Lorain, Ohio: Wikis

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City of Lorain
—  City  —

Seal
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lorain
Founded 1807
Government
 - Mayor Anthony M. Krasienko (D)
Area
 - Total 24.2 sq mi (62.8 km2)
 - Land 24.0 sq mi (62.2 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 610 ft (186 m)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 70,592
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44052-44055
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-44856[2]
GNIS feature ID 1077529[3]
Website http://www.cityoflorain.org

Lorain is a city in Lorain County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie, at the mouth of the Black River, about 30 miles west of Cleveland.

As of the 2000 Census, the city had a total population of 68,652, making it Ohio's 10th largest city. It was first settled in 1807 and was originally named Charleston.

Ford Motor Company had the Lorain Assembly Plant in the city, mostly known for assembling the Ford Econoline (E-series) van and Mercury Cougar; the plant ceased production on December 14, 2005. The sprawling United States Steel Mills, portions recently acquired by Republic Steel, stretch for nearly 3 miles on the city's south side. These mills have operated in the city since 1895 and continue to employ thousands of local residents. The Lorain Works is one of the few integrated steel mills left in the United States.

Contents

Geography

Lorain, part of the Cleveland–Elyria–Mentor metropolitan area, is located at 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889 (41.448241, -82.168862)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.2 square miles (62.8 km²), of which, 24.0 square miles (62.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (0.95%) is water.

The Charles Berry Bridge is located in Lorain, which is the 2nd largest bascule bridge in the world.

Politics

Mayors of Lorain

Politics in the City of Lorain have traditionally been closely tied to that of the local Democratic Party. However, through the years occasional Republicans have been able to win positions. Since the late 1990s Lorain has elected all Democrats to city council but in 1999, Craig Foltin (Republican) was elected Mayor. In 2003, the citizens re-elected Republican Mayor Craig L. Foltin.

Lorain is one of the largest cities in Ohio to not have a charter. The city of Lorain functions under a Statutory government. This provides for a Mayor-Council form of government with, up until recently, 3 at-large seats and 9 wards. (the 9th ward was recently removed because of loss in population, however may return come the next census)

As of the 2008 General Election, the number of residents registered to a party stood at:

  • Democrats: 16,168
  • Republicans: 2,346

The city is home to the Lorain Municipal Court which serves the cities of Lorain and Sheffield Lake as well as Sheffield Township.

Demographics

Broadway, Downtown

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 68,652 people, 26,434 households, and 17,975 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,858.1 people per square mile (1,103.5/km²). There were 28,231 housing units at an average density of 1,175.5/sq mi (453.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.70% White, 15.94% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.56% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.03% of the population.

There were 26,434 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,917, and the median income for a family was $39,454. Males had a median income of $34,120 versus $23,065 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,340. About 14.2% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 1,595
1890 4,863 204.9%
1900 16,028 229.6%
1910 28,883 80.2%
1920 37,205 28.8%
1930 44,512 19.6%
1940 44,125 −0.9%
1950 51,202 16.0%
1960 68,932 34.6%
1970 78,185 13.4%
1980 75,416 −3.5%
1990 71,245 −5.5%
2000 68,652 −3.6%
Est. 2007 70,124 2.1%

Culture

Over 70 different nationalities live in the Lorain area. Many were originally attracted by work in the steel mills and ship yards. Lorain is sometimes referred to as Steel City mainly because of its well-known steel mill. Downtown Lorain was devastated by a tornado in 1924 and as part of an initiative to rebuild the downtown several historic buildings were constructed, including the Lorain Palace Theatre which opened in 1928 and continues to operate today.[5] One of the highlights of the summer season is the Lorain International Festival.

Pictures

Notable natives and residents

  • Retired Army Major General Josue (Joe) Robles, from South Lorain - currently CEO of USAA. Family moved from Puerto Rico to Lorain in 1949 when he was 3.
  • Jesse Alison http://www.imdb.com/name/nm3228448/, Comedian, Actor, Writer. Born Jesse Blakely, he attended Southview High School.

References

External links

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