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Louis V
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis V of Hesse-Darmstadt
Spouse Magdalena von Brandenburg
Elisabeth Magdalene Duchess of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Anna Eleonore Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt
Sofie Agnes Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt
Georg II Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Juliane Princess of Hesse
Amalie Countess of Hesse-Darmstadt
Johann Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt
Heinrich Count of Hesse-Darmstadt
Hedwig Countess of Hesse-Darmstadt;
Ludwig Count of Hesse-Darmstadt
Friedrich Count of Hesse-Darmstadt
House House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Magdalene of Lippe
Born 24 September 1577
Died 27 July 1626

Louis V of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ludwig) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626.

He was born on 24 September 1577 as the son of George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalene of Lippe.

In 1604 he inherited a part of Hessen-Marburg after the death of Louis IV of Hesse-Marburg who was childless. The other half went to Maurice of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), but since Maurice was a Calvinist, Ludwig claimed a right on the whole of Hesse-Marburg. Lutheran professors of the University of Marburg who refused to convert to Calvinism founded in 1607 the University of Gießen which was named Ludoviciana.

This led to a conflict during the Thirty Years' War, between Louis V, who stood on the side of the Emperor, and Maurice, who was on the side of the Protestants. Hesse-Darmstadt suffered severely from the ravages from the Swedes during the conflict.

The Landgrave died in 1626 and he was succeeded by George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

In 1722, Johann Georg Liebknecht, an astronomer at the University of Gießen, named a star, which he thought was a planet, Sidus Ludoviciana after Ludwig V. See, Sidus Ludoviciana in the German Wikipedia.


He married Magdalena von Brandenburg and had issue:

  • Elisabeth Magdalene Duchess of Württemberg-Montbéliard; 23 April 1600 (Darmstadt) – 9 June 1624 (Montbéliard).
  • Anna Eleonore Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; 30 July 1601 – 6 May 1659.
  • Sofie Agnes Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; 12 January 1604 (Darmstadt) – 8 September 1664 (Hilpoltstein).
  • Georg II Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; 17 March 1605 – 11 June 1661.
  • Juliane Princess of Hesse; 14 April 1606 (Darmstadt) – 15 January 1659 (Hanover).
  • Amalie Countess of Hesse-Darmstadt; 20 June 1607 – 11 September 1627.
  • Johann Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt; 17 June 1609 (Darmstadt) , – 1 April 1651 (Ems).
  • Heinrich Count of Hesse-Darmstadt; 1 April 1612 (Darmstadt) – 21 October 1629.
  • Hedwig Countess of Hesse-Darmstadt; 22 June 1613 Darmstadt – 2 March 1614.
  • Ludwig Count of Hesse-Darmstadt; 12 September 1614 (Darmstadt) – 16 September 1614.
  • Friedrich Count of Hesse-Darmstadt; 28 February 1616 (Darmstadt) – 19 February 1682.



Preceded by
George I
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Succeeded by
George II


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