Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: Wikis

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Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Queen consort of Prussia; Electress consort of Brandenburg
portrait by Josef Grassi
Tenure 1797 ‚Äď 1810
Spouse Frederick William III
Issue
Frederick William IV
William I, German Emperor
Princess Charlotte
Princess Frederica
Prince Charles
Princess Alexandrine
Prince Ferdinand
Princess Louise
Prince Albert
Full name
Luisa Augusta Wilhelmina Amelia
House House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
House of Hohenzollern
Father Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Mother Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born 10 March 1776(1776-03-10)
Hanover
Died 19 July 1810 (aged 34)
Schloss Hohenzieritz
Burial Charlottenburg

Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie (Luisa Augusta Wilhelmina Amelia) (10 March 1776 ‚Äď 19 July 1810) was Queen consort of Prussia.

Contents

Biography

Famous Schadow statue of Louise (left), with her sister, Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Louise was born in Hanover, where her father, Karl of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, was field marshal of the household brigade. Her mother was Princess Friederike Caroline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Her paternal grandparents were Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Elizabeth Albertine, Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Queen Charlotte, royal consort of King George III of the United Kingdom, was her paternal aunt, thus King George IV of United Kingdom, King William IV of the United Kingdom and King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover were her first cousins.

Her maternal grandparents were Georg Wilhelm of Hessen-Darmstadt and Maria of Leiningen-Dagsburg. Georg Wilhelm was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. In 1793, at Frankfurt, Luise met the Crown Prince of Prussia, afterwards King Frederick William III. Deeply impressed by her beauty and nobility of character, Frederick William asked her to become his wife. They were married on 24 December of the same year. As Queen of Prussia, she commanded universal respect and affection, and nothing in Prussian history is more admired than the dignity and unflinching courage with which she bore the sufferings inflicted on her and her family during the war between Prussia and France.

Queen Luise Memorial by Schinkel in Gransee

After the battle of Jena she went with her husband to Königsberg, and when the battles of Eylau and Friedland had placed Prussia absolutely at the mercy of France, she made a personal appeal to Napoleon I of France at his headquarters in Tilsit, but without success. Early in 1808 she accompanied the king from Memel to Königsberg, whence, towards the end of the year, she visited Saint Petersburg, returning to Berlin on 23 December 1809.

During the war Napoleon attempted to destroy the Queen's reputation, but the only effect of his charges in Prussia was to make her more deeply beloved. On 19 July 1810 she died in her husband's arms, while visiting her father in Strelitz. She was buried in the garden of the Palace at Charlottenburg, where a mausoleum, containing a fine recumbent statue by Rauch, was built over her grave. In 1840, her husband was buried by her side.

Sarcophagus of Louise by Christian Daniel Rauch
Louise, Queen of Prussia, (Lithuanian: Karaliene Luvyza) beloved of Prussian Lithuanians

Issue

Name Birth Death Notes
Stillborn Daughter 1 October 1794 1 October 1794 -
Frederick William IV of Prussia 15 October 1795 2 January 1861 married Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria (1801-1873), no issue
Wilhelm I of Prussia 22 March 1797 9 March 1888 married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar (1811-1890), had issue
Charlotte 13 July 1798 1 November 1860 married Nicholas I of Russia, had issue
Frederica 14 October 1799 30 March 1800 died in childhood
Charles 29 July 1801 21 January 1883 married Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar and had issue.
Alexandrine 23 February 1803 21 April 1892 married Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and had issue
Ferdinand 13 December 1804 1 April 1806 died of diphtheria in childhood
Louise 1 February 1808 6 December 1870 married Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, had issue
Albert (Albrecht) 4 October 1809 14 October 1872 married Marianne, daughter of King William I of the Netherlands, had issue, Married second to Rosalie von Rauch, Countess of Hohenau, daughter of Gustav von Rauch, had issue.

Ancestry

Posthumous honors

References

  1. ^ a b Darryl Lund. "Katherine Polyxene Gräfin zu Solms-Rödelheim und Assenheim", 2005-08-19. Retrieved on 2009-03-15.
  2. ^ Philipp Demandt, Luisenkult, Die Unsterblichkeit der Königin von Preußen, Böhlau-Verlag GmbH, Köln-Weimar-Wien 2003 ISBN 10-3412074039
  3. ^ Conan Fisher, The Rise of National Socialism and the Working Classes in Weimar, Berghahn Books, Providence/Oxford 1996
  • Adami, F., Luise, Konigin von Preussen (7th ed., 1875),
  • Engel, E., K√∂nigin Luise (1876);
  • A. Kluckhohn, Luise, Konigin von Preussen (1876);
  • Mommsen and Treitschke, K√∂nigin Luise (1876).
  • Hudson, Life and Times of Louisa, Queen of Prussia (1874), (in English).
  • Horn, G., Das Buch von der K√∂nigin Luise (Berlin, 1883).
  • Lonke, A., K√∂nigin Luise von Preussen (Leipzig, 1903).
  • H. von Petersdorff, K√∂nigin Luise, Frauenleben, Bd. i., (Bielefeld, 1903; 2nd edition, 1904).
  • Wright, Constance, Louise, Queen of Prussia, (London, 1969), ISBN 0-584-10163-5
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

External links

Preceded by
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Electress of Brandenburg
1797 ‚Äď 1806
Succeeded by
Title abandoned
Preceded by
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Queen of Prussia
1797 ‚Äď 1810
Succeeded by
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria

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