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Puʻukohola National Historic Site on the Big Island
Hāpaialiʻi and Keʻeku Heiau (above, left) on Kahaluʻu Bay

In ancient Hawai'i, a luakini temple, or luakini heiau, was a Native Hawaiian sacred place where human and animal blood sacrifices were offered.

In Hawaiian mythology, luakini heiaus were first established by Pa'ao, a legendary priest credited with establishing many of the rites and symbols typical of the stratified high chieftainships of the immediate pre-European-contact period. Modern archaeologists no longer believe in a historic Pa'ao, but many Native Hawaiians still believe that he was a historical figure, and often vilify him for introducing what they now see as the bloody, barbarous rites of the luakini heiau.

List of currently known or reputed luakini heiaus:

Oʻahu:

Maui:

Big Island of Hawaiʻi:

References

  1. ^ Van James, Ancient Sites of Hawaiʻi, 1995, Mutual Publishing, ISBN 978-1566472005, page 143
  2. ^ "Hoʻihoʻi Kulana Wahi pana - Restoring Sacred Places". Kamehameha Investment Corporation. 2008. http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/about/pdfs/kic_brochure.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-28.  

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