London Borough of Haringey: Wikis

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London Borough of Haringey
Haringey
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 311th
29.59 km2 (11.4 sq mi)
ONS code 00AP
Admin HQ Wood Green
Demographics
Population
— Total (2008 est.)
Density
Ranked 60th (of 326)
226,200
7,645 /km2 (19,800 /sq mi)
Ethnicity
White British
White Irish
Other White
White & Black Caribbean
White & Black African
White & Asian
Other Mixed
Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Other Asian
Black Caribbean
Black African
Other Black
Chinese
Other
(2005 estimates)[1]
47.6%
3.6%
14.1%
1.4%
0.8%
1.2%
1.3%
3.0%
1.3%
1.6%
1.7%
8.3%
9.1%
1.3%
1.5%
2.2%
Politics
Haringey London Borough Council
Logo of Haringey London Borough Council
Leadership Leader (Cllr Claire Kober) & Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Bernice Vanier
Executive Labour
MPs Lynne Featherstone
David Lammy
London Assembly
— Member
Enfield and Haringey
Joanne McCartney
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms of Haringey London Borough Council
Official website LB Haringey

See also: Harringay for the neighbourhood in the London Borough of Haringey

The London Borough of Haringey (pronounced /ˈhærɪŋɡeɪ/ ( listen)[2]) is a London borough, in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of three former boroughs. It shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet.

Haringey covers an area of more than 11 square miles (28.5 km2).[3] Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palace, Bruce Castle and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.

The borough is very ethnically diverse. It has extreme contrasts:[4] areas in the west, such as Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.[5]

Haringey is also a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgate and Muswell Hill, at 426.5 feet (130.0 m), the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. The borough includes large areas of green space, which make up more than 25% of its total area.[5]

In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbie and the death of Baby P.[6]

In March 2009, Haringey Council's performance was placed by the Audit Commission in the bottom four of the country and the worst in London.[7]

In December 2009, Haringey's performance was placed by Ofsted in the bottom nine in the country for children's services. [8]

Contents

History

South-west Haringey with the City in the background, from Alexandra Palace, one of the highest points in London.

In the Ice Age, Haringey was at the edge of a huge glacial mass that reached as far south as Muswell Hill.[9] There is evidence of both Stone Age and Bronze Age activity.[10]

Prior to the Romans' arrival, Haringey was part of a large area covering Essex and Middlesex which was home to a celtic tribe called Trinobantes.

The Romans' presence is evidenced chiefly by the roads they built through the area. Tottenham High Road was part of the main Roman thoroughfare of Ermine Street. There have also been Roman finds in the borough which suggests possible Roman settlement.

In the 5th and 6th centuries the Saxon invasions brought Haering, the chieftain whose name still lives on today in local placenames.

At the time of Domesday, the western part of modern Haringey was within the Manor of Harengheie and part of the Bishop of London's principal Manor of Stepney.[9] The eastern part was within the Manor of Tottenham held by Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria, the last of the great Anglo-Saxon Earls.[11]

Haringey remained a rural area until the 18th century when large country houses close to London became increasingly common. The coming of the railways from the mid-nineteenth century onwards led to rapid urbanisation. So that by the turn of the century much of Haringey had been transformed from a rural to an urbanised environment.

The borough in its modern form was founded in 1965, from the former Municipal Borough of Hornsey, the Municipal Borough of Wood Green and the Municipal Borough of Tottenham which had all previously been part of Middlesex. The new borough became part of the new Greater London Council. However, some legacy of the historic municipal divisions survives to the present day, with the relative prosperity of the different parts of the borough still split broadly along the old boundary lines.

See also: Category: History of Haringey.
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Etymology

The names Haringey, Harringay[12] and Hornsey in use today are all different variations of the same Old English - Haeringes-hege. Haering was a Saxon chief who lived probably in the area around Hornsey. Haering's Hege, meant Haering's enclosure and evolved into Haringey, Harringay and Hornsey.

See also: Etymology Section: Harringay Town's History

The official explanation of the coat of arms is given as:

The contrasting colours of black (sable) and gold (Or) symbolise stability - the element earth is traditionally represented in black - and enterprise. The half cogwheel in front of the rising sun represents industry and a bright future - the rising sun symbolises the new borough itself. The radiating golden rays symbolise action reaching out to the boundaries of the borough, those that revolve around the centre of the shield symbolise movement. They also allude to the first television transmission from Alexandra Palace, one of the landmarks in the borough of Haringey. The Heraldic decoration includes a mantling or cloth formerly worn on the back of the helmet to keep the sun off the wearer. The motto is Progress with Humanity.[13]

The modern logo is fashioned on the coat of arms.

Geography

Haringey is a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgate and Muswell Hill, at 426.5 feet (130.0 m), the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. The borough includes large areas of green space, which make up more than 25% of its total area.[5]

Haringey shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet. It covers an area of more than 11 square miles (28.5 km2).[14] Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palace, Bruce Castle and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.

Haringey has 600 acres (2.4 km2) of parks, recreation grounds and open spaces[15] which make up more than 25% of its total area.[5] They include both smaller local areas and large green areas which provide an amenity for Londoners beyond the borough's boundaries. Local Nature Reserves and a number of conservation areas can also be found in the borough. The borough is also home to five distinct ancient woods. These are Highgate Woods, Queen's Wood, Coldfall Wood, Bluebell Wood and North Wood.[16]

The borough has achieved Green Flag status for eight of its parks which is the highest awarded to any London borough.[15] Highgate Woods in Haringey is one of only eight Green Heritage sites in London.[17]

Amongst the larger open spaces are: Finsbury Park, Alexandra Park, Highgate Woods, Coldfall Wood and the Lee Valley Park.

There are three rivers of note still flowing above ground in the borough. These are:

See also: Category: Parks and open spaces in Haringey

Demographics

Population
Year Pop.  %±
1801 2,448
1811 4,481 83.0%
1821 5,373 19.9%
1831 6,201 15.4%
1841 7,571 22.1%
1851 8,762 15.7%
1861 34,651 295.5%
1871 60,541 74.7%
1881 86,431 42.8%
1891 159,596 84.7%
1901 204,226 28.0%
1911 263,009 28.8%
1921 279,928 6.4%
1931 297,936 6.4%
1941 283,737 −4.8%
1951 270,214 −4.8%
1961 254,541 −5.8%
1971 239,833 −5.8%
1981 202,641 −15.5%
1991 211,633 4.4%
2001 216,510 2.3%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

The borough is very ethnically diverse. It has extreme contrasts:[18] areas in the west, such as Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.[5]

The population grew by 8.6% between 1991 and 2006 and is projected to grow by a further 5.4% by 2016 to 233,125. The male to female ratio is 50:50 and the age structure is similar to that of London as a whole although younger than the national average.

Haringey has a high proportion of young adults in the 20-39 age range and a low proportion of residents aged 45 and over. The borough has a high proportion of lone parent households.[19]

The ethnic composition of Haringey's residents is 65.5% White, 20.1% Black, 6.7% Asian, 4.6% Mixed, 1.1% Chinese and 2% Other. An estimated 193 languages are spoken in the borough.[20][21]

Housing

There are about 97,101 dwellings in Haringey. Of those: 46% are owner occupied; 17.4% are council rented; 10.8% are rented from a registered social landlord; and 24% are rented from a private landlord. Just over 55% of residents in Haringey live in flats, apartments or maisonettes.

The local council and housing associations provide about 27,463 affordable homes and in 2006 over 19,000 households were waiting to be housed by the borough. There are almost 5,500 households living in temporary accommodation. In 2002/03 over 1,300 households were accepted as homeless by the council.[19]

Wards

There are 19 wards in Haringey. Although they bear the names of long-established local areas, many have boundaries which do not exactly match the locally-understood boundaries of those areas.

Note: Each ward name shown below is linked to the London Borough of Haringey's ward microsites. Each provides information on the ward via the navigation pane on the left of the screen.[22]

The wards are:[23]

Politics

The borough has been Labour-run since 1971. No Conservative candidate has won a local government election in Haringey since 1998. In May 2006 Labour retained control of the Council with a majority of just three seats over the Liberal Democrats.

Late in 2007 Liberal Democrat councillors Catherine Harris and Ali Demirci crossed the floor to join the Labour Party, the first such occasion in the history of the borough. The Labour majority thus increased to 7 (32 Labour, 25 Liberal Democrat). In July 2009, councillor and former mayor Alan Dobbie left the Labour Party to join the Conservatives, becoming the first Conservative in the council for 11 years.[43].In January 2010, Brian Hayley became the first ever Haringey Labour councillor to defect to the Liberal Democrats.

Seats on Haringey Council, by party:

Year Conservative Labour Liberal Democrats
1994 2 57 0
1998 2 54 3
2002 0 42 15
2006 0 30 27
2007 0 32 25
2009 1 31 25
2010 1 30 26

(Boundary changes in 2002 reduced the number of councillors by 2)

In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children, in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbie and the death of Baby P.[44] George Meehan, Council leader at the time of both the Victoria Climbie inquiry and the death of Baby P, resigned after a "damning" examination of Social Services caused by Baby P. He and Liz Santry, cabinet member for Children's Services initially refused to resign at a Full Council meeting. All Labour Councillors voted for them to remain in their posts. Sharon Shoesmith, who was sacked on 8 December 2008 without any compensation package over the Baby P affair, is suing for lack of notice.

In March 2009, the council's overall performance was assessed in an Audit Commission review as among the fourth worst in the whole country, and the worst in London.[45] Its previous three stars were reduced to one.

Economy

In 2006, there were 8,200 businesses in Haringey employing a total of 64,700 people. This accounted for 1.6% of all employment in London.

Haringey's economy is dominated by small businesses with 94.2% of businesses employing less than 24 people. These small businesses account for 39.3% of total employment in the borough.

The main sectors of employment in Haringey are:

  • Retail and wholesale distribution - 19.9%
  • Health and social work - 19.0%
  • Real estate, renting and business activities - 15.3%
  • Education - 12.8%
  • Manufacturing - 8.3%
  • Public administration - 6.8%
  • Hotels and catering - 6.8%
  • Transport and communications - 6.6%
  • Construction - 3.5% (Source:Annual Business Inquiry)
Source[46]

The principal shopping areas in the borough are Wood Green and Turnpike Lane, Muswell Hill, Crouch End, and Harringay.

Haringey is situated within the growth corridor connecting London with Stansted, Cambridge and Peterborough.[20]

Culture

The borough has a number of facilities offering a wide range of cultural activity

Performing arts

Haringey's theatres include:

Visual arts

  • The Chocolate Factory[52]

Education

Haringey has 63 primary (including infant and junior) schools, 10 secondary schools, a City Academy, 4 special schools and a pupil support centre. In addition there is off site provision and study support centres for children and young people with additional needs. Ten Children’s Centres[53] were opened in 2006 and a further eight are planned for 2008.

The number of pupils in Haringey Schools as at January 2006 was 34,990 (Including nursery age children). This total was made up as follows:

  • Primary Total 16,705 (pupils of compulsory school age).
  • Secondary Total 12,431 (including sixth form students).
  • Special School pupils and students 299 (including post 16 children).
  • Pupil support centre 77.
Source[19]

Sport

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, currently in the FA Premier League, is located in the borough in Tottenham High Road.

London Skolars are a rugby league team that compete in National League 2, they play at New River Stadium in Wood Green, Haringey. The annual Middlesex 9s rugby league tournament also takes place at the New River Stadium.

The Borough's ice hockey team, the Haringey Greyhounds currently play at Alexandra Palace. Alexandra Palace has also hosted other events including the PDC World Darts Championship and a number of Boxing events.

See also: Category: Sport in Haringey

Transports

London bus route 29, 41, 43, 67, 73, 76, 91, 102, 121, 123, 134, 141, 143, 144, 149, 184, 192, 210, 214, 217, 221, 230, 231, 232, 234, 243, 253, 254, 259, 263, 271, 279, 299, 318, 329, 341, 349, 444, 476, W3, W4, W5, W7, night route N20, N29, N41, N73, N76 and N91.

The numerous National Rail and London Underground stations in the borough are:

Twin towns

Haringey has been Town twinning with Koblenz, Germany since 1969.[54] It has also twinned with the towns of:

Notable current and former residents

There are a large number well-known people who have lived or are living in the borough, particularly in the areas of Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End. The group includes Bill Nicholson, Ho Chi Minh, David Gray, Mike Leigh, Oliver Tambo, The Kinks, Chipmunk (rapper) and David Tennant from Doctor Who.

See also: For comprehensive information on notable residents see: Category: People from Haringey by district.

References & notes

  1. ^ Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
  2. ^ It is interesting to note that pupils in local schools at the time the borough was created in 1965 were taught that the new borough's name should be pronounced with the ending sounded as in the endings of Finchley, Hackney or Hornsey - Valerie Crosby, Archivist, Bruce Castle Archives, London Borough of Haringey, 2007
  3. ^ London Borough of Haringey website, Facts & Figures
  4. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23590669-details/The+rotten+borough+of+Haringey/article.do
  5. ^ a b c d e Office for National Statistics
  6. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23590669-details/The+rotten+borough+of+Haringey/article.do
  7. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23657883-details/Borough+at+centre+of+Baby+P+row+ranked+the+worst+in+London/article.do
  8. ^ London Evening Standard 9 December 2009
  9. ^ a b Madge, Stephen J. (1938). The Early Records of Harringay alias Hornsey. Public Libraries Committee Hornsey. ISBN : None issued at publication. 
  10. ^ T. F. T. Baker & C. R. Elrington (Editors) (1985). A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 8: Islington and Stoke Newington Parishes. Accessed online at British History Online. 
  11. ^ T. F. T. Baker & R.B. Pugh (Editors) (1976). A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. Accessed online at British History Online. 
  12. ^ Harringay is an area of London within the London Borough Haringey. The two differently spelt words describe different places and they are not interchangeable.
  13. ^ London Borough of Haringey Website
  14. ^ London Borough of Haringey website, Facts & Figures
  15. ^ a b London Borough of Haringey Website - Open Spaces Page
  16. ^ The Natural History of Haringey, David Bevan
  17. ^ English Heritage - Green Heritage Microsite
  18. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23590669-details/The+rotten+borough+of+Haringey/article.do
  19. ^ a b c Knowing Our Children And Young People - Planning For Their Futures, Haringey Council, 2006
  20. ^ a b Audit Commission's Corporate Assessment of Haringey Council, October 2006
  21. ^ London Borough of Haringey Website: Ethnic Group Theme Tables
  22. ^ Each ward page can be explored via the orange navigation panel on the left of the Haringey site screen.
  23. ^ London Borough of Haringey Website Ward Profiles
  24. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/alexandra1.htm
  25. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/bounds_green1.htm
  26. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/bruce_grove1.htm
  27. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/crouch_end1.htm
  28. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/fortis_green1.htm
  29. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/harringay1.htm
  30. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/highgate1.htm
  31. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/hornsey1.htm
  32. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/muswell_hill1.htm
  33. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/noel_park1.htm
  34. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/northumberland_park1.htm
  35. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/seven_sisters1.htm
  36. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/st_anns1.htm
  37. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/stroud_green1.htm
  38. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/tottenham_green1.htm
  39. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/tottenham_hale1.htm
  40. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/west_green1.htm
  41. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/white_hart_lane1.htm
  42. ^ http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/news_and_events/fact_file/ward_profiles/woodside1.htm
  43. ^ Pears, Elizabeth (8 July 2009). "Tories reclaim Haringey Council seat following shock defection by Labour councillor Alan Dobbie". Haringey Independent (Newsquest Media Group). http://www.haringeyindependent.co.uk/news/topstories/4480438.Tories_reclaim_Haringey_Council_seat_following_shock_defection/. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  44. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23590669-details/The+rotten+borough+of+Haringey/article.do
  45. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23657883-details/Borough+at+centre+of+Baby+P+row+ranked+the+worst+in+London/article.do
  46. ^ Haringey's economic profile
  47. ^ http://www.haringeyshed.org/
  48. ^ http://www.mountview.ac.uk/general_information_level2.asp?level2_ID=65
  49. ^ http://www.nlpac.co.uk/
  50. ^ http://www.berniegrantcentre.co.uk/
  51. ^ http://www.downstairsatthekingshead.com/
  52. ^ http://www.chocolatefactoryartists.co.uk/
  53. ^ Haringey Council Web page on Children's Centres
  54. ^ Koblenz Tourism Website
  55. ^ Twinning of London Borough of Haringey with Holetown: 10 December 2009PDF (13 KB) – Barbados Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
  56. ^ Twinning Of London Borough Of Haringey With Holetown

External links

Coordinates: 51°36′06″N 0°06′46″W / 51.601632°N 0.112915°W / 51.601632; -0.112915


Simple English

London Borough of Haringey
[[Image:|200px|Haringey]]
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.haringey.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 339th
29.59 km²
ONS code 00AP
Admin HQ Wood Green
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 51st (of 354)
224,500
7,587 / km²
Ethnicity 65.6% White
20.0% African-Caribbean
6.7% South Asian
1.1% Chinese
Politics
Leadership {{{leadership}}}
Mayor {{{mayor}}}
Executive Labour
MPs Lynne Featherstone
David Lammy
London Assembly
— Member
Enfield and Haringey
Joanne McCartney

The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough in north London. There are some interesting sights, for example the stadium of the Premier League soccer club Tottenham Hotspur and the Alexandra Palace.

Greater LondonLondonCity of London


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