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Ludolf von Alvensleben

Ludolf-Hermann Emmanuel Georg Kurt Werner von Alvensleben (March 17, 1901 – March 17, 1970) was a Nazi official in the rank of SS-Gruppenführer and Major General of the Police.

Alvensleben was born in Halle to the lower German noble family von Alvensleben. His father was a Prussian Major General Ludolf von Alvensleben, his mother, Antoinette von Alvensleben, née Freiin von Ricou. Alvensleben belonged to the Prussian cadet corps since 1911, and in 1918 he joined the Hussar regiment and fought during World War I. Between 1923 and July 1929, he belonged to the nationalist paramilitary organization Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten.

After the war, Alvensleben graduated with a degree in Agriculture. After the death of his father in December 1912, the family's Schochwitz manor, which had been inherited from Alvensleben's grandfather, the Prussian general Hermann von Alvensleben, became his own. He wed on May 3, 1924; the marriage produced four children. He also later fathered illegitimate children under orders from Nazi officials to procure a master race.

Alvensleben became a member of the Reichstag in 1933; on April 5, 1934, he became commander of the 46th SS Regiment in Dresden. Later on, Alvensleben was made first adjutant of the Reichsführer SS. His career continued with appointments to commander of the SS and police in Crimea and commander of the Selbstschutz paramilitary forces of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia, presiding over mass executions and other atrocities.

In April 1945, Alvensleben was captured and held in British captivity. At the end of 1945, he made an escape from the internment camp at Neuengamme. After a short stay in Schochwitz, he fled with his family to Argentina in early 1946. Although there is no precise data on the date of their arrival in the country, a 2000 documentary film record that on November 27, 1952, the government of Juan Domingo Perón granted Alvensleben citizenship under the name of Carlos Lücke. He lived until July 1956 in Buenos Aires, then he moved to Santa Rosa de Calamuchita. Residents of Santa Rosa de Calamuchita as well remember with affection and admiration. In November 1952, he served as inspector of fish farming on Herrero-See as an Argentine citizen.

In January 1964, the district court of Munich put out an arrest warrant for Alvensleben for the killing of at least 4,247 Poles by units of the Selbstschutz under von Alvensleben's command in the autumn of 1939. Attempts by the prosecution had no consequences for Alvensleben and he died in 1970 without having been brought to trial.


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