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Luc Besson

Besson at Taken preview, 2008
Born 18 March 1959 (1959-03-18) (age 50)
Paris, France
Occupation producer, director, screenwriter
Years active 1981–present
Spouse(s) Anne Parillaud (div.)
Milla Jovovich (1997–1999)
Virginie Silla (2004–)

Luc Besson (French pronunciation: [lyk bɛsɔ̃]; born 18 March 1959) is a French film director, writer and producer. He is the creator of EuropaCorp film company. He has been involved with over 50 films, spanning 26 years, as writer, director, and/or producer, including the Transporter series.

Contents

Early life

Besson was born in Paris to parents who were both Club Med scuba diving instructors. This had a profound influence on his childhood as Besson planned on becoming a marine biologist. He spent much of his youth traveling with his parents to tourist resorts in Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece.[1] The family returned to France when Besson was 10 years old. His parents promptly divorced and were remarried to other people. "Here there is two families, and I am the only bad souvenir of something that doesn't work", he said in the International Herald Tribune. "And if I disappear, then everything is perfect. The rage to exist comes from here. I have to do something! Otherwise I am going to die."[2]

At the age of 17 he had a diving accident which left him unable to dive. However, he has since fully recovered.[3]

"I was 17 and I wondered what I was going to do. ... So I took a piece of paper and on the left I put everything I could do, or had skills for, and all the things I couldn't do. The first line was shorter and I could see that I loved writing, I loved images, I was taking a lot of pictures. So I thought maybe movies would be good. But I thought that to really know I should go to a set. And a friend of mine knew a guy whose brother was a third assistant on a short film. It's true", he said in a 2000 interview with The Guardian.[4]

"So, I said: 'OK, let's go on the set.' So I went on the set ... The day after I went back to see my mum and told her that I was going to make films and stop school and 'bye. And I did it! Very soon after I made a short film and it was very, very bad. I wanted to prove that I could do something, so I made a short film. That was in fact my main concern, to be able to show that I could do one."[5]

Career

Out of boredom, he started to write stories, including the backdrop to what would later become one of his most popular movies, The Fifth Element[6] Besson directed and co-wrote the screenplay of this Sci-Fi thriller with the screenwriter, Robert Mark Kamen. The film is inspired by the French comic books Besson read as a teenager. He also reportedly worked on the first drafts of Le Grand Bleu while still in his teens.[7]

At 18, Besson returned to his birthplace of Paris.[3] There he started to become involved in film, taking on odd jobs to get a feel for the industry. He worked as an assistant to directors including Claude Faraldo and Patrick Grandperret. Besson also directed three short films, a commissioned documentary, and several commercials.[8]

After this, he moved to the United States for three years, but returned to form his own production company which he called "Les Films du Loup". The name was later changed to "Les Films du Dauphin".[3] In the early 1980s, Besson met Éric Serra and asked him to compose the score for his first short film, L'Avant dernier.[9]

In recent years, he has written and produced numerous action movies, including the Taxi and The Transporter series, and the Jet Li films Kiss of the Dragon and Unleashed/Danny the Dog. Besson was also in charge of the promotional movie which was presented to the IOC members for the bid of Paris for the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Luc had been nominated for Best Director and Best Picture César Awards for his films Léon (a.k.a. The Professional) and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc, but won Best Director and Best French Director for his film The Fifth Element.

Cinéma du look

Critics cite Besson as being a pivotal figure in the Cinéma du look movement, a specific style of film being made in the decade of the '80s into the early 1990s. Subway, The Big Blue and Nikita are all considered to be of this stylistic school. The term was coined in a 1989 essay in La Revue du cinema in which Besson was lumped with two other directors who shared "le look." These directors were said to favor style over substance, spectacle over narrative.[10]

Most of the filmmakers in the category, including Besson, squirmed uncomfortably at being labeled, particularly in light of their forebears: France's New Wave. "Jean-Luc Godard and François Truffaut were rebelling against existing cultural values and used cinema as a means of expression simply because it was the most avant-garde medium at the time", said Besson in The New York Times. "Today, the revolution is occurring entirely within the industry and is led by people who want to change the look of movies by making them better, more convincing and pleasurable to watch.

"Because it's becoming increasingly difficult to break into this field, we have developed a psychological armor and are ready to do anything in order to work", he added in this same interview. "I think our ardor alone is going to shake the pillars of the moviemaking establishment."[11]

Works

Many of Besson's films have achieved popular, if not critical success. One such film was Le Grand Bleu. "When the film had its premiere on opening night at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival, it was mercilessly drubbed, but no matter; it was a smash", observed the International Herald Tribune in a 2007 profile of Besson. "Embraced by young people who kept returning to see it again, the movie sold 10 million tickets and quickly became what the French call a film générationnel, a defining moment in the culture."[12]

Besson created the Arthur collection, which comprises Arthur and the Minimoys, Arthur and the Forbidden City, Arthur and the Vengeance of Maltazard and Arthur and the War of the Two Worlds. Besson directed Arthur and the Invisibles, an adaptation of the first two books of the collection. A part live-action, part-computer-generated animated film, it was released in the UK and the USA and starred Freddie Highmore, Madonna, Snoop Dogg, Mia Farrow, Robert De Niro and David Bowie.

Critical evaluation

American film critic Armond White has praised Besson, for whom he claims is one of the best film producers, for refining and revolutionizing action film, also stating that Besson dramatizes the struggle of his characters "as a conscientious resistance to human degradation",[13] unlike films of torture-porn genre.

Personal life

Besson was married to Anne Parillaud, who starred in Nikita, a film he wrote and directed. They have one daughter. He later dated model Maïwenn Le Besco. Their daughter, Shana Besson, was born in 1993. Besson married Milla Jovovich on 14 December 1997, but they divorced in 1999. On 28 August 2004, Besson married Virginie Silla, a film producer.

He has a total of four daughters : Juliette, Shana, Talia, Satine, and one son, Mao. The fifth child was born in 2005.[14]

Filmography

See Luc Besson filmography

Awards

Among Besson's many awards are the Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film Critics Prize, Fantasporto Audience Jury Award-Special Mention, Best Director, and Best Film, for Le Dernier Combat in 1983; The Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon-Best Director-Foreign Film, for La Femme Nikita, 1990; the Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film, Nil by Mouth, 1997; and the Best Director Cesar Award, for The Fifth Element, 1997.[7]

Videoclips

References

  1. ^ "Luc Besson", Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2008.
  2. ^ Luc Besson: The most Hollywood of French filmmakers - International Herald Tribune
  3. ^ a b c "Biography for Luc Besson". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000108/bio. Retrieved 5 March 2005.  
  4. ^ Luc Besson interviewed by Richard Jobson | | guardian.co.uk Film<
  5. ^ Luc Besson interviewed by Richard Jobson | | guardian.co.uk Film
  6. ^ EuroScreenwriters - Interviews with European Film Directors - Luc Besson
  7. ^ a b "Luc Besson." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, Volume 2: Directors, 4th ed. St. James Press, 2000.
  8. ^ Elley, Derek. "Pop pic auteur", Variety, 23 June 1997 v. 367 n. 8 pp. 44–45.
  9. ^ "Biography for Éric Serra". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0785385/bio. Retrieved 5 March 2005.  
  10. ^ Austin, Guy. Contemporary French Cinema: An Introduction, Manchester University Press, 1999, pp. 119–120, 126-128. ISBN 0719046114
  11. ^ Tremblay, Anne. "France Breeds a New Crop of Auteurs", The New York Times, 21 July 1985.
  12. ^ Luc Besson: The most Hollywood of French filmmakers - International Herald Tribune
  13. ^ White, Armond (28 January 2009). "We Need New Heroes: Taken" at New York Press. Retrieved on 1 February 2009.
  14. ^ "BESSON BECOMES A FATHER FOR THE FIFTH TIME", World Entertainment News Network, 29 September 2005.

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Patrice Leconte
for Ridicule
César Award for Best Director
for The Fifth Element

1998
Succeeded by
Patrice Chéreau
for Ceux qui m'aiment prendront le train







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