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Carlotta J. Thompkins
Born April 21, 1844(1844-04-21)
Warsaw, Kentucky, U.S.A.
Died February 9, 1934 (aged 89)
Deming, New Mexico, U.S.A.
Other names Lottie Deno, Charlotte Tompkins, Charlotte Thurmond, Mystic Maud, Angel of San Antonio
Occupation Gambler, later Sunday-school teacher
Years active ca. 1860–ca. 1880
Spouse(s) Frank Thurmond

Carlotta J. Thompkins, also known as Lottie Deno (April 21, 1844 – February 9, 1934), was a famous gambler in the U.S. state of Texas during the 19th century known for her poker skills as well as her courage.[1][2][3][4]

She was born in Kentucky and traveled a great deal in her early adulthood before coming to Texas. Much of her earlier life and even her real name at birth are a matter of debate among historians, but her fame as a poker-player in the Southwest is not. According to author Johnny Hughes, "In the late 1800's Texas' most famous poker player was Lottie Deno (for 'dinero')."[2]


Early life

Carlotta J. Thompkins (her presumed real name) was born on April 21, 1844 in Warsaw, Kentucky.[1][5] Her family was reportedly quite wealthy and her father, who was known to be a prominent gambler, is said to have traveled extensively with Lottie, teaching her to gamble at some of the finest casinos.[1] After her father's passing, Lottie's mother sent her to Detroit to find a husband. She was accompanied by Mary Poindexter, her loyal slave and nanny. Thompkins fell into a life of gambling, traveling the Mississippi River.[1] Poindexter, reportedly seven-feet tall and formidable, acted as Thompkins' protector during their travels.

Gambling days in Texas

Lottie arrived in San Antonio in 1865.[1] She became a house gambler at the University Club working for the Thurmond family from Georgia. It was during this time that she met and fell in love with Frank Thurmond, a fellow gambler.

After being accused of murder Frank fled San Antonio and Lottie followed. The pair traveled for many years throughout the frontier areas of Texas, including Fort Concho, Jacksboro, San Angelo, Denison, Fort Worth, and Fort Griffin.[1] Their travels occurred during a local economic boom on the Texas frontier as demand for bison hides spiked in the mid and late 1870s.[6] Cowboys and traders flush with cash during the period became targets for gamblers in frontier communities.[6] It was at Fort Griffin, where Lottie lingered for some time, that her notoriety and legend became most established.[1] Fort Griffin, which was a frontier outpost west of Fort Worth near the Texas Panhandle, was known for its saloons and the rough element it attracted.[7] Gaining fame as a gambler Lottie became associated with various outlaws, including Doc Holliday.

During her travels she gained numerous nicknames. In San Antonio she was known as the "Angel of San Antonio." At Fort Concho she became known as "Mystic Maud." At Fort Griffin she was called "Queen of the Pasteboards" and "Lottie Deno." It was this last moniker by which she became best known.[1] Her escapades during this period became part of the folklore of the American Wild West.

Later life

Lottie and Frank moved to Kingston, New Mexico, in 1877, where they ran a gambling room in the Victorio Hotel. Lottie later became the owner of the Broadway Restaurant in Silver City.[1]

In 1880, Lottie and Frank were married in Silver City.[1] In 1882 they moved to Deming, New Mexico, where they settled permanently and gave up their gambling life. They became upstanding citizens in the community, with Frank eventually becoming vice president of Deming National Bank and Lottie helping to found St. Luke's Episcopal Church. Lottie died on February 9, 1934 and was buried in Deming as Charlotte Thurmond.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Rose, Handbook of Texas
  2. ^ a b Hughes, Johnny (January 2002). "Texas Tidbits: A name is just a name. Want to make a bet?". Texas Monthly. 
  3. ^ Liggett, Byron (4 Nov 2006). "Poker Ladies of Legend". Poker Player Newspaper (part of Poker Player Magazine). 
  4. ^ a b Melzer (2007), p. 170.
  5. ^ Blevins (2001), p. 55
  6. ^ a b Cashion, Ty. "Texas and the Western Frontier". Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 21 Nov 2009. 
  7. ^ Cashion (1997), p. 189.


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