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"Lucky Star"
Single by Madonna
from the album Madonna
B-side "I Know It"
Released November 12, 1983
Format 7", 12", CD single
Recorded 1983
Genre Dance-pop
Length 5:37 (Album Version)
3:37 (The Immaculate Collection and Celebration versions)
Label Sire, Warner Bros.
Writer(s) Madonna
Producer Reggie Lucas
Madonna singles chronology
"Holiday"
(1983)
"Lucky Star"
(1983)
"Borderline"
(1984)

"Lucky Star" is a song by American recording artist Madonna from her debut studio album of the same name. Released on November 12, 1983, by Sire Records, it was the fifth and the last single from the album. The song also appears on her hits compilations The Immaculate Collection (1990) and Celebration (2009). "Lucky Star" was written by Madonna and produced by Reggie Lucas. However, during recording, Madonna was not impressed by Lucas' version. She called her then boyfriend John "Jellybean" Benitez to remix the track according to her ideas. "Lucky Star" is a medium-paced dance track and combines the heavy beats of a drum with the sounds of a guitar played in a high riff. The lyrics juxtapose the male body with the heavenly stars in the sky.

Both contemporary and old critics have praised the song, heralding it as the introduction to upbeat dance music. "Lucky Star" became Madonna's first top-five hit on the Billboard Hot 100, when it reached the peak position of four, becoming the first of fifteen consecutive top five hits. It had already become Madonna's first number-one song on the Billboard dance charts, when it peaked the chart alongside previously released single "Holiday".

The music video portrayed Madonna dancing in front of a white background, accompanied by her dancers. After the video was released, Madonna's style and mannerisms became a fashion trend among the younger generation. Scholars noted that in the video, Madonna portrayed to herself as narcissistic and an ambiguous character. She referred herself as the lucky star, unlike the lyrical meaning of the song. Madonna performed the song in a number of live appearances, most recently at the Confessions Tour (2006). It has also been covered by a number of artists.

Contents

Background

In 1983, Madonna was recording her first studio album with Warner Music producer Reggie Lucas and her then boyfriend John "Jellybean" Benitez.[1] However, she did not have that much new material to ensure a full LP album.[2] Lucas produced a number of songs for the album, namely "Borderline", "Burning Up", "Physical Attraction", "I Know It", "Think of Me" and lastly "Lucky Star". The song was written by Madonna for DJ Mark Kamins, who previously promised to play the track at his club Danceteria, where he worked as a DJ.[1] However, the track was instead used by Madonna for her debut album, which she planned to call Lucky Star.[1] She believed that "Lucky Star" song, along with "Borderline", were the perfect foundation for her album. But problems arose after recording the song. Madonna was unhappy with the way the final version turned out. According to her, Lucas used too many instruments and did not consider her ideas for the songs.[3] This led to a dispute between the two and after finishing the album, Lucas left the project without altering the songs to Madonna's specifications. Hence, Madonna brought Benitez to remix "Borderline" and "Lucky Star", along with some of the other recorded tracks.[3] In a later interview, Benitez reflected back on the recording sessions and commented,

"She was unhappy with the whole damn thing, so I went in and sweetened up a lot of music for her, adding some guitars to 'Lucky Star', some voices, some magic. [...] I just wanted to do the best job I could do for her. When we would playback 'Holiday' or 'Lucky Star', you could see that she was overwhelmed by how great it all sounded. You wanted to help her, you know? As much as she could be a bitch, when you were in groove with her, it was very cool, very creative."[4]

"Lucky Star" was initially decided to be released as the third single from the album, but "Holiday" had already become a dance-hit in the United States. Hence it was released as the fifth and the final single from the album.[2]

Composition

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Musically a medium-paced dance track, it starts off with a sparkle of synth note and is followed by heavy beats of electronic drum and handclaps.[5] A guitar is played in high riff and a bubbling bass synth is produced to accompany the guitar sound.[5] The song revolves around the "Starlight, starbright" hook for more than a minute, before going to the chorus. According to author Rikky Rooksby, the lyrics are repetitive and inane and revolves around the transparent ambiguity of the stars and juxtaposition of the male character with being a heavenly body in the sky.[5] The song is set in the time signature of common time with a moderate dance tempo of 108 beats per minute.[6] It is set in the key of G major with Madonna's voice spanning from the tonal nodes of G3 to F5.[6] The song has a basic sequence of Gdouble sharp–Adouble sharp–B–Dhalf flat–E–F as its basic chord progression.[6]

Reception

Critical response

Madonna wearing a white and purple leotard and a cape around her, singing "Lucky Star" backed by her singers, on the Confessions Tour.

Author J. Randy Taraborrelli, in his biography of Madonna, called the song as "fluffy, danceable, but forgettable."[3] However he noted the song's ingeniuity which he credited to come from its simplicity and dance-music nature.[4] Author Rikky Rooksby noted that Madonna had a "cutesy" voice in the song and compared her vocals with those of singer Cyndi Lauper's.[5] Author Simon Gage of the book Queer noted that the song was a "happy disco number".[7] The song was appreciated by authors Santiago Fouz-Hernández and Freya Jarman-Ivens, who complimented it in their book Madonna's Drowned Worlds. They noted that with songs like "Lucky Star" and "Burning Up" (1983), Madonna introduced a "style of upbeat dance music that would prove particularly appealing to future gay audiences."[8] English tenor and academic John Potter, in his book The Cambridge companion to singing, commented that "Lucky Star" is a soft-soul, disco-influenced style song but criticized the song's reverb and double tracking which he found to make the song "de-personalized".[9] Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine commented that the track had "unknowingly prefaced her recent foray into the glittery halls of electronic-pop."[10] Bill Lamb from About.com described the song, along with "Holiday" and "Borderline" as "state of the art dance-pop."[11] While reviewing Madonna's 1990 compilation The Immaculate Collection, David Browne from Entertainment Weekly complimented the remixed version of the song.[12] Rock critique Robert Christgau, while reviewing The Immaculate Collection, called the song "blessed".[13] While Stephen Thomas Erlewine from Allmusic called the song as effervescent.[14]

Chart performance

"Lucky Star" debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 chart at forty-nine, on the week of August 25, 1984.[15] It finally reached a peak of four, and was present for a total of eighteen weeks.[16] It was able to enter some other Billboard charts, such as, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and Hot Adult Contemporary, where it peaked at forty-two and nineteen respectively.[17] Prior to its release, the song had already reached the top of the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart along with "Holiday".[17] In Canada, the song debuted at position eighty-nine of the RPM chart,[18] reaching a peak of eight on November 1984,[19] and it was present on the chart for nineteen weeks.[20]

In the United Kingdom, "Lucky Star" was released in March 1984. The song debuted on the UK Singles Chart at forty-seven, and reached a peak of fourteen after three weeks. The song was present on the chart for nine weeks.[21] In Ireland, the song was able to reach nineteen on the Irish official charts.[22] In Australia, the song made the top-forty of the Kent Music Report chart and peaked at thirty-six.[23]

Music video

Madonna in the music video of "Lucky Star", dressed in a black top and ragged skirt, with her hair in tangles and tied with black ribbon. She wears her characteristic "boy-toy" belt and rubber bangles. Set against the white backdrop, her pose in the picture demonstrates that she is addressing herself in the song.

The music video was directed by Arthur Pierson, and was produced by Glenn Goodwin, while Wayne Isham was in charge of photography.[24] At the time of the song's release, Madonna's style of dress was catching on as a fashion statement among club kids and her fans.[25] The most prominent among her fashion accessories were the crucifixes she wore as earrings and necklaces. Madonna commented that wearing a rosarie and a crucifix is "kind of offbeat and interesting. I mean, everything I do is sort of tongue-in-cheeks. Besides, the crucifixes seem to go with my name."[25] In reality, she was trying to find a separate image for herself, being inspired by then artists like Boy George, Cyndi Lauper and David Bowie, and their constantly shifting image and persona.[25] Madonna realised the importance of her music videos and its popularity via MTV—launched in 1984—was instrumental in popularising her image.[26]

The rush for Madonna's fashion was mainly started with the music video for "Lucky Star". In the video, Madonna wore an all-black outfit with leggings, ankle boots, and belly button, with her tangled hair tied in a floppy black ribbon. This was coupled with a shiny black miniskirt, an earring on her right ear, cut-off gloves and rubber bangles. Madonna's friend Erica Bell was credited with designing the outfit, although biographer Mary Cross noted that Madonna was after all wearing her day-to-day outfit.[26] Mary Lambert, then a Rhode Island School of Design graduate, was decided for directing the video. However, Arthur Pierson replaced her as the director.[27] Warner Bros. gave Pierson a small budget to make the video, shot in an afternoon.[27] The video starts with the close-up of Madonna's face, as she slides her sunglasses down her nose. This scene was a reference to the character of Lolita in Stanley Kubrick's 1962 film of the same name, and Audrey Hepburn in the movie Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961).[28] The image then fades to white, denoting the celestial stars dazzle, and then resumes itself in color. Madonna is shown dancing against a stark white background, along with closeups of her mesmerised gaze. She is accompanied by Bell and brother Christopher, as backup dancers.[26] The video ends with the initial black-and-white image repeated, but in retrograde, as Madonna puts back on the sunglasses. The taking down and putting up of those sunglasses provided a frame to contain the song, functioning like a curtain that marks the opening and closing of a stage performance.[28]

Dance historian Sally Banes, in her book Before, between, and beyond: three decades of dance writing, noted that the video portrayed Madonna as both the subject and the object of the song.[28] She believed that in the video, Madonna taking off her sunglasses symbolised herself as a movie star, thus creating an ambiguous characterization of herself, and a narcissistic theme.[28] Author Peter Goodwin, in his book Television under the Tories: Broadcasting Policy 1979 - 1997, commented that although "Lucky Star" is not a narrative video, in the clip Madonna plays at least four characters:—the person in sunglasses looking; a break-dancing girl; an androgynous social dancer; and a seductress.[29] The juxtaposition of all these characterizations portray Madonna as a narcissistic self-lover. Images of Madonna's body writhing against the white background generates the question whether she is addressing her lover or herself in the song.[29] According to Goodman, Madonna creates an eroticized woman for her own pleasure only. The Times noted that "[s]he's sexy, but she doesn't need men [...] she's kind of there all by herself."[30]

Live performances

Madonna, in a white-purple leotard displaying the inside of her cape, while performing "Lucky Star" on the Confessions Tour. She is flanked by her backup singers. The backdrops display flowing lines, stars and constellations.

Madonna has performed "Lucky Star" during three of her concert tours, namely "The Virgin Tour" (1985), the "Who's That Girl World Tour" (1987), and the "Confessions Tour" (2006). In the Virgin Tour, Madonna performed the song wearing a blue see-through crop top revealing her trademark black bra, a purple skirt, lacy leggings and a brightly patterned jacket. She also wore her crucifixes on her jacket and around her neck.[31] Madonna performed the song in its original version and pranced around the stage while showing her stomach.[32] The performance was included in the Live - The Virgin Tour VHS, released in 1985.[33] At the Who's That Girl World Tour, "Lucky Star" was performed as the second song of the set list. Madonna wore a black bustier like the music video to her single "Open Your Heart" (1987). Her hair was platinum blond and in a big bushy shape.[34] The performance of "Lucky Star" included a disco ball spinning above the stage, as Madonna and her dancers moved around it as the light from the ball flickered on them like a star.[34] Two different performances are found in Ciao, Italia! - Live from Italy tour video filmed at Stadio Communale in Turin, Italy on September 4, 1987[35] and the Who's That Girl - Live in Japan tour video filmed at Korakuen Stadium in Tokyo, Japan on June 22, 1987.[36]

In the Confessions Tour, "Lucky Star" was performed as a part of the encore. Madonna was dressed in a purple and white leotard, designed by Jean-Paul Gaultier.[37] As the performance of "La Isla Bonita" ends, Madonna lies face-down on the stage. Her dancers wrap a cape around her that proclaim the word "Dancing Queen" at the back.[38] As the familiar music of the intro to "Lucky Star" is heard, Madonna gets up and faces the audience. Suddenly the lights go off and Madonna opens the cape to reveal thousands of small shapes made by tiny lights, on the inside of the cape.[38] Her backup singers join her and together they move around the stage, while singing the song. Madonna sometimes moves the cape around her and occasionally flaps it.[38] Towards the end of the song, Madonna asked the audience if they want to hear more of her singing. After their affirmative response, Madonna sings the first line of the chorus of "Hung Up". The backdrops start changing and display stars and planets flashing across the screens amidst white lazers.[39] The music in the song is modernized using a techno beat that slowly morphed into the synth ABBA intro of "Hung Up" (2005) when the screens also change to display disco balls.[40][41] The performance was included on both the CD and the DVD version of The Confessions Tour, released in 2007.[39] Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine compared Madonna's performance of "Lucky Star" as "emerging as a soul butterfly fluttering to the disco heavens during a remix of [the song] that actually makes [it] sound good."[42] Thomas Inskeep from Stylus called the performance as fresh.[43] Although Christian John Wikane from PopMatters.com was not impressed with the performance. He felt that singing the song over the newly arranged chord progression, is cold and pairing the original arrangement with the ABBA sample is "[a] match not made in heaven, though Madonna’s skin-tight, ABBA-esque jump suit is an amusing intertextualization."[44]

Covers and media appearances

The 2000 album Virgin Voices: A Tribute To Madonna, Vol. 2 included a trip hop cover of the song by Switchblade Symphony. Heather Phares of Allmusic called it as one of the album's finest moments.[45] A folk music cover of the song by Alexandra Hope, was included on the 2007 Madonna tribute compilation Through the Wilderness.[46]

"Lucky Star" was featured in the 1988 movie Running on Empty in the scene where River Phoenix's character is in music class.[47] It was featured twice in the 2000 British movie Snatch. First as character Bullet Tooth Tony is shot and second as he assaults another man. Upon hearing this he proclaims: "I love this track."[48] The music video of "Lucky Star" was referenced in the 1994 film "Pulp Fiction" in the scene where Maria de Medeiros' character (Fabienne) tells her boyfriend (played by Bruce Willis) that she wants a tummy "like Madonna in the Lucky Star video."[49][50]

Track listing and formats

  • 7" single
  1. A. "Lucky Star" – 3:44
  2. B. "I Know It" – 3:47
  • UK 12" single
  1. A. "Lucky Star" (Full Length Version) – 5:38
  2. B. "I Know It" – 3:47
  • US 12" promo
  1. A. "Lucky Star" – 5:30
  2. B. "Holiday" – 6:08
  • German CD (1995)
  1. "Lucky Star" (U.S. Remix) – 7:15
  2. "I Know It" – 3:44

Credits and personnel

  • Writer:— Madonna
  • Producer:— Reggie Lucas.
  • Mixing:— John "Jellybean" Benitez.
  • Synthesizers:— Dean Gant, Fred Zarr and Ed Walsh.
  • Electric and acoustic pianos:— Dean Gant and Fred Zarr.
  • Guitars:— Reggie Lucas, Ira Siegal and Paul Pesco.
  • Drum programming:— Reggie Lucas and Leslie Ming.
  • Tenor saxophone:— Bobby Malach.

Charts

Chart (1984) Peak
Position
Australian Kent Music Report 36[23]
Canadian RPM Singles Chart 8[19]
Irish Singles Chart 19[22]
UK Singles Chart 14[21]
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 4[16]
Preceded by
"Rockit" by Herbie Hancock
U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play number-one single (with "Holiday")
September 24, 1983 - October 22, 1983
Succeeded by
"Let the Music Play" by Shannon

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Cross, 2007, p. 26
  2. ^ a b Rooksby, 2004, p. 10
  3. ^ a b c Taraborrelli, 2002, p. 76
  4. ^ a b Taraborrelli, 2002, p. 77
  5. ^ a b c d Rooksby, 2004, p. 11
  6. ^ a b c "Madonna Ciccone - Lucky Star Sheet Music (Digital Download)". Music Notes. Alfred Publishing. http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtd.asp?ppn=MN0037599. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  7. ^ Gage; Richards, 2002, p. 22
  8. ^ Fouz-Hernández; Jarman-Ivens, 2004, p. 59
  9. ^ Potter, 2000, p. 37
  10. ^ Cinquemani, Sal (2001-09-09). "Madonna: Madonna (Remaster)". Slant Magazine. http://www.slantmagazine.com/music/music_review.asp?ID=118. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  11. ^ Lamb, Bill (2008-06-05). "Madonna Discography: Annotated list of Madonna's albums". About.com. The New York Times Company. http://top40.about.com/od/discographies/a/madonnadisc.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  12. ^ Browne, David (1990-12-14). "The Immaculate Collection: Music Review". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc.. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,318856,00.html. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  13. ^ Christgau, Robert (1990-08-02). "Consumer Guide Reviews". Robert Christgau. http://www.robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?name=madonna. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  14. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (1983-04-08). "allmusic ((( Madonna > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:g9fpxqq5ldje. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  15. ^ "The Billboard Hot 100 - Week of August 25, 1984". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.. 1984-08-25. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/hot-100?chartDate=1984-08-25&order=gainer. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  16. ^ a b "The Billboard Hot 100 - Week of October 20, 1984". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.. 1984-10-20. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/hot-100?chartDate=1984-10-20. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  17. ^ a b "allmusic ((( Madonna > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:g9fpxqq5ldje~T31. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  18. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 42, No. 3, September 22, 1984". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1984-09-22. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.8602&volume=42&issue=3&issue_dt=September%2022%201984&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  19. ^ a b "Top Singles - Volume 41, No. 12, November 24, 1984". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1984-11-24. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.9542&volume=41&issue=12&issue_dt=November%2024%201984&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  20. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 41, No. 21, February 02 1985". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1985-02-02. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.9557&volume=41&issue=21&issue_dt=February%2002%201985&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  21. ^ a b "Chart Stats - Madonna - Lucky Star". The Official Charts Company. Chart Stats. http://www.chartstats.com/songinfo.php?id=11452. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  22. ^ a b "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". Irish Recorded Music Association. 1984-03-25. http://www.irishcharts.ie/search/placement. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  23. ^ a b Kent, David (1993) (doc). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  24. ^ Madonna. (1990). The Immaculate Collection. [VHS]. Warner Music Vision. 
  25. ^ a b c Cross, 2007, p. 28
  26. ^ a b c Cross, 2007, p. 29
  27. ^ a b Allen , 1987, p. 270
  28. ^ a b c d Banes, p. 337
  29. ^ a b Goodman, 1992, p. 75
  30. ^ Smith, Cathy (1985-05-27). "Madonna Rocks the Land". The Times (News Corporation) 47: 58–64. ISSN 00724404. 
  31. ^ Clerk, 2002, p. 41
  32. ^ Kellner, 1995, p. 272
  33. ^ Madonna. (1985). Live - The Virgin Tour. [VHS]. Warner Home Video. 
  34. ^ a b Taraborrelli, 2002, p. 272
  35. ^ Madonna. (1988). Ciao, Italia! - Live from Italy. [VHS]. Warner Home Video. 
  36. ^ Madonna. (1987). Who's That Girl - Live in Japan. [VHS]. Warner Home Video. 
  37. ^ Sparks, Jessica (2007-08-01). "Madonna The Confessions Tour DVD/CD". About.com. The New York Times Company. http://dancemusic.about.com/od/reviews/fr/MadonnaConfDVD.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  38. ^ a b c Timmerman, 2007, p. 123
  39. ^ a b Madonna. (2007). The Confessions Tour. [CD/DVD]. Warner Home Video. 
  40. ^ Moss, Corey (2006-05-22). "Madonna Hangs On A Cross, Knocks World Leaders In Tour Kickoff". MTV (MTV Networks). http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1532204/20060522/madonna.jhtml. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  41. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2007-01-30). "allmusic ((( The Confessions Tour > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:wxfexqurldke. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  42. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (2006-12-29). "Madonna: Confessions Tour". Slant Magazine. http://www.slantmagazine.com/music/features/confessionstour.asp. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  43. ^ Inskeep, Thomas (2007-02-23). "Madonna - The Confessions Tour - Review". Stylus. http://www.stylusmagazine.com/reviews/madonna/the-confessions-tour.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  44. ^ Wikane, Christian John (2007-01-30). "Madonna: The Confessions Tour < Reviews". PopMatters.com. http://www.popmatters.com/pm/review/madonna-the-confessions-tour. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  45. ^ Phares, Heather (2000-03-01). "allmusic ((( Virgin Voices: A Tribute to Madonna, Vol. 2 > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:hbfqxq9kldde. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  46. ^ "allmusic ((( Through the Wilderness: A Tribute to Madonna > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. 2007-11-27. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:0xftxzqhldae. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  47. ^ "Running on Empty (1988) - Soundtracks". Internet Movie Database. Amazon.com. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0096018/soundtrack. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  48. ^ Travers, Peter (2001-01-09). "Snatch: Review". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/movie/5948189/review/5948190/snatch. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  49. ^ Pulp Fiction. [CD/DVD/VHS]. Miramax Films. 1995. 
  50. ^ Woods, 2005, p. 75

References

External links








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