century with the mining of coal and later the tinplate industry and steelworks. Many of these industries were served by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway which opened in 1803.

Llanelli became such a significant regional producer of tin that it was referred to as "Tinopolis" by the latter half of the 19th century. The closure of coal mines and competition from overseas steel plants meant that Llanelli, like many other towns in southern Wales, saw significant and sustained economic decline from the late 1970s.

Economy

In 1991 Llanelli was a distinct Travel to Work Area, but the 2001-based revision has merged the locality into a wider Swansea Bay Travel to Work Area.[6]

The area around Llanelli in eastern Carmarthenshire is home to a number of manufacturing companies (including the Corus works at Trostre, and Dyfed Steels), many of which service the automotive industry.[7] The Technium Performance Engineering centre was developed at Llanelli Gate as a business incubator for businesses in the automotive, motorsport and aerospace sectors.[8] The traditional industries of Llanelli have been in gradual decline over recent decades and local government has responded by promoting developments such as the Machynys golf course, new retail parks at Trostre and Pemberton, and the Millennium Coastal Park, to help attract tourism.[9] The core shopping area has now largely relocated from the town centre to the Trostre/Pemberton area.

Brewing

Llanelli has a brewing tradition, with the Felinfoel brewery in Felinfoel, located just outside the town.[10]

Buckley's brewery

The Reverend James Buckley was an ordained Methodist minister, born in Oldham, Lancashire in 1770. After moving to Llanelli towards the end of the 18th century, he became involved in the establishment of a small brewery in the town. After the death of the owner, the Rev. Buckley came into the possession of the brewery and changed its name to Buckley's Brewery. In 1998, the brewery was purchased by Brains Brewery, and production was transferred to their Cardiff brewery. However, Brains continue to produce The Reverend James, a bitter named in memory of the Reverend.[11] It has now been partly demolished.

Sport

Parc y Scarlets
Stradey Park

Rugby Union — The town's rugby union teams—the Scarlets regional side, competing in the Magners League, and Llanelli RFC, competing in the Principality Premiership—play at Parc y Scarlets, opened in November 2008 just outside of town in Pemberton.

Previously, the two teams had played at Stradey Park, home to Llanelli RFC for over 130 years. It was one of the stadiums used during the 1999 Rugby World Cup, hosting the Argentina v Western Samoa game on October 10. Stradey Park is now being re-developed.

The Welsh folk song Sosban Fach ("Little Saucepan") is mostly associated with Llanelli RFC. Many rugby clubs have notable scalps collected from touring international sides, but on 31 October 1972, Llanelli claimed perhaps the greatest by beating the New Zealand All Blacks. The Scarlets side emerged 9–3[12] winners at Stradey Park.

There is also a strong junior rugby core in Llanelli, including club sides such as Felinfoel, New Dock Stars and the Llanelli Wanderers. In 2005, Coedcae School won the Inter-Schools Cup of Wales with an 8 - 5 victory over Brynteg Comprehensive.

Rugby League — Llanelli's rugby league club are called the West Wales Sharks and play in the Welsh Conference Premier. The Sharks play out of Llanelli Wanderers RFC's home ground of Stradey Park.

FootballStebonheath Park is the home of football club Llanelli A.F.C.. Although Llanelli has a rich rugby heritage, football is also a very popular pastime. As a result there are many active local football teams such Trostre Sports AFC, which is one of the area's best local football teams.

Bowls — Llanelli hosts the annual Llanelli Open Bowls Tournaments, the oldest and most prestigious of which, the Roberts-Rolfe Open Singles event, has been run since 1926, and now has a first prize of £600. These are held from July to September in Parc Howard.

Golf—- The Llanelli area has three golf courses, including the Machynys Peninsula Golf & Country Club,[13] which is and has been the host of the Wales Ladies Championship of Europe since 2005.

Motorsports — The Pembrey Circuit is known as the home of Welsh Motorsport, providing racing for cars, motorcycles, karts and trucks.

Boxing — Llanelli is the home of the former World Junior Kickboxing champion and championship level professional boxer 'Dynamite' Dean Phillips.

Bodybuilding — Llanelli is birthplace and home to IFBB Pro James 'Flex' Lewis, Mr. Olympia 202 competitor and a Gaspari Nutrition athlete.

Media

The town has its own newspaper, the Llanelli Star and a radio station, Scarlet FM. Other stations that cover the area are The Wave, Swansea Sound and sister station Radio Carmarthenshire.

Llanelli is home to Tinopolis, one of the UK's largest independent media producers. The company has many subsidiaries, which produce over 2,500 hours of broadcast television, including English language television programs such as Question Time for the BBC and Welsh language television programs such as Wedi 7 for S4C.[14]

Llanelli was the focus of popular TV show Most Haunted Live in June 2006 for a three-night investigation with Yvette Fielding and David Wells and included a stay at Parc Howard Museum, Llanelly house and Kidwelly castle.

Leisure and tourism

Over the past decade, the emphasis on heavy industry that once played an important part in the district has changed to an emphasis on creating tertiary sector employment in leisure and tourism. Llanelli is now being developed as a leisure and tourism destination, with many ongoing developments such as the new Llanelli Scarlets rugby stadium, the Old Castle Works leisure village (see below) and a National Hunt racecourse at Ffos Las near Trimsaran[15]

Local attractions

Millennium Coastal Path near Llanelli

Some local attractions include:

Leisure

Theatre Elli, the town's only theatre, is part of the Llanelli Entertainment Centre.[18] It is one of the few recreational facilities in the town at the moment, however there are plans currently under development for a multi-screen cinema, an arts theatre (likely to replace Theatre Elli) and ten pin bowling on the former Old Castle Works site located near North Dock and Sandy.[19] Millions of pounds are also being spent on regenerating the town centre shopping district.[20] These plans are in addition to Parc y Scarlets.

Throughout the year, there are many festivals, carnivals and events held in or near Llanelli. Some of these include:

  • Welsh International Open, a competition of the World Bowls Tour (February)
  • Llanelli half marathon[21] (March)
  • Llanelli triathlon — Organised by Clwb Triathlon Llanelli[22] (May)
  • Wales Ladies Championship of Europe — golf tournament[23] (August)
  • Into the Future Festival — educational event about the environment and technology, organised by the county council[24] (August)
  • Llanelli Big Day Out — pop and live music event[25] (August)
  • Llanelli Beer Festival — official CAMRA event[26] (August)
  • Llanelli Christmas Carnival (November)

Location

The town lies on the river Lliedi, although much of the river is not visible, most especially in the town centre, where the river is completely covered by roads and buildings.

Transport

Llanelli is located on the south coast of West Wales, but is linked to many national locations via good road, rail and air services. The town is linked to the M4 motorway via the A4138. There is also a link to Swansea via the Loughor bridge on the A484. Llanelli is served by regular local bus services between Swansea and Carmarthen and National Express Coaches between many major UK destinations.

Rail provides an important link to the town from Llanelli railway station which is located at Great Western Crescent south of the town centre. The station is connected to Fishguard and Swansea along the West Wales Line. The station is also the terminus of the Heart of Wales Line, which connects the town to Mid Wales and Craven Arms, and then Shrewsbury via the Welsh Marches Line. There are twice daily train services connecting the town with London Paddington and regular services to Cardiff Central, and Manchester Piccadilly. The district of Llanelli is also served by four local railway stations at Bynea, Llangennech, Burry Port and Kidwelly.

Cycling to Llanelli is another option as the town is connected to the National Cycle Network from the north on NCR 43, and along the coast from the east and west on NCR 4.[27] These routes are directly connected to the town centre via a cycle path.

The nearest passenger airport is Cardiff International Airport (50 miles) although there is a nearby minor airport at Pembrey.

Education

Primary and secondary

The first Welsh-medium primary school, Ysgol Dewi Sant, was established in Llanelli in 1947. However, the majority of children in Llanelli attend English-medium schools. The English medium secondary schools are St. John Lloyd's, Bryngwyn, Glan-y-Môr (Burry Port), and Coedcae; the only Welsh medium secondary school is Ysgol Gyfun y Strade. There is also a special school for children with disabilities, Ysgol Heol Goffa, and a private school, St. Michael's, based in the Bryn area.

Further and higher education

Coleg Sir Gâr (Carmarthenshire College) has its main campus at Graig near Pwll. It provides a college education for most of the towns further education students as well as a limited variety of vocational undergraduate degrees through the University of Wales. There are also sixth form collages at Ysgol Gyfun y Strade (Welsh medium) and St. Michael's (English medium).

Prince Phillip Hospital is also home to a postgraduate centre for medical training run by Cardiff University's School of Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education.[28]

Etymology of Llanelli

Pronunciation and spelling

The town's name is often mispronounced by non Welsh people, particularly those from outside the UK. The "ll"s in the name are pronounced as voiceless alveolar lateral fricatives (IPA symbol [ɬ]), a phoneme that does not exist in English. In England, where many people are aware that "ll" is not the same as "l" but are unable to pronounce it quite correctly, it is common to hear "Llanelli" approximated as "Clanethli".

'Llanelli' or 'Llanelly'

The spelling 'Llanelly' is an anglicised form which was used in government and official documents until 1965. This is evident in the name of the local historic building, 'Llanelly House'. It can also lead to confusion with the village and parish, Llanelly, which is in south-east Wales near Abergavenny.

Government

Llanelli (Political)
Mayor Cllr. John Jenkins
Carmarthenshire County Council
Leader Cllr. Meryl Gravell
County
Councillors
(Ward)
Cllr. D. Thomas (Bigyn)
Cllr. M.J.P. Burns (Bigyn)
Cllr. J.P. Jenkins (Elli)
Cllr. J.E. Jones (Glanymor)
Cllr. W.J. Lemon (Glanymor)
Cllr. T Devichand (Dafen)
Cllr. K.D. Rees (Lliedi)
Cllr. P.H. Lewis (Lliedi)
Cllr. K.P. Thomas (Tyisha)
Cllr. R.T. Price (Tyisha)
United Kingdom Parliament
Nia Griffith Labour
National Assembly for Wales
Helen Mary Jones Plaid Cymru
Llanelli Town Hall

Llanelli is within the Llanelli parliamentary constituency, which is presently represented by the elected Labour party member Nia Griffith MP, and the National Assembly for Wales constituency, which is represented by Plaid Cymru's Helen Mary Jones AM. Llanelli is run on a community level by Llanelli Town Council and Llanelli Rural Council (depending on the area of town) and Carmarthenshire County Council on a local government level. Note that Llanelli Rural Council addresses some part of the town, but mainly the Llanelli Rural community. Recently, there have been many decisions made by the Carmarthenshire authorities, including the Carmarthenshire County Council and Local Health Board that have been very unpopular and damaging to the communities of Llanelli. In reaction to this, there have been calls to reinstate the local government district of Llanelli either as a county or as the City of Llanelli, making the entire area independent of Carmarthenshire.

Twinning

Llanelli is twinned with the France French town of Agen.

Town areas

Current developments

Llanelli Waterside

Llanelli Waterside, a joint venture between Carmarthenshire County Council and the Welsh Assembly Government, is a project that aims to drive the regeneration of the Llanelli area by transforming the waterfront into a business, leisure and residential community. Currently, there are two seafront housing developments under construction. Pentre Nicklaus Village, located on the Machynys Peninsula has been the subject of recent criticism for being above the price range of local people. Pentre Doc Y Gogledd (North Dock Village) in the historic North Dock area is currently being developed by David Mclean homes and is currently on the last phase of development.

Famous citizens

Sports

Government and politics

Media and entertainment

Other

Trivia

  • People from Llanelli are sometimes nicknamed "Turks". The origin of this name is uncertain. One theory is that many Turkish sailors once called at the port of Llanelli during their voyages.
  • During the 1950s, Trefor and Eileen Beasley campaigned to get Llanelli Rural Council to distribute tax papers in Welsh by refusing to pay taxes until their demand was met. The council reacted by sending in the bailiffs and selling their furniture to recover the money owed. Fortunately, their neighbours bought the furniture and returned it to them. The council finally reversed this policy during the 1960s when they accepted that the Welsh language should be equal with the English language.

References

External links

Government

Local media

Other

Education


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Llanelli is a town in Carmarthenshire.

Understand

With a population of around 45,000, Llanelli is the largest town in the county of Carmarthenshire and is located on the Burry Estuary, 13 km west of the city of Swansea. Amongst other things, it is famous for its proud rugby and brewing traditions.

Llanelli is an industrial town offering two large shopping complexes: Parc Trostre - an the out-of-town shopping centre and St.Elli - located in the town centre.

Although the town itself has a dearth of tourist attractions, its location in south Carmarthenshire makes it a possible base for visit surrounding scenic spots such as the Millennium Coastal Path and Pembrey Country Park.

Get in

By plane

Pembrey Airport is 7km from the town - private flights only

By car

The town is linked to the M4 motorway via the A4138.

By bus

Llanelli is served by regular local bus services between Swansea and Carmarthen and National Express Coaches between many major UK destinations.

By train

Llanelli railway station is located at Great Western Crescent south of the Town Centre. The station is connected to Fishguard and Swansea along the West Wales Line. The station is also on the Heart of Wales Line, which links the town to Mid Wales and Shrewsbury.

By bicycle

Llanelli is connected to the National Cycle Network from the north on NCR 43, and along the coast from the east and west on NCR 4.[10] These routes are directly connected to the town centre via a cycle path.

Get around

Walking is the best way to get around Llanelli as it is not a large city like Swansea.

  • WWT National Wetlands Centre - a wetland nature reserve managed by the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust. It is located about 1km from the town
  • Llanelly House - an early 18th century Georgian town house built in 1714 - currently under renovation
  • Park Howard Museum - located in the grounds of Park Howard. The museum houses a collection of Llanelli Pottery, various piecs of art and material related to the history of the town.

Stradey Park- Home to Llanelli Scarlets, a professional rugby union team in the Magners League, that have a very strong rugby history. The Scarlets have moved to their new ground Parc y Scarlets near Pemberton, yet Stradey park is very much the home of the Scarlets, even if they don't play there anymore.

Buy

The town centre offers a wide range of stores with many of the national chains represented, such as WH Smith, Boots, Woolworths, Marks and Spencer, Burtons etc.

There is also an out-of-town retail park called Parc Trostre, which has a BHS, HMV, JJB, Next, Boots, New look, Comet, Currys, Brantanos, Halfords, Carpet Right, Outfit, TK Maxx, Debenhams, Carphone Warehouse, First Choice Hypermarket, B&Q (one of the largest in Wales), Pets at home, Dreams and Tesco Extra, Starbucks, Pizza Hut, Subway, KFC, and McDonalds. The latest shop to open here is Marks and Spencer with the town centre store to close down in early January 2008. Shops to come are a Monsoon & Accessorize and WHSmith with the town centre store to also close in 2008. This retail park is currently being expanded.

Another out-of-town retail park is currently being built right next to Parc Trostre which is Parc Pemberton part of the new Llanelli Scarlets Stadium development. A Morrisons is already open there which started trading late 2007. Stores that are reportedly going there are a Homebase or Focus, Bensons Beds and an Argos Extra store.

Eat

About 1 mile from Llanelli, in the village of Furnace, can be found The Farriers pub. This serves wonderful meals in the evening & lunchtimes, with the chef having been a recent participant in a Welsh language cookery programme.

Drink

The famous Felinfoel brewery is in the village of Felinfoel 1 mile N of the town. Try the Double Dragon draught. There are numerous pubs in Llanelli. The main clubs/bars for the younger generations are Tom Peppers, and Le Caprice, and there are tens of other pubs that would be frequented by the local crowd, especially on a Friday and Saturday night.

  • Trepartridge Cottage, Trimsaran Road, 01554 810424, [1]. checkin: sat 3pm; checkout: sat 10am. Self catering cottage sleeps 6 quiet location yet within short distance to llanelli, new Ffos Las racecourse, Pembrey country park. Short breaks, dogs welcome, ample parking £150 -£650pw.  edit
  • Hotel Miramar, 156/158 Station Road. Tel:+44 1554 754-726 Fax:+44 1554 772-454
  • Stradey Park Hotel, Furnace, Tel:+44 1554 758-171, E-mail:reservations@stradeyparkhotel.com, [2].

Get out

See the Swansea Bay article for highlights of the surrounding area

  • The Millennium Coastal Path - a path that runs along the 21km of coastline from Loughor to Pembrey. It offers panoramic views of the Gower Peninsula and traffic-free cycling opportunities.
  • Pembrey Country Park - a 2 km² (500 acres) of parkland situated on the outskirts of the town; it includes the 13km long Cefn Sidan beach.
  • Kidwelly Castle, Kidwelly. (approx. 10 miles west of Llanelli)
  • Burry Port Marina (approx. 5 miles west of Llanelli)
  • National Botanic Garden of Wales (approx. 10 miles north of Llanelli)
  • Swansea and the Gower Peninsula - a thirty minute drive.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /ɬəˈnɛɬi/, /K@"nEKi/ (Note: AHD does not seem to have a symbol for the Welsh consonant "ll".)

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Llanelli

  1. a coastal town in Carmarthenshire, Wales







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