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London Borough of Islington
Islington
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 324th
14.86 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
ONS code 00AU
Admin HQ Upper Street, Islington
Demographics
Population
— Total (2008 est.)
Density
Ranked 86th (of 326)
190,900
12,847 /km2 (33,274 /sq mi)
Ethnicity
White British
White Irish
Other White
White & Black Caribbean
White & Black African
White & Asian
Other Mixed
Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Other Asian
Black Caribbean
Black African
Other Black
Chinese
Other
(2005 estimates)[1]
58.4%
4.5%
12.3%
1.2%
0.7%
1.1%
1.2%
2.2%
0.8%
2.3%
1.0%
4.2%
5.2%
1.0%
2.3%
1.7%
Politics
Islington London Borough Council
Logo of Islington London Borough Council
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Anna Berent
Executive Liberal Democrat (council NOC)
MPs Jeremy Corbyn
Emily Thornberry
London Assembly
— Member
North East
Jennette Arnold
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms of Islington London Borough Council
Official website LB Islington

The London Borough of Islington (About this sound pronunciation ) is a London borough in Inner London. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies, Islington North and Islington South & Finsbury.

Contents

Etymology

Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose.[2] In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury - names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.

Districts of Islington

The borough includes the areas:

see also Islington parks and open spaces

Wards

  • Barnsbury
  • Bunhill
  • Caledonian
  • Canonbury
  • East Canonbury
  • Clerkenwell
  • Finsbury Park
  • Highbury East
  • Highbury West
  • Hillrise
  • Holloway
  • Junction
  • Mildmay
  • Saint Georges
  • Saint Marys
  • Saint Peters
  • Tollington

Transport

Islington Town Hall

Islington has a wide variety of transportation services, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End.

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Buses

Bus Number Destination Operator
4 Waterloo - Archway Metroline
10 King's Cross - Hammersmith First
17 London Bridge - Archway Metroline
19 Battersea Bridge - Finsbury Park Arriva
21 Lewisham - Newington Green via Southgate Road London Central
29 Trafalgar Square - Wood Green Arriva
30 Leamouth - Highbury & Islington Stn East London
38 Victoria - Clapton Pond Arriva
41 Archway - Tottenham Hale Arriva
43 London Bridge - Friern Barnet Metroline
46 Hampstead Heath - Farrindon Street Metroline
55 Oxford Circus - Leyton East London
56 West Smithfield - Whipps Cross East London
73 Victoria - Seven Sisters Arriva
76 Waterloo (County Hall) - Tottenham Town Hall via Bank, Moorgate, Finsbury, Southgate Road, Stoke Newington Arriva
91 Trafalgar Square - Archway First
134 Tottenham Court Road - North Finchley via Camden Town, Archway, Highgate Metroline
141 London Bridge - Palmers Green via Moorgate, City Road, New North Road, Southgate Road, Newington Green, Highbury East, Green Lanes, Wood Green Arriva
143 Archway - Brent Cross Metroline
153 Liverpool Street - Finsbury Park HT
205 Mile End - Paddington via Liverpool Street, City Road, Angel, King's Cross, Euston, Baker Street, Marylebone Metroline
210 Finsbury Park - Brent Cross via Archway, Highgate, Golders Green Metroline
243 Waterloo - Wood Green via Aldwych, Holborn, Old Street, Kingsland Road Arriva
253 Hackney Central Station - Euston via Holloway Nags Head Arriva
271 Moorgate Village - Highgate Village via City Road, Holborn, Angel, Holloway, Archway Metroline

london bus 277 mile end highbury and islington

390 Notting Hill Gate - Archway via Tottenham Court Road, Euston, King's Cross, Camden Town Metroline
393 Chalk Farm Station - Stoke Newington via Highbury, Holloway, Camden Arriva
394 Hackney - Islington via Angel, City Road, New North Road, Hoxton, Haggerston, London Fields HC
476 Euston - Northumberland Park via King's Cross, Angel, Essex Road, Newington Green, Stoke Newington, Seven Sisters, Tottenham First
812 Unknown CT Plus

London Underground

There are many Underground stations in the borough, these are included within the following:

These stations principally serve the Piccadilly, Victoria and Northern lines.

Railway stations

There are also quite a few railway stations within the borough, they are as follows:

Major public and private bodies in Islington

There are two prisons in Islington, a male prison, HM Prison Pentonville and a women's prison Holloway, that held many suffragettes.

Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington

The Islington N1 Centre.

Farm

Holloway in Islington is home to Freightliners City Farm which is one of the many city farms throughout London. The farm, which isn't like an industrial farm, contains a wide range of animals from rabbits to cows to chickens and pigs all free for the public to view.

Demographics

Population
Year Pop.  %±
1801 65,721
1811 83,679 27.3%
1821 108,333 29.5%
1831 137,271 26.7%
1841 162,717 18.5%
1851 214,090 31.6%
1861 266,010 24.3%
1871 317,930 19.5%
1881 369,850 16.3%
1891 397,799 7.6%
1901 405,301 1.9%
1911 412,944 1.9%
1921 401,054 −2.9%
1931 389,513 −2.9%
1941 324,143 −16.8%
1951 269,743 −16.8%
1961 232,258 −13.9%
1971 200,022 −13.9%
1981 157,512 −21.3%
1991 173,384 10.1%
2001 175,787 1.4%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 65,721. This rose steadily throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; exceeding 200,000 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased — reaching nearly 400,000 by the turn of the century; with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury particularly suffering deprivation, poverty and severe overcrowding. The increase in population peaked before World War I, falling slowly in the aftermath until World War II began an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). The decline in population reversed in the 1980s, but it remains below its 1971 level.

According to the 2001 census Islington has a population of 175,797. It is 75% White, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents are owner–occupiers.

Education

Universities

The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:—

Colleges

The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:—

Schools

The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.[4]

In popular culture

In Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide To The Galaxy, three of the four main characters (Arthur Dent, Trillian, and Zaphod Beeblebrox) first met at a "fancy dress party" at a flat in Islington.

References

External links

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°08′W / 51.533°N 0.133°W / 51.533; -0.133


Simple English

London Borough of Islington
[[Image:|200px|Islington]]
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.islington.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 352nd
14.86 km²
ONS code 00AU
Admin HQ Upper Street, Islington
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 82nd (of 354)
182,600
12,288 / km²
Ethnicity 75.4% White
11.9% African-Caribbean
5.4% South Asian
1.7% Chinese
Politics
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Joyti Vaja
Executive Liberal Democrats
MPs Jeremy Corbyn
Emily Thornberry
London Assembly
— Member
North East
Jennette Arnold

The London Borough of Islington is a London Borough. It is in north London.

= Places

=

Greater LondonLondonCity of London

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