Lucille Ball: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

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Lucille Ball

Pin-up photo from Yank, the Army Weekly
Born Lucille Désirée Ball
August 6, 1911(1911-08-06)
Jamestown, New York, U.S.
Died April 26, 1989 (aged 77)[1]
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress, comedienne, model, film executive
Years active 1932–1989
Spouse(s) Desi Arnaz (m. 1940–1960) «start: (1940)–end+1: (1961)»"Marriage: Desi Arnaz to Lucille Ball" Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucille_Ball) (divorced)
Gary Morton (m. 1961–1989) «start: (1961)–end+1: (1990)»"Marriage: Gary Morton to Lucille Ball" Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucille_Ball) (her death)

Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, model, film and television executive, and star of the sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Here's Lucy. One of the most popular and influential stars in America during her lifetime, with one of Hollywood's longest careers,[2] especially on television, Ball was acting in the 1930s, becoming a B-movie star in the 1940s and a television star in the 1950s. She was still making films in the 1960s and 1970s. She was a radio actress during the 1940s, as well.

Ball received thirteen Emmy Award nominations and four wins.[3] She was the recipient of the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1979, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center Honors in 1986 and the Governors Award from the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences in 1989.[4]

In 1929, Ball landed work as a model and later began her performing career on Broadway using the stage name Dianne Belmont. She appeared in many small movie roles in the 1930s as a contract player for RKO Radio Pictures. Ball was labeled as the "Queen of the Bs" (referring to her many roles in B-films). In 1951, Ball was pivotal in the creation of the television series I Love Lucy. The show co-starred her then husband, Desi Arnaz as Ricky Ricardo and Vivian Vance and William Frawley as Ethel and Fred Mertz, the Ricardos' landlords and friends. After the show ended in 1957, Ball went on to star in two more successful television series: The Lucy Show, which ran on CBS from 1962 to 1968, and Here's Lucy from 1968 to 1974. Her last attempt at a television series was a 1986 show called Life with Lucy. The show proved to be a critical and commercial flop which was canceled less than two months into its run by ABC.[5]

Ball met and eloped with Cuban bandleader Desi Arnaz in 1940. On July 17, 1951, almost 40 years old, Ball gave birth to their first child, Lucie Désirée Arnaz.[6] A year and a half later, Ball gave birth to their second child, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV, known as Desi Arnaz, Jr.[7] Ball and Arnaz divorced on May 4, 1960.

On April 26, 1989, Ball died of a dissecting aortic aneurysm, aged 77.[8] At the time of her death, she had been married to her second husband, standup comedian and business partner Gary Morton, for twenty-eight years.[9]

Contents

Early life and career

Ball was born to Henry Durrell Ball (September 16, 1886 – February 19, 1915) and Desiree "DeDe" Evelyn Hunt (September 21, 1892 – July 20, 1977) in Jamestown, New York. Although Lucy was born in the Jamestown suburb, she told many people that she was born in Butte, Montana.[10] At age 3, her family moved to Anaconda, Montana and then to Trenton, Michigan.[11] Her family was Baptist; her father was of Scottish descent, and his mother was Mary Ball.[12] Her mother was of French, Irish and English descent.[13] Her genealogy can be traced back to the earliest settlers in the colonies.[14]

Her father, a telephone lineman for Anaconda Copper, was frequently transferred because of his occupation, and within three years of her birth, Lucille had moved many times, from Jamestown to Anaconda, and then to Trenton.[15] While DeDe Ball was pregnant with her second child, Frederick, Henry Ball contracted typhoid fever and died in February 1915.[16]

After her father died, Ball and her brother Fred were raised by her mother and grandparents.[17] Her grandfather, Fred Hunt, was an eccentric socialist who also enjoyed the theater. He frequently took the family to vaudeville shows and encouraged young Lucy to take part in both her own and school plays.[18]

In 1927, Ball dated a gangster's son by the name of Johnny DeVita. Because of this relationship, her mother decided to ship Ball off to the John Murray Anderson School for the Dramatic Arts in New York City.[19] There, Ball attended with fellow actress Bette Davis. Ball went home a few weeks later when drama coaches told her that she "had no future at all as a performer".[20]

Ball was determined to prove her teachers wrong, and returned to New York City in 1929. She landed work as a fashion model. Her career was thriving when she became ill with rheumatoid arthritis and was unable to work for two years.[21] She moved to New York City once again in 1932 to resume her pursuit of a career as an actress, and had some success as a fashion model for designer Hattie Carnegie and as the Chesterfield cigarette girl. She began on Broadway as Dianne Belmont. She was hired—but then quickly fired—by theatre impresario Earl Carroll from his Vanities, and by Florenz Ziegfeld from a touring company of Rio Rita.[22]

She was let go from the Shubert brothers production of Stepping Stones.[18] After an uncredited stint as one of the Goldwyn Girls in Roman Scandals (1933) she permanently moved to Hollywood to appear in films. She appeared in many small movie roles in the 1930s as a contract player for RKO Radio Pictures, including movies with the Three Stooges (Three Little Pigskins, 1934) and the Marx Brothers (Room Service, 1938). She can also be seen as one of the featured models in the Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers film Roberta (1935) and briefly as the flower girl in Top Hat (1935), as well as a brief supporting role at the beginning of Follow the Fleet (1936)[23] another Astaire-Rogers film. Ginger Rogers was a distant cousin of Ball's on her mother's side of the family. She and Rogers played aspiring actresses in the hit film Stage Door (1937) co-starring Katharine Hepburn. Ball was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s, but she never achieved major stardom from her appearance in those films.[24]

from the trailer for Stage Door (1937)

She was known in many Hollywood circles as "Queen of the B's"—a title previously held by Fay Wray—starring in a number of B-movies, such as 1939's Five Came Back.[25] Like many budding starlets Ball picked up radio work to earn side income as well as gain exposure. In 1937 she appeared as a regular on The Phil Baker Show. When that completed its run in 1938, Ball joined the cast of The Wonder Show, starring future Wizard of Oz tin man Jack Haley. It was here that she began her fifty year professional relationship with Gale Gordon, who served as the show's announcer. The Wonder Show only lasted one season, with the final episode airing on April 7, 1939.[26]

In 1940, Ball met Cuban-born bandleader Desi Arnaz while filming the film version of the Rodgers and Hart stage hit Too Many Girls. Ball and Arnaz connected immediately and eloped the same year. Arnaz was drafted to the United States Army in 1942. He ended up being classified for limited service due to a knee injury. As a result, Arnaz stayed in Los Angeles, organizing and performing USO shows for wounded GIs being brought back from the Pacific. That same year, Ball appeared opposite Henry Fonda in The Big Street, in which she plays a paralyzed nightclub singer and Fonda portrays a busboy who idolizes her.

Ball filed for a divorce in 1944. Shortly after Ball obtained an interlocutory, however, she reconciled with Arnaz.[27] Ball and Arnaz were only six years apart in age but apparently believed that it was less socially acceptable for an older woman to marry a younger man, and hence split the difference in their ages, both claiming a 1914 birth date until this was disproved.[28]

I Love Lucy and Desilu

Ball as Lucy, Vivian Vance as Ethel on the "Job Switching" episode of I Love Lucy

In 1948, Ball was cast as Liz Cugat (later "Cooper"), a wacky wife, in My Favorite Husband, a radio program for CBS Radio. The program was successful, and CBS asked her to develop it for television. She agreed, but insisted on working with Arnaz. CBS executives were reluctant, thinking the public would not accept an All-American redhead and a Cuban as a couple. CBS was initially not impressed with the pilot episode produced by the couple's Desilu Productions company, so the couple toured the road in a vaudeville act with Lucy as the zany housewife wanting to get in Arnaz's show. The tour was a smash, and CBS put I Love Lucy on their lineup.[29] The I Love Lucy show was not only a star vehicle for Lucille Ball, but a way for her to try to salvage her marriage to Desi Arnaz, which had become badly strained, in part by the fact that each had a hectic performing schedule which often kept them apart.

Along the way, she created a television dynasty and reached several "firsts". Ball was the first woman in television to be head of a production company: Desilu, the company that she and Arnaz formed. After buying out her by-then ex-husband's share of the studio, Ball functioned as a very active studio head.[30] Desilu and I Love Lucy pioneered a number of methods still in use in television production today.[31] During this time Ball taught a thirty-two week comedy workshop at the Brandeis-Bardin Institute. Ball is quoted as saying, "You cannot teach someone comedy, either they have it or they don't."[32]

When the show premiered, most shows were aired live from New York City studios to Eastern and Central Time Zone audiences, and captured by kinescope for broadcast later to the West Coast. The kinescope picture was inferior to film, and as a result the West Coast broadcasts were inferior to those seen elsewhere in the country. Ball and Arnaz wanted to remain in their Los Angeles home, but the time zone logistics made that broadcast norm impossible. Prime time in L.A. was too late at night on the East Coast to air a major network series, meaning the majority of the TV audience would be seeing not only the inferior picture of kinescopes but seeing them at least a day later.[33]

Sponsor Philip Morris did not want to show day-old kinescopes to the major markets on the East Coast, yet neither did they want to pay for the extra cost filming, processing and editing would require, pressuring Ball and Arnaz to relocate to New York City. Ball and Arnaz offered to take a pay cut to finance filming, on the condition that their company, Desilu, would retain the rights to that film once it was aired. CBS relinquished the show rights back to Desilu after initial broadcast, not realizing they were giving away a valuable and durable asset. Desilu made many millions of dollars on I Love Lucy rebroadcasts through syndication and became a textbook example of how a show can be profitable in second-run syndication. In television's infancy, the concept of the rerun hadn't yet formed, and many in the industry wondered who would want to see a program a second time.[34] In fact, while other celebrated shows of the period exist only in incomplete sets of kinescopes mostly too degraded to show to subsequent generations of television viewers, I Love Lucy has virtually never gone out of syndication since it began, seen by hundreds of millions of people around the world over the past half century. The success of Ball and Arnaz's gamble was instrumental in drawing television production from New York to Hollywood for the next several decades.[35]

Desilu hired legendary German cameraman Karl Freund as their director of photography. Freund had worked for F.W. Murnau and Fritz Lang, shot part of Metropolis (1927) and had directed a number of Hollywood films himself. Freund used a three-camera setup, which became the standard way of filming situation comedies.[36] Shooting long shots, medium shots, and close-ups on a comedy in front of a live audience demanded discipline, technique, and close choreography. Among other non-standard techniques used in filming the show, cans of paint (in shades ranging from white to medium gray) were kept on set to "paint out" inappropriate shadows and disguise lighting flaws.[31][37]

I Love Lucy dominated the weekly TV ratings in the United States for most of its run. (There was an attempt to adapt the show for radio; the cast and writers adapted the memorable "Breaking the Lease" episode -- in which the Ricardos and Mertzes fall out over an argument, the Ricardos threaten to move, but they're stuck in a firm lease—for a radio audition disc that never aired but has survived.) In the scene where Lucy and Ricky are practicing the tango in the episode "Lucy Does The Tango", the longest recorded studio audience laugh in the history of the show was produced. It was so long, in fact, that the sound editor had to cut that particular part of the soundtrack in half.[38] The strenuous rehearsals and demands of Desilu studio kept the Arnazes too busy to comprehend the show's success. During the show's production breaks they starred together in feature films: Vincente Minnelli's The Long, Long Trailer (1954) and Alexander Hall's Forever, Darling (1956).

Desilu produced several other popular shows, most notably Our Miss Brooks (starring Ball's 1937 Stage Door co-star Eve Arden), The Untouchables, Star Trek, and Mission: Impossible. Many other shows, particularly Sheldon Leonard-produced series like Make Room for Daddy, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Andy Griffith Show, and I Spy, were filmed at Desilu Studios and bear its logo.

Testimony Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities

In 1953, Ball was subpoenaed by the House Committee on Un-American Activities because she had registered to vote in the Communist party primary election in 1936 at her socialist grandfather's insistence (per FBI FOIA-released documents in a declassified FBI file).[39] Immediately before the filming of episode 68 ("The Girls Go Into Business") of I Love Lucy, Arnaz, instead of his usual audience warm-up, told the audience about Lucy and her grandfather. Arnaz quipped: "The only thing red about Lucy is her hair, and even that's not legitimate." Then, he presented his wife and she received a standing ovation from the audience.[18]

Children and divorce

Lucille Ball, with her husband Desi Arnaz in 1953.

On July 17, 1951, one month before her fortieth birthday and after several miscarriages, Ball gave birth to her first child, Lucie Désirée Arnaz.[6] A year and a half later, Ball gave birth to her second child, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV, known as Desi Arnaz, Jr.[7] When he was born, I Love Lucy was a solid ratings hit, and Ball and Arnaz wrote the pregnancy into the show (indeed, Ball gave birth in real life on the same day that her Lucy Ricardo character gave birth).[7] There were several challenges from CBS, insisting that a pregnant woman could not be shown on television, nor could the word "pregnant" be spoken on-air. After approval from several religious figures the network allowed the pregnancy storyline, but insisted that the word "expecting" be used instead of "pregnant". (Arnaz garnered laughs when he deliberately mispronounced it as "'spectin'").[40] The episode's official title was "Lucy Is Enceinte", borrowing the French word for pregnant;[15] however, episode titles never appeared on the show. The birth made the first cover of TV Guide in January 1953.[41]

Ball's instincts with business were often astonishingly sharp, and her love for Arnaz was passionate, but her relationships with her children were sometimes strained. Lucie Arnaz, her daughter, spoke of her mother's "controlling" nature.[42] Ball was outspoken against the relationship that Desi Jr. had with Liza Minnelli. She was quoted as saying, "I miss Liza, but you cannot domesticate Liza."[43] Her close friends in the business included: Ginger Rogers, Vivian Vance, Mary Wickes and Carole Cook.

In October 1956, Ball, Vivian Vance, Desi Arnaz, and William Frawley all appeared on a Bob Hope special on NBC, including a spoof of I Love of Lucy, the only time all four stars were together on a color telecast.

By the end of the 1950s, Desilu had become a large company, causing a good deal of stress for both Ball and Arnaz; his increased drinking further compounded matters.[44] On May 4, 1960, just one month after filming the final episode of The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, the couple divorced. Until his death in 1986, however, Arnaz and Ball remained friends and often spoke very fondly of each other.[45] Her real-life divorce indirectly found its way into her later television series, as she was always cast as a single woman.[46][47]

The following year, Ball did a musical on Broadway, Wildcat, co-starring Paula Stewart.[48] It was Stewart who introduced her to second husband Gary Morton, a Borscht Belt stand-up comic who was thirteen years her junior.[9] Morton claimed he had never seen an episode of I Love Lucy due to his hectic work schedule.[43] That marked the beginning of a thirty-year friendship between Lucy and Paula Stewart. Ball immediately installed Morton in her production company, teaching him the television business and eventually promoting him to producer. Morton also played occasional bit parts on Ball's various series.[43]

Later career

The 1960 Broadway musical Wildcat ended its run early when Ball became too ill to continue in the show.[43] The show was the source of the song she made famous, "Hey, Look Me Over", which she performed with Paula Stewart on The Ed Sullivan Show. She made a few more movies including Yours, Mine, and Ours (1968), and the musical Mame (1974), and two more successful long-running sitcoms for CBS: The Lucy Show (1962–68), which costarred Vance and Gale Gordon, and Here's Lucy (1968–74), which also featured Gordon, as well Lucy's real life children, Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. Ball appeared on the Dick Cavett show and spoke of her history and life with Arnaz. She revealed how she felt about other actors and actresses as well as her love for Arnaz. She continued by telling Cavett that the success to her life was, "getting rid of what was wrong and replacing it with what is right". (Talking about her divorce from Arnaz and marriage to Morton) Ball revealed in this interview that the strangest thing to ever happen to her was after she had some dental work completed and after placing lead fillings in her teeth, she started hearing radio stations in her head. She explained coming home one night from the studio and as she passed one area, she heard what she thought was morse code or a "tapping". She stated that "As I backed up it got stronger. The next morning, I reported it to the authorities and upon investigation, they found a Japanese radio transmitter that had been buried and was actively transmitting codes back to the Japanese."[32][49]

Ball was originally considered by Frank Sinatra for the role of Mrs. Iselin in The Manchurian Candidate. Director/producer John Frankenheimer, however, had worked with Angela Lansbury in a mother role in another film and insisted on having her for the part.[50]

Ball at her last public appearance at the 61st Academy Awards in 1989 just four weeks before her death

During the mid-1980s, she attempted to resurrect her television career. In 1982, Ball hosted a two-part Three's Company retrospective, showing clips from the show's first five seasons, summarizing memorable plotlines, and commenting on her love of the show.[51] A 1985 dramatic made-for-TV film about an elderly homeless woman, Stone Pillow, received mixed reviews. Her 1986 sitcom comeback Life With Lucy, costarring her longtime foil Gale Gordon and co-produced by Ball, Gary Morton, and prolific producer/former actor Aaron Spelling, was a critical and commercial flop which was canceled less than two months into its run by ABC.[5] The failure of this series was said to have sent Ball into a serious depression, and other than a few miscellaneous awards show appearances, she was absent from the public eye for the last several years of her life. Her last public appearance, just one month before her death, was at the 1989 Academy Awards telecast in which she and fellow presenter, Bob Hope, were given a standing ovation.

Death

On April 18, 1989, Ball complained of chest pains and was rushed to the emergency room of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. She was diagnosed as having a dissecting aortic aneurysm and underwent heart surgery for nearly eight hours. The surgery was successful, and Ball began recovering, even walking around her room with little assistance.[8] On April 26, shortly after dawn, Ball awoke with severe back pains. Her aorta had ruptured in a second location and Ball quickly lost consciousness. All attempts to revive her proved unsuccessful, and, at approximately 05:47 PST, she died. She was 77 years old.[8] Her cremated remains were initially interred in Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, but in 2002 her children moved her ashes to the family plot at Lake View Cemetery in Jamestown, New York, where Ball's mother, father, brother, and grandparents are buried.[42]

Legacy and posthumous recognition

Ball received many prestigious awards throughout her career including some received posthumously such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H. W. Bush on July 6, 1989.[52] The Women's International Center's Living Legacy Award.[53]

There is a Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Center museum in Lucy's hometown of Jamestown, New York. The Little Theatre was renamed the Lucille Ball Little Theatre in her honor.[54] Ball was among Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the Century.[55]

On August 6, 2001, on what would have been her ninetieth birthday, the United States Postal Service honored her with a commemorative postage stamp as part of its Legends of Hollywood series.[56] Ball appeared on the cover of TV Guide more than any other person; she appeared on thirty-nine covers, including the very first cover in 1953, with her baby son Desi Arnaz, Jr.[57] TV Guide voted Lucille Ball as the Greatest TV Star of All Time and later it commemorated the fiftieth anniversary of I Love Lucy with eight collector covers celebrating memorable scenes from the show and in another instance they named I Love Lucy the second best television program in American history, after Seinfeld.[58] Because of her liberated mindset and approval of the women's movement, Ball was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[59]

Finally, she was awarded the Legacy of Laughter award at the fifth Annual TV Land Awards in 2007.[60] and I Love Lucy was named the Greatest TV Series by Hall of Fame Magazine.[21] In November of that year, Lucille Ball was chosen as the second out of the 50 Greatest TV Icons, after Johnny Carson. In a poll done by the public, however, they chose her as the greatest icon.[61]

Further reading

  • Lucille The Life of Lucille Ball by Kathleen Brady (2001) ISBN 0-8230-8913-4
  • Love, Lucy by Lucille Ball (1997). ISBN 0-425-17731-9
  • The Comic DNA of Lucille Ball: Interpreting the Icon by Michael Karol (2005) ISBN 0-595-37951-6
  • Lucy A to Z: The Lucille Ball Encyclopedia by Michael Karol (2004) ISBN 0-595-29761-7
  • The Lucille Ball Quiz Book by Michael Karol (2004) ISBN 0-595-31857-6
  • Lucy in Print by Michael Karol (2003) ISBN 0-595-29321-2
  • Desilu: The Story of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz by Coyne Steven Sanders and Tom Gilbert (1993) ISBN 0-688-13514-5
  • Laughing With Lucy: My Life With America's Leading Lady of Comedy by Madelyn Pugh Davis with Bob Carroll Jr. (2005) ISBN 978-1-57860-247-6
  • Ball of Fire: the tumultuous life and comic art of Lucille Ball by Stefan Kanfer (2003) ISBN 0-375-41315-4
  • I Love Lucy: The Complete Picture History of the Most Popular TV Show Ever by Michael McClay (1995) ISBN 0-446-51750-X (hardcover)

References

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  19. ^ Entertainment Celebrities - Google Book Search. Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=mzTW9Nitee4C&pg=PA736&lpg=PA736&dq=Lucille+Ball+dates+Johnny+Devita&source=web&ots=EuW9OxGj1c&sig=T41q1fSgQ8nJZTpGpBWa1d8ik1s&hl=en#PPA736,M1. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Ball dates Johnny DeVile and moves to NYC to attend school" 
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  35. ^ "Stars of the living room". Los Angeles Times. http://www.calendarlive.com/tv/cl-ca-125tv21may21,0,5824081.htmlstory. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Arnaz and Ball bring tv show to Los Angeles" 
  36. ^ Adir, Karin (2001). The Great Clowns of American Television (McFarland Classics). Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Company. pp. 4–10. ISBN 0-7864-1303-4. 
  37. ^ Gilbert, Tom; Sanders, Coyne Steven (1994). Desilu: The Story of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. New York: HarperEntertainment. pp. 72–81. ISBN 0-688-13514-5. 
  38. ^ Hofstede, David (2006). 5000 Episodes and No Commercials: The Ultimate Guide to TV Shows on DVD 2007. New York: Back Stage Books. pp. 149. ISBN 0-8230-8456-6. "Longest laugh in television history" 
  39. ^ Ball, TV Museum archives a the Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved on 05-10-2007
  40. ^ "Celebrity Commercials in TV's Golden Age". teletronics.com. http://www.teletronic.co.uk/ustvads.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "The word "pregnant" replaces with "expecting"" 
  41. ^ "Biography of Lucille Ball, famous TV clown". Clown Ministries. http://www.clown-ministry.com/index_1.php?/site/articles/biography_of_lucille_ball_famous_tv_clown. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Ball makes cover of TV Guide with pregnancy episode" 
  42. ^ a b "Lucille Ball's grave". Hollywoodusa.com. http://www.hollywoodusa.co.uk/HollHillsObituaries/lucilleball.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Lucy Jr. speaks of her mothers controlling nature" 
  43. ^ a b c d Kanfer, Stefan (2003). Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball. New York: A.A. Knopf. pp. 35–37. ISBN 0-375-41315-4. "Ball talks about her dislike of Liza dating her son" 
  44. ^ "Desi Arnaz History". Desi History. http://members.tripod.com/TropicanaNightclub/desihistory.html. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Arnaz' drinking problem" 
  45. ^ "lucilleinfo_.htm". Library.Thinkquest. http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215629/lucilleinfo_.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Ball and Arnaz remain friends after their divorce" 
  46. ^ "Powell's Books - Review-a-Day - Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball by Stefan Kanfer, reviewed by The New Republic Online". Powell's Books. http://www.powells.com/review/2003_09_25.html. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Ball's real life divorce makes it into her new shows as showing her as a single woman" 
  47. ^ Kanfer, Stefan (2003). Ball of fire: the tumultuous life and comic art of Lucille Ball. New York: A.A. Knopf. pp. 72–84. ISBN 0375413154. "Ball and Arnaz remain friends" 
  48. ^ ""Wildcat" - Original Broadway Cast". Geocities. http://www.geocities.com/TelevisionCity/6066/wildcat.html. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Ball does "Wildcat"" 
  49. ^ Snopes.com investigates Lucy's dental filling story
  50. ^ Frankenheimer's DVD audio commentary
  51. ^ "TV Land March 2007 --To Be Continued Free Fridays; Three's Company 30th Anniversary - Sitcoms Online Message Boards". TV Land. http://www.sitcomsonline.com/boards/showthread.php?t=192779. Retrieved 2008-04-06. "Ball hosts Three's Company reflective" 
  52. ^ "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient Lucille Ball, "I Love Lucy"". Medal of Freedom. http://www.medaloffreedom.com/LucilleBall.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Ball given the Medal of Freedom" 
  53. ^ "Welcome to Women's International Center". Women's International Center. http://www.wic.org. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Living Legacy Award" 
  54. ^ "The Lucille Ball Little Theater of Jamestown, Inc.". Designsmiths. http://www.designsmiths.net/lucilleball/index.html. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Renaming of the "Little Theater" in Jamestown, New York" 
  55. ^ "TIME Magazine: TIME 100 - People of the Century". Time. http://www.time.com/time/time100/index_2000_time100.html. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Ball named one of Times 100 People of the Century" 
  56. ^ "USPS - Stamp Release No. 01-057 - Legendary Hollywood Star Lucille Ball Honored on U.S. Postage Stamp". US Post Office. http://www.usps.com/news/2001/philatelic/sr01_057.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Ball honored on a Postage Stamp" 
  57. ^ "Lucille Ball - Photos, Bio and News for Lucille Ball". TV Guide. http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/lucille-ball/163025#+http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/lucille-ball/163025#. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Lucy appears on thirty-nine covers of TV guide" 
  58. ^ "TiVo Community Forums Archives - TV Guide's 50 Best Shows of All Time". TV Guide. http://archive.tivocommunity.com/tivo-vb/history/topic/56036-1.html+http://archive.tivocommunity.com/tivo-vb/history/topic/56036-1.html. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "TV Guide's second greatest or most influential show of all time" 
  59. ^ "National Women's Hall of Fame". Great Women Organization. http://www.greatwomen.org. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Ball inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame" 
  60. ^ "TV Land loves Lucy". Los Angeles Times. April 15, 2007. http://theenvelope.latimes.com/tv/la-env-tvland15apr15,0,2045170.story?coll=env-tv. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  61. ^ Associated Press (November 16, 2007). "Carson tops list of 50 greatest TV icons". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21772917. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Things said in embarrassment and anger are seldom the truth, but are said to hurt and wound the other person. Once said, they can never be taken back.

Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedian, actress and star of the landmark sitcom I Love Lucy, and charter member of the Television Hall of Fame.

Sourced

  • Knowing what you can not do is more important than knowing what you can do. In fact, that's good taste.
    • Quoted in Eleanor Harris, The Real Story of Lucille Ball, ch. 1 (1954)
  • You see much more of your children once they leave home.
    • Quoted in Carolyn Warner, The Last Word, ch. 16 (1992)

Love, Lucy (1996)

  • I don't suppose that hard work, discipline, and a perfectionist attitude toward my work did me any harm. They are a big part of my makeup today, as any of my co-workers will tell you. And when life seemed unbearable, I learned to live in my imagination, and to step inside other people's skins- indispensable abilities for an actress.
    • Pages 9-10
  • People with happy childhoods never overdo; they don't strive or exert themselves. They're moderate, pleasant, well liked, and good citizens. Society needs them. But the tremendous drive and dedication necessary to succeed in any field- not only show business- often seems to be rooted in a disturbed childhood. I wasn't an unloved or an unwanted child, but I was moved around a lot, and then death and cruel circumstances brought many painful separations.
    • Page 21
Children internalize their parents' unhappiness. Fortunately, they absorb our contentment just as readily.
  • Here's what I advise any young struggling actress today: The important thing is to develop as a woman first, and a performer second. You wouldn't prostitute yourself to get a part, not if you're in the right mind. You won't be happy, whatever you do, unless you're comfortable with your own conscience.
    • Page 42
  • Russell Markert, Lela Rogers, Ed Sedgwick- these were but a few of the experienced theater people who generously gave me a boost. I have a theory about the assists we get in life. Only rarely can we repay those people who helped us, but we can pass that help along to others. That's why, in 1958, I reactivated Lela's theater workshop with two dozen talented kids trying to get started in show business.
    • Page 79
  • My ideal of womanhood has always been the pioneer woman who fought and worked at her husband's side. She bore the children, kept the home fires burning; she was the hub of the family, the planner and the dreamer.
    • Page 113
  • This was the heyday of the movies; it was hard to keep a level head and one's sense of values. MGM made over-worked, spoiled idols out of Judy Garland, Mickey Rooney, and Elizabeth Taylor; it wasn't the kids' fault, nor the studio's, it was the System. I too was on the spoiling list for a while, but I didn't go along with it.
    • Page 137
  • I closed my eyes, put blinders on, and ignored what was too painful to think about. I tried to view my troubles less seriously, and worry less. I tried to curb my temper. Things said in embarrassment and anger are seldom the truth, but are said to hurt and wound the other person. Once said, they can never be taken back.
    • Page 141
My ideal of womanhood has always been the pioneer woman who fought and worked at her husband's side. She bore the children, kept the home fires burning; she was the hub of the family, the planner and the dreamer.
  • For there's a lot of masochism in the acting profession. We're willing to take a lot of punishment, but the minute we hit a little bit of success we are liable to run from it. We're frightened of it and develop all kinds of phobias as a consequence. Outsiders who don't understand think we have a chip on our shoulder, but it's not that at all. We're so used to failure, to being hurt and rebuffed, that we can easily come unhinged by success.
    • Page 197
  • When you're too mad and too rattled to see straight, you're bound to make mistakes. You can't go on and on for years being miserable about a situation and not have it change you. You get so you can't stand yourself.
    • Page 212
  • Children internalize their parents' unhappiness. Fortunately, they absorb our contentment just as readily.
    • Page 235

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