Common name: Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
|Largest city||Los Angeles|
|Other cities|| - Long Beach
- Santa Ana
|Population||Ranked 2nd in the U.S.|
|- Total||12,872,808 (2008 est.)|
|- Density||2654.0/sq. mi.
|Area||4850.3 sq. mi.
|- Highest point||Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet (3,069 m)|
|- Lowest point||Wilmington -9 feet (-3 m)|
The Los Angeles metropolitan area, also known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or the Southland, is the 13th largest metropolitan area in the world and the second-largest metropolitan area in the United States. The metropolitan area is defined by the United States Census Bureau as the Los Angles-Long Beach-Santa Ana metropolitan area. This area consists of Los Angeles and Orange counties. Both of which are the two most populated counties in California with Los Angeles (9,862,049 people in 2008) being the most populated county in the United States. The metropolitan area is home to almost 13 million people, making it the most populous metropolitan area in the western United States and by far the largest in the U.S. State of California. The most densely populated urbanized area in the United States is at the heart of the metropolitan area, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Urbanized Area (with a population of 11,789,487 as of the 2000 census).
Based on commuting patterns, the U.S. Bureau of the Census also defines a wider region consisting of the Los Angeles metropolitan area plus two adjacent metropolitan areas. The area is known as the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside Combined Statistical Area (CSA), with an estimated population of 17,786,419. This region is more commonly known as the Greater Los Angeles Area and includes three additional counties.
This wider region includes the second largest city in the United States, Los Angeles, and some of the countries most populated counties which are Los Angeles County, Orange County, Riverside County, and San Bernardino County. Neighboring San Diego County, though not part of this region, is also ranked 6th. The total land area of the metropolitan statistical area is 4,850 sq. mi (12,562 km²), while that of the combined statistical area is 33,955 sq. mi (87,945 km²).
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (12,872,808)
Major divisions of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area
In addition to the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Combined Statistical Area (total pop. 17,786,419):
The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas.
|2||Los Angeles–Long Beach–Santa Ana||CA||11,789,487|
|125||Indio–Cathedral City–Palm Springs||CA||254,856|
The economy of the Los Angeles metroplitan area is heavily based on the entertainment industry (television, motion pictures, interactive games, recorded music). Though it is also based on international trade, aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism. The City of Los Angeles is home to six Fortune 500 companies which are aerospace contractor Northrop Grumman, energy company Occidental Petroleum, healthcare provider Health Net, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, engineering firm AECOM, and real estate group CB Richard Ellis.
Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include City National Bank, 20th Century Fox, Latham & Watkins, Univision, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, DeviantArt, Guess?, O’Melveny & Myers; Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, Tokyopop, The Jim Henson Company, Paramount Pictures, Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, Tutor Perini, Fox Sports Net, Capital Group, 21st Century Insurance, and The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. Korean Air's US passenger and cargo operations headquarters are located in two separate offices in Los Angeles.
If the Greater Los Angeles CSA were counted as a country it would have the 15th largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, placing it just below Australia and above the Netherlands, Turkey, Sweden, Belgium, and Indonesia. The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside combined statistical area (CSA) also has a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $831 billion (as of 2008), which makes it the third largest economic center in the world, after the Greater Tokyo Area and the New York-Newark-Bridgeport CSA.
The Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together comprise the fifth busiest port in the world being the center of imports and exports for trade on the west Pacific Coast as well as being one of the most significant ports of the western hemisphere. The Port of Los Angeles occupies 7,500 acres (30 km2) of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of waterfront and is the busiest container port in the United States. The Port is the busiest port in the United States by container volume, the 8th busiest container port in the world. The top trading partners in 2004 were:
The Port of Long Beach is the 2nd busiest container port in the United States. It adjoins the separate Port of Los Angeles. Acting as a major gateway for U.S.-Asian trade, the port occupies 3,200 acres (13 km2) of land with 25 miles (40 km) of waterfront in the city of Long Beach, California. The seaport boasts approximately $100 billion dollars in trade and provides more than 316,000 jobs in Southern California. The Port of Long Beach import and export more than $100 billion worth of goods every year. The seaport provides the country with jobs, generate tax revenue, and supporting retail and manufacturing businesses.
Due to L.A.'s stance as The Entertainment Capital of the World, there is an abundance of tourist attractions in the are. Consequently, the metropolitan L.A. is one of the most visited areas in the world. Here is a breakdown of some of its major attractions:
|Airport||IATA code||ICAO code||County|
|Los Angeles International Airport||LAX||KLAX||Los Angeles|
|John Wayne Airport||SNA||KSNA||Orange|
|Bob Hope Airport||BUR||KBUR||Los Angeles|
|Long Beach Municipal Airport||LGB||KLGB||Los Angeles|
The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. It is run by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and it's system runs five rail lines throughout Los Angeles County. Metro Rail currently operates three light rail lines and two rapid transit subway lines, altogether totaling 79.1 miles (127.3 km) of rail, 70 stations, and over 300,000 daily weekday boardings as of August 2009.
The systems light rail system is the third busiest LRT system in the United States, after Boston and San Francisco rails, by number of riders, with 127,300 average weekday boardings during the fourth quarter of 2007.
Since the region of the city is in close proximity to a major fault area the tunnels were built to resist earthquakes of up to magnitude 7.5. Both subway lines use an electrified third rail to provide power to the trains, rendering these lines unusable on the other three. The Blue and Gold Lines run mostly at grade, with some street-running, elevated, and underground stretches in the more densely populated areas of Los Angeles. The Green Line is entirely grade separated, running in the median of I-105 and then turning southward along an elevated route.
The rail lines run regularly on a 5 a.m. and midnight schedule, seven days a week. Limited service on particular segments is provided after midnight and before 5 a.m. There is no rail service between 2 and 3:30 a.m. Exact times vary from route to route; see individual route articles for more information.
While there are hundreds of Zip Codes for the metropolitan area below are those with the highest populations.
Listing of the professional sports teams in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
As a whole, the Los Angeles area has more national championships, all sports combined (college and professional), than any other city in the United States, with over four times as many championships as the entire state of Texas, and just over twice that of New York City.