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Ludwig Crüwell
20 March 1892(1892-03-20) — 25 September 1958 (aged 66)

Place of birth Dortmund
Place of death Essen
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Rank General der Panzertruppe
Commands held 11. Panzer Division
Afrika Korps
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Ludwig Crüwell (20 March 1892 - 25 September 1958), was a German general known for his involvement with the Afrika Korps. He was captured by the British on 29 May 1942, after his plane was forced to land.

Crüwell became commander of the Afrika Korps on 31 July 1941, answering to General Erwin Rommel, who on the same day took command of Panzer Army Africa, consisting of one infantry and two panzer divisions.

On 29 May 1942, Crüwell was inspecting operations by air in Libya. His Fieseler Fi 156 pilot mistook British troops for Italian soldiers and landed. Although the pilot was fatally wounded, Crüwell survived and was taken prisoner. [1] General Crüwell remained a prisoner and on March 22, 1943, was intentionally placed with another POW, General von Thoma, who during the meeting disclosed intelligence regarding the V-2 rocket and used for RAF Operation Hydra bombing raids on Peenemünde, i.e.; surprise that London was not yet in ruins from German rockets being tested at a 'special ground near Kummersdorf' he had visited.[2]



  1. ^ "A Pilot's Error Leads to Capture," Chillicothe Daily Tribune, June 2, 1942, p.6
  2. ^ von Braun and Ordway III 1975, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 263.
  • von Braun, Wernher (Estate of); Ordway III, Frederick I. , and Dooling, David Jr. (1985—first edition) [1975]. Space Travel: A History. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-181898-4. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939 - 1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of 11. Panzer Division
1 August 1940 - 15 August 1941
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Günther Angern
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppe Philipp Müller-Gebhard
Commander of Afrika Korps
15 September 1941 - 8 March 1942
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppe Walther Nehring
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppe Walther Nehring
Commander of Afrika Korps
19 March 1942 - 28 May 1942
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppe Walther Nehring


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