The Full Wiki

Looney Tunes Golden Collection: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Looney Tunes Golden Collection was an annual series of six[1] four-disc DVD box sets from Warner Bros.' home video unit Warner Home Video, each containing about 60 Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies animated shorts. The series began in October 2003 and ended in October 2008[1].

Contents

Overview

The Golden Collection series was launched in the aftermath of the success of the Walt Disney Treasures series that itself collected archived Disney material.

These collections were made possible after the merger of Time Warner (which owned the color cartoons released from 8/1/1948 onward, as well as the black-and-white Looney Tunes, the post-Harman/Ising black-and-white Merrie Melodies, and the first H/I Merrie Melodies entry: Lady, Play Your Mandolin!) and Turner Broadcasting System (which owned the color cartoons released prior to 8/1/1948, and the remaining Harman/Ising Merrie Melodies; most of these cartoons had been released as part of The Golden Age of Looney Tunes laserdisc series), along with the subsequent transfer of video rights to the Turner library from MGM Home Entertainment to Warner Home Video.

The cartoons included on the set are uncut, unedited, and digitally restored and remastered from the original successive Technicolor film negatives (or, in the case of the black and white shorts, the original black and white negatives). However, some of the cartoons in these collections are derived from the "Blue Ribbon" reissues (altered from their original versions with their revised front-and-end credit sequences), as the original titles for these cartoons are presumably lost. Where the original titles, instead of the "Blue Ribbon" titles, still exist, Warner has taken the "Blue Ribbon" titles out.

A handful of cartoons in the first two collections and the bonus cartoons on vol 6. have digital video noise reduction (or DVNR) artifacting. The noise reduction process sometimes unintentionally erases or blurs some of the picture on certain scenes of the cartoons, which has caused controversy among some Looney Tunes fans. The most recent collections, however, lack such artifacting. Since August 2007, Warner Bros. Home Video has been quietly reissuing copies of the fourth disc of Volume 2 that lacks artifacting and interlacing, because of numerous complaints by consumers.

Beginning with Volume 3, a warning was printed on the packaging explaining that the collection is intended for adults and the content may not be suitable for children. This goes along with Whoopi Goldberg's filmed introduction in Volume 3 that explains the history of ethnic imagery that frequently appears in cartoons of the 1930s and 1940s. Beginning with Volume 4, a singular disclaimer text card similar to Goldberg's spoken disclaimer precedes each disc's main menu.

The DVDs also feature several special features including interviews/documentaries of the people behind the cartoons such as Chuck Jones, Friz Freleng, Bob Clampett, Tex Avery, Carl Stalling, and Mel Blanc, pencil tests, and audio commentaries by animation historians Jerry Beck, Michael Barrier, and Greg Ford, as well as current animators Paul Dini, Eric Goldberg, and John Kricfalusi.

In some regions, such as Region 2 & 4, each disc in each volume is packaged (or re-packaged) separately.[2]

Releases

Advertisements

Volume 1

Volume 1 (released on October 28, 2003) contains 56 cartoons (all in color) mostly from the 1950s with a smaller selection of shorts from the 1940s. Popular shorts include:

Disc-by-disc breakdown

Statistics

Volume 2

Volume 2 (released on November 2, 2004) contains a broader selection of cartoons from the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s including

Volume 2 contains 60 cartoons: 58 in color and 2 in black and white. From here on out, all subsequent volumes have 60 restored cartoons.

Disc-by-disc breakdown

  • Disc one is the all-Bugs Bunny disc
  • Disc two has 11 Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner shorts, along with four other cartoons from their creator, Chuck Jones
  • Disc three contains 9 Sylvester/Tweety shorts, along with 6 cartoons starring Daffy Duck and/or Porky Pig (most of which are directed by Tweety creator Bob Clampett, along with one from Sylvester creator Friz Freleng, and one from Chuck Jones - who paired Sylvester and Porky in a series of shorts in spooky settings, though the Jones cartoon on this disc is Old Glory). One in the latter set of cartoons actually stars a version of Sylvester.
  • Disc four is an all-stars disc, though there is some co-relation between each cartoon on the disc: they are either musicals (with lots of singing), Hollywood parodies, set on a stage, or incorporate other forms of show-business.

Statistics

  • 31 of the color cartoons on the set were in WB's own television packages (released August 1, 1948 or later), while the amount of a.a.p.-owned color cartoons (released before August 1, 1948) tripled from the last set to 27. The remaining two cartoons are the first from the Sunset Productions package (all black-and-white cartoons except the Harman-Ising Merrie Melodies from Smile, Darn Ya, Smile! onward) to be released on one of the sets.
  • Bugs Bunny, despite appearing in fewer cartoons in this set, still has the most representation, with 20 cartoons.
  • This volume was the first to contain creditless Blue Ribbons released as such - in other words, their original credits were not found.
  • Despite that, four Blue Ribboned cartoons did get restored to their original form on this set: Baby Bottleneck, Back Alley Oproar, Book Revue (reissued as Book Review), and I Love to Singa. In addition, although its opening wasn't found, Old Glory does have its original ending restored. Similarly, although it is still a Blue Ribbon, Have You Got Any Castles has previously-excised footage featuring a caricature of Alexander Woollcott restored.
  • The number of one-shots on the set is 7, up from 1 on the last set.
  • This set has the first restored cartoons from the following directors: Tex Avery, Ben Hardaway/Cal Dalton, and Frank Tashlin.
  • Chuck Jones defends his title as most-represented director on an LTGC set, having 22 cartoons. Friz Freleng is a close second with 21 cartoons. Combined, they have 43 cartoons on this set, nearly 3/4 of all cartoons on this set.
  • Two character debuts are on the set: One Froggy Evening (Michigan J. Frog, considered a one-shot in the classic era) and Tortoise Beats Hare (Cecil Turtle).
  • The number of restored Oscar-winners goes up to 3, as Tweetie Pie (1947) joins the list.
  • Four public domain cartoons have been restored for this set: A Corny Concerto, The Dover Boys, Have You Got Any Castles?, and Hollywood Steps Out.

Volume 3

Volume 3 (released on October 25, 2005) contains a selection of cartoons (52 in color, 8 in black-and-white) mostly from the 30s and 40s, but with some from the 50s and 60s including such popular shorts as

Additional features include three Private Snafu cartoons, a 1963 television show pilot entitled Philbert, and two Harman-Ising era shorts:

Disc-by-disc breakdown

  • Disc one, as with previous volumes, is all Bugs Bunny.
  • Disc two features Hollywood caricatures and parodies.
  • Disc three mainly concerns Porky Pig, with a few other pig-related cartoons thrown in.
  • Disc four is the all-stars disc.

Statistics

  • 31 of the color cartoons came from the a.a.p. package - more than any other set. The other 21 color cartoons were in WB's own packages. The 8 black-and-white cartoons were in the Sunset Productions package.
  • Bugs Bunny remains the most-represented character, having 20 cartoons on the set (same as last volume).
  • Two Blue Ribboned cartoons have their original titles restored: Daffy Duck and Egghead and Speaking of the Weather. Both shorts have incorrect ending music though due to the soundtrack being sourced from the Turner "dubbed versions".
  • Birds Anonymous joins the list of restored Oscar-winners.
  • Jack King is the only director to be represented for the first time on this set, with Hollywood Capers.
  • Chuck Jones is once again the most-represented director, having 15 cartoons on this set. The only others with at least 10 are Friz Freleng (12 cartoons) and Robert McKimson (11 cartoons). These three combine for 38 of the cartoons on the set, almost 2/3.
  • 6 character debuts are on this set: I Haven't Got a Hat (Beans, Ham and Ex, Kitty, Oliver Owl, Porky Pig), No Barking (Frisky Puppy), Odor-able Kitty (Pepé Le Pew), Porky's Romance (Petunia Pig), Rabbit Punch (The Crusher), and Walky Talky Hawky (Foghorn Leghorn and the Barnyard Dawg).
  • 7 cartoons that fell into the public domain years before have been restored for this release: Case of the Missing Hare, Falling Hare, Hollywood Capers, Pigs in a Polka, Porky Pig's Feat, The Wabbit Who Came to Supper, and Wackiki Wabbit. In addition, the original release version of An Itch in Time was released without copyright protection, but for the Blue Ribbon version, a copyright was filed, and still stands to this day.
  • The number of one-shots restored on this set is 9 - more than the previous two combined.

Volume 4

Volume 4 (released on November 14, 2006) contains selections (51 in color and 9 in black and white) ranging from 1936 to 1966 (the latest Looney Tunes cartoon yet).

Disc-by-disc breakdown

  • Disc one continues the tradition of the all-Bugs Bunny disc.
  • Disc two is dedicated to director Frank Tashlin.
  • Disc three contains only Speedy Gonzales cartoons.
  • Disc four consists of cartoons starring obscure cats, with a few Sylvester cartoons thrown in for good measure.

Statistics

  • 40 of the color cartoons on this set (2/3 of the selection) were in WB's own television packages. The remaining color cartoons were in a.a.p. package. All 9 black-and-white cartoons were in the Sunset Productions package.
  • Bugs Bunny keeps his title as the most-represented character, though his number of cartoons is down to 15, and now he shares the title with Speedy Gonzales.
  • Frank Tashlin, with help from his own disc, is the most-represented director on this set, breaking a three-year streak from Chuck Jones - who, along with Friz Freleng and Robert McKimson, each have 14 cartoons. The remainder are directed by either Bob Clampett or Arthur Davis.
  • The last Oscar-winner to be restored is Knighty Knight Bugs, the only Bugs Bunny cartoon ever to win an Oscar.
  • Three character debuts are on this set: The Aristo-Cat (Claude Cat and Hubie and Bertie), Cat-Tails for Two (Speedy Gonzales) and Mississippi Hare (Colonel Shuffle).
  • The number of one-shots is now at 11.
  • The Night Watchman is the only cartoon on this set with its original titles restored after years of existing only as a Blue Ribbon reissue.
  • Porky's Railroad is the only public domain cartoon restored for this set.
  • This set features the first three cartoons with the "Abstract WB" titles to be restored: A-Haunting We Will Go, Pancho's Hideaway, and The Wild Chase

Volume 5

Volume 5 (released on October 30, 2007) is the next-to-last volume to be released, with 41 color cartoons and 19 black-and-white cartoons (the most of any set thus far).

Disc-by-disc breakdown

  • Disc one features Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck. This is the first time that the first disc is not entirely dedicated to Bugs Bunny, now sharing the spotlight with Daffy Duck.
  • Disc two contains parodies of fairy tale stories.
  • Disc three honors the work of director Bob Clampett.
  • Disc four features Porky Pig and other early classics - all in black-and white (the first such disc in the LTGC).

Special features includes the 2000 PBS documentary Chuck Jones: Extremes and In-Betweens, a Life in Animation, and the director's cut ending from Hare Ribbin'.

Statistics

  • 22 of the featured color cartoons are from the a.a.p. package, while the remaining 19 were in WB-owned packages. All 19 black-and-white cartoons are from the Sunset Productions package, a record.
  • Bugs Bunny, with only 13 shorts, is no longer the most-represented character. That title now goes to Porky Pig, with 17 cartoons on this set.
  • Bob Clampett, helped in part by his own disc, is the most-represented director on this set with 21 cartoons.
  • Directors making their LTGC debuts on this set are Tom Palmer and Hawley Pratt.
  • Two character debuts are on this set: A Tale of Two Kitties (Tweety) and Bewitched Bunny (Witch Hazel).
  • I've Got to Sing a Torch Song (part of the Sunset package) is the first black-and-white Merrie Melodie to be restored on DVD.
  • The Bashful Buzzard marked the first time that a Blue Ribbon with a static title card saying "THE END" in Lydian lettering was refurbished for DVD release.
  • A record 5 creditless Blue Ribbons have their original titles restored on this release: The Bear's Tale, Holiday for Shoestrings, Little Red Walking Hood, The Trial of Mr. Wolf, and You Were Never Duckier.
  • 8 public domain cartoons (also a record) have been restored for this release: Eatin' on the Cuff, or The Moth Who Came to Dinner, Farm Frolics, Foney Fables, Porky's Pooch, Porky's Preview, Scrap Happy Daffy, A Tale of Two Kitties, and The Wacky Wabbit.

Volume 6

Volume 6[1](released on October 21, 2008) concludes the entire series of the Golden Collection. The ratio of color to black-and-white cartoons (41 to 19) is the same as the previous volume.

Disc-by-disc breakdown

  • Disc one is an all-star disc comprising cartoons from various characters.
  • Disc two (Patriotic Pals) is a war-themed disc, primarily featuring shorts released during World War II.
  • Disc three, which is all black-and-white, focuses on the early days of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, and features many shorts with Bosko and Buddy.
  • The fourth and final disc is filled with the most requested shorts (all one-shots), including Horton Hatches the Egg and Norman Normal.

In addition, there are 20 bonus cartoons, including various Warner Bros. shorts and several shorts directed by Friz Freleng for MGM in the late 1930s.[1]

Statistics

Future DVD releases of Looney Tunes

According to Jerry Beck, consulting producer to the Golden Collection series[3], Warner Home Video will continue to release Looney Tunes cartoons on DVD in 2009 and beyond[4][5], presumably as a different series. However, during a January 28, 2009 discussion on Shokus internet radio, Beck stated that there would be no such releases in 2009.

Along with the release of the Golden Collections, WB also released Looney Tunes Spotlight Collections which packaged only half of the cartoons of the Golden Collection on two DVDs. The exception to this practice was in 2005, with Warners Home Video instead releasing the somewhat-misnamed Looney Tunes Movie Collection, which featured DVDs containing edited versions of The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie and Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales.

In November 2009, it was reported that two new single disc DVD releases with 15 cartoons each, with one DVD featuring Bugs Bunny and the other featuring Daffy Duck, would be released in April 2010. It was also reported that these 30 cartoons would not contain any duplicates that had already been released as part of the Looney Tunes Golden Collection releases.[6] This new series of DVDs is called Looney Tunes Super Stars, and the first two titles are Bugs Bunny: Hare Extraordinaire and Daffy Duck: Frustrated Fowl, which were supposed to be released on April 27, 2010,[7] but have been rescheduled to August 10, 2010.[8] These new DVDs will still have the cartoons digitally restored and remastered - in addition to being shown uncut and uncensored. According to Jerry Beck over at GoldenAgeCartoons.com, a second set of Looney Tunes Super Stars DVDs will be released by the end of the year.[9]

Available shorts

This is a listing of the shorts in the Warner Bros.' Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series currently available on the Looney Tunes Golden Collections. See the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies filmography for a more detailed list of all the shorts.

Key

  • L = Looney Tunes
  • M = Merrie Melodies
  • Blueribbon icon.png = was reissued as a Blue Ribbon Merrie Melodie
  • NT = Non-Theatrical Shorts
  • X:Y = Volume X, Disc Y (s if unrestored and/or included only among special features.)
  1. Bosko, the Talk-Ink Kid (Harman and Ising/1:4s) - 1929
  2. L Sinkin' in the Bathtub (Harman and Ising/Apr/3:2s) - 1930
  3. L Congo Jazz (Harman and Ising/Sep/6:3) - 1930
  4. L The Booze Hangs High (Harman and Ising/Nov/6:3) - 1930
  5. M Smile, Darn Ya, Smile! (Ising/Sep 5/6:3) - 1931
  6. M One More Time (Ising/Oct 3/6:3) - 1931
  7. L Bosko the Doughboy (Harman/Oct 17/6:2) - 1931
  8. M You Don't Know What You're Doin'! (Ising/Oct 31/6:3) - 1931
  9. M It's Got Me Again (Harman and Ising/May 14/3:2s) - 1932
  10. L Ride Him, Bosko! (Harman/Sep 17/6:3) - 1932
  11. L Bosko In Person (Harman and Freleng/Feb 11/6:3) - 1933
  12. M Shuffle Off To Buffalo (Ising/Jul 8/6:3) - 1933
  13. M The Dish Ran Away With The Spoon (Ising/Aug 5/6:3) - 1933
  14. L Bosko's Picture Show (Harman and Freleng/Aug 26/6:3) - 1933
  15. M We're In The Money (Ising/Aug 26/6:3) - 1933
  16. L Buddy's Day Out (Palmer/Sep 9/6:3) - 1933
  17. M I've Got to Sing a Torch Song (Palmer/Sep 23/5:4) - 1933
  18. L Buddy's Beer Garden (Duvall/Nov 18/6:3) - 1933
  19. L Buddy's Circus (King/Aug 25/6:3) - 1934
  20. M I Haven't Got a Hat (Freleng/Mar 9/3:3) - 1935
  21. L A Cartoonist's Nightmare (King/Sep 14/6:3) - 1935
  22. L Hollywood Capers (King/Oct 19/3:2) - 1935
  23. L Gold Diggers of '49 (Avery/5:4) - 1935
  24. M Page Miss Glory (Avery/Mar 7/6:4) - 1936
  25. L Alpine Antics (King/Mar 9/5:4) - 1936
  26. M I Love to Singa (Avery/Jul 18/2:4) - 1936
  27. L Porky's Poultry Plant (Tashlin/Aug 22/4:2) - 1936
  28. L Milk and Money (Avery/Oct 3/5:4) - 1936
  29. L Little Beau Porky (Tashlin/Nov 14/4:2) - 1936
  30. M The Coo-Coo Nut Grove (Freleng/Nov 28/3:2) - 1936
  31. L Porky in the Northwoods (Tashlin/Dec 19/4:2) - 1936
  32. M Pigs Is Pigs (Freleng/Jan 30/3:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1937
  33. L Porky's Road Race (Tashlin/Feb 6/3:2) - 1937
  34. L Porky's Romance (Tashlin/Apr 3/3:3) - 1937
  35. M She Was an Acrobat's Daughter (Freleng/Apr 10/3:2) - 1937
  36. L Porky's Railroad (Tashlin/Aug 7/4:2) - 1937
  37. M Speaking of the Weather (Tashlin/Sep 4/3:2) - 1937
  38. L The Case of the Stuttering Pig (Tashlin/Oct 30/4:2) - 1937
  39. M Little Red Walking Hood (Avery/Nov 6/5:2) - 1937
  40. L Porky's Double Trouble (Tashlin/Nov 13/5:4) - 1937
  41. M The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos (Tashlin/Dec 4/3:2) - 1937
  42. M Daffy Duck and Egghead (Avery/Jan 1/3:4) - 1938
  43. L Porky's Poppa (Clampett/Jan 15/5:4) - 1938
  44. L Porky at the Crocadero (Tashlin/Feb 5/5:4) - 1938
  45. L What Price Porky (Clampett/Feb 26/5:4) - 1938
  46. M Now That Summer Is Gone (Tashlin/May 14/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1938
  47. L Porky the Fireman (Tashlin/Jun 4/4:2) - 1938
  48. M Katnip Kollege (Hardaway and Dalton/Jun 11/2:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1938
  49. L Porky's Party (Clampett/Jun 25/3:3) - 1938
  50. M Have You Got Any Castles? (Tashlin/Jun 25/2:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1938
  51. L Wholly Smoke (Tashlin/Aug 27/5:4) - 1938
  52. M Cracked Ice (Tashlin/Sep 10/4:2) - 1938
  53. L Porky in Wackyland (Clampett/Sep 24/2:3) - 1938
  54. M Little Pancho Vanilla (Tashlin/Oct 8/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1938
  55. L Porky in Egypt (Clampett/Nov 5/3:3) - 1938
  56. M You're an Education (Tashlin/Nov 5/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1938
  57. M The Night Watchman (Jones/Nov 19/4:4) - 1938
  58. L The Daffy Doc (Clampett/Nov 26/5:3) - 1938
  59. M Daffy Duck in Hollywood (Avery/Dec 3/3:2) - 1938
  60. M Daffy Duck and the Dinosaur (Jones/Apr 22/3:4) - 1939
  61. L Porky and Teabiscuit (Hardaway and Dalton/Apr 22/3:3) - 1939
  62. M Thugs with Dirty Mugs (Avery/May 6/3:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1939
  63. L Polar Pals (Clampett/Jun 3/5:4) - 1939
  64. M Old Glory (Jones/Jul 1/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1939
  65. L Wise Quacks (Clampett/Aug 5/5:4) - 1939
  66. L The Film Fan (Clampett/Dec 16/3:2) - 1939
  67. Porky's Breakdowns of 1939 (Unknown 4:4s) - 1939
  68. M Elmer's Candid Camera (Jones/Mar 2/1:3) - 1940
  69. L Pilgrim Porky (Clampett/Mar 16/5:4) - 1940
  70. M The Bear's Tale (Avery/Apr 13/5:2) - 1940
  71. L Porky's Poor Fish (Clampett/Apr 27/4:4) - 1940
  72. M Sniffles Takes A Trip (Jones/May 11/6:1s) Blueribbon icon.png1940
  73. L You Ought to Be in Pictures (Freleng/May 18/2:4) - 1940
  74. M A Gander at Mother Goose (Avery/May 25/5:2) - 1940
  75. M Tom Thumb in Trouble (Jones/Jun 8/5:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1940
  76. M A Wild Hare (Avery/Jul 27/3:2s, 4:1s) Blueribbon icon.png (A.K.A. The Wild Hare) - 1940
  77. L Patient Porky (Clampett/Aug 24/5:3) - 1940
  78. L Prehistoric Porky (Clampett/Oct 12/5:3) - 1940
  79. L The Sour Puss (Clampett/Nov 2/4:4) - 1940
  80. M The Fighting 69 1/2th (Freleng/Jan 18/6:2s) Blueribbon icon.png - 1941
  81. M Tortoise Beats Hare (Avery/Mar 15/2:1) - 1941
  82. M Goofy Groceries (Clampett/Mar 29/3:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1941
  83. L Porky's Preview (Avery/Apr 19/5:4) - 1941
  84. M The Trial of Mister Wolf (Freleng/Apr 26/5:2) - 1941
  85. M Farm Frolics (Clampett/May 10/5:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1941
  86. M Hollywood Steps Out (Avery/May 24/2:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1941
  87. L Meet John Doughboy (Clampett/Jul 5/6:2) - 1941
  88. M The Heckling Hare (Avery/Jul 5/2:1/3:2) - 1941
  89. M Rookie Revue (Freleng/Oct 25/6:2) - 1941
  90. M Wabbit Twouble (Clampett/Dec 20/1:1) - 1941
  91. L Porky's Pooch (Clampett/Dec 27/5:3) - 1941
  92. M Conrad the Sailor (Jones/Feb 28/4:4) - 1942
  93. M Crazy Cruise (Avery and Clampett/Mar 14/5:3) - 1942
  94. M The Wabbit Who Came to Supper (Freleng/Mar 28/3:1) - 1942
  95. M Horton Hatches The Egg (Clampett/Apr 11/6:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1942
  96. M The Wacky Wabbit (Clampett/May 2/5:3) - 1942
  97. M The Draft Horse (Jones/May 9/6:2) - 1942
  98. M Lights Fantastic (Freleng/May 23/6:4) - 1942
  99. M Bugs Bunny Gets the Boid (Clampett/Jul 11/1:3) - 1942
  100. L Wacky Blackout (Clampett/Jul 11/6:2) - 1942
  101. M Foney Fables (Freleng/Aug 1/5:2) - 1942
  102. L The Ducktators (McCabe/Aug 1/6:2) - 1942
  103. L Eatin' on the Cuff or, The Moth Who Came to Dinner (Clampett/Aug 22/5:4) - 1942
  104. M The Dover Boys at Pimento University or The Rivals of Roquefort Hall (Jones/Sep 10/2:2) - 1942
  105. L The Hep Cat (Clampett/Oct 3/2:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1942
  106. M The Hare-Brained Hypnotist (Freleng/Oct 31/2:1) - 1942
  107. M A Tale of Two Kitties (Clampett/Nov 21/5:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1942
  108. L My Favorite Duck (Jones/Dec 5/4:2s/6:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1942
  109. M Case of the Missing Hare (Jones/Dec 12/3:1) - 1942
  110. Point Rationing of Foods (Jones/Feb/3:3s) - 1943
  111. M Pigs in a Polka (Freleng/Feb 2/3:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1943
  112. M Tortoise Wins by a Hare (Clampett/Feb 20/1:3) - 1943
  113. L To Duck Or Not To Duck (Jones/Mar 6/6:1) - 1943
  114. M Fifth Column Mouse (Freleng/Mar 6/6:2) - 1943
  115. M Super-Rabbit (Jones/Apr 3/3:4) - 1943
  116. L The Wise Quacking Duck (Clampett/May 1/5:3) - 1943
  117. M The Aristo Cat (Jones/Jun 19/4:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1943
  118. Coming Snafu (Jones/June/5:3s) - 1943
  119. L Yankee Doodle Daffy (Freleng/Jul 3/1:2) - 1943
  120. M Wackiki Wabbit (Jones/Jul 3/3:1) - 1943
  121. L Porky Pig's Feat (Tashlin/Jul 17/3:3) - 1943
  122. Gripes (Freleng/July/5:3s) - 1943
  123. L Scrap Happy Daffy (Tashlin/Aug 21/5:4) - 1943
  124. Spies (Jones/Aug/3:4s) - 1943
  125. M A Corny Concerto (Clampett/Sep 25/2:4/4:1) - 1943
  126. The Goldbrick (Tashlin/Sep/4:2s) - 1943
  127. M Falling Hare (Clampett/Oct 30/3:4) - 1943
  128. The Home Front (Tashlin/Nov/4:2s) - 1943
  129. L Daffy - The Commando (Freleng/Nov 20/6:2) - 1943
  130. M An Itch in Time (Clampett/Dec 4/3:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1943
  131. L Puss n' Booty (Tashlin/Dec 11/4:2) - 1943
  132. Rumors (Freleng/Dec/3:4s) - 1943
  133. M Little Red Riding Rabbit (Freleng/Jan 4/2:1) - 1944
  134. M What's Cookin' Doc? (Clampett/Jan 8/4:1s) - 1944
  135. M Bugs Bunny and the Three Bears (Jones/Feb 26/1:3) - 1944
  136. L I Got Plenty of Mutton (Tashlin/Mar 11/4:2) - 1944
  137. Snafuperman (Freleng/Mar/3:4s) - 1944
  138. M The Weakly Reporter (Jones/Mar 25/6:2) - 1944
  139. L The Swooner Crooner (Tashlin/May 6/3:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1944
  140. M Russian Rhapsody (Clampett/May 20/6:2) - 1944
  141. L Duck Soup to Nuts (Freleng/May 27/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1944
  142. M Hare Ribbin' (Clampett/Jun 24/5:3) - 1944
  143. M Hare Force (Freleng/Jul 22/3:1) - 1944
  144. Censored (Tashlin/Jul/4:2s) - 1944
  145. L Buckaroo Bugs (Clampett/Aug 26/5:3) - 1944
  146. L Plane Daffy (Tashlin/Sep 16/4:2) - 1944
  147. L Booby Hatched (Tashlin/Oct 14/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1944
  148. M The Old Grey Hare (Clampett/Oct 28/5:3) - 1944
  149. L The Stupid Cupid (Tashlin/Nov 25/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1944
  150. M Stage Door Cartoon (Freleng/Dec 30/2:4) - 1944
  151. L Odor-able Kitty (Jones/Jan 6/3:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1945
  152. M Herr Meets Hare (Freleng/Jan 13/6:2) - 1945
  153. L Draftee Daffy (Clampett/Jan 27/3:4) - 1945
  154. M Hare Trigger (Freleng/May 5/3:3s/6:1) - 1945
  155. M A Gruesome Twosome (Clampett/Jun 9/3:4) - 1945
  156. M Wagon Heels (Clampett/Jul 28/5:3) - 1945
  157. L Hare Conditioned (Jones/Aug 11/2:1) - 1945
  158. M Fresh Airedale (Jones/Aug 25/6:4) - 1945
  159. L The Bashful Buzzard (Clampett/Sep 5/5:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1945
  160. L Hare Tonic (Jones/Nov 10/3:1) - 1945
  161. The Return of Mr. Hook (1945/McKimson/5:3s) - 1945
  162. The Good Egg (1945/Jones/5:3s) - 1945
  163. Tokyo Woes (1945/Clampett/5:3s) - 1945
  164. L Book Revue (Clampett/Jan 5/2:4) (A.K.A. Book Review) - 1946
  165. L Baseball Bugs (Freleng/Feb 2/1:1) - 1946
  166. M Holiday for Shoestrings (Freleng/Feb 23/5:2) - 1946
  167. L Baby Bottleneck (Clampett/Mar 16/2:3) - 1946
  168. M Hare Remover (Tashlin/Mar 23/3:1) - 1946
  169. M Hollywood Canine Canteen (McKimson/Apr 20/6:2) - 1946
  170. M Hair-Raising Hare (Jones/May 25/1:3/3:3/4:2) - 1946
  171. L Kitty Kornered (Clampett/Jun 8/2:3) - 1946
  172. M Hollywood Daffy (Freleng/Jun 22/5:1) - 1946
  173. L Acrobatty Bunny (McKimson/Jun 29/3:1) - 1946
  174. L The Great Piggy Bank Robbery (Clampett/Jul 20/2:3) - 1946
  175. M Bacall to Arms (Clampett/Aug 3/5:3) - 1946
  176. M Walky Talky Hawky (McKimson/Aug 31/3:4/4:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1946
  177. L The Big Snooze (Clampett/Oct 5/2:1/3:2) - 1946
  178. M Rhapsody Rabbit (Freleng/Nov 9/2:4/4:2) - 1946
  179. M A Hare Grows in Manhattan (Freleng/Mar 23/3:1) - 1947
  180. L Birth Of A Notion (McKimson/Apr 12/6:1) - 1947
  181. M Tweetie Pie (Freleng/May 3/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1947
  182. L Rabbit Transit (Freleng/May 10/2:1) - 1947
  183. L Easter Yeggs (McKimson/Jun 28/3:1) - 1947
  184. L Crowing Pains (McKimson/Jul 12/6:1) - 1947
  185. M A Pest in the House (Jones/Aug 3/5:1) - 1947
  186. M Slick Hare (Freleng/Nov 1/2:1) - 1947
  187. L Gorilla My Dreams (McKimson/Jan 3/2:1) - 1948
  188. M Daffy Duck Slept Here (McKimson/Mar 6/3:3) - 1948
  189. M Back Alley Oproar (Freleng/Mar 27/2:4) - 1948
  190. M I Taw a Putty Tat (Freleng/Apr 2/4:1s) Blueribbon icon.png - 1948
  191. M Rabbit Punch (Jones/Apr 10/3:4) - 1948
  192. L Buccaneer Bunny (Freleng/May 8/5:1) - 1948
  193. M Bugs Bunny Rides Again (Freleng/Jun 12/2:1) - 1948
  194. L The Up-Standing Sitter (McKimson/Jul 3/5:1) - 1948
  195. L Haredevil Hare (Jones/Jul 24/1:3) - 1948
  196. M You Were Never Duckier (Jones/Aug 7/5:1) - 1948
  1. M Dough Ray Me-Ow (Davis/Aug 14/4:4) - 1948
  2. M The Foghorn Leghorn (McKimson/Oct 9/1:4) - 1948
  3. L Kit for Cat (Freleng/Nov 6/1:4) - 1948
  4. L The Stupor Salesman (Davis/Nov 20/5:1) - 1948
  5. M My Bunny Lies Over The Sea (Jones/Dec 4/1:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1948
  6. M Scaredy Cat (Jones/Dec 18/1:2) - 1948
  7. M Hare Do (Freleng/Jan 15/3:1) - 1949
  8. M Awful Orphan (Jones/Jan 29/1:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  9. L Porky Chops (Davis/Feb 12/1:2) - 1949
  10. L Mississippi Hare (Jones/Feb 26/4:1) - 1949
  11. L Paying The Piper (McKimson/Mar 12/5:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  12. L Daffy Duck Hunt (McKimson/Mar 26/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  13. M Rebel Rabbit (McKimson/Apr 9/3:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  14. L Mouse Wreckers (Jones/Apr 23/2:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  15. L High Diving Hare (Freleng/Apr 30/1:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  16. M Bowery Bugs (Davis/Jun 4/3:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  17. L Long-Haired Hare (Jones/Jun 25/1:1) - 1949
  18. M Bad Ol' Putty Tat (Freleng/Jul 23/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  19. L The Grey Hounded Hare (McKimson/Aug 6/4:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  20. L Often An Orphan (Jones/Aug 13/6:3) - 1949
  21. L The Windblown Hare (McKimson/Aug 27/3:3) - 1949
  22. M Dough for the Do-Do (Freleng/Sep 2/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  23. L Fast and Furry-ous (Jones/Sep 16/1:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  24. M Frigid Hare (Jones/Oct 7/1:3) - 1949
  25. L Swallow The Leader (McKimson/Oct 14/4:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  26. M Bye, Bye Bluebeard (Davis/Oct 21/3:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  27. L For Scent-imental Reasons (Jones/Nov 12/1:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  28. M Hippety Hopper (McKimson/Nov 19/6:1s) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  29. L Bear Feat (Jones/Dec 10/6:1) - 1949
  30. M Rabbit Hood (Jones/Dec 24/4:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1949
  31. L A Ham In A Role (McKimson/Dec 31/6:1) - 1949
  32. So Much for So Little (Jones/2:4s) - 1949
  33. M Hurdy-Gurdy Hare (McKimson/Jan 21/4:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  34. L Boobs In The Woods (McKimson/Jan 28/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  35. L The Scarlet Pumpernickel (Jones/Mar 4/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  36. M Homeless Hare (Jones/Mar 11/3:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  37. M The Hypo-Chondri-Cat (Jones/Apr 15/1:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  38. L Big House Bunny (Freleng/Apr 22/1:1) - 1950
  39. M An Egg Scramble (McKimson/May 27/3:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  40. L What's Up Doc? (McKimson/Jun 17/1:1) - 1950
  41. L All Abir-r-r-d (Freleng/Jun 24/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  42. L 8 Ball Bunny (Jones/Jul 8/4:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  43. L It's Hummer Time (McKimson/Jul 22/6:4) - 1950
  44. M Golden Yeggs (Freleng/Aug 5/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  45. M Hillbilly Hare (McKimson/Aug 12/3:1) - 1950
  46. M Dog Gone South (Jones/Aug 26/6:1) - 1950
  47. L The Ducksters (Jones/Sep 2/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  48. M Bunker Hill Bunny (Freleng/Sep 23/1:4) - 1950
  49. M Canary Row (Freleng/Oct 7/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1950
  50. L Rabbit of Seville (Jones/Dec 16/1:1) - 1950
  51. L Canned Feud (Freleng/Feb 3/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  52. L Putty Tat Trouble (Freleng/Feb 24/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  53. M Bunny Hugged (Jones/Mar 10/2:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  54. M Early To Bet (McKimson/May 12/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  55. L Rabbit Fire (Jones/May 19/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  56. M Room and Bird (Freleng/Jun 2/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  57. L Chow Hound (Jones/Jun 16/6:4) - 1951
  58. M French Rarebit (McKimson/Jun 30/2:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  59. L The Wearing of the Grin (Jones/Jul 28/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  60. M Cheese Chasers (Jones/Aug 28/2:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  61. M Tweety's S.O.S. (Freleng/Sep 22/1:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  62. M Ballot Box Bunny (Freleng/Oct 6/1:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  63. M A Bear For Punishment (Jones/Oct 20/2:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  64. M Drip-Along Daffy (Jones/Nov 17/1:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  65. M Big Top Bunny (McKimson/Dec 12/1:1) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  66. L Tweet Tweet Tweety (Freleng/Dec 15/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1951
  67. L Operation: Rabbit (Jones/Jan 19/4:1) - 1952
  68. M Feed the Kitty (Jones/Feb 2/1:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  69. L 14 Carrot Rabbit (Freleng/Feb 16/5:1) - 1952
  70. L Gift Wrapped (Freleng/Feb 16/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  71. M Kiddin' The Kitten (McKimson/Apr 5/4:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  72. L Water, Water Every Hare (Jones/Apr 19/1:1) - 1952
  73. M Little Red Rodent Hood (Freleng/May 3/5:2) - 1952
  74. M Beep, Beep (cartoon) (Jones/May 24/2:2) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  75. Orange Blossoms for Violet (Jones/May 24/2:4s) - 1952
  76. L Ain't She Tweet (Freleng/Jun 21/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  77. M The Turn-Tale Wolf (McKimson/Jun 28/5:2) - 1952
  78. M Oily Hare (McKimson/Jul 26/5:1) - 1952
  79. M Going! Going! Gosh! (Jones/Aug 23/2:2) - 1952
  80. L A Bird In A Guilty Cage (Freleng/Aug 30/2:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1952
  81. M Rabbit Seasoning (Jones/Sep 20/1:1) - 1952
  82. L The Super Snooper (McKimson/Nov 11/5:1) - 1952
  83. M Rabbit's Kin (McKimson/Nov 15/1:1) - 1952
  84. L Don't Give Up The Sheep (Jones/Jan 3/1:3) - 1953
  85. L Snow Business (Freleng/Jan 17/2:3) - 1953
  86. L Forward March Hare (Jones/Feb 4/4:1) - 1953
  87. L Kiss Me Cat (Jones/Feb 21/4:4) - 1953
  88. M Duck Amuck (Jones/Feb 28/1:2) - 1953
  89. L A Peck o' Trouble (McKimson/Mar 28/4:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1953
  90. L Southern Fried Rabbit (Freleng/May 2/4:1) - 1953
  91. M Much Ado About Nutting (Jones/May 23/6:4) - 1953
  92. M Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century (Jones/Jul 25/1:2) - 1953
  93. L Bully For Bugs (Jones/Aug 8/1:1) - 1953
  94. M Cat-Tails For Two (McKimson/Aug 29/4:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1953
  95. M Zipping Along (Jones/Sep 19/2:2) - 1953
  96. M Duck! Rabbit! Duck! (Jones/Oct 3/3:1) - 1953
  97. M Wild Wife (McKimson/Feb 20/6:4) - 1954
  98. M No Barking (Jones/Feb 27/3:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1954
  99. L Bugs and Thugs (Freleng/Mar 2/1:4) - 1954
  100. M Claws For Alarm (Jones/May 22/3:3) - 1954
  101. L Devil May Hare (McKimson/Jun 19/1:4) - 1954
  102. M The Oily American (McKimson/Jul 10/6:4) - 1954
  103. L Bewitched Bunny (Jones/Jul 24/5:2) - 1954
  104. L Satan's Waitin' (Freleng/Aug 7/6:1) - 1954
  105. M Stop! Look! And Hasten! (Jones/Aug 14/2:2) - 1954
  106. M Goo Goo Goliath (Freleng/Sep 18/6:4) - 1954
  107. L By Word Of Mouse (Freleng/Oct 2/6:2) - 1954
  108. L From A to Z-Z-Z-Z (Jones/Oct 16/2:2s) Blueribbon icon.png - 1954
  109. M My Little Duckaroo (Jones/Nov 27/6:1) - 1954
  110. M Baby Buggy Bunny (Jones/Dec 18/2:1) - 1954
  111. M Pizzicato Pussycat (Freleng/Jan 1/4:4) - 1955
  112. L Sahara Hare (Freleng/Mar 26/4:1) - 1955
  113. L The Hole Idea (McKimson/Apr 16/6:4) - 1955
  114. L Ready, Set, Zoom! (Jones/Apr 30/2:2) - 1955
  115. L Rabbit Rampage (Jones/Jun 11/6:1s) - 1955
  116. L Lumber Jerks (Freleng/Jun 25/1:4) - 1955
  117. M Jumpin' Jupiter (Jones/Aug 6/6:1) - 1955
  118. L Hyde and Hare (Freleng/Aug 27/2:1) - 1955
  119. M Speedy Gonzales (Freleng/Sep 17/1:4) - 1955
  120. M Knight-Mare Hare (Jones/Oct 1/4:1) - 1955
  121. L Red Riding Hoodwinked (Freleng/Oct 29/5:2) - 1955
  122. L Roman Legion-Hare (Freleng/Nov 12/4:1) - 1955
  123. L Heir-Conditioned (Freleng/Nov 26/6:2) - 1955
  124. L Guided Muscle (Jones/Dec 10/2:2) - 1955
  125. M One Froggy Evening (Jones/Dec 31/2:4) - 1955
  126. M Bugs' Bonnets (Jones/Jan 14/5:1) - 1956
  127. L Broom-Stick Bunny (Jones/Feb 25/2:1) - 1956
  128. M Rocket Squad (Jones/Mar 10/3:3) - 1956
  129. M Heaven Scent (Jones/Mar 31/6:1) - 1956
  130. L Gee Whiz-z-z-z (Jones/May 5/2:2) - 1956
  131. M The Unexpected Pest (McKimson/Jun 2/4:4) - 1956
  132. L Stupor Duck (McKimson/Jul 17/5:1) - 1956
  133. L Barbary Coast Bunny (Jones/Jul 21/4:1) - 1956
  134. M Rocket-Bye Baby (Jones/Aug 4/6:4) - 1956
  135. L Raw! Raw! Rooster! (McKimson/Aug 25/6:1) - 1956
  136. L A Star Is Bored (Freleng/Sep 15/5:1) - 1956
  137. L Deduce, You Say (Jones/Sep 29/1:2) - 1956
  138. M Yankee Dood It (Freleng/Oct 13/6:2) - 1956
  139. M Wideo Wabbit (McKimson/Oct 27/3:2) - 1956
  140. L There They Go-Go-Go! (Jones/Nov 10/2:2) - 1956
  141. L The Honey-Mousers (McKimson/Dec 8/3:2) - 1956
  142. M To Hare Is Human (Jones/Dec 15/4:1) - 1956
  143. 90 Day Wondering (Jones/4:3s) - 1956
  144. L Three Little Bops (Freleng/Jan 5/2:4) - 1957
  145. L Scrambled Aches (Jones/Jan 26/2:2) - 1957
  146. M Ali Baba Bunny (Jones/Feb 9/5:1) - 1957
  147. L Go Fly A Kit (Jones/Feb 23/4:4) - 1957
  148. M Tweety and the Beanstalk (Freleng/May 16/5:2) - 1957
  149. M Boyhood Daze (Jones/Apr 20/6:1s) - 1957
  150. L Steal Wool (Jones/Jun 8/3:4) - 1957
  151. M What's Opera, Doc? (Jones/Jul 6/2:4) - 1957
  152. M Tabasco Road (McKimson/Jul 20/4:3) Blueribbon icon.png - 1957
  153. M Birds Anonymous (Freleng/Aug 10/3:4) Blueribbon icon.png - 1957
  154. M Zoom and Bored (Jones/Sep 14/2:2) - 1957
  155. L Show Biz Bugs (Freleng/Nov 2/2:4) - 1957
  156. L Gonzales' Tamales (Freleng/Nov 30/3:4) - 1957
  157. M Rabbit Romeo (McKimson/Dec 14/4:1) - 1957
  158. Drafty, Isn't It? (Jones/4:3s) - 1957
  159. L Tortilla Flaps (McKimson/Jan 18/4:3) - 1958
  160. M Robin Hood Daffy (Jones/Mar 8/3:3) - 1958
  161. M Whoa, Be-Gone! (Jones/Apr 12/2:2) - 1958
  162. L Knighty Knight Bugs (Freleng/Aug 23/4:1) - 1958
  163. L Hook, Line and Stinker (Jones/Oct 11/6:1) - 1958
  164. M Cat Feud (Jones/Dec 20/4:4) - 1958
  165. L Baton Bunny (Jones and Levitow/Jan 10/1:3) - 1959
  166. M The Mouse That Jack Built (McKimson/Apr 4/3:2) - 1959
  167. L Mexicali Shmoes (Freleng/Jul 4/4:3) - 1959
  168. L Here Today, Gone Tamale (Freleng/Aug 29/4:3) - 1959
  169. L A Broken Leghorn (McKimson/Sep 26/1:4) - 1959
  170. M West of The Pesos (McKimson/Jan 23/4:3) - 1960
  171. L Goldimouse & The Three Cats (Freleng/Mar 15/5:2) - 1960
  172. L Mouse & Garden (Freleng/Jul 16/4:4) - 1960
  173. L Cannery Woe (McKimson/Jan 7/4:3) - 1961
  174. L The Abominable Snow Rabbit (Jones/May 20/5:1) - 1961
  175. L The Pied Piper of Guadalupe (Freleng/Aug 19/4:3) - 1961
  176. M The Last Hungry Cat (Freleng/Dec 2/3:2) - 1961
  177. L Mexican Boarders (Freleng/May 12/4:3) - 1962
  178. Adventures of the Road-Runner (Jones/May/2:2s) - 1962
  179. L Martian Through Georgia (Jones, Abe Levitow/Dec 29/6:4) - 1962
  180. Philbert (Three's a Crowd) (Donner/Apr 1/3:4s) - 1963
  181. L Now Hear This (Jones/Apr 27/6:4) - 1963
  182. M Chili Weather (Freleng/Aug 17/4:3) - 1963
  183. M Transylvania 6-5000 (Jones/Nov 30/5:1) - 1963
  184. M To Beep or Not to Beep (Jones/Dec 28/3:4) - 1963
  185. L A Message To Gracias (McKimson/Feb 8/4:3) - 1964
  186. L Nuts & Volts (Freleng/Apr 25/4:3) - 1964
  187. L Señorella & The Glass Huarache (Pratt/Aug 1/5:2) - 1964
  188. L Pancho's Hideaway (Freleng/Oct 24/4:3) - 1964
  189. M The Wild Chase (Freleng/Feb 27/4:3) - 1965
  190. L A-Haunting We Will Go (McKimson/Apr 26/4:3) - 1966
  191. Norman Normal (Lovy/Feb 3/6:4) - 1968
  192. M (Blooper) Bunny (Ford and Lennon/Feb/1:1s) - 1991
  193. M Daffy & Porky in the William Tell Overture (Haskett and Fossati/Apr 17/4:2s) (NT) - 1991
  194. L Daffy Duck for President (Brandt and Cervone/Nov 2/2:3s) (NT) - 2003

References

See also


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message