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Louis I of Spain: Wikis


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King of Spain
Reign 14 January – 31 August 1724
Predecessor Philip V
Successor Philip V
Spouse Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
House House of Bourbon
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Princess Maria Luisa of Savoy
Born 25 August 1707
Madrid, Spain
Died August 31, 1724 (aged 17)
Madrid, Spain

Louis I (Spanish: Luis I de Borbón) (25 August 1707 – 31 August 1724) was King of Spain from 14 January 1724 until his death. His reign is recorded as one of the shortest in history, as he was king for just over seven months.

He was the eldest son of King Philip V of Spain by his first queen consort, Maria Luisa of Savoy.



Born at the Palacio del Buen Retiro, in Madrid, he was Prince of Asturias at birth as the heir apparent to his father's throne. In 1714, when Louis was seven, his mother died, leaving him and his brothers, Infant Ferdinand and Infant Felipe Pedro. As a result, on 24 December 1714, the King of Spain, Louis' father, married the young heiress to the Duchy of Parma, Elisabeth of Parma.

As heir not only to the vast Spanish empire, but also to a new dynasty, it was decided that Louis would take a wife as soon as possible. On 20 January 1722, at Lerma, he met and married Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, a daughter of Philip II, Duke of Orléans, cousin of Louis' father and then the Regent of France. The dowry of this marriage was an enormous 4 million livres.[1] She did not fit into the religious Spanish Court well and she often refused to speak to her husband. There were no children of the marriage.

Louis ruled for a short period between the time his father Philip V abdicated in his favour (15 January 1724) and his death from smallpox, just over seven months later. On his death, his father returned to the throne, and reigned until his own death in 1746.

Louis was buried in the Cripta Real del Monasterio de El Escorial part of the El Escorial complex built by the previous ruling House of Spain, the Habsburgs.





  1. ^ Réimpression de l'ancien Moniteur, seule histoire authentique et inaltérée


  • Danvila, Alfonso. El reinado relámpago, Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleáns, 1707-1724. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1952. Reprinted as Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleans: el reinado relámpago. Madrid: Alderabán, 1997.

External links


Simple English

Louis I of Spain (25 August 1707 – 31 August 1724) was the King of Spain and eldest son of Philip V of Spain and Maria Luisa of Savoy.

He was King of Spain from 14 January 1724 – 31 August 1724 when he died of smallpox. He married his fathers cousin Louis Élisabeth d'Orléans but had no children.


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