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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 49°31′12″N 5°45′38″E / 49.52°N 5.76055555556°E / 49.52; 5.76055555556

Commune of Longwy

Location
Longwy is located in France
Longwy
Administration
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Meurthe-et-Moselle
Arrondissement Briey
Canton Longwy
Intercommunality Longwy
Mayor Edouard Jacque
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 250–396 m (820–1,300 ft)
(avg. 254 m/830 ft)
Land area1 5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)
Population2 14,521  (1999)
 - Density 2,719 /km2 (7,040 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 54323/ 54400
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Longwy (French pronunciation: [lɔ̃wi]; German: Langich) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

The inhabitants are known as Longoviciens.

Contents

Economy

Longwy has historically been an industrial center of the Lorraine iron mining district. The town is known for its artistic glazed pottery.

History

Longwy initially belonged to Lotharingia. After the division of that kingdom, the town became part of Upper Lorraine and ultimately the Duchy of Bar. Longwy was ceded to the Duke Wenceslaus I of Luxembourg in 1368, but was returned to Bar in 1378. The Duchy of Bar was then annexed into the Duchy of Lorraine in 1480.

From 1648-1660 Longwy was part of the Kingdom of France, returning to the Duchy of Lorraine afterwards. It was made part of France again in 1670, a situation which was finalized in the Treaties of Nijmegen in 1678. Vauban fortified the town during the reign of King Louis XIV of France.

Miscellaneous

The Luxembourgish painter Jean-Baptiste Fresez (1800-1867) was born in Longwy.

In 2008, the ville neuve ("New Town"), was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as part of the "Fortifications of Vauban" group.

References

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 22 January 2007 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LONGWY, a fortified town of north-eastern France in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, 89 m. N.N.W. of Nancy by rail. Pop. (1906) 8523. Longwy is situated on a plateau overlooking the Chiers, a right-bank affluent of the Meuse, near the frontiers of Belgium and Luxemburg. It comprises an upper and a lower town; the former, on a hill, 390 ft. above the Chiers valley, commands the Luxemburg road, and is strengthened by an enceinte and a few out-lying fortifications. There is garrison accommodation for 5000 men and Boo horses, but the permanent garrison is small. The lower town is the industrial centre. The 17th-century church has a lofty square tower, the hotel de ville dates from 1730, and there is a fine hospital. Iron is extensively mined in the district, and supplies numerous blast furnaces. Several iron and steel works are in operation, and metal utensils, fire-proof ware and porcelain are manufactured. Longwy (Longus vicus) came into the possession of the French in 1678 and was at once fortified by Vauban. It was captured by the Prussians in 1792, 1815 and 1871.


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