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Louis Graydon Sullivan (16 June 1951 – 2 March 1991), born Sheila Jean Sullivan, was an American author and activist known for his work on behalf of trans men.[1]

Life and career

Sullivan grew up in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After working as a secretary for the Slavic Languages Department at the University of Wisconsin, Sullivan and boyfriend moved to San Francisco. Sullivan started taking male hormones in 1978, then changed his name and took a job at a sporting goods store. He had chest reconstruction in 1980 and genital surgery in 1986. That year he was diagnosed with HIV, and he died of AIDS in 1991.[2]

Sullivan wrote the first guidebook for FTM persons[3], and also a biography of the San Francisco FTM, Jack Bee Garland.[4] Sullivan was instrumental in demonstrating the existence of trans men attracted to men.[5][6][7][8]


  1. ^ Susan Stryker (1999). "Portrait of a Transfag Drag Hag as a Young Man: The Activist Career of Louis G. Sullivan," in Kate More and Stephen Whittle (eds). Reclaiming Gender: Transsexual Grammars at the Fin de Siecle, pp. 62-82. Cassells, ISBN 9780304337767
  2. ^ Pat Califia (1997). Sex Changes : The Politics of Transgenderism. Cleis Press, ISBN 9781573440721
  3. ^ Louis Sullivan (1980). Information for the female to male cross dresser and transsexual. Janus Information Society
  4. ^ Louis Sullivan (1990). From Female to Male: The Life of Jack Bee Garland. Alyson Publications, ISBN 9781555831509
  5. ^ Eli Coleman & Walter O. Bockting. "Heterosexual" prior to Sex Reassignment – "Homosexual" Afterwards: A case Study of a Female-to-Male Transsexual. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality. Vol 1(2). 1988 pp69-82
  6. ^ Susan Stryker (1998). Lou Sullivan. Third International Congress on Sex and Gender.
  7. ^ The Lou Sullivan Memorial Issue. FTMi Newsletter, Issue 58: Spring 2005.
  8. ^ Special Issue. FTM Newsletter, Summer 2007.

External links

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