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Dunrobin Castle, the seat of the Earls of Sutherland.

Earl of Sutherland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created circa 1230 for William de Moravia. The Earl of Sutherland is also the Chief of Clan Sutherland. The original line were known by the surname "de Moravia", who were also considered the senior line of the Clan Murray.

Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland married Adam Gordon, whose surname belonged to several of the next Earls of Sutherland. The title was again held by a long string of men, until the death of William Gordon, 18th Earl, without sons, when the title passed to his daughter Elizabeth.

Elizabeth, 19th Countess of Sutherland then married George Granville Leveson-Gower in 1785; he inherited the title of Marquess of Stafford from his father in 1803. The Marquess held vast lands and wealth, having inherited from his father, the first Marquess of Stafford, from his maternal uncle, the second Duke of Bridgewater, and also holding much property associated with the Earldom of Sutherland, which belonged to his wife. He was made Duke of Sutherland in 1833.

The Duke's son, also named George, inherited the Earldom of Sutherland from his mother and the Dukedom of Sutherland from his father. The two titles continued united until the death of the fifth Duke in 1963. The Earldom passed to his niece Elizabeth, while the Dukedom had to pass to a male heir.

The subsidiary title associated with the Earldom is Lord Strathnaver (created 1230), which is used as a courtesy title by the Earl's or Countess' eldest son and heir.

The family seat is Dunrobin Castle, near Golspie in the traditional county of Sutherland in Scotland.

Earls of Sutherland (c. 1230)

The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son Alistair Charles St Clair Sutherland, Lord Strathnaver (b. 1947).
The Heir Apparent's Heir Apparent is his son the Hon. Alexander Charles Robert Sutherland, Master of Strathnaver (b. 1981).

See also

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