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Longitudinal inline 6 in a Rover 2300

In automotive engineering, a longitudinal engine is an internal combustion engine in which the crankshaft is oriented along the long axis of the vehicle, front to back.

Most rear wheel drive vehicles use this engine orientation, while most modern front wheel drive vehicles use a side-to-side transverse engine arrangement.

Contents

Position placement of longitudinal engines

Engines may be placed in three main positions within the motor car:

  • front engine - where the engine is mounted under the bonnet/hood, over the front axle (sometimes ahead of the front axle, sometimes behind it: "central-front" engine),
  • rear engine - where the engine is mounted where the boot/trunk would normally be, either over, or to the rear of the rear axle,
  • mid engine - where the engine is mounted between the front and rear axles, usually where the rear seats would be sited.

Common types of longitudinally placed engines

This is a list of typical examples of types of engines which can be placed in motor vehicles:

References

See also

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Simple English

in a Rover 2300]]

A longitudinal engine is an engine mounted in a vehicle so that the engine's crankshaft is parallel with the vehicle, front to back. The majority of rear wheel drive vehicles use a longitudinal engine design. where the engine's crankshaft axis is parallel to the vehicle. Many modern front wheel drive vehicles use a transverse engine mounting design.

Placement of longitudinal engines

Engines may be placed in three main positions within the car:

  • front engine mounted - the engine is mounted under the hood, over the front axle
  • rear engine mounted - the engine is mounted where the trunk would normally be, over the rear axle
  • mid engine mounted - the engine is mounted between the front and rear axles, where the rear seats would be located

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