Loch Ness Monster: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Loch Ness Monster
(Nessie
Niseag[1] (Scottish Gaelic)
The LNM
"Nessiteras rhombopteryx")
Pict2551-Monster-640x480.jpg
Photomontage of the monster
Creature
Grouping Cryptid
Sub grouping Lake monster
Data
First reported 565 (retrospectively),[2]
1933 (chronologically)
Country Scotland
Region Loch Ness
Habitat Water
.The Loch Ness Monster is a debated, mythical creature, most commonly speculated to be from a line of long-surviving plesiosaurs,[3] that is reputed to inhabit Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland and elsewhere, though its description varies from one account to the next.^ It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland.
  • Loch Ness Monster ’spotted’ on Google Earth! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

^ Lake monster , Lake monster - Description , Lake monster - In popular culture , Lake monster - Lakes in which monsters are said to be .

^ Prior to Wilson’s photo, only one description of the monster had mentioned any resemblance to the plesiosaur, and the provider of that description had just seen King Kong —the plesiosaur’s pop-culture debut.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Popular interest and belief in the animal has fluctuated since it was brought to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is anecdotal, with minimal and much-disputed photographic material and sonar readings.^ Popular interest and belief in the animal has fluctuated since it was brought to the world's attention in 1933.
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evidence of its existence is anecdotal, with minimal and much-disputed photographic material and sonar readings.
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, there was little evidence produced that supported the belief that a large, aquatic animal lived in Loch Ness.
  • Dark Destinations - Loch Ness, Scotland 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thecabinet.com [Source type: General]

.The scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth, and explains sightings as a mix of hoaxes and wishful thinking.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Despite this, it remains one of the most famous examples of cryptozoology.^ Along with Sasquatch ( Bigfoot ) and the El Chupacabra , the Loch Ness Monster is one the best most well known moster mysteries of cryptozoology.

.The legendary monster has been affectionately referred to by the nickname Nessie[4] (Scottish Gaelic: Niseag)[1] since the 1950s.^ Loch Ness Monster: Encyclopedia - Loch Ness Monster The Loch Ness Monster, sometimes called "Nessie" or "Ness" (Scottish Gaelic: Niseag) is a mysterious and unidentified animal or group of creatures said to live in Loch Ness, a large deep freshwater loch near the city of Inverness in northern Scotland.

^ A 'monster' that is so famous and so well known that it has even been given an affectionate nickname – Nessie , and has become the main focal point for global cryptozoological studies.
  • Loch Ness Monster@Everything2.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The legendary monster has been affectionately referred to by the nickname Nessie A familiar form of the girl's name Agnes, relatively common in Scotland, e.g.
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Origins

Loch Ness
.The term "monster" was reportedly applied for the first time to the creature on 2 May 1933 by Alex Campbell, the water bailiff for Loch Ness and a part-time journalist, in a report in the Inverness Courier.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Water bailiff , Alex Campbell, claimed that he had seen a mystery creature on the 23-mile loch.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

[5][6][7] .On 4 August 1933, the Courier published as a full news item the claim of a London man, George Spicer, that a few weeks earlier while motoring around the Loch, he and his wife had seen "the nearest approach to a dragon or pre-historic animal that I have ever seen in my life", trundling across the road toward the Loch carrying "an animal" in its mouth.^ It lurched across the road towards the loch some 20 yards away, leaving only a trail of broken undergrowth in its wake.

^ As an example, I would list under " Deer ", the facts that (1) they are known to swim in Loch Ness, (2) in the month of August their horns are small and knob-like, and (3) "evidence" from the past reveals that animals with short horns in Loch Ness have usually been seen in August!
  • Loch Ness Investigation - New Research and Analysis by Dick Raynor 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.lochnessinvestigation.com [Source type: General]

^ Land sightings Although sightings of the creature on land around the loch reputedly date back to the sixteenth century, modern interest in the monster was sparked by a 22 July 1933 sighting, when Mr George Spicer and his wife saw 'a most extraordinary form of animal' cross the road in front of their car.

[8] .Other letters began appearing in the Courier, often anonymously, with claims of land or water sightings, either on the writer's part or on the parts of family, acquaintances or stories they remembered being told.^ Ever since Europeans started traveling to distant lands hundreds of years ago, indigenous people have told stories of monsters, myths, and riches--often in defense of their cultures.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed many of them have not even realised his true nature until they have asked Scott or Cathy who he is and are told that they have been honoured with a sighting of the houses ghost.
  • Loch Ness Monster. Haunted Scotland. Ghosts of Scotland. Haunted Highlands. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.haunted-britain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As you'll know if you're familiar with the literature on the Loch Ness monster - and as you won't if you're not - Nessie is not only seen in the water; there are, in fact, quite a few claimed sightings that were made on land.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[9] .These stories soon reached the national (and later the international) press, which talked of a "monster fish", "sea serpent", or "dragon",[10] eventually settling on "Loch Ness Monster".[11] On 6 December 1933 the first purported photograph of the monster, taken by Hugh Gray, was published,[12] and shortly after the creature received official notice when the Secretary of State for Scotland ordered the police to prevent any attacks on it.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

[13] .In 1934, interest was further sparked by what is known as The Surgeon's Photograph.^ The picture became famous as the 'Surgeon's Photograph' and is one of the best known photographic images in the world.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

.In the same year R. T. Gould published a book,[14] the first of many which describe the author's personal investigation and collected record of additional reports pre-dating the summer of 1933. Other authors have claimed that sightings of the monster go as far back as the 6th century (seen below).^ There have been many claimed sightings of the Loch Ness monster.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ When was the first sighting of the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ If another person asks me if I’ve ever seen the monster I’m going to scream.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

History

Saint Columba

The earliest report of a monster associated with the vicinity of Loch Ness appears in the Life of St. Columba by Adomnán, written sometime during the 7th century.[15] .According to Adomnán, writing about a century after the events he described, the Irish monk Saint Columba was staying in the land of the Picts with his companions when he came across the locals burying a man by the River Ness.^ Saint Columba, an irish monk, saw sightings of it.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed the very first recorded encounter with either Nessie or, more probably, one of her ancient ancestors, occurred in AD 565 when a disciple of the Irish missionary St. Columba, was swimming across the River Ness to fetch a boat for his master.
  • Loch Ness Monster. Haunted Scotland. Ghosts of Scotland. Haunted Highlands. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.haunted-britain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Personally, I hope it is real (the animal in Loch Ness) it is described as huge, think about how many people it could feed!
  • Is the Loch Ness Monster Finally Found? - Strange World - Comcast.net Community 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC community.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They explained that the man had been swimming the river when he was attacked by a "water beast" that had mauled him and dragged him under.^ I stepped forward, rationally explaining how the man had been eating the cookies and drinking the milk I left out for him for years now.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And you have got to think about the people who have dived under to find nessie, (alot of people) and they never find him?!
  • Is the Loch Ness (monster) real? | ASK! 20 September 2009 17:12 UTC blogs.nlb.gov.sg [Source type: General]

.They tried to rescue him in a boat, but were able only to drag up his corpse.^ They told him it was only going to be seen in Europe.
  • Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage | SPIKE 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hearing this, Columba stunned the Picts by sending his follower Luigne moccu Min to swim across the river.^ He was said to have driven away a water monster in the River Ness after one of his followers was attacked swimming across to collect a boat from the other side.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

.The beast came after him, but Columba made the sign of the cross and commanded: "Go no further.^ St Columba immediately made the sign of the cross and bellowed at the beast Think not to go further, nor touch thou that man!
  • Loch Ness Monster. Haunted Scotland. Ghosts of Scotland. Haunted Highlands. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.haunted-britain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (He) raised his holy hand, while all the rest, brethren as well as strangers, were stupefied with terror, and, invoking the name of God, formed the saving sign of the cross in the air, and commanded the ferocious monster, saying, "Thou shalt go no further, nor touch the man; go back with all speed."

Do not touch the man. Go back at once."[16] .The beast immediately halted as if it had been "pulled back with ropes" and fled in terror, and both Columba's men and the pagan Picts praised God for the miracle.^ St Columba immediately made the sign of the cross and bellowed at the beast Think not to go further, nor touch thou that man!
  • Loch Ness Monster. Haunted Scotland. Ghosts of Scotland. Haunted Highlands. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.haunted-britain.com [Source type: Original source]

[16]
.Believers in the Loch Ness Monster often point to this story, which notably takes place on the River Ness rather than the loch itself, as evidence for the creature's existence as early as the 6th century.^ Leaving the loch ness monster to be a mystery.
  • Is the Loch Ness (monster) real? | ASK! 20 September 2009 17:12 UTC blogs.nlb.gov.sg [Source type: General]

^ Has the Loch Ness Monster gone extinct?
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[17] .However, sceptics question the narrative's reliability, noting that water-beast stories were extremely common in medieval saints' Lives; as such, Adomnán's tale is likely a recycling of a common motif attached to a local landmark.^ It is here that Saint Columba is supposed to have encountered his water beast.
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Were you there when Mormon Chris (remember the guy that looked like val kilmer, can't remember his last name) told his story about the hand in the water?
  • Loch Ness Monster and Other Cryptozoology [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .According to the skeptics, Adomnán's story may be independent of the modern Loch Ness Monster legend entirely, only becoming attached to it in retrospect by believers seeking to bolster their claims.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

[17] .Additionally, in an article for Cryptozoology, A. C. Thomas notes that even if there were some truth to the story, it could be explained rationally as an encounter with a walrus or similar creature that had swum up the river.^ There I was, shootin' some golf when this fella comes walkin up to me and goes, "Hey mister!
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because some government policy maker decided that we the people could never rationally deal with it?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some guides also carry portable DVD equipment and other visual aids to help explain the truth about the Loch Ness Monster !
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .R. Binns acknowledges that this account is the most serious of various alleged early sighting of the monster, but argues that all other claims of monster sightings prior to 1933 are highly dubious and do not prove that there was a tradition of the monster before this date.^ There were very few sightings of Nessie before 1933.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There have been many claimed sightings of the Loch Ness monster.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The competition is set to take place next to Loch Ness, where for centuries there have been sightings of a mysterious monster lurking in the water.
  • Scooby-Doo and The Loch Ness Monster - Movie Review 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.commonsensemedia.org [Source type: General]

[6]

Spicers (1933)

.Modern interest in the monster was sparked by the July 22, 1933 sighting, when George Spicer and his wife saw 'a most extraordinary form of animal' cross the road in front of their car.^ The most famous terrestrial sighting is that claimed by Mr and Mrs F. T. G. Spicer in July 1933.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I think the Spicers saw a huddle of deer crossing the road."
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth, and explains sightings as a mix of hoaxes and wishful thinking.
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .They described the creature as having a large body (about 4 feet (1 m) high and 25 feet (8 m) long), and long, narrow neck, slightly thicker than an elephant's trunk and as long as the 10–12-foot (3–4 m) width of the road; the neck had a number of undulations in it.^ It won't be the first time that visitors exploring the castle climbing its narrow circular stairs were positive they saw Nessie's long neck break the gentle waves near the shore.
  • In Search of the Loch Ness Monster - Scotland - Scotland blog | By Scotland Channel 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.scotland.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Mon, 03/24/2008 - 12:54pm reply Email this comment LEE says: The picture looks much like the elephants trunk.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is described as a long necked lake monster with flippers and some also describe horns....
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.They saw no limbs, possibly because of a dip in the road obscuring the animal's lower portion.^ It is not that we don't believe the Monster exist because they haven't found one yet, but because there is no good evidence that the Monster exist.
  • Re: Is the Loch Ness Monster Finally Found? - Strange World - Comcast.net Community 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC community.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .It lurched across the road towards the loch 20 yards (20 m) away, leaving only a trail of broken undergrowth in its wake.^ The road winds through some low hills and across a couple valleys some 20+ miles.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From here the road leaves the loch on its way through Scaniport  and on into Inverness.
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here the road is very close to the level of the loch and a good view is obtained looking across the mouth of Invermoriston bay .
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]
.In August 1933 a motorcyclist named Arthur Grant claimed to have nearly hit the creature while approaching Abriachan on the north-eastern shore, at about 1 am on a moonlit night.^ "In December 1933, Mrs Reid - wife of the Inverfarigag postmaster - claimed to see a remarkable, hairy, hippo-like Loch Ness creature on land.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ One such huntsman, the improbably named Marmaduke Arundel Wetherell, claimed to have found the beast’s footprint on the shore.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In December 1933, Mrs Reid - wife of the Inverfarigag postmaster - claimed to see a remarkable, hairy, hippo-like Loch Ness creature on land.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.Grant claimed that he saw a small head attached to a long neck, and that the creature saw him and crossed the road back into the loch.^ The body was elongate, with a long neck and a very small, indistinct head.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ It crossed a road to get to the loch.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Grant said he dismounted and followed it to the loch, but only saw ripples.^ Firstly there is said to be only one, and it is in the Loch in Scotland.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

[14][20] .However some believe this story was intended as a humorous explanation of a motorcycle accident.^ I not believe in UFO and some strange story for UFO. .
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ UFO, yes i believe in them, some stories are hilarious and some are weighty.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[21]
.In another 1933 sighting, a young maidservant named Margaret Munro supposedly observed the creature for about 20 minutes.^ Such sightings are commonly stated to be a creature about six feet tall at the shoulder.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

She claimed it was about 6:30 am on 5 June, when she spotted it on shore from about 200 yards (180 m). .She described it as having elephant-like skin, a long neck, a small head and two short forelegs or flippers.^ It is described as a long necked lake monster with flippers and some also describe horns....
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ It is described as a long necked lake monster with flippers and somehow...
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The body was elongate, with a long neck and a very small, indistinct head.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.The sighting apparently ended when the creature re-entered the water.^ The creature was apparently half ashore, and at the end of the sighting it curved into a U shape and flopped back into the water, apparently without much of a splash (is that even possible for an animal this size?
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[22]
.Sporadic land sightings continued until 1963, when a poor-quality film of the creature was made from a distance of several miles.^ "Over 4000 sightings have been reported since the creature was first caught on film in 1930".
  • Is the Loch Ness Monster Finally Found? - Strange World - Comcast.net Community 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC community.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The land sightings of Scotland are intriguing, and I got several and also similar ones from my home country, Norway.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[23]

C.B. Farrel (1943)

In May 1943, C. B. Farrel of the Royal Observer Corps was supposedly distracted from his duties by a Nessie sighting. .He claimed to have been about 250 yards (230 m) away from a large-eyed, 'finned' creature, which had a 20-to-30-foot (6 to 9 m) long body, and a neck that protruded about 4–5 feet (1.2–1.5 m) out of the water.^ In 1932 Colonel Fordyce and his wife reported a shaggy-furred, long-legged, long-necked camel-like creature (shown above).
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ They have found out that the Loch can support more life than they originally thought, so why couldn't a deep water creature be surviving in the lake.
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People on every continent claim to have seen the footprints of a large man like the mythological creature we call Bigfoot.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]

Sonar contact (1954)

In December 1954 a strange sonar contact was made by the fishing boat Rival III. .The vessel's crew observed sonar readings of a large object keeping pace with the boat at a depth of 480 feet (146 m).^ On October 11 , 1987, twenty-four boats fitted with sophisticated sonic detectors searched Loch Ness for signs of the monster, and a large moving object was found at a depth of about 60 metres.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ All a single sonar reading does is establish the distance and bearing of an object.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

It was detected travelling for half a mile (800 m) in this manner, before contact was lost, but then found again later.[22] Many sonar attempts had been made previously, but most were either inconclusive or negative.

Photographs and films

The 'Surgeon's Photograph' (1934)

The Surgeon's Photograph
.One of the most iconic images of Nessie is known as the "Surgeon's Photograph". Its importance lies in the fact that it was the only photographic evidence of a “head and neck” – all the others are humps or disturbances.^ The picture became famous as the 'Surgeon's Photograph' and is one of the best known photographic images in the world.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ The wheel bays however do appear to be different (examing of course one poor quality image) which from this eye at least appear to be the only obvious differences.
  • Kandahar's Loch Ness mystery plane returns [Updated] - The DEW Line 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.flightglobal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of the known photographs and drawings of the it look much like a plesiosaurs.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] The image was revealed as a hoax in 1994.[25]
.Supposedly taken by Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London gynaecologist, it was published in the Daily Mail on 21 April 1934.[26] Wilson's refusal to have his name associated with the photograph led to its being called "Surgeon's Photograph".[27] The ripples on the photo fit the size and circular pattern of small ripples as opposed to large waves when photographed up close.^ It was published in the London Daily Mail, and the sensation was instant.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A February 13 article in the UK's Daily Mail reporting the retirement of legendary American Nessie hunter Robert Rines, alerted the world to ...
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Analyses of the original uncropped image have fostered further doubt.^ Problem #3: The flipper photo has been further enhanced since its original enhancement, and the negative of the original, unenhanced image has been lost.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.A year before the hoax was revealed, the makers of Discovery Communications's documentary Loch Ness Discovered analysed the uncropped image and found a white object was visible in every version of the photo, implying it was on the negative.^ Where is the Loch Ness monster found?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Who found the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What animals can be found in Loch Ness?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

."It seems to be the source of ripples in the water, almost as if the object was towed by something", the narrator said.^ The ripples in the picture are of an object rising up in the water, not moving horizontally.
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

"But science cannot rule out it was just a blemish on the negative", he continued. .Additionally, analysis of the full photograph revealed the object to be quite small, only about 60 to 90 cm (2 to 3 ft) long.^ Rather better, perhaps, is Torquil Macleod's 1960 account where a gigantic creature (perhaps 60 ft long) with squarish flippers was watched through binoculars for as long as nine minutes at a distance of about a mile.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[28]
In 1979 it was claimed to be a picture of an elephant (see below). .Other skeptics in the 1980s argued the photo was that of an otter or a diving bird, but after Christian Spurling's confession most agree it was what Spurling claimed - a toy submarine with a sculpted head attached.^ It is a child's toy submarine with a fake head and neck attached to it.
  • Is the Loch Ness Monster Finally Found? - Strange World - Comcast.net Community 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC community.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The claim that the false neck was mounted on a toy submarine implies the sub was used to propel the neck though the water.
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

^ When an investigator tried to reproduce the hoaxer's claim, he found the neck always caused the toy submarine to capsize due to its weight.
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

[28] .Details of how the photo was accomplished were published in the 1999 book, Nessie – the Surgeon’s Photograph Exposed.^ So how do I explain the surgeon's photograph?
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

^ But i do beleive in the Loch Ness Monster, or else, how could other people get the same photos of her head, tail, water ripples, or even Nessie Hereslf!!
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since it obviously isn't the object shown in the more famous photo, the obvious question is how did Wilson manage to photograph two monsters?
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

[29] .Essentially, it was a toy submarine with a head and neck made of plastic wood, built by Christian Spurling, the son-in-law of Marmaduke Wetherell, a big game hunter who had been publicly ridiculed in the Daily Mail, the newspaper that employed him.^ It is a child's toy submarine with a fake head and neck attached to it.
  • Is the Loch Ness Monster Finally Found? - Strange World - Comcast.net Community 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC community.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coincidentally this was the same month that Marmaduke Wetherell was hoaxed by somebody who laid out a false set of tracks probably made with a single hippo foot...
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1994, an accomplice of the foiled monster hunter Marmaduke Arundel Wetherell confessed on his deathbed that the so-called surgeon’s photo was a hoax.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Spurling claimed that to get revenge, Marmaduke Wetherell committed the hoax, with the help of Chris Spurling (a sculpture specialist), his son Ian Marmaduke, who bought the material for the fake Nessie, and Maurice Chambers (an insurance agent), who would call to ask surgeon Robert Kenneth Wilson to offer the pictures to the Daily Mail.^ A February 13 article in the UK's Daily Mail reporting the retirement of legendary American Nessie hunter Robert Rines, alerted the world to ...
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 12 , 1994 , a famous photo by Marmaduke Wetherell , previously touted as 'proof' of the Loch Ness monster, was confirmed to be a hoax.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Coincidentally this was the same month that Marmaduke Wetherell was hoaxed by somebody who laid out a false set of tracks probably made with a single hippo foot...
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[30] .The hoax story is disputed by Henry Bauer,[31] who claims this debunking is evidence of bias, and asks why the perpetrators did not reveal their plot earlier to embarrass the newspaper.^ India on Jul 7, 2007 at 1:31 PM said:   if it exists, why clinching evidence provided so far?
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many facts reveal that these reports are hoaxes and jokes perpetrated for fun, money, and fame.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Connect the World we'll explore both stories and ask why, despite the lack of evidence, we still believe in the existence of supernatural beings, whether out there in space, or deep under the waves.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

He also claimed that plastic wood did not exist in 1934, although it was a popular DIY and modelling material in the early 1930s.[32]
.Alastair Boyd, one of the researchers who uncovered the hoax, argues the Loch Ness Monster is real, and that the hoaxed Surgeon's Photo is not cause enough to dismiss eyewitness reports and other evidence.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

[33]

Taylor film (1938)

.In 1938, G.E. Taylor, a South African tourist, filmed something in the loch for three minutes on 16 mm colour film, which was in the possession of Maurice Burton.^ A visit to the Loch Ness Monster Museum provides photographic evidence to challenge the skeptics including an excellent 8-minute film that explores the Loch, the monster and Urquhart Castle.
  • In Search of the Loch Ness Monster - Scotland - Scotland blog | By Scotland Channel 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.scotland.com [Source type: Reference]

.However, Burton refused to show the film to Loch Ness investigators (such as Peter Costello or the Loch Ness Investigation Bureau).^ A visit to the Loch Ness Monster Museum provides photographic evidence to challenge the skeptics including an excellent 8-minute film that explores the Loch, the monster and Urquhart Castle.
  • In Search of the Loch Ness Monster - Scotland - Scotland blog | By Scotland Channel 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.scotland.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The next day we decide to visit the Loch Ness Lodge’s Loch Ness 2003 Monster Exhibition Centre and watch its film about the monster.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I was either unaware or blind to such bothersome minutiae as I made my way through my boyhood’s Loch Ness Monster books.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

A single frame was published in his book The Elusive Monster; before he retired. Roy P. Mackal, a biologist and cryptozoologist, declared the frame to be "positive evidence".[34] Later, it was shown also to the National Institute of Oceanography, now known as the Southampton Oceanographic Centre. It was agreed by the experts that the film clearly showed an ordinary inanimate object floating in the Loch.

Dinsdale film (1960)

.In 1960, aeronautical engineer Tim Dinsdale filmed a hump crossing the water in a powerful wake unlike that of a boat.^ Returning to the main road we continue east above the Hydro plant and past the Foyers Hotel where Tim Dinsdale stayed during his 1960 visit.
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ironically, as careful viewing of the film of the disaster perhaps demonstrates, if Cobb had not reduced power when he began to hit the wake he may well have ridden through the disturbance.
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the owner of the Foyers Hotel who went out in his boat so that Tim could obtain a comparison film.
  • Inverness Tours of Loch Ness and the Scottish Highlands with specialist History, Heritage and Clan Guides. 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.loch-ness.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .JARIC declared that the object was "probably animate".[36] Others were sceptical, saying that the "hump" cannot be ruled out as being a boat,[37] and claimed that when the contrast is increased a man can be clearly seen in a boat.^ Others have speculated that the object could be a boat, a whale, a nuclear submarine that had lost its bearings, or Gordon Brown, who has recently been seen as rarely as Nessie, out for an early-morning swim.
  • Loch Ness Monster - Google Earth Community 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One man I know claimed to have had a sighting - but when he described it to me, it became obvious that in anyother lake or river he would have recognised it as being due to submerged vegetation and thought nothing more of it, but because it was Loch Ness he thought he'd probably seen evidence of the monster.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ People on every continent claim to have seen the footprints of a large man like the mythological creature we call Bigfoot.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38]
.In 1993 Discovery Communications made a documentary called Loch Ness Discovered that featured a digital enhancement of the Dinsdale film.^ Who discovered the Loch Ness Monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth, and explains sightings as a mix of hoaxes and wishful thinking.
  • Is There REALLY A Loch Ness Monster 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Really: photos of the Loch Ness monster The sad death of the Lake Khaiyr monster Best lake monster image ever: the Mansi photo Filming Migo, the monster of Lake Dakataua A 'lake monster' caught on film at Lake Champlain Refs - - .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

A computer expert who enhanced the film noticed a shadow in the negative which was not very obvious in the positive. .By enhancing and overlaying frames, he found what appeared to be the rear body, the rear flippers, and 1-2 additional humps of a plesiosaur-like body.^ The image on the surface of the 22-mile Scottish loch is 65ft long and appears to have an oval body, a tail and four legs or flippers.
  • Loch Ness Monster ’spotted’ on Google Earth! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

.He said that: "Before I saw the film, I thought the Loch Ness Monster was a load of rubbish.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Having done the enhancement, I'm not so sure".[33] Some have countered this finding by saying that the angle of the film from the horizontal along with sun's angle on that day made shadows underwater unlikely.^ Bobbing along at a depth of 754 feet, it's unlikely these balls of Loch Ness will ever see the light of day again."
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do not think there has been sufficient evidence to suggest the existence of this creature, but sure do think it says some interesting stuff about our society.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HelpDeskChick : Bobbing along at a depth of 754 feet, it's unlikely these balls of Loch Ness will ever see the light of day again."
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .Believers (and some non-believers) claim the shape could have been undisturbed water that was only coincidentally shaped like a plesiosaur's rear end.^ Another Nessie expert Adrian Shine believes the sightings could be attributed to giant sub-surface water movements.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Some experts believe Nessie may be a Plesiosaur, an extinct marine reptile with a shape like the Google image.
  • Loch Ness Monster ’spotted’ on Google Earth! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

^ And then there is Father Gregory Brusey, a Benedictine monk, who claimed to have seen a plesiosaur-like animal in 1971.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[40] .But the same source also says that there might be a smaller object (hump or head) in front of the hump causing this.^ It adds: "There is no evidence that 'solid' objects exist which could cause a collision hazard."
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40] Nonetheless, the enhancement did show a smaller second hump and possibly a third hump.

Holmes video (2007)

.On 26 May 2007, Gordon Holmes, a 55-year-old lab technician, captured video of what he said was "this jet black thing, about 45 feet (14 m) long, moving fairly fast in the water."^ The videos all show the same shape in the water, they all swam fast and left the same water rings.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nov 3, 2005 at 10:45 AM said:   i think you chould take a video of the loch ness monster .
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 17th, 2009 2146 GMT Years ago, while flying a KC-135 in northern Maine, I never saw any thing, but the radar controller said that we were being followed for about one hour in the local pattern.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Adrian Shine, a marine biologist at the Loch Ness 2000 centre in Drumnadrochit, has watched the video and plans to analyse it.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ Nov 3, 2005 at 10:45 AM said:   i think you chould take a video of the loch ness monster .
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have already been told that Adrian Shine’s film is a Frontline episode compared to what we are about to watch, and I ask the lady at the ticket booth which film is better.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Shine also described the footage as among "the best footage [he has] ever seen."^ But the monster seen by locals—who are in possession of what Shine describes as the “Highlander’s eye”—has almost always been said to resemble an “upturned boat,” which is harder to explain away.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[41] .BBC Scotland broadcast the video on 29 May 2007.[42] STV News' North Tonight aired the footage on 28 May 2007 and interviewed Holmes.^ North carolina on Jun 15, 2007 at 7:42 PM said:   Me and my cousin have done a lot of research on the lochness and we think it absoultly real!
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marie from New Orleans on Nov 6, 2007 at 8:51 PM said:   OMG LINA YOU HAVE TO SEND ME THAT VIDEO!!!
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fia from Hmph on May 29, 2007 at 7:36 AM said:   I think it's photoshopped...
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this feature, Adrian Shine of the Loch Ness Centre was also interviewed and suggested that the footage in fact showed an otter, seal or water bird.^ The next day we decide to visit the Loch Ness Lodge’s Loch Ness 2003 Monster Exhibition Centre and watch its film about the monster.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No, I'm sticking with my theory that the Loch Ness Monster is some type of dragon that has evolved to eat water, or possibly magic.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We were on a boat in the middle of Loch Ness and he swears to this day that he saw "something" beneath the water.
  • Loch Ness Monster and Other Cryptozoology [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.Holmes's credibility has been doubted by an article on the Cryptomundo website,[44] which states that he has a history of reporting sightings of cryptozoological creatures, and sells a self-published book and DVD claiming evidence for fairies.^ Expeditions in 1980, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1990, and 1992 claimed sightings and close calls, but provided no hard evidence of Mokele-Mbembe.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such sightings are commonly stated to be a creature about six feet tall at the shoulder.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ There have been many reports of large footprints and sightings of a large manlike, hairy creature near Mount Everest in the Himalayas.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His video also has no other objects by which to discern size.[45] .The Monster Quest team investigated this video as well in their TV episode "Death of Loch Ness", where they examine evidence that Nessie has died, as well as other photos.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

Searches for the monster

Sir Edward Mountain Expedition (1934)

.Having read the book by Gould,[14] Edward Mountain decided to finance a proper watch in which 20 men with binoculars and cameras were positioned around the Loch from 9 a.m.^ The next day we decide to visit the Loch Ness Lodge’s Loch Ness 2003 Monster Exhibition Centre and watch its film about the monster.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would be delighted if evidence emerged to show the Loch Ness monster was a genuine previously unknown animal - but having read numerous books and articles on it, from both sides of the argument, I think the 'nays' have it.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

to 6 p.m., starting 13 July 1934 and running for five weeks. Some 21 photographs were taken, though none was considered conclusive. .Captain James Fraser was employed as a supervisor, and remained by the Loch afterwards, taking cine film (which is now lost) on 15 September 1934.[46] When viewed by zoologists and professors of natural history it was concluded that it showed a seal, possibly a grey seal.^ He speaks of one attempt to film the loch as “a war of attrition against the law of averages,” and of the “pollen dust of 10,000 summers.” He also takes a frank view of the hoaxes.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[47]

Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau (1962-1972)

.The Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau (LNPIB) was a UK-based society formed in 1962 "to study Loch Ness to identify the creature known as the Loch Ness Monster or determine the causes of reports of it."^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.It later shortened the name to Loch Ness Investigation Bureau (LNIB).^ What is the name of the monster in Loch Ness?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch means lake and Ness is the name of the lake.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The loch ness monster, known by the name "Nessie," is a legend first sighted in 565.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

It closed in 1972. The society had an annual subscription which covered administration. .Its main activity was for groups of self-funded volunteers to watch the loch from various vantage points, equipped with cine cameras with telescopic lenses.^ Unfortunately, the very circumstances that make Nessie watching so popular (the availability of suitable vantage points; the limited size of the lake) are likely to be the undoing of the monster stories.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

Its founders included MP David James and naturalist Peter Scott. From 1965 to 1972 it had a caravan camp and main watching platform at Achnahannet, and sent observers to other locations up and down the loch.[48] According to the 1969 Annual Report of the Bureau,[49] it had 1,030 members, of whom 588 were from the UK. Its directors were listed as Norman Collins (Chairman), Lord Craigmyle, Prof. Roy P. Mackal, R. S. R. Fitter, David James, MP, and Peter Scott.

The LNPIB sonar study (1967-1968)

.Professor DG Tucker, chairman of the Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, England, volunteered his services as a sonar developer and expert at Loch Ness in 1968. The gesture was part of a larger effort helmed by the LNPIB from 1967-1968 and involved collaboration between volunteers and professionals in various fields.^ Neil Clark, Scotland's top dinosaur expert, has come to the conclusion that the famous Loch Ness monster was really a circus elephant.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WLPyromaniac Tiger Woods drives his Buick into a petrol station in a remote part of the Scotish countryside near Loch Ness.
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the Loch Ness monster is a mix between an imphibian, tree eater, snake, and fish.
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tucker had chosen Loch Ness as the test site for a prototype sonar transducer with a maximum range of 800 m (2,600 ft).^ Where was the first siting of the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Then on the web site it said that this guy discovered that the most famous Loch ness "monster" photo, was actually a toy submerine!
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, the man who used sonar to find the Titanic and the Bismarck came up empty at Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The device was fixed underwater at Temple Pier in Urquhart Bay and directed towards the opposite shore, effectively drawing an acoustic 'net' across the width of Ness through which no moving object could pass undetected.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ And as for the plesiosaur the loch ness was closed at that time from the ocean and there was no chance the plesiosaur could have entered, .
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Macleod produced a sketch of his sighting, but it has been argued that there is no way he could have seen what he claimed to with the binoculars he had, given his position on the opposite shore (Binns 1983).
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

During the two-week trial in August, multiple animate targets 6 m (20 ft) in length were identified ascending from and diving to the loch bottom. .Analysis of diving profiles ruled out air-breathers because the targets never surfaced or moved shallower than midwater.^ Let's not rule out anything AT ALL...because that's the intelligent approach.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Elephants can survive there only because their nemesis is kept out, mostly by stringently enforced immigration standards, but also the air fare from Scotland is just killer.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A brief press release by LNPIB and associates touched on the sonar data and drew to a close the 1968 effort:
.The answer to the question of whether or not unusual phenomena exist in Loch Ness, Scotland, and if so, what their nature might be, was advanced a step forward during 1968, as a result of sonar experiments conducted by a team of scientists under the direction of D. Gordon Tucker...^ If the Loch Ness monster exists, it would be in Loch Ness.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Unanswered questions on the Loch Ness Monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Centre and Exhibition Experience - Drumnadrochit has a hi-tech multi-media presentation leading you through seven themed areas and through 500 million years of history, natural mystery and legend.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

.Professor Tucker reported that his fixed beam sonar made contact with large moving objects sometimes reaching speeds of at least 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).^ He described it as a large object, about five to six metres in length, like an upturned boat, rotating as if it was drifting with the wind and then moving away against the current.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

.He concluded that the objects are clearly animals and ruled out the possibility that they could be ordinary fish.^ I have seen many objects in the sky that I could not identify, same as a majority of people in the world, this does not automatically assume they are extraterrestrial in nature.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.He stated: "The high rate of ascent and descent makes it seem very unlikely that they could be fish, and fishery biologists we have consulted cannot suggest what fish they might be.^ A telephoto lens could have been used to make the distances in the image very unrealistic.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other reports claim the UFO made an instantaneous acceleration from zero to a very high rate of speed.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is a temptation to suppose they might be the fabulous Loch Ness monsters, now observed for the first time in their underwater activities!"^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

Andrew Carroll's sonar study (1969)

.In 1969 Andrew Carroll, field researcher for the New York Aquarium in New York City, proposed a mobile sonar scan operation at Loch Ness.^ Book report assignments found me churning out New York Review of Books –style evidential summaries of Whyte’s More Than a Legend, Burton’s The Elusive Monster, Dinsdale’s The Loch Ness Monster, and Mackal’s The Monsters of Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Click here to browse the new [ Loch Ness Monster questions ] or [ All unanswered Loch Ness Monster questions ].
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Inspired by this mysterious legend, the Wonderland Online dev team has a new boss based on this legend, Nessie – the Loch Ness Monster!
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

The project was funded by the Griffis foundation (named for Nixon Griffis, then a director of the aquarium). This was the tail-end (and most successful portion) of the LNPIB's 1969 effort involving submersibles with biopsy harpoons. The trawling scan, in Carroll's research launch Rangitea, took place in October. .One sweep of the loch made contact with a strong, animate echo for nearly three minutes just north of Foyers.^ Superman from Scotland on Aug 23, 2006 at 9:36 AM said:   I went fishing on Loch Ness last weekend and caught one just like it, honest.
  • Loch Ness Monster's great great granddad 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.thelensflare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't think that Nessie is just one monster, but a small population of Loch Ness Monsters.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

The identity of the contact remains a mystery. Later analysis determined that the intensity of the returning echo was twice as great as that expected from a 10-foot (3 m) pilot whale. On returning to the University of Chicago, biologist Roy Mackal and colleagues subjected the sonar data to greater scrutiny and confirmed dimensions of 20 feet (6 m).

Submersible investigations

Earlier submersible work had yielded dismal results. .Under the sponsorship of World Book Encyclopedia, pilot Dan Taylor deployed the Viperfish at Loch Ness on 1 June 1969. His dives were plagued by technical problems and produced no new data.^ In fact, it was his father - Detective-Sergeant Ian Cameron - who had the longest “spotting” of any living man of the Loch Ness Monster - on June 15, 1965.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Book report assignments found me churning out New York Review of Books –style evidential summaries of Whyte’s More Than a Legend, Burton’s The Elusive Monster, Dinsdale’s The Loch Ness Monster, and Mackal’s The Monsters of Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

The Deep Star III built by General Dynamics and an unnamed two-man submersible built by Westinghouse were scheduled to sail but never did. It was only when the Pisces arrived at Ness that the LNPIB obtained new data. .Owned by Vickers, Ltd., the submersible had been rented out to produce The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, a film featuring a dummy Loch Ness Monster.^ What is the creature known as the Loch Ness monster?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What does the Loch Ness monster eat?
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Loch Ness Monster, and it can not be written in percentage.
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.When the dummy monster broke loose from the Pisces during filming and sank to the bottom of the loch, Vickers executives capitalised on the loss and 'monster fever' by allowing the sub to do a bit of exploring.^ Really: photos of the Loch Ness monster The sad death of the Lake Khaiyr monster Best lake monster image ever: the Mansi photo Filming Migo, the monster of Lake Dakataua A 'lake monster' caught on film at Lake Champlain Refs - - .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The next day we decide to visit the Loch Ness Lodge’s Loch Ness 2003 Monster Exhibition Centre and watch its film about the monster.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness Monster is a myth, it has never been seen, all the alleged sightings, photos and film have been scientifically...
  • WikiAnswers - Loch Ness Monster Questions including "What information is available about the creature known as the Loch Ness monster" 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.During one of these excursions, the Pisces picked up a large moving object on sonar 200 feet (60 m) ahead and 50 feet (15 m) above the bottom of the loch.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ These were two close up film sequences, supposedly shot by a Scottish doctor in the mid-1930s, one showing the Loch Ness Monster and the other a sea serpent in Loch Duich, a sea loch on the west coast of Scotland.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Bobbing along at a depth of 754 feet, it's unlikely these balls of Loch Ness will ever see the light of day again."
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Slowly the pilot closed to half that distance but the echo moved rapidly out of sonar range and disappeared.

"Big Expedition" of 1970

.During the so-called "Big Expedition" of 1970, Roy Mackal, a biologist who taught for 20 years at the University of Chicago, devised a system of hydrophones (underwater microphones) and deployed them at intervals throughout the loch.^ Have a look at what's really happening in the depths of the loch with their underwater sonar system.
  • Explore the town home to the Loch Ness Monster | News.com.au 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.news.com.au [Source type: News]

^ In 1913, a German expedition in Congo met a group of indigenous people who told them of a creature they called Mokele-Mbembe.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In early August a hydrophone assembly was lowered into Urquhart Bay and anchored in 700 feet (210 m) of water.^ One witness, conservationist Adrian Shine, told CNN he had seen locals launching balls almost 300 feet into the waters.
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apparently neither can the locals One witness, conservationist Adrian Shine, told CNN he had seen locals launching balls almost 300 feet into the waters.
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Two hydrophones were secured at depths of 300 and 600 feet (180 m). .After two nights of recording, the tape (sealed inside a 44 gallon drum along with the system's other sensitive components) was retrieved and played before an excited LNPIB. "Bird-like chirps" had been recorded, and the intensity of the chirps on the deep hydrophone suggested they had been produced at greater depth.^ We'll never really know what they saw, but one of the most likely suggestions is that it was an otter distorted by heat-haze.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ They were testing instruments to measure the atmosphere, weather balloons, airplane components, and weapon systems.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If people cannot handle other people of different cultures and skin colors, how would they react to other beings from far away planets and star systems?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

In October "knocks" and "clicks" were recorded by another hydrophone in Urquhart Bay, indicative of echolocation. .These sounds were followed by a "turbulent swishing" suggestive of the tail locomotion of a large aquatic animal.^ "There is no compelling evidence whatsoever suggesting that Loch Ness is home to a popular of large undiscovered animals" .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

The knocks, clicks and resultant swishing were believed to be the sounds of an animal echo-locating prey before moving in for the kill. .The noises stopped whenever craft passed along the surface of the loch near the hydrophone, and resumed once the craft reached a safe distance.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ The route then passes interesting canal features until Loch Lochy, where forest tracks take it along the western shore to Laggan Locks.

.In previous experiments, it was observed that call intensities were greatest at depths less than 100 feet (30 m).^ If they are 25 - 30 feet long, each one would need to eat a lot of fish -- more than the lake can support.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Members of the LNPIB decided to attempt communication with the animals producing the calls by playing back previously recorded calls into the water and listening via hydrophone for results, which varied greatly.^ The captain calls the area we are about to cruise into “the most mysterious stretch of water in the world.” On cue we drift into a curtain of fog and rain.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there are so called sea serpents living in Scottish lochs, there must be a lot of common traits to these animals, not aan alien zoo of various species.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Finally, one of the hoax advocates decided the picture must have been snapped just as the sub was thrown into the water.
  • snopes.com: Interesting theory on Loch Ness Monster 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC msgboard.snopes.com [Source type: General]

.At times the calling patterns or intensities changed, but sometimes there was no change at all.^ If they are mammals or reptiles, each one would have to come to the surface to breathe many times a day -- there would be reported sightings all the time.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well about that time I notice that this fella ain't no fella at all.
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mackal noted that there was no similarity between the recordings and the hundreds of known sounds produced by aquatic animals.^ Char argues that in practical terms there is little to no moral difference between suicide-bombing airliners and shelling areas in which civilians live.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Macleod produced a sketch of his sighting, but it has been argued that there is no way he could have seen what he claimed to with the binoculars he had, given his position on the opposite shore (Binns 1983).
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Other than that there were no markings and when the craft accelerated it did so with amazing speed and without a sound.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

."More specifically," he said, "competent authorities state that none of the known forms of life in the loch has the anatomical capabilities of producing such calls."^ Television science show producers such as National Geographic, Discover Channel, History Channel, and Nova, perpetuate the myth of alien life in their television programs.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nessie would make for a more convincing life form if the descriptions weren't at such odds with each other (and if Loch Ness wasn't such an unfit habitat for a colony of large marine animals.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ A local magpie named Alex Campbell used such sightings to write an Inverness Courier article on the possibility of a so-called kelpie, or “waterhorse,” living in the loch.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

Robert Rines's studies (1972, 1975, 2001 and 2008)

.In the early 1970s, a group of people led by Robert H. Rines obtained some underwater photographs.^ Some people think the early Indians hunted them to extinction.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lights and objects people see and photograph are never physical alien spacecrafts with some sort of life form inside.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two were rather vague images, perhaps of a rhomboid flipper (though others have dismissed the image as air bubbles or a fish fin).^ Problem #1: The unenhanced version of this photo does not show a fin but rather a jet of bubbles.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

The alleged flipper was photographed in different positions, indicating movement. .On the basis of these photographs, British naturalist Peter Scott announced in 1975 that the scientific name of the monster would henceforth be Nessiteras rhombopteryx (Greek for "The Ness monster with diamond-shaped fin").^ On December 13, 1975 , a fter Sir Peter Scott suggested the name Nessiteras rhombopteryx for the Loch Ness Monster, London newspapers had a field day with its anagram, "Monster hoax by Sir Peter S".
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ After all, as of 1975, it had a proper name— Nessiteras rhombopteryx —courtesy of the then-president of the World Wildlife Fund, Sir Peter Scott.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the famous underwater photos that earned the monster its scientific name, they are much less than the sum of their suggestive parts.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[50] Scott intended that this would enable Nessie to be added to a British register of officially protected wildlife. Scottish politician Nicholas Fairbairn pointed out that the name was an anagram for "Monster hoax by Sir Peter S".[51][52]
The underwater photos were reportedly obtained by painstakingly examining the loch depths with sonar for unusual underwater activity. .A submersible camera with an affixed, high-powered light (necessary for penetrating Loch Ness's notorious murk) was deployed to record images below the surface.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ Really: photos of the Loch Ness monster The sad death of the Lake Khaiyr monster Best lake monster image ever: the Mansi photo Filming Migo, the monster of Lake Dakataua A 'lake monster' caught on film at Lake Champlain Refs - - .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ We wait for more people to wander in, but as the lights go down Mandy and Char and I are the Loch Ness Cinema’s only patrons.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

Several of the photographs, despite their obviously murky quality, did indeed seem to show an animal resembling a plesiosaur in various positions and lightings. .One photograph appeared to show the head, neck and upper torso of a plesiosaur-like animal.^ The photographs like the one above are fakes.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of the known photographs and drawings of the it look much like a plesiosaurs.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A rarely publicised photograph depicted two plesiosaur-like bodies.^ These ducks swim with most of the body submerged exactly like the object shown in the photograph taken by Sandra Mansi in 1977.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of the known photographs and drawings of the it look much like a plesiosaurs.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another photo seemed to depict a horned "gargoyle head", consistent to that of several sightings of the monster.^ There are, for instance, several types of monster sightings, and in Shine’s view that is how they need to be judged.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The castle is featured in several of the most famous monster photos, and even turns up in In Search of .
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The other underwater photos ("head and neck, "gargoyle head") are logs that have a vaguely monster-like shape brought on by an advanced case of pareidolia.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

Some believe the latter to be a tree stump found during Operation Deepscan.
A few close-ups of what is to be the creature's supposed diamond-shaped fin were taken in different positions, as though the creature was moving. .But the "flipper photograph" has been highly retouched from the original image.^ The famous "flipper" photograph is a highly imaginative retouching of the original - see Dick Raynor's Page for more.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Problem #3: The flipper photo has been further enhanced since its original enhancement, and the negative of the original, unenhanced image has been lost.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Museum of Hoaxes shows the original unenhanced photo.^ Problem #1: The unenhanced version of this photo does not show a fin but rather a jet of bubbles.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Problem #3: The flipper photo has been further enhanced since its original enhancement, and the negative of the original, unenhanced image has been lost.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Team member Charles Wyckoff claimed that someone retouched the photo to superimpose the flipper, and that the original enhancement showed a much smaller flipper.^ Flipper photos (comment 15): as Cameron notes in comment 17, the flipper photos are WITHOUT ANY DOUBT WHATSOEVER retouched pictures of mud and floating silt.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The famous "flipper" photograph is a highly imaginative retouching of the original - see Dick Raynor's Page for more.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.No one is exactly sure how the original came to be enhanced in this way.^ I'm quite sure no one thinks about these things as much as the good people on this forum and the many forums like it.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.On 8 August 1972, Rines' Raytheon DE-725C sonar unit, operating at a frequency of 200 kHz and anchored in Ness at a depth of 35 feet (11 m), identified a moving target (or targets) estimated by echo strength to be 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9 m) in length.^ Bobbing along at a depth of 754 feet, it's unlikely these balls of Loch Ness will ever see the light of day again."
  • FARK.com: (4693842) Beneath the dark waters of Loch Ness lurk... balls. Lots and lots of balls 6 February 2010 12:17 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On October 11 , 1987, twenty-four boats fitted with sophisticated sonic detectors searched Loch Ness for signs of the monster, and a large moving object was found at a depth of about 60 metres.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ On August 11 , 1987 , Austin Hepburn took a series of photos of Loch Ness that appear show something large moving just beneath the surface.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

Specialists from Raytheon, Simrad (now Kongsberg Maritime), and Hydroacoustics, Inc.; Marty Klein of MIT and Klein Associates (a producer of side scan sonar); and Dr. Ira Dyer of MIT's Department of Ocean Engineering were all on hand to examine the data and come to this conclusion. Further, P. Skitzki of Raytheon suggested that the data showed a protuberance, 10 feet (3 m) in length, projecting from one of the echoes. .Mackal proposed that the shape was a "highly flexible laterally flattened tail" or the misinterpreted return from two animals swimming together.^ They described an animal about the size of an elephant wiht a long, flexible neck and a tail like an alligator's.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54]
.In 2001, the Robert Rines' Academy of Applied Science videoed a powerful V-shaped wake traversing the still water on a calm day.^ The videos all show the same shape in the water, they all swam fast and left the same water rings.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The AAS also videotaped an object on the floor of the loch resembling a carcass, found marine clam-shells and a fungus not normally found in fresh water lakes, which they suggest gives some connection to the sea and a possible entry for Nessie.^ The adventure to find Nessie starts on the sparkling waters of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ The original versions are simply of mud on the loch floor and silt floating in the water; the widely publicised versions had flipper shapes 'cut out' of them.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ July 28, 2005 - A water ice lake has been found in a crater near the North Pole of Mars.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[55]
.In 2008, Rines theorised that the monster may have become extinct, citing the lack of significant sonar readings and a decline in eyewitness accounts.^ The Birmingham sonar readings of 1968 are often cited as proof of the monster’s existence, but it is far from clear what exactly was recorded.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Rines undertook one last expedition to look for remains of the monster, using sonar and underwater camera in an attempt to find a carcass.^ Nessy does indeed exist, but it's not one "monster", it's a family of pliosaurs living in underwater caves beneath Loch Ness in Scotland.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

Rines believes that the creature may have failed to adapt to temperature changes as a result of global warming.[56]

Operation Deep Scan (1987)

.In 1987, Operation Deepscan, the biggest sonar exploration of Loch Ness, took place.^ Problem #2: The story does not even take place in Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, the man who used sonar to find the Titanic and the Bismarck came up empty at Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 11 , 1987 , Austin Hepburn took a series of photos of Loch Ness that appear show something large moving just beneath the surface.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

Twenty-four boats equipped with sonar were deployed across the whole width of the lake and they simultaneously sent out acoustic waves. .BBC News reported that the scientists had made sonar contact with a large unidentified object of unusual size and strength.^ It takes multiple contacts to allow the extrapolation necessary to determine an object’s size and shape, and nothing big enough to be the monster has ever been detected.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "A confidential Ministry of Defense report on Unidentified Flying Objects has concluded that there is no proof of alien life forms."
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The researchers decided to return to the same spot and re-scan the area. After analysing the SONAR images, it seemed to point to debris at the bottom of the lake, although three of the pictures were of moving debris. .Shine speculates that they could be seals that got into the lake, since they would be of about the same magnitude as the objects detected.^ Moose had been introduced into scotland for hunting during the 1800s and again more recently, so although they could have persisted from earlier times,it is not necessary to maintain that must be so.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ They are taught that a monkey at a typewriter could punch keys at random and would type President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address if given enough time.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They believe the volcano erupted about 2,000 years ago, and would have burst through its ice covering, producing a burst of steam and rocky debris."
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57]
Darrell Lowrance, sonar expert and founder of Lowrance Electronics, donated a number of sonar units used during Operation Deepscan. .After examining the echogram data, specifically a sonar return revealing a large moving object near Urquhart Bay at a depth of 600 feet (180 m), Lowrance said: "There's something here that we don't understand, and there's something here that's larger than a fish, maybe some species that hasn't been detected before.^ It doesn't lend itself to the Loch Ness plesiosaur theory, though - as I understand it (though I'm not sure) there aren't a whole lot of fish available in the loch, at least not enough for a population of large warm-blooded animals.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An unidentified object is just that, something unidentified, of which there are many.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't think that Nessie is real, although there's something about the idea that captures everyone's imagination.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

I don't know."[58]

Discovery Loch Ness (1993)

In 1993 Discovery Communications began to research the ecology of the loch. .The study did not focus entirely on the monster, but on the loch's nematodes (of which a new species was discovered) and fish.^ Accepting the Loch Ness Monster’s existence, on the other hand, did not mean signing on to any particular pathology, except possibly that of optimism.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then on the web site it said that this guy discovered that the most famous Loch ness "monster" photo, was actually a toy submerine!
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inspired by this mysterious legend, the Wonderland Online dev team has a new boss based on this legend, Nessie – the Loch Ness Monster!
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

.Expecting to find a small fish population, the researchers caught twenty fish in one catch, increasing previous estimates of the loch's fish population about ninefold.^ In fact only one local hotel, the Clansman, offers views of the loch, which they are not shy about broadcasting.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And everything we know to be true about the history and ecology of Loch Ness argues against it holding a breeding population of prehistoric creatures.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Using sonar, the team encountered a kind of underwater disturbance (called a seiche) due to stored energy (such as from a wind) causing an imbalance between the loch's warmer and colder layers (known as the thermocline).^ Moreover, the man who used sonar to find the Titanic and the Bismarck came up empty at Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, the loch, due to its steep V-shaped walls, causes any number of sonar echoes and oddities.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.While reviewing printouts of the event the next day, they found what appeared to be three sonar contacts, each followed by a powerful wake.^ He was not very cooperative with the Army personnel, so they took him to the base where he was detained for three days.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These events were later shown on a program called Loch Ness Discovered, in conjunction with analyses and enhancements of the 1960 Dinsdale Film, the Surgeon's Photo, and the Rines Flipper Photo.^ On March 12 , 1994 , a famous photo by Marmaduke Wetherell , previously touted as 'proof' of the Loch Ness monster, was confirmed to be a hoax.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ These were two close up film sequences, supposedly shot by a Scottish doctor in the mid-1930s, one showing the Loch Ness Monster and the other a sea serpent in Loch Duich, a sea loch on the west coast of Scotland.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Really: photos of the Loch Ness monster The sad death of the Lake Khaiyr monster Best lake monster image ever: the Mansi photo Filming Migo, the monster of Lake Dakataua A 'lake monster' caught on film at Lake Champlain Refs - - .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

Searching for the Loch Ness Monster BBC (2003)

.In 2003, the BBC sponsored a full search of the Loch using 600 separate sonar beams and satellite tracking.^ Moreover, the man who used sonar to find the Titanic and the Bismarck came up empty at Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

The search had enough resolution to pick up a small buoy. .No animal of any substantial size was found whatsoever and despite high hopes, the scientists involved in the expedition admitted that this essentially proved the Loch Ness monster was only a myth.^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And what continent suspiciously has no Loch Ness monster?
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[59]

Explanations

.A variety of explanations have been postulated over the years to account for sightings of the Loch Ness Monster.^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I too used to believe in the Loch Ness monster too.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Loch Ness monster seen on land .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.These may be categorised as: misidentifications of common animals; misidentifications of inanimate objects or effects; reinterpretations of traditional Scottish folklore; hoaxes; and exotic species of large animals.^ I'm convinced that, the occasional hoax aside, most witnesses to the "monster" are honest, and guilty of misidentifying natural animals or objects.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ If there are so called sea serpents living in Scottish lochs, there must be a lot of common traits to these animals, not aan alien zoo of various species.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no compelling evidence whatsoever suggesting that Loch Ness is home to a popular of large undiscovered animals, and these days I'm of the opinion that all claimed sightings represent misidentifications or hoaxes, all made because people expect to see a monster whenever any object or trick of light or shadow is seen on the loch.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

Misidentification of common animals

Bird wakes

.There are wake sightings that occur when the loch is dead calm with no boat nearby.^ The competition is set to take place next to Loch Ness, where for centuries there have been sightings of a mysterious monster lurking in the water.
  • Scooby-Doo and The Loch Ness Monster - Movie Review 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.commonsensemedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Oh, btw there is no proof, that is ZERO percent of a or any dinosaur creatures living in Loch Ness.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mon, 06/04/2007 - 7:40pm reply Email this comment Anonymous says: there is no concrete evidence of lochness existing.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A bartender named David Munro claims to have witnessed a wake which he believed to be a creature zigzagging, diving and reappearing. (There were 26 other witnesses from a nearby car park.)[53] Some sightings describe the onset of a V-shaped wake, as if there were something underwater.[55] Moreover, many wake sightings describe something not conforming to the shape of a boat.[33] Under dead calm conditions, a creature too small to be visible to the naked eye can leave a clear v-shaped wake. In particular, a group of swimming birds can give a wake and the appearance of an object. .A group of birds can leave the water and then land again, giving a sequence of wakes like an object breaking the surface, which Dick Raynor says is a possible explanation for his film.^ As they kick against the current, leaving surprisingly turbulent wakes, they look exactly like Wilson’s plesiosaur.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[60]

Eels

.A giant eel was actually one of the first suggestions made.^ An unsubstantiated comment made by one of the mission leaders about the first photos received back from the May 25, 2008 mission, "Oh, isn't it wonderful?
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Eels are found in Loch Ness, and an unusually large eel would fit many sightings.^ By the same token, science tells us that plesiosaurs, basilosaurs, or other prehistoric creatures suspected of living in Loch Ness would need to: .
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting Catherine Great and horse .
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Yet, as Ellis reminds us, the Loch Ness Monster would be no weirder than many animals we do know exist.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

This has been described as a conservative explanation.[61] .Eels are not known to protrude swanlike from the water and thus would not account for the head and neck sightings.^ Thus, witnesses are not necessarily being unusually dishonest in reporting strange sightings; but we should make allowance for such effects contributing to their accounts of what they experienced.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[62][63] Dinsdale dismissed the proposal because eels move in a side-to-side undulation.[64]
On 2 May 2001, two conger eels were found on the shore of the loch; however, as conger eels are saltwater animals and Loch Ness is a freshwater body of water, it is believed that they were put there to be seen as "Mini-Nessies".[65]

Elephant

.In a 1979 article, California biologist Dennis Power and geographer Donald Johnson claimed that the Surgeon's Photograph was in fact the top of the head, extended trunk and flared nostrils of a swimming elephant, probably photographed elsewhere and claimed to be from Loch Ness.^ No one is claiming that there are elephants in Loch Ness today.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sat, 02/28/2009 - 4:27pm reply Email this comment Sweet Z says: I think Loch Ness monster is a elephant so that might be elephant .
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tue, 03/06/2007 - 6:52am reply Email this comment Anonymous says: The loch Ness monster is so not an elephant.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .In 2006, palaeontologist and artist Neil Clark similarly suggested that travelling circuses might have allowed elephants to refresh themselves in the loch and that the trunk could therefore be the head and neck, with the elephant's head and back providing the humps.^ Sat, 02/28/2009 - 4:27pm reply Email this comment Sweet Z says: I think Loch Ness monster is a elephant so that might be elephant .
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neil Clark, Scotland's top dinosaur expert, has come to the conclusion that the famous Loch Ness monster was really a circus elephant.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps a little bit of the elephants head may also break the surface, and be seen as NEssie's back."
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In support of this he provided a painting.[67]

Resident animals

.When viewed through a telescope or binoculars with no outside reference, it is difficult to judge the size of an object in the water.^ No educational walk-through here: this film is viewed in old-fashioned movie-house grandeur.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She and I ran outside to get a better view of it with a pair of binoculars, and, at that time, I noticed a pulsing red light in the middle of the triangle spaced equidistant from the flashing lights on the triangle's tips!
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Loch Ness has resident otters and pictures of them are given by Binns,[68] which could be misinterpreted.^ One small bone could be picked with the management of the Drumnadrochit Hotel, however, and this concerns its so-called Loch Ness Café Viewing Lounge and Bar.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness 2000 Exhibition Centre was conceived and designed by Adrian Shine, a well-regarded and Galdalf-bearded naturalist who is now a resident of the Loch Ness area.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The most probable method used to fake the Loch Ness Monster picture was with a toy size carving.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Likewise he gives pictures of deer swimming in Loch Ness, and birds which could be taken as a "head and neck" sighting.^ Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting Catherine Great and horse .
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ The sightings are just people that believe in the loch ness monster and want other people to believe in the loch ness monster.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most probable method used to fake the Loch Ness Monster picture was with a toy size carving.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[69]

Seals

.A number of photographs and a video have now been taken which confirm that seals have been present in the loch, for up to months at a time.^ A man has set up a tripod and is photographing the loch.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PLEASE NOTE: I am now completely unable to keep up with email correspondence, due to sheer volume and to time constraints.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I believe it was taken to a museum and carfully inspected and cleaned, where they brushed the bones up a bit and now have them up for display.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70][71] .In 1934 the Sir Edward Mountain expedition analysed film taken the same year and concluded that the monster was a species of seal, which was reported in a national newspaper as "Loch Ness Riddle Solved - Official".[72] A long-necked seal was advocated by Peter Costello for Nessie and for other reputed lake monsters.^ Nessie: The most famous photo of the Loch Ness monster, from 1933.
  • The Loch Ness...elephant? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .R.T. Gould wrote "A grey seal has a long and surprisingly extensible neck; it swims with a paddling action; its colour fits the bill; and there is nothing surprising in its being seen on the shore of the loch, or crossing a road."^ It crossed a road to get to the loch.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ In the same year a couple claimed to have seen a giant slug—a baby lamb improbably dangling from its mouth—crossing the road.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His description is of a long-necked animal that he was unable to identify: he likened it to a cross between a seal and a plesiosaur.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[14] .This explanation would cover sightings of lake monsters on land, during which the creature supposedly waddled into the lake upon being startled, in the manner of seals.^ One man I know claimed to have had a sighting - but when he described it to me, it became obvious that in anyother lake or river he would have recognised it as being due to submerged vegetation and thought nothing more of it, but because it was Loch Ness he thought he'd probably seen evidence of the monster.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ But seriously, would you say, "Yes, sir," upon being asked to go back below the deck while you were viewing an alien spacecraft hovering overhead?
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most accounts of Nessie and other lake monsters describes the creatures as having long necks, legs, and other appendages.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[73] Seals could also account for sonar traces which act as animate objects. Against this, it has been argued that all known species of pinnipeds are usually visible on land during daylight hours to sunbathe,[74] something that Nessie is not known to do. .However seals have been observed and photographed in Loch Ness and the sightings are sufficiently infrequent to allow for occasional visiting animals rather than a permanent colony.^ Are these different descriptions artefactual: the result of various people's attempts to acquaint their sighting with the animal most familiar to them, does it show that different people are misidentifying or misinterpreting various different Loch Ness animals, or does it show that we should simply disregard such reports?
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I try to remember the day I stopped believing in the Loch Ness Monster, the day I realized heaven and earth provided more than enough to think about.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "There is no compelling evidence whatsoever suggesting that Loch Ness is home to a popular of large undiscovered animals" .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

Misidentifications of inanimate objects or effects

Trees

.In 1933 the Daily Mirror showed a picture with the following caption 'This queerly-shaped tree-trunk, washed ashore at Foyers may, it is thought, be responsible for the reported appearance of a "Monster"'.[75] (Foyers is on Loch Ness.^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness monster seen on land .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Book report assignments found me churning out New York Review of Books –style evidential summaries of Whyte’s More Than a Legend, Burton’s The Elusive Monster, Dinsdale’s The Loch Ness Monster, and Mackal’s The Monsters of Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

)
.In a 1982 series of articles for New Scientist, Dr Maurice Burton proposed that sightings of Nessie and similar creatures could actually be fermenting logs of Scots pine rising to the surface of the loch's cold waters.^ Water bailiff , Alex Campbell, claimed that he had seen a mystery creature on the 23-mile loch.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ In the game, Nessie isn’t as fond of the cold waters of the foggy loch as previously thought, and instead prefers the warm, sunny Mediterranean… .
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ As you'll know if you're familiar with the literature on the Loch Ness monster - and as you won't if you're not - Nessie is not only seen in the water; there are, in fact, quite a few claimed sightings that were made on land.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

Initially, a rotting log could not release gases caused by decay, because of high levels of resin sealing in the gas. Eventually, the gas pressure would rupture a resin seal at one end of the log, propelling it through the water—and sometimes to the surface. Burton claimed that the shape of tree logs with their attendant branch stumps closely resemble various descriptions of the monster.[76][77][78]
.Four Scottish lochs are very deep, including Morar, Ness and Lomond.^ Slightly off-topic, but very much Loch Ness-related: legendary Nessie hunter Robert Rines has died .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.Only the lochs with pinewoods on their shores have monster legends; Loch Lomond — with no pinewoods — does not.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ If one does not count the numerous futile sonar scans or the simple fact that a single monster would need to consume more than twice the yearly amount of food than that which exists in the loch, then, no, the monster’s existence has not yet been definitively disproved, though for that only a drained loch would suffice.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet, as Ellis reminds us, the Loch Ness Monster would be no weirder than many animals we do know exist.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

Gaseous emissions and surfactants resulting from the decay of the logs can cause the foamy wake reported in some sightings. Indeed, beached pine logs showing evidence of deep-water fermentation have been found. .On the other hand, there are believers who assert that some lakes do have reports of monsters, despite an absence of pinewoods; a notable example would be the Irish lough monsters.^ August 18th, 2009 1456 GMT I Do Believe there is other Life in the Universe...
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These many reports do not prove Champ is a living lake monster.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 18th, 2009 1248 GMT I saw the Loch Ness Monster and Big Foot talking to some extra-terrestrials just the other day.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[79]

Seiches and wakes

.Loch Ness, because of its long, straight shape, is subject to some unusual occurrences affecting its surface.^ August 18th, 2009 1248 GMT I saw the Loch Ness Monster and Big Foot talking to some extra-terrestrials just the other day.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I should say that Mandy is not as lucky as Char, because, despite my room, I may rank among the unluckier people currently on holiday in or around Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 11 , 1987 , Austin Hepburn took a series of photos of Loch Ness that appear show something large moving just beneath the surface.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

A seiche is a large, regular oscillation of a lake, caused by a water reverting to its natural level after being blown to one end of the lake. The impetus from this reversion continues to the lake's windward end and then reverts back. .In Loch Ness, the process occurs every 31.5 minutes.^ "Two minutes ago I didn't believe in the Loch Ness monster either!"
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Nessie Pays a visit to the surface of Loch Ness and gets video taped in the process.
  • Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage | SPIKE 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[80]
.Boat wakes can also produce strange effects in the loch.^ I know plenty of people—fisherman, boat crewmen—who’ve seen something strange in the loch.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

As a wake spreads and divides from a boat passing the centre of the loch, it hits both sides almost simultaneously and deflects back to meet again in the middle. The movements interact to produce standing waves that are much larger than the original wake, and can have a humped appearance. By the time this occurs, the boat has passed and the unusual waves are all that can be seen.[81][82]

Optical effects

Wind conditions can give a slightly choppy and thus matte appearance to the water, with occasional calm patches appearing as dark ovals (reflecting the mountains) from the shore, which can appear as humps to visitors unfamiliar with the lake. In 1979, Lehn showed that atmospheric refraction could distort the shape and size of objects and animals,[83] and later showed a photograph of a rock mirage on Lake Winnipeg which could represent a head and neck.[84]

Seismic gas

The Italian geologist Luigi Piccardi has proposed geological explanations for some ancient legends and myths. He pointed out that in the earliest recorded sighting of a creature, the Life of St. Columba, the creature's emergence was accompanied "cum ingenti fremitu" (with very loud roaring). .The Loch Ness is located along the Great Glen Fault, and this could be a description of an earthquake.^ No one knows much about this monster, except from the videos and pictures depicting a large dark shadow moving along the surface of Loch Ness.
  • Wonderland Online - Nessie the Loch Ness Monster - MMORPG.com - Your Headquarters for Online Multiplayer Games, WO, RPG Online Games, Online Role Playing Free Games! 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of the material I am familiar with: the Norse and Celtic origins of the waterhorse legend, Loch Ness as Great Britain’s largest lake, the loch’s location at the northern end of the Great Glen fault line, its geological relationship to the connected lochs of Lochy and Linnhe.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting Catherine Great and horse .
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

.Furthermore, in many sightings, the report consists of nothing more than a large disturbance on the surface of the water.^ Small waves are affected more by the surface tension of the water than large waves.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nothing more than mental slavery.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The testimony of witnesses to UFO and Bigfoot sightings are worthless because these people are nothing more than proficient liars.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This could be caused by a release of gas from through the fault, although it could easily be mistaken for a large animal swimming just below the surface.^ A Mars explorer could be sent to drill through the ice into the ground below.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On August 11 , 1987 , Austin Hepburn took a series of photos of Loch Ness that appear show something large moving just beneath the surface.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

[85]
.Binns concludes that it would be unwise to put forward a single explanation of the monster, and probably a wide range of natural phenomena have been mistaken for the monster at times: otters, swimming deer, unusual waves.^ (As a wag once put it: “Log Ness Monster?”) In addition, deer swim across the loch from time to time, and mirages are common.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of the most prominent monster photos can be easily described: nothing, hoax, wave, deer, hoax, nothing, log, bird.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, he adds that this also touches on some issues of human psychology, and the ability of the eye to see what it wants to see.^ Here are some ideas for those of you who realy want to see him: 1) Don,t take a tour boat, take a rowing boat (no engine) 2) Go alone 3) go between 2 & 3am when all other humans sleep.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]

Folklore

.According to the Swedish naturalist and author Bengt Sjögren (1980), present day beliefs in lake monsters such as Nessie are associated with the old legends of kelpies.^ Unfortunately, the very circumstances that make Nessie watching so popular (the availability of suitable vantage points; the limited size of the lake) are likely to be the undoing of the monster stories.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most accounts of Nessie and other lake monsters describes the creatures as having long necks, legs, and other appendages.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Nessie's Inverness-based official fan club has declared today International Loch Ness Monster Day.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

.He claims that the accounts of loch monsters have changed over the ages, originally describing creatures with a horse-like appearance; they claimed that the "kelpie" would come out of the lake and turn into a horse.^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water bailiff , Alex Campbell, claimed that he had seen a mystery creature on the 23-mile loch.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Really: photos of the Loch Ness monster The sad death of the Lake Khaiyr monster Best lake monster image ever: the Mansi photo Filming Migo, the monster of Lake Dakataua A 'lake monster' caught on film at Lake Champlain Refs - - .
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

When a tired traveller would get on the back of the kelpie, it would gallop into the loch and devour its prey. This myth successfully kept children away from the loch, as was its purpose. .Sjögren concludes that the kelpie legends have developed into current descriptions of lake monsters, reflecting modern awareness of plesiosaurs.^ Prior to Wilson’s photo, only one description of the monster had mentioned any resemblance to the plesiosaur, and the provider of that description had just seen King Kong —the plesiosaur’s pop-culture debut.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

In other words, the kelpie of folklore has been transformed into a more realistic and contemporary notion of the creature. .Believers counter that long-dead witnesses could only compare the creature to that with which they were familiar, and they were not familiar with plesiosaurs.^ They could have been more creative in their thinking by offering a one million dollar reward for Champ dead or alive.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These structures are so small, each only 20 to 100 billionths of a meter across (or nanometer, abbreviated nm), that they could only be seen with an advanced electron microscope."
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Media writers, UFO witnesses, and Bigfoot witnesses begin with the idea of duping other people into believing their nonsense, but they get so wrapped up in their lies that they begin to believe it themselves.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86]
.Specific mention of the kelpie as a water horse in Loch Ness was given in a Scottish newspaper in 1879,[87] and was commemorated in the title of a book Project Water Horse by Tim Dinsdale.^ Book report assignments found me churning out New York Review of Books –style evidential summaries of Whyte’s More Than a Legend, Burton’s The Elusive Monster, Dinsdale’s The Loch Ness Monster, and Mackal’s The Monsters of Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting Catherine Great and horse .
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ I was either unaware or blind to such bothersome minutiae as I made my way through my boyhood’s Loch Ness Monster books.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

[88]

Hoaxes

.The Loch Ness monster phenomenon has seen several attempts to hoax the public, some of which were very successful.^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some people who claim to have seen a monster in Loch Ness were simply mistaken.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other hoaxes were revealed rather quickly by the perpetrators, or exposed after diligent research.^ Many facts reveal that these reports are hoaxes and jokes perpetrated for fun, money, and fame.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A few examples are mentioned below.
.In August 1933, Italian journalist Francesco Gasparini submitted what he claims was the first news article on the Loch Ness monster.^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Book report assignments found me churning out New York Review of Books –style evidential summaries of Whyte’s More Than a Legend, Burton’s The Elusive Monster, Dinsdale’s The Loch Ness Monster, and Mackal’s The Monsters of Loch Ness.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1959, he confessed to taking a sighting of a "strange fish" and expanding on it by fabricating eye witness accounts.^ Thus, witnesses are not necessarily being unusually dishonest in reporting strange sightings; but we should make allowance for such effects contributing to their accounts of what they experienced.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

"I had the inspiration to get hold of the item about the strange fish. The idea of the monster had never dawned on me, but then I noted that the strange fish would not yield a long article, and I decided to promote the imaginary being to the rank of monster without further ado."[89]
.In the 1930s, a big game hunter named Marmaduke Wetherell went to Loch Ness to look for the Loch Ness Monster.^ Loch Ness monster?
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Loch Ness Monster managed to be both.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I went to Loch Ness to find out.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.He claimed to have found some footprints but when the footprints were sent to scientists for analysis, they turned out to be hippopotamus footprints.^ No Crashed Spacecrafts Debris - The claims of some that they have seen the remains of a spacecraft at a crash site are pure nonsense.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One such huntsman, the improbably named Marmaduke Arundel Wetherell, claimed to have found the beast’s footprint on the shore.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The skull parts that turned out to be those of a modern man were found at one site.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A prankster had used a hippopotamus foot umbrella stand to make the footprints.[90]
On 2 July 2003, Gerald McSorely found a fossil supposedly belonging to Nessie when he tripped and fell into the lake. .After examination, it became clear that the fossil wasn't from Loch Ness and that it had been planted there.^ Oh, btw there is no proof, that is ZERO percent of a or any dinosaur creatures living in Loch Ness.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are lots of mysteries in the world, but unfortunately I think most of the mystery in Loch Ness exists only in the mind.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ At least some pliosaur fossils were found at Loch Ness some years ago.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[91]
Cryptoclidus model which was used in the Channel Five TV programme "Loch Ness Monster: The Ultimate Experiment"
.In 2004, a documentary team for television channel Five, using special effects experts from movies, tried to make people believe there was something in the loch.^ We reserve the right to deny access, use and registration privileges to any user, including without limitation, a registered user, of any services, features or functions of the Site if we believe there is a question about the identity of the person trying to access the user's account or any services, features or functions.
  • Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage | SPIKE 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ That so many people could believe in something demonstrably false seemed quaint and amusing at the beginning of our twenty-first century.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I try to remember the day I stopped believing in the Loch Ness Monster, the day I realized heaven and earth provided more than enough to think about.
  • VQR » Loch Ness Memoir 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.They constructed an animatronic model of a plesiosaur, and dubbed it "Lucy". Despite setbacks, such as Lucy falling to the bottom of the loch, about 600 sightings were reported in the places they conducted the hoaxes.^ Thus, witnesses are not necessarily being unusually dishonest in reporting strange sightings; but we should make allowance for such effects contributing to their accounts of what they experienced.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ They never give up even when true confessions about the hoax are presented.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such sightings are commonly stated to be a creature about six feet tall at the shoulder.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[92]
.In 2005, two students claimed to have found a huge tooth embedded in the body of a deer on the loch shore.^ New stories have expanded to claim that Brazel found three dead aliens at the site and showed the bodies to friends.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They publicised the find widely, even setting up a website, but expert analysis soon revealed that the "tooth" was the antler of a muntjac.^ If they can't find life on Mars, they will simply make up some lies that they have.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They never give up even when true confessions about the hoax are presented.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They follow up years later with documentaries suggesting the hoax may actually be true even though no proof exists.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93] The Loch Ness tooth was a publicity stunt to promote a horror novel by Steve Alten titled The Loch.[94]
.In 2007, a video purported to show Nessie jumping high into the air showed up on YouTube.^ In one easy flip, the beast tossed him and his boat high into the air.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Books and videos are sold to dupe Ufologists into believing that many pictures of UFOs show real alien spacecraft.
  • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This was revealed by the online amateur sceptic's community eSkeptic to be a viral ad promoting the then-upcoming Sony Pictures film The Water Horse.[95] The release of the film confirmed the eSkeptic analysis: the viral video comprises footage from The Water Horse.

Exotic species of large animals

Plesiosaur

Reconstruction of Nessie as a plesiosaur outside Museum of Nessie
In 1933 the suggestion was made that the monster "bears a striking resemblance to the supposedly extinct plesiosaur",[96] a long-necked aquatic reptile that went extinct during the Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event. At the time this was a popular explanation. The following arguments have been put against it:
.
  • Plesiosaurs were probably cold-blooded reptiles requiring warm tropical waters, while the average temperature of Loch Ness is only about 5.5 °C (42 °F).^ Renowned documentary filmmaker Werner Herzog sets out to make a film about the Loch Ness Monster,...
    • Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage | SPIKE 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I've written a new article about the Loch Ness Monster.
    • The Legend of the Loch Ness Monster - BellaOnline Forums 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The most probable method used to fake the Loch Ness Monster picture was with a toy size carving.
    • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Even if the plesiosaurs were warm-blooded, they would require a food supply beyond that of Loch Ness to maintain the level of activity necessary for warm-blooded animals.^ That would be even more incredible than the concept that they are visiting us in a clandestine manner.
    • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    [97]
  • .
  • In October 2006, the New Scientist headlined an article "Why the Loch Ness Monster is no plesiosaur" because Leslie Noè of the Sedgwick Museum in Cambridge reported, "The osteology of the neck makes it absolutely certain that the plesiosaur could not lift its head up swan-like out of the water".[98] However, this does not rule out the reports where a head and neck was not seen.
  • The loch is only about 10,000 years old, dating to the end of the last ice age.^ Making out like bandits .
    • David Mckee's Stiffs & Georges: Virtual Loch Ness Monster Hits Tokyo 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.lasvegasadvisor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Labour Party's Tony Blair became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom , ending 18 years of Conservative Party rule.
    • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    ^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
    • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Prior to that date, the loch was frozen solid for about 20,000 years.^ "They believe the volcano erupted about 2,000 years ago, and would have burst through its ice covering, producing a burst of steam and rocky debris."
    • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The best estimate is that ALH 84001 landed on Earth, in Antarctica, about 13,000 years ago."
    • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [99]
  • .
  • If creatures similar to plesiosaurs lived in the waters of the Loch Ness, they would be seen very frequently as they would have to surface several times a day to breathe.^ People talked of the Loch Ness Monster for centuries as a myth or legend, but in 1934 Dr. Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London physician, allegedly photographed a plesiosaur-like creature with a long neck and small head above the water of Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland.
    • Top Ten Media Myths about UFOs, Aliens, Bigfoot, Loch Ness, Roswell, Area51, Crop Circles, Antigravity, and Bermuda Triangle. 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oh, btw there is no proof, that is ZERO percent of a or any dinosaur creatures living in Loch Ness.
    • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ August 18th, 2009 1248 GMT I saw the Loch Ness Monster and Big Foot talking to some extra-terrestrials just the other day.
    • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Mermaids, UFOs and the Loch Ness Monster « - Blogs from CNN.com 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    [57]
In response to these criticisms, proponents such as Tim Dinsdale, Peter Scott and Roy Mackal postulate a marine creature which has become trapped and has evolved either from a plesiosaur or to the shape of a plesiosaur by convergent evolution.[100]

Amphibian

.R. T. Gould suggested something like a long-necked newt[14][101] and Roy Mackal discussed this possibility, giving it the highest score (88%) in his list of possible candidates.^ Other accounts of "ape-men" and the like give the creatures long, gangly limbs.
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1932 Colonel Fordyce and his wife reported a shaggy-furred, long-legged, long-necked camel-like creature (shown above).
  • The Loch Ness monster seen on land : Tetrapod Zoology 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[102]

Invertebrate

.In 1968 Frank Holiday proposed that Nessie and other lake monsters such as Morag could be explained by a giant invertebrate, and cited the extinct Tullimonstrum as an example of the shape.^ Viral/Other Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage .
  • Loch Ness Monster (Nessie) Real Footage | SPIKE 13 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[103] He says this provides an explanation for land sightings and for the variable back shape, and relates it to the medieval description of dragons as "worms". Mackal considered this, but found it less convincing than eel, amphibian or plesiosaur types of animal.[104]

Popular culture

See also

Notes and References

  1. ^ a b Campbell, Elizabeth Montgomery & David Solomon, The Search for Morag (Tom Stacey 1972) ISBN 085468 093 4, page 28 gives an-t-Seileag, an-Niseag, a-Mhorag for the monsters of Lochs Shiel, Ness and Morag, adding that they are feminine diminutives
  2. ^ The date is inferred from the oldest written source reporting a monster in Loch Ness, the Life of St. Columba (chapter 28).
  3. ^ (Author: A G Harmsworth, 2009) Loch-ness.org says the Plesiosaur theory is "Without doubt (the) most popular candidate among monster believers and the press": http://www.loch-ness.org/candidates.html
  4. ^ A familiar form of the girl's name Agnes, relatively common in Scotland, e.g. the Daily Mirror 4 August 1932 reports the wedding of "Miss Nessie Clark, a Banffshire schoolteacher"
  5. ^ The Sun 27 November 1975: I'm the man who first coined the word "monster" for the creature.
  6. ^ a b c R. Binns The Loch Ness Mystery Solved pp 11-12
  7. ^ Inverness Courier 2 May 1933 "Loch Ness has for generations been credited with being the home of a fearsome-looking monster"
  8. ^ a b Inverness Courier 4 August 1933 IS THIS THE LOCH NESS MONSTER?
  9. ^ R. Binns The Loch Ness Mystery Solved pp19-27
  10. ^ Daily Mirror, 11 August 1933 "Loch Ness, which is becoming famous as the supposed abode of a dragon..."
  11. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary gives 9 June 1933 as the first usage of the exact phrase Loch Ness monster
  12. ^ R. P. Mackal (1983) The Monsters of Loch Ness page 94
  13. ^ a b Daily Mirror 8 December 1933 "The Monster of Loch Ness - Official! Orders That Nobody is to Attack it" ... A Huge Eel?"
  14. ^ a b c d e Gould, Rupert T. (1934). The Loch Ness Monster and Others. London: Geoffrey Bles.  
  15. ^ J. A Carruth Loch Ness and its Monster, (1950) Abbey Press, Fort Augustus, cited by Tim Dinsdale (1961) Loch Ness Monster ppp 33-35
  16. ^ a b Adomnán, p. 176 (II:27).
  17. ^ a b c Adomnán p. 330.
  18. ^ R. Binns The Loch Ness Mystery Solved, pp. 52-57
  19. ^ a b T. Dinsdale (1961) Loch Ness Monster page 42.
  20. ^ Tim Dinsdale Loch Ness Monster pp44-5
  21. ^ "He had apparently fallen off his motor bike and told his mother that the damage to the bike was caused by the monster making him crash! Will all authors please stop treating this sighting as if it were genuine". in Loch-Ness.com: Land Sightings
  22. ^ a b c "Searching for Nessie". Sansilke.freeserve.co.uk. http://www.sansilke.freeserve.co.uk/nessie/search.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  23. ^ mikko takala. "Sightings on Land". Lochness.co.uk. http://www.lochness.co.uk/nessie/sightings/sightl.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  24. ^ R. P. Mackal (1976) The Monsters of Loch Ness page 208
  25. ^ Daily Mirror 14 March 1994 Loch Ness Fraudster
  26. ^ Daily Mail 21 April 1934
  27. ^ "The Beast of Loch Ness | Birth of a Legend (3)". Museumofhoaxes.com. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lochness/legend3.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  28. ^ a b "The Loch Ness Monster and the Surgeon's Photo". Museumofhoaxes.com. http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/nessie.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  29. ^ D. M. Martin & A. Boyd (1999) Nessie – the Surgeon’s Photograph Exposed ISBN 0953570800
  30. ^ "Loch Ness Hoax Photo". The UnMuseum. http://www.unmuseum.org/nesshoax.htm. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  31. ^ H. H. Bauer (2001) Fatal Attractions: The Troubles with Science ISBN 1931044287
  32. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary gives a 1921 quotation "This material… is named by the firm ‘Plastic Wood’." Hobbies weekly magazine issue 1 (October 1930) carried an article Plastic Wood and its many uses. The Daily Mirror, Wed 21 Feb 1934 page 025 recommends the use of Rawlplug Plastic Wood.
  33. ^ a b c Discovery Communications, Loch Ness Discovered, 1993
  34. ^ Janet and Colin Bord, 'Alien Animals' (Granada 1986) p18
  35. ^ 19 January 2007 (19 January 2007). "The Loch Ness Monster". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pVOyo-OwDYM. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  36. ^ "Evidence Pages - Film and Video". Loch-ness.org. 3 May 2007. http://www.loch-ness.org/sections/themystery/evidencepages/filmandvideo.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  37. ^ Legend of Nessie (25 May 1998). "Analysis of the Tim Dinsdale film". Nessie.co.uk. http://www.nessie.co.uk/nessie/analysis.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  38. ^ "Bot generated title ->". Loch Ness<!. 3 May 2007. http://www.loch-ness.org/files/moviefilmsandvideo.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  39. ^ D Raynor. "cyberspace - a nessie faq". Lochnessinvestigation.org. http://www.lochnessinvestigation.org/cyberspace.html#seeunderwater. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  40. ^ a b Bauer, Henry H., "Common Knowledge about the Loch Ness Monster", Journal of Scientific Exploration, 16(3): 455--477 (2002)
  41. ^ "Scientist Boasts New, Quality Footage of Loch Ness Monster". Foxnews.com. 1 June 2007. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,276793,00.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  42. ^ Fabled monster caught on video
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  44. ^ Coleman, Loren. ""Nessie Footage Questions Focus On Filmmaker"". Cryptomundo.com. http://www.cryptomundo.com/cryptozoo-news/holmes-concern/. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  45. ^ "New Video Likely Not Loch Ness Monster". LiveScience. 5 June 2007. http://www.livescience.com/animals/070605_bad_loch_ness.html. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  46. ^ R. Binns (1983) The Loch Ness Mystery Solved ISBN 0 7291 0139 8, pages 36-39
  47. ^ The Times 5 October 1934, page 12 Loch Ness "Monster" Film
  48. ^ Tim Dinsdale (1973) The Story of the Loch Ness Monster Target Books ISBN 0426 11340 3
  49. ^ "1969 Annual Report: Loch Ness Investigation" (PDF). http://www.lochnessproject.org/adrian_shine_archiveroom/paperspdfs/LOCH_NESS_LNI69.PDF. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  50. ^ "Naming the Loch Ness monster". Nature 258: 466. 1975. doi:10.1038/258466a0.  
  51. ^ Dinsdale, T. "Loch Ness Monster" (Routledge and Kegan paul 1976), p.171. Dinsdale, in the same paragraph, also says that Robert Rines, co-author of the Nature article, "soon came up with the antidote - 'Yes, both pix are monsters - R.'"
  52. ^ "London, 18 Dec. (Reuters) - A Scottish member of Parliament has discovered an anagram for Nessiteras rhombopteryx... Nicholas Fairbairn, the MP, announced the anagram in a letter to The Times: 'Monster hoax by Sir Peter S.' ("Loch Ness Monster Shown a Hoax by Another Name." New York Times 19 December 1975. p. 78.)
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  87. ^ Aberdeen Weekly Journal, Wednesday, 11 June 1879 "This kelpie had been in the habit of appearing as a beautiful black horse… No sooner had the weary unsuspecting victim seated himself in the saddle than away darted the horse with more than the speed of the hurricane and plunged into the deepest part of Loch Ness, and the rider was never seen again."
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  94. ^ "Loch Ness Monster Hoaxes". Museumofhoaxes.com. http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/Hoaxipedia/Loch_Ness_Monster_Hoaxes/#The_Loch_Ness_Tooth. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  
  95. ^ "Creature of Loch Ness Caught on tape!" video on YouTube.
  96. ^ R. J. Binns (1983) The Loch Ness Mystery Solved, page 22
  97. ^ "Were Dinosaurs Endotherms or Ectotherms?". BBC. 2001. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/plain/A590294. Retrieved 8 April 2007.  
  98. ^ "Why the Loch Ness Monster is no plesiosaur". New Scientist 2576: 17. 2006. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg19225764.900-why-the-loch-ness-monster-is-no-plesiosaur.html. Retrieved 8 April 2007.  
  99. ^ "A Geological View of Loch Ness and Area". http://www.nessie.co.uk/htm/about_loch_ness/nessgeo.html.  
  100. ^ Roy P. Mackal (1976) The Monsters of Loch Ness, page 138
  101. ^ The Times 9 December 1933, page 14
  102. ^ R. P. Mackal (1976) The Monsters of Loch Ness, pages 138-9, 211-213
  103. ^ Holiday, F.T. The Great Orm of Loch Ness (Faber and Faber 1968)
  104. ^ R. P. Mackal (1976) The Monsters of Loch Ness pages 141-142, chapter XIV

Books

.
  • Bauer, Henry H. The Enigma of Loch Ness: Making Sense of a Mystery, Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1986
  • Binns, Ronald, The Loch Ness Mystery Solved, Great Britain, Open Books, 1983, ISBN 0 7291 0139 8 and Star Books, 1984, ISBN 0-352-31487-7
  • Burton, Maurice, The Elusive Monster: An Analysis of the Evidence from Loch Ness, London, Rupert Hart-Davis, 1961
  • Campbell, Steuart.^ Water bailiff , Alex Campbell, claimed that he had seen a mystery creature on the 23-mile loch.
    • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | May 2 |Athanasius Kircher Voynich Manuscript Loch Ness monster first sighting CatherineGreat and horse 9 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

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    ^ PM Re: The Legend of the Loch Ness Monster [ Re: Mikie ] .
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    The Loch Ness Monster - The Evidence, Buffalo, New York, Prometheus Books, 1985.
  • Dinsdale, Tim, Loch Ness Monster, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961, SBN 7100 1279 9
  • Harrison, Paul The encyclopaedia of the Loch Ness Monster, London, Robert Hale, 1999
  • Gould, R. T., The Loch Ness Monster and Others, London, Geoffrey Bles, 1934 and paperback, Lyle Stuart, 1976, ISBN 0806505559
  • Holiday, F. W., The Great Orm of Loch Ness, London, Faber & Faber, 1968, SBN 571 08473 7
  • Mackal, Roy P., The Monsters of Loch Ness, London, Futura, 1976, ISBN 0 8600 7381 5
  • Whyte, Constance, More Than a Legend: The Story of the Loch Ness Monster, London, Hamish Hamilton, 1957

External links


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Loch Ness Monster (Painting) by Heikenwaelder Hugo]] The Loch Ness Monster, sometimes called Nessie, is a mysterious and unidentified animal, and is said that it lives in the Scottish loch of Loch Ness, the second biggest lake in the country. The Loch Ness Monster has been a mystery for years, and is considered a big subject in the field of cryptozoology.

Most scientists believe that the Loch Ness Monster is not real, and they say that many of the seeings are either hoaxes or pictures of other mistaken existing animals. However, a popular theory among believers is that "Nessie" is a plesiosaur, an extinct meat-eating water reptile that existed during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. The Loch Ness monster has also been described as an elephant, eel, and other pre-historic creatures.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

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