The Full Wiki

Luanda: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Luanda

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 8°50′18″S 13°14′04″E / 8.83833°S 13.23444°E / -8.83833; 13.23444

Luanda
formerly spelled Loanda
Luanda's waterfront
Luanda is located in Angola
Luanda
Location of Luanda in Angola
Coordinates: 8°50′18″S 13°14′4″E / 8.83833°S 13.23444°E / -8.83833; 13.23444
Country  Angola
Province Luanda Province
Founded 1575
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 4,799,432

Luanda (formerly spelled Loanda) is the capital and largest city of Angola. Located on Angola's coast with the Atlantic Ocean, Luanda is both Angola's chief seaport and administrative center and has a population of at least 5 million (2008)[1]. It is also the capital city of Luanda Province. Luanda is located at 8°50′18″S 13°14′04″E / 8.83833°S 13.23444°E / -8.83833; 13.23444 (-8.83833, 13.23444).[2] The city is currently undergoing a major reconstruction, with many large developments taking place that will alter the cityscape significantly.

Contents

History

Advertisements

Portuguese rule

Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda in 1575 as "São Paulo de Loanda", with a hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers. In 1618 the Portuguese built the fortress called Fortaleza São Pedro da Barra, subsequently building two more: Fortaleza de São Miguel (1634) and Forte de São Francisco do Penedo (1765-6). Of these, the Fortaleza de São Miguel is the best preserved.[3]

Luanda was Portuguese Angola's administrative centre from 1627, except during the Dutch rule of Luanda, from 1640 to 1648, as Fort Aardenburgh. The city served as the centre of a large slave trade to Brazil from c.1550 to 1836. The slave trade was conducted mostly with the Portuguese colony of Brazil; Brazilian ships were the most numerous in the ports of Luanda and Benguela. This slave trade also involved local black merchants and warriors who profited from the trade.[4]

In the 17th century, the Imbangala became the main rivals of the Mbundu in supplying slaves to the Luanda market. In the 1750s between 5,000 to 10,000 slaves were annually sold.[5] By this time, Angola, a Portuguese colony, was in fact like a colony of Brazil, paradoxically another Portuguese colony. A strong degree of Brazilian influence was noted in Luanda until the Independence of Brazil in 1822. In the 19th century, still under Portuguese rule, Luanda experienced a major economic revolution. The slave trade was abolished in 1836, and in 1844 Angola's ports were opened to foreign shipping. By 1850, Luanda was one of the greatest and most developed Portuguese cities in the vast Portuguese Empire outside Mainland Portugal, full of trading companies, exporting (together with Benguela) palm and peanut oil, wax, copal, timber, ivory, cotton, coffee, and cocoa, among many other products. Maize, tobacco, dried meat and cassava flour also began to be produced locally. The Angolan bourgeoisie was born by this time.

In 1889 Governor Brito Capelo opened the gates of an aqueduct which supplied the city with water, a formerly scarce resource, laying the foundation for major growth. Like most of Portuguese Angola, the cosmopolitan[6] city of Luanda was not affected by the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974); economic growth and development in the entire region reached record highs during this period. In 1972 a report called Luanda the "Paris of Africa".[7][8]

Independence from Portugal

By the time of Angolan independence in 1975, Luanda was a modern city and the majority of the city's population was of Portuguese origin. After the Carnation Revolution in April 1974, with the advent of independence and the start of the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002), most of the Portuguese left as refugees,[9] principally for Portugal, with many travelling overland to South Africa. There was an immediate crisis, because the local African population lacked the skills and knowledge needed to run the city and maintain its well-developed infrastructure. The large numbers of skilled technicians among the force of Cuban soldiers sent in to support the MPLA government in the Angolan Civil War were able to make a valuable contribution to restoring and maintaining basic services in the city. However, slums called musseques stretched for miles beyond Luanda's former city limits, as a result of the decades-long civil war, and because of the rise of deep social inequalities due to large-scale migration of civil war refugees from other Angolan regions. For decades, Luanda's facilities were not adequately expanded to handle this massive increase in the city's population. After 2002, with the end of the civil war and high economic growth rates fuelled by the wealth provided by the increasing oil and diamond production, major reconstruction started.

Geography and climate

Luanda is divided into two parts, the Baixa de Luanda (lower Luanda, the old city) and the Cidade Alta (upper city or the new part). The Baixa de Luanda is situated next to the port, and has narrow streets and old colonial buildings.

Luanda is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop. It is also the location of most of Angola's educational institutions, including the private Catholic University of Angola and the public University of Agostinho Neto. It is also the home of the colonial Governor's Palace and the Estádio da Cidadela (the "Citadel Stadium"), Angola's main stadium, with a total seating capacity of 60,000.

Under the Koppen climate classification, Luanda features a hot semi-arid climate. The climate is hot and humid but surprisingly dry, owing to the cool Benguela Current, which prevents moisture from easily condensing into rain. Frequent fog prevents temperatures from falling at night even during the completely dry months from June to October. Luanda has an annual rainfall of 323 millimetres (12.7 in), but the variability is among the highest in the world, with a co-efficient of variation above 40 percent[10]. The short rainy season in March and April depends on a northerly counter current bringing moisture to the city: it has been shown clearly that weakness in the Benguela current can increase rainfall about sixfold compared with years when that current is strong.

Weather data for Luanda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
36
(97)
32
(90)
29
(84)
28
(82)
29
(84)
32
(90)
37
(99)
34
(93)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
26
(79)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
20
(68)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
14
(57)
14
(57)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
19
(66)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
36
(1.42)
76
(2.99)
117
(4.61)
13
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
5
(0.2)
28
(1.1)
20
(0.79)
323
(12.72)
Source: BBC Weather [11] 2009-08-19

Demographics

Population of Luanda, 1750-2007

The inhabitants of Luanda are primarily members of African ethnic groups, including the Ovimbundu, Kimbundu and Bakongo. The official and the most widely used language is Portuguese, although many Bantu-related indigenous languages are also used. There is a small population of European origin, especially Portuguese.

The population of Luanda has exploded in recent years, due in large part to war-time migration to the city, which is safe compared to the rest of the country.[12] However, Luanda has recently seen an increase in violent crime, particularly in the shanty towns that surround the colonial urban core.[13]

Economy

Luanda01.JPG

Around one-third of Angolans live in Luanda, 57% of whom live in poverty. Living conditions in Luanda are extremely poor, with essential services such as safe drinking water still in short supply.[14] Luanda is the world's most expensive city, ahead of several Japanese & European cities.[1] Manufacturing includes processed foods, beverages, textiles, cement and other building materials, plastic products, metalware, cigarettes, and shoes/clothes. Petroleum (found in nearby off-shore deposits) is refined in the city, although this facility was repeatedly damaged during the Angolan Civil War (1975–2002). Luanda has an excellent natural harbour; the chief exports are coffee, cotton, sugar, diamonds, iron, and salt. The city also has a thriving building industry, an effect of the nationwide economic boom experienced since 2002, when political stability returned with the end of the civil war. Economic growth is largely supported by oil extraction activities, although massive diversification is taking place. Large investment (Domestic and International), along with strong economic growth, has dramatically increased construction of all economic sectors in the city of Luanda.[15]

TAAG Angolan Airlines has its head office in Luanda.[16]

Transportation

Luanda is the starting point of the Luanda railway that goes due east to Malanje. The civil war left the railway non-functional, but a Chinese firm has taken up a contract to rebuild many Angolan railways, including the Luanda Railway which has almost been completed (Oct. 2009.[17]

The main airport of Luanda is Quatro de Fevereiro Airport, which acts as the largest in the country. Currently, Luanda has a major International Airport under construction in the southern part of the city, which is expected to be opened in 2011.[18]

The port of Luanda is currently serves as the largest port of Angola, and connects Angola to the rest of the world. Major expansion of this port is also taking place, with the completion of a new complex just last year, the port is expanding rapidly.[19]

Luanda's roads are currently in a poor state of repair, but are currently undergoing a massive reconstruction process by the government in order to relieve traffic congestion in the city. Major road repairs can be found taking place in nearly every neighborhood, including a major 6-lane highway connected Luanda to Viana, which is nearing partial completion in October.[20] Many of the citizens of Luanda rely on privately owned combi taxis for transport, although recently the city has invested more into a public bus system.

Major Reconstruction

Angola, which is forecast to be one of the world's fastest growing economies [15], has been undergoing a massive national reconstruction. The central government allocates funds to all regions of the country, but the capital region receives the bulk of these funds. Since the end of the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002), stability has been widespread in the country, and major reconstruction has been ongoing since 2002.

Major reconstruction in Luanda has been in nearly all aspects of society. Major road rehabilitation, including road widening, application of asphalt, and re-routing efforts are all currently being done throughout Luanda. The Brazilian construction firm Odebrechet, are currently constructing two six-lane highways. One highway will provide speedy access to Cacuaco, Viana, Samba, and the Kilamba Kiaxi district of Luanda to the new airport of Luanda.[21] The other highway will connect the city center of Luanda to Viana, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2008.[21]

Major social housing is also being constructed to house those who currently reside in slums, which dominate the landscape of Luanda. A large Chinese firm has been given a contract to construct the majority of replacement housing in Luanda.[22] The Angolan minister of health recently stated poverty in Angola will be overcome by an increase in jobs and the housing of every citizen.[23]

Notable residents

  • Hugo Ferreira, lead singer of the band Tantric, was born and lived very briefly in Luanda.
  • Kabongo, artist, prolific production of oil paintings depicting contemporary scenes (e.g. markets).

Sister cities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Calculated from the results of the 2007/08 voters' registration (2.4 milliuon)and an adult population of about 47% (over the age of 18)
  2. ^ NGA: Country Files
  3. ^ Portuguese Colonial Remains
  4. ^ João C. Curto. Álcool e Escravos: O Comércio Luso-Brasileiro do Álcool em Mpinda, Luanda e Benguela durante o Tráfico Atlântico de Escravos (c. 1480-1830) e o Seu Impacto nas Sociedades da África Central Ocidental. Translated by Márcia Lameirinhas. Tempos e Espaços Africanos Series, vol. 3. Lisbon: Editora Vulgata, 2002. ISBN 978-972-8427-24-5
  5. ^ Njoku, Onwuka N. (1997). Mbundu. pp. 38–39.  
  6. ^ a b "Mayor's International Council Sister Cities Program". Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. http://www.pbh.gov.br/bh-internacional/bhz-acordos_irmas.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  7. ^ "Angola antes da Guerra", a film of Luanda, Portuguese Angola (before 1975)
  8. ^ "Luanda Anos Ouro" a film of Luanda, Portuguese Angola (before 1975)
  9. ^ Flight from Angola, The Economist (August 16, 1975).
  10. ^ Dewar, Robert E. and Wallis, James R; "Geographical patterning in interannual rainfall variability in the tropics and near tropics: An L-moments approach"; in Journal of Climate, 12; pp. 3457-3466
  11. ^ "Average Conditions Luanda, Angola". BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000050. Retrieved August 19, 2009.  
  12. ^ International Spotlight: Angola
  13. ^ ANGOLA: Easy access to guns concern as election nears
  14. ^ Keeping the flow in Angola's slums, Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom (February 13, 2009)
  15. ^ a b http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10316212
  16. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March-5 April 2004. 77.
  17. ^ http://www.chinainternationalfund.com/projects1.asp?Id=284
  18. ^ http://www.chinainternationalfund.com/projects1.asp?Id=283
  19. ^ http://www.scottwilson.com/projects/transportation/maritime/luanda_oil_service_centre.aspx
  20. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/200808180008.html
  21. ^ a b http://www.otal.com/angola/
  22. ^ http://www.chinainternationalfund.com/projects1.asp?Id=287
  23. ^ http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/pt_pt/noticias/economia/Pobreza-sera-combatida-com-emprego-habitacoes-sociais-diz-ministro-adjunto,d4542ae2-820b-4c6b-bdee-85dc280983b5.html
  24. ^ C.M. Porto

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Luanda is the capital of Angola. It is on the Angola's Atlantic coast. Its current renaissance is a truly inspiring sucess story. In recent history, the center of decades of conflict, the start of the 21st century has seen a massive boom in construction in Luanda, where peace and stability have attracted numerous foreign companies to invest in offices in the city. The government of Angola, getting rich off revenue from oil, diamond, and other natural resources, is also investing heavily in and around Luanda, including large social housing highrises to replace slums and existing dilapidated (and often bullet-ridden) highrises; extensive repaving; the construction of several six-lane highways leading out of the city; the reconstruction of railroad lines leading out of the city; and a large new airport on the south side set to open in 2011.

Understand

History

Luanda was founded in 1575 under the name São Paulo de Loanda by a hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers. Two forts were constructed in the early 17th century and the city became Portuguese Angola's administrative center in 1627. From the late 16th century until 1836, Luanda was port where nearly all slaves bound for Brazil left. Aside from a brief period of Dutch rule (1640-48), this time period was relatively uneventful, with Luanda growing much like many other colonial cities, albeit with a strong Brazilian influence as a result of the extensive shipping trade between these Portuguese colonies. With the independence of Brazil in 1822 and the end of slavery in 1836 left Luanda's future looking bleak, but the opening of the city's port to foreign ships in 1844 led the a great economic boom. By 1850, the city was arguably the most developed and one of the greatest cities in the Portuguese empire outside Portugal itself and fueled by trade in palm and peanut oil, wax, copal, timber, ivory, cotton, coffee, and cocoa. Numerous imported crops grew well in the surrounding area to support residents, such as maize, tobacco, and cassava. In 1889, an aqueduct opened, supplying fresh water and removing the only inhibitor to growth in the city. The city blossomed even during the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-74), which did not affect the city, and this modern city was even labeled the "Paris of Africa" in 1972.

Luanda was not left in a great state by the end of the Civil War.
Luanda was not left in a great state by the end of the Civil War.

After so much success, the city took a turn for the worse in the mid-1970s. While largely untouched during the Carnation Revolution (Angolan independence), the start of the Angolan Civil War in 1975 scared almost all Angola's population of Portuguese descent out of the country as refugees (including the majority of Luanda's population). This led to an immediate crisis as Angola's African population knew little about how to run or maintain the city. They were helped a little by skilled Cuban soldiers who were able to help the MDLA government maintain some of the city's basic services, but hundreds of thousands of refugees who fled fighting in the countryside created slums stretching for miles on all sides of the city. The city saw some sporadic fighting during the Civil War which left bullet holes in many highrises and government building. When peace was reached in 2002, the government began planning to rebuild using oil revenues. Today Luanda's skyline is dotted with cranes, erecting numerous social housing highrises to replace slums and existing, but grossly dilapidated, 40-plus year old highrises as well as offices for numerous foreign companies operating in Angola. Just South of Luanda in an area aptly called Luanda Sul, Western-standard housing, many compound style, is being built for the growing expat community. Major improvements are being made to roads, highways, and the rail system in and around the city but there is yet an overwhelming amount of work to be done. And while certainly still home to a large impoverished population (59%), free housing and the creation of thousands of new jobs each year means that Luanda may in years to come have a bright future ahead.

Luanda recieves most nearly all its rain in March & April.
Luanda recieves most nearly all its rain in March & April.

The climate is largely influence by the offshore Benguela current. The current gives the city a surprisingly low humidity despite its low latitude, which makes the warmer months considerably more bearable than similar cities in Western/Central Africa. The city receives an average of 323mm (12.7in) of rain a year, mostly in March and April and no rain from June through October. However, this is quite variable depending on the strength of the current and the coefficient of variation is 40% (there can be a sixfold difference between rain received in the driest of years and wettest of years). The temperatures are fairly stable year-round, with the coldest months being July (24 max/19 min)and August and the warmest months being January (31 max/25 min) to April.

Orientation

Luanda can be divided into four main sections: Baixa de Luanda (lower Luanda, the colonial city), Cidade Alta (upper city, newer city), Ilha de Luanda (a skinny peninsula surrounding the bay, part of the colonial city), and the slums circumscribing the city.

Get in

By plane

Despite the city's very low tourist number, it has a surprisingly large number of international connections, which largely service Angolans living abroad (such as Brazil) and the growing number of firms servicing the oil and diamond industries as well as reconstruction (done largely by Chinese workers and Brazilian firms). A couple carriers still operate routes based on Cold War alliances (to Havana & Moscow).

The city is the hub of national carrier TAAG Angola Airlines, one of just three profitable airlines in Sub-Saharan Africa, which offers flights to 15 Angolan cities. They offer flights to many cities in West-Central/Southern Africa including daily flights to Johannesburg as well as Douala, Cameroon; Sal, Cape Verde; Bangui, CAR; Kinshasa, DRC; Brazzaville & Pointe Noire in the Congo; Windhoek, Namibia; Sao Tome, Sao Tome and Principe; Lusaka, Zambia; Harare, Zimbabwe. Their long-haul offerings include: Dubai, Beijing (via Dubai), Lisbon, Paris, and trans-Atlantic flights to Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Salvador de Bahia in Brazil.

Aside from TAAG, two Angolan airlines (Air Gemini & SonAir) serve about a dozen airports each around the country. International service includes flights to/from: Frankfurt (Lufthansa), London-Heathrow (BA), Paris-de Gaulle (Air France), Windhoek (Air Namibia), Brussels (Brussels Airlines), Havana (Cubana, seasonal), Moscow (Aeroflot), Dubai (Emirates, begins 25 Oct. 09), Beijing (Hainan, via Dubai), Addis Ababa (Ethiopian), Lisbon (TAP Portugal).

Delta Air Lines was to commence weekly flights from Atlanta (via Sal) in June 2009, but delayed its large African expansion until 2010 due to the financial crisis. TAAG was removed from the EU blacklist in July 2009 and (as of Aug 09) is expected to introduce more flights to Europe in the near future (specifically London-Gatwick). The airline had sought to begin a service to Houston, USA when it received new Boeing 777-200ERs in 2006, but was rejected for its poor maintenance/safety record.

When leaving the country do not take any Kwanza to the airport as it is illegal to try to take Kwanza out of the country; you may be stopped by the fiscal police and receive a heavy fine (all your Kwanza taken and most of your other money) or imprisoned.

By train

There are a few short passenger lines, but they are not very safe. Angola once had the most extensive rail network in Africa while under colonial rule. All but a couple short link fell into grave disrepair during the war for independence and civil war. It is currently undergoing extensive reconstruction and modernization by Chinese firms and should be restored to its former glory in the early 2010s.

By car

The main road for tourists will be the coastal highway leading north to the DRC and South to Namibia. It is very scenic and in reasonably good repair. Roads are one of the top priorities in reconstruction efforts, including a handful of six-lane highways leading out of the city. Expect a mix of okay pavement on old highways and a smooth ride on new roads.

By bus

The National Bus Service has just re-opened but routes are not organized yet. There are some local services in Luanda and in between cities.

By boat

As of 2007, there was a ferry operating from Luanda to the Cabinda exclave, useful to avoid a transit of the DRC. It takes 14 hours and costs $180 (including a bike), so you may be better off flying.

Congestion is a fact of life in Luanda. (Av. dos Combatentes)
Congestion is a fact of life in Luanda. (Av. dos Combatentes)

By minibus

The government is currently investing in an expansive a bus system and attract Luandans to use it.

By taxi

A popular means for locals to get around the city is by mini bus taxis (Candongueiros), easily identifiable by their pale blue and white. These are however considered dangerous for tourists, and a large number of locals warn against and avoid them too. However, if you like living dangerously, they prove to be an exhilarating experience that is sure to give you an adrenaline rush.

Consider to use the Macon Taxi a private taxi company (around 20 / 30 USD trip).

Eco Tur also do 4x4 / minibus hire and airport transfers with bilingual drivers (paul@eco-tur.com) +244 912 501 387

Another company called B Home will provide airport pick ups and are available for hire (drivers) +244 222 264 423 B Home has offices in Luanda, Angola and in Houston, Texas. +1-281-444-5988 (Houston Office) Click here to visit B Home's site

A new company Afri-taxi started operations at the beginning of January 2010, in time for the African Cup of Nations soccer tournament. The company will have 150 vehicles in Luanda and a rank at the airport.

By car

The roads in Luanda are generally of okay standard, as is the case on the main routes between cities, but elsewhere road quality greatly decreases. Don't be surprised if you encounter unexpected problems during the rainy season. In Luanda main streets are paved, but streets in the slums are in disrepair, and most roads have no lines or signals. As mentioned before, there are improvements being made throughout the city. Congestion is a major problem with lack of public transport and the plethora of minibus taxis.

Bahia de Luanda, the beautiful natural harbor Luanda surrounds, as seen from the fort.
Bahia de Luanda, the beautiful natural harbor Luanda surrounds, as seen from the fort.
  • Augostinho Neto Mausoleum, +244222334835. Upon arrival in Luanda, it is impossible to miss the towering obelisk-like structure shooting above the rest of the city. If you're curious to know what it is and why it is there, it's a mausoleum dedicated to Augustinho Neto, the first President of Angola who helped in Angola's struggle for independence.  edit
  • Fortaleza de São Miguel. Built in 1576, it became the administrative center of Luanda during the early part of colonial rule and was a self-contained city for the early military garrison and an important holding place for slaves. It contains ornate wall tiles detailing the history of the city along with many relics, such as cannons and the original holding cells for slaves.  edit
  • National Museum of Slavery (Museu Nacional da Escravatura), +244222371622. 9 AM to 6 PM. Built in the area where the slaves were held prior to being taken off to the Americas, most of them to Brazil. The museum features many photos of the slaves and Luanda during the days of slavery. The museum building is the Capa de Casa Grande, which is where they baptized slaves prior to sending them off to the Americas.  edit
  • National Museum of Natural History, +244222334055. A museum filled with thousands of species of animals, including fish, birds, crustaceons, and insects. Many of the displayed animals are endangered, and some are even extinct. The museum does an impecable job of displaying the large amount of diverse organisms that inhabit and once inhabited this nation.  edit
  • National Museum of Anthropology (Museu Nacional de Antropologia), +244222337024, [1]. Dedicated to educating people about Angolan history and culture, the National Museum of Anthropology features an impressive array of traditional masks along with art, sculptures, tools, weaponry, jewelry, clothing, and musical instruments. Free.  edit
  • Fortaleza de São Pedro da Barra. A fortress that served a variety of purposes throughout its history. It was originally constructed in the 17th century to protect the area from invaders. When the slave trade began, it was then used as a keep for the slaves until they were ready to send them away. Throughout Angola's struggle for independence against Portugal from 1961-1975, the fort housed nationalists who were arrested and then forced into labor camps.  edit
  • Igreja Nossa Senhora do Pópulo (Igreja da Sé). Considered to be the first Anglican Church, it is one of Luanda's most treasured cultural and historical sites. The current structure dates back to 1482. Aside from its religious significance, the unique Baroque architecture and the lavish interior attract many visitors.  edit
  • Igreja do Carmo. Built in 1669, this church  edit
  • Igreja da Nazare. A church built in 1664. It is famous for its beautiful altar made of Italian rose marble.  edit
  • Humbi-Humbi Art Gallery.  edit

Drive down the beautiful bay.

Additionally, you MUST try the Benfica market, which sells everything from perfume to ivory to animal skins and tourist guidebooks. Also take the boat out to Mussulo, the best beach in town.

Work

Jobs are mainly available in the oil sector, but also in the increasing number of international Angola based companies which are investing in Angola now that peace and stability are offering great development prospects for the country. It started giving life to every body in the country.

Luanda skyline
Luanda skyline

Local crafts, they are at extraordinary low prices, check out the Benfica HandCrafts Market just south of Luanda.

  • Doniel Tomas (Constantino), Maianga Luanda, +244924091680.  edit
  • Belas Shopping, [2]. 9 AM to 10 PM. Opened in 2007, it is Angola's first shopping mall. It features nearly 100 different shops, a movie theater, a variety of restaurants, and a central square for live entertainment.  edit
  • Roque Santeiro. Open from 5 AM to 7 PM (typically), Tues. to Sun. An open-air market, said to be the largest in Africa. It was named after a Brazilian soap opera by the same name that was popular in Angola when the market was established in the 1980s.  edit

Eat

The majority of restaurants are on The Marginal or on Ilha De Luanda. Be careful when eating out do not to drink the tap water.

  • Ilha de Luanda is where Luanda's elite go to dine and have fun.

The Belas Shopping mall has a food court with a variety of options from local foods to pizza and burgers.

  • Panela de Barro
  • Chez Wu Chinese
  • Macau Chinese
  • Fortaleza
  • Coconuts
  • Cais de Quatro
  • Pimm's
  • Espaço Baia.
  • Chill Out (Party)
  • Mia* mi (Eat)
  • Don Quixote
  • eden Club, ilha de Luanda, +244924991999, [3]. 22h00. Discoteca;Dj licinho bruno AG Clessio dance, semba, house, and salsa. 22usd.  edit

Luanda city is largely influenced by Portuguese culture, - Portuguese beer is widely consumed, although Heineken and Carlsberg make an appearance. Cristal, Super Bock, Sagres, and Cristal (most consumed) are the most consumed beers from Portugal. Besides, you may find a broad range of local beers such as Nocal, Cuca (the most consumed - especially the excellent draught version, or "fino" in Portuguese)and Eka. Surrounding countries also try to find lucrative market, so don't be surprise when in other beer brands are served in local restaurants. Try Portugalia (Portuguese Beer House) at the beginning of the Ilha, or either of the two boat clubs just on the Ilha for a nice sundowner (Clube Nautico and Clube Naval).

Don't forget the excellent Portuguese wines also widely available.

Sleep

The Hotel Avenida and the Residencia da Kianda are good options, both of which have pretty good services and great views over the beach.

  • The Tropico Hotel
  • The Alvalade Hotel
  • Le Presidente Luanda, [4]. A 5 star hotel in the city center. Single $264, double $303.  edit
  • The Palm Beach Hotel.  edit
Facades of old social housing in the slums.
Facades of old social housing in the slums.

As far as safety is concerned, Luanda is average among African cities. Don't venture into the slums...period. Don't go out at night alone. Keep your car doors locked at all times. Violent crime has been on the rise, but it is mostly in the slums. The colonial part of the city is safe from violent crime, but like most African cities pickpocketing or muggings are a fact of life. You will greatly reduce your chances of such if you stay low key: no fancy clothes or car, use a money belt, etc. The city is an expensive place to live and Angolans have realized that most expats in the city are high-salaried employees from large corporations, so you should especially avoid business attire.

Do not give beggars money; if you do, you will soon have a lot of them surrounding you.

This is Central African...many police in Luanda are very corrupt. Check for their identity number (should be located in a arm band near the shoulder) and you may present charges against any abuse. As a visitor it's important to carry an authorised photocopy of your passport at all times. Otherwise you WILL get a on the spot fine or worse, courtesy of the police. Do not carry your original the police may ask for it and keep it until you pay a "fine".

  • Consulate of Canada, Rua Rei Katyavala 113, Luanda, Angola, 244 222 448-371, 448-377, or 448-366 (, fax: 244 222 449-494).  edit
  • Embassy of the United States, Rua Houari Boumedienne, #32 Luanda, Angola, (244) 222-641-000 (, fax: (244) 222-641-232), [5].  edit
  • Embassy of the United Kingdom, Rua Diogo Cão 4 Caixa Postal 1244 Luanda, (244) (222) 334582 (fax: (244) (222) 333331), [6]. Mondays to Thursday - from 08:00 to 12:30 and 13:30 to 16:30 Fridays - from 08:30 to 13:00.  edit

Get out

Go a bit south of Luanda and you will find the outstanding Parque Nacional Da Kissama (also spelled Quiçama in Portuguese), home to palanca antelope, exotic birdlife, ostriches, gazelles, and giraffes, which are still thriving in great numbers but because tourism is just beginning to start in Angola, it still has a bit of a wild side to it.

Eco Tur run trips there in specialised 4x4 game viewing vehicles, be in the wild and beuatufl bush and on the magnificent Kwanza River within 3 hours ! www.eco-tur.com +244 912 501387 / +244 923 601601 / +244 923 602420

Kissama Game Park, a beautiful and enormous national game park just 2 hours south of Luanda recently restocked. Contact Eco Tur who run safaris there in specialist game viewing vehicles www.eco-tur.com / +244 912 501387 / +244 923 601601 / +244 923 602420

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Proper noun

Luanda

  1. The capital of Angola.

Translations

  • Chinese: 卢安达 (lúāndá)
  • Japanese: ルアンダ (Ruanda)

Anagrams


Simple English

Luanda is the capital and the largest city of Angola. Its former name was Loanda. It is a main seaport of the country located on the Atlantic Ocean. About 3 million (1995) people are living in there.

It is a center of manufacturing, but very destroyed because of a long civil war.

It was found by Portuguese in 1575 as São Paulo de Luanda and has been the administrative center of Angola since 1627 (except for 16401648). When Angola got independence in 1975, it became the capital of Angola.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message