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City of Lucena
Lungsod ng Lucena

Map of Quezon showing the location of Lucena City Coordinates: 13°56' N, 121°37' E
Country Philippines
Region Region IV-A - CALABARZON
Province Quezon
Districts 2nd district of Quezon
Barangays 33
Incorporated (town) June 1, 1882
Incorporated (city) August 20, 1961
 - Mayor Don Ramón Y. Talaga Jr. (Lakas-CMD/Kampi)
 - Vice Mayor Philip M. Castillo (Lakas-CMD/PDSP)
 - Total 83.15 km2 (32.1 sq mi)
Elevation 15.2 m (50 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 236,390
 - Density 41,014/km2 (106,225.8/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 45

The City of Lucena (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lucena) is a first class highly urbanized medium sized city in the province of Quezon, Philippines. It is the capital city of Quezon and belongs to the 25 most competitive cities of the Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 236,390 people in 45,902 households. Nearby towns of Lucena are Pagbilao (east), Tayabas (north) and Sariaya (west).



Lucena City was originally a barrio of Tayabas town, then the capital of the Province of Tayabas (now Quezon) which was explored by Captain Juan de Salcedo in 1571 & 1572. Tayabas was organized by the Spaniards through the Franciscan missionaries.

One of the former names of Lucena was "Cotta" meaning a strong fort because forts or cottas were built to defend it from Muslim piratical raids. Spanish records mention the existence of cottas (Tagalog: kuta) along the coast of Lucena, particularly in Cotta itself and in the Barrio of Mayao, though these structures are no longer extant. Finally, on November 5, 1897, pursuant to an Orden Real Superior Civil, the community was named "Lucena." It became an independent municipality on June 1, 1882. The growth of local maritime trade facilitated in the Cotta port and the final defeat of Moro pirates plying the Luzon and Visayan waters, afforded the growth of Lucena as a town which eventually led to its being the capital of Tayabas province.

Popular knowledge attribute the origin of the name "Lucena" to the town of Lucena, Andalucia where the late Reverend Mariano Granja, the Franciscan pioneer parish priest was said to have earlier served (some even say that he was from this town). But according to the monumental work (Catalogo Biografico de los Religiosos Franciscanos de la Provincia de San Gregorio Magno de Filipinas), of a fellow Franciscan, Eusebio Gomez Platero, Fr. Granja was born in Paredes de Nava, diocese of Palencia, distant from Andalucia. Records also show that he had no previous post as priest of Lucena, Andalucia.

During the Philippine Revolution of 1896, the captain municipal of Lucena, Jose Zaballero, led the local revolutionaries. The local revolutionary government was organized by Manuel Argüelles, with José Barcelona as president. After the declaration of Philippine Independence, Gen. Malvar took over Tayabas Province on Aug. 15, 1898. Don Crisanto Marquez was elected municipal president during the first elections.

Lucena was the site of bloody struggles at the outbreak of the Filipino-American War in 1899. Upon the establishment of a civil government in the Province of Tayabas by the Americans on March 12, 1901, Lucena was made capital of the province after a bitter debate between Tayabas-born and Lucena-based officials. The decision to make Lucena as capital was primarily based on its strategic location. Unlike the former capital town (Tayabas), Lucena has access to the sea.

During World War II, Lucena was not spared at the hands of the Japanese who occupied the city on Dec. 27, 1941. Fortunately however, the city was not devastated by the war. The Hunter ROTC guerillas succeeded in driving out the Japanese on January 25, 1945 and consequently, Quezon Province was liberated by joint Filipino & American troops on April 4, 1945.

On June 17, 1961 by virtue of Republic Act No. 3271, sponsored by Cong. Manuel S. Enverga & Cong. Pascual Espinosa, Lucena became a chartered city. The City of Lucena was inaugurated on Aug. 20, 1962 after the occasion of the 84th birth anniversary of the late Pres. Manuel L. Quezon during Aug. 19.

Today Lucena is home to a population of 220,834 people (as of 2005) and is flourishing as an urban community and planning to build an Economic Zone.


The city proper is wedged between two rivers, Dumacaa River on the east and Iyam River on the west. Seven other rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. Its port on the coast along Tayabas Bay is home to several boat and ferry lines operating and serving the sea lanes between Lucena and the different points in the region and as far as the Visayas.

There exists a Lucena Airport, but no commercial flights come to the city. Light aircraft can, however, make use of the facilities.

Being the provincial capital, Lucena is host to most of the branches of governmental agencies, businesses, banks and service facilities in the Southern Tagalog region.


Although Lucena City is a highly-urbanized city, its charter permits its citizens to vote for provincial elective officials (provincial governor, vice governor, and board ).



Lucena is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

Barangay Urban/Rural 2007 Population
Barangay 1 (Pob.)
Barangay 2 (Pob.)
Barangay 3 (Pob.)
Barangay 4 (Pob.)
Barangay 5 (Pob.)
Barangay 6 (Pob.)
Barangay 7 (Pob.)
Barangay 8 (Pob.)
Barangay 9 (Pob.)
Barangay 10 (Pob.)
Barangay 11 (Pob.)
Mayao Castillo
Ibabang Dupay (Pob.)
Ibabang Iyam
Ibabang Talim
Ilayang Dupay
Ilayang Iyam
Ilayang Talim
Mayao Crossing
Mayao Kanluran
Mayao Parada
Mayao Silangan
Market View (Pob.)

Economic Activities

Economic activities in Lucena are heavily concentrated in the poblacion and other sub-urban barangays where the highly densed and constricted Central Business District (CBD) is home to a large cluster of different business enterprises. As population grows in tandem with new and promising business prospects, business activities spill over adjoining barangays, thus forming mini satellite commercial areas.

Other commercial strips are located at 10 suburban barangays where both retail and wholesale trade, including other essential services, are being engaged in. Big commercial depots and warehouses in these suburban barangays do business in sales, distribution, and transport of assorted business products in bulk.

Of the total 8,316.90 hectare land area of Lucena City, 19 percent or 1,651.77 hectares cover the existing built up area. Almost 3% of this or 46.62 hectares cover the industrial section, located in different barangays of the city. These areas are home to significant industrial and manufacturing activities.

Industry in Lucena produces a sustainable amount of agro-industrial based products, dried and smoked fish, distilled liquors, bamboo and rattan furniture, ornamental flowers/plants, vegetable as well as meat products.

Nestled amidst a wide expanse of coconut lands, Lucena has coconut oil mills which produce oil-based household products like cooking oil, soap, lard, margarine, and oil based medicines.The well known JnJ Oil, Exora cooking oil and Vegetable lard, Miyami Cooking Oil are proudly made in this city. Car assembly/manufacturing plants have also established in the city turning out quality vehicles and accessories while Manila-based car shops are starting to put up some branches.

Road network provides access from all key cities and towns in the island of Luzon to this highly urbanized capital. Well-paved radial and by-pass routes criss-crossing in and out of the city facilitate the transport of unlimited assortment of merchandise, supplies, and raw materials to and from the city on a round-the-clock basis.

Over the years, it was observed that a growing number of visitors from other places come to Lucena. Travelers of various types and sizes are drawn to Lucena because of modern facilities and good amenities that could be found in the city such as Quezon Convention Center, Kalilayan Civic Centre, Sentro Pastoral Auditorium, Alcala Sports Complex a two time host of a Palarong Pambansa, Manuel S. Enverga Gymnasium, and Sacred Heart College Gym and Marcial Punzalan Gymnasium

Dining Establishments

Lucena has several notable restaurants found all over the city. Some of the city’s prominent restaurants include Buddy's Restaurant which stands at the corner of Quezon Avenue and L Guinto Street and a branch at SM City Lucena, Apple & Peach Restaurant along the Maharlika Highway in Barangay Kanlurang Mayao, Zymurgy Cafe & Lounge on Granja Street, Hacienda Inn Restaurant along Quezon Avenue, Smallwillies at the corner of Smallwillies And Zamora Streets, Barrio Fiesta on Granja Street,JM Tsuki Japanese Restaurant in Pleasantville Subdivision, JM Premier Cuisine along Quezon Avenue, Giusseppe Bar y Restorante along Aurora Blvd., San Remo Italian Restaurant along M. H. Del Pilar, Don Vittorio's near Lucena Perez Park, and Isabel's Restaurant at the corner of Abellanosa and Tagarao Streets among others.

Fastfood chains are found in the shopping centers, Jollibee is first on the list, currently with 4 Branches, Mc Donald's with 2, Chowking with 3, Goldilocks with 3, Greenwich Pizza with 2, Red Ribbon with 3, KFC with 2, Happe Wee with 2, Mang Inasal also with 2 and a branch of the following: Rai Rai Ken, Gerry's Grill, Tokyo Tokyo, Pizza Hut, Nanay Gloria's Restaurant, Nid's Binalot, Hen Lin, Sizzling Plate, Inihaw, Bossbarn, Kusina ni Gracia, Silangang Nayon, Auntie Kima's Bacolod Chicken Inasal, and Lot's a Pizza with 3 Branches. Coffee Shops Like Mocha Blends, Metro Cafe, and Proudly Lucena Made Mug Cafe brewed night and day, 24 hour Bakeshops Like Pan De Manila and Gemini Bakeshop serve hot bread and pastries. Most of these establishments are found inside two large malls in Lucena, SM City Lucena and Pacific Mall Lucena.

Alternatively, the hotels and resorts found in the city also host notable dining establishments as well as recreational features. Some of the city’s finest hotels and resorts include the Diamond Mansion's D' Cafeteria Nook along the Maharlika Highway, Lucena Fresh Air Hotel in Barangay Isabang, Ouans Worth Farm on Diversion Road In Barangay Mayao Kanluran,Star Garden Tower Hotel's Sky Bar along Quezon Avenue, South Waters Marina and Country Clubs at Brgy Cotta, Castle Bernardina Hotel Beside SM City Lucena, Queen and Margarette Hotel's Kings Bar and Manila Extension on Diversion Road in Barangay Domoit and the newly opened 4-Star Hotel Grand Riviera at LGCT Complex.


Lucena City has a central transportation hub aptly called the Lucena Grand Central Terminal located in Barangay Ilayang Dupay, just midway through the Bicol Region and back. New and modern buses ply the route Buendia/LRT-Lucena, Cubao/Kamias-Lucena and Alabang/Starmall-Lucena. It serves not only Manila-bound buses but also buses going toward the upland and far-flung areas of Quezon province, particularly Bondoc Peninsula towns. Bus companies such as JAC Liner, Lucena Lines, JAM Transit/Liner and DeLa Rosa Bus Lines bring back and forth passengers to Manila and Lucena.

Lucena City also has a wide network of jeepney routes, all emanating from the city center (Bayan) and reaching out to the major barangays of the city, as well as nearby towns. Thousand of tricycles also roam the streets of the city, bringing passengers right at their point of destination. These tricycles usually are the mode of transport when night falls.

The Philippine National Railways is on the process of rehabilitating the Existing Manila-Bicol Railway Line, which includes stops in Quezon province, including Lucena, which traditionally then is a major loading & pick-up point for passengers and cargoes alike when the railway system was once the primary transportation mode going to Manila. Modern air-conditioned coaches will ply this route.

Educational Facilities

In 2006, the city has a literacy rate of 98.6 percent. It has eight (8) tertiary and fourteen (14) secondary schools including public and private.

The tertiary education system in Lucena provides instruction and training in various fields of study, both for baccalaureate degrees and vocational courses. Institutions offering degree programs in various fields including liberal arts, arts & sciences, engineering, and information technology are the ABE International College of Business and Economics along Quezon Avenue, Calayan Educational Foundation, Inc.(CEFI), City College of Lucena along the Maharlika Highway, Columbus College-Lucena, Catholic institutions of Sacred Heart College on Merchan Street, Maryhill College, Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation, Southern Luzon State University - Lucena Dual Training and Livelihood Center at the City Hall Annex with soon-to-open SLSU College of Medicine to be built at the Quezon Medical Center Compound, the Baptist Voice Bible College on Edano Street, Quezon Center for Research & Studies - Institute of Management (QCRS-IM.

The Inter-Global Maritime College in Barangay Bocohan provides programs in the maritime sciences. St. Anne College in Barangay Gulang-gulang is known for its BSHRM course, St. Augustine School of Nursing at Carlos City Center, AMA School of Nursing in front of Quezon Medical Center offers degrees in the allied medical sciences. The AMA Computer College -Lucena on M.L. Tagarao Street in Iyam, Informatics Lucena - Granja Street, Metro Data Computer Learning Center, Datamex Computer Studies -Enriquez Street, United Computer Educational Institute - Quezon Avenue, and STI College at the corner of Enriquez and Profugo Streets, Infra Comm Asia at Ocean Palace Mall are institutions for higher education that provide computer-related courses.

Aside from tertiary schools, the city also has a expanse footprint on the pre-school, primary and secondary levels of education, both in public and private schools.

Hospitals of Lucena

Lucena has both private and public hospitals that are capable of providing most common and advanced medical services, as well as in handling medical emergencies. Both types of institutions are considered to provide the same standard of healthcare and services, differing mainly with the medical and diagnostic facilities at hand.

These are staffed with qualified medical practitioners that are well-versed in English. The doctors are graduates of the many top reputable medical schools in the Philippines, with most have pursued further studies and training in the United States. Likewise, the nurses are also the products of the many credible nursing schools in the country. These same institutions have produced the many Filipino nurses working in the United States, Europe, Middle East, and other parts of the world.

Listed below are the hospitals and clinics found in Lucena City:

Lucena City Hospitals and Clinics

    • Lucena United Memorial District Hospital - 178 Merchan Street
    • Lucena MMG General Hospital - Maharlika Highway, Ibabang Dupay
    • Mt. Carmel Diocesan General Hospital - Allarey Extension
    • Lucena United Doctors Hospital - Barangay Isabang
    • St. Anne General Hospital - 51 Gomez Street
    • Quezon Medical Center (Quezon Memorial Hospital) - QMC Compound, Quezon Avenue
    • St. Mary's Hospital - Quezon Avenue
    • Quezon MMG Hospital - Quezon Avenue

External links

Coordinates: 13°56′N 121°37′E / 13.933°N 121.617°E / 13.933; 121.617


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