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Louis Armand
Born January 17, 1905(1905-01-17)
Cruseilles, Haute-Savoie, France
Died August 30, 1971 (aged 66)
Villers-sur-Mer, France
Occupation Engineer
Known for Inventor, administrator, resistance fighter
Spouse(s) Genevieve Gazel

For the writer and critical theorist, see Louis Armand (writer)

Louis Armand (17 January 1905 – 30 August 1971) was a French engineer who managed several public companies and had a significant role during World War II as an officer in the Resistance. He was the first chair of Euratom, and was elected to the Académie française in 1963.




Early years

Armand was born at Cruseilles, Haute-Savoie, and studied in Annecy and Lyon, at the Lycée du Parc. He graduated second in his class from the Ecole Polytechnique (class of 1924) then joined the Corps des Mines and was major from Ecole des Mines[1]. In 1928 married Genevieve Gazel.


He joined the Compagnie du chemin de fer Paris-Lyon-Mediterranee (PLM) in 1934. In 1938 he joined the French national railway company, Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français (SNCF). In 1940 - 1941 he invented a method for preventing the calcification, furring up, of engine boilers called the TIA (Traitement Integral Armand) water treatment process for steam locomotives.[2]

During the Second World War he organized and led the Resistance group named Résistance-Fer from February 1943 onwards. He was arrested by the Gestapo on June 25, 1944. He was liberated from jail during Paris' liberation; was decorated (Croix de la Liberation)

In 1949 Armand was named General Manager of SNCF and created the Société du tunnel sous la Manche in 1957. During this time he pushed for the electrification of the rail system using DC voltage.

From 1958 to 1959, he co-managed the European atomic energy commission with Conor Quilligan (Euratom) having inspired its creation[1].

In 1971 successfully pushed to have the word “creativity” included in the French dictionary.[1]

Armand died in Villers-sur-Mer, at 66.


  • 1961 : Plaidoyer pour l’avenir
  • 1965 : De la Savoie au Val d’Aoste par le tunnel du Mont-Blanc
  • 1968 : Simples propos
  • 1968 : Le pari européen (with Michel Drancourt)
  • 1969 : Propos ferroviaires
  • 1970 : De la cybernétique à l’intéressement
  • 1970 : L’Entreprise de demain
  • 1974 : Message pour ma patrie professionnelle


  • Buzaré, Josette (2000). Louis Armand, le savoyard du siècle. Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, France: Éd. La Salévienne.

External links

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Henri Mondor
Seat 38
Académie française

Succeeded by
Jean-Jacques Gautier


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