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The London station group is a ring of eighteen stations served by the National Rail network in central London, England. Most are terminal stations, although a few are through stations or have a combination of terminal and through platforms. The station group is rendered on tickets as London Terminals.[1] All current stations in the group are in London fare zone 1. The large number of terminal stations is explained by the refusal of Parliament to allow railway lines to enter the centre of London in the 19th century, causing them to form a ring, connected by underground railways.[2] The majority of the larger stations managed by Network Rail are in the group.[3]

Contents

Group members

The group currently includes:[1]

Former members

Station statistics

Station Image Location Coordinates Managed by London services National services Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2004/5[6]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2005/6[6]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2006/7[6]
Open
date
Terminal
platformsc
Through
platformsc
Blackfriars Blackfriars station main entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′40″N 0°06′11″W / 51.511°N 0.103°W / 51.511; -0.103 (Blackfriars) First Capital Connect NW, N, S, SE Thameslink 7.782 8.259 11.852 1886 2 2
Cannon Street Cannon Street station.jpg City of London 51°30′36″N 0°05′24″W / 51.510°N 0.090°W / 51.510; -0.090 (Cannon Street) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex 17.460 17.614 21.106 1866 7 0
Charing Cross Charing Cross stn building from platforms.JPG Westminster 51°30′25″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507°N 0.123°W / 51.507; -0.123 (Charing Cross) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex 28.822 28.562 34.779 1864 6 0
City Thameslink City Thameslink stn Ludgate Hill entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′58″N 0°06′11″W / 51.516°N 0.103°W / 51.516; -0.103 (City Thameslink) First Capital Connect NW, N, S, SE Thameslink 4.010 4.645 5.479 1988 0 2
Euston Euston station facade.jpg Camden 51°31′41″N 0°07′59″W / 51.528°N 0.133°W / 51.528; -0.133 (Euston) Network Rail[3] NW West Coast Main Line 26.256 27.162 25.585 1837 18 0
Fenchurch Street Fenchurch street station.jpg City of London 51°30′40″N 0°04′41″W / 51.511°N 0.078°W / 51.511; -0.078 (Fenchurch Street) Network Rail[3] E Southend-on-Sea 16.086 15.746 15.189 1841 4 0
Kings Cross King's Cross stn building.JPG Camden 51°31′55″N 0°07′23″W / 51.532°N 0.123°W / 51.532; -0.123 (Kings Cross) Network Rail[3] N East Coast Main Line 20.805 20.302 22.504 1852 11 0
Liverpool Street Liverpool Street station entrance Bishopsgate.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°04′52″W / 51.518°N 0.081°W / 51.518; -0.081 (Liverpool Street) Network Rail[3] E, NE East of England 50.469 47.271 55.266 1874 18 0
London Bridge London Bridge mainline stn Tooley Street entrance.JPG Southwark 51°30′18″N 0°05′10″W / 51.505°N 0.086°W / 51.505; -0.086 (London Bridge) Network Rail[3] S, SE, NW Kent and East Sussex 37.020 37.416 47.577 1836 9 6
Marylebone Marylebone station entrance.JPG Westminster 51°31′19″N 0°09′47″W / 51.522°N 0.163°W / 51.522; -0.163 (Marylebone) Chiltern Railways NW Birmingham 6.949 6.819 11.689 1899 6 0
Moorgate Moorgate entrance Mfields.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°05′17″W / 51.518°N 0.088°W / 51.518; -0.088 (Moorgate) London Underground N Hertfordshire 7.135 7.263 9.236 1865 2 0
Old Street Old Street stn northwest entrance.JPG City of London 51°31′30″N 0°05′13″W / 51.525°N 0.087°W / 51.525; -0.087 (Old Street) London Underground N Hertfordshire NO DATA NO DATA 0.734 1901 0 2
Paddington Paddington Station 01.jpg Westminster 51°31′01″N 0°10′37″W / 51.517°N 0.177°W / 51.517; -0.177 (Paddington) Network Rail[3] W Great Western Main Line 25.788 26.501 27.259 1854 14 0
St Pancras St Pancras International stn east entrance.JPG Camden 51°31′48″N 0°07′30″W / 51.530°N 0.125°W / 51.530; -0.125 (St Pancras) Network Rail[3] N, NW, S, SE Midland Main Line 5.471 4.893 5.777 1868 13 2
Vauxhall Vauxhall mainline stn north building.JPG Lambeth 51°29′06″N 0°07′19″W / 51.485°N 0.122°W / 51.485; -0.122 (Vauxhall) South West Trains SW South West England 7.952 7.687 10.469 1848 0 10
Victoria London Victoria Station frontage.jpg Westminster 51°29′46″N 0°08′38″W / 51.496°N 0.144°W / 51.496; -0.144 (Victoria) Network Rail[3] S, SE, SW Kent and Sussex 48.046 47.860 66.749 1862 19 0
Waterloo Waterloo station.JPG Lambeth 51°30′11″N 0°06′47″W / 51.503°N 0.113°W / 51.503; -0.113 (Waterloo) Network Rail[3] SW South West England 62.388 61.036 89.993 1848 19 0
Waterloo East Waterloo East stn entrance Waterloo concourse.JPG Lambeth 51°30′14″N 0°06′36″W / 51.504°N 0.110°W / 51.504; -0.110 (Waterloo East) Southeastern S, SE Kent and East Sussex 4.905 4.904 6.329 1869 0 4

See also

Footnotes

  • Note a: for Thameslink from the north only[1]
  • Note b: for Thameslink from the south only[1]
  • Note c: does not include London Underground

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Section A". National Fares Manual 98. Association of Train Operating Companies. http://www.atoc.org/retail/_downloads/NFM98/NFM98_Common_A.pdf. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  
  2. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1843540231.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Stations Run by Network Rail". Network Rail. http://www.networkrail.co.uk/aspx/765.aspx. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  
  4. ^ National Fares Manual 57, 29 May 1994
  5. ^ "Section A". National Fares Manual 97. Association of Train Operating Companies. http://www.atoc.org/retail/_downloads/NFM97/NFM97_Common_A.pdf. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  
  6. ^ a b c "Station usage". Office of Rail Regulation. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1529. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  
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