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Coordinates: 50°01′00″N 1°59′00″E / 50.016667°N 1.983333°E / 50.016667; 1.983333

Commune of Longpré-les-Corps-Saints

Longpré-les-Corps-Saints monument-aux-morts.jpg
World War I memorial in churchyard
Location
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Map highlighting the commune of
Administration
Country France
Region Picardie
Department Somme
Arrondissement Abbeville
Canton Hallencourt
Intercommunality Région d'Hallencourt
Mayor Alain Drouvin
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 6–98 m (20–320 ft)
(avg. 22 m/72 ft)
Land area1 8.06 km2 (3.11 sq mi)
Population2 1,691  (2006)
 - Density 210 /km2 (540 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 80488/ 80510
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Longpré-les-Corps-Saints is a commune in Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Contents

Geography

Situated on the D3 and D216 junction and on the banks of the Somme River, surrounded by peat fen, some 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Abbeville. The railway from Paris to Boulogne-sur-Mer has a station here.

An earlier local railway [1] , once carried freight and some passengers. It opened in 1872 and closed in 1993.

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
1858 1902 1857 1641 1519 1561 1691
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

History

Les Corps Saints is named after the thousands of supposedly holy relics (the bones of saints, pieces of the ‘true cross’ etc) brought back by Crusaders from the Holy Land. The region was quite wealthy, thanks to the exploitation of the peat, found here in abundance.[2]

A collegial church was established here, and by the 13th century had attrached the attention of Popes, notably Innocent III and Gregory IX who granted it their protection. It was called at that time “Longpré -les-Corps-Saints”. The relics would be promenaded though the streets, a practise which still goes on nowadays.

The town around 1900
The crypt, all that remains of the first church

Longpré was burnt down twice by the English during the Hundred Years War, the first time just before the Battle of Crécy, the second time before the Battle of Agincourt.
Pope Eugene IV had the badly-damaged church rebuilt in 1437,[3].

Old columns forming part of the present church grounds

During the Wars of Religion, to avoid the Huguenots, the inhabitants of Longpré ran way. The clergy of the collegial church, the canons, took refuge at Saint-Vulfran’s abbey in Abbeville. Afterwards, the collegial chapter was restored, but it was never as great as in its earlier days. By the time of the French Revolution, there were only 10 canons.

Plaque commemorating five French soldiers

On 28 December 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, the Germans fought and killed 8 and wounded 15 combatants and civilians. 60 French prisoners were taken

From the 28th May to the 6th June 1940, French troops were engaged in defending the town against the panzers of General Rommel. The town was reduced to rubble. 90% of the town was destroyed and the spire of the church collapsed.

Places of interest

Eroded stonework of the church
  • The church
  • The 1870 war memorial, listing 5 dead
  • The 1914-1918 war memorial, listing 42 French dead.
  • The British war cemetery 1914-1918 contains the remains of 78 British & Commonwealth troops and one French soldier.
  • Memorial to the Battle of France, June 1940

See also

References

  1. ^ Source:Fcvnet
  2. ^ page 286, Tome I de « Histoire des Cathédrales, Abbayes, Châteaux-forts et Villes de la Picardie et de l'Artois », Paul Roger, Editions Duval et Herment, Amiens, 1842 (Réimpression Editions La Découvrance, 2003) - ISBN : 2-84265-206-1
  3. ^ Document conservé aux Archives Départementales

External links

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