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Louis Armstrong
A picture of Louis Armstrong. <a name=.Short-haired black man in his fifties blowing into a trumpet.^ Synopsis: Jazz trumpeter and singer Louis Armstrong is the star of A Rhapsody in Black and Blue, one of numerous musical shorts directed by Aubrey Scotto in the 1930s.
  • Louis Armstrong Filmography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He is wearing a light-colored sport coat, a white shirt and a bow tie. .He is faced left with his eyes looking upwards.^ His left eye looks rather relaxed and resigned while his right eye is vigilantly sizing up every detail and nuance of what's before him.
  • JazzWax: PhotoStory5: Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzwax.com [Source type: General]

His right hand is fingering the trumpet, with the index finger down and three fingers pointing upwards. The man's left hand is mostly covered with a handkerchief and it has a shining ring on the little finger. He is wearing a wristwatch on the left wrist." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/8/6/0/2461211245144224.jpg" width="250" height="195" />
.
Louis Armstrong's stage personality matched his flashy cornet and trumpet playing.^ Louis Armstrong What we play is life.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ NPR's Margaret Howze reports on the song's background and its definitive 1925 recording by Bessie Smith, with cornet accompaniment by Louis Armstrong.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong is also known for his raspy singing voice.
Background information
Birth name Louis Daniel Armstrong
Born August 4, 1901
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Died July 6, 1971 (aged 69)
Corona, Queens, New York City
Genres Jazz, Dixieland, swing, traditional pop
Occupations Musician
Instruments Trumpet, cornet, vocals
Years active c. 1914–71
Associated acts Joe "King" Oliver, Ella Fitzgerald, Kid Ory
.Louis Daniel Armstrong[1] (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971)[2] nicknamed Satchmo[3] or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana.^ Louis Armstrong (4 August 1901 - July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo and Pops , was an American jazz musician.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans Stomp - (with Louis Armstrong) 18.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis 'Satchmo' Armstrong and his friends .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an "inventive" cornet and trumpet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence on jazz, shifting the music's focus from collective improvisation to solo performers.^ One of the most famous jazz musicians of the 20th century, he first achieved fame as a cornet player, later on switching to trumpet, but toward the end of his career he was best known as a vocalist and became one of the most influential jazz singers.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ SCOPE: This webliography is devoted to helping people of all ages and backgrounds learn more about the life and times, myths and facts, and stories and music of the virtuoso trumpet player Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong .
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

.With his distinctive gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purposes.^ Armstrong was as adept and influential on his trumpet as he was with his voice.

^ And while Armstrong may not have been gifted with a classically beautiful singing voice, the way he made a melody his own has inspired popular singers ever since; Frank Sinatra said that Louis Armstrong turned popular song into art.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ During his work with Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, Armstrong further refined his improvisational skills and eventually abandoned the fixed melody.

.He was also greatly skilled at scat singing, or vocalizing using syllables instead of actual lyrics.^ Using vowels and consonants, Armstrong created vocal music in a style that became known as scat singing .

^ The genius in Armstrong's scat singing resides partly in his ability to tell a story without using actual words.

^ He also was one of the first to sing in "scat" style, essentially trying to sound out the notes instead of the words.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Renowned for his charismatic stage presence and deep, instantly recognizable voice almost as much as for his trumpet-playing, Armstrong's influence extends well beyond jazz music, and by the end of his career in the 1960s, he was widely regarded as a profound influence on popular music in general.^ Armstrong defined what it was to play Jazz.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Armstrong was as adept and influential on his trumpet as he was with his voice.

^ One of the most famous jazz musicians of the 20th century, he first achieved fame as a cornet player, later on switching to trumpet, but toward the end of his career he was best known as a vocalist and became one of the most influential jazz singers.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Early life

.Armstrong often stated in public interviews that he was born on July 4, 1900,[4] a date that has been noted in many biographies.^ His real birth date is August 4, 1901, but some people believe it was July 4, 1900.

^ Born in New Orleans on August 4, 1901 (the PBS film debunks his mythical July 4, 1900, birthdate), Louis Armstrong, shown above, was heir to the poverty suffered by Southern blacks at the turn of the century.
  • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Although it would be fitting for American icon Louis Armstrong to be born on July 4, 1900, which Armstrong himself stated was his date of birth, evidence from a baptismal certificate indicates that his true birthday was August 4, 1901.

.Although he died in 1971, it was not until the mid-1980s that his true birth date of August 4, 1901 was discovered through the examination of baptismal records.^ His real birth date is August 4, 1901, but some people believe it was July 4, 1900.

^ Although it would be fitting for American icon Louis Armstrong to be born on July 4, 1900, which Armstrong himself stated was his date of birth, evidence from a baptismal certificate indicates that his true birthday was August 4, 1901.

^ Although he really was born on August 4, 1901, Louis's lifelong conviction that his birthday coincided with the Fourth of July was telling.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.Armstrong was born into a very poor family in New Orleans, Louisiana, the grandson of slaves.^ Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, August 4th 1901 to Mayanne and William Armstrong.

^ Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.

^ The family that took care of him was a Jewish family that lived in an area in New Orleans called "The Battlefield" because it was so bad.

.He spent his youth in poverty, in a rough neighborhood of Uptown New Orleans, known as “Back of Town”, as his father, William Armstrong (1881–1922), abandoned the family when Louis was an infant and took up with another woman.^ New Orleans Stomp - (with Louis Armstrong) 18.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans in 1901.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.

.His mother, Mary "Mayann" Albert (1886–1942), then left Louis and his younger sister Beatrice Armstrong Collins (1903–1987) in the care of his grandmother, Josephine Armstrong, and at times, his Uncle Isaac.^ Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra: 1942-1965 .
  • Louis Armstrong Filmography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Synopsis: "Bix" Beiderbecke (1903-1931) was one of the best (and self-taught) cornetists in U.S. jazz history, playing at a time when Louis Armstrong was acclaimed for his jazz renderings, yet in no way similar to Armstrong in sound and style.
  • Louis Armstrong Filmography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When William left the family and Mary Albert (referred to as Mayann by Armstrong) moved to Perdido Street, an area known for prostitution, Armstrong moved in with his grandmother Josephine Armstrong.

.At five, he moved back to live with his mother and her relatives, and saw his father only in parades.^ At the age of five he moved in with his mother and sister.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ He was released in 1914 and briefly lived with his father before returning to his mother's home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Then I saw the signs on the back of the seats saying: FOR COLORED PASSENGERS ONLY. "What do those signs says?"
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.He attended the Fisk School for Boys.^ When he was six years old, Louis began attending the Fisk School for Boys, located at 507 South Franklin, near his house.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only educational institution he ever attended, the Fisk School was a decidedly separate and unequal facility, but nonetheless quite remarkable.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.It was there that he likely had his first exposure to Creole music.^ Music was an integral part of Fisk; the school boasted choirs, staged operettas, and several distinguished Creole musicians taught there.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis learned to read and write at Fisk, and he probably gained his first exposure to music there.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

He brought in some money as a paperboy and also by finding discarded food and selling it to restaurants, but it was not enough to keep his mother from prostitution. He hung out in dance halls close to home, where he observed everything from licentious dancing to the quadrille. .For extra money he also hauled coal to Storyville, the famed red-light district, and listened to the bands playing in the brothels and dance halls, especially Pete Lala's where Joe "King" Oliver performed and other famous musicians would drop in to jam.^ August 6, 2000 NPR's John Burnett travels to New Orleans in search of the jazz masterpiece "West End Blues," written by Joe "King" Oliver.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ He mainly played New Orleans style jazz, just like his biggest influence Joe King Oliver.

^ Moves to Chicago to play second cornet in the band of Joe Oliver, now nicknamed "King Oliver."

.After dropping out of the Fisk School at age eleven, Armstrong joined a quartet of boys that sang in the streets for money.^ He was sent to a reform school called the Colored Waif's Home for Boys, which in the end proved positive for Armstrong.

^ When he was six years old, Louis began attending the Fisk School for Boys, located at 507 South Franklin, near his house.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1957, Armstrong cancelled his tour in Russia to speak out against President Eisenhower and the way desegregation was handled in a school in Little Rock, Arkansas.

But he also started to get into trouble. .Cornet player Bunk Johnson said he taught Armstrong (then 11) to play by ear at Dago Tony's Tonk in New Orleans,[6] although in his later years Armstrong gave the credit to Oliver.^ New Orleans Stomp 11.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ August 6, 2000 NPR's John Burnett travels to New Orleans in search of the jazz masterpiece "West End Blues," written by Joe "King" Oliver.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ He mainly played New Orleans style jazz, just like his biggest influence Joe King Oliver.

Armstrong hardly looked back at his youth as the worst of times but instead drew inspiration from it, “Every time I close my eyes blowing that trumpet of mine—I look right in the heart of good old New Orleans...It has given me something to live for.”[7]
.He also worked for a Lithuanian-Jewish immigrant family, the Karnofskys, who had a junk hauling business and gave him odd jobs.^ The family that took care of him was a Jewish family that lived in an area in New Orleans called "The Battlefield" because it was so bad.

^ Josephine passed her days washing and ironing clothes for white folks, and it was Josephine who, through simple necessity, gave him his first lessons in the value of work.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.They took him in and treated him as almost a family member, knowing he lived without a father, and would feed and nurture him.^ They would have made sense to him.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ He didn't know what to make of them; they looked to him like Carter's Little Liver Pills, only they were about three times larger.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Then they would get their usual ignorant Cheshire cat laughs before they would shoot him down like a dog."
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[8] .He later wrote a memoir of his relationship with the Karnofskys titled, Louis Armstrong + the Jewish Family in New Orleans, La., the Year of 1907. In it he describes his discovery that this family was also subject to discrimination by "other white folks' nationalities who felt that they were better than the Jewish race.^ New Orleans Stomp - (with Louis Armstrong) 18.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, LA * d.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ October 18, 2003 This week, on an unassuming street in the Corona section of Queens in New York, the Louis Armstrong House opened to the public.
  • Louis Armstrong : NPR 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.I was only seven years old but I could easily see the ungodly treatment that the White Folks were handing the poor Jewish family whom I worked for."^ The Karnofskys, a family of Russian Jewish immigrants, hires Louis to work on their junk wagon.

^ In his parents' absence, Louis's crucial first experiences in love, work, punishment, play, and white folks came while he lived with his grandmother, Josephine.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis's life took a turn for the better when Mayann found "a good job working for a nice white family.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong wore a Star of David pendant for the rest of his life and wrote about what he learned from them: "how to live—real life and determination."[9] Armstrong also learned to speak fluent Yiddish that proved useful when he played in New York. .The influence of Karnofsky is remembered in New Orleans by the Karnofsky Project, a non-profit organization dedicated to accepting donated musical instruments to "put them into the hands of an eager child who could not otherwise take part in a wonderful learning experience."^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ They gathered fingernail clippings and hair that fell from their heads; if these items fell into the wrong hands, they could be used to control them.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Laveau drove out her rivals and became increasingly influential over the blacks of New Orleans, especially the women, who dared not disobey her edicts.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[10]
Armstrong with his first trumpet instructor, Peter Davis in 1965.
.Armstrong developed his cornet playing seriously in the band of the New Orleans Home for Colored Waifs, where he had been sent multiple times for general delinquency, most notably for a long term after firing his stepfather's pistol into the air at a New Year's Eve celebration, as police records confirm.^ He was separated from his family again in 1912 when he fired a pistol in the air on New Year's Eve; arrested, he was confined to the Colored Waif's Home for Boys.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1971, after peforming for two weeks at the Empire Room at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, Armstrong passed away in his sleep at his home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]

.Professor Peter Davis (who frequently appeared at the Home at the request of its administrator, Captain Joseph Jones)[11] instilled discipline in and provided musical training to the otherwise self-taught Armstrong.^ While in the Waif's Home, Louis receives musical instruction from the band director, Peter Davis, and eventually becomes leader of the Waif's Home band.

^ Actors: Sammy Davis, Jr. Louis Armstrong , Ossie Davis , Cicely Tyson , Frank Sinatra, Jr. Peter Lawford .
  • Louis Armstrong Filmography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (F/letter by Armstrong to Captain Joseph Jones) Gilbert M. Erskine: Countin' the Blues.
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzinstitut.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

Eventually, Davis made Armstrong the band leader. .The Home band played around New Orleans and the thirteen year old Louis began to draw attention by his cornet playing, starting him on a musical career.^ Ten years ago we also started a music studies program at the University of New Orleans.
  • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ They began to play the bugle and then the cornet.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ A friend of mine asked me recently why he was able to extend his career and become more popular, more successful, and more famous at a time when most of his contemporaries were fading out, and I said the answer is TV. Louis started the All-Stars in 1948, which was the same year that network television began, and all of a sudden you could turn on that little box and see him.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

[12] .At fourteen he was released from the Home, living again with his father and new stepmother and then back with his mother and also back to the streets and their temptations.^ He was released in 1914 and briefly lived with his father before returning to his mother's home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ He grew up in black Storyville -- the prostitution district in New Orleans -- where his mother was a part-time whore, and his father deserted the family within weeks of his birth.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com real.com RealPlayer Music Video Live News Games   Home ?
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong got his first dance hall job at Henry Ponce’s where Black Benny became his protector and guide.^ MP3 Black President MP3 Mack The Knife MP3 Mack the Knife MP3 Concert Hall Days, Volume 1 MP3 Louis Armstrong & Friends .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]

He hauled coal by day and played his cornet at night.
.He also played in the city's frequent brass band parades and listened to older musicians every chance he got, learning from Bunk Johnson, Buddy Petit, Kid Ory, and above all, Joe "King" Oliver, who acted as a mentor and father figure to the young musician.^ A self-taught trumpet player and singer burst onto the scene at age 17 in 1918, replacing the legendary King Oliver in Kid Ory's band.
  • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Moves to Chicago to play second cornet in the band of Joe Oliver, now nicknamed "King Oliver."

^ Jailhouse Jazzmen Play King Oliver (1961/62) (LP) .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Later, he played in the brass bands and riverboats of New Orleans and first started traveling with the well-regarded band of Fate Marable which toured on a steamboat up and down the Mississippi River.^ The next year he was hired by Fate Marable to perform on the Mississippi riverboats.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ He grew up in black Storyville -- the prostitution district in New Orleans -- where his mother was a part-time whore, and his father deserted the family within weeks of his birth.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

.He described his time with Marable as "going to the University," since it gave him a much wider experience working with written arrangements.^ Much of the time, he was sheltered by his maternal grandmother, Josephine, who cared for him lovingly.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ JJM  So much of jazz has changed, and as with any art, opinions are varied -- in this case whether it is better or different or worse since the time of Armstrong.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Josephine passed her days washing and ironing clothes for white folks, and it was Josephine who, through simple necessity, gave him his first lessons in the value of work.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.In 1919, Joe Oliver decided to go north and he resigned his position in Kid Ory's band, then regarded as the best hot jazz group in New Orleans.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Enjoy New Orleans brand new Best Western St. Christopher Hotel located in the heart of New Orleans and jus ...more .
  • Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana LA hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC seelouisiana.com [Source type: General]

^ Memories of New Orleans Release Date: 12/22/05 Label: Saga Jazz .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong replaced his mentor in Ory's band. He also became second trumpet for the Tuxedo Brass Band, a society band.[13]

Career

“Heebie Jeebies” by Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five
.On March 19, 1918, Louis married Daisy Parker from Gretna, Louisiana.^ Armstrong married Daisy Parker in 1918.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Marries Daisy Parker, a prostitute from Gretna, Louisiana.

.They adopted a 3-year-old boy, Clarence Armstrong, whose mother, Louis's cousin Flora, died soon after giving birth.^ At the time of Louis's birth, the Armstrongs lived in a small, single-story dwelling at 723 Jane Alley--sometimes called Jane's Alley, or James Alley.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ While Louis watched, she deposited a dime on the tomb, and explained that the moment they were out of sight the old Voodoo Queen herself would rise from her tomb and snatch it away.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Although they enjoyed considerable freedom, Louis Armstrong's ancestors didn't belong to this privileged class.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Clarence Armstrong was mentally disabled (the result of a head injury at an early age) and Louis would spend the rest of his life taking care of him.^ SCOPE: This webliography is devoted to helping people of all ages and backgrounds learn more about the life and times, myths and facts, and stories and music of the virtuoso trumpet player Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong .
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ Mayann would take a purge right along with the rest of us, every night before going to bed.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ His father, William Armstrong, abandoned the family shortly after, leaving him to live with his grandmother for the first five years of his life.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[14] Louis's marriage to Parker failed quickly and they separated. She died shortly after the divorce.
Through all his riverboat experience Armstrong’s musicianship began to mature and expand. .At twenty, he could now read music and he started to be featured in extended trumpet solos, one of the first jazzmen to do this, injecting his own personality and style into his solo turns.^ Post Review or Comment Review by junkmale Feb 16, 2007 (edited over 2 years ago ) Considered by some to be the greatest musical entertainer of the 20th century, Louis was certainly one of the greatest ever trumpeters with an unsurpassed clarity of tone and a style all his own.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ He was actually the first black person to host a show of his own on commercial radio, which was a very big thing.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

He had learned how to create a unique sound and also started using singing and patter in his performances.[15] .In 1922, Armstrong joined the exodus to Chicago, where he had been invited by his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to join his Creole Jazz Band and where he could make a sufficient income so that he no longer needed to supplement his music with day labor jobs.^ Oliver became his mentor, and Armstrong was able to get bookings at a number of clubs around the city and work with a number of bands.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Moves to Chicago to play second cornet in the band of Joe Oliver, now nicknamed "King Oliver."

^ Joe Oliver moves to Chicago and Louis takes his place in the Kid Ory band, a leading group in New Orleans.

.It was a boom time in Chicago and though race relations were poor, the “Windy City” was teeming with jobs for blacks, who were making good wages in factories and had plenty to spend on entertainment.^ He wandered out in the street, alone in the great teeming city for the first time in his life, and headed toward Rampart Street, where the food shops were located.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Wealthy Creoles pursued their private, elegant, decadent lifestyle; enslaved blacks imported into the city supplied the labor necessary to make it all run.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Oliver's band was the best and most influential hot jazz band in Chicago in the early 1920s, at a time when Chicago was the center of the jazz universe.^ Records "West End Blues" (28 June 1928) which becomes one of the most famous recordings in early jazz.

^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

.Armstrong lived like a king in Chicago, in his own apartment with his own private bath (his first).^ His father, William Armstrong, abandoned the family shortly after, leaving him to live with his grandmother for the first five years of his life.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ King suites overlooking Canal Street, all rooms boast private baths, hairdryers, iron a ...more .
  • Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana LA hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC seelouisiana.com [Source type: General]

^ Before that, Brothers published the first anthology of Armstrong's own writings.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

.Excited as he was to be in Chicago, he began his career-long pastime of writing nostalgic letters to friends in New Orleans.^ The Best Western St. Christopher Hotel is ideally situated in New Orleans within easy walking distance of exciting nightlife, t...
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

^ In 1928 Armstrong began fronting Carroll Dickerson's Orchestra and traveled east from Chicago to New York.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Conveniently located on Interstate 10, The Travel Inn Plaza is just minutes from the exciting French Quarter, New Orleans Super dome and riverboat casinos.
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

.As Armstrong’s reputation grew, he was challenged to “cutting contests” by hornmen trying to displace the new phenom, who could blow two hundred high C’s in a row.^ Most of the people who have written about Armstrong wrote one or the other of those two books.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ It's also, as I've said, a book about Armstrong as a musician, and about Armstrong as a delighted soul who truly loved his life and tried to live every part of it as deeply as he could.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Not long after World War II, he acquired two reel-to-reel tape recorders so that he could tape his record collection and listen to it while he was out on the road over three hundred nights a year.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

[16] .Armstrong made his first recordings on the Gennett and Okeh labels (jazz records were starting to boom across the country), including taking some solos and breaks, while playing second cornet in Oliver's band in 1923. At this time, he met Hoagy Carmichael (with whom he would collaborate later) who was introduced by friend Bix Beiderbecke, who now had his own Chicago band.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: "Bix" Beiderbecke (1903-1931) was one of the best (and self-taught) cornetists in U.S. jazz history, playing at a time when Louis Armstrong was acclaimed for his jazz renderings, yet in no way similar to Armstrong in sound and style.
  • Louis Armstrong Filmography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early Big Band Performances: 1929-1933 Release Date: 11/8/05 Label: Jazz Legends .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong enjoyed working with Oliver, but Louis's second wife, pianist Lil Hardin Armstrong, urged him to seek more prominent billing and develop his newer style away from the influence of Oliver.^ He is currently at work on a biography of Louis Armstrong.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Oliver became his mentor, and Armstrong was able to get bookings at a number of clubs around the city and work with a number of bands.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Although they enjoyed considerable freedom, Louis Armstrong's ancestors didn't belong to this privileged class.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong took the advice of his wife and left Oliver's band.^ Two years after he left Mayann, Willie Armstrong returned to his wife.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ (N) NN: Armstrong left an 300,000 dollar estate to his wife, in: Melody Maker, 23.Dec.1972, p.
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzinstitut.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

.For a year Armstrong played in Fletcher Henderson's band in New York on many recordings.^ In 1971, after peforming for two weeks at the Empire Room at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, Armstrong passed away in his sleep at his home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Though his period in New York was rather successful, he quit Fletcher Henderson's band and returned to Chicago in 1925 and makes his first recordings with his own group, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.After playing in New York, Armstrong returned to Chicago, playing in large orchestras; there he created his most important early recordings.^ New York to Chicago: 1925-1940 .

^ In 1971, after peforming for two weeks at the Empire Room at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, Armstrong passed away in his sleep at his home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

[17] .Lil had her husband play classical music in church concerts to broaden his skill and improve his solo play and she prodded him into wearing more stylish attire to make him look sharp and to better offset his growing girth.^ He didn't know what to make of them; they looked to him like Carter's Little Liver Pills, only they were about three times larger.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Yet it didn't faze him a bit to be standing there in front of the camera, wearing a leopard skin and playing "Shine," because it was what he wanted to do.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

Lil’s influence eventually undermined Armstrong’s relationship with his mentor, especially concerning his salary and additional moneys that Oliver held back from Armstrong and other band members. .Armstrong and Oliver parted amicably in 1924. Shortly afterward, Armstrong received an invitation to go to New York City to play with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra, the top African-American band of the day.^ New Orleans was an American city at last.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Armstrong had known Carmichael back in the King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band days in Chicago through Bix Beiderbecke and they teamed up on Hoagy's Rockin' Chair .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ After the Civil War, this was the poorest, shabbiest part of the city, and it was here that Armstrong's grandparents settled, and his parents lived, and where he would be born and raised.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong switched to the trumpet to blend in better with the other musicians in his section. .His influence upon Henderson's tenor sax soloist, Coleman Hawkins, can be judged by listening to the records made by the band during this period.^ Select Album Recordings on 78, LP and CD During his life, recordings were made in original 78 acetates and LP (Long-Play) vinyl sides.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ He Made the Band Swing, in: The Record Changer, 9/6-7 (Jul/Aug.1950), p.
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

^ The Big Band Period, in: The Record Changer, 9/6-7 (Jul/Aug.1950), p.
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

.Armstrong quickly adapted to the more tightly controlled style of Henderson, playing trumpet and even experimenting with the trombone and the other members quickly took up Armstrong’s emotional, expressive pulse.^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, blacks in New Orleans had more rights than their counterparts in any other city on the American continent, even those up north.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Soon his act included singing and telling tales of New Orleans characters, especially preachers.^ Laveau drove out her rivals and became increasingly influential over the blacks of New Orleans, especially the women, who dared not disobey her edicts.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans was exotic, especially by the standards of white Protestant America, for the city was both predominantly Catholic and racially mixed.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ With its strong appeal to the imagination and the emotions, voodoo became part of the inner life of New Orleans, especially among its women of color and Creoles of color.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[18] .The Henderson Orchestra was playing in the best venues for white-only patrons, including the famed Roseland Ballroom, featuring the classy arrangements of Don Redman.^ (EE) LOUIS ARMSTRONG AND HIS ORCHESTRA: Same as (DD) except Bernard Flood (tp) replaces Johnson and Cole plays alto only.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

.Duke Ellington’s orchestra would go to Roseland to catch Armstrong’s performances and young hornmen around town tried in vain to outplay him, splitting their lips in their attempts.^ A 2-disc "deluxe edition" was also released, with the following tracks on the additional disc: Louis Armstrong And Duke Ellington - The Great Summit (deluxe edition bonus disc) (2000, EMI) .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ "You have been a bad boy," she would tell him, "I'm going to give you a good licking."
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Best of Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington Release Date: 5/31/05 Label: Disky .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.During this time, Armstrong also made many recordings on the side, arranged by an old friend from New Orleans, pianist Clarence Williams; these included small jazz band sides with the Williams Blue Five (some of the best pairing Armstrong with one of Armstrong's few rivals in fiery technique and ideas, Sidney Bechet) and a series of accompaniments with blues singers, including Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, and Alberta Hunter.^ Select Album Recordings on 78, LP and CD During his life, recordings were made in original 78 acetates and LP (Long-Play) vinyl sides.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ Tennessee Williams and William Faulkner captured the city's essence with woods, while Louis Armstrong and Al Hirt brought it to soulful life through the blue notes ...
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

^ Tennessee Williams and William Faulkner captured the city's essence with woods, while Louis Armstrong and Al Hirt brought it to soulful life through the blue n ...more .
  • Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana LA hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC seelouisiana.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong returned to Chicago in 1925 due mostly to the urging of his wife, who wanted to pump up Armstrong’s career and income.^ Two years after he left Mayann, Willie Armstrong returned to his wife.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Though his period in New York was rather successful, he quit Fletcher Henderson's band and returned to Chicago in 1925 and makes his first recordings with his own group, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.He was content in New York but later would concede that she was right and that the Henderson Orchestra was limiting his artistic growth.^ In 1928 Armstrong began fronting Carroll Dickerson's Orchestra and traveled east from Chicago to New York.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

In publicity, much to his chagrin, she billed him as “the World’s Greatest Trumpet Player”. .At first he was actually a member of the Lil Hardin Armstrong Band and working for his wife.^ By a fortunate accident of timing, I'm the first person writing an Armstrong biography able to work with this material.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ The reason why I'm the first biographer to have access to it is because the tapes were stored in the attic of the Armstrong house, in which Louis' fourth wife, Lucille, lived after his death.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1943, Louis and his fourth wife, Lucille, bought a small house in a working-class neighborhood of Queens, NY. This was the house that Armstrong lived in for almost half his life.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

[19] .He began recording under his own name for Okeh with his famous Hot Five and Hot Seven groups, producing hits such as "Potato Head Blues", "Muggles" (a reference to marijuana, for which Armstrong had a lifelong fondness), and "West End Blues", the music of which set the standard and the agenda for jazz for many years to come.^ Potato Head Blues 20.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ West End Blues 22.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Potato Head Blues 10.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

The group included Kid Ory (trombone), Johnny Dodds (clarinet), Johnny St. Cyr (banjo), wife Lil on piano, and usually no drummer. Armstrong’s bandleading style was easygoing, as St. Cyr noted, "One felt so relaxed working with him and he was very broad-minded ... always did his best to feature each individual".[20] .His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines (most famously their 1928 Weatherbird duet) and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history.^ West End Blues (1926-1928) .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Trumpeter/vocalist Louis Armstrong is perhaps the single most influential artist in the history of jazz.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ West End Blues 1926-1933 .

Armstrong was now free to develop his personal style as he wished, which included a heavy dose of effervescent jive, such as "whip that thing, Miss Lil" and "Mr. Johnny Dodds, Aw, do that clarinet, boy!"[21]
Armstrong also played with Erskine Tate’s Little Symphony, actually a quintet, which played mostly at the Vendome Theatre. .They furnished music for silent movies and live shows, including jazz versions of classical music, such as “Madame Butterfly”, which gave Armstrong experience with longer forms of music and with hosting before a large audience.^ Louis Armstrong Jazz Classics: Great Original Performances 1923-31 Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong 1929-1930 1996 Classics Jazz (France)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong 1950-1951 2002 Classics Jazz (France)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.He began to scat sing (improvised vocal jazz using non-sensical words) and was among the first to record it, on "Heebie Jeebies" in 1926. So popular was the recording the group became the most famous jazz band in USA even though they as yet had not performed live to any great degree.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Early Big Band Performances: 1929-1933 Release Date: 11/8/05 Label: Jazz Legends .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.Young musicians across the country, black and white, were turned on by Armstrong’s new type of jazz.^ Louis Armstrong Basin Street Blues 1992 Black Label (Jazz & Gospel) (Usa)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ As a musician, I find post-Armstrong jazz to be profoundly rewarding, but it's not as accessible to the general public as the jazz being recorded and performed during Armstrong's time.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ And like many other musicians in New Orleans, he brought the influence of voodoo--particularly its mesmerizing chants and its use of childish or meaningless language--to jazz.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[22]
.After separating from Lil, Armstrong started to play at the Sunset Café for Al Capone's associate Joe Glaser in the Carroll Dickerson Orchestra, with Earl Hines on piano, which was soon renamed Louis Armstrong and his Stompers, though Hines was the music director and Glaser managed the orchestra.^ The band became known as the Louis Armstrong Orchestra, with Dickerson acting as musical director.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Tennessee Williams and William Faulkner captured the city's essence with woods, while Louis Armstrong and Al Hirt brought it to soulful life through the blue notes ...
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

Hines and Armstrong became fast friends as well as successful collaborators.
.Armstrong returned to New York, in 1929, where he played in the pit orchestra of the successful musical Hot Chocolate, an all-black revue written by Andy Razaf and pianist/composer Fats Waller.^ In 1929 Louis Armstrong was hired to play in the pit band of the popular all Black musical revue Hot Chocolates, which featured the music of Andy Razaf and Fats Waller .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong Paris Session 1934/New York Session 1938 1995 Musidisc (import)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.He also made a cameo appearance as a vocalist, regularly stealing the show with his rendition of "Ain't Misbehavin'", his version of the song becoming his biggest selling record to date.^ The show was a great success and Armstrong stole the show with his singing of Ain't Misbehavin' which became his biggest selling record to date.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Ain't Misbehavin' and Other Hits Release Date: 10/10/03 Label: Rhino Flashback .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ Love Songs Release Date: 1/18/00 Label: Legacy Recordings .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

[23]
.Armstrong started to work at Connie's Inn in Harlem, chief rival to the Cotton Club, a venue for elaborately staged floor shows,[24] and a front for gangster Dutch Schultz.^ I'm A Ding Dong Daddy (From Dumas) (by Louis Armstrong and His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra) .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Memories of You - Louis Armstrong & His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra, 8.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Memories Of The Cotton Club Era: 24...
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong also had considerable success with vocal recordings, including versions of famous songs composed by his old friend Hoagy Carmichael.^ In 1929 he started to record quite a few of Hoagy Carmichael's songs.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong Satchmo's Classic Vocals 2006 Charly Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ The show was a great success and Armstrong stole the show with his singing of Ain't Misbehavin' which became his biggest selling record to date.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

.His 1930s recordings took full advantage of the new RCA ribbon microphone, introduced in 1931, which imparted a characteristic warmth to vocals and immediately became an intrinsic part of the 'crooning' sound of artists like Bing Crosby.^ A major turning point in the last part of his career was his appearance in High Society , in which he shares the screen with Sinatra and Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ With its strong appeal to the imagination and the emotions, voodoo became part of the inner life of New Orleans, especially among its women of color and Creoles of color.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Way Down Yonder in New Orleans - (with Bing Crosby) 3.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong's famous interpretation of Hoagy Carmichael's "Stardust" became one of the most successful versions of this song ever recorded, showcasing Armstrong's unique vocal sound and style and his innovative approach to singing songs that had already become standards.^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Additionally, there are at least one thousand surviving letters written by Armstrong, most of them typewritten.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong's radical re-working of Sidney Arodin and Carmichael's "Lazy River" (recorded in 1931) encapsulated many features of his groundbreaking approach to melody and phrasing.^ Louis Armstrong Volume 5: America's Blue Yodeler 1930-1931 1991 Rounder Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Volume 5: America's Blue Yodeler 1930-1931 1991 Rounder Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ If you read in a book that Louis Armstrong was a very important man, and then put on his 1923 recording "Dippermouth Blues" with King Oliver, you're just not going to get it.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

.The song begins with a brief trumpet solo, then the main melody is stated by sobbing horns which are memorably punctuated by Armstrong's growling interjections at the end of each bar: "Yeah!^ JJM  Bing Crosby said Armstrong was "The beginning and end of music."
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ (A/T: "West End Blues"; "Struttin' with Some Barbeque") Max Jones: Yet More of the Amazing Armstrong, in: Melody Maker, 25.Sep.1971, p.
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzinstitut.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

..."Uh-huh" ..."Sure" ... ."Way down, way down". In the first verse, he ignores the notated melody entirely and sings as if playing a trumpet solo, pitching most of the first line on a single note and using strongly syncopated phrasing.^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ MTA in General Create a Fitting Backing Band Name - Lilleboll in Polls/Games/Surveys Male solo artist with the most different singles - Egbert1971 in General Band with the most different singles - Egbert1971 in General Does Tom Waits talk as he sings??
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ For instance, Armstrong used words and phrases in ways that are still part of the vernacular.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

In the second stanza he breaks into an almost fully improvised melody, which then evolves into a classic passage of Armstrong "scat singing."
.As with his trumpet playing, Armstrong's vocal innovations served as a foundation stone for the art of jazz vocal interpretation.^ JJM  So much of jazz has changed, and as with any art, opinions are varied -- in this case whether it is better or different or worse since the time of Armstrong.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Trumpeter/vocalist Louis Armstrong is perhaps the single most influential artist in the history of jazz.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Jazz Club: Trumpet, Vol 2 1991 Polydor   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

The uniquely gritty coloration of his voice became a musical archetype that was much imitated and endlessly impersonated. .His scat singing style was enriched by his matchless experience as a trumpet soloist.^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.His resonant, velvety lower-register tone and bubbling cadences on sides such as "Lazy River" exerted a huge influence on younger white singers such as Bing Crosby.^ Appears on: Bing Crosby & Friends - White Christmas [ Various Artists ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

The Depression of the early Thirties was especially hard on the jazz scene. The Cotton Club closed in 1936 after a long downward spiral and many musicians stopped playing altogether as club dates evaporated. .Bix Beiderbecke died and Fletcher Henderson’s band broke up.^ Armstrong had known Carmichael back in the King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band days in Chicago through Bix Beiderbecke and they teamed up on Hoagy's Rockin' Chair .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

.King Oliver made a few records but otherwise struggled.^ If you read in a book that Louis Armstrong was a very important man, and then put on his 1923 recording "Dippermouth Blues" with King Oliver, you're just not going to get it.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Satchmo Plays King Oliver Release Date: 3/27/01 Label: Fuel 2000 Records .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Satchmo Plays King Oliver 2002 Fuel 2000 Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.Sidney Bechet became a tailor and Kid Ory returned to New Orleans and raised chickens.^ With that ruling, an issue that had originated several years earlier as a local matter in New Orleans became a statewide and then a national policy.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ With its strong appeal to the imagination and the emotions, voodoo became part of the inner life of New Orleans, especially among its women of color and Creoles of color.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Laveau drove out her rivals and became increasingly influential over the blacks of New Orleans, especially the women, who dared not disobey her edicts.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[25] .Armstrong moved to Los Angeles in 1930 seeking new opportunities.^ New York Chicago Hollywood Los Angeles 1930 - 1944 (2xCD, Comp) .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.He played at the New Cotton Club in LA with Lionel Hampton on drums and the band drew the Hollywood crowd which could still afford a lavish night life and radio broadcasts from the club connected with younger audiences at home.^ Memories of You - Louis Armstrong & His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra, 8.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Sweethearts on Parade - Louis Armstrong & His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra, 11.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Just a Gigolo - Louis Armstrong & His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra, 12.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

.Bing Crosby and many other celebrities were regulars at the club.^ Bing Crosby: A Pocketful of Dreams , by Gary Giddins * Read what other critics wrote...
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

.In 1931, Armstrong appeared in his first movie, Ex-Flame.^ This was the beginning of his acting career, with Armstrong appearing in his first film, Ex-Flame , in 1931.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Television Appearances : Armstrong was one of the first African American artists to appear regularly on television.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong was convicted of marijuana possession but received a suspended sentence. .He returned to Chicago in late 1931 and played in bands more in the Guy Lombardo vein and he recorded more standards.^ Recorded with Guy Lombardo's Orchestra .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

.When the mob insisted that he get out of town, Armstrong visited New Orleans, got a hero’s welcome and saw old friends.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Laveau drove out her rivals and became increasingly influential over the blacks of New Orleans, especially the women, who dared not disobey her edicts.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Located in the garden district of new Orleans all of our properties offers old world charm mingled with traditional rooms.1 block to the fame...
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

He sponsored a local baseball team known as “Armstrong’s Secret Nine” and got a cigar named after himself.[26] But soon he was on the road again and after a tour across the country shadowed by the mob, Armstrong decided to go to Europe to escape.
After returning to the States, he undertook several exhausting tours. His agent Johnny Collins’ erratic behavior and his own spending ways left Armstrong short of cash. Breach of contract violations plagued him. .Finally, he hired Joe Glaser as his new manager, a tough mob-connected wheeler-dealer, who began to straighten out his legal mess, his mob troubles, and his debts.^ Laveau drove out her rivals and became increasingly influential over the blacks of New Orleans, especially the women, who dared not disobey her edicts.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong also began to experience problems with his fingers and lips, which were aggravated by his unorthodox playing style.^ For example, Armstrong had lip problems which stemmed from his being an essentially self-taught player, and they caused his playing technique to disintegrate in the early thirties -- he actually stopped playing for something like a year-and-a-half.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

As a result he branched out, developing his vocal style and making his first theatrical appearances. .He appeared in movies again, including Crosby's 1936 hit Pennies from Heaven.^ Pennies From Heaven - (with Frances Langford/Bing Crosby) 12.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Armstrong and Bing Crosby in Pennies From Heaven _____ Gone Fishin' .
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Specialty Pennies from Heaven (1936) ....
  • Louis Armstrong (I) 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.In 1937, Armstrong substituted for Rudy Vallee on the CBS radio network and became the first black to host a sponsored, national broadcast.^ He was the first African American to host a nationally-broadcast radio program in 1937.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ He was actually the first black person to host a show of his own on commercial radio, which was a very big thing.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

[27] He finally divorced Lil in 1938 and married longtime girlfriend Alpha.
.After spending many years on the road, Armstrong settled permanently in Queens, New York in 1943 in contentment with his fourth wife, Lucille.^ He married his third and last wife, Lucille Wilson, in 1943, and settled down in a house in Corona, Queens, New York.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1971, after peforming for two weeks at the Empire Room at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, Armstrong passed away in his sleep at his home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Three years after the Times piece was published, he took a tour of the Louis Armstrong House in Queens and came away with the enthusiasm required of such an endeavor.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

Although subject to the vicissitudes of Tin Pan Alley and the gangster-ridden music business, as well as anti-black prejudice, he continued to develop his playing. He recorded Hoagy Carmichael's Rockin' Chair for Okeh Records.
.During the subsequent thirty years, Armstrong played more than three hundred gigs a year.^ Three years after the Times piece was published, he took a tour of the Louis Armstrong House in Queens and came away with the enthusiasm required of such an endeavor.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong * Dream A Little Dream Of Me ________________________________________________________ JJM  What do you think America knows about Louis Armstrong thirty-four years after his death?
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Not long after World War II, he acquired two reel-to-reel tape recorders so that he could tape his record collection and listen to it while he was out on the road over three hundred nights a year.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

.Bookings for big bands tapered off during the 1940s due to changes in public tastes: ballrooms closed, and there was competition from television and from other types of music becoming more popular than big band music.^ Bibliographies NNDB has added thousands of bibliographies for people, organizations, schools, and general topics, listing more than 50,000 books and 120,000 other kinds of references.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ By definition, an art music speaks to a smaller potential audience than a popular music.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, blacks in New Orleans had more rights than their counterparts in any other city on the American continent, even those up north.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.It became impossible under such circumstances to support and finance a 16-piece touring band.^ Three years after the Times piece was published, he took a tour of the Louis Armstrong House in Queens and came away with the enthusiasm required of such an endeavor.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

The All Stars

.Following a highly successful small-group jazz concert at New York Town Hall on May 17, 1947, featuring Armstrong with trombonist/singer Jack Teagarden, Armstrong's manager Joe Glaser dissolved the Armstrong big band on August 13, 1947 and established a six-piece small group featuring Armstrong with (initially) Teagarden, Earl Hines and other top swing and dixieland musicians, most of them ex-big band leaders.^ Charter inductee of the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1978.
  • Louis Armstrong (I) 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Carnegie Hall Concert 1947 .

^ In 1971, after peforming for two weeks at the Empire Room at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, Armstrong passed away in his sleep at his home.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

The new group was announced at the opening of Billy Berg's Supper Club.
.This group was called Louis Armstrong and his All Stars and included at various times Earl "Fatha" Hines, Barney Bigard, Edmond Hall, Jack Teagarden, Trummy Young, Arvell Shaw, Billy Kyle, Marty Napoleon, Big Sid Catlett, Cozy Cole, Tyree Glenn, Barrett Deems and the Filipino-American percussionist, Danny Barcelona.^ Big Mama's Back in Town - Louis Armstrong, Armstrong 12.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ At the time of Louis's birth, the Armstrongs lived in a small, single-story dwelling at 723 Jane Alley--sometimes called Jane's Alley, or James Alley.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong The Complete Town Hall Concert 1995 RCA Records (USA)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.During this period, Armstrong made many recordings and appeared in over thirty films.^ Select Album Recordings on 78, LP and CD During his life, recordings were made in original 78 acetates and LP (Long-Play) vinyl sides.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ As a musician, I find post-Armstrong jazz to be profoundly rewarding, but it's not as accessible to the general public as the jazz being recorded and performed during Armstrong's time.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ This was the beginning of his acting career, with Armstrong appearing in his first film, Ex-Flame , in 1931.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

He was the first jazz musician to appear on the cover of Time Magazine on February 21, 1949.
Louis Armstrong in 1953
In 1964, he recorded his biggest-selling record, "Hello, Dolly!". The song went to #1 on the pop chart, making Armstrong (age 63) the oldest person to ever accomplish that feat. .In the process, Armstrong dislodged The Beatles from the #1 position they had occupied for 14 consecutive weeks with three different songs.^ I think of my Mencken book, my Balanchine book, and the Armstrong book I'm now in the process of writing, as different panels in a trilogy of American lives.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

[28]
.Armstrong kept up his busy tour schedule until a few years before his death in 1971. In his later years he would sometimes play some of his numerous gigs by rote, but other times would enliven the most mundane gig with his vigorous playing, often to the astonishment of his band.^ Louis Armstrong Bands, Personnel and Discography In almost 50 years of recordings, Armstrong played with hundreds of musicians.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ His association with Oliver was not yet over, though; in 1922 Armstrong moved to Chicago as well, playing second cornet in Oliver's band.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Some colored musicians played African music, and we would dance the Bamboula or the Conjaie until we had to go back to our quarters....
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

He also toured Africa, Europe, and Asia under sponsorship of the US State Department with great success, earning the nickname "Ambassador Satch." While failing health restricted his schedule in his last years, within those limitations he continued playing until the day he died.
Autograph of Armstrong on the muretto of Alassio

Personality

The nickname Satchmo or Satch is short for Satchelmouth (describing his embouchure). In 1932, then Melody Maker magazine editor Percy Brooks greeted Armstrong in London with "Hello, Satchmo!", and it stuck.
Early on he was also known as Dippermouth. .This is a reference to the propensity he had for refreshing himself with the "dipper" or ladle from a bucket of sugar water which was always present on stage with Joe Oliver's band in Chicago in the early nineteen-twenties.^ His association with Oliver was not yet over, though; in 1922 Armstrong moved to Chicago as well, playing second cornet in Oliver's band.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ The same year he also became the leader of the Kid Ory Band, the group that Oliver was fronting, upon Oliver's move to Chicago.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

The damage to his embouchure from his high pressure approach to playing is acutely visible in many pictures of Louis from the mid-twenties. It also led to his emphasizing his singing career because at certain periods he was unable to play. .However, after having set his trumpet aside for a while, he amended his playing style and continued his trumpet career.^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Friends and fellow musicians usually called him Pops, which is also how Armstrong usually addressed his friends and fellow musicians (except for Pops Foster, whom Armstrong always called "George").^ Always remember -- Louis Armstrong never bother about what the other fellow is playing, etc.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a book about Armstrong as a musician -- we're interested in him because he was a musician, and so that's the center of the book -- but he's also significant as a personality and an exemplary figure, which will also be a major theme of my book.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ A black musician coming up in the forties would naturally have been less comfortable with what you might call the "minstrel side" of Armstrong.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong's autograph from the 1960s
He was also criticized for accepting the title of "King of The Zulus" -- in the New Orleans African-American community, an honored role as head of leading black Carnival Krewe, but bewildering or offensive to outsiders with their traditional costume of grass-skirts and blackface makeup satirizing southern white attitudes—for Mardi Gras 1949.
Whatever the case, where some saw a gregarious and outgoing personality, others saw someone trying too hard to appeal to white audiences and essentially becoming a minstrel caricature. .Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the civil rights movement suggesting that he was an Uncle Tom.^ Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Sammy Davis Jr. Charles Mingus) and some jazz writers, criticized Armstrong's happy on-stage persona calling him an "Uncle Tom."
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ Dizzy Gillespie, for instance, said some extraordinarily uncharitable and foolish things about Armstrong in the forties, though he lived long enough to take them back, and to understand more completely what Armstrong's achievement had been.
  • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Bands, Personnel and Discography In almost 50 years of recordings, Armstrong played with hundreds of musicians.
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

Billie Holiday countered, however, "Of course Pops toms, but he toms from the heart."
Armstrong was a major financial supporter of Martin .Luther King Jr. and other civil rights activists.^ Say It Loud: Celebrate Black History Month + Martin Luther King Jr Day .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong mostly preferred to work quietly behind the scenes, not mixing his politics with his work as an entertainer. The few exceptions made it more effective when he did speak out. .Armstrong's criticism of President Eisenhower, calling him "two-faced" and "gutless" because of his inaction during the conflict over school desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957 made national news.^ Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Sammy Davis Jr. Charles Mingus) and some jazz writers, criticized Armstrong's happy on-stage persona calling him an "Uncle Tom."
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

^ "Louis Armstrong Blasts Little Rock, Arkansas."
  • AudioAstrology: The Future Is as Close as Your Ears. 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.audioastrology.com [Source type: General]

.As a protest, Armstrong canceled a planned tour of the Soviet Union on behalf of the State Department saying "The way they're treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell" and that he could not represent his government abroad when it was in conflict with its own people.^ In their neighborhood, he also noted, "a row of Negroes of all characters were living in rooms which they rented and fixed up the best way that they could.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[29] The FBI kept a file on Armstrong, for his outspokenness about integration.[30]
.When asked about his religion, Armstrong would answer that he was raised a Baptist, always wore a Star of David, and was friends with the Pope.^ After the Civil War, this was the poorest, shabbiest part of the city, and it was here that Armstrong's grandparents settled, and his parents lived, and where he would be born and raised.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis and His Friends: Louis Armstrong And His All Stars in Concert at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

[31] .Armstrong wore the Star of David in honor of the Karnofsky family, who took him in as a child and lent him the money to buy his first cornet.^ Josephine passed her days washing and ironing clothes for white folks, and it was Josephine who, through simple necessity, gave him his first lessons in the value of work.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Louis Armstrong was, in fact, baptized as a Catholic at the Sacred Heart of Jesus Church in New Orleans,[31] and he met popes Pius XII and Paul VI, though there is no evidence that he considered himself Catholic.^ New Orleans Stomp - (with Louis Armstrong) 18.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ So it was that Louis Armstrong, an illegitimate black child, was baptized into the Catholic Church.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Although baptized as a Catholic, Louis never thought of himself as a member of the Church.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong seems to have been tolerant towards various religions, but also found humor in them.
He was an extremely generous man, who was said to have given away as much money as he kept for himself. Armstrong was also greatly concerned with his health and bodily functions. He made frequent use of laxatives as a means of controlling his weight, a practice he advocated both to personal acquaintances and in the diet plans he published under the title Lose Weight the Satchmo Way. Armstrong's laxative of preference in his younger days was Pluto Water, but he then became an enthusiastic convert when he discovered the herbal remedy Swiss Kriss. He would extol its virtues to anyone who would listen and pass out packets to everyone he encountered, including members of the British Royal Family. .(Armstrong also appeared in humorous, albeit risqué, cards that he had printed to send out to friends; the cards bore a picture of him sitting on a toilet—as viewed through a keyhole—with the slogan "Satch says, 'Leave it all behind ya!'")[32] The cards have sometimes been incorrectly described as ads for Swiss Kriss.^ Louis Armstrong And His All-Stars Ambassador Satch .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Appears on: Gone Fishin' [with Louis Armstrong] / We All Have a Song in Our Heart [ Bing Crosby ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Appears on: Louis Armstrong and Friends [Jazz in Paris Collection - 51] [ Various Artists ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[33]
.In a live recording of Baby, It's Cold Outside with Velma Middleton, he changes the lyric from "Put another record on while I pour" to "Take some Swiss Kriss while I pour". The line, slightly garbled in the live recording, could just as likely be "Take some Swiss Miss while I pour"—Swiss Miss is a hot chocolate mix that would have been fairly new on the market in 1951. (The line comes at 1:04 in the song.^ Louis Armstrong Town & Country 2001 New Line Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Armstrong moved with Dickerson's orchestra to New York in 1929, and appeared the same year in the Broadway music Hot Chocolates .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ "My mother Mayann and my Uncle Ike Myles said slavery wasn't half as bad as some of the history books would like for you to believe."
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

)[34]
.The concern with his health and weight was balanced by his love of food, reflected in such songs as "Cheesecake", "Cornet Chop Suey",[35] though "Struttin’ with Some Barbecue" was written about a fine-looking companion, not about food.^ Cornet Chop Suey (in Eb) 21.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Cornet Chop Suey 16.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Intégrale Louis Armstrong 3: "Cornet Chop Suey" 1925-1926 .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[36] He kept a strong connection throughout his life to the cooking of New Orleans, always signing his letters, "Red beans and ricely yours,".[37]
.Although Armstrong is not known to have fathered any children, he loved children and would go out of his way to entertain the neighborhood kids in Corona and to encourage young musicians.^ Eventually Louis became so indignant over his father's lack of interest, let alone love, that he simply blanked the man out of his mind.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Some colored musicians played African music, and we would dance the Bamboula or the Conjaie until we had to go back to our quarters....
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong’s gregariousness extended to writing. On the road, he wrote constantly. Many of the favorite themes of his life he shared with correspondents around the world. He avidly typed or wrote on whatever stationery was at hand, instant takes on music, sex, food, childhood memories, his heavy “medicinal” marijuana use and even his bowel movements which were gleefully described.[38] He had a fondness for lewd jokes and dirty limericks as well.
Armstrong was an avid audiophile. He had a large collection of recordings, including reel-to-reel tapes which he took on the road with him in a trunk during his later career. He enjoyed listening to his own recordings, and comparing his performances musically. In the den of his home, he had the latest audio equipment and would sometimes rehearse and record along with his older recordings or the radio.[39]
.Louis Armstrong was also a Freemason, Montgomery Lodge No.^ Got No Blues - Louis Armstrong And His Hot Five 11.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong The Jubilee Shows No.
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ No One Else But You (by Louis Armstrong and His Savoy Ballroom Five) .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

.18 (Prince Hall), New York.^ Complete New York Town Hall & Boston Symphony Hall Concerts Release Date: 6/6/06 Label: Definitive .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ Complete New York Town Hall & Boston Symphony Hall Concerts .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[40]

Death

Armstrong died just after a heart attack on July 6, 1971, a month before his 70th birthday,[41] and 11 months after playing a famous show at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room. .[42] He was residing in Corona, Queens, New York City, at the time of his death.^ New York Today Copyright 1997 The New York Times Company .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ New York, New York: The City In Song (CD, Comp) .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[43] .He was interred in Flushing Cemetery, Flushing, in Queens, New York City.^ New York, New York: The City In Song (CD, Comp) .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.His honorary pallbearers included Governor Rockefeller, Mayor Lindsay, Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald, Guy Lombardo, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Harry James, Frank Sinatra, Ed Sullivan, Earl Wilson, Alan King, Johnny Carson, David Frost, Merv Griffin, Dick Cavett and Bobby Hackett.^ Billie Holiday, Earl Hines, Duke Ellington & His Orchestra, Henry 'Red' Allen, Benny Goodman Quartet The Golden Years Of Jazz Volume 1 .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Red Onion Jazz Babies , The Fletcher Henderson Orchestra , Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington , Louis Armstrong and Mills Brothers , Louis Armstrong & King Oliver , Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong , Billie Holiday and Louis Armstrong .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Ella Fitzgerald Clifford Brown Dizzy Gillespie Sidney Bechet Duke Ellington Jack Teagarden Nicholas Payton Bunk Johnson Bessie Smith Nat Adderley King Oliver Wynton Marsalis Roy Eldridge Fats Navarro Bunny Berigan Kid Ory Earl 'Fatha' Hines Cozy Cole .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]

.Peggy Lee sang The Lord's Prayer at the services while Al Hibbler sang "Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen" and Fred Robbins, a long time friend, gave the eulogy.^ Nobody Knows The Trouble I've Seen .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Nobody Knows The Trouble I've Seen (7") .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Nobody Knows De Trouble Ive Seen (Y) 3:09 .
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

[44]

Music

.Armstrong gained fame as a horn player, then later became better known as a bandleader, vocalist, musical ambassador and founding figure in much modern American music.^ Armstrong, affectionately known as "Satchmo", was among the most loved figures in American popular music; his prolific recording career, along with the timeless nature of his work, ensures that his legacy will continue.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

Horn playing and early jazz

.In his early years, Armstrong was best known for his virtuosity with the cornet and trumpet.^ Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong - The Early Years - Recorded Live 1938-1949 2006 Legacy International   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Let's Do It: Best Of The Verve Years Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ The Best of Louis Armstrong - The Early Years .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.The greatest trumpet playing of his early years can be heard on his Hot Five and Hot Seven records.^ Louis Armstrong - His 26 Finest Hot Fives & Hot Sevens 1925-1928 .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Complete Hot Five & Hot Seven Recordings 2001 Definitive   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Early Years: Recorded Live 1938-1949 (Collectables) Release Date: 11/7/03 Label: Collectables Records .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.The improvisations which he made on these records of New Orleans jazz standards and popular songs of the day continue to stack up brilliantly alongside those of any other later jazz performer.^ Note: TNY (Test - New York) 755 was a recording made especially for Bing Crosby and is believed to be from this session.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Memories of New Orleans Release Date: 12/22/05 Label: Saga Jazz .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans Jazz Release Date: 1/1/56 .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.The older generation of New Orleans jazz musicians often referred to their improvisations as "variating the melody"; Armstrong's improvisations were daring and sophisticated for the time while often subtle and melodic.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Memories of New Orleans Release Date: 12/22/05 Label: Saga Jazz .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans Jazz Release Date: 1/1/56 .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

He often essentially re-composed pop-tunes he played, making them more interesting. Armstrong's playing is filled with joyous, inspired original melodies, creative leaps, and subtle relaxed or driving rhythms. .The genius of these creative passages is matched by Armstrong's playing technique, honed by constant practice, which extended the range, tone and capabilities of the trumpet.^ Armstrong does not play trumpet on this side.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

.In these records, Armstrong almost single-handedly created the role of the jazz soloist, taking what was essentially a collective folk music and turning it into an art form with tremendous possibilities for individual expression.^ Louis Armstrong Jazz Collection: Essential Jazz Ballads 2001 Laserlight ((not USA))   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Priceless Jazz Collection: Irving Berlin Songbook 1999 GRP Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong The Essential Recordings, 1925-1940 Cd 1 2006 Charly Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong's work in the 1920s shows him playing at the outer limits of his abilities. .The Hot Five records, especially, often have minor flubs and missed notes, which do little to detract from listening enjoyment since the energy of the spontaneous performance comes through.^ Note: TNY (Test - New York) 755 was a recording made especially for Bing Crosby and is believed to be from this session.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Louis Armstrong Complete Hot Five & Hot Seven Recordings 2001 Definitive   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ View lyrics by albums: Lyrics: 11 of 13 Lyrics: 6 of 8 Lyrics: 5 of 7 Lyrics: 4 of 7 Lyrics: 4 of 10 Lyrics: 6 of 14 Lyrics: 2 of 3 Lyrics: 2 of 5 Lyrics: 3 of 8 Lyrics: 1 of 2 Lyrics: 1 of 3 Lyrics: 1 of 2 Lyrics: 2 of 11 Lyrics: 2 of 11 Lyrics: 1 of 2 Lyrics: 1 of 2 Lyrics: 1 of 2 The Complete Hot Five and Hot Seven Recordings, Vol.

By the mid 1930s, Armstrong achieved a smooth assurance, knowing exactly what he could do and carrying out his ideas to perfection.

Vocal popularity

As his music progressed and popularity grew, his singing also became very important. .Armstrong was not the first to record scat singing, but he was masterful at it and helped popularize it.^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong The Old Music Master 2001 Memoir Records Ltd.
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

He had a hit with his playing and scat singing on "Heebie Jeebies" when, according to some legends, the sheet music fell on the floor and he simply started singing nonsense syllables. Armstrong stated in his memoirs that this actually occurred. He also sang out "I done forgot the words" in the middle of recording "I'm A Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas".
.Such records were hits and scat singing became a major part of his performances.^ The show was a great success and Armstrong stole the show with his singing of Ain't Misbehavin' which became his biggest selling record to date.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

.Long before this, however, Armstrong was playing around with his vocals, shortening and lengthening phrases, interjecting improvisations, using his voice as creatively as his trumpet.^ Armstrong does not play trumpet on this side.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I Wonder Who Vocal refrain and trumpet solo by Louis Armstrong (Sid Barbarin) .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

Colleagues and followers

.During his long career he played and sang with some of the most important instrumentalists and vocalists of the time; among them were the singing brakeman Jimmie Rodgers, Bing Crosby, Duke Ellington, Fletcher Henderson, Bessie Smith and most notably with Ella Fitzgerald.^ Louis Armstrong And Duke Ellington - Together For The First Time (1961, Roulette) .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Great Jazz Vocalists Sing Strayhorn & Ellington .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

^ Sings & Plays with Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday & More .
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

.His influence upon Bing Crosby is particularly important with regard to the subsequent development of popular music: Crosby admired and copied Armstrong, as is evident on many of his early recordings, notably "Just One More Chance" (1931).^ Armstrong, affectionately known as "Satchmo", was among the most loved figures in American popular music; his prolific recording career, along with the timeless nature of his work, ensures that his legacy will continue.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Note: TNY (Test - New York) 755 was a recording made especially for Bing Crosby and is believed to be from this session.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For example, its been determined that on im in the mood for love the overall bass signal is reduced and Armstrongs vocal and trumpet are more pronounced from one take to another.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

The New Grove Dictionary Of Jazz describes Crosby's debt to Armstrong in precise detail, although it does not acknowledge Armstrong by name: "Crosby...was important in introducing into the mainstream of popular singing an Afro-American concept of song as a lyrical extension of speech...His techniques - easing the weight of the breath on the vocal cords, passing into a head voice at a low register, using forward production to aid distinct enunciation, singing on consonants (a practice of black singers), and making discreet use of appoggiaturas, mordents, and slurs to emphasize the text - were emulated by nearly all later popular singers".
.Armstrong recorded three albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis, Ella and Louis Again, and Porgy and Bess for Verve Records, with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummer Buddy Rich.^ Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong (Madacy) 1999 Madacy Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong (Madacy) 2004 Madacy Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong 2001 Verve Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.His recordings Satch Plays Fats, all Fats Waller tunes, and Louis Armstrong Plays W.C. Handy in the 1950s were perhaps among the last of his great creative recordings, but even oddities like Disney Songs the Satchmo Way are seen to have their musical moments.^ Louis Armstrong Satch Plays Fats 2000 Legacy Recordings   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong & his all stars .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis 'Satchmo' Armstrong and his friends .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.And, his participation in Dave Brubeck's high-concept jazz musical The Real Ambassadors was critically acclaimed.^ A jazz stage musical written by Dave Brubeck.
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Dave Brubeck 100 ans de jazz .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com real.com RealPlayer Music Video Live News Games   Home ?
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

For the most part, however, his later output was criticized as being overly simplistic or repetitive.

Hits and later career

.Armstrong had many hit records including "Stardust", "What a Wonderful World", "When The Saints Go Marching In", "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Ain't Misbehavin'", "You Rascal You",and "Stompin' at the Savoy". "We Have All the Time in the World" featured on the soundtrack of the James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service, and enjoyed renewed popularity in the UK in 1994 when it featured on a Guinness advert.^ Louis Armstrong What A Wonderful World (Jazz World) 1996 Jazz World (USA)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ When The Saints Go Marching In .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong When The Saints Go Marching In 1996 Laserlight ((not USA))   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.It reached number 3 in the charts on being re-released.^ He recorded his last hit, "What a Wonderful World" in 1968 that was used in the 1988 film Good Morning, Vietnam, and reached number 11 on the charts.

In 1964, Armstrong knocked the Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly!", which gave the 63-year-old performer a U.S. record as the oldest artist to have a #1 song.
His 1964 song, "Bout Time" later featured in the film "Bewitched" (2005).
.Armstrong performed in Italy at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival where he sang "Mi Va di Cantare"[45] alongside his friend, the Eritrean-born Italian singer Lara Saint Paul.^ Mi Va Di Cantare (1968, CDI) .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong: Greatest Performances of the 30's, 40's, 50's and 60's Release Date: 5/20/08 Label: Time/Life Music .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis 'Satchmo' Armstrong - I Hope Gabriel Likes My Music .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

[46] .In February 1968, he also appeared with Lara Saint Paul on the Italian Rai television channel where he performed "Grassa e Bella", a track he sang in Italian for the Italian market and C.D.I. label.^ The first commercial release of this appeared on the Italian LP label Family SFR-DP 655.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

[47]
.In 1968, Armstrong scored one last popular hit in the United Kingdom with the highly sentimental pop song "What a Wonderful World", which topped the British charts for a month; however, the single did not chart at all in America.^ Wonderful World of Louis Armstrong Release Date: 11/7/06 Label: Time/Life Music .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong What A Wonderful World (Jazz World) 1996 Jazz World (USA)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ What A Wonderful World (CD, Single, Mini) .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.The song gained greater currency in the popular consciousness when it was used in the 1987 movie Good Morning, Vietnam, its subsequent rerelease topping many charts around the world.^ "What a Wonderful World" became a hit in the UK in 1968 (and was featured prominently in the 1987 movie Good Morning Vietnam , leading to it becoming a major hit in the U.S. as well almost two decades later).
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Appears on: Good Morning, Vietnam [ Various Artists ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Good Morning Vietnam 1987 A&M Records (USA)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong even appeared on the October 28, 1970 Johnny Cash Show, where he sang Nat "King" Cole's hit "Rambling Rose" and joined Cash to re-create his performance backing Jimmie Rodgers on "Blue Yodel #9".

Stylistic range

.Armstrong enjoyed many types of music, from blues to the arrangements of Guy Lombardo, to Latin American folksongs, to classical symphonies and opera.^ Louis Armstrong Basin Street Blues 1999 1201 Music   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Basin Street Blues 1999 1201 Music   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong incorporated influences from all these sources into his performances, sometimes to the bewilderment of fans who wanted Armstrong to stay in convenient narrow categories.^ Armstrong incorporated influences from all these sources into his performances, sometimes to the bewilderment of fans who wanted Armstrong to stay in convenient narrow categories.

^ Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter of very limited skills who is best remembered for his churlish attitude, perpetual scowl, and his irritating habit of forcing himself into situations where he was not wanted.
  • Louis Armstrong - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an innovative cornet and trumpet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence on jazz, shifting the music's focus from collective improvisation to solo performers.
  • Louis Armstrong - (91 Lyrics + 1 Albums) 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.lyricsfreak.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong // Current 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Armstrong was inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as an early influence. Some of his solos from the 1950s, such as the hard rocking version of "St. Louis Blues" from the WC Handy album, show that the influence went in both directions.

Literature, radio, films and TV

Armstrong appeared in more than a dozen Hollywood films, usually playing a band leader or musician. .His most familiar role was as the bandleader cum narrator in the 1956 musical, High Society, in which he sang the title song and performed a duet with Bing Crosby on "Now You Has Jazz". In 1947, he played himself in the movie New Orleans opposite Billie Holiday, which chronicled the demise of the Storyville district and the ensuing exodus of musicians from New Orleans to Chicago.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Our upscale luxury hotel is nestled in the heart of New Orleans newly revitalized Arts and Warehouse District, just 8 blocks from the French Quarter, 2 blocks from ...
  • Hotels Near Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC hotel.uscity.net [Source type: News]

^ Note: TNY (Test - New York) 755 was a recording made especially for Bing Crosby and is believed to be from this session.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

[48] He was the first African American to host a nationally broadcast radio show in the 1930s. In 1969, Armstrong had a cameo role in the film version of Hello, Dolly! as the bandleader, Louis, to which he sang the title song with actress Barbra Streisand. His solo recording of "Hello, Dolly!" is one of his most recognizable performances.
.He was heard on such radio programs as The Story of Swing (1937) and This Is Jazz (1947), and he also made countless television appearances, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, including appearances on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.^ Jacques Morgantini Radio Jazz - The best broadcasts 1937-1953 .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]

.Armstrong has a record star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 7601 Hollywood Boulevard.^ Louis Armstrong Complete 1950-1951 All Stars Decca Recordings 2002 Definitive   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Complete 1950-1951 All Stars Decca Recordings 2002 Definitive   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong From The Big Band To The All Stars (1946-1956) 1995 RCA Records (USA)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

Many of Armstrong's recordings remain popular. .Almost four decades since his passing, a larger number of his recordings from all periods of his career are more widely available than at any time during his lifetime.^ Louis Armstrong Jazz Genius: 24 All Time Masterpieces 1999 Hallmark Recordings - (import)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ At the same time Armstrong also cut a number of records with blues artists.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ All-Time Greatest Hits Release Date: 5/10/94 Label: MCA Records .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

.His songs are broadcast and listened to every day throughout the world, and are honored in various movies, TV series, commercials, and even anime and computer games.^ Appears on: What A Wonderful World / Game Of Love [ Various Artists ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Appears on: Singin' in the Rain: Original Songs From Turner Classic Movies [ Various Artists ] .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Various Artists Perfect Movie Songs .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

."A Kiss to Build a Dream On" was included in the computer game Fallout 2, accompanying the intro cinematic.^ Give Me A Kiss To Build A Dream On 141.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong A Kiss To Build A Dream On 1999 Delta Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Give Me A Kiss To Build A Dream On 13.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

It was also used in the 1993 film Sleepless in Seattle and the 2005 film Lord of War. .His 1923 recordings, with Joe Oliver and his Creole Jazz Band, continue to be listened to as documents of ensemble style New Orleans jazz, but more particularly as ripper jazz records in their own right.^ He started out in the "hot" bands of 1920s New Orleans, and was one of the first to introduce solo improvisation into the jazz idiom.
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Armstrong had known Carmichael back in the King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band days in Chicago through Bix Beiderbecke and they teamed up on Hoagy's Rockin' Chair .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

.All too often, however, Armstrong recorded with stiff, standard orchestras leaving only his sublime trumpet playing as of interest.^ Armstrong does not play trumpet on this side.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ His unique gravelly voice is as instantly recognisable as his trumpet playing, and he's often credited with inventing scat singing style.
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

."Melancholy Blues," performed by Armstrong and his Hot Seven was included on the Voyager Golden Record sent into outer space to represent one of the greatest achievements of humanity.^ Louis Armstrong Volume 5: America's Blue Yodeler 1930-1931 1991 Rounder Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Complete Hot Five & Hot Seven Recordings 2001 Definitive   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Volume 5: America's Blue Yodeler 1930-1931 1991 Rounder Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

Most familiar to modern listeners is his ubiquitous rendition of "What a Wonderful World." In 2008, Armstrong's recording of Edith Piaf's famous "La Vie En Rose" was used in a scene of the popular Disney/Pixar film WALL-E.
.Argentine writer Julio Cortázar, a self-described Armstrong admirer, asserted that a 1952 Louis Armstrong concert at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris played a significant role in inspiring him to create the fictional creatures called Cronopios that are the subject of a number of Cortázar's short stories.^ Louis Armstrong Carnegie Hall Concert 1947 1998 Ambassador   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong 1951-1952 2003 Classics Jazz (France)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

.Cortázar once called Louis Armstrong himself "Grandísimo Cronopio" (Most Enormous Cronopio).^ Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong 16 Most Requested Songs 1994 Legacy Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong: 16 Most Requested Songs .
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

Armstrong also appears as a minor character in Harry Turtledove's Timeline-191 series. When he and his band escape from a Nazi-like Confederacy, they enhance the insipid mainstream music of the North.
.There is a pivotal scene in 1980's Stardust Memories in which Woody Allen is overwhelmed by a recording of Armstrong's Stardust and experiences a nostalgic epiphany.^ Louis Armstrong Stardust Memories 1991 Bella Musica   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Platinum Classics 2006 Stardust Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong 100th Anniversary Anthology 2006 Stardust Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

[49] The combination of the music and the perfect moment is the catalyst for much of the film's action, prompting the protagonist to fall in love with an ill-advised woman.[50]
.Louis Armstrong is also referred to in The Trumpet of the Swan along with Ella Fitzgerald and Billie Holiday.^ Louis Armstrong (The Trumpet Of Jazz CD2) .
  • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

^ I Wonder Who Vocal refrain and trumpet solo by Louis Armstrong (Sid Barbarin) .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong MUSIC See also the entries for Louis Armstrong and His All-Stars , Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra , Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five , Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven and Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald .
  • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

Three siblings in the film are named Louis, Billie, and Ella. .The main character, Louis, plays a trumpet, an obvious nod to Armstrong.^ Armstrong does not play trumpet on this side.
  • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Sings, Armstrong Plays 1935-1942 1998 Jasmine Records (UK)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ I Wonder Who Vocal refrain and trumpet solo by Louis Armstrong (Sid Barbarin) .
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

In the original EB White book, he is referred to by name by a child who hears Louis playing and comments "He sounds just like Louis Armstrong, the famous trumpet player".

Awards and honors

Grammy Awards

.Armstrong was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972 by the Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.^ Louis Armstrong You Rascal, You Pro-Arte Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong You Rascal, You Pro-Arte Records   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

This Special Merit Award is presented by vote of the Recording Academy's National Trustees to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording.[51]
Grammy Award
Year Category Title Genre Label Result
1964 Male Vocal Performance "Hello, Dolly!" Pop Kapp Winner

Grammy Hall of Fame

Recordings of Armstrong were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old, and that have "qualitative or historical significance."[52][53]
Grammy Hall of Fame
Year Recorded Title Genre Label Year Inducted Notes
1929 St. Louis Blues Jazz (Single) OKeh 2008
1928 Weather Bird Jazz (Single) OKeh 2008 with Earl Hines
1930 Blue Yodel #9
(Standing on the Corner)
Country (Single) Victor 2007 Jimmie Rodgers (Featuring Louis Armstrong)
1932 All of Me Jazz (Single) Columbia 2005
1958 Porgy and Bess Jazz (Album) Verve 2001 with Ella Fitzgerald
1964 Hello Dolly! Pop (Single) Kapp 2001
1926 Heebie Jeebies Jazz (Single) OKeh 1999
1968 What a Wonderful World Jazz (Single) ABC 1999
1955 Mack the Knife Jazz (Single) Columbia 1997
1925 St. Louis Blues Jazz (Single) Columbia 1993 Bessie Smith with Louis Armstrong, cornet
1928 West End Blues Jazz (Single) OKeh 1974

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

.The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame listed a song by Armstrong on the list of 500 songs that shaped Rock and Roll.^ Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com .
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ The Rock'N'Roll Hall Of Fame by stassen edit YouTube Videos .
  • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List .
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

[54]
Year Recorded Title Label Group
1928 West End Blues Okeh Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five

Inductions and honors

.In 1995, the U.S. Post Office issued a Louis Armstrong 32 cents commemorative postage stamp.^ Louis Armstrong West End Blues 1926-1933 (Indigo) 1995 Indigo (UK)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Volume 5: 1925 1995 Media Motion Limited (import - UK)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Paris Session 1934/New York Session 1938 1995 Musidisc (import)   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

Year Inducted Title Results Notes
2007 Louisiana Music Hall of Fame
2007 Gennett Records Walk of Fame, Richmond, Indiana
2007 Long Island Music Hall of Fame
2004 Nesuhi Ertegün Jazz Hall of Fame
at Jazz at Lincoln Center
1990 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Early influence
1978 Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame
1952 Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame Star at 7601 Hollywood Blvd.

Legacy

.The house where Louis Armstrong lived for close to 28 years was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and is now a museum.^ Louis Armstrong Finest Vintage Jazz (1917-1941) 1993 Living Era   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Finest Vintage Jazz (1917-1941) 1993 Living Era   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Stompin at the Savoy (Live) 2005 HHO Licensing   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.The Louis Armstrong House Museum, at 34-56 107th Street (between 34th and 37th Avenues) in Corona, Queens, presents concerts and educational programs, operates as a historic house museum and makes materials in its archives of writings, books, recordings and memorabilia available to the public for research.^ Louis Armstrong Carnegie Hall Concert 1947 1998 Ambassador   Albumdetails .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Basin Street Blues 1992 Black Label (Jazz & Gospel) (Usa)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong (Madacy) 1999 Madacy Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

.The museum is operated by the City University of New York's Queens College, following the dictates of Lucille Armstrong's will.^ In 1928 Armstrong began fronting Carroll Dickerson's Orchestra and traveled east from Chicago to New York.
  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.redhotjazz.com [Source type: News]

^ Louis Armstrong Paris Session 1934/New York Session 1938 1995 Musidisc (import)   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Volume V: Louis In New York 1990 Legacy Records   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

The museum opened to the public on October 15, 2003. A visitors center is currently being planned, and estimated to open in 2011.
The influence of Armstrong on the development of jazz is virtually immeasurable. Yet, his irrepressible personality both as a performer, and as a public figure later in his career, was so strong that to some it sometimes overshadowed his contributions as a musician and singer.
As a virtuoso trumpet player, Armstrong had a unique tone and an extraordinary talent for melodic improvisation. Through his playing, the trumpet emerged as a solo instrument in jazz and is used widely today. He was a masterful accompanist and ensemble player in addition to his extraordinary skills as a soloist. With his innovations, he raised the bar musically for all who came after him.
Though Armstrong is widely recognized as a pioneer of scat singing, Ethel Waters precedes his scatting on record in the 1930s according to Gary Giddins and others.[55] Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra are just two singers who were greatly indebted to him. .Holiday said that she always wanted Bessie Smith's 'big' sound and Armstrong's feeling in her singing.^ I Want a Big Butter & Egg Man - Louis Armstrong, Armstrong, L. 4.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

.On August 4, 2001, the centennial of Armstrong's birth, New Orleans's airport was renamed Louis Armstrong International Airport in his honor.^ Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans in 1901.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans Stomp - (with Louis Armstrong) 18.
  • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

^ Biography [ show full bio ] Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans in 1901.
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.In 2002, the Louis Armstrong's Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings (1925–1928) are preserved in the United States National Recording Registry, a registry of recordings selected yearly by the National Recording Preservation Board for preservation in the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress.^ Louis Armstrong - His 26 Finest Hot Fives & Hot Sevens 1925-1928 .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong Complete Hot Five & Hot Seven Recordings 2001 Definitive   Album details .
  • Louis Armstrong - Classic Swing - Swing - Jazz - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]

^ The Legendary's Hot Five 1925-1926 .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

[56]
.The US Open tennis tournament's former main stadium was named Louis Armstrong Stadium in honor of Armstrong who had lived a few blocks from the site.^ It is in 1928, under the name Louis Armstrong and His Stompers, that he records the classic "West End Blues".
  • Films and Music by Louis Armstrong - Rate Your Music 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong's Greatest Hits Live .
  • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis Armstrong's Greatest Hits Live Release Date: 1/1/95 Label: Brunswick .
  • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

[57]
Today, there are many bands worldwide dedicated to preserving and honoring the music and style of Satchmo, including the Louis Armstrong Society located in New Orleans, LA.

Discography

Notes

  1. ^ He preferred that his name be pronounced Louie. "It's like Louis Armstrong - he spelled his name Louis, but he liked it to be said as Louie", recalls Louie Bellson [1]. Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. On various live records he's called "Louie" on stage, such as on the 1952 "Can Anyone Explain?" from the live album In Scandinavia vol.1. It should also be noted that "Lewie" is the French pronunciation of "Louis" and is commonly used in Louisiana. However, when referring to himself in "Hello Dolly!", he pronounces his name as "Lewis" ("Hello, Dolly. This is Lewis, Dolly"), pronouncing the 's'.
  2. ^ Armstrong said he was not sure exactly when he was born, but celebrated his birthday on July 4. He usually gave the year as 1900 when speaking in public (although he used 1901 on his Social Security and other papers filed with the government). Using Roman Catholic Church documents from when his grandmother took him to be baptized, New Orleans music researcher Tad Jones established Armstrong’s actual date of birth as August 4, 1901. With various other collaborative evidence, this date is now accepted by Armstrong scholars. See also age fabrication.
  3. ^ For "satchel-mouth".
  4. ^ The TIME 100. Louis Armstrong. TIME, Stanley Crouch, June 8, 1998. "For many years it was thought that Armstrong was born in New Orleans on July 4, 1900, a perfect day for the man who wrote the musical Declaration of Independence for Americans of this century. But the estimable writer Gary Giddins discovered the birth certificate that proves Armstrong was born Aug. 4, 1901.." Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  5. ^ When is Louis Armstrong's birthday? The Official Site of the Louis Armstrong House & Archives.
  6. ^ Current Biography 1944, pp. 15–17.
  7. ^ Bergreen, Laurence (1997). Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life. New York: Broadway Books. p. 6. ISBN 0-553-06768-0. 
  8. ^ Karnow, Stanley (February 21, 2001). "My Debt to Cousin Louis's Cornet". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9C02E1D91639F932A15751C0A9679C8B63. Retrieved January 10, 2007. 
  9. ^ Teachout, Terry. "Satchmo and the Jews" Commentary magazine, Nov. 2009.
  10. ^ "The Karnofsky Project".
  11. ^ Current Biography 1944 p. 16.
  12. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 78.
  13. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 142.
  14. ^ "Satchuated" Gary Giddins, Village Voice April 16–22, 2003. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
  15. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 170.
  16. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 199.
  17. ^ www.britannica.com
  18. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 247.
  19. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 260.
  20. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 274.
  21. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 264.
  22. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 267.
  23. ^ "Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra". Redhotjazz.com. http://www.redhotjazz.com/lao.html. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  24. ^ Morgenstern, Dan. “Louis Armstrong and the development & diffusion of Jazz”, Louis Armstrong a Cultural Legacy, Marc H Miller e.d., Queens Museum of Art in association with University of Washington Press, 1994 pg110
  25. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 320.
  26. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 344.
  27. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 385.
  28. ^ Hale, James (editor of Jazzhouse.org), Danny Barcelona (1929–2007), Drums, Armstrong All-Star, The Last Post, 2007, retrieved July 4, 2007.
  29. ^ "Louis Armstrong, Barring Soviet Tour, Denounces Eisenhower and Gov. Faubus". New York Times. September 19, 1957. http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/08/03/reviews/armstrong-eisenhower.html. Retrieved August 30, 2007.  See also, from September 23, 2007, *David Margolick, The Day Louis Armstrong Made Noise.
  30. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 472.
  31. ^ a b Gabbard, Krin (2001). Album notes for Louis and The Good Book by Louis Armstrong, p. 1 [CD booklet]. New York City: Verve Records.
  32. ^ Gilstrap, Peter (February 29, 1996). "Leave It All Behind Ya". Phoenix New Times. http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/1996-02-29/news/leave-it-all-behind-ya/. Retrieved August 11, 2007. 
  33. ^ Teachout, Terry (2009) Pops: A Life of Louis Armstrong pp. 293–294.
  34. ^ Louis Armstrong, "Christmas Through the Years", Laserlight 12744
  35. ^ Satchmo.net. 'Red Beans and Ricely yours, Louis Armstrong.'
  36. ^ Jive Dictionary, by Cab Calloway: "Barbecue (n.) -- the girl friend, a beauty". Retrieved February 10, 2009.
  37. ^ Elie p. 327.
  38. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 4.
  39. ^ Michael Cogswell, Louis Armstrong: The Offstage Story of Satchmo (Collector's Press, Portland, Oregon, 2003) ISBN 1-88805481-6 pp. 66–68.
  40. ^ "List of famous freemasons". http://www.calodges.org/no406/FAMASONS.HTM. Retrieved April 25, 2009. 
  41. ^ Meckna, Michael; Satchmo, The Louis Armstrong Encyclopedia, Greenwood Press, Connecticut & London, 2004.
  42. ^ Bergreen, 1997, p. 491.
  43. ^ Krebs, Albin. "Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies", The New York Times, July 7, 1971. Accessed October 1, 2009. "Louis Armstrong, the celebrated jazz trumpeter and singer, died in his sleep yesterday morning at his home in the Corona section of Queens."
  44. ^ "Louis Armstrong Dies: 1971 Year in Review". Upi.com. December 28, 1971. http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1971/12295509436546-1/#title. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  45. ^ "Hit Parade Italia" Hit Parade Italia - Festival di Sanremo 1968.
  46. ^ "Mi va di cantare" Lara Saint Paul - lavocedelledonne.it.
  47. ^ Louis Armstrong: "Grassa e bella" Louis Armstrong Discography.
  48. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0039655/
  49. ^ "Stardust Memories :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. January 1, 1980. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19800101/REVIEWS/1010330/1023. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  50. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0081554/
  51. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". Grammy.com. February 8, 2009. http://www.grammy.com/Recording_Academy/Awards/Lifetime_Awards/. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  52. ^ "Grammy Hall of Fame Database". Grammy.com. February 8, 2009. http://www.grammy.com/Recording_Academy/Awards/Hall_Of_Fame/. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  53. ^ "The Recording Academy" (PDF). http://www.grammy.com/PressReleases/443_466_Hall%20of%20Fame%20release%20FINAL.pdf. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  54. ^ "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll". Rockhall.com. http://www.rockhall.com/exhibithighlights/500-songs/. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  55. ^ See Ken Burns' Jazz CD Set liner notes.
  56. ^ "Library of Congress archive". Loc.gov. February 18, 2009. http://www.loc.gov/rr/record/nrpb/nrpb-2002reg.html. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  57. ^ "Ashe & Armstrong Stadiums". Usta.com. http://www.usta.com/nationaltenniscenternews/fullstory.sps?iNewsid=14185. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 

References

  • Armstrong, Louis. Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans. .ISBN 0-306-80276-7
  • Armstrong, Louis and Thomas Brothers.^ (JJ) LOUIS ARMSTRONG AND MILLS BROTHERS: Same as (II).
    • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ (X) LOUIS ARMSTRONG AND MILLS BROTHERS: Same as (W).
    • Mosaic Records The Complete Louis Armstrong Decca Sessions (1935-46) #243 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mosaicrecords.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Louis Armstrong and the Mills Brothers Release Date: 1/1/54 .
    • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

    Armstrong, in His Own Words: Selected Writings. ISBN 019514046X
  • Bergreen, Laurence. ."Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life". ISBN 0-553-06768-0
  • Brothers, Thomas "Louis Armstrong's New Orleans" ISBN 0393061094
  • Cogswell, Michael.^ Where The Blues Were Born In New Orleans - Louis Armstrong And His Dixieland Seven 22.
    • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I'm A Ding Dong Daddy (From Dumas) (by Louis Armstrong and His Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra) .
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Carry Me Back To Old Virginny - Louis Armstrong And The Mills Brothers 17.
    • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

    Armstrong: The Offstage Story. ISBN 1-888054-81-6
  • Elie, Lolis Eric. .A Letter from New Orleans. Originally printed in Gourmet.^ New Orleans - Original Recordings (CD, Comp) .
    • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    Reprinted in Best Food Writing 2006, Edited by Holly Hughes, ISBN 1-56924-287-9
  • Jones Max and John Chilton. .Louis Armstrong Story.^ The Louis Armstrong Story Vol.
    • Louis Armstrong Discography at Discogs 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Louis Armstrong Story, Vol.
    • Louis Armstrong | Album Discography and Track Listings | MTV 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.mtv.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0306803240
  • Meckna, Michael. .Satchmo: The Louis Armstrong Encyclopedia.^ The Best of Satchmo: Louis Armstrong's -greatest Hits Vol.
    • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Various Artists The Best of Satchmo (Louis Armstrong's Greatest Hits Vol.
    • Louis Armstrong MP3 Downloads - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.7digital.com [Source type: General]
    • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC us.7digital.com [Source type: General]
    • Louis Armstrong MP3 downloads music and videos at - 7digital 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC ie.7digital.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Louis 'Satchmo' Armstrong - Wild Man Blues .
    • Louis Armstrong : Discography : Rolling Stone 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0-313-30137-9

External links

Video clips


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Love baby, love. That's the secret, yeah. .If lots more of us loved each other, we'd solve lots more problems.^ If lots more of us loved each other, we'd solve lots more problems.
  • Louis Armstrong - Jazz at Randy's Rodeo 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.randysrodeo.com [Source type: General]

^ Armstrong’s world status caused him some problems with other black Americans, many of whom believed he should have done more for his fellow blacks.
  • Louis Armstrong Biography : OLDIES.com 22 September 2009 22:46 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

And then this world would be better. That's wha' ol' Pops keeps saying.
.Louis Armstrong (4 August 19016 July 1971) was an American Jazz musician.^ Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer.
  • Louis Armstrong - News, photos, topics, and quotes 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.daylife.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Louis: The Louis Armstrong Story, 1900-1971 .
  • The Celestial Monochord: Louis Armstrong in Minnesota, 1939 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.celestialmonochord.org [Source type: General]

^ Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 1 – July 6, 1971) (also known by the nickname Satchmo ) was an African American jazz musician.

Contents

Sourced

.
  • The Brick House was one of the toughest joints I ever played in ...^ We used to play in these houses, and one of the games we played was War," he said.
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    .Guys would drink and fight one another like circle saws.^ His eyes filling with tears, he would reluctantly approach the tree and search its branches for the one likely to do the least damage, and when he returned to her with it, his grandmother would burst out laughing.
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It's another one where he doesn't look like the gleeful jazzman.
    • JazzWax: PhotoStory5: Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzwax.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "I was young," he said, "but I saw the odds were against me; if I started a fight I knew I would be licked."
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    .Bottles would come flying over the bandstand like crazy and there was lots of plain common shooting and cutting.^ Is there anyone you would like to see added to this list for the American Masters series?
    • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Manx Anti Cancer Association)) Ooh, I'm on FaceBook and Twitter too if you'd like to come and say 'hi' there....here are some links...
    • Louis Armstrong on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    But somehow all that jive didn't faze me at all. .I was so happy to have some place to blow my horn.^ They would beat me on the mouth if I marched, and without my mouth I wouldn't be able to blow my horn."
    • Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The photo of Mr. Armstrong, blowing that horn, cheeks puffed out to the max, face dripping perspiration is my favorite.
    • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans (1954)
  • Some of you young folks been saying to me, "Hey Pops, what you mean 'What a wonderful world'? How about all them wars all over the place?^ Convenient to all New Orleans attractions.
    • Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) - New Orleans Louisiana LA hotels 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC seelouisiana.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The power of recommendation is all about you.
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Satchmo was born to a poor family in New Orleans, Louisiana, and he began playing professionally at a very young age.
    • Louis Armstrong - Jazz at Randy's Rodeo 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.randysrodeo.com [Source type: General]

    You call them wonderful? And how about hunger and pollution? That aint so wonderful either." Well how about listening to old Pops for a minute. Seems to me, it aint the world that's so bad but what we're doin' to it. .And all I'm saying is, see, what a wonderful world it would be if only we'd give it a chance.^ See More Info What a Wonderful World [RCA] by Louis Armstrong (Cassette - 05/03/1988) .
    • What wonderful world louis armstrong Jazz Instrumental Music - Browse Music at bizrate for the holidays 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Among mainstream audiences he is most famous for hit songs such as "What a Wonderful World", "Hello Dolly" and "We Have All the Time in the World".
    • Amazon.com: Louis Armstrong: Albums, Songs, Bios, Photos 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ See More Info What a Wonderful World by Louis Armstrong (Cassette - 02/27/1996) .
    • What wonderful world louis armstrong Jazz Instrumental Music - Browse Music at bizrate for the holidays 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

    Love baby, love. That's the secret, yeah. .If lots more of us loved each other, we'd solve lots more problems.^ If lots more of us loved each other, we'd solve lots more problems.
    • Louis Armstrong - Jazz at Randy's Rodeo 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.randysrodeo.com [Source type: General]

    And then this world would be better. .That's wha' ol' Pops keeps saying.
    • Spoken intro to "What a Wonderful World" (1970 version)
  • The way they're treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell.^ Let My People Go lyrics .
    • Louis Armstrong lyrics 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.lyricsmode.com [Source type: General]

    ^ When I taugh aerobics I often ended my classes with 'What a Wonderful World.'
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In 1968, Armstrong had one last popular hit with the highly sentimental pop song "What A Wonderful World".

    • New York Times, September 19, 1957 [1]

Unsourced

.
  • At first it was just a misdemeanor, but then you lost the "mis-de" and you just got meaner and meaner..^ My first album comes out very soon so if you'd like to be kept up to date with that then please subscribe to my blog.
    • Louis Armstrong on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ My life has been my music; it's always come first, but the music ain't worth nothing if you can't lay it on the public.
    • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

    ^ My life has always been my music, it's always come first, but the music ain't worth nothing if you can't lay it on the public.

    .
    • A reference to the anti-marijuana laws of the 1930s
  • All music is folk music.^ All music is folk music.
    • Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    .I ain't never heard a horse sing a song.^ I ain't never heard no horse sing a song."
    • Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I ain't never heard a horse sing a song.
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Download sample of Armstrong singing "Ain't Misbehavin'", a song from the 1929 Broadway revue Hot Chocolate (136 Kb, 20 seconds).

    .
    • In a 1956 concert recording, Big Bill Broonzy used this line by way of explaining why he was about to sing "The Glory of Love" in a venue he was sharing with Pete Seeger.
  • If you gotta ask, you'll never know.
    • Armstrong's reported response to the question "What is jazz?"^ You'll Never Walk Alone 9.
      • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

      ^ If you have to ask what jazz is, you'll never know.
      • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

      ^ You'll Never Walk Alone .
      • Louis Armstrong ~ Songs List : OLDIES.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.oldies.com [Source type: General]

      (Exact wording varies.)
    • .
  • If you still have to ask, shame on you
    • Armstrong's response to the question what jazz is, cited by Max Jones et.^ Louis Armstrong If you have to ask what jazz is, you'll never know.
      • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The recordings Armstrong made with the Hot Five and its successor, the Hot Seven, at Okeh Records were--and still remain--some of the most influential jazz recordings in history.

      ^ If you have to ask what jazz is, you'll never know.
      • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

      al.
      : ."Salute to Satchmo", I.P.C. Specialist & Professional Press Ltd 1970, page 25
  • It really puzzles me to see marijuana connected with narcotics dope and all of that stuff.^ Every year the French Quarter salutes Louis with a Satchmo festival, with school children, amateur and professional, performing at the US Mint BUilding in the French Quarter.
    • "Satchmo: The Life of Louis Armstrong" - washingtonpost.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Newport Jazz Festival Salute to Louis Armstrong, in: Down Beat, 27/25 (10.Dec.1970), p.
    • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzinstitut.de [Source type: Academic]
    • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

    ^ NN: Satchmo News: Salute, Record Date, New Book, in: Down Beat, 37/13 (9.Jul.1970), p.
    • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzinstitut.de [Source type: Academic]
    • Louis Armstrong Bibliography 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.darmstadt.de [Source type: Academic]

    .It is a thousand times better than whiskey.^ Although the exact origins of swing music remain unclear, there is little dispute that Armstrong's music was swinging better than anyone else at the time.

    It is an assistant and a friend.
  • Making money ain't nothing exciting to me. .You might be able to buy a little better booze than the wino on the corner.^ Although the exact origins of swing music remain unclear, there is little dispute that Armstrong's music was swinging better than anyone else at the time.

    But you get sick just like the next cat and when you die you're just as graveyard dead as he is.
  • There are some people that if they don't know, you can't tell 'em.
  • In between sets or in intermissions during concerts, Mr. Armstrong and some of the younger musicians would head out the back entrance for some marijuana cigarrettes. While the others enjoyed some fine mexican product, Mr. Armstrong would bring out his "New Orleans Golden Leaf". The others were not impressed. This went on for some time but after a while of Mr. Armstrong smoking the others stuff with them they, in a bantering manner, asked him: -"What ever happened to your New Orleans Golden Leaf"?. To this Mr. Armstrong replied: -"Shit son, that would be like bringing a hamburger to a banquet".

Quotes about Armstrong

.
  • He was the only musician who ever lived, who can't be replaced by someone.^ It's also, as I've said, a book about Armstrong as a musician, and about Armstrong as a delighted soul who truly loved his life and tried to live every part of it as deeply as he could.
    • Terry Teachout on Louis Armstrong interview/Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jerryjazzmusician.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Louis Armstrong was the greatest jazz musician who ever lived.

    ^ "The only person who ever made his living sitting down was the shoemaker," she told him.
    • Louis Armstrong 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • You can't play anything on a horn that Louis hasn't played.^ As Miles Davis once said, "You can't play anything on the horn that Louis hasn't played."
    • Louis Armstrong - Jazz at Randy's Rodeo 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.randysrodeo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ November 23, 2009 8:14 pm Link Another film clip of the immortal Louis, jammin’ with Bing Crosby in 1957: .
    • Louis Armstrong in 2 Minutes, 53 Seconds - ArtsBeat Blog - NYTimes.com 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ He insisted that artists like Bing Crosby, Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington and Louis record songs that were big on melody and rich in soul.
    • JazzWax: Louis Armstrong: The Decca Years 7 January 2010 14:16 UTC www.jazzwax.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • He was born poor, died rich, and never hurt anyone along the way.^ Miles Davis - In A Silent Way .

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

File:Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (usually pronounced "Louee") (August 4, 1901July 6, 1971) (also known by the nicknames Satchmo and Pops) was an American jazz musician. He sang the blues and played the trumpet and the cornet and was famous in many countries for it. He was also known for his good singing voice. Armstrong won many awards during his career.

Other websites

English Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 15, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Louis Armstrong, which are similar to those in the above article.








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