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Louis
Duke of Brittanty
Dauphin of France
Louis, "duc de Bretagne"
Full name
Louis de France
Royal House of Bourbon
Father Louis de France, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
Born 8 January 1707(1707-01-08)
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 8 March 1712 (aged 5)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial Basilica of St Denis

Louis de France, Duke of Brittany "duc de Bretagne", Dauphin of France (Versailles, 8 January 1707 – Versailles, 8 March 1712) was the second son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy.

As a grandson of the Dauphin, he was styled a Grandson of France.

Due to the deaths of his grandfather, Louis, le Grand Dauphin in 1711, and his father Louis, Duke of Burgundy in 1712, during the reign of Louis XIV, he became heir apparent to the throne of France and therefore Dauphin of France, for three weeks in 1712, until his death. His younger brother became the Dauphin and eventually succeeded the King as Louis XV in 1715.

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Biography

His paternal grandparents were Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria. Duchess Maria Anna was a grand daughter of Christine Marie of France, daughter of Henry IV of France.

His maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and his first wife Anne Marie d'Orléans; Anne Marie was a daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Henrietta Anne of England; she had previously held the rank of Grand daughter of France.

Louis de France was born at Versailles to the Duke and Duchess of Burgundy; at birth he was created the Duke of Brittany and was the first person to hold the Regnal title for almost 200 years.

At the time of his birth Louis was the third-in-line heir to his great-grandfather Louis XIV of France. He was preceded in birth by an elder brother, also named Louis, who was born in 1704 and died in infancy the following year.

His paternal grandfather, Louis, Dauphin of France and Prince of Viana, died on 14 April 1711. Young Louis' father became Dauphin and Louis became the second-in-line heir to the throne.

His parents contracted an illness in early 1712. His mother died first on 12 February at Versailles. His father died on 18 February at the Château de Marly. At this point Louis became the Dauphin, the heir apparent of his great-grandfather Louis XIV of France. However he died himself less than a month later.

His death is attributed to contracting measles.

Louis was buried in Basilica of St Denis. His younger brother, the Duke of Anjou, became Dauphin in his place and would succeed their great-grandfather as Louis XV of France.

Ancestors

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