London Borough of Newham: Wikis

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London Borough of Newham
Newham
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London Borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 298th
36.22 km2 (14.0 sq mi)
ONS code 00BB
Admin HQ East Ham
Demographics
Population
— Total (2008 est.)
Density
Ranked 51st (of 326)
249,500
6,890 /km2 (17,845 /sq mi)
Ethnicity
White British
White Irish
Other White
White & Black Caribbean
White & Black African
White & Asian
Other Mixed
Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Other Asian
Black Caribbean
Black African
Other Black
Chinese
Other
(2005 estimates)[1]
32.6%
1.1%
5.4%
1.2%
0.8%
0.8%
0.9%
12.1%
8.7%
9.0%
12.7%
6.7%
12.7%
1.1%
1.4%
2.4%
Politics
Newham London Borough Council
Logo of Newham London Borough Council
Leadership Mayor & Cabinet
Mayor Sir Robin Wales
Executive Labour
MPs Lyn Brown
Jim Fitzpatrick
Stephen Timms
London Assembly
— Member
City and East
John Biggs
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms of Newham London Borough Council
Official website http://www.newham.gov.uk/

The London Borough of Newham (pronounced /ˈnjuː.əm/ ( listen)) is a London borough in East London, within Greater London.

It is situated 5 miles (8 km) east of the City of London, and is north of the River Thames. According to 2006 estimates, Newham has one of the highest ethnic minority populations of all the districts in the country, with no particular ethnic group dominating.

Contents

History

The borough was formed by merging the former area of the Essex county borough of East Ham and the county borough of West Ham as a borough of the newly formed Greater London, on 1 April 1965. Green Street marks the former boundary between the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough (previously being in the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, in the County of London) along with a small area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking. Newham was devised for the borough as an entirely new name.[2]

Governance

Unlike most English districts, its council is led by a directly-elected mayor, Since 2002, one of the councillors has been appointed as the "civic ambassador", and has performed the civic and ceremonial role previously carried out by the mayor but this post was recently discontinued.[3]

Although statistically counted as part of Inner London, the borough is still considered part of Outer London for purposes such as funding. This is because the majority of Newham was not part of the 1889-1965 County of London. However, much of the borough has historically formed part of London's built-up area and economically it is one of the more deprived districts. The council is actively campaigning to have Newham officially considered part of Inner London for all purposes in order to increase its level of government grant by £60 million. Newham is a challenging borough in a number of ways and currently has the second lowest recycling rate in the United Kingdom.[4]

Newham has 60 councillors, of whom 54 are from the Labour Party (UK), 3 are from the Christian Peoples' Alliance and 3 are from Respect. As the 2010 Municipal Elections approach there have been some changes of party by existing councillors.

Demography

Population
Year Pop.  %±
1801 8,875
1811 11,166 25.8%
1821 13,005 16.5%
1831 15,553 19.6%
1841 17,758 14.2%
1851 24,875 40.1%
1861 69,355 178.8%
1871 113,835 64.1%
1881 158,314 39.1%
1891 259,155 63.7%
1901 338,506 30.6%
1911 442,158 30.6%
1921 448,081 1.3%
1931 454,096 1.3%
1941 377,508 −16.9%
1951 313,837 −16.9%
1961 271,858 −13.4%
1971 235,496 −13.4%
1981 209,131 −11.2%
1991 221,146 5.7%
2001 243,737 10.2%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population

Newham has the highest young population and one of the lowest white British populations in the country according to the 2001 Census. The borough has the second highest percentage of Muslims in Britain (24.3%).

When using Simpson's Diversity Index on 10 aggregated ethnic groups, the 2001 census identified Newham as the most ethnically diverse district in England and Wales, with 9 wards in the top 15.[5] However, when using the 16 ethnic categories in the Census so that White Irish and White Other ethnic minorities are also included in the analysis, Newham becomes the 2nd most ethnically diverse borough[6] with 6 out of the top 15 wards, behind Brent with 7 out of the top 15 wards.

The main ethnic groups are Whites and Asians. Based on 2006 estimates by the ONS, over 39% of the population is White (32.6% White British, White Irish 1.1% and other 5%) 38% is Asian (12.2% Indian, 10% Bangladeshi, 8.9% Pakistani and other Asian 5.1%), 20% is Black (6.5% Caribbean, 12.4% African and 1.1% other Black), and 1.6% are Chinese and 2.6% are other ethnic groups.[7]

Notable local residents

Trade Unionist Vic Turner who was jailed as the leader of the Pentonville 5. A former Communist Party member, after his retirement in 1994 Vic joined the Labour Party just in time to be elected as a Councillor for the former Bemersyde Ward in the Municipal elections of that year. Later in his term as a Councillor Vic was elected by Labour Group (and therefore the Council) as a Ceremonial Mayor of Newham. This largely ceremonial post (now known as the "Civic Ambassador") is of course not to be confused with the far more significant one of Elected Mayor, whereby the incumbent (who has serious and useful political power) is elected by far wider electorate of the whole Borough.

  • TJ's, Melissa Apples, Zac

Education

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Schools and colleges

The Borough is the education authority for the district providing education in a mix of Foundation, community and voluntary aided schools.[8] The borough also owns and operates Debden House, a residential adult education college in Loughton, Essex.

University

The University of East London has two campuses in Newham:

Birkbeck Stratford is a collaboration between Birkbeck, University of London and UEL to increase participation in adult learning. This is currently based on the UEL Stratford campus, but is planned to move to its own facilities.

Places of interest

Newham Town Hall in East Ham (E6)

Community

  • The Hub, a revolutionary community resource centre built by the local community, in Star Lane, E16, featuring up to the minute "green" features
  • Grassroots, also built by the local community and another revolutionary green resource centre built by the community. Grass Roots is in Memorial Recreation Ground, E15.

Libraries

Newham has ten libraries (Beckton, Canning Town, Custom House, East Ham, Green Street, Manor Park, North Woolwich, Plaistow, Stratford and Forest Gate) and a mobile library.

Canning Town Library was first opened in 1893 and still operates in the original building on Barking Road (albeit with repairs and a reconstructed interior following damage from air raids in 1940 and 1941.)Its opening hours are Monday,Tuesday & Saturday: 9:30am–5:30pm, Wednesday & Sunday: Closed, Thursday-Friday: 7:00am–6:00pm.[9]

Museums

Markets

There are a number of local markets in the Borough. The Council wants to improve and develop Queens Market (in Upton Park). The new development will include housing provision, shops, an upgraded and sanitary market,and new Council Local Service Centre and Library. These proposals are being fought by Friends of Queens Market.

Parks and open spaces

Performance

  • St. Mark's Church, Silvertown The church was designed by Samuel Saunders Teulon. It was built between 1861 and 1862 after a cholera epidemic swept the district and local clergy appealed through the columns of The Times for funds to provide an architectural, as well as spiritual, beacon for the area. It is now the home of the Brick Lane Music Hall.
  • Stratford Circus
  • Theatre Royal Stratford East
Vibrant Green Street where the population is predominantly South Asian

Shopping and exhibitions

  • Queen's Market, Upton Park - London's most lively and ethnically diverse market.
  • ExCeL Exhibition Centre- major exhibitions such as the Motor Show are now held at ExCeL.
  • Gallions Reach Shopping Park Out of town retail park
  • Green Street, the largest shopping centre catering for the Asian community in London[10]
  • Stratford Shopping Centre, a shopping centre which includes a small market and typical chainstores.

Sport

  • Newham is one of the five host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics. As a result it has been undergoing major upheavals, especially in the north of the borough, which are anticipated to end around 2016. The borough hopes to gain many advantages for its residents during that period. At the same time the new Westfield Shopping Centre, next to the Olympic Village, will have an even greater effect on the borough when it is completed well before the Olympics in 2011.
  • West Ham United Football Club is at Upton Park

Newspapers

The local newspaper is the Newham Recorder[11] and is edited by Colin Grainger.

Districts

Logo on the roadside at sunset

Transport

Transport in Newham is undergoing a major upgrade, with the completed Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension, with new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. Stratford International station on High Speed 1 opened in late 2009. The Crossrail scheme will also improve rail connections to several stations in the borough. The Docklands Light Railway was extended to serve London City Airport.

List of stations

International services

Bus routes

London Buses routes 5, 25, 58, 69, 86, 101, 104, 108, 115, 147, 158, 173, 238, 241, 257, 262, 276, 300, 308, 309, 323, 325, 330, 366, 376, 425, 473, 474, 488, D8, W19, School buses route 678 and Night route N8, N15, N86, N550 and N551.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
  2. ^ Mills, A., Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001).
  3. ^ The Civic Ambassador at Newham accessed 13 Dec 2006
  4. ^ Other Stories we Liked, The Times. 22 November 2005.
  5. ^ Simpson's diversity indices by ward 1991 and 2001 - GLA Data Management and Analysis Group (page 11, Table 3) (Jan 2006) date accessed 13 Dec 2006
  6. ^ Focus on Newham 2006 - local people and local conditions - London Borough of Newham, Corporate Research Unit (chapter 2, page 24) (2006) date accessed 31 Mar 2007
  7. ^ "Ethnic Group (Jun 06)". Neigbourhood Statistics 2006 estimates. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=276767&c=E6+1LA&d=13&e=13&g=343065&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=0&s=1237988258800&enc=1&dsFamilyId=1812. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  8. ^ Education and Learning (London Borough of Newham) accessed 24 March 2008
  9. ^ Cherry, Bridget et al. London 5: East: the Buildings of England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005
  10. ^ Green Street London E7
  11. ^ Newham Recorder | Newham news, sport, leisure, property, jobs and motors

External links

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°02′E / 51.517°N 0.033°E / 51.517; 0.033


Simple English

London Borough of Newham
[[Image:|200px|Newham]]
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.newham.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London Borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 326th
36.22 km²
ONS code 00BB
Admin HQ East Ham
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 42nd (of 354)
246,200
6,797 / km²
Ethnicity 39.4% White (33.7% British, 1.32% Irish, 3.66% White non-British)
32.5% South Asian
21.6% African-Caribbean
3.7% Mixed race
2.8% Chinese
0.1% Arab
Politics
Leadership Mayor & Cabinet
Mayor Sir Robin Wales
Executive Labour
MPs Lyn Brown
Jim Fitzpatrick
Stephen Timms
London Assembly
— Member
City and East
John Biggs

The London Borough of Newham is a London borough in east London.

Greater LondonLondonCity of London



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