Logan, Utah: Wikis

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Logan, Utah
—  city  —
Downtown Logan, Utah & Courthouse
Motto: United In Service
Location of Logan, Utah
Coordinates: 41°44′16″N 111°49′51″W / 41.73778°N 111.83083°W / 41.73778; -111.83083Coordinates: 41°44′16″N 111°49′51″W / 41.73778°N 111.83083°W / 41.73778; -111.83083
Country United States
State Utah
County Cache
Founded 1859
Named for Logan River
Government
 - Type Mayor-council
 - Mayor Randy Watts
Area
 - Total 17.1 sq mi (44.2 km2)
 - Land 16.5 sq mi (42.8 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation [1] 4,534 ft (1,382 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 48,657
 Density MCSC/sq mi (997.4/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 84321-84323, 84341
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-45860[2]
GNIS feature ID 1442849[1]
Website http://www.logancity.org

Logan is a city in Cache County, Utah. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, its population was about 42,670. By 2008, its population is estimated to have increased to about 48,657.[3] Logan is the county seat of Cache County[4], and the principal city of the Logan, UT-ID Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Cache County and Franklin County, Idaho. The Logan metropolitan area contains an estimated 125,070 residents[5]. In 2005 and 2007 Morgan Quitno declared the Logan metropolitan area the safest in the United States.[6]

Logan is the location of the main campus of the Utah State University.

Contents

History

The town of Logan was founded in 1859 by Mormon settlers sent by Brigham Young to survey for the site of a fort near the banks of the Logan River.[7]. They named their new community Logan for Ephraim Logan, who had been one of the early fur trappers who lived in this area. Logan was incorporated on 17 January 1866.[8] Work for a Latter-day Saint tabernacle and a temple began shortly thereafter, with the Logan Utah Temple being dedicated in 1884, and the Logan Tabernacle in 1891. Brigham Young College was founded here in 1878 (but later closed) and the Utah State University - then called the Agriculture College of Utah - was founded in 1888.

Logan had a rather slow and steady growth in population, until the recent decades when the population has increased at a significantly higher rate. Logan grew to about 15,000 in the mid-1960s. By 2010, its population topped 50,000.

Geography

Logan is located in northern Utah, well north of Ogden, Utah, on the Logan River. It is about about 82 miles (130 km) north of Salt Lake City. Its location is at 41°44′16″N 111°49′51″W / 41.737878°N 111.830846°W / 41.737878; -111.830846 (41.737878, -111.830846).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, this town has a total area of 17.0 square miles (44.2 km2), of which, 16.5 square miles (42.8 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.4 km2) of it (3.17%) is water.

This city lies near the eastern edge of Cache Valley on the western slopes of the Bear River Mountains, the northernmost branch of the Wasatch Range. The eastern portions of the city are constructed on top of late Pleistocene sedimentary deposits which were created thousands of year ago when the Logan River emptied into the huge Lake Bonneville. The Logan River later cut down through these sedimentary deposits following the catastrophic draining of Lake Bonneville. This created a low-lying area with very steep slopes that reach into the rest of town and to the Logan River bottomlands. To the west of Logan are flatlands that contain both farmland and marshes. To the north and south of Logan are the fast-growing residential suburbs of Logan. Logan also lies at the western end of the Logan Canyon.

Layout of the City

Logan's city grid originates from its Main and Center Street block, with Main Street running north and south, and Center east and west. Each block north, east, south, or west of the origin accumulates in additions of 100 (e.g. 100 North, 100 East). Though some streets have non-numeric names. This street grid is typical of many towns and cities that were founded by Latter-day Saints in the Mormon Corridor. Most of Logan's commercial businesses are located along Main Street, which spans through the entire city.

Logan's downtown area is located in the center of the city and is noted for its many historic buildings and landmarks. Among them are the Logan Tabernacle and Logan Utah Temple, which was constructed on the highest hill in the valley so that it could be seen for miles in all directions. Both buildings are owned and operated by the LDS Church. Along Center Street, which intersects Logan's Historic District, are a number of stately houses on the National Register of Historic Places, including the three-story French chateauesque home at 250 West Center Street built in 1907 by the Scottish immigrant, industrialist, and LDS polygamist David Eccles for his second wife, Ellen Stoddard. The downtown area also houses retail and culture outlets, as well as the municipal and county buildings, and courthouses.

The eastern portion of Logan includes the Cliffside and Island neighborhoods, as well as the University district. One of the main features of Logan is the Utah State University (U.S.U.), with its many educational, agricultural, cultural, and athletic programs. Established in 1888, Utah State University stands on the eastern side of the city, near to the mountains, is the city's largest employer, and it has an enrollment of about 17,000 students. Logan Canyon is located close to U.S.U. in the foothills.

Logan's southern portion is a mixture of commercial, city, and residential, and contains portions of the Logan River as well as the fairgrounds and aquatic center. The northern area of Logan serves partly as a retail district with numerous shops and restaurants including the Cache Valley Mall. Logan is the location of the region's largest and most comprehensive hospital, the Logan Regional Hospital, and it is also the location of many newer residential apartments and townhouses. The western portion of Logan is set aside as a center for light industry, especially along the area of 1000 West Street, but also contains some residential communities.

Panorama overlooking Logan

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,757
1880 3,396 93.3%
1890 4,565 34.4%
1900 5,451 19.4%
1910 7,522 38.0%
1920 9,439 25.5%
1930 9,979 5.7%
1940 11,868 18.9%
1950 16,832 41.8%
1960 18,731 11.3%
1970 22,333 19.2%
1980 26,844 20.2%
1990 32,762 22.0%
2000 42,670 30.2%
Est. 2008 48,657 14.0%
source:[3][10]
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People

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 42,670 people, 13,902 households, and 9,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,583.2 people per square mile (997.3/km2). There were 14,692 housing units at an average density of 889.4/sq mi (343.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.93% White, 0.64% African American, 0.85% Native American, 3.60% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 4.08% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.22% of the population.

Age

There were 13,902 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with

  • 23.4% under the age of 18
  • 34.3% from 18 to 24
  • 25.5% from 25 to 44
  • 9.7% from 45 to 64
  • 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

Income

The median income for a household in the city was $30,778, and the median income for a family was $33,784. Males had a median income of $27,304 versus $19,687 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,765. About 12.6% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Mayor Randy Watts took office on January 3, 2006, and was re-elected to another 4-year term beginning 2010. Logan City Council Members include: Holly Daines, Dean Quayle, Laraine Swenson, Jay A. Monson, and Herm Olsen.[11] Logan City does not use districts for voting and election purposes, as the mayor and council members are elected by an overall vote of the entire city population.

Education

The Old Main building at Utah State University.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 12.3% of adults 25 years and older have a graduate or professional degree, 22.2% have a bachelors degree, 8.4% have an associates degree, and 27.7% have some college but no degree. This may be an influence of the high percentage of Utah State University faculty and staff residing in the city.

Average ACT scores in the Logan School District in 2005 were 21.5 for English, 21.3 for math, 22.7 for reading, 22.1 for science and 22 composite score. Average ACT scores in the Cache County School District, which surrounds Logan city, in 2005 were 20.9 in English, 20.8 in math, 22.5 in reading, 21.5 in science and 21.5 composite score. Two-hundred-fifty Logan High students took the ACT in 2005 and 593 Mountain Crest/Sky View/Cache High students (in Cache County School District) took the test in 2005.

Approximately $4,146 is spent per pupil in the Logan School District. In October 2005, there were 2,600 kindergarten through fifth-grade students, 1,252 sixth- through eighth-grade students and 1,702 high school students. Those numbers report about a 100-student decrease from the previous year. Drop-out rate was 2.3%. 11% of students speak English as a second language.

During the 2004-2005 school year, there were 321 professional teachers, resulting in a pupil/teacher ratio of 25.9. The average contract salary for teachers was $38,639.

There are six elementary schools (K-5), 1 middle school, (6-8), and 1 high school (9-12), with two campuses, in Logan. There is also a charter high school in Logan and one alternative high school in Logan for the Cache County School District. The Cache District has two regular high schools outside Logan in other cities.

Edith Bowen Laboratory School, on the campus of Utah State University, provides residents an alternative educational opportunity for their children.

Thomas Edison Charter School, which has campuses in North Logan and Nibley, is a public school for grades K-8 offering an academic stimulated curriculum. There are also a number of small private schools in Logan.

InTech Collegiate High School, currently located in the Innovation Campus of Utah State University, is a public-charter school offering a personalized education focused on Math, Science, and Engineering for grades 9-12.

Bridgerland Applied Technology College provides opportunities for students to learn life skills in business, dental technology, design and construction, fashion and hospitality, health science, information technology, manufacturing, nutrition and food, public safety, and transportation.

Logan is also the home of the Utah State University, a Land-Grant University, that is classified by Carnegie Foundation as a Doctoral/Research University Extensive, offering bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees in a wide variety of fields.

Logan was also the home of a former Brigham Young College, an antique college formerly run by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). It was open from 1878 through 1926. Its library and its papers were all given to the Utah State University then.

Arts & Culture

Logan has a rich tradition for various arts, entertainment, and festivals as seen through the numerous theaters and shows hosted. Logan is the home of the Utah Festival Opera, which hosts a number of performances through the year. The Ellen Eccles Theatre shows concerts, community theater, ballet, and classic movies, and it also hosts national touring companies. The Alliance for the Varied Arts hosts numerous "Gallery Walk" events throughout the year in which participating businesses in historic downtown Logan feature different art, music, and food throughout their space.

Utah State University also hosts many artistic and cultural events including traveling art gallerys, symphony performances, plays, public lectures by noted people who have interesting things to say, and more.

Logan hosts a farmer's market every Saturday between the warmer months of May and October. Known as the "Cache Valley Gardener's Market", and located at Merlin Olsen's Park, the market is known as a gathering place for the sale of fresh produce, coffee, arts & crafts, and also for occasional concerts. A fresh produce market is also opened every Wednesday by the Logan Historic Courthouse.[12]

Parks & Recreation

Bald Eagle, Willow Park Zoo

Logan's Parks and recreation department runs the Logan River Golf Course, the Logan/Cache County Fairgrounds, and the Willow Park Zoo.

Logan Canyon has numerous hiking and camping areas, and its scenic First, Second, and Third dams provide a popular gathering spot for picnics, fishing, and other activities. Logan Canyon is also known as a place for rock-climbing, snowmobiling, hunting, and skiing.

The Willow Park Zoo is a small zoo located in Logan's Willow Park, and it has a small collection of wild animals including monkeys, coyotes, bobcats, bald eagles, and an assortment of land birds and ducks.

Logan is the home of two full-length golf courses including the Logan River Golf Course, and the Logan Golf and Country Club Course, as well as numerous other courses around the Cache Valley Area.

The Logan/Cache County Fairgrounds host numerous events including fairs, rodeos, and demolition derbys. Nearby, the vity of Logan runs an aquatic center and skating park. During the winter season, the city operates an outdoor ice skating rink at Merlin Olsen Park (Central Park)

Media

Given its distance from the Salt Lake City media market, Logan features a variety of media outlets that cater to residents of the Cache Valley.

It is also home to The Herald Journal, a daily newspaper, and Cache Valley Daily a news site operated by 610 KVNU and the Cache Valley Radio Group. Both news outlets cover the Logan and Cache Valley area.

The Valley Channel is a local television station which provides community-oriented programs, news talk shows, and coverage of local high school sporting events and Utah State University hockey.

The Cache Valley Radio Group produces a variety of radio stations, including 610 AM KVNU with news and sports, 92.9 FM KBLQ with soft rock, 94.5 FM KVFX with Top 40, 95.9 FM KLZX with classic rock, and 96.7 FM KKEX with country. Utah State University also runs its own radio station, which is an affiliate of National Public Radio. Utah Public Radio is broadcast to many rural areas of the state, and is heard in Cache County on 89.5 FM and 91.5 FM. It features a state-issues talk show each weekday morning called "Access Utah". Logan can also receive some radio stations from the Salt Lake City market.

Economy

Logan has a wide diversity of economic sectors with a focus on education, manufacturing and processing, medical services, agriculture, and retail businesses. The city's largest employer is the Utah State University, with other ones including Icon Health & Fitness, the Cache County School District, the Logan Regional Hospital operated by the Intermountain Healthcare company, Thermo-Fisher Laboratories, Gossner Foods, and Schreiber Foods.[13]

Headquartered in Logan

Icon's Headquarters
  • Harris Research Inc. - Muilt-Brand Franchisor: Chem-Dry (carpet cleaning), N-Hance (wood renewal). Franchising in over 45 countries.
  • ICON Health & Fitness - Touted as the world's largest developer, manufacturer, and marketer of fitness equipment.
  • Campbell Scientific - scientific instrumentation.
  • ConService - a utility billing company.
  • NewDawn Technologies- Software Development Company.
  • Caffe Ibis - a coffee roasting company founded in and headquartered in Logan .
  • Hogi Yogi - a fast-food restaurant chain. Founded in Logan.
  • S&S Power - an amusement park ride manufacturer.
  • Gossner Foods - Dairy product manufacturer and producer.
  • Sun Remarketing - actually located in Smithfield, Utah near Logan. Some of the press has erroneously stated such things as "Sun Remarketing in Logan, Utah...".
  • Utah Festival Opera - founded and headquartered in Logan.
  • Cache Valley Brewing Company
  • Wasatch Property Management - a real estate and property management company with assets and developments around the Mountain West

Other Notable

  • ThermoFisher - Formerly HyClone. Cell Culture media and serum services.
  • RR Donnelley - Formerly Moore Wallace. Mass printing and manufacturing services.

Transportation

Transit Station, downtown.

U.S. Highways US-89 and US-91 enter Logan from the southwest as one highway, and then separate in downtown Logan. US-91 goes due northward into Idaho through the Cache Valley, whereas US-89 goes northeastly into Logan Canyon, and thence to Bear Lake, a large lake in the area.

Logan is served by a local sales-tax-funded zero-fare bus system called the Cache Valley Transit District (CVTD), which incorporated the Logan Transit District (LTD) on February 23, 2007. The system began in 1992 with six routes, while service outside of Logan was offered in 2000.[1] The system consists of 11 routes that serve Logan itself, North Logan, and River Heights (the former LTD). There's also a northern route that reaches north to Richmond, and a southern route that serves the southern suburbs and Hyrum (the original CVTD). There's also a four-time daily connection to Lewiston and Preston, Idaho.[2]

There is a public general aviation airport at Logan, the Logan-Cache Airport (with IATA code LGU), but it has no scheduled airline services. However, Logan is within ready driving distance, or an inter-city Greyhound Bus ride, of the Salt Lake City airport and the airport at Ogden, Utah.

Special Events

Logan hosts the annual "Cache Valley Cruise-In", which is considered to be Utah's largest automotive event, with an exhibit of special cars and vehicles, concerts, and other activities spanning three days. The events concludes with a parade of the cars cruising down closed-down portions of Main Street.[14]

Recognition

  • CNN Money magazine ranked Logan third on its list of Best Places to Retire Young in 2007.[15]
  • Forbes listed Logan 10th on their list of Best Small Places For Business & Careers[16]
  • The Monday Report listed Logan as the most walkable community in Utah in a 2009 study [17]

Notable people from Logan

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Logan
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Subcounty population estimates: Utah 2000-2008" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-07-01. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2008-49.csv. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-01)" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-19. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  6. ^ morganquitno.com
  7. ^ http://www.media.utah.edu/UHE/l/LOGAN.html
  8. ^ http://www.utah.com/culture/logan.htm
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 307.
  11. ^ http://www.loganutah.org/City%20Council/index.cfm
  12. ^ http://www.saabra.org/pages/GM.htm
  13. ^ http://www.loganutah.org/Our%20Customers/business.cfm
  14. ^ http://www.cachevalleycruisein.com/
  15. ^ http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0703/gallery.bp_retireyoung_new.moneymag/3.html CNN Money
  16. ^ http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/5/100135.html
  17. ^ http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs004/1101121492994/archive/1102547334286.html
  18. ^ http://www.skylabmodernart.com
  19. ^ http://publish.netitor.com/photos/schools/ust/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/university-2001.pdf
  20. ^ http://www.utahsportshalloffame.org/Honorees.html

External links


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