The Full Wiki

Local Government Areas of Australia: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Local Government Areas of Australia

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Administration office of the Berrigan Shire Council in the Riverina

Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled by each individual Local Government.

There is some confusion as to the status of Local Government in Australia as it is not mentioned in the Commonwealth Constitution. The 1988 referendum included an amendment to explicitly insert mention of local government in the Commonwealth constitution, this amendement was defeated. However all six State Constitutions make mention of Local Government. The Northern Territory is a unique case whereby they have enacted a Local Government Act that the Federal Government could repeal if they wished to, however as Local Governments operate successfuly in all of the States this is unlikely.

State Governments are responsible for the legislation creating it, and ultimately for supervision. Funding is sometimes provided by State Governments, sometimes by the Federal Government. However, in recent years State governments have increasingly been devolving powers onto LGAs. For example, in Queensland LGAs have been granted the power to independently enact their own (local) legislation (referred to as "Local Laws"), in contrast to the previous system of by-laws.

The generic names of Local Governments vary from state to state; examples include Borough, City, District, Municipality, Region, Rural City, Shire and Town. Many local government areas in New South Wales and some in South Australia no longer possess legal status such as Shire or Municipality, but are simply known as "Areas", and their councils simply "Councils", e.g. Burwood Council instead of Burwood Municipal Council. There are currently about 700[1] Local Government Areas in Australia.

The creation and delimitation of LGAs is the responsibility of the state and territory Governments. In all states and the Northern Territory each incorporated area has an official status.

Another term used, especially for the LGA governing bodies, is G3, meaning the third level of Government in Australia. Commonwealth, State, and LGA. G3 is difficult to accurately place in the structure of Australian Government.[citation needed]

Contents

By state/territory

Advertisements

New South Wales

Map of Local government areas in New South Wales

There are 152 LGAs in New South Wales, plus the Unincorporated Far West, and Lord Howe Island, which is also unincorporated, although governed by the Lord Howe Island Board. LGAs may be designated cities, municipalities, shires, regions, or have no designation, but in legislation all LGAs are classified as either Cities (C) or Areas (A) (all other types).

Northern Territory

Map of Local government areas in Northern Territory

There are 17 LGAs in the Northern Territory, plus unincorporated areas in the Darwin region and the Central Australian region. LGAs are designated as municipalities and shires, regions, or have no designation, but in legislation all LGAs are classified as either Cities (C), Towns (T) and shires (S). There are only councils which are considered municipalities.

Queensland

Map of Local government areas in Queensland

There are 73 LGAs in Queensland, including the Aboriginal councils which have full Shire Council status from January 2007. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Shires (S), Towns (T) and Island Councils (IC)

South Australia

Map of Local government areas in South Australia

There are 69 LGAs in South Australia. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC). The Outback Areas Community Development Trust covers more than half the state, but is not in any LGA.

Tasmania

Map of Local government areas in Tasmania

There are 29 LGAs in Tasmania. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)

Victoria

Map of Local government areas in Victoria

There are 79 LGAs in Victoria, with LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B) and Shires (S). There is only one borough (the only one in Australia), the Borough of Queenscliffe.

Western Australia

Map of Local government areas in Western Australia

There are 143 LGAs in Western Australia, which include Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Towns (T) and Shires (S)

Other territories

The Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory and the external territories do not have Local Government Areas distinct from their territorial governments.

See also

References

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

File:EurobodallaShireOffices.jpg
Offices of the Eurobodalla Shire Council in Moruya, New South Wales
File:BerriganShireOffice.JPG
Administration office of the Berrigan Shire Council in the Murray region of the Riverina
File:Caboolture Shire Council.JPG
Office of the Caboolture Shire Council in Caboolture, Queensland

Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled by each individual local government.

Contents

Names

The generic names of Local Governments vary from state to state; examples include Borough, City, District, Municipality, Region, Rural City, Shire and Town. Many local councils in New South Wales and some in South Australia no longer possess a classifier such as Shire or Municipality, but are simply known as Council, e.g. Manly Council or Waverley Council. This is due to the phenomenon in some regional variants of Australian English of referring to the geographic area belonging to a local government as a council, when in other countries this word refers only to the board of elected politicians that administers local government affairs.

In this wiki we propose to use the council names exactly as Wikipedia has them wherever there is no ambiguity. The names nearly all indicate something about government and are therefore partly distinguishable from geographic names such as those of towns and regions.

Creation and powers

There are currently over 600 Local Government Areas in Australia.

The creation and delimitation of LGAs is the responsibility of the state and territory Governments. In all states and the Northern Territory, each incorporated area has an official status.

Another term used, especially for the LGA governing bodies, is G3 for the third level of Government in Australia: Commonwealth, State, LGA. G3 is difficult to accurately place in the structure of Australian Government; it is not mentioned in the Commonwealth Constitution, nor in most State Constitutional Law. State Governments are responsible for the legislation creating it, and ultimately for supervision. However, recent years have seen State governments increasingly devolving powers onto LGAs, as for example in Queensland where LGAs have been granted the power to independently enact their own (local) legislation, in contrast to the previous system of by-laws.

By state/territory

New South Wales

Map of Local government areas in New South Wales

There are 152 LGAs in New South Wales, plus

  • the Unincorporated Far West
  • Lord Howe Island, which is also unincorporated, although governed by the Lord Howe Island Board.

LGAs may be designated cities, municipalities, shires, regions, or simply "councils". LGAs are classified in legislation as either Cities (C) or Areas (A) (all other types).

Northern Territory

File:Northern Territory LGA.jpg
Map of Local government areas in Northern Territory
Main article: Local Government Areas of the Northern Territory

There are 63 LGAs in the Northern Territory, although only 6 of the councils are considered municipalities. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Towns (T), Community Government Councils (CGC), and Shires (S).

Queensland

File:Queensland Local Government Areas.png
Map of Local government areas in Queensland
Main article: Local Government Areas of Queensland

There are 73 LGAs in Queensland, including the Aboriginal councils, which have full Shire Council status from January 2007. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Shires (S), Towns (T), and Island Councils (IC)

South Australia

File:South Australia Local Government Areas.svg
Map of Local government areas in South Australia
Main article: Local Government Areas of South Australia

There are 69 LGAs in South Australia. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC), and Aboriginal Councils (AC). The Outback Areas Community Development Trust covers more than half the state, but is not in any LGA.

Tasmania

File:Tasmania Local Government Areas.svg
Map of Local government areas in Tasmania
Main article: Local Government Areas of Tasmania

There are 29 LGAs in Tasmania. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)

Victoria

File:Victoria Local Government Areas.svg
Map of Local government areas in Victoria

There are 79 LGAs in Victoria, with LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B), and Shires (S). There is only one borough (the only one in Australia), the Borough of Queenscliffe.

Western Australia

File:Western Australia Local Government Areas.svg
Map of Local government areas in Western Australia
Main article: Local Government Areas of Western Australia

There are 144 LGAs in Western Australia, including Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Towns (T), and Shires (S)

Other territories

The Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, and the external territories do not have Local Government Areas distinct from their Territory governments.

See also

  • Australian Local Government Association
  • Local government in Australia

External links

Template:Articles on second-level administrative divisions of Oceanian countries

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
Facts about Local Government Areas of AustraliaRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Local Government Areas of Australia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message