London borough: Wikis

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London borough
Category Districts
Location Greater London
Created by London Government Act 1963
Created 1 April 1965
Number 32 (as at 2008)
Possible types Inner London (12)
Outer London (20)
Possible status City (1)
Royal borough (2)
Populations 150,000–300,000
Areas 15–150 km²
Government London Borough Council (31)
City Council (1)

The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. Inner London comprises twelve of these boroughs plus the City of London. Outer London comprises the twenty remaining boroughs of Greater London.

Contents

Functions

The London boroughs are administered by London Borough Councils which are elected every four years. The boroughs are the principal local authorities in London and are responsible for running most local services in their areas, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads. Some London-wide services are run by the Greater London Authority, and some services and lobbying of government are pooled within London Councils. Some London borough councils also group together for such services as waste collection and disposal, e.g. the West London Waste Authority. The London boroughs are local government districts and have similar functions to metropolitan boroughs. Each London borough is a Local Education Authority. Until 1990 the Inner London boroughs were served by a shared LEA, the Inner London Education Authority.

Nomenclature

There are three boroughs which do not use the term "London Borough of" in their names. They are Westminster, which is termed the City of Westminster as it has city status; and Kingston upon Thames and Kensington and Chelsea, which are termed "Royal Borough of", due to their Royal borough status. Additionally, the council for Westminster is termed Westminster City Council.

Map

  1. City of London
  2. City of Westminster
  3. Kensington and Chelsea*
  4. Hammersmith and Fulham
  5. Wandsworth
  6. Lambeth
  7. Southwark
  8. Tower Hamlets
  9. Hackney
  10. Islington
  11. Camden
  12. Brent
  13. Ealing
  14. Hounslow
  15. Richmond upon Thames
  16. Kingston upon Thames*
  17. Merton
City of London City of Westminster Kensington and Chelsea Hammersmith and Fulham Wandsworth Lambeth Southwark Tower Hamlets Hackney Islington Camden Brent Ealing Hounslow Richmond upon Thames Kingston Merton Sutton Croydon Bromley Lewisham Greenwich Bexley Havering Barking and Dagenham Redbridge Newham Waltham Forest Haringey Enfield Barnet Harrow Hillingdon London-boroughs.svg
About this image
  1. Sutton
  2. Croydon
  3. Bromley
  4. Lewisham
  5. Greenwich* (Her Majesty the Queen has bestowed the status of Royal Borough upon Greenwich, to take effect in the year of the Diamond Jubilee in 2012)
  6. Bexley
  7. Havering
  8. Barking and Dagenham
  9. Redbridge
  10. Newham
  11. Waltham Forest
  12. Haringey
  13. Enfield
  14. Barnet
  15. Harrow
  16. Hillingdon
† not a London borough
* Royal Borough

History

The present London boroughs were created by the London Government Act 1963. They came into existence on 1 April 1965 with the creation of Greater London. The first London Borough elections had been held in 1964 with the newly elected London Borough Councils acting as "shadow" authorities before coming into power the following year.

They had wider authority than the inner London metropolitan boroughs and neighbouring urban districts and municipal boroughs which they mostly replaced, but less power than the three county boroughs of Croydon, West Ham and East Ham, which ceased to exist at the same time.

Between 1965 and 1986 the London boroughs were part of a two-tier system of government, and shared power with the Greater London Council (GLC). However on 1 April 1986, the GLC was abolished, the London boroughs inherited most of its powers and became in effect unitary authorities (combining both county and borough functions). Since the creation in 2000 of a new Greater London Authority, covering the former GLC area but with more limited powers, the boroughs now have powers intermediate between those of English unitary authorities and non-metropolitan districts within shire counties.

The City of London is administered by its own distinct body, the City of London Corporation, which predates the London boroughs.

The word borough has cognates in virtually every Germanic language, as well as other Indo-European languages. For a fuller explanation, see under borough.

Former authorities

The boroughs were created as follows. There have been some changes to boundaries and some boroughs have been renamed since 1965.

Inner London borough Former areas
Camden Hampstead (11a) Holborn (11b) St Pancras (11c)
Greenwich Greenwich (22a) Woolwich (part) (22b)
Hackney Hackney (9a) Shoreditch (9b) Stoke Newington (9c)
Hammersmith Hammersmith (4a) Fulham (4b)
Islington Islington (10a) Finsbury (10b)
Kensington and Chelsea Kensington (3a) Chelsea (3b)
Lambeth Lambeth (6a) Wandsworth (part) (6b)
Lewisham Lewisham (21a) Deptford (2b)
Southwark Bermondsey (7b) Camberwell (7c) Southwark (7a)
Tower Hamlets Bethnal Green (8a) Poplar (8c) Stepney (8b)
Wandsworth Battersea (5b) Wandsworth (part) (5a)
Westminster Paddington (2c) St Marylebone (2b) Westminster (2a)

Greater London composite parts.PNG

Outer London borough Former areas
Barking Barking (part) (25a) Dagenham (part) (25b)
Barnet Barnet (31a) East Barnet (31b) Finchley (31d) Hendon (31c) Friern Barnet (31e)
Bexley Bexley (23b) Erith (23a) Crayford (23c) Chislehurst and Sidcup (part) (23d)
Brent Wembley (12a) Willesden (12b)
Bromley Bromley (20c) Beckenham (20b) Orpington (20e) Penge (20a) Chislehurst and Sidcup (part) (20d)
Croydon Croydon (19a) Coulsdon and Purley (19b)
Ealing Acton (13b) Ealing (13a) Southall (13c)
Enfield Edmonton (30c) Enfield (30a) Southgate (30b)
Haringey Hornsey (29b) Tottenham (29c) Wood Green (29a)
Harrow Harrow (32)
Havering Romford (24a) Hornchurch (24b)
Hillingdon Hayes and Harlington (33c) Ruislip Northwood (33b) Uxbridge (33a) Yiewsley and West Drayton (33d)
Hounslow Brentford and Chiswick (14c) Feltham (14a) Heston and Isleworth (14b)
Kingston upon Thames Kingston upon Thames (16a) Malden and Coombe (16b) Surbiton (16c)
Merton Mitcham (17c) Merton and Morden (17b) Wimbledon (17a)
Newham East Ham (27a) West Ham (27b) Barking (part) (27c) Woolwich (part) (27d)
Redbridge Ilford (26a) Wanstead and Woodford (26b) Dagenham (part) (26c) Chigwell (part) (26d)
Richmond upon Thames Barnes (15a) Richmond (15b) Twickenham (15c)
Sutton Beddington (18c) Carshalton (18b) Sutton and Cheam (18a)
Waltham Forest Chingford (28a) Leyton (28c) Walthamstow (28b)

See also

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. Twelve of these plus the City of London constitute Inner London, while twenty others constitute Outer London.

Contents

Functions

The London boroughs are administered by London Borough Councils which are elected every four years. There are three councils which do not proceed their names with "London Borough of". Westminster has city status; its council is termed Westminster City Council and the borough is termed City of Westminster. Kingston upon Thames and Kensington and Chelsea are "Royal Boroughs" and use this designation in their official names, although the councils are termed London Borough Councils.

The boroughs are the most important unit of local government in London, and are responsible for running most local services in their areas, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads. Some London-wide services are run by the Greater London Authority, and some services and lobbying of government are pooled within the Association of London Government, which recently changed its name to London Councils. Some London borough councils also group together for such services as waste transport and disposal, e.g. the West London Waste Authority.

The London boroughs are local government districts and have similar functions to metropolitan boroughs. Each London borough is a Local Education Authority. Until 1990 the Inner London boroughs were served by a shared LEA, the Inner London Education Authority.

History

The present boroughs came into existence on 1 April 1965 with the creation of Greater London. The first London Borough elections had been held in 1964 with the newly elected London Borough Councils acting as "shadow" Authorities before coming into power the following year.

They had wider authority than the inner London metropolitan boroughs and neighbouring urban districts and municipal boroughs which they mostly replaced, but less power than the three county boroughs of Croydon, West Ham and East Ham, which ceased to exist at the same time.

Between 1965 and 1986 the London boroughs were part of a two-tier system of government, and shared power with the Greater London Council (GLC). However on 1 April 1986, the GLC was abolished, the London boroughs inherited most of its powers and became in effect unitary authorities (combining both county and borough functions). Since the creation in 2000 of a new Greater London Authority, covering the former GLC area but with more limited powers, the boroughs now have powers intermediate between those of English unitary authorities and non-metropolitan districts within shire counties.

The City of London is administered by its own distinct body, the Corporation of London, which predates the London boroughs.

The word borough has cognates in virtually every Germanic language, as well as other Indo-European languages. For a fuller explanation, see under borough.

Inner London boroughs

London Borough Former metropolitan boroughs
Camden Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras
Greenwich Greenwich, most of Woolwich
Hackney Hackney, Shoreditch, Stoke Newington
Hammersmith and Fulham Hammersmith, Fulham
Islington Islington, Finsbury
Kensington and Chelsea Kensington, Chelsea
Lambeth Lambeth (and Streatham and Clapham from Wandsworth)
Lewisham Lewisham, Deptford
Southwark Bermondsey, Camberwell, Southwark
Tower Hamlets Bethnal Green, Poplar, Stepney
Wandsworth Battersea, Wandsworth (except Streatham and Clapham)
Westminster Paddington, St Marylebone, Westminster

Outer London boroughs

London Borough Former boroughs and districts
Barking and Dagenham Municipal Borough of Barking
and Municipal Borough of Dagenham from Essex
Barnet Barnet Urban District
and East Barnet Urban District from Hertfordshire

Municipal Borough of Finchley, Municipal Borough of Hendon
and Friern Barnet Urban District from Middlesex
Bexley Municipal Borough of Bexley, Municipal Borough of Erith, Crayford Urban District
and Sidcup from Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District from Kent
Brent Municipal Borough of Wembley
and Municipal Borough of Willesden from Middlesex
Bromley Municipal Borough of Bromley, Municipal Borough of Beckenham,
Orpington Urban District, Penge Urban District
and Chislehurst from Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District from Kent
Croydon County Borough of Croydon
and Coulsdon and Purley Urban District from Surrey
Ealing Municipal Borough of Acton, Municipal Borough of Ealing
and Municipal Borough of Southall from Middlesex
Enfield Municipal Borough of Edmonton, Municipal Borough of Enfield
and Municipal Borough of Southgate from Middlesex
Haringey Municipal Borough of Hornsey, Municipal Borough of Tottenham
and Municipal Borough of Wood Green from Middlesex
Harrow Municipal Borough of Harrow from Middlesex
Havering Municipal Borough of Romford
and Hornchurch Urban District from Essex
Hillingdon Hayes and Harlington Urban District, Ruislip Northwood Urban District,
Municipal Borough of Uxbridge and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District from Middlesex
Hounslow Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick, Feltham Urban District
and Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth from Middlesex
Kingston upon Thames Municipal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe
and Municipal Borough of Surbiton from Surrey
Merton Municipal Borough of Mitcham, Merton and Morden Urban District
and Municipal Borough of Wimbledon from Surrey
Newham County Borough of East Ham, County Borough of West Ham
and part of Municipal Borough of Barking from Essex
North Woolwich from County of London
Redbridge Municipal Borough of Ilford, Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford
and part of Municipal Borough of Dagenham
and part of Chigwell Urban District from Essex
Richmond upon Thames Municipal Borough of Barnes
and Municipal Borough of Richmond upon Thames from Surrey

Municipal Borough of Twickenham from Middlesex
Sutton Municipal Borough of Beddington, Carshalton Urban District
and Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam from Surrey
Waltham Forest Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Leyton
and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow from Essex

See also: List of places in London

See also

  • The Five Boroughs

External links

Facts about London boroughRDF feed

This article uses material from the "London borough" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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