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Louis Barthou


In office
22 March 1913 ‚Äď 9 December 1913
Preceded by Aristide Briand
Succeeded by Gaston Doumergue

Born 25 August 1862
Died 9 October 1934 (aged 72)
Political party None

Jean Louis Barthou (25 August 1862 ‚Äď 9 October 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Contents

Biography

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Early years

He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office 13 other times.

Career

Barthou (right) with Polish marshal J√≥zef PiŇāsudski in 1934

Barthou served as Foreign Minister in 1934. He was the primary figure behind the Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance of 1935, though it was signed by his successor, Pierre Laval.

Death

As Foreign Minister, Barthou met King Alexander I of Yugoslavia during his visit to Marseille in October 1934. On 9 October, Alexander was shot and killed by Vlado Chernozemski, who was also shot and killed on the spot by the police escort. Barthou was also wounded, and bled to death from a severed humeral artery (he was not treated until it was too late). The assassination ended the career of Préfet Jouhannaud of Marseille.

It was assumed that Chernozemski hit both victims. But in 1974, forensic examination found that the bullet that struck Barthou was not a 7.65 mm caliber bullet and could not have been fired from Chernozemski's gun. It was an 8 mm bullet, the same caliber used by the Marseille police, and must have been fired at Chernozemski by one of the escorts.

In 1957, the East German newspaper Neues Deutschland ("New Germany") published supposed correspondence between Hermann Göring and Hans Speidel. In 1934, Speidel was an assistant to the German military attaché in Paris; in 1957 he was a high-ranking NATO commander. According to the supposed correspondence, the death of Barthou was intentional, and the assassination was planned and prepared by Germans with Hitler's personal approval. The story was repeated in a book and in the film Unternehmen Teutonenschwert ("Operation Teutonic Sword"). This claim has been disputed as propaganda.

Barthou's Ministry, 22 March - 9 December 1913

  • Louis Barthou - President of the Council and Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • St√©phen Pichon - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Eug√®ne √Čtienne - Minister of War
  • Louis Lucien Klotz - Minister of the Interior
  • Charles Dumont - Minister of Finance
  • Henry Ch√©ron - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Antony Ratier - Minister of Justice
  • Pierre Baudin - Minister of Marine
  • √Čtienne Cl√©mentel - Minister of Agriculture
  • Jean Morel - Minister of Colonies
  • Joseph Thierry - Minister of Public Works
  • Alfred Mass√© - Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs

References

  • Young, Robert Power and Pleasure : Louis Barthou and the Third French Republic, Montreal : McGill-Queen‚Äôs University Press, 1991, ISBN 0773508635

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Jonnart
Minister of Public Works
1894 ‚Äď 1895
Succeeded by
Ludovic Dupuy-Dutemps
Preceded by
Ferdinand Sarrien
Minister of the Interior
1896 ‚Äď 1898
Succeeded by
Henri Brisson
Preceded by
Armand Gauthier de l'Aude
Minister of Public Works
1906 ‚Äď 1909
Succeeded by
Alexandre Millerand
Preceded by
George Trouillot
Minister of Posts and Telegraphs
1906 ‚Äď 1909
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
Minister of Justice
1909 ‚Äď 1910
Succeeded by
Théodore Girard
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
Minister of Justice
1913
Succeeded by
Antony Ratier
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
President of the Council
1913
Succeeded by
Gaston Doumergue
Preceded by
Théodore Steeg
Minister of Public Instruction
1913
Succeeded by
René Viviani
Preceded by
‚ÄĒ
Minister of State
1917
With: Léon Bourgeois, Paul Doumer, Jean Dupuy
Succeeded by
Léon Bourgeois
Paul Doumer
Jean Dupuy
Preceded by
Alexandre Ribot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1917
Succeeded by
Stéphen Pichon
Preceded by
Flaminius Rabierti
Minister of War
1921 ‚Äď 1922
Succeeded by
André Maginot
Preceded by
Laurent Bonnevay
Minister of Justice
1922
Succeeded by
Maurice Colrat
Preceded by
Maurice Colrat
Minister of Justice
1926 ‚Äď 1929
Succeeded by
Lucien Hubert
Preceded by
André Maginot
Minister of War
1930 ‚Äď 1931
Succeeded by
André Maginot
Preceded by
√Čdouard Daladier
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1934
Succeeded by
Pierre Laval

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