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Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou: Wikis

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Prince Louis Alphonse of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Touraine (Luis Alfonso Gonzalo Víctor Manuel Marco de Borbón y Martínez-Bordiú; born 25 April 1974, Madrid) is a claimant to the French throne, and considered to be the head of the French Royal House by legitimists who consider the renunciation of Philip V of Spain as invalid. As king, he would be named Louis XX of France.

Pretender
Louis Alphonse of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou
Louis de Bourbon.jpg
Born 25 April 1974 (1974-04-25) (age 35)
Flag of Spain.svg Madrid (Spain)
Regnal name claimed Louis XX, King of France and Navarre
Title(s) Duke of Anjou (disputed)
Throne(s) claimed France, Navarre
Pretend from January 30, 1989 – present
Monarchy abolished 1830
Last monarch Charles X
Connection with third cousin, six times removed
Royal House Bourbon
Father Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
Mother María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
Spouse María Margarita Vargas Santaella
Children Princess Eugenia de Bourbon

He is a great-grandson of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and first cousin once removed of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. He is also a great-grandson of Francisco Franco.

Contents

Historical background

His supporters usually call themselves legitimists, one of three claimant parties to the extinct throne of France. The term was originally applied to those who supported Charles X of France after his replacement as French King by his cousin, Louis-Philippe on 9 August 1830. Charles X and his eldest son, Dauphin Louis-Antoine, Duke of Angoulême, abdicated the throne, but Charles' supporters maintained that he was the "legitimate" king. Louis-Philippe had been Duke of Orléans so his supporters were called Orléanists. After the abdication of Charles X, some legitimists transferred their loyalty to his grandson, Henri, comte de Chambord. When Louis-Antoine died on June 3, 1844, his remaining partisans recognized the comte de Chambord as the rightful heir.

When the comte de Chambord died on 24 August 1883, some of the legitimists recognized Louis-Philippe's grandson, Philippe, Comte de Paris, as the rightful heir. Others transferred their loyalty to members of the Spanish Royal Family who were descended from Philip V of Spain, an uncle of Louis XV of France. King Philip (and Louis XIV, his grandfather) renounced his claim to the French throne as part of Treaty of Utrecht recognizing him as King of Spain. Legitimists regard this as invalid, because, under the fundamental law of French monarchy, neither a king nor his heirs can renounce the claim to a throne they hold but do not possess. Luis Alfonso is the current claimant, in the view of this group. His supporters are called légitimistes.

Life

Louis Alphonse was born in Madrid, the second son of Alfonso, and of his wife Doña María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco.

Alfonso was at that time the dauphin according to those who supported the claim of his father, the Prince Don Jaime, Duke of Anjou and Segovia, to the French throne.

On March 20, 1975, the Prince Don Jaime (Jacques-Henri VI), Duke of Anjou and Segovia, died. Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz thus became head of the French Royal House according to the legitimists. As such, he took the title Duke of Anjou. On September 19, 1981, the Duke of Anjou gave Louis Alphonse the title Duke of Touraine.

Louis Alphonse's parents divorced in 1982. The religious marriage was annulled in 1986. His mother has since remarried civilly twice; he has a half-sister, Cynthia Rossi.

On February 7, 1984 Louis Alphonse's older brother Francisco died as the result of a car crash. From that date Louis Alphonse has been considered to be the heir apparent to his father, according to the legitimists. As such, he was given the additional title Duke of Bourbon on September 27.

In 1987 the Spanish government declared that the title Duke of Cádiz would not be hereditary (as this title is traditionally attached to the Crown). As such when Louis Alphonse's father died, he did not inherit it.

On 30 January 1989 his father died in a skiing accident in Beaver Creek, Colorado. Louis Alphonse became "Chef de la Maison de Bourbon" (Head of the French Royal House) and took the title Duke of Anjou. He is considered the pretender to the French throne by adherents of the Legitimist movement.

Louis Alphonse studied Economics at University. He worked several years for BNP Paribas, a French bank in Madrid. Although he regularly visited France, where his mother lived for several years, he continued to live in Spain.

His engagement to marry Venezuelan heiress María Margarita Vargas Santaella was announced in November 2003. They were married civilly in Caracas on 5 November 2004 and religiously on 6 November 2004 in La Romana, Dominican Republic. None of the members of the Spanish Royal Family attended the wedding. Though no official reason was given, it is not a secret that the King of Spain does not like his cousin's claim to the French throne and the fact that Luis Alfonso signed the wedding invitation as Duke of Anjou did not sit well with the king.[1] The couple have lived in Venezuela since 2005, where he works at Banco Occidental de Descuento.

In June 2006, Louis Alphonse refused to attend his mother's third wedding, because he does not agree with her way of life as a celebrity and her separation from her previous husband, a man whom he greatly respects.[2]

Louis Alphonse and Margarita had their first child, a daughter, named Eugenia on 5 March 2007 at Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida. She was baptised at the papal nunciature in Paris in June 2007. French legitimists recognise her as Princess Eugenie of Bourbon; in Spanish her name is Doña Eugenia de Borbón y Vargas.

The couple are expecting their second and third children, twins, in spring 2010.[3]

Titles and honours

Louis Alphonse of Bourbon is the legitimist pretender to the French crown and could take the name and number Louis XX, if he were reigning and chose to use the name "Louis" as king, and the preceding legitimist pretenders were also assigned regnal names and numbers. He is currently the Head of the House of Bourbon, and claims the following titles:

Ancestors

See also; Descendants of Louis XIV of France.

Patrilineal descent

Louis is a member of the House of Bourbon, a sub-branch of the House of Capet and of the Robertians.

Louis' patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. It follows the Kings of Spain, the Kings of France, the Dukes of Bourbon and before them, again the Kings of France. The line can be traced back more than 1,400 years and is one of the oldest in Europe.

  1. Robert or Radon, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia in 613
  2. Robert, Referendary in 629 and Duke in 631
  3. Erlebert, Noble of Therouanne
  4. Robert, Mayor of the Palace of Neustria in 653, Referendary in 658 and Count in Alsace in 673
  5. Lambert II, Count of Neustria, 678–741
  6. Robert I of Worms and Rheingau, d. 764
  7. Thuringbert of Worms and Rheingau
  8. Robert II of Worms and Rheingau (Robert of Hesbaye), 770–807
  9. Robert III of Worms and Rheingau, 808–834
  10. Robert IV the Strong, 820–866
  11. Robert I of France, 866–923
  12. Hugh the Great, Count of Paris, 898–956
  13. Hugh Capet of France, 940–996
  14. Robert II of France, 972–1031
  15. Henry I of France, 1008–1060
  16. Philip I of France, 1052–1108
  17. Louis VI of France, 1081–1137
  18. Louis VII of France, 1120–1180
  19. Philip II of France, 1165–1223
  20. Louis VIII of France, 1187 1226
  21. Louis IX of France, 1162–1221
  22. Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256–1317
  23. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279–1342
  24. James I, Count of La Marche, 1319–1362
  25. John I, Count of La Marche, 1344–1393
  26. Louis I, Count of Vendôme, 1376–1446
  27. Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428–1477
  28. François, Count of Vendôme, 1470–1495
  29. Charles, Duke of Vendôme, 1489–1537
  30. Antoine of Navarre, 1518–1562
  31. Henry IV of France, 1553–1610
  32. Louis XIII of France, 1601–1643
  33. Louis XIV of France, 1638–1715
  34. Louis, Dauphin of France, 1661–1711
  35. Philip V of Spain, 1683–1746
  36. Charles III of Spain, 1716–1788
  37. Charles IV of Spain, 1748–1819
  38. Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain, 1794–1865
  39. Francis, Duke of Cádiz, 1822–1902
  40. Alfonso XII of Spain, 1857–1885
  41. Alfonso XIII of Spain, 1886–1941
  42. Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, 1908–1975
  43. Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz, 1936–1989
  44. Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou, b. 1974

Notes

Bibliography

  • Thierry Ardisson. Louis XX. Contre-enquête sur la monarchie., Olivier Orban, 1986, ISBN 2-85565-334-7
  • Apezarena, José. Luis Alfonso de Borbón: Un príncipe a la espera. Forthcoming.
  • Cassani Pironti, Fabio. Bref crayon généalogique de S.A.R. la Princesse Marie-Marguerite, Duchesse d'Anjou, née Vargas Santaella, Le Lien Légitimiste, n. 16, 2007.
  • Opfell, Olga S. 'H.R.H. Louis-Alphonse, Prince of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou: Royal House of France (House of Bourbon," Royalty Who Wait: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2001. 11-32.

External links

Louis XX of France
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 25 April 1974
French nobility
Preceded by
Alphonse III
Duke of Anjou
January 30, 1989 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
King Juan Carlos I of Spain
Preceded by
François de France
Duke of Bourbon
September 27, 1984 - present
New title Duke of Touraine
September 19, 1981 – September 27, 1984
Title dissolved
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Alphonse III
— TITULAR —
King of France and Navarre
Legitimist pretender to the French throne
January 30, 1989 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Bourbon monarchy deposed in 1830
Incumbent
Heir:
King Juan Carlos I of Spain
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