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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Collage of views of Lublin


Coat of arms
Lublin is located in Poland
Coordinates: 51°14′53″N 22°34′13″E / 51.24806°N 22.57028°E / 51.24806; 22.57028
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lublin
County city county
Established before 12th century
Town rights 1317
 - Mayor Adam Wasilewski
 - City 147 km2 (56.8 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - City 350,392
 - Density 2,383.6/km2 (6,173.5/sq mi)
 - Metro 564,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20-001 to 20-999
Area code(s) +48 81
Car plates LU

Coordinates: 51°14′N 22°34′E / 51.233°N 22.567°E / 51.233; 22.567

Lublin [ˈlublin] ( listen) (Ukrainian: Люблін, Russian: Люблин) is the ninth largest city in Poland. It is the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 350,392 (June 2009). Lublin is also the largest Polish city east of the Vistula river. Lublin is a candidate for the title of European Capital of Culture in 2016.



Courtyard of the Lublin Castle with Holy Trinity Chapel and 13th-century tower.
Entrance, Lublin Castle in the front

The first permanent settlements on the Lublin site were established in the early Middle Ages, though archeological finds indicate a long, earlier presence of various cultures in the general area. The earliest, most significant settlement began in the 6th century, on a hill located in the suburb of Czwartek (in Polish Thursday, most likely in reference to the market day of the settlement). It is likely that the surrounding hills, notably the site of the present day Old Town, were also settled at around this time. In the 10th and 11th centuries the Czwartek settlement developed into an important trade centre. The location of Lublin at the eastern borders of the Polish lands gave it a military significance. The first fortification on the site may have been built as early as the 8th century, possibly on the Castle Hill. Certainly at the end of the 10th century a significant fortification existed there. As the castle grew, the Old Town hill adjacent to it became the main focus of settlement, and the Czwartek settlement declined in relative importance. The castle became the seat of a Castellan, first mentioned in historical sources from 1224, but quite possibly present from the start of the 12th, or even 10th century. The oldest historical document mentioning Lublin dates from 1198, so the name must have come into general use some time earlier.

The city was a target of attacks by Tatars, Ruthenes, Yotvingians and Lithuanians and was destroyed a number of times. It received a city charter in 1317. Casimir the Great, appreciating the strategic importance of the site, built a masonry castle in 1341 and encircled the city with defensive walls.

Part of Lublin Union Monument, symbolises Agreement
Meadow near Lublin Castle

In 1392, the city received an important trade privilege from king Władysław Jagiełło, and with the coming of the peace between Poland and Lithuania developed into a great trade centre carrying a large portion of commerce between the two countries. In 1474 the area around Lublin was combined to form the Lublin Voivodeship. In the 15th century and 16th century the town grew rapidly. The largest trade fairs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were held in Lublin. During the 16th century the noble parliaments (sejm) were held in Lublin a number of times. On June 26, 1569, one of the most important ones proclaimed the Union of Lublin, which united Poland and Lithuania. The Lithuanian name for the city is Liublinas.

Lublin in 1618

Some of the artists and writers of the Polish renaissance lived and worked in Lublin, including Sebastian Klonowic and Jan Kochanowski, who died in the city in 1584. In 1578 the Crown Tribunal was established in the city, this being the highest court of the Lesser Poland region.

Since the second half of the 16th century, Reformation movements developed in Lublin, and a large congregation of Polish Brethren was present in the city. One of Poland's most important Jewish communities was also established in Lublin around this time. It continued to be a vital part of the city's life until the community ceased to exist during the Nazi Holocaust. Between 1580 and 1764 the Jewish Council of Four Lands Arba Aracot (Sejm of 4 countries) was held in Lublin. 70 delegates of Jewish local kahals met to discuss issue of taxations and other important for Jewish communities issues.

Students came to Lublin from all over Europe to study at the yeshiva there. The yeshiva became a centre of learning of both Talmud and Kabbalah. The great scholarship of those who studied there led to the city being named the "Jewish Oxford"; the Rosh yeshiva received the title of rector and equal rights to those in Polish universities with the permission of the King in 1567.

The fire of Lublin, 1719

In the 17th century, the town suffered a decline due to a Russo-Ukrainian invasion in 1655 and a Swedish invasion during the Northern Wars. After the Third of the Partitions of Poland in 1795 Lublin was located in the Austrian empire, then since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw, and then since 1815 in the Congress Poland under Russian rule. At the beginning of the 19th century a number of modern urban developments took place, with new squares, streets, and public buildings coming into existence. In 1877 a railway connection to Warsaw and Kovel was built, together with Lublin Station, which spurred industrial development in the city. Lublin's population grew from 28,900 in 1873 to 50,150 in 1897 (including 24,000 Jews).[1]

The Russian rule ended in 1915, when the city was occupied by German and Austro-Hungarian armies. After the defeat of the Central Powers in 1918, the first government of independent Poland operated in Lublin for a short time. In the inter war years, the city continued to develop, its population grew, and important industrial enterprises were established, including the first aviation factory in Poland, the Plage i Laśkiewicz works, later nationalized as the LWS factory. The Catholic University of Lublin was founded in 1918. The city contained a vibrant Jewish community which formed around 40% of Lublin's population.

After the 1939 German invasion of Poland the city found itself in the General Government. During the German occupation the city's population was a target of severe oppression by the occupiers, with a particularly grim fate reserved for the Jewish inhabitants. German plans were aimed towards turning Lublin into Germanised city with its population of Ethnic Germans growing towards 20-25 %, compared with 10-15% in 1939.[2] Near Lublin, a reservation was set up for Jews according to the Nisko Plan, also known as "Lublin Plan".

Lublin Holocaust Memorial, with the Carmelite Church in the background
Krakowskie Przedmieście Street

The city served as a German headquarters for Operation Reinhardt, the main German effort to exterminate the Jews in occupied Poland. Lublin's Jewish population was forced into the Lublin Ghetto established around the area of Podzamcze. The majority of the ghetto's inhabitants, about 26,000 people, was deported to the Bełżec death camp between 17 March and 11 April 1942. The remainder were moved to facilities around Majdanek, a large concentration camp established at the outskirts of the city. Most of them were killed by the war's end.

After the war the few Jews who survived in hiding or by escaping to Soviet territory reestablished a small Jewish community in the city, but it quickly shrank to insignificance as most Jews left Poland for Israel and the West in the immediate postwar years. The Majdanek camp, together with the prison established in the Lublin castle, also served as a major centre of terror measures aimed at the non-Jewish population of Lublin and the surrounding district.

18th century trompe-l'œil frescoes in Lublin Cathedral

On 24 July 1944, the city was taken by the Soviet Army and became the temporary capital of a Soviet-controlled communist Polish Committee of National Liberation established in the city, which was to serve as basis for a puppet government. The capital was moved to Warsaw in January 1945. In the postwar years Lublin continued to grow, tripling its population and greatly expanding in area. A considerable scientific and research base was established around the newly founded Maria Curie-Sklodowska University. A large automobile factory (FSC) was established in the city.

In July 1980, the workers of Lublin and nearby Świdnik began the first in the wave of mass strikes aimed against the Communist regime, which eventually led to the emergence of the Solidarity movement. The first strike began on July 8 in the WSK factory in Świdnik. It then quickly spread to other factories in Lublin and the surrounding region. The railroad network and city transit came to a standstill. Ultimately, 150 factories employing 50,000 workers joined the strike. The strikers used a novel tactic of staying inside their factories and occupying them, instead of marching in the streets where the authorities would have found it easy to use force against them. The workers made demands for their economic situation to be improved. They also made political demands, such as: new elections for the leadership of the trade unions, liquidation of privileges for the Communist party governing class, and the reduction of the bureaucracy in the factories.

Panorama of Lublin from Trynitarska Tower

The July strikes lasted two weeks. The Communist authorities eventually managed to bring them to an end peacefully, mainly by granting economic concessions to the workers. However, the momentum generated by the Lublin strikes quickly gave rise to a new wave of strikes in the Gdańsk region in August 1980. The workers there used similar tactics as the Lublin workers used a month before, and this time the Communist authorities had to agree to the strikers' demand to set up an independent trade union, which soon became the Solidarity.


Districts of Lublin

The Lublin region had the lowest per capita GDP in the European Union until Bulgaria and Romania joined in 2007 (it was 32% of EU average in 2002). It is a part of eastern Poland, which has benefited less from the economic transformation after 1989 than other regions of Poland located closer to Western Europe. While the standard of living in the city of Lublin is considerably higher than in the surrounding countryside, the city's relatively poor economic performance is tied to the poverty of its surrounding region.

Factories built under the Communist regime in the city have performed poorly in the new market economy. The large car factory FSC (Fabryka Samochodów Ciężarowych) seemed to have a brighter future when acquired by the South Korean Daewoo conglomerate in the early 1990s. With Daewoo's financial troubles in 1998, the production at FSC practically collapsed and the factory entered bankruptcy. Efforts to restart its van production succeeded when the engine supplier bought the company in order not to lose its prime market. With the decline of Lublin as a regional industrial centre, the city's economy is being reoriented towards the service industries. Currently, the largest employer is the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University (UMCS).

The prices of land and investing costs are lower than in western Poland. However, the Lublin area is one of main beneficiaries of the EU development funds-[3] Mr. Jerzy Kwiecinski, the Deputy Secretary of State in the Ministry for Regional Development at the Conference of the Ministry for Regional Development (Poland in the European Union – new possibilities for foreign investors) said: -

“In the immediate financial outlook, between 2007 and 2013, we will be the largest beneficiaries of the EU - every fifth Euro will be spent in Poland. In total, we will have at our disposal 120 billion EUR, assigned exclusively for post development activities. This sum will be an enormous boost for our country”.[4]

Gala Shopping Centre
Litewski Square, fountain in the centre

In September 2007, the Prime Minister signed a bill creating a special economic investment zone in Lublin that offers tax incentives. It is part of “Park Mielec” – the European Economic Development area.[5] At least 13 large companies had declared their wish to invest here e.g. Carefaur, Comarch, Safo, Asseco, Aliplast, Herbapol and Perła Browary Lubelskie - [6]. At the same time the energy giant Polska Grupa Energetyczna, which will build Poland's first nuclear power station, is to have its main offices in Lublin.

New shopping centres built in Lublin are Lublin Plaza and Galeria Gala, the largest shopping centre in the city, covering 33500 square metres. Similar investments are planned for the near future such as Park Felin (Felicity) and a new gallery ("Alchemy") between Świętoduska and Lubartowska streets.[7]

Lublin will take an active part in the upcoming EURO 2012 championships, with several preliminary matches being held in the city. This will bring associated investment in infrastructure.


TVP3 Lublin produces multiple well-known programmes


"TVP Lublin" is a TV Station in Lublin which owns a 104-metre-tall concrete TV Tower.[8]

Lublin TV Tower
  • TVP 1 (channel 9), TVP 2 (channel 23), Polsat TV (channel 35), TVP Info (channel 39), TVP Lublin (channel 39),TVP Lublin(channel 39) , TVN (channel 41), TV 4 (channel 57).
  • Cable operators present in Lublin include:


  • Radio stations airing from Lublin:
  • Airing not from Lublin:
    • Radio RMF FM - 89.3 FM,
    • Polskie Radio 1 (national station of the Polish Radio) - 90.8 FM,
    • Polskie Radio 2 (national station of the Polish Radio) - 91.8 FM,
    • Radio Maryja - 97 FM,
    • Radio Euro (national station of the Polish Radio) - 99 FM,
    • Radio Kielce (regional station of the Polish Radio) - 101.4 FM,
    • Polskie Radio 3 (national station of the Polish Radio) - 104.2 FM,
    • Radio Eska Rock - 106.1 FM,
    • Radio Zet - 107 FM.



Bus Solaris, line in old colours9, in Lublin, are very popular Trolleybuses also

From Lublin Station, trains run ten times a day to Warsaw and three times to Krakow as well as all other major cities in Poland. Buses also run from below the castle in the Old Town and serve most of the same destinations as the rail network. The fast train to Warsaw takes around two and half hours and public transport is available from there to Frederic Chopin Airport, which is only 10 km outside the centre and has flights worldwide. The Polski Express bus service runs seven daily buses from the airport direct to Lublin and the journey takes around three and a half hours ([9];[10] ).


Construction of a new airport at Świdnik, about 10 km SE of Lublin, has been approved and will receive EU funding. It is scheduled to open in 2011.


As of 2009 no motorways or expressways connect the city with the rest of Poland. In the coming decade the construction of expressways S12, S17 and S19 will improve road access to the city. On December 17, 2009 the bidding process for the construction of S17 expressway around Lublin was started. The construction should begin in 2010 and finish in 2012. The project will include building a high capacity bypass road around Lublin, removing most the transit traffic from the city streets and decreasing congestion.

Culture and Tourism

Lublin's group Belriguardo, at Culture Night in 2007.
Lublin Magnifika 2008. Graffiti painters' Festival.
Chivalrous bravery, knight contest, during Jagiellonian Trades at night

Lublin is not only the biggest City in eastern Poland, but the most important culture core city also. Since accession of Poland into the EU, Lublin is called "Gate to the East", and that's true. Since then, lot's of important big international events had happened here, involving Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Russian and Belorussian artists, researchers and politics. Lublin connects West with the East. Even frescos at the Holy Trinity Chapel in Lublin are mixture of West Catholic motives with east Russian-Byzantine style.


Lublin is a city with film-making past, few important films were recorded here. e.g. Oscar-winning, "The Reader", was partially filmed at the German Majdanek concentration camp, located in Lublin.[11]

In 2008, Lublin in cooperation with Ukrainian Lviv, filmed promotional materials, to promote them, as cinematic cities, films were handed out between film-makers present at Cannes Festival.[12] Action, was sponsored by European Union.

In Lublin, there's currently few cinemas:

  • Cinema City (multiplex)
  • Cinema Bajka
  • Cinema Apollo (Wyzwolenie)
  • Cinema Chatka Żaka
  • Cinema Medyk


"Mobile Exhibition", during Culture Night in 2007 in Lublin

There are many cultural organisations, both municipal, governmental and non-governmental, e.g. in Lublin

  • Municipal Theatres, with casual playhouses:
  • Fringe Theatres:
    • Centrum Projekt Pracovnia Maat
    • Centrum Kultury w Lublinie
    • Ośrodek Praktyk Teatralnych – Gardzienice
    • Ośrodek „Brama Grodzka - Theatre NN”
    • Theatre "Provisorium"
  • Scenes:
    • InVitro Pre-première Scene - Scena Prapremier "InVitro"
    • Scena Plastyczna KUL – created by Leszek Mądzik
    • Theatre Panopticum
    • Teatr ITP
    • Teatr Pierwszego Kontaktu
  • Cabaret
    • Pantomimic group MIMIKA
    • Ani Mru-Mru
    • PoMimochodem
  • Barnstormers"
    • Lublin Dance Theatre - Lubelski Teatr Tańca
    • Company "Theatre" - Kompania "Teatr"
    • Teatr Widzenie
    • Teatr Jasny
    • Theatrical Group "Collective" - Grupa Teatralna "Kolektyw"
    • Enigmatic Theatre of KUL


Installation, encouraging to step into the Gallery
"The Choir" - installation art, made by Andree Weschler, Lublin Open-City Festival 2009
Installation, encouraging to step into the Gallery
Street Art Gallery during "Culture Night" 2009 in Lublin.

There are lots of Art-Galleries in Lublin, some of them are run by Private owners, some of them are Municipal, Governmental, NGO's, Associations property. Here are only few most popular:

  • "BWA" - Artistic Exhibitions Office - Biuro Wystaw Artystycznych
  • "Atu" Gallery
  • "Postal Gallery" - Galeria na poczcie
  • "Fot-Press" Gallery
  • "Galeria Biała"
  • Art-Gallery Sceny Plastycznej KUL
  • "Pod podłogą" (Under the Floor Gallery)
  • Galeria Sztuki "Wirydarz"
  • "KONT" Academic Culture Centre Gallery "Chatka Żaka" UMCS
  • "Labirynt 2"
  • Galeria Grodzka
  • Galeria "Po schodach"
  • Galeria "Gardzienice"
  • Galeria Autorska Michałowski
  • Galeria Fotografii "Prospero"
  • Galeria "Gala Dom i Wnętrze"
  • Galeria Michałowscy
  • Galeria Sztuki Współczesnej "Andzelm Gallery"
  • Galeria ART
  • "31'st Gallery"
  • Galeria "Pomost"
  • Galeria Sztuki Nieprofesjonalnej "U Lekarzy" (Amateur art-gallery "At doctor's")
  • Galeria Przy Bramie (Bramma Cafe)
  • Lubelskie Towarzystwo Zachęty Sztuk Pięknych

Old Town

Magic places in Lublin - Hartwigow Alley

Lublin, by some tourists called "little Krakow", has historic architecture and a unique ambiance, especially the Old Town. Catering to students, who account for 35% of the population, the city offers a vibrant music and nightclub scene [13] Lublin has many theatres, philharmonic orchestras and museums.[14] Old buildings, even ruins, creates magic and unique atmosphere of the city. Lublin’s Old Town has cobbled streets and traditional architecture.

Pubs and Restaurants

Mandragora Jewish Restaurant in the centre

The Old Town Hall and Tribunal in the Market Square is surrounded by burgher houses and winding lanes.[15]

City of Festivals

Lublin Magnifika 2008. Graffiti painters' Festival.
Folk music group concert, during Jagiellonian Trades
Open City, logo self-painted on the stone

Lublin could be called "The Capital of Festivals", every year is appearing another one new. These are just few, the most interesting:

  • Noc Kultury' - Culture Night - usually the first Saturday night of June, hundreds of events whole the city, cultural manifestation of city's potential, admission is totally free - [9].
  • OpenCity Festival - outdoor performances festival, international artists and performers, make art installations in public places in Lublin. - [10]
  • Museum Night - like in whole world, Lublin's museums, are opened for visitors.
  • Jarmark Jagielloński - Jagiellonian Trades - every year, about 100k of tourists, arriving in Lublin, only to feel middle-age atmosphere.
  • Lubelskie Dni Kultury Studenckiej - an annual students' holiday, usually celebrated for about three weeks between May and June, students holiday in Lublin, are the longest in whole Poland. There's usually bunch of student parties, concerts, cultural events, and every year, Main Concert, usually, British artists are invited.
  • Słowo daję - Festiwal Opowiadaczy - I give you my word. Storytellers Festival
  • Rozstaje Europy - International Festival of Document Film
  • Mikołajki Folkowe - International Folk Music Festival ("St. Nicholas Folk Day") - organised by Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin.
  • Strefa Inne Brzmienia ("Different Sounds Area" International Music Festival, which connects Lublin and Lviv citizens together.
  • Lublin. Miasto Poezji - Poetry Festival organised by Ośrodek "Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN" and Polish Literature Institute of Catholic University in Lublin.
  • Noc z Czechowiczem - A Night with Czechowicz - walking the trace, from "Poem about The City of Lublin" written by Józef Czechowicz at first full moon at July, organised by Ośrodek "Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN"
  • Najstarsze Pieśni Europy - The oldest songs of Europe - Festival of Muzyka Kresów Foundation.
  • Future Shorts - World Short Film Label
  • Międzynarodowe Spotkania Teatrów Tańca - International Lublin Dance Festival
  • Międzynarodowy Festiwal Teatralny "Konfrontacje" - International Theatre Festival "Confrontations"
  • Festiwal Kultury Alternatywnej "ZdaErzenia" - Festival of Alternative Culture in Lublin
  • Sąsiedzi - Festiwal Teatrów Europy Środkowej - Neighbours - Central European Theatres Festival
  • Festiwal "Prowokacje" - Young Polish Fashion Creators Festival
  • Studencki Ogólnopolski Festiwal Teatralny Kontestacje - Polish Students Theatre Festival
  • Międzynarodowe Spotkania Folklorystyczne im. Ignacego Wachowiaka - International Folk Dance Festival
  • Lubelska Scena Rockowa - Lublin Rock Scene
  • Taniec Znaku - first in Poland Internet Theatre, project of Lublin Maat Theatre,[16]
  • Scena Młodych - Youth Scene, music festival
  • Zwierciadła - Mirrors - High School Theatres Revision
  • Zaduszki Jazzowe - Jazz All Souls' Day - it takes place in Dominican Order Monastery
  • "Invitro" Scena Prapremier - "Invitro" Pre-première Scene [17]
  • Solo życia - Classical Music Festival - creator of this festival is composer Mieczysław Jurecki
  • Letnia Strefa Muzyki - Summer Music Area - Young polish musicians, promotion, on the small scene, organisators: Akwarela Cafe and Lublins' President Council

Zalew Zemborzycki

The Zemborzycki Zalew is a large man-made lake used for wind surfing, fishing and other water sports.[18] Municipal Centre of Sport and Recreation (MOSiR), has opeed recently mini-aqua park, near Zalew, there are few swimming pools, and other swimming accessories.

European capital of culture

European Capital of Culture hoarding, on the City Council building

Since 2007, Lublin has joined the group of Polish cities which are candidates for the title of European Capital of Culture, as the one and only city from the eastern half of Poland. Poland will participate in this title with Spain in 2016 although the exact cities from these countries have yet to be chosen.

"Lublin is the city that symbolises European idea of integration, universal heritage of democracy and tolerance and the idea of dialogue between the cultures of the West and East. Lublin is a unique place where the cultures and religions meet. Here the East meets West, and the European Union meets Belarus and Ukraine. It is the perfect place of cooperation for European artists living within and outside the European Union. Lublin is a city open to artists, a place where unique initiatives and activities take place. Lublin means the experience of hundreds of years of rich history and cultural heritage which constitutes endless source of inspiration for new generations. European Culture is not only modern museums and enormous festivals, but first of all people and their activities, aims, aspirations, possibilities, potential and the desire for development.The development of culture and being granted the title of European Capital of Culture is a chance for development of one the poorest regions of the European Union.[19]

Mr. Adam Wasilewski, President of Lublin

Since 2007, there are special meetings, enter2016, which anyone could take part in. The City's Marketing Office have created a web page:, available in Polish, English, Ukrainian and Spanish.


John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

There are six schools of higher education, including Maria Curie-Sklodowska University (UMCS) and John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin (KUL).

Lublin also hosts a number of private higher education establishments. The Polish Government has plans to establish a new University in Lublin in cooperation with the Ukraine Government, which promises to be one of the most innovative international ventures of recent years. The Polish-Ukrainian Academy will support multicultural exchange, and will highlight Polish and Ukrainian heritage and history. It promises to be a milestone in the rapprochement between Poland and Ukraine, and between Ukraine and the European Union.


Notable residents

"Lublin Eye"


Lublin constituency

Lublin Town Hall
Lublin Crown Tribunal, in the centre of the Old Town main square

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Lublin constituency:

Members of the European Parliament elected from the Lublin constituency:

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Lublin is twinned with:


See also


  1. ^ Joshua D. Zimmerman, Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0299194647, Google Print, p.16
  2. ^ . Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  3. ^ "Samorząd Miasta Lublin". Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  4. ^ internet ART; (2007-05-31). "PAIiIZ | News | Inwestycje w Polsce". Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  5. ^ Marcin Bielesz (2007-09-27). "Lublin fetuje specjalną strefę ekonomiczną".,35640,4527639.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  6. ^,35640,4527639.html,,20051107265122.strona
  7. ^ opracowali: tn, dil, msa, ms, jb, pr, wa (2007-01-01). "Taki był 2006 rok".,36651,3823552.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  8. ^ "Przegląd obiektów z emisjami". Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  9. ^ "Lublin - plan miasta, opis miasta, rozkłady jazdy, zdjęcia, noclegi, odległości, hotele i RSS. Turystyka, wczasy, wakacje, wycieczki i noclegi - Lublin, woj. lubelskie". 2006-12-12.,polski,Lublin.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  10. ^ "Lublin - Rozkład jazdy pociągów PKP, autobusów PKS oraz komunikacji miejskiej dla miasta Lublin". Retrieved 2009-06-02.  
  11. ^ The Reader was filmed in Lublin
  12. ^ "Lublin, Lwów | miasto filmowe - Aktualności". 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  
  13. ^ "Lublin-Lubelski Serwis Informacyjny-lublin". Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  14. ^ []; []; [1]; [2]
  15. ^ [3]; [4]; [5]
  16. ^ Theatre Maat
  17. ^ TVP o Scenie InVitro
  18. ^ "Zalew Zemborzycki - połowy na grunt,spining i spławik forum wędkarskie. Turystyka miejska". Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  19. ^ Why Lublin?
  20. ^ Побратимские связи г. Бреста.
  21. ^ "The Municipality of Lublin City". 1992-10-01. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  

External links

External files

City Council has produced bunch of information materials, which should help, acquaint potential tourists with the city:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Panorama of Lublin in 1618
Panorama of Lublin in 1618

Lublin is a city in eastern Poland. and the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 355,954 (2004). In the middle ages Lublin played important role in the life of the Polish state as a trade center and as a city with military significance.


In brief

The city of Lublin was first mentioned in 13th century. It reached its peak in 16th century, when - due to its central location between Cracow (capital of Poland) and Vilinus (capital of Lithuania) - it was chosen as the place, where the Union of Lublin was signed. Due to its location, at an intersection of roads leading to Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, the city was always a melting pot of different cultures - an important center of Judaism as well as of the Christian reformation movement. From 17th century onwards, together with the rest of the country, it suffered a gradual decline. During World War II the Jewish and Polish populations suffered heavy losses, a Nazi concentration camp (Majdanek) was located here. After the war, the city developed to be an important university site, with 6 state universities and a number of smaller ones.

  • Due to the union with Lithuania, in the 16th century Lublin was located 200 km from the western border. Now, it is located in eastern Poland, 120 km from the eastern border, without actually moving an inch.
  • Two important Polish-Lithuanian institutions were located in Lublin since 16th century: the Crown Tribunal (acting as the Supreme Court for easter and southern Poland) and the Jewish Va'ad Arba' Aratzot (The Council of Four Lands).
  • Lublin and its vicinity developed its unique version of the Renaissance, called the Lublin Renaissance.
  • Lublin was the capital of Poland twice, every time just for a few months: first in 1918, at the end of the World War I and then in 1944, at the end of the World War II.
  • The Jewish population of Lublin in 1939 was 42,380 (1/3 of the total city population); in 1945 was it 4,553; in 2007 - 20.
  • Every year there are ca. 100,000 students coming to Lublin to study, which accounts to 28% of the regular city population.

Get in

By plane

You can either fly in to Warsaw or to Rzeszow. From there, you need to take a train or a bus to come to Lublin. Warsaw is more advisable, since it has more connections to Lublin.

By train

The Polish State Railways [1] have services from Warsaw and other major Polish cities (Wrocław, Kraków, Poznań, Łódź and Gdańsk). There aren't any fast InterCity connections provided to Lublin, but the train journey from Warsaw takes only 2.5 hours.

  • Buses to the city center:  1   to the Cracow Gate, 1, 34 to the Castle, 13 to the Lithuanian Sq.; trolleybus to the city center:  150   to the Saxonian Garden.

By car

You can easily get there by car:

  • from Warsaw national road  17 , E372 : Warsaw - Otwock - Garwolin - Ryki - Lublin
  • from Rzeszow national road  19 : Rzeszow - Nisko - Janow Lubelski - Krasnik - Lublin
  • from Kielce national road 74,  19 : Kielce - Opatow - Ozarow - Annopol - Krasnik - Lublin

Lublin, like other Polish cities, doesn't have a ring road, so to transit the city you must use Trasa W-Z Route: Warsaw17 , E372  - aleja Warszawska - aleja Solidraności - aleja Tysiąclecia - aleja Witosa - Lviv (UA). There's is also south-north route: Svidnik (SK)  E371  - Rzeszow19  - aleja Kraśnicka - Sikorskiego - aleja Solidarności - aleja Smorawińskiego - aleja Spółdzielczości Pracy - Bialystok - Hrodna (BY)

By bus

Many international connections - from the Main Bus Terminal (Dworzec Autobusowy Główny) with Birmingham, Bradford, Bremen, Cologne, Flensburg, Freiburg, Geneva, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, London, Lviv, Lutsk, Mannheim, Paris, Rotterdam, Rome, Stuttgart, Venice, Vilnius and Zurich. Southern Bus Terminal(Dworzec Autobusowy Południe) is located right across the square from the Main Train Station. It is dedicated to regional lines.

  • The Main Bus Terminal is situated at the northernmost edge of the Old Town, just next to the castle. If you want to travel to other parts of the city center: to Lithuanian Sq. and Saxonian Garden take lines  5 , 10 , 18 , 31 , 57  (from the bus stop #2, at the main street just outside the terminal building); to Cracow Gate take lines 1, 2, 6, 11, 17, 22, 23 (from the bus stop #4, at the same side of the street than bus stop #2, but a bit farther left)
  • If you plan a longer stay, you may find this public transport map useful [2].
  • See also: Poland - By bus

Get around

By bus or trolleybus

In the city center or the Old Town you can easily reach every worthseeing place by foot. You can also use the public transport. It's worth to try trolleybus journey, especially tourist route  156   from Majdanek Nazi Camp, near Old Town and Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva. The city has 50 bus lines and 8 troleybus lines (served by MPK). There's also commercial city transport (buses with Komunikacja prywatna or AKL signs).

To use public transport [3] you should buy tickets in "kiosk" - such "kiosks" are situated near bus stops. There is price system for MPK tickets: one ride ticket costs 2.00zł; student with ISIC identification pay 1.00zł for one ride. In commercial city transport (AKL) you're paying for the ticket in the bus (1.50zł and 1.00zł - student with ISIC identification). Children under 4 can use public transport for free. Timetable for both can be found on their website.

  • Routes 1-57 - normal buses
  • Routes 7x - mini-buses (suburban buses)
  • Routes 150-160 - trolleybuses
  • Routes 3xx - night buses (4.00zł/2.00zł); available only on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays, not available in Summer

Buses and trolleybuses are the best place for pickpockets, especially routes from Railway and Bus Stations.

Trolleybus line for tourists

Every summer local city transport company runs special tourist trolleybus line. It's served by unique Soviet trolleybus ZIU, popular in 70's and 80's in former communist countries in Europe. Tours are starting every Sunday from bus stup near Crocow Gate (Brama Krakowska 02) at 14:00 and 15:30. During this journey passangers will see Majdanek Nazi Camp, Cathedral, interesting object in the Old Town and other attractions (all with virtual guide comments). Price: 5.00zł for one ride.

By taxi

Taxi services are quite cheap, but sometimes taxi drivers want to cheat abroad tourists, so it's good to know the prices in taxi corporations:

  • 5.50zł for starting service
  • 2.20zł/km

Charges are higher after 10pm, on Sundays, and public holidays.

  • Damel Taxi - +4881 19626
  • Dwojki - +4881 19621
  • MPT - +4881 19191
  • Lublin - +4881 19628
  • Echo - +4881 19662
  • Rytm - +4881 19667

Do not take taxis from taxi stands near bus and railway Stations. There are often non-regulated taxi drivers who overcharge. It's better to call one of taxi companies.

The Castle of Lublin
The Castle of Lublin
St. Joseph Church, in the style of Lublin Renaissance
St. Joseph Church, in the style of Lublin Renaissance
  • The Castle of Lublin and Chapel of the Holy Trinity, Zamkowa St. 9 (at the northernmost part of the Old Town, near Main Bus Station), +4881 532 50 01, [4]. Tuesdays - Saturdays: 10am-5pm, Sundays: 10am-6pm (September - May: Tuesdays, Thursdays - Saturdays: 9am- 4pm, Wedensday, Sundays: 9am-5pm). The castle of Lublin has been rebuilt in the 19th century in the neogothic style. Proceed to the yard to take a look at the 13th century Romanesque donjon and the Chapel of Holy trinity. The Chapel is a must-see - its interior conceals unique Byzantine wall paintings dating back to 1418. If you have some more time, check out the interior of the museum - especially the Polish Paintings Gallery and the huge Union of Lublin painting by Jan Matejko. Ticket's price: 6.50zł / students, children: 4.50zł.   edit
  • Po Farze Sq., Old Town. Square with the uncovered foundation of the 14th-century St. Michael church.
  • Crown Tribunal, Rynek (Old Town Square). Built in the 1400s, it was the highest court in Lesser Poland.
  • St. Stanislas Dominican Basilica and Monastery, Złota St. (Go to the Market Sq., face the Crown Tribunal, pass it on the left and continue straight on for 200 m.). One of the oldest churches in Lublin, built around 1253. Rebuilt into its current shape after a fire in 1575, in the style of Lublin Renaissance. Take a look at the various chapels, surrounding the church and opening to the inside.   edit
  • Lublin Cathedral and Trinity Tower, Katedralny Sq. (Located at the edge of the Old Town, 100 m south from the Cracow Gate.). A unique baroque church with wall paintings. The tower provides a beautiful city panorama. 10am-5pm (October- April: only Saturadys and Sundays: 10am-5pm). Tickets price: 5.00zł / students, children: 3.00zł.
  • Grodzka Gate, Grodzka St. (take the street leading out of the castle towards the Old Town). One of the original city gates, rebuilt in 1785. In the past also known as the Jewish Gate, as it separated the Jewish District from the Old Town.  edit
  • Cracow Gate, Łokietka Sq. (in the very center of Lublin, follow Bramowa St. from the Market Sq. or Krakowskie Przedmiescie until the end of the pedestrian zone). One of the two original city gates, built in 14th century in the Gothic style and then rebuilt during the Baroque period. A symbol of Lublin. The gate clock was in that same very place since 16th century. At noon, a trumpeter plays the city "Hejnał" from the balcony. Next to the gate, there is a small Lublin History Museum.  edit
  • Krakowskie Przedmieście, (begins at the Cracow Gate). Stroll along the the nice pedestrian zone in downtown and have a coffee in one of the cosy restaurants along the way.  edit
  • Majdanek State Museum (Państowe Muzeum na Majdanku), Droga Męczenników Majdanka 67 (bus no. 28 or 47; trolleybus no. 153, 156 or 158), +4881 74 426 40 (, fax: +4881 74 405 26), [5]. Tuesdays - Sun. 8am-4pm (Nov.-Mar. 8am-3pm). Former Nazi concentration camp.  edit
  • The TV tower at Raabego St. has a very unconventional design.
  • Our Lady the Victorious Church, Narutowicza St. corner of Peowiakow (From Lithuanian Sq. take Krakowskie Przedmiescie to the Galeria Centrum department store, then turn right.). A Gothic-Renaissance church donated by king Ladislaus Jagiello after his victory over the Teutonic Order Knights at Grunwald/Tannenberg in 1410.  edit
  • St. Joseph Church and the Barefoot Carmelites Monastery, Świętoduska St. (From Cracow Gate follow Krakowskie Przedmieście and then take the first street right downhill.). Another great example of Lublin Renaissance style, built in the 17th century.   edit
  • Our Lady Help of Christians Church, Kalinowszczyzna St. x Lwowska St. (A short walk away from the Castle, ca 10 min.). A Lublin Renaissance church & monastery built in 1621 by the Franciscan order monks and renovated in the beginning of the 19th century to create 3 floors (lower and upper church + attic with community rooms).  edit
  • Skansen Museum (Muzeum Wsi Lubelskiej), al. Warszawska 96 (from city center take bus no. 5 , 18  or 20), +4881 533 85 13 (), [6]. April 9am-5pm; May-Sept. 9am-6pm; Oct. 9am-5pm. 8.00zł / students, children: 4.00zł.  edit
  • Lublin Province Museum (Muzeum Lubelskie na Zamku), Zamkowa St. 9 (near main vus station), +4881 532 50 01, [7]. Tues.- Sat. 10am-5pm, Sun. 10am-6pm (Sept.-May: Tues., Thurs., Sat. 9am- 4pm; Wed., Sun.: 9am-5pm). Gallery with Polish historical and modern painting, plus folk and weapon expositions. 6.50zł / students, children: 4.50zł.  edit
  • Lublin History Museum (Muzeum Historii Miasta Lublina), Łokietka Sq. 3 (near Krakowska gate; bus nos. 1 , 2, 11 , or 17 ), +4881 532 60 01. Wed-Sat 9am-4pm, Sun 9am-5pm. 3.50zł / students, children: 2.50zł.  edit
  • Gestapo Jail Martyrdom Museum (Muzeum Martyrologii Pod Zegarem), Uniwersytecka St. 1 (behind the main building of Catholic University of Lublin; bus nos. 5, 10, 13, 18, 31, 57 or trolleybus no. 150), +4881 533 36 78. Free..  edit
  • Vincent Pol Manor (Dworek Wincentego Pola), Kalinowszczyzna 13, St. (near old Jewish cementary; bus no. 1), +4881 747 24 13. Wed.-Sat. 9am-5pm, Sun. 9am-6pm. Exhibitions concerning the life of Polish poet Vincent Pol and his hobby, geography. Housed in his former manor. 3.50zł / students, children: 2.50zł.  edit
  • Jozef Czechowicz Literary Museum (Muzeum Literackie im. Józefa Czechowicza), Złota St. 3 (Old Town), +4881 532 30 90. Wednesdays = Saturdays: 9am-4pm, Sundays: 9am-5pm. Exhibitions concerning the poets and authors from Lublin city and the region. 3.50zł / students, children: 2.50zł.  edit



There are 8 cinemas in Lublin. The biggest - Cinema City - has 8 screens.

  • International Festival of Theater "Confrontation" (Międzynarodowy Festiwal Teatralny "Konfrontacje"), [8], May
  • Festival of Theater "Neighbors" (Festiwal Teatralny "SĄSIEDZI"), [9], June
  • International Lublin Meetings of Theater of Dance (Międzynarodowe Lubelskie Spotkania Teatrów Tańca), [10], November
  • International Days of Documentary Movies "Bifurcation of Europe" (Międzynarodowe Dni Filmu Dokumentalnego "Rozstaje Europy"), [11], March
  • Festival of Fashion "Provocations" (Festiwal "Prowokacje"), [12]
  • International Folk Meetings (Międzynarodowe Spotkania Folklorystyczne im. Ignacego Wachowiaka)
  • Saxonian Garden (Ogród Saski), in the city center, near KFC restaurant
  • UMCS Botanic Garden, Sławinkowska St. 3 (near road to Warsaw and Skansen Museum; bus no. 5 , 18 or 20), +4881 537 55 40 (), [13]. April and September: 9am-6pm, Sat. and Sun. 10am-6pm; May and Aug. 9am-7pm, Sat. and Sun. 10am-7pm; June and July 9am-8pm, Sun. and Sat. 10am-8pm; Oct.-March 9am-5pm, Sat. and Sun. 10am-5pm. 5.00zł / students, children: 2.50zł.  edit
  • Zemborzycki Lake - artificial lake, many restaurants and bars. It is possible to rent a boat or water skis.
  • Hala Globus is a place where you can enjoy ice-skating. From the city center take bus  26  or  31  or trolleybus  150  ,  152 ,  155  or  158 . 
  • Ośrodek Sportowy-Rekreacyjny RELAND (Zalew Zemborzycki), From city center by bus take no.  40   or the special summer lines  ''Marina''  or  ''Dabrova'', +4881 745 63 43 (), [14]. Water skiing. Mon.-Fri. 28.00zł/hour; Weekends 32.00zł/hour.  edit


You can study in one of the universities in Lublin. It's possible in all public high schools thanks to international cooperation (e.g. Socrates-Erasmus):

  • Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS) (), Maria Curie-Skłodowska Sq. 5 (Bus 13 or trolleybus 150 from the railway station , buses  10,  18 ,  31,  57 from the main bus station), +4881 537 54 10, [15]. Faculties: biology and Earth science, law and administration, mathematics, physics and computer science, humanities, economics, chemistry, pedagogy and psychology, philosophy and sociology, political science, arts  edit
  • Catholic University of Lublin (KUL), al. Racławickie 14 (near Saski Garden and UMCS, bus 13 or trolleybus 150 from the railway station , buses  10,  18 ,  31,  57 from the main bus station), [16]. Faculties: theology, philosophy, law, canon law and administration, humanities, social science, mathematics and natural science  edit
  • Medical University of Lublin (UM) (Uniwersytet Medyczny), al. Racławickie 1 (near Saski Garden, bus 13 or trolleybus 150 from the railway station , buses  10,  18 ,  31,  57 from the main bus station), +4881 53 200 61, [17].  edit
  • Agricultural University of Lublin (UP) (Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy), Akademicka St. 13 (southern part of the university campus, bus 11 from Main Bus Station), +4881 445 66 77 (), [18]. faculties: agriculture, horticulture, veterinary medicine, biology and animal breeding, production engineering, food sciences and biotechnology  edit
  • Lublin University of Technology (Politechnika Lubelska), Nadbystrzycka St. 38d (on the bank of Bystrzyca River, bus 39 from Main Bus Station), +4881 53 84 719 (), [19]. faculties: civil and sanitary engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, environmental engineering, management and fundamentals of technology, mechanical engineering  edit


City Shopping

The Old Town district offers plenty of small shops with souvenirs. Many shops with clothes, shoes, souvenirs are situated in city center on Krakowskie Przedmieście St. There are also Main Post Office, local divisions of biggest Polish and global banks. There is also trade city center on Tomasza Zana St. Near E. Leclerc shopping mall you can find

  • Galeria Olimp, Spółdzielczości Pracy Ave. 34, buses form city center - 17, 18, 31; over 130 shops with clothes and electronic equipment, also restaurants and bars
  • Plaza Center, Lipowa St. 13, city center, over 100 shops with clothes, books, music, toys, also: club, cinema, restaurants and bars
  • Galeria Centrum, Krakowskie Przedmieście 40 (city center), +4881 532 22 61 ext.125, [20]. Mondays-Saturdays 9:30am-9pm, Sundays 10:30am-4pm. clothes  edit
  • Centrum Handlowe im. Tomasza Zana (Tomasz Zan Shopping Mall), Zana 19 (buses from city center - 9, 11, 14, 57). Mondays-Saturdays 9am-8pm, Sundays 10am-9pm. market E.Leclerc, shops with clothes, books, music, toys, also restaurants and bars; near MediaMarkt with electronic equipment  edit
  • Galeria Orkana, Orkana 16 (buses from city center - 10, 57), (), [21]. clothes, perfumes, restaurants and bars  edit
  • OLD PUB Bar & Restaurant, 8 Grodzka St..  edit
  • Ulice Miasta, Łokietka Sq. 3 (Right next to Cracow Gate), +4881 534 05 92, [22]. 10 - 23, Fr-Sat 10-01. A nice restaurant with Polish cuisine and great ambience, in the cellar of the Cracow Gate. 30 -40zł per main course.  edit
  • Guest House Wytchnienie [23] - Accommodation in Lublin.
  • Hotel Waksman [24]
  • Hotel Unia [25] or [26]
  • Hotel Victoria [27]
  • Hotel Europa [28]
  • Hotel Huzar [29]
  • Hotel Campanile [30]
  • Hotel Bellis - cheap, but web site only in Polish [31]
  • Hotel Lwow [32]
  • Hotel Korona [33]
  • PZM Motel [34]
  • Hotel Focus, Al. Kraśnicka 80, +48 (0/81) 527 00 44 (, fax: +48 (0/81) 527 00 46). 150 - 330 PLN.  edit
  • IBB Grand Hotel Lublinianka, ul. Krakowskie Przedmiescie 56, +48 (0/81) 44 66 100 (, fax: +48 (0/81) 44 66 200), [35]. 260 - 710 PLN.  edit


Tourist information in Lublin provides current information on the sightseeing, tourist, cultural and recreational attractiveness of Lublin and the Lubelski Region. Contact with Tourist Information Center: or +4881 532 44 12. See also the web page: [36]. There are three offices in the city center:

  • Old Town: Jezuicka St. 1/3, near Krakowska Gate, 10 minutes from Bus Station and 30 minutes (by bus:  1  ) from Railway Station; 9am-6pm, Saturdays: 10am-4pm, Sundays: 10am-3pm (Oct-Apr: 9am-5pm, Saturdays: 10am-3pm)
  • Old Town: Rynek 8 (Old Town Square), 8 minutes from Bus Station and 30 minutes (by bus:  1  ) from Railway Station;
  • City Center: Krakowskie Przedmieście, main street of the city, near KFC restaurant, 30 minutes (by trolleybus:  150  ) from Railway Station or 30 minutes (by bus:  10  ,  18  ,  57  ) from Bus Station.


Access to Internet by Wi-Fi:

  • City Hall - Łokietka Square. Free.
  • Era Mobile - Krakowskie Przedmieście St.
  • Europa Hotel - Krakowskie Przedmieście St. Free.
  • Galeria Olimp Shopping Center - Spółdzielczości Pracy Ave.
  • Galeria Orkana Shopping Center - Orkana St. Free.
  • IBM - Żagiel Shopping Center - 1 Maja St.
  • Lublin University of Technology - Nadbystrzycka St. and Wapienna St.
  • McDondald's Restaurant - Krakowskie Przedmieście St.
  • Mercure Unia Hotel
  • Motel Na Rogatce - Sielankowa St., Sławinek. Free.
  • Na Strychu Pub - Głeboka St. Free.
  • Old Town Square - Free.
  • Orange Mobile - Krakowskie Przedmieście St.
  • Pizza Hut / KFC - Racławickie Ave.
  • Plac Litewski - Litewski Square, city center. Free.
  • Plac Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej - Maria Curie-Skłodowska Square - central place of Maria Curie-Skłodowska University. Free.
  • Riley Snooker Club - Zygmuntowskie Ave. Free.
  • Saski Park and Leszczyńskiego St. Free.
  • Stolarnia Club - Stefczyka St., Bursaki. Free.
  • Victoria Hotel
  • Zemborzycki Lake - Free.
  • Consulate General of the Ukraine in Lublin (Konsulat Generalny Ukrainy w Lublinie), Kunickiego St. 24, phone: (+4881) 531-88-89, (+4881) 531-88-01, fax (+4881) 531-88-88, e-mail:
  • British Consulate in Lublin serviced by the Honorary Consul Jan Danilczuk (Konsulat Wielkiej Brytanii w Lublinie obsługiwany przez Konsula Honorowego, Jana Danilczuka), Beskidzka St. 9, phone: (+4881) 742-01-01, fax (+4881) 742-91-30, e-mail:
  • Honorary Consul of Brazil in Lublin, prof. Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz (Konsul Honorowy Brazylii w Lublinie prof. Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz), Maria Curie-Sklodowska Sq. 4a, phone: (+4881) 537-26-29, e-mail:
  • Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany in Lublin, prof. Andrzej Kidyba (Konsul Honorowy Republiki Federalnej Niemiec w Lublinie, prof. Andrzej Kidyba), Rynek 7, phone: (+4881) 743-65-43, fax (+4881) 743-73-26, e-mail:
  • Zamość - old town, often called "Pearl of the Renaissance", listed in the World Cultural Heritage List of UNESCO.
  • Kazimierz Dolny - charming Renaissance old town, located directly at the Vistula river
  • Kozłówka - a well-preserved palace and garden of an old, Polish noble family, now a museum
  • Chełm

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary




Proper noun

Lublin m.

  1. The largest city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodeship.
    Mieszkam w Lublinie. — I live in Lublin.


Singular only
Nominative Lublin
Genitive Lublina
Dative Lublinowi
Accusative Lublin
Instrumental Lublinem
Locative Lublinie
Vocative Lublinie

Derived terms

  • lublinianin m. (coll. lubliniak), lublinianka f.
  • adjective: lubelski

Simple English

Lublin is a city in eastern Poland. It's in the voivodship of Lublin. It has an area of 147.5 km2. About 354,000 people live in Lublin.


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