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Lori dialects: Wikis


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Spoken in Iran, Iraq , Oman, Germany
Region Southern Zagros (Mainly: Lorestan province.)
Total speakers ca. 3.3 million
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3 variously:
lrc – Northern Luri
bqi – Bakhtiari
luz – Southern Luri
zum – Kumzari

Lori or Luri (Lori/Persian: لری, pronounced [loriː], [luriː]) is a collection of southwestern Iranian dialects[1] which are mainly spoken by the Lurs and Bakhtiari people in the Iranian provinces of Lorestan, Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari, Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad and parts of Khuzestan and Fars provinces. These dialects are also referred to as the “Perside” southern Zagros group [2]. Linguists categorize Lori dialects as a distinct dialect group close to Persian dialects.

The special character of the Lurish language suggests that the Lurish area was Iranicized from Persia and not from Media.[3][4]

SIL Ethnologue lists four Lurish language dialects,

  • Northern Lurish [lrc], ca. 1,500,000 speakers as of 2001
  • Bakhtiari [bqi], ca. 2.3,000,000 speakers as of 2001
  • Southern Lurish [luz], ca. 875,000 speakers as of 1999
  • Kumzari [zum], spoken in the Musandam Peninsula of northern Oman, ca. 1,700 speakers as of 1993.

See also


  1. ^ Lecoq P. Les dialectes du sud-ouest de l'Iran // Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden, 1989.
  2. ^ Bakhtiari tribe and the Bakhtiari dialect, Encyclopedia Iranica
  3. ^ Yar-Shater, Ehsan. 1982. Encyclopaedia Iranica. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. V, p. 617a
  4. ^ Houtsma, M. T., 1987. E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936. Published by BRILL. Lur. p. 41. (and p. 281) ISBN 9004082654, ISBN 9789004082656

External links



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