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Local Government Act 1985: Wikis

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The Local Government Act 1985 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Its main effect was to abolish the county councils of the metropolitan counties that had been set up in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, along with the Greater London Council that had been established in 1965.

The core provision, section 1, stated that "the Greater London Council; and the metropolitan county councils" shall cease to exist.

It came into effect on 1 April 1986, with some powers being devolved to the metropolitan boroughs themselves and London boroughs and others to joint authorities (such as for fire or police purposes) consisting of members of each of the metropolitan district councils within each county. The measures enacted by the act had been proposed in the white paper Streamlining the cities in 1983. At the time of the Act, one third of the population of England were living in Greater London and the metropolitan counties.[1]

Time-limited Residuary Bodies were created to handle the disposal of the councils' assets.

Part III of the Act also set up the Inner London Education Authority, which had previously been a committee of the GLC responsible for education in Inner London, as a directly-elected body. This was to remain in existence for only three years.

The Act was passed by Margaret Thatcher's government after a series of high-profile disputes between the councils and the central government.

References

  1. ^ Hampton, W., Local Government and Urban Politics, (1991)

Bibliography

  • Local Government Act 1985, 1985 c. 51
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Simple English

The Local Government Act 1985 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Its main effect was to abolish the county councils of the metropolitan counties that had been set up in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, along with the Greater London Council that had been established in 1965.

The main provision, section 1 stated that "the Greater London Council; and the metropolitan county councils" shall not exist anymore.

It came into effect on April 1, 1986. The metropolitan boroughs and London boroughs got some of the powers of the former institutions, but others went to central government. At the time of the Act, one third of the population of England were living in Greater London and the metropolitan counties.[1]

The act established a system of joint-boards to take over some of the functions of the abolished councils in the metropolitan counties and in Greater London. The joint-boards had councillors appointed by the boroughs.

The Act was passed by Margaret Thatcher's government after a series of disputes between the councils and the central government.

References

  1. Hampton, W., Local Government and Urban Politics, (1991)
  • Local Government Act 1985, 1985 c. 51

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