The Full Wiki

Louisiana Purchase: Wikis

  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vente de la Louisiane
Louisiana Purchase
Territory of the United States

1804
 

Location of Louisiana Purchase
A map of the Louisiana Purchase
Capital New Orleans
History
 - Established March 10 1804
 - Disestablished October 10 1804
.The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,800 square miles (2,147,000 km2) of the French territory Louisiana in 1803. The U.S. paid 60 million francs ($11,250,000) plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs ($3,750,000), a total cost of 15 million dollars for the Louisiana territory.^ The price of the Louisiana Purchase was substantial for 1803, but the cost of securing this territory for the United States was far greater.
  • How to Research the Louisiana Purchase | eHow.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Out of this territory would come all or parts of the presLouisiana Purchase added over 800,000 square miles of territory to the existing United States.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.u-s-history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Louisiana Purchase 1803 .
  • Oklahoma Journeys - Louisiana Purchase 1803 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.okhistory.org [Source type: Original source]

[1][2][3]
.The Louisiana Purchase encompassed all or part of 14 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces.^ Texas was not part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Can you name the current states whose land the U.S. acquired at least in part through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803? - sporcle 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1803, the United States purchased 828,000 acres - encompassing all or part of 14 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces - from France for a total cost of $15 million.
  • ‘New Louisiana Purchase’ advances Senate health care bill | Tulsa Beacon 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tulsabeacon.com [Source type: News]

^ Hopefully most of you remember the real Louisiana Purchase when the US purchased from France land encompassing all or part of 14 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces.
  • The New $300 Million Louisiana Purchase on the Backs of Tax Payers … How Senator Mary Landrieu (D-La.) Vote was Bought for Obamacare | Scared Monkeys 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC scaredmonkeys.com [Source type: News]

.The land purchased contained all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River, most of North Dakota, nearly all of South Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide, and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans.^ Incidentally, present day Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, North and South Dakota and Minnesota only have partials in the purchase as well.
  • Can you name the current states whose land the U.S. acquired at least in part through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803? - sporcle 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ Louisiana is bordered by Mississippi on the east, the Gulf of Mexico on the south, Texas on the west, and Arkansas on the north.

^ The lands of the Louisiana Purchase were settled by the 1890s.
  • WikiAnswers - What was important about the Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.(The Oklahoma Panhandle, and southwestern portions of Kansas and Louisiana were still claimed by Spain at the time of the Purchase.^ (The Oklahoma Panhandle, and southwestern portions of Kansas and Louisiana were still claimed by Spain at the time of the Purchase.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Louisiana Purchase: November 2009 « Free Us Now Weblog 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC freemenow.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The thirteen states formed from the territory are: Arkansas , Colorado , Iowa , Kansas , Louisiana , Minnesota , Missouri , Montana , Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , and Wyoming .
  • Louisiana Purchase@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Louisiana Purchase@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Louisiana Purchase@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC everything2.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the area along the lower Mississippi River was rich in wetlands and hardwood forests and was teeming with an abundant wildlife population.

) .In addition, the Purchase contained small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.^ In addition, the Purchase contained small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan .
  • Louisiana Purchase: November 2009 « Free Us Now Weblog 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC freemenow.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time of the Purchase, small segments of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan also were presumed part of the transaction.
  • Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase - A Question of Boundaries (American Memory from the Library of Congress) 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC memory.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, the Purchase contained small portions of land that would eventually become part of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The purchase, which doubled the size of the United States, comprises around 23% of current U.S. territory.^ The territory was acquired in 1803 by the United States by the Louisiana Purchase from France.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States and contained ...
  • Louisiana Purchase | Louisiana Purchase Information | HighBeam Research - FREE Trial 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the young United States.
  • http://www.sptimes.com/2003/webspecials03/lapurchase/ 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sptimes.com [Source type: News]

[2] .The population was estimated to be 97,000 as of the 1810 census.^ The population was estimated to be 97,000 as of the 1810 census.
  • Louisiana Purchase: November 2009 « Free Us Now Weblog 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC freemenow.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The African American population of St. Louis at the time of the fair was about 97, 000; 1,600 men worked at the fair—only nine of them were Blacks.
  • History of the Louisiana Purchase from Barrister's Gallery 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.barristersgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Mississippian Era (A.D. 900-1541), Arkansas's Native American population reached a peak that has been estimated as low as 75,000 and as high as 350,000.
  • Native American History in Arkansas - Part 1 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.southshore.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.The purchase was a vital moment in the presidency of Thomas Jefferson.^ Thomas Jefferson as President in 1803.
  • Western Expansion - Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The purchase was an important moment in the presidency of Thomas Jefferson.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ President Thomas Jefferson was very worried.
  • The Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.edhelper.com [Source type: News]

.At the time, it faced domestic opposition as being possibly unconstitutional.^ At the time, it faced domestic opposition as being possibly unconstitutional.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ At the time, it faced domestic opposition as being possibly unconstitutional .
  • Louisiana Purchase: November 2009 « Free Us Now Weblog 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC freemenow.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Louisiana Purchase faced strong opposition from Jefferson's political opponents in the Federalist Party, who argued that the deal, made without the consent of the Senate, was unconstitutional.
  • The Bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase : NPR 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Although he felt that the US Constitution did not contain any provisions for acquiring territory, Jefferson decided to purchase Louisiana because he felt uneasy about France and Spain having the power to block American trade access to the port of New Orleans.^ His interpretation of the Constitution did not allow any such transaction as the Louisiana Purchase.
  • savannahnow.com | Savannah Morning News 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC savannahnow.com [Source type: News]

^ Meriwether Lewis was in Washington when the news about the Louisiana Purchase arrived.
  • Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan and Activity 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Then Jefferson decided to buy the Louisiana Purchase from France.
  • The Louisiana Purchase for Kids 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.pocanticohills.org [Source type: Original source]

Napoleon Bonaparte, upon completion of the agreement, stated, "This accession of territory affirms forever the power of the United States, and I have given England a maritime rival who sooner or later will humble her pride."[5]

Contents

Background

A contemporary mapmaker's vision of "Louisiana", edged on the west by the Rocky Mountains
.The city of New Orleans controlled the Mississippi River through its location; other locations for ports had been tried and had not succeeded.^ Mississippi River , New Orleans is a culturally diverse ...
  • Louisiana Purchase | Definition of Louisiana Purchase | HighBeam.com: Online Dictionary 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: News]

^ Immigration through the port of New Orleans, in Mark Stolarik, ed.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Historical Perspectives, 1682-1815 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.lib.lsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It gave the country its heartland, as well as control of the Mississippi River and the important port city of New Orleans on the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Jim Thomson | The Haitian Revolution and the Forging of America | The History Teacher, 34.1 | The History Cooperative 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

.New Orleans was already important for shipping agricultural goods to and from the parts of the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains.^ New Orleans is closed to American shipping.
  • Jefferson's West: Timeline of Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.monticello.org [Source type: News]

^ When news of the sale reached the United States, the West was elated .
  • The Louisiana Purchase - North Carolina Digital History 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.learnnc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Orleans was already important for shipping agricultural goods to and from the parts of the U.S. west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pinckney's Treaty, signed with Spain on October 27, 1795, gave American merchants "right of deposit" in New Orleans, meaning they could use the port to store goods for export.^ The treaty means that Americans in the vast Mississippi Valley now have the right to navigate the entire Mississippi River and to store goods in New Orleans in order to facilitate export.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Haitian Revolution to Lewis & Clark Timeline 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.shmoop.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans closed to Americans .
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a treaty of 1795, Spain agreed to give Americans the "right of deposit" at New Orleans.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

.Americans used this right to transport products such as flour, tobacco, pork, bacon, lard, feathers, cider, butter, and cheese.^ Americans also used this "right of deposit" to transport products such as flour, tobacco, pork, bacon, lard, feathers, cider, butter, and cheese.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Americans also used this right to transport products such as flour, tobacco, pork, bacon, lard, feathers, cider, butter, and cheese.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Arks and flatboats transported a great variety of products, including flour, tobacco, pork, bacon, lard, feathers, cider, butter, cheese, hemp, potatoes, apples, salt, whiskey, beeswax, and bear and deer skins.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

.The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River, which had become vital to the growing trade of their western territories.^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Toward the end of the 18th century, the question of who controlled navigation rights on the Mississippi River - then the western border of the United States - became one of vital importance.
  • Louisiana Purchase Honored with Postage Stamp 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.auctionbytes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President Thomas Jefferson was, by that time, already planning a trade and exploration expedition through the western regions of the continent to the Pacific-a mission into foreign territory.
  • Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: Original source]

[6] .In 1798 Spain revoked this treaty, which greatly upset Americans.^ In 1798 Spain revoked this treaty, which greatly upset Americans.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1798, Spain revoked this treaty which greatly upset Americans.

^ The Treaty of Paris in 1783 confirmed the "nationhood" of the American republic and also returned Florida to Spain.
  • Louisiana Purchase Overview 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sos.louisiana.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In 1801, Spanish Governor Don Juan Manuel De Salcedo took over for Governor Marquess of Casa Calvo, and the right to deposit goods from the United States was fully restored.^ What caused uneasiness in the United States in 1801?
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In June 1801, Spanish governor Don Juan Manuel de Salcedo replaced Governor Casa Calvo, and the right of deposit for United States goods was reinstated for a short time.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1801, Spanish Governor Don Juan Manuel De Salcedo took over for Governor Marquess of Casa Calvo, and the right to deposit goods from the United States was fully restored.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Napoleon Bonaparte returned Louisiana to French control from Spain in 1800, under the Treaty of San Ildefonso (Louisiana had been a Spanish colony since 1762.) However, the treaty was kept secret, and Louisiana remained under Spanish control until a transfer of power to France on November 30, 1803, just three weeks before the cession to the United States.^ From then until the United States acquired the territory in the Louisiana Purchase on December 20, 1803, France and Spain traded control of the region's colonial empire.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1800, Napoleon signed the secret Treaty of Ildefonso with Spain, an agreement that stipulated that France would provide Spain with a kingdom for the son-in-law of Spain's king if Spain would return Louisiana to France.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The territory was acquired in 1803 by the United States by the Louisiana Purchase from France.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston traveled to Paris to negotiate the purchase in 1803. Their interest was only in the port and its environs; they did not anticipate the much larger transfer of territory that would follow.^ Monroe and Livingston were then to negotiate an alliance with Britain.
  • Louisiana Purchase Presentation 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jefferson sent James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston to Paris to negotiate such a purchase.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jefferson’s Solution In 1803 Jefferson sent James Monroe to Paris to join Robert Livingston the permanent Paris minister.
  • Louisiana Purchase Presentation 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Negotiation

The original treaty of the Louisiana Purchase.
.Jefferson initiated the purchase by sending Livingston to Paris in 1801, after discovering the transfer of Louisiana from Spain to France under the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso.^ Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years' War and confirms transfer of Louisiana to Spain.
  • Louisiana.gov - Explore 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC louisiana.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ August Alliance treaty of San Ildefonso between France and Spain.
  • The Louisana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.napoleon.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But in 1800 France re-acquired Louisiana in the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.

.Livingston was authorized to purchase New Orleans.^ (They were actually only authorized to purchase New Orleans.
  • Louisiana Purchase Use With Worksheet 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

^ President Jefferson had instructed Livingston to only purchase New Orleans.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Livingston was to pursue a purchase of New Orleans, but he was rebuffed by the French.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.In 1802, Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours began to help negotiate with France at the request of Jefferson.^ In 1802, Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours was enlisted to help negotiate.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ President Thomas Jefferson was concerned about this situation and sent James Madison to Paris to try to help Robert Livingston, the American minister to France, negotiate a deal.
  • Interactives . United States History Map . The Nation Expands 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.learner.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1802 Jefferson learned that a vast territory (2, 144,476 km 2 ) between the Mississippi Valley and the Rocky Mountains and between Canada and the Gulf of Mexico had been ceded to France.
  • NETTING AMERICA - A.1.2 The Louisiana Purchase (1803) 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC america.bibl.u-szeged.hu [Source type: Original source]

.Du Pont was living in the United States at the time and had close ties to Jefferson, as well as to the political powers in France.^ Time was therefore on the side of the United States.
  • TAHPDX Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.upa.pdx.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Pont was living in the United States at the time and had close ties to Jefferson, as well as to the political powers in France.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Du Pont was living in the U.S. at the time and had close ties to Jefferson, as well as to the political powers in France.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He engaged in back-channel diplomacy with Napoleon on Jefferson's behalf during a visit to France, and originated the idea of the much larger Louisiana Purchase as a way to defuse potential conflict between the United States and Napoleon over North America.^ The territory was acquired in 1803 by the United States by the Louisiana Purchase from France.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1803 the United States purchased Louisiana from France.
  • Powell's Books - Nation's Crucible (04 Edition) by Peter Kastor 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.powells.com [Source type: General]

^ Treaty between the United States and France, April 29, 1803 .
  • Louisiana Purchase: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress) 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Reference]

[7]
.Jefferson disliked the idea of purchasing Louisiana from France as that could imply that France had a right to be in Louisiana.^ Jefferson disliked the idea: purchasing Louisiana from France would imply that France had a right to be in Louisiana.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The price was right for Louisiana Purchase The price was right for Louisiana Purchase .
  • The price was right for Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC trib.com [Source type: News]

^ Jefferson disliked the idea of purchasing Louisiana from France as that could imply that France had a right to be in Louisiana.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.A strict constructionist, Jefferson also believed that a U.S. President did not have the authority to make such a deal: it was not specified in the Constitution.^ A strict constructionalist, Jefferson also believed that a U.S. president did not have the authority to engage in such a deal because it was not specified in the constitution, and that to do so would moreover erode states' rights by increasing federal executive power.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ But the Constitution evidently did not grant presidents such power.
  • TAHPDX Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.upa.pdx.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This troubled Jefferson, who believed in the strict interpretation of the Constitution.
  • 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC mrthompson.org [Source type: Original source]

.He also thought that to do so would erode states' rights by increasing federal executive power.^ A strict constructionalist, Jefferson also believed that a U.S. president did not have the authority to engage in such a deal because it was not specified in the constitution, and that to do so would moreover erode states' rights by increasing federal executive power.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jefferson also believed that Presidents did not have the authority to engage in such a deal because it was not specified in the constitution and doing so would further erode states' rights by increasing Federal executive power.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On page 432 of the Reid bill, there is a section increasing federal Medicaid subsidies for “certain states recovering from a major disaster.” SEC. 2006.
  • Louisiana Purchase: November 2009 « Free Us Now Weblog 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC freemenow.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the other hand, he was aware of the potential threat that France could be in that region, and was prepared to go to war to prevent a strong French presence there.^ On the other hand, he was aware of the potential threat that a neighbor like France could be for the young nation, and was ready to go to war in case a strong French presence in the region was implemented.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, he was aware of the potential threat that a neighbour like France would be for the young nation, and was prepared to go to war to prevent a strong French presence in the region.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ After defeat of France in the French and Indian War of 1754-1763, France ceded western Louisiana and New Orleans to Spain, and lost Canada and eastern Louisiana to the British.

.Meanwhile, Napoleon's foreign minister, Talleyrand, vehemently opposed selling Louisiana since that would mean an end to France's secret plans for a North American empire.^ Meanwhile, Napoleon's foreign minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, was vehemently opposed to selling Louisiana since it would mean an end to France's secret plans for a North American empire.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ To sell Louisiana was not the wish of Talleyrand.

^ Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, likewise, was vehemently opposed to selling Louisiana since it would mean an end to France's secret plans for a takeover of North America.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed].
.Throughout this time, Jefferson had up-to-date intelligence on Napoleon's military activities and intentions in North America.^ Throughout this time, Jefferson had up-to-date intelligence on Napoleon's military activities and intentions in North America.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jefferson hoped to take Spain’s territories--piece by piece,--while Napoleon schemed to reestablish a French colonial empire in the Caribbean and North America.
  • Powell's Books - A Wilderness So Immense: The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America by Jon Kukla 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.powells.com [Source type: General]

^ Without Santo Domingo Napoleon's colonial ambitions for a French empire were foiled in North America.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Lousiana Purchase - Page 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.legendsofamerica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Part of his evolving strategy involved giving du Pont some information that was withheld from Livingston.^ Part of his evolving strategy involved giving du Pont information that was withheld from Livingston.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.He also gave intentionally conflicting instructions to the two.^ He also gave intentionally conflicting instructions to the two.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.He next sent Monroe to Paris in 1803. Monroe had been formally expelled from France on his last diplomatic mission, and the choice to send him again conveyed a sense of seriousness.^ The Monroe Mission to France, 1794-1796.
  • Louisiana Purchase Bibliography - Research Guides - Online Resources - The State Historical Society of Missouri 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC shs.umsystem.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Monroe had been formally expelled from France on his last diplomatic mission, and the choice to send him again conveyed a sense of seriousness.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ He next sent Monroe to Paris in 1803.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Napoleon was faced with revolution in Saint-Domingue (present-day Republic of Haiti).^ Napoleon sends a huge army of 40,000 men, led by his brother-in-law Charles Leclerc, to reconquer Saint-Domingue and depose Toussaint Louverture.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Haitian Revolution to Lewis & Clark Timeline 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.shmoop.com [Source type: General]

^ Napoleon was faced with the defeat of his armies in Saint-Domingue (present-day Republic of Haiti) where an expeditionary force under his brother-in-law Charles Leclerc was attempting to reassert control over a slave rebellion that threatened France's most profitable colony.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ To gain a more nuanced understanding of Napoleon’s relinquishment of Louisiana in 1803, you have to look back in time to the revolutionary events that unfolded on the island of Saint-Domingue-- or what we now know as present-day Haiti—at the turn of the eighteenth century.
  • eHistory at OSU | The Louisiana Purchase in the Age of Revolution 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC ehistory.osu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.An expeditionary force under his brother-in-law Charles Leclerc had tried to re-conquer the territory and re-establish slavery.^ Napoleon was faced with the defeat of his armies in Saint-Domingue (present-day Republic of Haiti) where an expeditionary force under his brother-in-law Charles Leclerc was attempting to reassert control of France's most profitable colony.

^ Napoleon wishing to maintain control of the island, attempted to restore the old regime (and white rule) by sending his brother-in-law, General Charles Leclerc , with an experienced force that included several exiled mulatto officers.
  • Louisiana Purchase Stamp Issue - 2003 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC esperstamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The year before, Napoleons brother-in-law and 40,000 French soldiers perished in the malarial jungles of Haiti while trying to put down a slave rebellion.
  • Louisiana Purchase Exposition Gold Dollar 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.coinsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But yellow fever and the fierce resistance of the Haitian Revolution destroyed the French army in what became the only successful slave revolt in history, resulting in the establishment of Haiti, the first independent black state in the New World.^ The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon had visions of a new western empire anchored by Saint-Domingue and Louisiana, however his plans collapsed with the successful 12 year revolt of the slaves and free blacks of Saint-Domingue.
  • Louisiana Purchase Stamp Issue - 2003 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC esperstamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between April 10 and 15, 1825, the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman who assisted the Americans with their war for independence and became a hero of the French Revolution, resided in the Cabildo during a visit to New Orleans.
  • Louisiana State Museum 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Loaned by the Louisiana Historical Society Between April 10 and 15, 1825, the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman who assisted the Americans with their war for independence and became a hero of the French Revolution, resided in the Cabildo during a visit to New Orleans.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Napoleon needed peace with Great Britain to implement the Treaty of San Ildefonso and take possession of Louisiana.^ Lacking sufficient military forces in America, Napoleon needed peace with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to implement the Treaty of San Ildefonso and take possession of Louisiana.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1800, Napoleon signed the secret Treaty of Ildefonso with Spain, an agreement that stipulated that France would provide Spain with a kingdom for the son-in-law of Spain's king if Spain would return Louisiana to France.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Urged by the Duke of Wellington to reach a settlement, and faced with the depletion of the British treasury due in large part to the heavy costs of the Napoleonic Wars, the negotiators for Great Britain accepted the Treaty of Ghent in December 1814.
  • THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC users.ncia.net [Source type: Original source]

.Otherwise, Louisiana would be an easy prey for Britain or even for the U.S. But in early 1803, war between France and Britain seemed unavoidable.^ Otherwise, Louisiana would be an easy prey for the British or even for the Americans.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1800, Napoleon signed the secret Treaty of Ildefonso with Spain, an agreement that stipulated that France would provide Spain with a kingdom for the son-in-law of Spain's king if Spain would return Louisiana to France.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He feared the nation would find itself wedged between Britain in Canada and France in Louisiana, a weaker player in a North American geographical struggle dominated by the world's two largest powers.
  • SparkNotes: The First Years of the Union (1797-1809): The Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sparknotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On March 11, 1803, Napoleon began preparing to invade Britain.^ On March 11, 1803, Napoleon decided to start building a flotilla of barges to invade Britain.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ On 11 March 1803, Napoleon decided to start building a flotilla of barges to invade Britain.

^ On April 11, 1803, Talleyrand asked Robert Livingston how much the United States was prepared to pay for Louisiana.

.Napoleon had failed to re-enslave Haiti; he therefore abandoned his plans to rebuild France's New World empire.^ These circumstances led Bonaparte to abandon his plans to rebuild France's New World empire.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Napoleon planned a French empire in the New World, with its center at New Orleans.

^ As Napoleon's New World empire disintegrated, the loss of Haiti made Louisiana unnecessary.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC lsm.crt.state.la.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without revenues from sugar colonies in the Caribbean, Louisiana had little value to him.^ Napoleon's ambitions in Louisiana involved the creation of a new empire centered on the Caribbean sugar trade .
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the interactions of all the cultures, French, Spanish, Native American, German, and Caribbean, Louisiana's unique cuisine developed during the colonial era.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Historical Perspectives, 1682-1815 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.lib.lsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jefferson’s idea of halting white settlement at the Mississppi was little more than a pipe dream that allowed him to embrace the Louisiana Purchase without confronting its bitter consequences for Indians.
  • The Real Cost of the Louisiana Purchase - THE HISTORY CHANNEL CLUB 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.thehistorychannelclub.com [Source type: Original source]

.On April 10, 1803 Napoleon told Treasury minister Barbé-Marbois that he was considering selling the whole Louisiana Territory to the U.S. On April 11, 1803, just days before Monroe's arrival, Barbé-Marbois offered Livingston all of Louisiana instead of just New Orleans, at a price of $15 million, equivalent to about $217 million in present day terms.^ April 11, 1803 .
  • Louisiana Purchase: Haitian Revolution to Lewis & Clark Timeline 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.shmoop.com [Source type: General]

^ Napoleon determined to cede the whole of the Louisiana territory before it was asked of him.
  • Terry's 1904 World's Fair Page -- The Louisiana Purchase Treaty 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tlaupp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Napoleon, the emperor of France, had offered to sell the territory of Louisiana to the United States for $15 million.
  • Teaching about the Louisiana Purchase. ERIC Digest. 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: Reference]

[9]
.The American representatives were prepared to pay up to $10 million for New Orleans and its environs, but were dumbfounded when the vastly larger territory was offered for $15 million.^ They were to offer up to $10 million dollars for the purchase of New Orleans and part of the Floridas.
  • The White House Historical Association > Classroom 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.whitehousehistory.org [Source type: Original source]

^ New Orleans closed to Americans .
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Livingston was authorized to pay up to $2 million.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jefferson had authorized Livingston only to purchase New Orleans.^ President Jefferson had instructed Livingston to only purchase the Floridas.

^ Livingston was to pursue a purchase of New Orleans, but he was rebuffed by the French.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jefferson authorizes Louisiana Purchase, Nov.
  • Jefferson authorizes Louisiana Purchase, Nov. 10, 1803 - Andrew Glass - POLITICO.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: News]

.However, Livingston was certain that the U.S. would accept such a large offer.^ However, he was certain that the United States would accept such a large offer.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ If it came out later that someone offered specific legislators' family members juicy contracts if said legislators would vote in a certain way, that would be buying votes.
  • The Louisiana(vote)Purchase - MacNN Forums 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC forums.macnn.com [Source type: General]

^ What influenced him quite as much was the realization that he was without authority to entertain such and enlarged scheme, however sincerely offered.
  • Terry's 1904 World's Fair Page -- The Louisiana Purchase Treaty 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tlaupp.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.The Americans thought that Napoleon might withdraw the offer at any time, preventing the United States from acquiring New Orleans.^ Time was therefore on the side of the United States.
  • TAHPDX Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.upa.pdx.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ James Monroe agreed with Livingston that Napoleon might withdraw this offer at any time.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Orleans closed to Americans .
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

.So they agreed on April 30, 1803. The treaty was signed on May 2. On July 14, 1803, the treaty reached Washington.^ The treaty was backdated to April 30.
  • Louisiana Purchase Stamp Issue - 2003 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC esperstamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed on April 30, 1803.
  • Morrison County Historical Society » Let’s Make a Deal: The Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC morrisoncountyhistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 30, 1803 .
  • Louisiana Purchase: Haitian Revolution to Lewis & Clark Timeline 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.shmoop.com [Source type: General]

.The Louisiana Territory was vast, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico in the south to Rupert's Land in the north, and from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west.^ In 1800, France and Spain were negotiating for ownership of the Louisiana Territory the vast region between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains .
  • 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC mrthompson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This vast area lay between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase | World Book Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The boundaries were vague, but roughly the territory reached from the Appalachian Mountains on the east to the Rocky Mountains on the west, and from Canada on the North to the Gulf of Mexico on the south.
  • Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan and Activity 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Acquiring the territory would double the size of the United States at a cost of less than 3 cents per acre.^ Acquiring the territory would double the size of the United States at a cost in the currency of the day of less than 3 cents per acre (7 cents per ha).
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Acquiring the territory would double the size of the United States at a cost in the currency of the day of less than 3 cents per acre.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ For the price of approximately 13.5 cents per acre, the United States had doubled its size.
  • SparkNotes: The First Years of the Union (1797-1809): The Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.sparknotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Domestic opposition

Louisiana Territory and the State of Louisiana shown on the Louisiana State Quarter
A 2004 nickel celebrating the bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase
At the Purchase's centennial fair, one illustrator imagined the treaty signing as above.
US Postage stamp, 1953 Issue, Commemorating 150th Anniversary of signing.
.The American purchase of the Louisiana territory was not accomplished without domestic opposition.^ Domestic opposition The American purchase of the Louisiana territory was not accomplished without domestic opposition.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American purchase of the Louisiana territory was not accomplished without domestic opposition.
  • Louisiana Purchase - The Colorado History Project 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC thecoloradohistoryproject.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The Louisiana Purchase With the Louisiana Purchase, Thomas Jefferson initiated imperialistic policies in expanding American ideals across this continent and eventually throughout the world.
  • Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jefferson's philosophical consistency was in question because of his strict interpretation of the Constitution.^ Jefferson's philosophical consistency was in question because of his strict interpretation of the Constitution.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This troubled Jefferson, who believed in the strict interpretation of the Constitution.
  • 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC mrthompson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A strict constructionalist, Jefferson also believed that a U.S. president did not have the authority to engage in such a deal because it was not specified in the constitution, and that to do so would moreover erode states' rights by increasing federal executive power.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Many people believed he was being hypocritical by doing something he surely would have argued against with Alexander Hamilton.^ Many people believed he was being hypocritical by doing something he surely would have argued against with Alexander Hamilton.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Many people talk about spending their children’s inheritance but in reality they really want to leave them something.
  • Louisiana Life Insurance - Life Insurance Louisiana 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.1healthinsurance.net [Source type: News]

.The Federalists strongly opposed the purchase, favoring close relations with Britain over closer ties to Napoleon, believing the purchase to be unconstitutional, and concerned that the U.S. had paid a large sum of money just to declare war on Spain.^ The Federalists strongly opposed the purchase, favoring close relations with Britain over closer ties to Napoleon, believing the purchase to be unconstitutional, and concerned that the U.S. had paid a large sum of money just to declare war on Spain.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Urged by the Duke of Wellington to reach a settlement, and faced with the depletion of the British treasury due in large part to the heavy costs of the Napoleonic Wars, the negotiators for Great Britain accepted the Treaty of Ghent in December 1814.
  • THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC users.ncia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Needing money for a renewal of war against Britain, and fearing perhaps that the British might seize Lousiana for their own empire, Napoleon sells the entire region in 1803 to Thomas Jefferson's envoys in Paris.
  • History of NORTH AMERICA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historyworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States House of Representatives also opposed the purchase.^ The purchase doubled the size of the United States .
  • 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC mrthompson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the total purchase price seemed high, it was not beyond the means of the United States to pay it.
  • Teaching about the Louisiana Purchase. ERIC Digest. 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial Series in Louisiana History is the best single source of information for anyone interested in the history of Louisiana the colony, the original Louisiana Purchase territory, and its acquisition by the United States.
  • UL Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies: LPBS 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC cls.louisiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Majority Leader John Randolph led the opposition.^ John McArdle Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.
  • Keyword: louisiana 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The House called for a vote to deny the request for the purchase, but it failed by two votes 59-57. The Federalists even tried to prove the land belonged to Spain not France, but the papers proved otherwise.^ Hopefully most of you remember the real Louisiana Purchase when the US purchased from France land encompassing all or part of 14 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces.
  • The New $300 Million Louisiana Purchase on the Backs of Tax Payers … How Senator Mary Landrieu (D-La.) Vote was Bought for Obamacare | Scared Monkeys 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC scaredmonkeys.com [Source type: News]

^ Diving behind the scenes of the first major land acquisition by the young American Republic, Kukla brings up the events in France, Britain, Spain, Canada, and Haiti that created the Louisiana Sale that made the Louisiana Purchase possible.
  • Powell's Books - A Wilderness So Immense: The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America by Jon Kukla 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.powells.com [Source type: General]

^ The Missouri Reader: Ownership of the Land Under France, Spain and the United States.” Missouri Historical Review 44 (April 1950): 274-294.
  • Louisiana Purchase Bibliography - Research Guides - Online Resources - The State Historical Society of Missouri 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC shs.umsystem.edu [Source type: Academic]

[11] .The Federalists also feared that the political power of the Atlantic seaboard states would be threatened by the new citizens of the west, bringing about a clash of western farmers with the merchants and bankers of New England.^ The Federalists also feared that the political power of the Atlantic seaboard states would be threatened by the new citizens of the west, bringing about a clash of western farmers with the merchants and bankers of New England.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jefferson's scruples about the constitutionality of the purchase were overcome by his fears that Napoleon might change his mind (as intimated in reports from Livingston) and by the overwhelming public approval of the Louisiana Purchase (although there was some objection from Federalists, especially in New England).
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Control over this vast territory would halt the westward expansion of the young United States and would supply French Colonies in the West Indies with the goods they needed.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]
  • New Orleans, LA - The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

.There was concern that an increase in slave holding states created out of the new territory would exacerbate divisions between north and south, as well.^ The push to create new states out of the vast Louisiana territory led to dissension between North and South over whether the new states would be admitted as slave or free.
  • Jim Thomson | The Haitian Revolution and the Forging of America | The History Teacher, 34.1 | The History Cooperative 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was concern that an increase in slave holding states created out of the new territory would exacerbate divisions between north and south, as well.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ What great states have been carved out of this territory!
  • New York at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis 1904 by DeLancey M. Ellis - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/8) 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.A group of Federalists led by Massachusetts Senator Timothy Pickering went so far as to plan a separate northern confederacy, offering Vice President Aaron Burr the presidency of the proposed new country if he persuaded New York to join.^ A group of Federalists led by Massachusetts Senator Timothy Pickering went so far as to plan a separate northern confederacy, offering Vice President Aaron Burr the presidency of the proposed new country if he persuaded New York to join.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ THE ORGANIZATION OF THE COMMISSION By virtue of being first named by the Governor, Edward H. Harriman, of New York city, became President of the Commission, which completed its organization as follows: Vice-President, William Berri; Treasurer, Edward Lyman Bill.
  • New York at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis 1904 by DeLancey M. Ellis - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/8) 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In April 1901, Francis was elected president of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company and went on to help plan the St. Louis 1904 World's Fair.
  • Universal Exposition - Louisiana Purchase Exposition St. Louis 1904 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.scripophily.net [Source type: Academic]

.Burr's relationship with Alexander Hamilton, who helped bring an end to the nascent northern secession movement, soured during this period.^ Burr's relationship with Alexander Hamilton, who helped bring an end to the nascent northern secession movement, soured during this period.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Alexander Hamilton died a tragic death during this time period.
  • THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC users.ncia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The animosity between the two men grew during the 1801 election and ended with Hamilton's death in a duel with Burr in 1804.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The animosity between the two men ended with Hamilton's death in a duel with Burr in 1804.

Treaty signing

.On April 30, 1803, the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, called by some "the letter that bought a continent", was signed by Robert Livingston, James Monroe, and Barbé Marbois in Paris.^ The three agreements making up the Louisiana Purchase Treaty were signed on May 9, 1803.
  • History of the Louisiana Purchase from Barrister's Gallery 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.barristersgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The treaty, dated April 30, 1803, was signed several days later.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]
  • New Orleans, LA - The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ April 30, 1803 .
  • Louisiana Purchase: Haitian Revolution to Lewis & Clark Timeline 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.shmoop.com [Source type: General]

.Jefferson announced the treaty to the American people on July 4. After the signing of the Louisiana Purchase agreement in 1803, Livingston made this famous statement, "We have lived long, but this is the noblest work of our whole lives...From this day the United States take their place among the powers of the first rank."^ The Louisiana Purchase Treaty, 30th of April 1803.

^ Lousiana Purchase Treaty, 1803 .

^ The territory was acquired in 1803 by the United States by the Louisiana Purchase from France.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .The United States Senate ratified the treaty with a vote of twenty-four to seven on October 20; on the following day, it authorized President Jefferson to take possession of the territory and establish a temporary military government.^ At the time of the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, the United States was surrounded by alien territory.

^ The question on its ratification in the Senate was decided by twenty-four to seven.
  • Life of Jefferson: 29. The Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC etext.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Jefferson became president of the United States in 1801.
  • Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan and Activity 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In legislation enacted on October 31, Congress made temporary provisions for local civil government to continue as it had under French and Spanish rule and authorized the President to use military forces to maintain order.^ In legislation enacted on October 31, Congress made temporary provisions for local civil government to continue as it had under French and Spanish rule and authorized the President to use military forces to maintain order.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States Senate ratified the treaty with a vote of twenty-four to seven on October 20; on the following day, it authorized President Jefferson to take possession of the territory and establish a temporary military government.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Eighteen of the sixty-four parishes are governed under an alternative form of government under a Home Rule Charter.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Plans were also set forth for several missions to explore and chart the territory, the most famous being the Lewis and Clark Expedition.^ Background Information : Content Knowledge: Students will be familiar with events leading up to the Louisiana Purchase, transactions that took place regarding the Louisiana Purchase, and Lewis and Clark's Expedition.

^ Some congressmen, senators, and officials might have had trouble imagining the worth of a Lewis and Clark expedition, or even of acquiring an uncharted, perhaps useless wilderness.
  • The White House Historical Association > Classroom 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.whitehousehistory.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Defend an opposing viewpoint-if you are an American Indian, defend the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
  • Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan and Activity 2 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Original source]

.France turned New Orleans over on December 20, 1803 at The Cabildo.^ Spain officially turned over New Orleans to France on November 30, 1803 and on December 20, 1803, France turned over New Orleans to the U. S. in the Sala Capitular in the Cabildo.
  • History of the Louisiana Purchase from Barrister's Gallery 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.barristersgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1801, President Thomas Jefferson decided to send his envoy, Robert Livingston, to France in order to purchase New Orleans.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]
  • New Orleans, LA - The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ On December 20, 1803, the American troops marched into New Orleans, the colors of France were hauled down and the stars and stripes floated over the city and gave protection to the territory.
  • Terry's 1904 World's Fair Page -- The Louisiana Purchase Treaty 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tlaupp.com [Source type: Original source]

On March 10, 1804, a formal ceremony was conducted in St. Louis to transfer ownership of the territory from France to the United States.
.Effective on October 1, 1804, the purchased territory was organized into the Territory of Orleans (most of which became the state of Louisiana) and the District of Louisiana, which was temporarily under the control of the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory.^ Effective on October 1, 1804, the purchased territory was organized into the Orleans Territory (most of which became the state of Louisiana) and the District of Louisiana, which was temporarily under the control of the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thirteen states were carved from the Louisiana Territory.

^ In 1804 the territory was divided into two governmentsnamely, "Territory of Orleans " and " District of Louisiana."

Boundaries

The Purchase was one of several territorial additions to the U.S.
.The tributaries of the Mississippi were held as the boundaries by the United States.^ The tributaries of the Mississippi were held as the boundaries.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thinking Beyond the Edge So it was that the United States acquired the whole of the Mississippi River and its western tributaries, about 828,000 square miles of territory, rich areas of farmland, and fantastic natural resources.
  • The White House Historical Association > Classroom 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.whitehousehistory.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They came from every state and territory held by the United States from 1803 to 1812 and settled in every part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Historical Perspectives, 1682-1815 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.lib.lsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Estimates that did exist as to the extent and composition of the purchase were initially based on the explorations of Robert LaSalle.^ Estimates that did exist as to the extent and composition of the purchase were initially based on the explorations of Robert LaSalle.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.A dispute immediately arose between Spain and the United States regarding the extent of Louisiana.^ He decided to sell Louisiana to the United States.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ French foreign minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand opened negotiations by asking the surprised Livingston what the United States would give for all of Louisiana.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The revelation in 1801 of the secret agreement of 1800, whereby Spain retroceded Louisiana to France, aroused uneasiness in the United States both because Napoleonic France was an aggressive power and because Western settlers depended on the Mississippi River for commerce.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.The territory's boundaries had not been defined in the 1762 Treaty of Fontainebleau that ceded it from France to Spain, nor the 1800 Third Treaty of San Ildefonso ceding it back to France, nor the 1803 Louisiana Purchase agreement ceding it to the United States.^ The Louisiana Purchase Treaty, 30th of April 1803.

^ From then until the United States acquired the territory in the Louisiana Purchase on December 20, 1803, France and Spain traded control of the region's colonial empire.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lousiana Purchase Treaty, 1803 .

[13] .The United States claimed Louisiana included the entire western portion of the Mississippi River drainage basin to the crest of the Rocky Mountains and land extending southeast to the Rio Grande.^ Mississippi River ( in Mississippi River (river, United States): Early settlement and exploration ) history of United States .
  • Louisiana Purchase (United States history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ He decided to sell Louisiana to the United States.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The purchase extended westward to the Rocky Mountains.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spain insisted that Louisiana comprised no more than the western bank of the Mississippi River and the cities of New Orleans and St. Louis.[14] .The relatively narrow Louisiana of New Spain had been a special province under the jurisdiction of the Captaincy General of Cuba while the vast region to the west was in 1803 still considered part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas.^ Submitted by TripSmarter.Com on September 4, 2008 New Orleans, LA - The huge province of Louisiana was originally settled by the French in the early 18th Century but in 1762 it was ceded to Spain by a "secret" treaty.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ On July 14, 1803, the treaty reached Washington D.C. The Louisiana territory was vast, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico in the south to Rupert's Land in the north, and from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans, LA - The huge province of Louisiana was originally settled by the French in the early 18th Century but in 1762 it was ceded to Spain by a "secret" treaty.
  • New Orleans, LA - The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

.Louisiana had never been considered to be one of New Spain's internal provinces.^ New Orleans, LA - The huge province of Louisiana was originally settled by the French in the early 18th Century but in 1762 it was ceded to Spain by a "secret" treaty.
  • New Orleans, LA - The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ Submitted by TripSmarter.Com on September 4, 2008 New Orleans, LA - The huge province of Louisiana was originally settled by the French in the early 18th Century but in 1762 it was ceded to Spain by a "secret" treaty.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ For nearly 300 years Louisiana was one of the areas in the world most sought after by the three major powers of Europe: Spain, France, and Great Britain.

[15]
.If the territory included all the tributaries of the Mississippi on its western bank, the northern reaches of the Purchase extended into the equally ill-defined British possession—Rupert's Land of British North America, now part of Canada.^ If the territory included all the tributaries of the Mississippi on its northern side, the northern reaches of the Purchase extended into the equally ill-defined British possession—Rupert's Land of British North America, now part of Canada.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ British North America: from AD 1783 .
  • History of NORTH AMERICA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historyworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The Purchase originally extended just beyond the 50th parallel.^ The Purchase originally extended just beyond the 50th parallel.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.However, the territory north of the 49th parallel including the Milk River and Poplar River watersheds was ceded to the UK in exchange for parts of the Red River Basin south of 49th parallel in the Anglo-American Convention of 1818.^ However, the territory north of the 49th parallel such as the Red River Basin, Milk River, and Poplar River watershed was ceded to the UK in the Anglo-American Convention of 1818.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The new border runs from the Gulf of Mexico up the Sabine river, then goes west along the Red river, north up the 100th meridian, west along the Arkansas river, north up the Rockies and west along the 42nd parallel to the Pacific.
  • History of NORTH AMERICA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historyworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The eastern boundary of the Louisiana purchase was the Mississippi River, from its source to the 31st parallel, although the source of the Mississippi was then unknown.^ The eastern boundary of the Louisiana purchase was the Mississippi River, from its source to the 31st parallel, although the source of the Mississippi was then unknown.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The vast boundaries of colonial Louisiana included part or all of at least ten states: Alabama (western part), Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana (eastern part), Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Tennessee.

^ The Louisiana Purchase has been described as the greatest real estate deal in history - approximately 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River stretching from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border.
  • TAHPDX Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.upa.pdx.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The eastern boundary below the 31st parallel was unclear; the U.S. claimed the land as far as the Perdido River, and Spain claimed the border of its Florida Colony remained the Mississippi river.^ The eastern boundary of the Louisiana purchase was the Mississippi River, from its source to the 31st parallel, although the source of the Mississippi was then unknown.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The eastern boundary below the 31st parallel was unclear; the U.S. claimed the land as far as the Perdido River; Spain claimed the border of its Florida Colony remained the Mississippi river.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eastern boundary below the 31st parallel was unclear; the U.S. claimed the land as far as the Perdido River, and Spain claimed the border of its Florida Colony remained the Mississippi river.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.In early 1804, Congress passed the Mobile Act which recognized West Florida as being part of the United States.^ But the United States Congress hastily passed legislation authorizing the Purchase.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Historical Perspectives, 1682-1815 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.lib.lsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Control over this vast territory would halt the westward expansion of the young United States and would supply French Colonies in the West Indies with the goods they needed.
  • The Louisiana Purchase...200 Years! - New Orleans, LA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.tripsmarter.com [Source type: General]

^ A Good Book In December 1803 the French prefect turned the lower part of the Louisiana Territory over to the United States.
  • The White House Historical Association > Classroom 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.whitehousehistory.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Treaty with Spain of 1819 resolved the issue.^ The Treaty with Spain of 1819 resolved the issue.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The result is the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, by which Spain sells Florida to the USA for $5 million and the waiving of any American claim to Texas.
  • History of NORTH AMERICA 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historyworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Today, the 31st parallel is the northern boundary of the western half of the Florida Panhandle, and the Perdido is the western boundary of Florida.^ Today, the 31st parallel is the northern boundary of the western half of the Florida Panhandle, and the Perdido is the boundary between Florida and Alabama.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Its boundaries stretched as far east as the Perdido River, about halfway between present-day Mobile, Alabama, and Pensacola, Florida.

^ The eastern boundary of the Louisiana purchase was the Mississippi River, from its source to the 31st parallel, although the source of the Mississippi was then unknown.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The southern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase (versus New Spain) was initially unclear at the time of purchase; the Neutral Ground Treaty of 1806 created the Sabine Free State during the interim and the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 began to lay down official dividing lines.^ Mary Landrieu was the new "Louisiana Purchase."
  • Keyword: louisiana 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The southern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase was initially unclear; the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 began to lay down official dividing lines.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The southern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase (versus New Spain) was initially unclear at the time of purchase; the Neutral Ground Treaty of 1806 created the Sabine Free State during the interim and the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 began to lay down official dividing lines.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The western boundary was unknown but the Adams-Onis treaty set it as follows: It followed the Sabine River to the 32nd parallel, then ran due north to the Red River, then the Red River to the 100th meridian, which it followed to the Arkansas River, then the Arkansas River to its headwaters, then due north to the 42nd parallel, which it followed to the Pacific Ocean.^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the territory north of the 49th parallel such as the Red River Basin, Milk River, and Poplar River watershed was ceded to the UK in the Anglo-American Convention of 1818.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The southern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase was initially unclear; the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 began to lay down official dividing lines.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Asserting U.S. possession

Plan of Fort Madison, built in 1808 to establish U.S. control over the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase; drawn 1810.
.After the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the U.S. government sought to establish control of the region, since trade along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers were still dominated by British and French traders and allied Indians, especially the Sauk.^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plans were also set forth for a mission to explore and chart the territory, which would become known as the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the late 17th century, French expeditions, which included sovereign, religious and commercial aims, established a foothold on the Mississippi River and Gulf Coast.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fort Bellefontaine was converted into a U.S. military post near St. Louis in 1804. In 1808 two military forts with trading factories were built, Fort Osage along the Missouri River and Fort Madison along the upper Mississippi River. .During the War of 1812 Great Britain and allied Indians defeated U.S. forces in the Upper Mississippi; both Fort Osage and Fort Madison were abandoned, as were several U.S. forts built during the war including Fort Johnson and Fort Shelby.^ France ceded most of its territory to the east of the Mississippi to Great Britain in the aftermath of the Seven Years' War or French and Indian War , as it was known in North America.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ War broke out between England and the United States in 1812, and Great Britain began to plan the conquest of Louisiana, which failed when the Battle of New Orleans was lost.

^ There is one quirk in this division important to the genealogist: New Orleans, built on the east bank of the Mississippi River, should have gone to Great Britain but went to Spain instead.

.After U.S. ownership of the region was confirmed in the Treaty of Ghent, the U.S. built or expanded forts along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, including the expansion of Fort Bellefontaine, and the construction of Fort Armstrong (1816) and Fort Edwards (1816) in Illinois, Fort Crawford (1816) in Prairie du Chien, Fort Snelling (1819) in Minnesota, and Fort Atkinson (1819) in Nebraska.^ The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River which had become increasingly vital to the growing trade of their western territories.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The land purchased contained all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota south of Mississippi River, much of North Dakota, nearly all of South Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, northern Texas, the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide, and Louisiana on both sides of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans.
  • Louisiana Purchase? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The vast boundaries of colonial Louisiana included part or all of at least ten states: Alabama (western part), Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana (eastern part), Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Tennessee.

[16]

Financing

Map of current US states that were completely or mostly located inside the borders of old colonial French Louisiana at the time of Louisiana Purchase
.The American government used $3 million in gold as a down payment, and issued bonds for the balance to pay France for the purchase.^ The American government used $3 million in gold as a down payment, and bonds for the balance to pay France for the purchase.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ U.S. envoys agreed to pay a total of $15 million to France; about $3,750,000 of this sum covered claims of U.S. citizens against France, which the U.S. government agreed to discharge.
  • Louisiana Purchase: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Louisiana Purchase Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Louisiana Purchase 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Though a State purchased from France by the national government, the convention declared that Louisiana "resumed the rights and powers heretofore delegated to the government Of the United States of America," its creator.

.Because of the impending war with Britain, French banks would not buy or market the American bonds.^ When the British won the French and Indian War , the British forcibly separated families and evicted them because of their long-stated political neutrality.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ France ceded most of its territory to the east of the Mississippi to Great Britain in the aftermath of the Seven Years' War or French and Indian War , as it was known in North America.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She does not need it in time of peace, and in war she could not depend on them, because they would be so easily intercepted.

The American diplomats Livingston and Monroe therefore recommended the firms of Baring and Company of London and Hope and Company of Amsterdam for the transaction which France agreed upon. .Because of their reputation as the two most stable financial houses in Europe and because Napoleon wanted to receive his money as quickly as possible, the French treasury minister Barbé-Marbois made arrangements with the two firms to convert the bonds France would receive into cash.^ The brokerage houses made more money on the deal than Napoleon.
  • History of the Louisiana Purchase from Barrister's Gallery 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.barristersgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of their reputation as the two most stable financial houses in Europe and because Napoleon wanted to receive his money as quickly as possible, the French treasury minister Barbé-Marbois made arrangements with the two firms to convert the bonds France would receive into cash.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The payment was made in United States bonds , which Napoleon sold at face value to the Dutch firm of Hope and Company , and the British banking house of Baring , at a discount of 87 1/2 per each $100 unit.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the American bonds had been delivered, the French government then sold them to Baring and Hope at a discount.^ Napoleon sold the bonds to Baring and Co.
  • History of the Louisiana Purchase from Barrister's Gallery 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.barristersgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the American bonds had been delivered, the French government then sold them to Baring and Hope at a discount.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The payment was made in United States bonds , which Napoleon sold at face value to the Dutch firm of Hope and Company , and the British banking house of Baring , at a discount of 87 1/2 per each $100 unit.
  • Louisiana encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The original sales document of the Louisiana Purchase was exhibited in the entrance hall of Baring's London offices until the bank's collapse in 1995 and is now in the custody of ING Group, which purchased Barings.^ The original sales document of the Louisiana purchase was exhibited in the entrance hall of Baring's London offices until the bank's collapse in 1995.
  • How did the louisiana purchase contribute to a greater sense of indepence? - Yahoo! Answers 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This book contains copies of documents pertaining to the purchase by the United States of the Louisiana territory, including the actual purchase agreement.
  • Jim Thomson | The Haitian Revolution and the Forging of America | The History Teacher, 34.1 | The History Cooperative 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The total cost of buying the Louisiana Purchase now is much greater than the inflation-adjusted value of the unimproved land.
  • Bailout costs more than Marshall Plan, Louisiana Purchase, moonshot, S&L bailout, Korean War, New Deal, Iraq war, Vietnam war, and NASA's lifetime budget -- *combined*! - Boing Boing 15 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: General]

[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ The American Pageant by David M. Kennedy, Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas A. Bailey
  2. ^ a b Table 1.1 Acquisition of the Public Domain 1781-1867
  3. ^ http://lsm.crt.state.la.us/cabildo/cab4.htm
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Godlewski, Guy; Napoléon et Les-États-Amis, P.320, La Nouvelle Revue Des Deux Mondes, July-September, 1977.
  6. ^ Meinig, D.W. The Shaping of America: Volume 2, Yale University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-300-06290-7
  7. ^ Duke, Marc; The du Ponts: Portrait of a Dynasty, P.77-83, Saturday Review Press, 1976
  8. ^ http://scholar.library.miami.edu/slaves/san_domingo_revolution/revolution.html
  9. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2008. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  10. ^ Malone, Michael P.; Roeder, Richard B., Lang, William L. (1991). Montana-A History of Two Centuries. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 30. ISBN 0295971290. 
  11. ^ Thomas, Fleming(2003). The Louisiana Purchase. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., P:149
  12. ^ http://www.lpb.org/education/tah/lapurchase/quotes.cfm
  13. ^ Schoultz, Lars (1998). Beneath the United States. Harvard University Press. pp. 15–16. ISBN 9780674922761.  online at Google Books
  14. ^ Hämäläinen, Pekka (2008). The Comanche Empire. Yale University Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-300-12654-9. 
  15. ^ Weber, David J. (1994). The Spanish Frontier in North America. Yale University Press. pp. 223, 293. ISBN 9780300059175.  online at Google Books
  16. ^ Prucha, Francis P. (1969) The Sword of the Republic: The United States Army on the Frontier 1783–1846. Macmillan, New York
  17. ^ http://www.tuchdesign.com/case-studies/in-print.html

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Simple English

File:U.S. Territorial
Map of territories gained by the U.S. The nation before the Louisiana Purchase is shown in light brown. The Louisiana Purchase is shown in white with black dots. Dots are shown where territory was disputed, or argued over, between the Louisiana Territory and another country.

The Louisiana Purchase was a purchase made by Thomas Jefferson in 1803. He bought the Louisiana territory from France, which was being led by Napoleon Bonaparte at the time, for $15,000,000 USD. At first the men sent to France were allowed to spend up to $10,000,000 USD in order to buy New Orleans and, if possible, the west bank of the Mississippi River. But then the French government said that for five million more dollars they would sell all of the Louisiana territory. Thomas Jefferson approved the deal and used his constitutional power to sign treaties to buy the land. Napoleon sold the land because he was desperate for money and he was afraid of losing his North American territories to the British. Napoleon Bonaparte had been busy with a war in Europe, and no matter how badly that Bonaparte wanted to go about in his interests with America, there was no way that he could do so with what he had been occupied in Europe with. Thomas Jefferson took this as an opportunity to enlarge America, even if it meant going against his republican principals of being a strict constitutionalist. [[File:|thumb|left|A map of the Louisiana Purchase compared to state boundaries in 2008. The Louisiana Purchase is shown in green overtop of what states would be formed from it.]] The purchase added 827,000 square miles and doubled the size of the U.S.. This included all of the states of Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, and part of the states of Louisiana, Texas, Minnesota, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota. It also included a small piece of land is now part of Canada. The city of St. Louis was in the territory, also.

The Louisiana Purchase is important because it gave the U.S. control of the Mississippi River and the port city of New Orleans, both of which were used by farmers to ship their crops and get paid. It also got rid of one country that might try to harm the new nation because France sold all of their North American territory.

The Lewis and Clark expedition explored the Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory. They started from St. Louis. Their route traced the Missouri River.

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Louisiana Purchase, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message