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A portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820.
Beethoven Signature.svg
.Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced /ˈluːdˌvɪɡ vɑːn ˈbeɪˌtoʊvən/ (U.S.) or /ˈlʊdˌvɪɡ væn ˈbeɪtˌhoʊvən/ (UK); German: [ˈluːt.vɪç fan ˈbeːt.hoːfən]  ( listen); baptised 17 December 1770[1] – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.^ The Flemish way: Ludwig Van Beethoven of Van Beethoven.
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^ Ludwig Van Beethoven .
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Ludwig Van Beethoven - The Late Piano Sonatas, Volume 2 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was a crucial figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music, and remains one of the most acclaimed and influential composers of all time.^ The Most Romantic classical music in the universe .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ VARMA RODA STUNDER - Romantisk Klassisk Musik (Warm Red Hours - Romantic Classical Music) (3CD set) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Classical Moods - 100 Top Classical Favorites Of All Time .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.Born in Bonn, of the Electorate of Cologne and a part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in present-day Germany, he moved to Vienna in his early twenties and settled there, studying with Joseph Haydn and quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist.^ Real Name: Ludwig van Beethoven Profile: Ludwig was born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a remarkable keyboard-player and original composer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a remarkable keyboard-player and original composer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

His hearing began to deteriorate in the late 1790s, yet he continued to compose, conduct, and perform, even after becoming completely deaf.

Contents

Biography

Prince-Elector's Palace (Kurfürstliches Schloss) in Bonn, where the Beethoven family had been active since the 1730s.

Background and early life

.Beethoven was the grandson of a musician of Flemish origin named Lodewijk van Beethoven (1712–1773).^ Anyway, the use of "van" ("from") does suggests that the name points to a particular place, be it the original "better meadow" or the later one developed "beetgarden".
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^ Seen from a Dutch point of view the composer's name was not just "Beethoven", but "Van Beethoven", the word "van" being a part of the name itself, not pointing to a particular descent.
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^ There is a slight difference between the Dutch and Flemish way to write down Beethoven's name.
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[2] .Beethoven was named after his grandfather, as Lodewijk is the Dutch counterpart of Ludwig.^ Find where Ludwig van Beethoven is credited alongside another name Ludwig van Beethoven & .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Seen from a Dutch point of view the composer's name was not just "Beethoven", but "Van Beethoven", the word "van" being a part of the name itself, not pointing to a particular descent.
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^ There is a slight difference between the Dutch and Flemish way to write down Beethoven's name.
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.Beethoven's grandfather was employed as a bass singer at the court of the Elector of Cologne, rising to become Kapellmeister (music director).^ Dance Music Famous composers like Haydn and Mozart were also employed in the practical business of providing dance music for court and social occasions.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a remarkable keyboard-player and original composer.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a...
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.He had one son, Johann van Beethoven (1740–1792), who worked as a tenor in the same musical establishment, also giving lessons on piano and violin to supplement his income.^ Johann van Beethoven, father?
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^ Nikolaus Johann van Beethoven, brother .
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^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

[2] .Johann married Maria Magdalena Keverich in 1767; she was the daughter of Johann Heinrich Keverich, who had been the head chef at the court of the Archbishopric of Trier.^ Maria Magdalena Keverich, mother?
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[3]
House of birth, Bonn, Bonngasse 20, now the Beethoven-Haus museum.
.Beethoven was born of this marriage in Bonn; he was baptized in a Roman Catholic service on 17 December 1770, and was probably born the previous day, 16 December.^ Terug/Back Frequently Asked Questions Was Beethoven born on December 16, 1770?
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^ Was Beethoven born on December 16, 1770?
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^ The date of his baptismal certificate is December 17 and in his days roman catholic babies mostly were baptized within 24 hours after their birth.
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[4] .Children of that era were usually baptized the day after birth; and it is known that Beethoven's family and his teacher Johann Albrechtsberger celebrated his birthday on 16 December.^ Was Beethoven born on December 16, 1770?
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^ The date of his baptismal certificate is December 17 and in his days roman catholic babies mostly were baptized within 24 hours after their birth.
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^ Another proof is an unfortunately now lost letter by Albrechtsberger, one of Beethoven's Viennese teachers, who wrote this letter to his pupil on December 15 and sent him his congratulations for the next day.
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.While this evidence supports the case for 16 December 1770 as Beethoven's date of birth, it cannot be stated with certainty as there is no documentary evidence of it (only his baptismal record survives).^ Was Beethoven born on December 16, 1770?
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^ The date of his baptismal certificate is December 17 and in his days roman catholic babies mostly were baptized within 24 hours after their birth.
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^ Beethoven: String Quartets Nos 11-16 incl.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

[5][6] .Of the seven children born to Johann van Beethoven, only the second-born, Ludwig, and two younger brothers survived infancy.^ Best of the Classics: Ludwig van Beethoven .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphonies No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Biographie de Ludwig Van Beethoven .
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

Caspar Anton Carl was born on 8 April 1774, and Nikolaus Johann, the youngest, was born on 2 October 1776.[7]
Beethoven's first music teacher was his father. A traditional belief concerning Johann is that he was a harsh instructor, and that the child Beethoven, "made to stand at the keyboard, was often in tears".[2] However, the New Grove indicates that there is no solid documentation to support it, and asserts that "speculation and myth-making have both been productive."[2] Beethoven had other local teachers as well: the court organist Gilles van den Eeden (d. .1782), Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer (a family friend, who taught Beethoven piano), and a relative, Franz Rovantini (violin and viola).^ Adagio con espressione 1012 - Quartet WoO 36 No.3 in C major for piano,violin,viola and cello: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Andante con moto 1009 - Quartet WoO 36 No.2 in D major for piano,violin,viola and cello: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Who was the mysterious Elise to whom Beethoven dedicated that famous bagatelle for piano?
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[2] His musical talent manifested itself early. Johann, aware of Leopold Mozart's successes in this area, attempted to exploit his son as a child prodigy, claiming that Beethoven was six (he was seven) on the posters for Beethoven's first public performance in March 1778.[8]
.Some time after 1779, Beethoven began his studies with his most important teacher in Bonn, Christian Gottlob Neefe, who was appointed the Court's Organist in that year.^ Christian Gottlieb Neefe, teacher .
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^ Alexander Wheelock Thayer, Beethoven's most important biographer .
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^ Gallery of portraits of some important persons in Beethoven's life .
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[9] .Neefe taught Beethoven composition, and by March 1783 had helped him write his first published composition: a set of keyboard variations (WoO 63).^ The first who tried to write a complete anamnesis of all Beethoven's illnesses, including, of course, his deafness was Schweisheimer and he did so in 1922.
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^ BEETHOVEN: Archduke Trio / Kakadu Variations / Allegretto, WoO 39 .
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  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ BEETHOVEN: 'Eroica' Variations / 32 Variations, WoO 80 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

[7] Beethoven soon began working with Neefe as assistant organist, first on an unpaid basis (1781), and then as paid employee (1784) of the court chapel conducted by the Kapellmeister Andrea Luchesi. .His first three piano sonatas, named "Kurfürst" ("Elector") for their dedication to the Elector Maximilian Frederick, were published in 1783. Maximilian Frederick, who died in 1784, not long after Beethoven's appointment as assistant organist, had noticed Beethoven's talent early, and had subsidized and encouraged the young Beethoven's musical studies.^ E flat major - II. Andante 58 - 3 Sonatas for piano WoO 47 (Electoral): No.
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^ Even more shocking was the importance they placed on the name of > the apartments Beethoven died in, the Schwarzspanierhaus, as if that name > had something to do with Beethoven's racial lineage.
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^ E major 56 - 3 Sonatas for piano WoO 47 (Electoral): No.
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[10]
Maximilian Frederick's successor as the Elector of Bonn was Maximilian Franz, the youngest son of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, and he brought notable changes to Bonn. Echoing changes made in Vienna by his brother Joseph, he introduced reforms based on Enlightenment philosophy, with increased support for education and the arts. The teenage Beethoven was almost certainly influenced by these changes. He may also have been strongly influenced at this time by ideas prominent in freemasonry, as Neefe and others around Beethoven were members of the local chapter of the Order of the Illuminati.[11]
.In March 1787 Beethoven traveled to Vienna (it is unknown at whose expense) for the first time, apparently in the hope of studying with Mozart.^ Ludwig van Beethoven died on March 26, 1827, in Vienna.
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^ Mrs Beethoven opens the door and we see for the first time a strange sight.
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^ In January 1787 young Beethoven travelled to Vienna and we can safely assume that he wanted to become Mozart's pupil.
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.The details of their relationship are uncertain, including whether or not they actually met.^ From the moment they met their relationship was a hostile one and later on the two began to hate each other.
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[12] After just two weeks there Beethoven learned that his mother was severely ill, and he was forced to return home. .His mother died shortly thereafter, and the father lapsed deeper into alcoholism.^ Beethoven's mother died of tuberculosis (in 1787), Beethoven's father probably of a heart attack (in 1792).
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As a result, Beethoven became responsible for the care of his two younger brothers, and he spent the next five years in Bonn.[13]
.Beethoven was introduced to a number of people who became important in his life in these years.^ It is up to people like you and me who are out of our tiny little minds to try and help these people overcome their sanity.
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 21 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

Franz Wegeler, a young medical student, introduced him to the von Breuning family (one of whose daughters Wegeler eventually married). .Beethoven was often at the von Breuning household, where he was exposed to German and classical literature, and where he also gave piano instruction to some of the children.^ Geschichte der Englischen Sprache und Literatur von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Einführung der Buchdruckerkunst (German) (as Author) Behrend, Arthur C. .
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^ Ernst Von Dohnányi Plays Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven: Classical Piano Series Volume Seven .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

The von Breuning family environment was also less stressful than his own, which was increasingly dominated by his father's strict control and descent into alcoholism.[14] It is also in these years that Beethoven came to the attention of Count Ferdinand von Waldstein, who became a lifelong friend and financial supporter.[15]
A portrait of the thirteen-year-old Beethoven by an unknown Bonn master (c. 1783).
In 1789, he obtained a legal order by which half of his father's salary was paid directly to him for support of the family.[16] He also contributed further to the family's income by playing viola in the court orchestra. This familiarized Beethoven with a variety of operas, including three of Mozart's operas performed at court in this period. He also befriended Anton Reicha, a flautist and violinist of about his own age who was the conductor's nephew.[17]

Establishing his career in Vienna

With the Elector's help, Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792.[18] He was probably first introduced to Joseph Haydn in late 1790, when the latter was traveling to London and stopped in Bonn around Christmas time.[19] .They definitely met in Bonn on Haydn's return trip from London to Vienna in July 1792, and it is likely that arrangements were made at that time for Beethoven to study with the old master.^ Born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a remarkable keyboard-player and original composer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Born in Bonn in 1770, the eldest son of a singer in the Kapelle of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and grandson of the Archbishop's Kapellmeister, Beethoven moved in 1792 to Vienna, where he had some lessons from Haydn and others, quickly establishing himself as a...
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

[20] In the intervening years, Beethoven composed a significant number of works (none were published at the time, and most are now listed as works without opus) that demonstrated a growing range and maturity of style. Musicologists have identified a theme similar to those of his third symphony in a set of variations written in 1791.[21] Beethoven left Bonn for Vienna in November 1792, amid rumors of war spilling out of France, and learned shortly after his arrival that his father had died.[22][23] .Count Waldstein in his farewell note to Beethoven wrote: "Through uninterrupted diligence you will receive Mozart's spirit through Haydn's hands."^ Organ Recital: Athanasiades, Georges - PURCELL, H. / FRESCOBALDI, G.A. / HAYDN, F.J. / MOZART, W.A. / BEETHOVEN, L. van .
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^ Beethoven / Haydn / Mozart / Back: Israeli Wind Virtuosi and Friends - Volume 2 .
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[23] .Beethoven responded to the widespread feeling that he was a successor to the recently deceased Mozart over the next few years by studying that master's work and writing works with a distinctly Mozartean flavor.^ According to Beethoven’s Latvian admirer and connoisseur of his works, Wilhelm von Lenz, Beethoven definitely forgot Haydn and Mozart and initiated a second phase in his creative evolution.
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[24]
.Beethoven did not immediately set out to establish himself as a composer, but rather devoted himself to study and to playing the piano.^ Set of performance parts (includes separate pull-out violin part) for violin and piano.
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^ Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting and playing piano.
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^ Glenn Gould Plays Beethoven Piano Sonatas (feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

Working under Haydn's direction,[25] he sought to master counterpoint. He also took violin lessons from Ignaz Schuppanzigh.[26] Early in this period, he also began receiving occasional instruction from Antonio Salieri, primarily in Italian vocal composition style; this relationship persisted until at least 1802, and possibly 1809.[27] With Haydn's departure for England in 1794, Beethoven was expected by the Elector to return home. He chose instead to remain in Vienna, continuing his instruction in counterpoint with Johann Albrechtsberger and other teachers. Although his stipend from the Elector expired, a number of Viennese noblemen had already recognized his ability and offered him financial support, among them Prince Joseph Franz Lobkowitz, Prince Karl Lichnowsky, and Baron Gottfried van Swieten.[28]
Portrait of Beethoven as a young man by Carl Traugott Riedel (1769 – 1832)
.By 1793, Beethoven established a reputation in Vienna as a piano virtuoso and improviser in the salons of the nobility, often playing the preludes and fugues of J. S. Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier.^ Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven at the piano.
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^ Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting and playing piano.
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^ Beethoven was the piano teacher of Therèse and Josephine Brunswick in Vienna.
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[29] His friend Nikolaus Simrock had also begun publishing his compositions; the first are believed to be a set of variations (WoO 66).[30] .Beethoven spent much of 1794 composing, and apparently withheld works from publication so that their publication in 1795 would have greater impact.^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
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^ Unfortunately, Madame de Morouges-Bigot, who stunned the old Haydn too with her phenomenal artistry, never played Beethoven’s works in public!
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[28] .Beethoven's first public performance in Vienna was in March 1795, a concert in which he debuted a piano concerto.^ Ludwig van Beethoven died on March 26, 1827, in Vienna.
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^ Radu Lupu Plays Beethoven Piano Concerto No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven - Piano Concerto No.4 In G Major, Opus 58 (LP) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

It is uncertain whether this was the First or Second, as documentary evidence is unclear, and both concertos were in a similar state of near-completion (neither was completed or published for several years).[31][32] Shortly after this performance, he arranged for the publication of the first of his compositions to which he assigned an opus number, the piano trios of Opus 1. These works were dedicated to his patron Prince Lichnowsky,[31] and were a financial success; Beethoven's profits were nearly sufficient to cover his living expenses for a year.[33]

Wider publicity

Beethoven in 1803.
.In 1796, Beethoven embarked on a tour of central European cultural centers that was an echo of a similar tour by Mozart in 1789. Accompanied by Prince Lichnowsky (who also accompanied Mozart on his tour), Beethoven visited Prague, Dresden, Leipzig, and Berlin, composing and performing to acclaim.^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
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^ D-minor, composed in 1802, announced the first performance of the «Tempest» Sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven.
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^ Kunst der Fuge George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (c.1780-1860): African European Violinist Accompanied by Beethoven George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (c.1780-1860) was an African European violin virtuoso.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He spent the most time in Prague, where his reputation had already preceded him through Lichnowsky's family connections, and Berlin, where he composed .2, Opus 5 (Beethoven)" class="mw-redirect">two cello sonatas (Op.^ Beethoven : Hammerklavier Sonatas Op.101, 106 .
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^ An English concert organizer before the London première of Beethoven’s Sonata op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andante - Allegro vivace 1068 - Sonata for Cello and Piano No.4 in C, Op.102 No.1: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

5) dedicated to King Friedrich Wilhelm II, a lover of music who played that instrument. .These works are notable for successfully combining virtuoso cello and piano parts, a difficult task considering the differing natures of the two instruments.^ Instrumental solo book for cello solo and piano accompaniment.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven Piano and Cello Works (Tanya Tomkins and Eric Zivian) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: The Complete Works For Cello And Piano .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] The king presented Beethoven with a snuffbox full of gold coins; Beethoven observed that the trip earned him "a good deal of money".[35] Beethoven returned to Vienna in July 1796, and embarked on another tour in November, heading east instead of north, to the cities of Pressburg (present-day Bratislava) and Pest. At Pressburg he performed on a piano sent from Vienna by his friend Andreas Streicher,[36] a piano he joked was "far too good for me..because it robs me of the freedom to produce my own tone".[37]
.Beethoven spent most of 1797 in Vienna, where he continued to compose (apparently in response to an increasing number of commissions) and perform, although he was apparently stricken with a serious disease (possibly typhus) in the summer or autumn.^ Beethoven wrote a number of sets of Minuets, German Dances and Contredanses, ending with the so-called Mdlinger Dances, written for performers at a neighbouring inn during a summer holiday outside Vienna.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

It is also around this time (although it may have been as early as 1795) that he first became aware of issues with his hearing.[38] While he traveled to Prague again in 1798, the encroaching deafness led him to eventually abandon concert touring entirely.[39]

Musical maturity

.Between 1798 and 1802 Beethoven finally tackled what he considered the pinnacles of composition: the string quartet and the symphony.^ Beethoven, Volume 33, String Quartets .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven, Volume 34, String Quartet .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven Masterworks - String Quartets (disc 28) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

With the composition of his first six string quartets (Op. 18) between 1798 and 1800 (written on commission for, and dedicated to, Prince Lobkowitz), and their publication in 1801, along with premieres of the First and Second Symphonies in 1800 and 1802, Beethoven was justifiably considered one of the most important of a generation of young composers following after Haydn and Mozart. He continued to write in other forms, turning out widely known piano sonatas like the "Pathétique" sonata (Op. .13), which Cooper describes as "surpass[ing] any of his previous compositions, in strength of character, depth of emotion, level of originality, and ingenuity of motivic and tonal manipulation".[40] He also completed his Septet (Op.^ Concerti Grossi (Complete) $13.95 241874 Great Organ Concerti, Op.

20) in 1799, which was one of his most popular works during his lifetime.
.For the premiere of his First Symphony, Beethoven hired the Burgtheater on 2 April 1800, and staged an extensive program of music, including works by Haydn and Mozart, as well as the Septet, the First Symphony, and one of his piano concertos (the latter three works all then unpublished).^ Beethoven : Piano concertos nos.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Famous composers like Haydn and Mozart were also employed in the practical business of providing dance music for court and social occasions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

The concert, which the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung described as "the most interesting concert in a long time", was not without difficulties; among other criticisms was that "the players did not bother to pay any attention to the soloist".[41]
.While Mozart and Haydn were undeniable influences (for example, Beethoven's quintet for piano and winds is said to bear a strong resemblance to Mozart's work for the same configuration, albeit with his own distinctive touches),[42] other composers like Muzio Clementi were also stylistic influences[citation needed].^ MOZART: Piano Quintet in E flat major / BEETHOVEN: Piano Quintet in E flat major .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Famous composers like Haydn and Mozart were also employed in the practical business of providing dance music for court and social occasions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.Beethoven's melodies, musical development, use of modulation and texture, and characterization of emotion all set him apart from his influences, and heightened the impact some of his early works made when they were first published.^ Piano Music Beethoven's 32 numbered piano sonatas make full use of the developing form of piano, with its wider range and possibilities of dynamic contrast.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ The critic of the music magazine "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung", terrified by Beethoven’s technical prowess in this work, denounced his "artistic terrorism"!
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orchestral Music Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

[43] By the end of 1800 Beethoven and his music were already much in demand from patrons and publishers.[44]

Teaching

Ludwig van Beethoven: detail of an 1804 portrait by W. J. Mähler.
In May of 1799, Beethoven gave piano lessons to the daughters of Hungarian Countess Anna Brunsvik. .While this round of lessons lasted less than one month, Beethoven formed a relationship with the older daughter Josephine that has been the subject of much speculation ever since.^ This is the one I want to have, so if you could just change the forms round I can take this one back with me now.
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 21 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

Shortly after these lessons she married Count Josef Deym, and Beethoven was a regular visitor at their house, giving lessons and playing at parties. While her marriage was by all accounts unhappy, the couple had four children, and her relationship with Beethoven did not intensify until after Deym died in 1804.[45]
Beethoven had few other students. .From 1801 to 1805, he tutored Ferdinand Ries, who went on to become a composer and later wrote Beethoven remembered, a book about their encounters.^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

The young Carl Czerny studied with Beethoven from 1801 to 1803. Czerny went on to become a renowned music teacher himself, taking on Franz Liszt as one of his students, and also gave the Vienna premiere of Beethoven's fifth piano concerto (the "Emperor") in 1812.
.Beethoven's compositions between 1800 and 1802 were dominated by two works, although he continued to produce smaller works, including the Moonlight Sonata.^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Favorite Beethoven Sonatas: Moonlight, Appassionata, Pathétique (Vladimir Horowitz) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BEETHOVEN: 'Moonlight' Sonata / CHOPIN: Mazurkas (Friedman) (1923-1926) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.In the spring of 1801 he completed The Creatures of Prometheus, a ballet.^ The ballet The Creatures of Prometheus was staged in Vienna in 1801, and he wrote incidental music for various other dramatic productions, including Goethe's Egmont, von Kotzebue's curious The Ruins of Athens, and the same writer's King Stephen.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.The work was such a success that it received numerous performances in 1801 and 1802, and Beethoven rushed to publish a piano arrangement to capitalize on its early popularity.^ D-minor, composed in 1802, announced the first performance of the «Tempest» Sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BEETHOVEN, L. van: Piano Works (Complete), Vol.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

[46] In the spring of 1802 he completed the Second Symphony, intended for performance at a concert that was eventually cancelled. .The symphony received its premiere at a subscription concert in April 1803 at the Theater an der Wien, where Beethoven had been appointed as composer in residence.^ April 1805: Premiere of Symphony no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 1803: Premiere of Symphony no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 1800: Premiere of Symphony no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In addition to the Second Symphony, the concert also featured the First Symphony, the Third Piano Concerto, and the oratorio Christ on the Mount of Olives. While reviews were mixed, the concert was a financial success; Beethoven was able to charge three times the cost of a typical concert ticket.[47]
Beethoven's business dealings with publishers also began to improve in 1802 when his brother Carl, who had previously assisted him more casually, began to assume a larger role in the management of his affairs. .In addition to negotiating higher prices for recently composed works, Carl also began selling some of Beethoven's earlier unpublished works, and encouraged Beethoven (against the latter's preference) to also make arrangements and transcriptions of his more popular works for other instrument combinations.^ Stunned by his virtuosity and his musicianship, Beethoven composed for him his opus 47, which includes some pages written much before Kreutzer’s concert in Vienna, sent him to Paris a hand-written copy of his work with dedication in French.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Life and Works of Beethoven Naxos new "Composer Sound-Portraits", containing 4 CDs and a 184 page booklet Discography .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

Beethoven acceded to these requests, as he could not prevent publishers from hiring others to do similar arrangements of his works.[48]

Loss of hearing

Around 1796, Beethoven began to lose his hearing.[49] He suffered a severe form of tinnitus, a "ringing" in his ears that made it hard for him to perceive and appreciate music; he also avoided conversation. The cause of Beethoven's deafness is unknown, but it has variously been attributed to syphilis, lead poisoning, typhus, auto-immune disorder (such as systemic lupus erythematosus), and even his habit of immersing his head in cold water to stay awake. The explanation, from the autopsy of the time, is that he had a "distended inner ear" which developed lesions over time. Because of the high levels of lead found in samples of Beethoven's hair, that hypothesis has been extensively analyzed. While the likelihood of lead poisoning is very high, the deafness associated with it seldom takes the form that Beethoven exhibited.
As early as 1801, Beethoven wrote to friends describing his symptoms and the difficulties they caused in both professional and social settings (although it is likely some of his close friends were already aware of the problems).[50] Beethoven, on the advice of his doctor, lived in the small Austrian town of Heiligenstadt, just outside Vienna, from April to October 1802 in an attempt to come to terms with his condition. There he wrote his Heiligenstadt Testament, which records his resolution to continue living for and through his art.[51] Over time, his hearing loss became profound: there is a well-attested story that, at the end of the premiere of his Ninth Symphony, he had to be turned around to see the tumultuous applause of the audience; hearing nothing, he wept.[52] .Beethoven's hearing loss did not prevent his composing music, but it made playing at concerts—lucrative sources of income—increasingly difficult.^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

After a failed attempt in 1811 to perform his own Piano Concerto No. 5 (the "Emperor"), he never performed in public again.
Beethoven in 1815.
A large collection of Beethoven's hearing aids such as special ear horns can be viewed at the Beethoven House Museum in Bonn, Germany. Despite his obvious distress, Carl Czerny remarked that Beethoven could still hear speech and music normally until 1812.[53] By 1814 however, Beethoven was almost totally deaf, and when a group of visitors saw him play a loud arpeggio of thundering bass notes at his piano remarking, "Ist es nicht schön?" (Is it not beautiful?), they felt deep sympathy considering his courage and sense of humor.[54]
.As a result of Beethoven's hearing loss, a unique historical record has been preserved: his conversation books.^ Complete Beethoven Edition, Volume 20: Historic Recordings .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.Used primarily in the last ten or so years of his life, his friends wrote in these books so that he could know what they were saying, and he then responded either orally or in the book.^ Life of Abraham Lincoln Little Blue Book Ten Cent Pocket Series No.
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The books contain discussions about music and other issues, and give insights into his thinking; they are a source for investigation into how he felt his music should be performed, and also his perception of his relationship to art.^ No, I don't think the average classical music consumer would know about obscure CD sources like Amazon or iTunes (the world's largest music retailer), which both carry it.
  • Universal recycles Lenny again! - rec.music.classical.recordings | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Categories: Audio Book, computer-generated Audio Book, human-read Compilations Data Music, recorded Music, Sheet Other recordings Pictures, moving Pictures, still .
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Art in Needlework A Book about Embroidery (English) (as Author) Buckley, Arabella B., 1840-1929 .
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Unfortunately, 264 out of a total of 400 conversation books were destroyed (and others were altered) after Beethoven's death by Anton Schindler, in his attempt to paint an idealized picture of the composer.^ Categories: Audio Book, computer-generated Audio Book, human-read Compilations Data Music, recorded Music, Sheet Other recordings Pictures, moving Pictures, still .
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[55]

Patronage

Beethoven's patron, Archduke Rudolph.
While Beethoven earned income from publication of his works and from public performances, he also depended on the generosity of patrons for income, for whom he gave private performances and copies of works they commissioned for an exclusive period prior to their publication. Some of his early patrons, including Prince Lobkowitz and Prince Lichnowsky, gave him annual stipends in addition to commissioning works and purchasing published works.
.Perhaps Beethoven's most important aristocratic patron was Archduke Rudolph, the youngest son of Emperor Leopold II, who in 1803 or 1804 began to study piano and composition with Beethoven.^ BEETHOVEN: Piano Trios in C minor and B flat Major "Archduke" .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume II (Glenn Gould) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos.2 & 5 "Emperor" .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

The cleric (Cardinal-Priest) and the composer became friends, and their meetings continued until 1824. Beethoven dedicated 14 compositions to Rudolph, including the Archduke Trio (1811) and his great Missa Solemnis (1823). Rudolph, in turn, dedicated one of his own compositions to Beethoven. The letters Beethoven wrote to Rudolph are today kept at the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna.
In the fall of 1808, after having been rejected for a position at the royal theatre, Beethoven received an offer from Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte, then king of Westphalia, for a well-paid position as Kapellmeister at the court in Cassel. .To persuade him to stay in Vienna, the Archduke Rudolph, Count Kinsky and Prince Lobkowitz, after receiving representations from the composer's friends, pledged to pay Beethoven a pension of 4000 florins a year.^ Beethoven's most impressive choral work is the Missa Solennis, written for the enthronement of his pupil Archduke Rudolph as Archbishop of Olmutz, but finished too late for that occasion.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

Only Archduke Rudolph paid his share of the pension on the agreed date. Kinsky, immediately called to duty as an officer, did not contribute and soon died after falling from his horse. Lobkowitz stopped paying in September 1811. No successors came forward to continue the patronage, and Beethoven relied mostly on selling composition rights and a small pension after 1815. The effects of these financial arrangements were undermined to some extent by war with France, which caused significant inflation when the government printed money to fund its war efforts.

The Middle period

Beethoven in 1814. Portrait by Louis-René Létronne.
Beethoven's return to Vienna from Heiligenstadt was marked by a change in musical style, now recognized as the start of his "Middle" or "Heroic" period. According to Carl Czerny, Beethoven said, "I am not satisfied with the work I have done so far. From now on I intend to take a new way".[56] The first major work of this new way was the Third Symphony in E flat, known as the "Eroica". While other composers had written symphonies with implied programs, or stories, this work was longer and larger in scope than any previously written symphony. .It made huge demands on the players, because at that time there were few orchestras devoted to concert music that were independent of royal or aristocratic patrons, and hence performance standards at concerts were often haphazard.^ By 1815 increasing deafness made public performance impossible and accentuated existing eccentricities of character, patiently tolerated by a series of rich patrons and his royal pupil the Archduke Rudolph.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed] When it premiered in early 1805 it received a mixed reception, with some listeners objecting to its length or failing to understand its structure, while others viewed it as another masterpiece.[57]
.Beethoven composed highly ambitious works throughout the Middle period, often heroic in tone, that extended the scope of the classical musical language Beethoven had inherited from Haydn and Mozart.^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Famous composers like Haydn and Mozart were also employed in the practical business of providing dance music for court and social occasions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Dance Music Famous composers like Haydn and Mozart were also employed in the practical business of providing dance music for court and social occasions.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

The Middle period work includes the Third through Eighth Symphonies, the string quartets 7–11, the "Waldstein" and "Appassionata" piano sonatas, Christ on the Mount of Olives, the opera Fidelio, the Violin Concerto and many other compositions. During this time Beethoven earned his living from the sale and performance of his work, and from the continuing support of wealthy patrons. His position at the Theater and der Wien was terminated when the theater changed management in early 1804, and he was forced to move temporarily to the suburbs of Vienna with his friend Stephan von Breuning. This slowed work on Fidelio, his largest work to date, for a time. It was delayed again by the Austrian censor, and finally premiered in November 1805 to houses that were nearly empty because of French occupation of the city. .In addition to being a financial failure, this version of Fidelio was also a critical failure, and Beethoven began revising it.^ May 1814: Premiere of Fidelio (final version), in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58]
Life mask made in 1812.
.The work of the Middle period established Beethoven's reputation as a great composer.^ Life and Works of Beethoven Naxos new "Composer Sound-Portraits", containing 4 CDs and a 184 page booklet Discography .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Great Composers Collection: Ludwig van Beethoven .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Great Composers: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony Nr.9 in D Minor Op.125 (London Festival Orchestra feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

In a review from 1810, he was enshrined by E. T. A. Hoffman as one of the three great "Romantic" composers; Hoffman called Beethoven's Fifth Symphony "one of the most important works of the age". A particular trauma for Beethoven occurred during this period in May 1809, when the attacking forces of Napoleon bombarded Vienna. According to Ferdinand Ries, Beethoven, very worried that the noise would destroy what remained of his hearing, hid in the basement of his brother's house, covering his ears with pillows.[59] He was composing the "Emperor" Concerto at the time.

Personal and family difficulties

Beethoven was introduced to Giulietta Guicciardi in about 1800 through the Brunsvik family. His mutual love-relationship with Guicciardi is mentioned in a November 1801 letter to his boyhood friend, Franz Wegeler. .Beethoven dedicated to Giulietta his Sonata No.^ Beethoven: Violin Sonatas Nos.9 Op.47 "Kreutzer" & 10 Op.96 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rondo (Allegretto) 162 - Beethoven:: Moderato e grazioso 163 - Benedictus 164 - Canon WoO35 in A major (probably for 2 violins): Canon WoO35 in A major (probably for 2 violins) 165 - Cello Sonata No.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Beethoven Sonatas No 13, 14, 23 (Andre Watts) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

14
, popularly known as the "Moonlight" Sonata. Marriage plans were thwarted by Giulietta's father and perhaps Beethoven's common lineage. In 1803 she married Count Wenzel Robert von Gallenberg (1783-1839), himself an amateur composer. Though she revisited Beethoven in 1822 when this unhappy marriage was over, he rebuffed her and did not resume a relationship.[citation needed]
.Beethoven's relationship with Josephine Deym notably deepened after the death of her first husband in 1804. There is some evidence that Beethoven may have proposed to her, at least informally.^ Beethoven premiered his monumental work in Vienna on 24th of May 1804 with the Ethiopian violinist George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (1778–1860).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

While the relationship was apparently reciprocated, she, with some regret, turned him down, and their relationship effectively ended in 1807. She cited her "duty", an apparent reference to the fact that she was born of nobility and he was a commoner.[60] It is also likely that he considered proposing (whether he actually did or not is unknown) to Therese Malfatti, the dedicatee of "Für Elise" in 1810; his common status may also have interfered with those plans.
In the spring of 1811 Beethoven became seriously ill, suffering headaches and bad fevers. On the advice of his doctor, he spent six weeks in the Bohemian spa town of Teplitz. The following winter, which was dominated by work on the Seventh symphony, he was again ill, and decided to spend the summer of 1812 at Teplitz. .It is likely that he was at Teplitz when he wrote three love letters to an "Immortal Beloved".[61] While the identity of the intended recipient is an ongoing subject of debate, the most likely candidate, according to what is known about people's movements and the contents of the letters, is Antonie Brentano, a married woman with whom he had begun a friendship in 1810.[62][63] Beethoven traveled to Karlsbad in late July, where he stayed in the same guesthouse as the Brentanos.^ Beethoven fell in love with her and wrote her: "My dear Marie, what you played for me was not my music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After traveling with them for a time, he returned to Teplitz, where after another bout of gastric illness, he left for Linz to visit his brother Johann.[64]
Beethoven's visit to his brother was made in an attempt to end the latter's immoral cohabitation with Therese Obermayer, a woman who already had an illegitimate child. He was unable to convince Johann to end the relationship, so he appealed to the local civic and religious authorities. The end result of Beethoven's meddling was that Johann and Therese married on 9 November.[64]
Beethoven in 1818 by August Klöber.
In early 1813 Beethoven apparently went through a difficult emotional period, and his compositional output dropped for a time. Historians have suggested a variety of causes, including his lack of success at romance. His personal appearance, which had generally been neat, degraded, as did his manners in public, especially when dining. Some of his (married) desired romantic partners had children (leading to assertions among historians of Beethoven's possible paternity), and his brother Carl was seriously ill. Beethoven took care of his brother and his family, an expense that he claimed left him penniless. He was unable to obtain a date for a concert in the spring of 1813, which, if successful, would have provided him with significant funds.
Beethoven was finally motivated to begin significant composition again in June 1813, when news arrived of the defeat of one of Napoleon's armies at Vitoria, Spain by a coalition of forces under the Duke of Wellington. .This news stimulated him to write the battle symphony known as Wellington's Victory.^ Wellingtons Sieg (Wellington's Victory) or Die Schlacht bei Vittoria (The Battle of Victoria) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was premiered on 8 December at a charity concert for victims of the war along with his Seventh Symphony. The work was a popular hit, likely because of its programmatic style which was entertaining and easy to understand. .It received repeat performances at concerts Beethoven staged in January and February 1814. Beethoven's renewed popularity led to demands for a revival of Fidelio, which, in its third revised version, was also well-received when it opened in July.^ Beethoven contemplated other operas, but eventually only wrote the one, first staged in 1805 and mounted again in a revised performance in 1814, under more favourable circumstances.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ May 1814: Premiere of Fidelio (final version), in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven: Fidelio (January 6 2001) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

That summer he also composed a piano sonata for the first time in five years (No. 27, Opus 90). This work was in a markedly more Romantic style than his earlier sonatas. .He was also one of many composers who produced music in a patriotic vein to entertain the many heads of state and diplomats that came to the Congress of Vienna that began in November 1814. His output of songs included his only song cycle, "An die ferne Geliebte", and the extraordinarily expressive, but almost incoherent, "An die Hoffnung" (Opus 94).^ An die ferne Geliebte .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Als die Geliebte sich trennen wollte / Empfindungen bei Lydiens Untreue: Der Hoffnung letzter Schimmer sinkt dahin .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Pastorale" - Liszt: An die ferne Geliebte .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

Custody struggle and illness

Between 1815 and 1817 Beethoven's output dropped again. Part of this Beethoven attributed to a lengthy illness (he called it an "inflammatory fever") that afflicted him for more than a year, starting in October 1816.[65] Biographers have speculated on a variety of other reasons that also contributed to the decline in creative output, including the difficulties in the personal lives of his would-be paramours and the harsh censorship policies of the Austrian government. The illness and death of his brother Carl from consumption likely also played a role.
Carl had been ill for some time, and Beethoven spent a small fortune in 1815 on his care. .When he finally died on 15 November 1815, Beethoven immediately became embroiled in a protracted legal dispute with Carl's wife Johanna over custody of their son Karl, then nine years old.^ Bonn by the 15-year old master in 1785, who expressed the same ideas in his Quartet in C-major for piano and chords.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beethoven, who considered Johanna an unfit parent because of her morals (she had an illegitimate child by a different father before marrying Carl, and had been convicted of theft) and financial management, had successfully applied to Carl to have himself named sole guardian of the boy; but a late codicil to Carl's will gave him and Johanna joint guardianship.^ Beethoven wrote only one opera, eventually called Fidelio after the name assumed by the heroine Leonora, who disguises herself as a boy and takes employment at the prison in which her husband has been unjustly incarcerated.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Stage Works Beethoven wrote only one opera, eventually called Fidelio after the name assumed by the heroine Leonora, who disguises herself as a boy and takes employment at the prison in which her husband has been unjustly incarcerated.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

While Beethoven was successful at having his nephew removed from her custody in February 1816, the case was not fully resolved until 1820, and he was frequently preoccupied by the demands of the litigation and seeing to the welfare of the boy, whom he first placed in a private school. The custody fight brought out the very worst aspects of Beethoven's character; in the lengthy court cases Beethoven stopped at nothing to ensure that he achieved this goal, and even stopped composing for long periods.
The Austrian court system had one court for the nobility, The R&I Landrechte, and another for commoners, The Civil Court of the Magistrate. Beethoven disguised the fact that the Dutch "van" in his name did not denote nobility as does the German "von",[66] and his case was tried in the Landrechte. Owing to his influence with the court, Beethoven felt assured of a favorable outcome. Beethoven was awarded sole guardianship. While giving evidence to the Landrechte, however, Beethoven inadvertently[66] admitted that he was not nobly born. The case was transferred to the Magistracy on 18 December 1818, where he lost sole guardianship.
Beethoven appealed, and regained custody of Karl. Johanna's appeal for justice to the Emperor was not successful: the Emperor "washed his hands of the matter". Beethoven stopped at nothing to blacken her name, as can be read in surviving court papers. .During the years of custody that followed, Beethoven attempted to ensure that Karl lived to the highest of moral standards.^ For a work-in-progress attempt to standardize all of Beethoven's works, please see http://wiki.musicbrainz.org/CSG_Standard/Beethoven .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

His overbearing manner and frequent interference in his nephew's life, especially as he grew into a young man, apparently drove Karl to attempt suicide on 31 July 1826 by shooting himself in the head. He survived, and was brought to his mother's house, where he recuperated. He and Beethoven reconciled, but Karl was insistent on joining the army, and last saw Beethoven in early 1827.
The only major works Beethoven produced during this time were .5, Opus 102 (Beethoven)" class="mw-redirect">two cello sonatas, a piano sonata, and collections of folk song settings.^ Piano Music Beethoven's 32 numbered piano sonatas make full use of the developing form of piano, with its wider range and possibilities of dynamic contrast.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Andante - Allegro vivace 1068 - Sonata for Cello and Piano No.4 in C, Op.102 No.1: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Adagio - Tempo d'andante - Allegro vivace 1069 - Sonata for Cello and Piano No.5 in D, Op.102 No.2: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

He began sketches for the Ninth Symphony in 1817.

Late works

Beethoven in 1823; copy of a destroyed portrait by Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller.
.Beethoven began a renewed study of older music, including works by J. S. Bach and Handel, that were then being published in the first attempts at complete editions.^ The critic of the music magazine "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung", terrified by Beethoven’s technical prowess in this work, denounced his "artistic terrorism"!
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orchestral Music Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Complete Beethoven Edition, Volume 7: Violinsonaten (violin: Gidon Kremer, piano: Martha Argerich) .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.He composed the Consecration of the House Overture, which was the first work to attempt to incorporate his new influences.^ Life and Works of Beethoven Naxos new "Composer Sound-Portraits", containing 4 CDs and a 184 page booklet Discography .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Other Overtures include Egmont, Coriolan, Prometheus, The Consecration of the House and The Ruins of Athens.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.But it is when he returned to the keyboard to compose his first new piano sonatas in almost a decade, that a new style, now called his "late period", emerged.^ The composer appreciated the extended keyboard and the structural strength of his new instrument and materialized on it in 1804 the music thoughts, which haunted him before Eroica Symphony, in piano Sonatas op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Kreutzer Sonata" for Bridgetower, and accompanied him on piano at the work’s premiere in Vienna in 1803.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ D-minor, composed in 1802, announced the first performance of the «Tempest» Sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The works of the late period are commonly held to include the last five piano sonatas and the Diabelli Variations, the last two sonatas for cello and piano, the late quartets (see below), and two works for very large forces: the Missa Solemnis and the Ninth Symphony.
By early 1818 Beethoven's health had improved, and his nephew had moved in with him in January. On the downside, his hearing had deteriorated to the point that conversation became difficult, necessitating the use of conversation books. His household management had also improved somewhat; Nanette Streicher, who had assisted in his care during his illness, continued to provide some support, and he finally found a decent cook.[67] .His musical output in 1818 was still somewhat reduced, with song collections and the Hammerklavier Sonata his only notable compositions, although he continued to work on sketches for two symphonies (that eventually coalesced into the enormous Ninth Symphony).^ Orchestral Music Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

In 1819 he was again preoccupied by the legal processes around Karl, and began work on the Diabelli Variations and the Missa Solemnis.
.For the next few years he continued to work on the Missa, composing piano sonatas and bagatelles to satisfy the demands of publishers and the need for income, and completing the Diabelli Variations.^ The 32 Piano Sonatas / Variations (feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Complete Cello Sonatas & Variations (feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Complete Works for Piano, Volume 2 (feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

He was ill again for an extended time in 1821, and completed the Missa in 1823, three years after its original due date. .He also opened discussions with his publishers over the possibility of producing a complete edition of his works, an idea that was arguably not fully realized until 1971. Beethoven's brother Johann began to take a hand in his business affairs around this time, much in the way Carl had earlier, locating older unpublished works to offer for publication and offering the Missa to multiple publishers with the goal of getting a higher price for it.^ Unfortunately, Madame de Morouges-Bigot, who stunned the old Haydn too with her phenomenal artistry, never played Beethoven’s works in public!
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Art of the Fugue and A Musical Offering $11.95 270068 Complete Suites for Unaccompanied Cello and Sonatas for Viola da Gamba $9.95 256413 Works for Violin $9.95 236838 Beethoven .

Two commissions in 1822 improved Beethoven's financial prospects. The Philharmonic Society of London offered a commission for a symphony, and Prince Nikolay Golitsin of St. Petersburg offered to pay Beethoven's price for three string quartets. .The first of these spurred Beethoven to finish the Ninth Symphony, which was premiered, along with the Missa Solemnis, on 7 May 1824, to great acclaim at the Kärntnertortheater.^ May 1824: Premiere of Symphony no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 1824: Premiere of Missa Solemnis op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BEETHOVEN MISSA SOLEMNIS, OP. 123 PH00074 $22.00 .

.The Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung gushed "inexhaustible genius had shown us a new world", and Carl Czerny wrote that his symphony "breathes such a fresh, lively, indeed youthful spirit [...] so much power, innovation, and beauty as ever [came] from the head of this original man, although he certainly sometimes led the old wigs to shake their heads."^ The critic of the music magazine "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung", terrified by Beethoven’s technical prowess in this work, denounced his "artistic terrorism"!
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symphonies 8 and 9 (New World) $14.95 24749X Elgar .

[68] Unlike his earlier concerts, Beethoven made little money on this one, as the expenses of mounting it were significantly higher.[68] A second concert on 24 May, in which the producer guaranteed Beethoven a minimum fee, was poorly attended; nephew Karl noted that "many people have already gone into the country".[69] It was Beethoven's last public concert.[69]
.Beethoven then turned to writing the string quartets for Golitsin.^ BEETHOVEN STRING QUARTET, OP. 131, CSH PH00323 $8.50 .

^ BEETHOVEN STRING QUARTET, OP. 127, E FL PH00321 $8.50 .

^ BEETHOVEN, L.: String Quartets (Complete), Vol.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

This series of quartets, known as the "Late Quartets", went far beyond what either musicians or audiences were ready for at that time. One musician commented that "we know there is something there, but we do not know what it is." Composer Louis Spohr called them "indecipherable, uncorrected horrors", though that opinion has changed considerably from the time of their first bewildered reception. They continued (and continue) to inspire musicians and composers, from Richard Wagner to Béla Bartók, for their unique forms and ideas. Of the late quartets, Beethoven's favorite was the Fourteenth Quartet, op. 131 in C# minor, upon hearing which Schubert is said to have remarked, "After this, what is left for us to write?"
Beethoven wrote the last quartets amidst failing health. In April 1825 he was bedridden, and remained ill for about a month. The illness—or more precisely, his recovery from it—is remembered for having given rise to the deeply felt slow movement of the Fifteenth Quartet, which Beethoven called "Holy song of thanks ('Heiliger dankgesang') to the divinity, from one made well". He went on to complete the (misnumbered) Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Sixteenth Quartets. .The last work completed by Beethoven was the substitute final movement of the Thirteenth Quartet, deemed necessary to replace the difficult Große Fuge.^ Ludwig van Beethoven Complete Works, Volume 1 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven Complete Works, Volume 2 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven Complete Works, Volume 22 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

Shortly thereafter, in December 1826, illness struck again, with episodes of vomiting and diarrhea that nearly ended his life.

Illness and death

Beethoven's grave site, Vienna Zentralfriedhof.
Beethoven was bedridden for most of his remaining months, and many friends came to visit. .He died on 26 March 1827, during a thunderstorm.^ Beethoven MusicAtlas ♩ German composers ♩ Classical era composers ♩ First Viennese School ♩ Pianists Born: 16 December 1770 — Bonn — Germany Died: 26 March 1827 — Wien — Austria Reactions Ludwig Van Beethoven .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His friend Anselm Hüttenbrenner, who was present at the time, claimed that there was a peal of thunder at the moment of death. An autopsy revealed significant liver damage, which may have been due to heavy alcohol consumption.[70]
.Unlike Mozart, who was buried anonymously in a communal grave (such being the custom at the time), 20,000 Viennese citizens lined the streets for Beethoven's funeral on 29 March 1827. Franz Schubert, who died the following year and was buried next to Beethoven, was one of the torchbearers.^ Ludwig van Beethoven died on March 26, 1827, in Vienna.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Alas, Beethoven died thirty years earlier.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Submit an event (date and year) for Ludwig van Beethoven 29 March 1795: Premiere of piano concerto no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After a Requiem Mass at the church of the Holy Trinity (Dreifaltigkeitskirche), Beethoven was buried in the Währing cemetery, north-west of Vienna. His remains were exhumed for study in 1862, and moved in 1888 to Vienna's Zentralfriedhof.[70]
There is dispute about the cause of Beethoven's death; alcoholic cirrhosis, syphilis, infectious hepatitis, lead poisoning, sarcoidosis and Whipple's disease have all been proposed.[71] Friends and visitors before and after his death clipped locks of his hair, some of which have been preserved and subjected to additional analysis, as have skull fragments removed during the 1862 exhumation.[72] Some of these analyses have led to controversial assertions that Beethoven was accidentally poisoned to death by excessive doses of lead-based treatments administered under instruction from his doctor.[73][74][75]

Character

Beethoven's personal life was troubled by his encroaching deafness, which led him to contemplate suicide (documented in his Heiligenstadt Testament). Beethoven was often irascible and may have suffered from bipolar disorder[76] and irritability brought on by chronic abdominal pain (beginning in his twenties) that has been attributed to possible lead poisoning.[77] Nevertheless, he had a close and devoted circle of friends all his life, thought to have been attracted by his strength of personality. Toward the end of his life, Beethoven's friends competed in their efforts to help him cope with his incapacities.[78]
Sources show Beethoven's disdain for authority, and for social rank. He stopped performing at the piano if the audience chatted amongst themselves, or afforded him less than their full attention. At soirées, he refused to perform if suddenly called upon to do so. .Eventually, after many confrontations, the Archduke Rudolph decreed that the usual rules of court etiquette did not apply to Beethoven.^ Beethoven's most impressive choral work is the Missa Solennis, written for the enthronement of his pupil Archduke Rudolph as Archbishop of Olmutz, but finished too late for that occasion.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

[78]

Religious views

Beethoven was attracted to the ideals of the Enlightenment. In 1804, when Napoleon's imperial ambitions became clear, Beethoven took hold of the title-page of his Third Symphony and scratched the name Bonaparte out so violently that he made a hole in the paper. .He later changed the work's title to "Sinfonia Eroica, composta per festeggiare il sovvenire d'un grand'uom" ("Heroic Symphony, composed to celebrate the memory of a great man"), and he rededicated it to his patron, Prince Joseph Franz von Lobkowitz, at whose palace it was first performed.^ D-minor, composed in 1802, announced the first performance of the «Tempest» Sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Composers: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony Nr.9 in D Minor Op.125 (London Festival Orchestra feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Great Composers: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony Nr.6 in F Major Op.68 "Pastorale" (Süddeutsche Philharmonica feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

The fourth movement of his Ninth Symphony features an elaborate choral setting of Schiller's Ode An die Freude ("Ode to Joy"), an optimistic hymn championing the brotherhood of humanity.
.Scholars disagree about Beethoven's religious beliefs, and about the role they played in his work.^ Alas, Rodolphe Kreutzer refused the dedication and returned the score to Beethoven with mention "outrageously unintelligible work", which he would never play.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, Madame de Morouges-Bigot, who stunned the old Haydn too with her phenomenal artistry, never played Beethoven’s works in public!
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It has been asserted, but not proven, that Beethoven was a Freemason.[79]

Music

A bust based upon Beethoven's death mask.
.Beethoven is acknowledged as one of the giants of classical music; occasionally he is referred to as one of the "three Bs" (along with Bach and Brahms) who epitomize that tradition.^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ For the theatre and various other occasions Beethoven wrote a number of Overtures, including four for his only opera, Fidelio, one under that name and the others under the name of the heroine, Leonora.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.He was also a pivotal figure in the transition from 18th century musical classicism to 19th century romanticism, and his influence on subsequent generations of composers was profound.^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Orchestral Music Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

[78]

Overview

.Beethoven composed in several musical genres, and for a variety of instrument combinations.^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.His works for symphony orchestra include nine symphonies (the Ninth Symphony includes a chorus), and about a dozen pieces of "occasional" music.^ (Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Chorus feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.He wrote nine concerti for one or more soloists and orchestra, as well as four shorter works that include soloists accompanied by orchestra.^ For the theatre and various other occasions Beethoven wrote a number of Overtures, including four for his only opera, Fidelio, one under that name and the others under the name of the heroine, Leonora.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven completed one violin concerto and five piano concertos, as well as a triple concerto for violin, cello and piano, and a curious Choral Fantasia,for solo piano, chorus and orchestra.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

His only opera is Fidelio; other vocal works with orchestral accompaniment include two masses and a number of shorter works.
.His large body of compositions for piano includes 32 piano sonatas and numerous shorter pieces, including arrangements of some of his other works.^ The 32 Piano Sonatas / Variations (feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Piano Sonatas 1 - 32 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Piano Music Beethoven's 32 numbered piano sonatas make full use of the developing form of piano, with its wider range and possibilities of dynamic contrast.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.Works with piano accompaniment include 10 violin sonatas, 5 cello sonatas, and a sonata for French horn, as well as numerous lieder.^ Less substantial piano pieces include three sets of Bagatelles, and the all too well known FŸr Elise, with the Rondo a capriccio, known in English as Rage over a Lost Penny.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Chamber Music Beethoven wrote ten sonatas for violin and piano, of which the "Spring" and the "Kreutzer" are particular favourites with audiences.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven wrote ten sonatas for violin and piano, of which the "Spring" and the "Kreutzer" are particular favourites with audiences.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.Beethoven also wrote a significant quantity of chamber music.^ Beethoven fell in love with her and wrote her: "My dear Marie, what you played for me was not my music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BEETHOVEN, L.: Septet in E flat major / Serenade in D major (Beethoven in New York) (Lincoln Center Chamber Music Society) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.In addition to 16 string quartets, he wrote five works for string quintet, seven for piano trio, five for string trio, and more than a dozen works for a variety of combinations of wind instruments.^ Andante cantabile 1020 - Quintet for Piano and Wind Quartet in E flat, Op.16: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Presto 1018 - Quintet for Piano and Wind Quartet in E flat, Op.16: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Chamber music with wind instruments and piano include a Quintet, Op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

The three periods

Problems listening to this file? See media help.
Beethoven's compositional career is usually divided into Early, Middle, and Late periods.[78] In this scheme, his early period is taken to last until about 1802, the middle period from about 1803 to about 1814, and the late period from about 1815.
.In his Early period, Beethoven's work was strongly influenced by his predecessors Haydn and Mozart.^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Choral Music (Sacred) - HANDEL, G.F. / MOZART, W.A. / HAYDN, F.J. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / BACH, J.S. / MENDELSSOHN, Felix / BRUCKNER, A. .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ CLASSIC MOODS - ALBINONI, T.G. / HANDEL, G.F. / MARCELLO, A. / VIVALDI, A. / BACH, J.S. / MOZART, W.A. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / HAYDN, F.J. .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

He also explored new directions and gradually expanded the scope and ambition of his work. Some important pieces from the Early period are the first and second symphonies, the set of six string quartets Opus 18, the first two piano concertos, and the first dozen or so piano sonatas, including the famous Pathétique sonata, Op. 13.
His Middle (Heroic) period began shortly after Beethoven's personal crisis brought on by his recognition of encroaching deafness. It includes large-scale works that express heroism and struggle. Middle-period works include six symphonies (Nos. .3–8), the last three piano concertos, the Triple Concerto and violin concerto, five string quartets (Nos.^ Beethoven : Piano concertos nos.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Adagio 661 - Piano Concerto No.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Adagio 664 - Piano Concerto No.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

7–11), several piano sonatas (including the Moonlight, Waldstein and Appassionata sonatas), the Kreutzer violin sonata and Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio.
Beethoven's Late period began around 1815. Works from this period are characterized by their intellectual depth, their formal innovations, and their intense, highly personal expression. The String Quartet, Op. 131 has seven linked movements, and the Ninth Symphony adds choral forces to the orchestra in the last movement.[78] .Other compositions from this period include the Missa Solemnis, the last five string quartets (including the massive Große Fuge) and the last five piano sonatas.^ Wikipedia Beethoven's Letters 1790-1826, Volume 1 (English) (as Author) Beethoven's Letters 1790-1826, Volume 2 (English) (as Author) Beethoven, the Man and the Artist, as Revealed in His Own Words (English) (as Author) Beethoven, the Man and the Artist, as Revealed in His Own Words (English) (as Author) Große Fuge in B flat major Opus 133 () (as Author) Minuet in G flat major and Valse Bluette () (as Author) Piano Sonata No.
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

Beethoven on screen

.Eroica is a 1949 Austrian film depicting life and works of Beethoven (Ewald Balser), which also entered into the 1949 Cannes Film Festival.^ Rembrandt and His Works Comprising a Short Account of His Life; with a Critical Examination into His Principles and Practice of Design, Light, Shade, and Colour.
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[80] The film is directed by Walter Kolm-Veltée, produced by Guido Bagier with Walter Kolm-Veltée and written by Walter Kolm-Veltée with Franz Tassié.[81]
.In 1994 a film about Beethoven (Gary Oldman) titled Immortal Beloved was written and directed by Bernard Rose.^ BEETHOVEN, L.: Immortal Beethoven (The) - Highlights of his Most Beloved Music .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

The story follows Beethoven's secretary and first biographer, Anton Schindler (portrayed by Jeroen Krabbé), as he attempts to ascertain the true identity of the Unsterbliche Geliebte (Immortal Beloved) addressed in three letters found in the late composer's private papers. Schindler journeys throughout the Austrian Empire, interviewing women who might be potential candidates, as well as through Beethoven's own tumultuous life. Filming took place in the Czech cities of Prague and Kromeriz and the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna, Austria, between 23 May and 29 July 1994.
.In 2003 a BBC / Opus Arte film Eroica was released, with Ian Hart as Beethoven and the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique conducted by Sir John Eliot Gardiner performing the Eroica Symphony in its entirety.^ Symphonies (Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Symphony No.5 & No.3 (Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Leonore (Monteverdi Choir and Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique feat.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

The subject of the film is the first performance of the Eroica Symphony in 1804 at the palace of Prince Lobkowitz (played by Jack Davenport).[82] In a 2005 three-part BBC miniseries, Beethoven was played by Paul Rhys. [83]
A movie titled Copying Beethoven was released in 2006, starring Ed Harris as Beethoven. This film was a fictionalized account of Beethoven's last days, and his struggle to produce his Ninth Symphony before he died.

References

  1. ^ Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often, in the past, given as 16 December, however this is not known with certainty; his family celebrated his birthday on that date, but there is no documentary evidence that his birth was actually on 16 December.
  2. ^ a b c d e Grove Online, section 1
  3. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 49
  4. ^ Thorne, J. O. & Collocott, T.C., ed (1986). Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers Ltd. p. 114. ISBN 0550180222. 
  5. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 53
  6. ^ This is discussed in depth in Solomon, chapter 1.
  7. ^ a b Stanley, p. 7
  8. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 59
  9. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 67
  10. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, pp. 71–74
  11. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 15
  12. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 23
  13. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 24
  14. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 16
  15. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 102
  16. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 104
  17. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, pp. 105–109
  18. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 124
  19. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 35
  20. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 41
  21. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 35–41
  22. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 148
  23. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 42
  24. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 43
  25. ^ Grove Online, section 3
  26. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 47,54
  27. ^ Thayer, Vol 1, p. 161
  28. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 53
  29. ^ Cross (1953), p. 59
  30. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 46
  31. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 59
  32. ^ Lockwood (2005), p. 144
  33. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 56
  34. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 62–65
  35. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 68
  36. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 69
  37. ^ Beethoven, Ludwig (19 November 1796). "Letter to Andreas Streicher in Vienna, Preßburg" (in German). Beethoven-Haus Bonn Digital Archives. http://www.beethoven-haus-bonn.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=5119&template=dokseite_digitales_archiv_en&_eid=5055&_ug=Musicians&_dokid=b88&_mid=Written%20documents%20by%20Ludwig%20van%20Beethoven%20and%20others&_seite=1. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  38. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 72
  39. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 75–76
  40. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 82
  41. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 90
  42. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 66
  43. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 58
  44. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 97
  45. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 80
  46. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 98–103
  47. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 112–127
  48. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 112–115
  49. ^ Grove Online, section 5
  50. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 108
  51. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 120
  52. ^ White, Felix (1 April 1927). "Some Tributes to Beethoven in English Verse". The Musical Times 68 (No. 1010). 
  53. ^ Ealy, George Thomas (Spring 1994). "Of Ear Trumpets and a Resonance Plate: Early Hearing Aids and Beethoven's Hearing Perception". 19th-Century Music 17 (No. 3): 262–273. http://www.jstor.org/pss/746569. 
  54. ^ Solomon (2001)
  55. ^ Clive, p. 239
  56. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 131
  57. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 148
  58. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 150
  59. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 185
  60. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 146,168
  61. ^ Beethoven's Immortal Beloved Letters
  62. ^ Oakley Beahrs, Virginia: The Immortal Beloved Riddle Reconsidered, Musical Times, Vol. 129, No. 1740 (Feb., 1988), pp. 64-70
  63. ^ Cooper (2008), pp. 194, 208–210. Cooper cites Solomon among other sources, and provides compelling evidence that it was neither Josephine Deym nor Marie Erdödy.
  64. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 212
  65. ^ Cooper (2008), p. 254
  66. ^ a b On 18 December 1818, The Landrechte, the Austrian court for the nobility, handed over the whole matter of guardianship to the Stadtmagistrat, the court for commoners " It .... appears from the statement of Ludwig van Beethoven, as the accompanying copy of the court minutes of 11 December of this year shows, that he is unable to prove nobility: hence the matter of guardianship is transferred to an honorable magistrate" Landrechte of the Magisterial tribunal.
  67. ^ Cooper (2008), p 260
  68. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 317
  69. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 318
  70. ^ a b Cooper (2008), p. 349
  71. ^ Mai, F.M. (2006-10-01). "Beethoven's terminal illness and death". J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 36(3): 258–263. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed&cmd=DetailsSearch&term=Beethoven%27s+terminal+illness+and+death&log$=activity. 
  72. ^ Meredith, William (Spring & Summer 2005). "The History of Beethoven's Skull Fragments". The Beethoven Journal 20 (1 & 2): 2–3. http://www2.sjsu.edu/beethoven/skull/skullstory.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  73. ^ Jahn, George (2007-08-28). "Pathologist: Doctor Killed Beethoven". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/28/AR2007082800980_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  74. ^ Eisinger, Josef (2008-01-01). "The lead in Beethoven's hair". Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry 90: 1–5. 
  75. ^ Lorenz, Michael: 'Commentary on Wawruch’s Report: Biographies of Andreas Wawruch and Johann Seibert, Schindler’s Responses to Wawruch’s Report, and Beethoven’s Medical Condition and Alcohol Consumption', The Beethoven Journal, Winter 2007, Vol. 22, No 2, (San Jose: The Ira Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies, 2007), 92-100.
  76. ^ Beethoven bipolar? http://www.gazette.uottawa.ca/article_e_1529.html
  77. ^ Cold Case in Vienna: Who Killed Beethoven?CBS News
  78. ^ a b c d e Grove Online
  79. ^ Ludwig van Beethoven — Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
  80. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Eroica". festival-cannes.com. http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/archives/ficheFilm/id/4138/year/1949.html. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  81. ^ Eroica at the Internet Movie Database
  82. ^ Eroica at the Internet Movie Database
  83. ^ Beethoven at the Internet Movie Database

Sources

  • Clive, Peter (2001). Beethoven and His World: A Biographical Dictionary. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-816672-9. 
  • Cooper, Barry (2008). Beethoven. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 9780195313314. 
  • Cross, Milton; Ewen, David (1953). The Milton Cross New Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday. OCLC 17791083. 
  • Landon, H C Robbins; Göllerich; August (1970). Beethoven: a documentary study. Macmillan. OCLC 87180. 
  • Lockwood, Lewis (2005). Beethoven: The Music And The Life. W. W. Norton. ISBN 9780393326383. 
  • Solomon, Maynard (2001). Beethoven (2nd revised ed.). Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-8256-7268-6. 
  • Stanley, Glenn (ed) (2000). The Cambridge Companion to Beethoven. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-58074-9. 
  • Thayer, A. W.; Krehbiel, Henry Edward (ed, trans); Deiters, Hermann; Riemann, Hugo (1921). .The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven, Vol 1.^ BEETHOVEN, L. van: Piano Trios, Vol.
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ludwig Van Beethoven .
    • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ BEETHOVEN, L. van: String Trios (Complete), Vol.
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    The Beethoven Association. OCLC 422583. .http://books.google.com/books?id=VQw5AAAAIAAJ. 
  • Kerman, Joseph; Tyson, Alan; Burnham, Scott G. "Ludvig van Beethoven", Grove Music Online, ed.^ Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Very Best of Classical Music, Volume 4: Ludwig van Beethoven .
    • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Classical Music Home > Classical Composers > B > Beethoven, Ludwig van .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    L. Macy (accessed 29 November 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).

Further reading

  • Albrecht, Theodore, and Elaine Schwensen, "More Than Just Peanuts: Evidence for December 16 as Beethoven's birthday." The Beethoven Newsletter 3 (1988): 49, 60–63.
  • Bohle, Bruce, and Robert Sabin. .The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians. London: J.M.Dent & Sons LTD, 1975. ISBN 0-460-04235-1.
  • Davies, Peter J. The Character of a Genius: Beethoven in Perspective. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002. ISBN 0-313-31913-8.
  • Davies, Peter J. Beethoven in Person: His Deafness, Illnesses, and Death. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001. ISBN 0-313-31587-6.
  • DeNora, Tia.^ INTERNATIONAL MUSIC FESTIVAL NZ 2001 .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    "Beethoven and the Construction of Genius: Musical Politics in Vienna, 1792–1803." Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1995. ISBN 0-520-21158-8.
  • Geck, Martin. Beethoven. Translated by Anthea Bell. London: Haus, 2003. ISBN 1-904341-03-9 (h), ISBN 1-904341-00-4 (p).
  • Hatten, Robert S (1994). Musical Meaning in Beethoven. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-32742-3. 
  • Kropfinger, Klaus. Beethoven. Verlage Bärenreiter/Metzler, 2001. ISBN 3-7618-1621-9.
  • Martin, Russell. Beethoven's Hair. .New York: Broadway Books, 2000. ISBN 978-0767903509
  • Meredith, William.^ The New Pun Book (English) (as Author) Brown, William Garrott, 1868-1913 .
    • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    "The History of Beethoven's Skull Fragments." The Beethoven Journal 20 (2005): 3-46.
  • Morris, Edmund. Beethoven: The Universal Composer. New York: Atlas Books / HarperCollins, 2005. ISBN 0-06-075974-7.
  • Rosen, Charles. .The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven. (Expanded ed.^ Organ Recital: Athanasiades, Georges - PURCELL, H. / FRESCOBALDI, G.A. / HAYDN, F.J. / MOZART, W.A. / BEETHOVEN, L. van .
    • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

    ) New York: W. W. Norton, 1998. ISBN 0-393-04020-8 (hc); ISBN 0-393-31712-9 (pb).
  • Solomon, Maynard. Late Beethoven: Music, Thought, Imagination. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. ISBN 0-520-23746-3.
  • Thayer, A. W., rev and ed. Elliot Forbes. Thayer's Life of Beethoven. (2 vols.) Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09103-X

External links

  • Beethoven-Haus Bonn. Official website of Beethoven-Haus in Bonn, Germany. Links to extensive studio and digital archive, library holdings, the Beethoven-Haus Museum (including "internet exhibitions" and "virtual visits"), the Beethoven-Archiv research center, and information on Beethoven publications of interest to the specialist and general reader. Extensive collection of Beethoven's compositions and written documents, with sound samples and a digital reconstruction of his last house in Vienna.
  • The Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies, The Beethoven Gateway (San José State University)

Digitized, scanned material (books, sheetmusic)

Sheetmusic (scores)

Historical recordings

General reference

Specific topics


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

A portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820
.Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized 1770-12-16, died 1827-03-26) was a German composer who lived predominantly in Vienna, Austria.^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Eroica .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven at the piano.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was a major musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras.^ The Most Romantic classical music in the universe .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MCCLEERY, D.: Discover Music of the Romantic Era .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Discover Music of the Classical Era .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.Beethoven is widely regarded as one of history's greatest composers.^ Beethoven heard in Vienna the French violinist and prolific composer Rodolphe Kreutzer (1766–1831) considered the greatest violin virtuoso in pre- Paganini era.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sourced

  • I want to seize fate by the throat.
  • There ought to be but one large art warehouse in the world, to which the artist could carry his art-works, and from which he could carry away whatever he needed. As it is, one must be half a tradesman.
    • Conversations (January 1801)
  • The world is a king, and like a king, desires flattery in return for favor; but true art is selfish and perverse — it will not submit to the mold of flattery.^ Bettina von Arnim, friend, half-sister of Franz Brentano .
    • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Conversations (March 1879)
  • Plaudite, amici, comedia finita est. (Applaud, my friends, the comedy is over.)
    • Said on his deathbed, 1827
  • Ich werde im Himmel hören! (I will hear in heaven!)
    • Said on his deathbed, 1827, as cited from the book Last Words.
  • The day-to-day exhausted me!
    • to Karl von Baden, August 23, 1823
  • Muß es sein? Es muß sein.
    • Must it be? .It must be.
    • Epigraph to string quartet in F Major, Opus 135.
  • Music is like a dream.^ E flat major Opus 127 () (as Author) String Quartet No.
    • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ B flat major Opus 18 () (as Author) String Quartet No.
    • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ B flat major Opus 130 () (as Author) String Quartet No.
    • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    One that I cannot hear.
    • Conversations (January 1804)

About Beethoven

.
  • Another equally true saying of Schumann is that, compared with Beethoven, Schubert is as a woman to a man.^ WOLF, H. / SCHUBERT, F. / MOZART, W.A. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / SCHUMANN, R. / BRAHMS. J. / LISZT, F. / MENDELSSOHN, Felix .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Vocal Recital: Mattila, Karita - BEETHOVEN, L. van / SCHUBERT, F. / SCHUMANN, R. / BRAHMS, J. / MAHLER, G. (Wild Rose) .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    ^ BEETHOVEN / SCHUBERT / SCHUMANN / MOZART: Music for French Horn .
    • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    For it must be confessed that one's attitudes towards him is almost always that of sympathy, attraction, and love, rarely that of embarrassment or fear. .Here and there only, as in the Rosamund B minor Entr'acte, or the Finale of the 10th symphony, does he compel his listeners with an irrestistible power; and yet how different is this compulsion from the strong, fierce, merciless coercion, with which Beethoven forces you along, and bows and bends you to his will.^ And how come those > Beethoven Was Black proponents never mention the visages in paintings of > Beethoven's brothers (even though I think there is a painting only of one > brother) or parents, grandfather, or even nephew?
    • Universal recycles Lenny again! - rec.music.classical.recordings | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And how come those Beethoven Was Black proponents never mention the visages in paintings of Beethoven's brothers (even though I think there is a painting only of one brother) or parents, grandfather, or even nephew?
    • Universal recycles Lenny again! - rec.music.classical.recordings | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is only one exception and unfortunately this is Beethoven's most famous composition: his last symphony.
    • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Sir George Grove in his Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn (London:Macmillan, 1951), p.^ CLASSIC MOODS - SCHUBERT, F. / BRAHMS, J. / DAVID, F. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / WOLF, H. / MAHLER, G. / MENDELSSOHN, Felix / ABY, F.W. / REYER, E. .
      • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

      ^ WOLF, H. / SCHUBERT, F. / MOZART, W.A. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / SCHUMANN, R. / BRAHMS. J. / LISZT, F. / MENDELSSOHN, Felix .
      • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Choral Music (Male Chorus) - SILCHER, F. / MENDELSSOHN, Felix / SCHUBERT, F. / BEETHOVEN, L. van / MARSCHNER, H.A. / ZOLLNER, C.F. / GLUCK, F. .
      • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]
      • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

      238.
  • When his friends, says Czerny, speak to him of his youthful renown, he replies: "Ah, nonsense! I have never thought of writing for renown and glory. What I have in my heart must out; that is why I write." .
  • You are going to Vienna in fulfillment of your long-frustrated wishes.^ While finished in 1795 and published in Vienna a year later, Beethoven’s Sonatas op.
    • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Genius of Mozart is mourning and weeping over the death of her pupil. She has found a refuge but no occupation with the inexhaustible Haydn; through him she wishes to form a union with another. With the help of assiduous labor you shall receive Mozart's spirit from Haydn's hands. .
  • Everything will pass, and the world will perish but the Ninth Symphony will remain.^ Wohnsttten Ludwig van Beethovens von 1792 bis zu seinem Tod.
    • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • A colossus beyond the grasp of most mortals, with his totally uncompromising power, his unsensual and uningratiating way with music as with people.

External links

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Wikipedia
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770-1827), German musical composer, was baptized (probably, as was usual, the day after birth) on the 17th of December 1770 at Bonn.^ Ludwig van Beethoven'sWebsite .

^ MAGAZINE BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van .
  • BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ By Ludwig van Beethoven … more → .
  • Beethoven — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His family is traceable to a village near Louvain, in Belgium, in the 17th century.^ His family is traceable to a village near Louvain, in Belgium.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The family can be traced back to the 15th century.

^ The family of Beethoven is traceable to a village near Lowen in Belgium, in the 17th century.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1650 a lineal ancestor of the composer settled in Antwerp.^ In 1650 a lineal ancestor of the composer settled in Antwerp.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1650 a member of this family, a lineal ancestor of our composer, settled in Antwer.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1650 a lineal ancestor of the composer settled in Antwerp .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven's grandfather, Louis, quarrelled with his family, came to Bonn in 1732, and became one of the court musicians of the archbishop-elector of Cologne.^ Beethoven's Father and Grandfather were court musicians.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Composer 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.lucidcafe.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's grandfather, Louis, quarrelled with his family, came to Bonn in 1732, and became one of the court musicians of the archbishop-elector of Cologne.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Louis was a capable musician and eventually became the Elector's Director of Music.

.He was a genial man of estimable character, and though Ludwig van Beethoven was only four years old when his grandfather died, he never forgot him, but cherished his portrait to the end of his life.^ MAGAZINE BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van .
  • BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ By Ludwig van Beethoven … more → .
  • Beethoven — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven Ludwig Van - 40 results .
  • Beethoven Ludwig Van: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Beethoven's father, a tenor singer at the archbishop-elector's court, was of a rough and violent temper, not improved by his passion for drink, nor by the dire poverty under which the family laboured.^ Beethoven's Father and Grandfather were court musicians.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Composer 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.lucidcafe.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's father, a tenor singer at the archbishop-elector's court, was of a rough and violent temper, not improved by his passion for drink, nor by the dire poverty under which the family labored.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father was of a rough and violent temper, not improved by his passion for intoxicating drink, not by the dire poverty under which the family laboured.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.He married Magdelina Leim or Laym, the widow of a vdlet-de-chambre of the elector of Trier and daughter of the chief cook at Ehrenbreitstein.^ The latter was married to Maria Magdalena Keverich, daughter of a cook, and widow of a valet-de-chambre of the elector of Trèves.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He married Magdelina Leim or Laym, the widow of a vâlet-de-chambre of the elector of Trier and daughter of the chief cook at Ehrenbreitstein.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He married Magdelina Leim or Laym, the widow of a vdlet-de-chambre of the elector of Trier and daughter of the chief cook at Ehrenbreitstein .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven's father wished to profit as early as possible by his son's talent, and accordingly began to give him a severe musical training, especially on the violin, when he was only five years old, at about which time they left the house in which he was born (515 Bonngasse, now preserved as a Beethoven museum, with a magnificent collection of manuscripts and relics).^ They supported him and in return, Beethoven dedicated his music to his audience.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography | Composer | Classical Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.kidzworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's father wished to profit as early as possible by his son's talent , and accordingly began to give him a severe musical training, especially on the violin , when he was only five years old, at about which time they left the house in which he was born (515 Bonngasse, now preserved as a Beethoven museum, with a magnificent collection of manuscripts and relics ).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.By the time Beethoven was nine his father had no more to teach him, and he entered upon a perhaps healthier course of clavier lessons under a singer named Pfeiffer.^ By the time Beethoven was nine his father had no more to teach him, and he entered upon a perhaps healthier course of clavier lessons under a singer named Pfeiffer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The hefty program – by no means unusual for the time – included a Mozart symphony, two movements from Haydn’s Creation, an improvisation on the piano by Beethoven, the Septet, Op.
  • http://www.springfieldsymphony.org/elizabeth/beethoven/index.htm 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.springfieldsymphony.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven on Making no sense This remarkable composition, which is never played when it can be avoided, consists of various variable variations upon a variety of variegated variants.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A little general education was also edged in by a certain Zambona.^ A little general education was also edged in by a certain Zambona.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Van den Eeden, the court organist, and an old friend of his grandfather, taught him the organ and the pianoforte, and so rapid was Beethoven's progress that when C. G. Neefe succeeded to Van den Eeden's post in 1781, he was soon able to allow the boy to act as his deputy.^ By June 1782 Beethoven had become Neefe’s assistant as court organist.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Returns to old posts (organist & viola in court orchestra).

^ At the age of eleven Beethoven was even Neefes assistant as the courts organist.
  • The My Hero Project - Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.myhero.com [Source type: General]

.With his permission Beethoven published in 1783 his earliest extant composition, a set of variations on a march by Dressler.^ In 1783 Beethoven's first published work, a set of keyboard variations appeared.
  • Kennedy Center: Biographical information for Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.kennedy-center.org [Source type: General]

^ Again Beethoven opens with a set of variations.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

^ Beethovens variations were published in 1823.
  • BEETHOVEN ~ NOTES Page ~ aMUSIClassical Directory 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

.The title-page states that they were written in 1780 "par un jeune amateur Louis van Beethoven age' de dix ans." Beethoven's father was very clumsy in his unnecessary attempts to make an infant prodigy of his son; for the ante-dating of this composition, implying the correct date of birth, contradicts the post-dating of the date of birth by which he tried to make out that the three sonatas Beethoven wrote in the same year were by a boy of eleven.^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Sonatas .
  • Beethoven - Sonatas, Piano Sheet Music 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.pianostreet.com [Source type: General]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven Information Page .

^ Ludwig van Beethoven's Pianoforte Sonatas .
  • Beethoven Ludwig Van: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.(Beethoven for a long time believed that he was born in 1772, and the certificate of his baptism hardly convinced him, because he knew that he had an elder brother named Ludwig who died in infancy.^ (Beethoven for a long time believed that he was born in 1772, and the certificate of his baptism hardly convinced him, because he knew that he had an elder brother named Ludwig who died in infancy.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven?
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven was a long time in forgiving me.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven & the Eroica Symphony 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

) .In the same year, 1783, Beethoven was given the post of cembalist in the Bonn theatre, and in 1784 his position of assistant to Neefe became official.^ In the same year, 1783, Beethoven was given the post of cembalist in the Bonn theater, and in 1784 his position of assistant to Neefe became official.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year, 1783, Beethoven was given the post of cembalist in the Bonn theatre , and in 1784 his position of assistant to Neefe became official.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite his fathers hopes, Beethoven made little impact on the musical world until he was 11, when he left school and became assistant organist to Christian Gottlob Neefe at the court of Bonn, receiving instruction from him and other musicians.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven - KBAQ 89.5 FM - Your Classical Companion 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.kbaq.org [Source type: General]

.In a catalogue raisonne of the new archbishop Max Franz's court musicians we find "No.^ In a catalogue raisonne of the new archbishop Max Franz's court musicians we find "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a catalogue raisonné of the new archbishop Max Franz's court musicians we find "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether you are an Enneagram student or teacher, or a music fan with no knowledge of the Enneagram, you will find this unusual performance will expand your understanding of the music and the musician.
  • The Beethoven Enneagram 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.wagele.com [Source type: General]

.14, Ludwig Beethoven" described "as of good capacity, still young, of good, quiet behaviour and poor," while his father (No.^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no. 9 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.wsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ludwig Beethoven" described "as of good capacity, still young, of good, quiet behaviour and poor," while his father (No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No.
  • Classics for Kids | Teachers: Lesson Plans 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.classicsforkids.com [Source type: General]

.8) "has a completely worn-out voice, has long been in service, is very poor, of fairly good behaviour, and married."^ Very good speaking voice.
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 21 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

^ The fight for custody brought out the very worst aspects of Beethoven's character, and also caused him to stop composing for long periods.

^ Nonsensical adjectives (when applied to music), such as "masculine" and "virile," have fallen completely out of fashion, though they were used and applied liberally not so very long ago.
  • Beethoven Violin Concerto - BestStudentViolins.com 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC beststudentviolins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the spring of 1787 Beethoven paid a short visit to Vienna, where he astonished Mozart by his extemporizations and had a few lessons from him.^ Born in Bonn, Beethoven visited Vienna in 1787, and was taught briefly by Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ This visit to Vienna was cut short by the death of Beethoven's mother.
  • The Life And Times of Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven had visited Mozart in Vienna and...
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.How he was enabled to afford this visit is not clear.^ How he was enabled to afford this visit is not clear.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.After three months the illness of his mother, to whom he was devoted, brought him back.^ After three months the illness of his mother, to whom he was devoted, brought him back.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before any formal tuition could take place, however, news that Beethoven's mother was dying took him back to Bonn.

^ In 1787, Beethoven went to Vienna for the first time, where he received several lessons from Mozart , but news of what proved to be his mother's fatal illness sent him hurrying back to Bonn after just three months.
  • Lesson Tutor : Classical Composer Biography Series: Ludwig vanBeethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lessontutor.com [Source type: General]

.She died in July, leaving a baby girl, one year old, who died in November.^ One year later, Franz dies.

^ He was 57 years old when he died.
  • The My Hero Project - Ludwig van Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.myhero.com [Source type: General]

^ She died in July, leaving a baby girl, one year old, who died in November.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.For five more years Beethoven remained at Bonn supporting his family, of which he had been since the age of fifteen practically the head, as his father's bad habits steadily increased until in 1789 Ludwig was officially entrusted with his father's salary.^ For the next five years, Beethoven remained at Bonn.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven More at IMDbPro » .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ For five more years Beethoven remained at Bonn supporting his family, of which he had been since the age of fifteen practically the head, as his father's bad habits steadily increased until in 1789 Ludwig was officially entrusted with his father's salary.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.He had already made several lifelong friends at Bonn, of whom the chief were Count Waldstein and Stephan Breuning; and his prospects brightened as the archbishop-elector, in imitation of his brother the emperor Joseph II., enlarged the scale of his artistic munificence.^ He had already made several lifelong friends at Bonn, of whom the chief were Count Waldstein and Stephan Breuning; and his prospects brightened as the archbishop-elector, in imitation of his brother the emperor Joseph II, enlarged the scale of his artistic munificence.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had already made several lifelong friends at Bonn, of whom the chief were Count Waldstein and Stephan Breuning; and his prospects brightened as the archbishop-elector, in imitation of his brother the emperor Joseph II ., enlarged the scale of his artistic munificence.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Gerhard Breuning, friend, son of Stephan .
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1792 the archbishop-elector's attention was thoroughly aroused to Beethoven's power, and he provided for Beethoven's second visit to Vienna.^ Beethoven had visited Mozart in Vienna and...
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ With the Elector's help, Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.paralumun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the Elector's help, Beethoven moved again to Vienna in 1792.

.The introductions he and Count Waldstein gave to Beethoven, the prefix "van" in Beethoven's name (which looked well though it was not really a title of nobility), and above all the unequalled impressiveness of his playing and extemporization, quickly secured his footing with the exceptionally intelligent and musical aristocracy of Vienna, who to the end of his life treated him with genuine affection and respect, bearing with all the roughness of his manners and temper, not as with the eccentricities of a fashionable genius, but as with signs of the sufferings of a passionate and noble nature.^ Ludwig van Beethoven: Musical Acorns...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography - Ask.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven started playing music at age 4.
  • The My Hero Project - Ludwig van Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.myhero.com [Source type: General]

^ Bestselling Titles by Ludwig van Beethoven .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Featured Composer at Boosey.com Music Shop. 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.boosey.com [Source type: General]

.Beethoven's life, though outwardly uneventful, was one of the most pathetic of tragedies.^ Beethoven's social life was affected the most.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography | Composer | Classical Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.kidzworld.com [Source type: General]

^ It was one of Beethoven's most successful concerts.
  • Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92 : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's life, though outwardly uneventful, was one of the most pathetic of tragedies.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.His character has had the same fascination for his biographers as it had for his friends, and there is probably hardly any great man in history of whom more is known and of whom so much of what is known is interesting.^ His character has had the same fascination for his biographers as it had for his friends, and there is probably hardly any great man in history of whom more is known and of whom so much of what is known is interesting.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He does not reach the heights of inspiration of the three great Serenades of Mozart, there are many interesting features to be explored, questions still to be answered, and pieces to be played.
  • Repertoire > Composers > Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.timreynish.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven, probably worried that too much would be made of this, actually published the work with a disclaimer that it was "more an expression of feeling than painting" ergo there is no story line.
  • BEETHOVEN - SYMPHONIES 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.clt.astate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet it is all too much a matter of detail and anecdote to admit of chronological summarizing here, and for the disentangling of its actual incidents we must refer the reader to Sir George Grove's long and graphic article, "Beethoven," in the Dictionary of Music and Musicians, and to the monumental biography of Thayer, who devoted his whole life to collecting materials.^ Yet it is all too much a matter of detail and anecdote to admit of chronological summarizing here, and for the disentangling of its actual incidents we must refer the reader to the monumental biography of Thayer, who devoted his whole life to collecting materials.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (See the standard biography of Beethoven, Thayer's Life of Beethoven, ed.
  • Beethoven's hair 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.sjsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New grove dictionary of music and musicians: Vol.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These two biographical works, read in the spirit in which their authors conceived them, will reveal, beneath a mass of distressing, grotesque and sometimes sordid detail, a nobility of character and unswerving devotion to the highest moral ideas throughout every distress and temptation to which a passionate and totally unpractical temper and the growing shadow of a terrible misfortune could expose a man.^ Beneath a mass of distressing, grotesque and sometimes sordid detail, there is a nobility of character and unswerving devotion to the highest moral ideas throughout every distress and temptation to which a passionate and totally unpractical temper and the growing shadow of a terrible misfortune could expose a man.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These two biographical works, read in the spirit in which their authors conceived them, will reveal, beneath a mass of distressing, grotesque and sometimes sordid detail, a nobility of character and unswerving devotion to the highest moral ideas throughout every distress and temptation to which a passionate and totally unpractical temper and the growing shadow of a terrible misfortune could expose a man.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Goethe asked Beethoven how he could so disrespectfully treat these nobles, the composer replied, again characteristically, "There are countless 'nobles', but only two of us."
  • The Beethoven Mystique 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.art-bin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • INKPOT#70 CLASSICAL MUSIC REVIEWS: The Beethoven Mystique - Page 1 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC inkpot.com [Source type: General]

.The man is surpassed only by his works, for in them he had that mastery which was denied to him in what he himself calls his attempt to "grapple with fate."^ The man is surpassed only by his works, for in them he had that mastery which was denied to him in what he himself calls his attempt to "grapple with fate."
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But when Beethoven heard Napoleon had proclaimed himself emperor, he defaced the title page in disillusionment and called the work Eroica (1803).

^ His attempt to use his celebrity and power to create a surrogate family for himself nearly destroyed him, and pitilessly hurt and alienated those around him.

.Such of his difficulties as lay in his own character already showed themselves in his studies with Haydn.^ Such of his difficulties as lay in his own character already showed themselves in his studies with Haydn.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such of his difficulties as lay in his own character already showed themselves in his studies with Joseph Haydn .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore he decided to send the young composer, at his own expense, to study strict counterpoint with Haydn.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.mp3berg.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.danielmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

.Haydn, who seems to have heard of him on his first visit to Vienna in 1787, passed through Bonn in July 1792, and was so much struck by Beethoven that it was very likely at his instigation that the archbishop sent Beethoven to Vienna to study under him.^ Born in Bonn, Beethoven visited Vienna in 1787, and was taught briefly by Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Joseph Haydn.

^ Haydn insisted that Beethoven accompany him to Vienna.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: General]

.But Beethoven did not get on well with him, and found him perfunctory in correcting his exercises.^ But Beethoven did not get on well with him, and found him perfunctory in correcting his exercises.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven found this version unsatisfactory, however, and redid the arrangement himself, making sure that the publisher paid him twelve ducats for his trouble.
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise: Beethoven's Grosse Fuge 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.therestisnoise.com [Source type: General]

^ Not until Fraulein Unger, a contralto, had him turn around did Beethoven witness the reception to his masterpiece.

.Haydn appreciated neither his manners nor the audacity of his free compositions, and abandoned whatever intentions he may have had of taking Beethoven with him to England in 1794. Beethoven could do without sympathy, but a grounding in strict counterpoint he felt to be a dire necessity, so he continued his studies with Albrechtsberger, a mere grammarian who had the poorest opinion of him, but who could, at all events, be depended on to attend to his work.^ Haydn appreciated neither his manners nor the audacity of his free compositions, and abandoned whatever intentions he may have had of taking Beethoven with him to England in 1794.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven studies counterpoint with Albrechtsberger & vocal writing with Salieri.

^ Beethoven could do without sympathy, but a grounding in strict counterpoint he felt to be a dire necessity, so he continued his studies with Albrechtsberger, a mere grammarian who had the poorest opinion of him, but who could, at all events, be depended on to attend to his work.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Almost every comment has been made upon the relations between Haydn and Beethoven, except the perfectly obvious one that Mozart died at the age of thirty-six, just at the time Beethoven came to Vienna, and that Haydn, as is perfectly well known, was profoundly shocked by the untimely loss of the greatest musician he had ever known.^ Beethoven made numerous acquaintances at Vienna.
  • Biography: Beethoven's life - Ludwig van Beethoven's website - Dominique PRÉVOT 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lvbeethoven.com [Source type: General]

^ Almost every comment has been made upon the relations between Haydn and Beethoven, except the perfectly obvious one that Mozart died at the age of thirty-six, just at the time Beethoven came to Vienna, and that Haydn, as is perfectly well known, was profoundly shocked by the untimely loss of the greatest musician he had ever known.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1973, Beethoven had become well known in Vienna.

.At such a time the undeniable clumsiness of Beethoven's efforts at academic exercises would combine with his general tactlessness to confirm Haydn in the belief that the sun had set for ever in the musical world, and would incline him to view with disfavour those bold features of style and form which the whole of his own artistic development should naturally have predisposed him to welcome.^ To him it seemed natural that music has roots.
  • Greg Sandow -- Beethoven Howls 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven would never see him again.
  • BEETHOVEN : Personality 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.beethoven.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ The finale is a set of variations, the first time that Beethoven had employed such a form in the finale to a sonata.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.It is at least significant that those early works of Beethoven in which Mozart's influence is most evident, such as the Septet, aroused Haydn's open admiration, whereas he hardly approved of the compositions like the sonatas, op. 2 (dedicated to him), in which his own influence is stronger.^ Example 19: Beethoven, Sonata Op.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven Piano Sonata Op 54 .
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven | The Omniscient Mussel 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC theomniscientmussel.com [Source type: General]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven - Sonata Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven on Yahoo! Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC new.music.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Neither he nor Beethoven was skilful in expressing himself except in music, and it is impossible to tell what Haydn meant, or what Beethoven thought he meant, in advising him not to publish the last and finest of the three trios, op. 1. But even if he did not mean that it was too daring for the public, it can hardly be expected that he never contrasted the meteoric career of Mozart, who after a miraculous boyhood had produced at the age of twenty-five some of the greatest music Haydn had ever seen, with the slow and painful development of his uncouth pupil, who at the same age had hardly a dozen presentable works to his credit.^ The last three sonatas, op.
  • Beethoven Piano Sonatas 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gate.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is one of the greatest works of music ever written.".
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the same Beethoven who years before had called himself "careless" and had refused to consider himself Haydn's "pupil"...
  • BEETHOVEN : Personality 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.beethoven.ws [Source type: Original source]

.It is not clear that Haydn ever came to understand Beethoven, and many years passed before Beethoven realized the greatness of the master whose teaching had so disappointed him.^ The latter year was the year Beethoven realized that his precious hearing was failing him.

^ It is not clear that Haydn ever came to understand Beethoven, and many years passed before Beethoven realized the greatness of the master whose teaching had so disappointed him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Occasionally Haydn's Creation and The Seasons came under fire in this respect, though Beethoven did recognize Haydn's greater achievements, especially the many choral works & certain other things for which he properly lavished praise on Haydn.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven & the Eroica Symphony 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.From the time Beethoven settled permanently in Vienna, which he was soon induced to do by the kindness of his aristocratic friends, the only noteworthy external features of his career are the productions of his compositions.^ From the time Beethoven settled permanently in Vienna, which he was soon induced to do by the kindness of his aristocratic friends, the only noteworthy external features of his career are the productions of his compositions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only condition was that Beethoven was not to leave Vienna.
  • Biography: Beethoven's life - Ludwig van Beethoven's website - Dominique PRÉVOT 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lvbeethoven.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven flirted with theater most during this stage of his career, with three compositions, Egmont (1810), Die Ruinen von Athen (1811) and Knig Stephan (1811) coming at this time.
  • LudwigFan.com - The Ludwig van Beethoven Educational Fanpage 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.ludwigfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In spite of the usual hostile criticism for obscurity, exaggeration and unpopularity, his reputation became world-wide and by degrees actually popular; nor did it ever decline, for as his later works became notorious for their extravagance and unintelligibility his earlier works became better understood.^ In spite of the usual hostile criticism for obscurity, exaggeration and unpopularity, his reputation became world-wide and by degrees actually popular; nor did it ever decline, for as his later works became notorious for their extravagance and unintelligibility his earlier works became better understood.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In spite of the usual hostile criticism for obscurity, exaggeration and unpopularity, his reputation became worldwide and by degrees actually popular; nor did it ever decline, for as his later works became notorious for their extravagance and unintelligibility his earlier works became better understood.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His compositions gradually became better known, although his works often caused controversy .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.He was no man of business, but, in a thoroughly unpractical way, he was suspicious and exacting in money matters, which in his later years frequently turned up in his conversation as a grievance, and at times, especially during the depreciation of the Austrian currency between 1808 and 1815, were a real anxiety to him.^ He was no man of business, but, in a thoroughly unpractical way, he was suspicious and exacting in money matters, which in his later years frequently turned up in his conversation as a grievance, and at times, especially during the depreciation of the Austrian currency between 1808 and 1815, were a real anxiety to him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Today people consider Beethoven as a composer of great music of all kinds yet during his own time people admired him because he was a great pianist.
  • The Life And Times of Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ When he turned eleven years old, he was appointed assistant to Christian Gottlob Neefe, court organist to the elector and Beethoven's first real teacher.
  • The Life And Times of Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.Nevertheless, with a little more skill his external prosperity would have been great.^ Nevertheless, with a little more skill his external prosperity would have been great.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Little did they know that I would later take the symphony to heights never before imagined by my great predecessors.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | MySpace 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If not for my music, little more of this and I would have ended my life...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pages.cs.wisc.edu [Source type: General]

.He was always a personage of importance, as is testified by more than one amusing anecdote, like those of his walks with Goethe and his half-ironical comments on the hats which flew off more for him than for Goethe; and in 1815 it seemed as if the summit of his fame was reached when his 7th symphony was performed, together with a hastily-written cantata, Der glorreiche Augenblick and the blazing piece of descriptive fireworks entitled Wellingtons Sieg oder die Schlacht bei Vittoria, once popular in England as the Battle Symphony. The occasion for this performance was the congress of Vienna; and the government placed the two halls of the Redouten-Saal at his disposal for two nights, while he himself was allowed to invite all the sovereigns of Europe.^ Who adores him more than I do?
  • Celebration Ledwig vanm Beethoven's 225th Birthday 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.schillerinstitute.org [Source type: General]

^ More than two-years’ work seemed for naught.

^ He was always a personage of importance, as is testified by more than one amusing anecdote, like those of his walks with Goethe and his half-ironical comments on the hats which flew off more for him than for Goethe; and in 1815 it seemed as if the summit of his fame was reached when his 7th symphony was performed, together with a hastily-written cantata , Der glorreiche Augenblick and the blazing piece of descriptive fireworks entitled Wellingtons Sieg oder die Schlacht bei Vittoria , once popular in England as the Battle Symphony.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the same year he received the freedom of the city, an honour much valued by him.^ In the same year he received the freedom of the city, an honour much valued by him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year he received the freedom of the city, an honor much valued by him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year he received the freedom of that city, an honour much valued by him.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.After that time his immediate popularity, as far as new works were concerned, became less eminent, as that of his more easy-going contemporaries began to increase.^ After that time his immediate popularity, as far as new works were concerned, became less eminent, as that of his more easy-going contemporaries began to increase.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was around this time that Beethoven's popularity with the contemporary public reached its apogee, and he was almost universally regarded as the greatest of living composers.
  • The Violin Site :: Beethoven 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.theviolinsite.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.paralumun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven's lifelong habit of sketching musical compositions as he worked them out became even more important as he grew older.
  • Beethoven - MSN Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven - Search View - ninemsn Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC au.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet there was, not only in the emotional power of his earlier works, but also in the known cause of his increasing inability to appear in public, something that awakened the best popular sensibilities; and when his two greatest and most difficult works, the 9th symphony and parts of the Missa Solemnis, were produced at a memorable concert in 1824, the storm of applause was overwhelming, and the composer, who was on the platform in order to give the time to the conductor, had to be turned round by one of the singers in order to see it.^ This is one of the grandest and most powerful of the works in the Second Period style.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He continued to appear in public from time to time, but most of his energies were absorbed in composing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.safran-arts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But these are only glimpses, and as a whole the two earlier Symphonies belong to the old order.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Signs of deafness had given him grave anxiety as early as 1 79 8. For a long time he successfully concealed it from all but his most intimate friends, while he consulted physicians and quacks with eagerness; but neither quackery nor the best skill of his time availed him, and it has been pointed out that the root of the evil lay deeper than could have been supposed during his lifetime.^ Signs of deafness had given him grave anxiety as early as 1797/98.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a long time he successfully concealed it from all but his most intimate friends, while he consulted physicians and quacks with eagerness; but neither quackery nor the best skill of his time availed him, and it has been pointed out that the root of the evil lay deeper than could have been supposed during his lifetime.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Signs of deafness had given him grave anxiety as early as 1 79 8.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although his constitution was magnificently strong and his health was preserved by his passion for outdoor life, a post-mortem examination revealed a very complicated state of disorder, evidently dating almost from childhood (if not inherited) and aggravated by lack of care and good food.^ Although his constitution was magnificently strong and his health was preserved by his passion for outdoor life, a post-mortem examination revealed a very complicated state of disorder, evidently dating almost from childhood (if not inherited) and aggravated by lack of care and good food.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The touching document addressed to his brothers in 1802, and known as his "will," should be read in its entirety, as given by Thayer (iv.^ The touching document addressed to his brothers in 1802, and known as his "will," should be read in its entirety, as given by Thayer (iv.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The touching document addressed to his brothers in 1802, and known as his "will", should be read in its entirety.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time he wrote a letter for his brothers, Carl and Johann, known as "Heiligenstadt Testement", with the following direction: "To be read and carried out after my death".
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pages.cs.wisc.edu [Source type: General]

4). .No verbal quotation short of the whole will do justice to the overpowering outburst which runs almost in one long unpunctuated sentence through the whole tragedy of Beethoven's life, as he knew it then and foresaw it.^ No verbal quotation short of the whole will do justice to the overpowering outburst which runs almost in one long unpunctuated sentence through the whole tragedy of Beethoven's life, as he knew it then and foresaw it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Schindler journeys throughout the Austrian Empire, interviewing women who might be potential candidates, as well as through Beethoven's own tumultuous life.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the last decade of his life Beethoven had almost completely lost his hearing, and he was increasingly socially isolated.
  • Beethoven - MSN Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven - MSN Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC ca.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He reproaches men for their injustice in thinking and calling him pugnacious, stubborn and misanthropical when they do not know that for six years he has suffered from an incurable condition, aggravated by incompetent doctors.^ His doctor called him "a confused guy."
  • The Beethoven Mystique 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.art-bin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • INKPOT#70 CLASSICAL MUSIC REVIEWS: The Beethoven Mystique - Page 1 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC inkpot.com [Source type: General]

^ He reproaches men for their injustice in thinking and calling him pugnacious, stubborn and misanthropical when they do not know that for six years he has suffered from an incurable condition, aggravated by incompetent doctors.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ask them what they think the doctors tried to do for him.
  • Classics for Kids | Teachers: Lesson Plans 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.classicsforkids.com [Source type: General]

.He dwells upon his delight in human society, from which he has had so early to isolate himself, but the thought of which now fills him with dread as it makes him realize his loss, not only in music but in all finer interchange of ideas, and terrifies him lest the cause of his distress should appear.^ Only morality and music keep him from killing himself.

^ He dwells upon his delight in human society, from which he has had so early to isolate himself, but the thought of which now fills him with dread as it makes him realize his loss, not only in music but in all finer interchange of ideas, and terrifies him lest the cause of his distress should appear.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, ballet music is not always bad; it can sometimes be very good (for example, Léo Delibes 's Sylvia ) […] I simply don't understand why a dance tune cannot appear now and then in a symphony, even if only with a deliberate nuance of vulgar, coarse humour.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

.He declares that, when those near him had heard a flute or a singing shepherd while he heard nothing, he was only prevented from taking his life by the thought of his art, but it seemed impossible for him to leave the world until he had brought out all that he felt to be in his power.^ He declares that, when those near him had heard a flute or a singing shepherd while he heard nothing, he was only prevented from taking his life by the thought of his art, but it seemed impossible for him to leave the world until he had brought out all that he felt to be in his power.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ah, it seemed to me impossible to leave the world until I had brough forth all that I felt was within me.
  • The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: General]

^ It seemed to me impossible to quit the world until I had produced all I felt it in me to produce; and so I reprieved this wretched life."
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He requests that after his death his present doctor, if surviving, shall be asked to describe his illness and to append it to this document in order that at least then the world may be as far as possible reconciled with him.^ He requests that after his death his present doctor, if surviving, shall be asked to describe his illness and to append it to this document in order that at least then the world may be as far as possible reconciled with him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He requests that after his death his present doctor , if surviving, shall be asked to describe his illness and to append it to this document in order that at least then the world may be as far as possible reconciled with him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We may assume it was these elements, foreshadowing the 6th Symphony, which after Beethovens death earned this sonata the sobriquet Pastoral, which did not help make the work really popular but which at least is not totally far-fetched.
  • Oehmsclassics: Korstick, Michael - Ludwig van Beethoven: Klaviersonate Nr. 15 op. 28 �Pastorale� / Sechs Variationen �ber ein eigenes Thema op. 34 / Eroica-Variationen op. 35 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.oehmsclassics.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He leaves his brothers his property, such as it is, and in terms not less touching, if more conventional than the rest of the document, he declares that his experience shows that only virtue has preserved his life and his courage through all his misery.^ He leaves his brothers his property, such as it is, and in terms not less touching, if more conventional than the rest of the document, he declares that his experience shows that only virtue has preserved his life and his courage through all his misery.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Looking at Beethoven's life, we see more misery than anything.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ He was tempted to take his own life, “But only Art held back; for, ah, it seemed unthinkable for me to leave the world forever before I had produced all that I felt called upon to produce.

.And, indeed, his art and his courage rose far above any level attainable by those artists who are slaves to the "personal note," for his chief occupation at the time of this document was his 2nd symphony, the most brilliant and triumphant piece that had ever been written up to that time.^ And, indeed, his art and his courage rose far above any level attainable by those artists who are slaves to the "personal note", for his chief occupation at the time of this document was his 2nd symphony, the most brilliant and triumphant piece that had ever been written up to that time.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And, indeed, his art and his courage rose far above any level attainable by those artists who are slaves to the "personal note," for his chief occupation at the time of this document was his 2nd symphony, the most brilliant and triumphant piece that had ever been written up to that time.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When he first came to know the poem, he was an optimistic young artist who had not yet composed his First Symphony, yet Beethoven's third approach to the poem, in 1812, came with the completion of the Eighth Symphony.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Symphony 9 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lawrenceglatz.com [Source type: Original source]

.On a smaller scale, in which mastery was the more easily attainable as experimen t was more readily tested, Beethoven was sooner able to strike a tragic note, and hence the process of growth in his style is more readily traceable in the pianoforte works than in the larger compositions which naturally represent a series of crowning results.^ It is classically romantic, perhaps more than Beethoven's other works.
  • BEETHOVEN ~ NOTES Page ~ aMUSIClassical Directory 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

^ This work was in a markedly more Romantic style than his earlier sonatas.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On a smaller scale, in which mastery was the more easily attainable as experiment was more readily tested, Beethoven was sooner able to strike a tragic note, and hence the process of growth in his style is more readily traceable in the pianoforte works than in the larger compositions which naturally represent a series of crowning results.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Only in his last period does the pianoforte cease to be Beethoven's normal means of expression.^ And so, what does Beethoven mean to me?
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only in his last period does the pianoforte cease to be Beethoven's normal means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What does the name Beethoven mean?
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Accordingly, if in 'the discussion of Beethoven's works, with which we close this article, we dwell rather more on the pianoforte sonatas than on his greater works, it is not only because they are more easily referred to by the general reader, but because they are actually a key to his intellectual development, such as is afforded neither by his life nor by the great works which are themselves the crowning mystery and wonder of musical art.^ Accordingly, if in 'the discussion of Beethoven's works, with which we close this article, we dwell rather more on the pianoforte sonatas than on his greater works, it is not only because they are more easily referred to by the general reader, but because they are actually a key to his intellectual development, such as is afforded neither by his life nor by the great works which are themselves the crowning mystery and wonder of musical art.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Looking at Beethoven's life, we see more misery than anything.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ After his time in Heiligenstadt, Beethoven's music became more profound and greater than ever.

.Deafness causes inconvenience in conversation long before it is noticeable in music, and in 1806 Beethoven could still conduct his opera Fidelio and be much annoyed at the inattention to his nuances; and his last appearance as a player was not until 1814, when he made a great impression with his B flat trio, op. 97. At the end of November 1822 an attempt to conduct proved disastrous.^ Piano Trio Op 97 / Piano Trio 1 Op 63 .

^ What can we learn from Beethoven, his music and his deafness?

^ BEETHOVEN: Piano Trios in E flat major .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.The touching incident in 1824 has been described, but up to the last Beethoven seems to have found or imagined that ear-trumpets (of which a collection is now preserved at Bonn) were of use to him in playing to himself, though his friends were often pained when the pianoforte was badly out of tune, and were overcome when Beethoven in soft passages did not make the notes sound at all.^ What Beethoven song did Schroeder play?
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven did not make an impression on his audience.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ But Beethoven did not get on well with him, and found him perfunctory in correcting his exercises.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The instrument sent him by Broadwood in1817-1818gave him great pleasure and he answered it with a characteristically cordial and quaint letter in the best of bad French.^ The instrument sent him by Broadwood in 1817-18 gave him great pleasure and he answered it with a characteristically cordial and quaint letter in the best of bad French.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The instrument sent him by Broadwood in1817-1818gave him great pleasure and he answered it with a characteristically cordial and quaint letter in the best of bad French.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, he appreciated the precious gift, ordered by some of his best Viennese friends and sent to him by the London manufacturers.
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His fame in England was often a source of great comfort to him, especially in his last illness, when the London Philharmonic Society, for which the 9th symphony was written and a 10th symphony projected, sent him ioo in advance of the proceeds of a benefit concert which he had begged them to give, being in very straitened circumstances, as he would make no use of the money he had deposited in the bank for his nephew.^ His fame in England was often a source of great comfort to him, especially in his last illness, when the London Philharmonic Society, for which the 9th symphony was written and a 10th symphony projected, sent him ioo in advance of the proceeds of a benefit concert which he had begged them to give, being in very straitened circumstances, as he would make no use of the money he had deposited in the bank for his nephew.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Philharmonic society in London send 100.

^ Interestingly, though all of the symphonies are often performed today, the odd numbers (3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th) are the more popular ones.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

.This nephew was the cause of most of his anxiety and distress in the last twelve years of his life.^ This nephew was the cause of most of his anxiety and distress in the last twelve years of his life.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The last five string quartets and the Grosse Fuge (also for quartet), composed in his last years, are considered by many music lovers to be Beethoven's supreme creations, and by some the most sublime music ever composed.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]
  • December 16 Birthdays: Ludwig van Beethoven — Infoplease.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ His personal life was marked by a heroic struggle against encroaching deafness, and some of his most important works were composed during the last 10 years of his life when he was quite unable to hear.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.safran-arts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His brother, Kaspar Karl, had often given him trouble; for example, by obtaining and publishing some of Beethoven's early indiscretions, such as the trio-variations, op. 44, the sonatas, op. 49, and other trifles, of which the late opus number is thus explained.^ L. van Beethoven: Sonata Op.13 .
  • Beethoven: Sonata Op.13 Pathetique sheet music for piano 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.virtualsheetmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Example 19: Beethoven, Sonata Op.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why is Beethoven's early Octet for wind given the opus number 103?
  • Repertoire > Composers > Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.timreynish.com [Source type: General]

.In 1815, after Beethoven had quarrelled with his oldest friend, Stephan Breuning, for warning him against trusting his brother in money matters, Kaspar died, leaving a widow of whom Beethoven strongly disapproved, and a son, nine years old, for the guardianship of whom Beethoven fought the widow through all the law courts.^ On November 15th 1815, Kaspar Karl, Beethoven's brother, died.
  • Biography: Beethoven's life - Ludwig van Beethoven's website - Dominique PRÉVOT 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lvbeethoven.com [Source type: General]

^ Thirteen-year-old Beethoven .

^ Beethoven's life was in major upheval in 1815 when his brother, Casper Anton Carl, died and left Beethoven as joint guardian (with his widow) over his nine-year old son, Karl.
  • LudwigFan.com - The Ludwig van Beethoven Educational Fanpage 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.ludwigfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The boy turned out utterly unworthy of his uncle's persistent devotion, and gave him every cause for anxiety.^ The boy turned out utterly unworthy of his uncle's persistent devotion, and gave him every cause for anxiety.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The boy rebelled against him and caused him a lot of grief.

^ Every lodging turned out worse than its predecessor.

.He failed in all his examinations, including an attempt to learn some trade in the polytechnic school, whereupon he fell into the hands of the police for attempting suicide, and, after being expelled from Vienna, joined the army.^ He failed in all his examinations, including an attempt to learn some trade in the polytechnic school, whereupon he fell into the hands of the police for attempting suicide, and, after being expelled from Vienna, joined the army.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He failed in all his examinations , including an attempt to learn some trade in the polytechnic school, whereupon he fell into the hands of the police for attempting suicide , and, after being expelled from Vienna, joined the army.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He even failed to do this properly, and was arrested by the police as an attempted suicide.
  • Classical Net - Basic Repertoire List - Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical.net [Source type: General]

.Beethoven's utterly simple nature could neither educate nor understand a human being who was not possessed by the wish to do his best.^ Beethoven's utterly simple nature could neither educate nor understand a human being who was not possessed by the wish to do his best.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Beethoven's time, lead was used widely without an understanding of the damage it could cause.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ In Beethoven's era, lead was used widely without true understanding of the damage it could lead to: in sweetening wine, finishes on porcelain, and even medicine.

.His nature was passionately affectionate, and he had suffered all his life from the want of a natural outlet for it.^ His nature was passionately affectionate, and he had suffered all his life from the want of a natural outlet for it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The illness complicated other health problems from which Beethoven had suffered all his life.
  • Biography: Beethoven's life - Ludwig van Beethoven's website - Dominique PRÉVOT 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.lvbeethoven.com [Source type: General]

^ His life of solitude helped foster the independence of his nature, and kept his mind clear and free from all the idle gossip of the rabble.
  • Little Journeys Vol. 14: Great Musicians by Elbert Hubbard: Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: Original source]

.He had often been deeply in love and made no secret of it; but Robert Browning had not a more intense dislike of "the artistic temperament" in morals, and though Beethoven's attachments were almost all hopelessly above him in rank, there is not one that was not honourable and respected by society as showing the truthfulness and self-control of a great man.^ He had often been deeply in love and made no secret of it; but Robert Browning had not a more intense dislike of "the artistic temperament" in morals, and though Beethoven's attachments were almost all hopelessly above him in rank, there is not one that was not honorable and respected by society as showing the truthfulness and self-control of a great man.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, almost all Beethoven's works are that of a deaf man.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pages.cs.wisc.edu [Source type: General]

^ There is no doubt that Beethoven’s unfortunate name had a great effect on him.
  • Fantastic Metropolis » Symphony no. 6 in C minor ‘The Tragic’ by Ludwig van Beethoven II 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.fantasticmetropolis.com [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven's orthodoxy in such matters has provoked the smiles of Philistines, especially when it showed itself in his objections to Mozart's Don Giovanni, and his grounds for selecting the subject of Fidelio for his own opera.^ Beethoven's orthodoxy in such matters has provoked the smiles of Philistines , especially when it showed itself in his objections to Mozart's Don Giovanni, and his grounds for selecting the subject of Fidelio for his own opera.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's orthodoxy in such matters has provoked the smiles of Philistines, especially when it showed itself in his objections to Mozart's Don Giovanni , and his grounds for selecting the subject of Fidelio for his own opera.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BIZET: Carmen / MOZART: Don Giovanni / BEETHOVEN: Fidelio (3 DVD box set) .
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.The last thing that Philistines will ever understand is that genius is far too independent of convention to abuse it; and Beethoven's life, with all its mistakes, its grotesqueness and its pathos, is as far beyond the shafts of Philistine wit as his art.^ The last thing that Philistines will ever understand is that genius is far too independent of convention to abuse it; and Beethoven's life, with all its mistakes, its grotesqueness and its pathos, is as far beyond the shafts of Philistine wit as his art.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the last decade of his life Beethoven had almost completely lost his hearing, and he was increasingly socially isolated.
  • Beethoven - MSN Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven - MSN Encarta 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC ca.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven never married; however, he was stormily in and out of love all his life, always with women unattainable because of marriage or station.
  • Beethoven Ludwig Van: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.At the beginning of 1827 Beethoven had projects for a 10th symphony, music to Goethe's Faust, and (under the stimulus of his newly acquired collection of Handel's works) any amount of choral music, compared to which all his previous compositions would have seemed but a prelude.^ Previous Registration: Musical composition preexisting.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven-egmont overture--the Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Ludwig VanB - song, music - Copyright Info 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ At the beginning of 1827 Beethoven had projects for a 10th symphony, music to Goethe's Faust , and (under the stimulus of his newly acquired collection of Handel's works) any amount of choral music, compared to which all his previous compositions would have seemed but a prelude.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His compositions marked all the styles he approached: symphonies, chamber music, choral works or the piano repertoire.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.analekta.com [Source type: General]

.But he was in bad health; his brother Johann, with whom he had been staying, had not allowed him a fire in his bedroom, and had sent him back to Vienna in an open chaise in vile weather; and the chill which resulted ended in a fatal illness.^ But he was in bad health; his brother Johann, with whom he had been staying, had not allowed him a fire in his bedroom, and had sent him back to Vienna in an open chaise in vile weather; and the chill which resulted ended in a fatal illness.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The instrument sent him by Broadwood in 1817-18 gave him great pleasure and he answered it with a characteristically cordial and quaint letter in the best of bad French.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He then added to it a complementary piece celebrating the accession of Joseph’s brother Leopold II. There is no record that either was ever performed until the end of the 19th century, when the manuscripts were rediscovered in Vienna and pronounced authentic by Johannes Brahms .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.Within a week of his death Beethoven was still full of his projects.^ Within a week of his death Beethoven was still full of his projects.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within weeks, perhaps days, of signing the will, Beethoven jotted down the first sketches of the Sinfonia Eroica.

^ It's a fact that Beethoven, always discontent and restless, very often moved, sometimes within a few weeks or months.
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Three days before the end he added a codicil to his will, and saw Schubert, whose music had aroused his keen interest, but was not able to speak to him, though he afterwards spoke of the Philharmonic Society and the English, almost his last words being "God bless them." On the 26th of March 1827, during a fierce thunderstorm, he died.

Beethoven's Music

.The division of Beethoven's work into three styles has become proverbial, and is based on obvious facts.^ The division of Beethoven's work into three styles has become proverbial, and is based on obvious facts.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven’s achievement - Three periods of work .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ On closer investigation, we find that this work actually already contains all of the elements of Beethovens late style, which are being tested for their possibilities of use.
  • Oehmsclassics: Korstick, Michael - Ludwig van Beethoven: Klaviersonate Nr. 15 op. 28 �Pastorale� / Sechs Variationen �ber ein eigenes Thema op. 34 / Eroica-Variationen op. 35 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.oehmsclassics.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The styles, however, are not rigidly separated, either in themselves or in chronology.^ The styles, however, are not rigidly separated, either in themselves or in chronology.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The styles, however, are not rigidly separated, either in themselves or in chronology .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nor can the popular description of Beethoven's first manner as "Mozartesque" be accepted as doing justice to a style which differs more radically from Mozart's than Mozart's differs from Haydn's.^ Beethoven won the first round in his rivalry with Haydn and Mozart .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chief composers of this style of music are Haydn, Mozart, and early Beethoven.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Nor can the popular description of Beethoven's first manner as "Mozartesque" be accepted as doing justice to a style which differs more radically from Mozart's than Mozart's differs from Haydn's.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The style of Beethoven's third period is no longer regarded as "showing an obscurity traceable to his deafness," but we have, perhaps, only recently outgrown the belief that his later treatment of form is revolutionary.^ Each period shows his different musical style.
  • Beethoven Piano Sonatas 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gate.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The style of Beethoven's third period is no longer regarded as "showing an obscurity traceable to his deafness," but we have, perhaps, only recently outgrown the belief that his later treatment of form is revolutionary.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Wurman no longer runs the show.
  • Church of Beethoven | Recent Press 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC beethoven.fatcow.com [Source type: General]

.The peculiar interest and difficulty in tracing Beethoven's artistic development is that the changes in the materials and range of his art were as great as those in the form, so that he appears in the light of a pioneer, while the art with which he started was nevertheless already a perfectly mature and highly organized thing.^ The peculiar interest and difficulty in tracing Beethoven's artistic development is that the changes in the materials and range of his art were as great as those in the form, so that he appears in the light of a pioneer , while the art with which he started was nevertheless already a perfectly mature and highly organized thing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The peculiar interest and difficulty in tracing Beethoven's artistic development is that the changes in the materials and range of his art were as great as those in the form, so that he appears in the light of a pioneer, while the art with which he started was nevertheless already a perfectly mature and highly organized thing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Michael Korsticks highly appraised Beethoven cycle, which is largely structured chronologically, enters a stage where Beethoven gave rise to the precognition of later developments of his works to come.
  • Oehmsclassics: Korstick, Michael - Ludwig van Beethoven: Klaviersonate Nr. 15 op. 28 �Pastorale� / Sechs Variationen �ber ein eigenes Thema op. 34 / Eroica-Variationen op. 35 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.oehmsclassics.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And he is perhaps unique among artists in this, that his power of constructing perfect works of art never deserted him while he revolutionized his means of expression.^ And he is perhaps unique among artists in this, that his power of constructing perfect works of art never deserted him while he revolutionized his means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And as a concluding phrase of his work he wrote: "He never did think much of us; perhaps we should leave him in peace" .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pages.cs.wisc.edu [Source type: General]

^ The event will feature one-of-a-kind-art at affordable prices; perfect gifts and unique stocking stuffers for last minute holiday shopping.
  • Friends of Beethoven Elementary School - An oasis of excellence! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC friendsofbeethoven.org [Source type: General]

.No doubt this is in a measure true of all the greatest artists, but it is seldom obvious.^ No doubt this is in a measure true of all the greatest artists, but it is seldom obvious.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The artists of the myspace.com -community have all power to make all things come true.
  • MySpace - Ludwig van Beethoven - 104 - Male - Vienna - myspace.com/iambeethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who is the Greatest Musical Artist or Group of All-Time?
  • Beethoven // Current 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.In mature art vital differences in works of similar form are generally more likely to be overlooked than to force themselves on the critic's attention.^ In mature art vital differences in works of similar form are generally more likely to be overlooked than to force themselves on the critic's attention.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He stopped performing at the piano if the audience chatted among themselves, or afforded him less than their full attention.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - THE ONLY ONE 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.mbbsoft.com [Source type: General]
  • I need 7 facts about Ludwig Van Beethoven? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Different works will show such striking external differences of form that a criticism which applies merely a priori or historic standards will be tempted by the fallacy that there is less form in a number of such markedly different works than in a number of works that have one scheme in common.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.And when they become so great as to make a new epoch it is generally at the cost of a period of experiment too heterogeneous and insecure for works of art to attain great permanent value.^ And when they become so great as to make a new epoch it is generally at the cost of a period of experiment too heterogeneous and insecure for works of art to attain great permanent value.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He stands at the end of an epoch in musical history, marking its climax, but his works at the same time have ushered in a new phase of progress, from which everything that is great in modern music has taken its rise.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Early period, he is seen as emulating his great predecessors Haydn and Mozart, while concurrently exploring new directions and gradually expanding the scope and ambition of his work.
  • WikiSlice 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC dev.laptop.org [Source type: General]

.But in Beethoven's case, as we have said, the process of development is so smooth that it is impossible to separate the periods clearly, although the ground covered is, as regards emotional range, at least as great as that between Bach and Mozart.^ But in Beethoven's case, as we have said, the process of development is so smooth that it is impossible to separate the periods clearly, although the ground covered is, as regards emotional range, at least as great as that between Bach and Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But in Beethoven's case, as we have said, the process of development is so smooth that it is impossible to separate the periods clearly, although the ground covered is, as regards emotional range, at least as great as that between Bach and Mozart .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite this, it was clearly an important work to him -- to prepare himself, Beethoven plunged himself into careful study of the sacred masterworks of Palestrina and Johann Sebastian Bach, Handel's Messiah and Mozart's Requiem , and the work is rivaled only by his opera Fidelio for the sheer difficulty of its gestation period.
  • Notes on Ludwig van Beethoven: Missa Solemnis in D, Op. 123 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC members.macconnect.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Notes on Ludwig van Beethoven: Missa Solemnis in D, Op. 123 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC mc01.equinox.net [Source type: Original source]

.No artist has ever left more authoritative documentary evidence as to the steps of his development than Beethoven.^ No artist has ever left more authoritative documentary evidence as to the steps of his development than Beethoven.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven himself seems to have considered the 16th December of the said year his birthday, but documentary evidence is wanting.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven achieved his fame and fortune more through composing than through playing, this might be due in part to him losing his hearing when he was in his twenties.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

.In boyhood he seems to have acquired the habit of noting down all his musical ideas exactly as they first struck him.^ In boyhood he seems to have acquired the habit of noting down all his musical ideas exactly as they first struck him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Musical structures seem to be structures of notes.
  • Greg Sandow -- Beethoven Howls 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ His well- documented walks in the country, during which so many musical ideas came to him, could easily have been made in the gorgeous mountains surrounding the village.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is easy to see why in later years he referred to this as a "bad habit," for it must often take longer to jot down a crude idea than to reject it; and by the time the habit was formed Beethoven's powers of self-criticism were unparalleled, and he must often have felt hampered by the habit of writing down what he knew to be too crude to be even an aid to memory.^ It is easy to see why in later years he referred to this as a "bad habit", for it must often take longer to jot down a crude idea than to reject it; and by the time the habit was formed Beethoven's powers of self-criticism were unparalleled, and he must often have felt hampered by the habit of writing down what he knew to be too crude to be even an aid to memory.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven had acquired the habit of recording them, and thereby he has, perhaps, misled some critics into over-emphasizing the contrast between his "tentative" self-critical methods and the quasi-extempore outpourings of Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The painting of Beethoven as a 13-year-old shows light-brown hair, but often such hair will darken upon growing older (and later on will lighten again due to old age).
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such first intuitions, if not written down, would no doubt be forgotten; but the poetic mood, the Stimmung, they attempt to indicate, would remain until a better expression was forthcoming.^ No doubt this was only one of his moods.
  • Dmitri Tymoczko: The Sublime Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC bostonreview.net [Source type: General]

^ Such first intuitions, if not written down, would no doubt be forgotten; but the poetic mood, the Stimmung , they attempt to indicate, would remain until a better expression was forthcoming.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then they found their way into the Royal Library at Berlin, where they remained until Emperor William II. presented them to the Bonn collection.

.Beethoven had acquired the habit of recording them, and thereby he has, perhaps, misled some critics into over-emphasizing the contrast between his "tentative" self-critical methods and the quasiextempore outpourings of Mozart.^ Beethoven had acquired the habit of recording them, and thereby he has, perhaps, misled some critics into over-emphasizing the contrast between his "tentative" self-critical methods and the quasi-extempore outpourings of Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An abridged version of this piece brought Beethoven's work back into the public eye in the mid-20th century after it was recorded for the A Clockwork Orange film soundtrack.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast to Mozart, he labored visibly over his work, leaving intermediate drafts that provide considerable insight into his creative process.
  • •• Biography of Ludwig van Beethoven - PianoParadise •• 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.pianoparadise.com [Source type: Original source]

.This contrast is probably not very radical; indeed, we may doubt whether in every thoughtful mind any apparently sudden inspiration is not preceded by some anticipatory mood in which the idea was sought and its first faint indications tested and rejected so instantaneously as to leave no impression on the memory.^ Indeed this is one of the very first show some modest ever written.
  • Beethoven video and audio on entertainment brought to you by Boston.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ These are truly radical ideas indeed.
  • Beethoven Symphonies - Paul Kim, Piano 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.centaurrecords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This contrast is probably not very radical; indeed, we may doubt whether in every thoughtful mind any apparently sudden inspiration is not preceded by some anticipatory mood in which the idea was sought and its first faint indications tested and rejected so instantaneously as to leave no impression on the memory.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The number and triviality of Beethoven's preliminary sketches should not, then, be taken as evidence of a timid or vacillating spirit.^ The number and triviality of Beethoven's preliminary sketches should not, then, be taken as evidence of a timid or vacillating spirit.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.But if we regard his sketches as his diary their significance becomes inestimable.^ But if we regard his sketches as his diary their significance becomes inestimable.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.They cover every period of Beethoven's career, and represent every stage of nearly all his important works, as well as of innumerable trifles, including ideas that did not survive to be worked out.^ Note well: This is how Beethoven works.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven & the Eroica Symphony 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They cover every period of Beethoven's career, and represent every stage of nearly all his important works, as well as of innumerable trifles, including ideas that did not survive to be worked out.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven’s achievement - Three periods of work .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.And the type of self-criticism is the same from beginning to end.^ Beethoven shows his connection to type One in his idealism, his self-criticism, and in the balance of his compositions.
  • Beethoven's Personality and Music: Introverted Romantic 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.wagele.com [Source type: General]

.There is no tendency in the middle or last period, any more than in the first, to "subordinate form to expression," nor do the sketches of the first period show any lack of attention to elements that seem more characteristic of the third.^ There are in these flashes , but no more.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no tendency in the middle or last period, any more than in the first, to "subordinate form to expression," nor do the sketches of the first period show any lack of attention to elements that seem more characteristic of the third.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Late-period works are greatly admired for their characteristic intellectual depth, their intense and highly personal expression, and experimentation with forms (for example, the Quartet in C Sharp Minor has seven linked movements, and his Ninth Symphony adds choral forces to the orchestra in the last movement).
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.The difference between Beethoven's three styles appears first in its full proportions when we realize this complete continuity of his method and art.^ The difference between Beethoven's three styles appears first in its full proportions when we realize this complete continuity of his method and art.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven first appeared as a performer at what age?
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Musical Style and Innovations Beethoven is viewed as a transitional figure between the Classical and Romantic eras of musical history.
  • •• Biography of Ludwig van Beethoven - PianoParadise •• 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.pianoparadise.com [Source type: Original source]

.We have ventured to cast doubts upon the Mozartesque character of his early style, because that is chiefly a question of perspective.^ We have ventured to cast doubts upon the Mozartesque character of his early style, because that is chiefly a question of perspective.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have ventured to cast doubts upon the Mozartesque character of his early style, because that is chiefly a question of perspective .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The elder Beethoven failed miserably, chiefly because of Ludwig's inability to master even the basics of playing the didgeridoo , or doing the splits James Brown-style.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While he was handling a range of ideas not, in a modern view, glaringly different from Mozart's, he had no reason to use a glaringly different language.^ While he was handling a range of ideas not, in a modern view, glaringly different from Mozart's, he had no reason to use a glaringly different language.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (I see no reason to apologize for the fact that I might enjoy Beethoven's 5th differently than his contemporaries would have.
  • Repeating Beethoven - Sandow 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Florestan's aria) simply could not stand comparison with Mozart 's operas in his view; but describes enthusiastically the Leonore Overture "No.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

.His contemporaries, however, found it more difficult to see the resemblance; and, though their criticism was often violently hostile, they saw with prejudice a daring originality which we may as well learn to appreciate with study.^ His contemporaries, however, found it more difficult to see the resemblance; and, though their criticism was often violently hostile, they saw with prejudice a daring originality which we may as well learn to appreciate with study.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Interestingly, though all of the symphonies are often performed today, the odd numbers (3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th) are the more popular ones.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Humorous though it may be, the passage referred to makes bold use of harmony and it did not sit well with listers of that time.

.Beethoven himself in later years partly affected and partly felt a lack of sympathy with his own early style.^ Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven himself in later years partly affected and partly felt a lack of sympathy with his own early style.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a striking resemblance between the two in the choral parts, and Beethoven himself describes the symphony as being "in the style of the Pianoforte Choral Fantasie, but on a far larger scale."
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But he had other things to do than to criticize it.^ But he had other things to do than to criticize it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Modern prejudice has not his excuse, and the neglect of Beethoven's early works is no less than the neglect of the key to the understanding of his later.^ Modern prejudice has not his excuse, and the neglect of Beethoven's early works is no less than the neglect of the key to the understanding of his later.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A public and forbidden private worlds, these works are the heirs less of Borodin and Tchaikovsky than of Beethoven 's troubled final essays in the genre.
  • Beethoven Wire - Topix 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven: A Look Behind the Notes As a pianist, teacher, adjudicator, examiner, critic and author, I am often presented with performances of Beethoven's works that offer no insight or understanding of Beethoven the man or his music!
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is also the neglect of a mass of mature art that already places Beethoven on the same plane as Mozart, and contains perhaps the only traces in all his work of a real struggle between the forces of progress and those of construction.^ Contains all of his works in midi format.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is also the neglect of a mass of mature art that already places Beethoven on the same plane as Mozart, and contains perhaps the only traces in all his work of a real struggle between the forces of progress and those of construction.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven had acquired the habit of recording them, and thereby he has, perhaps, misled some critics into over-emphasizing the contrast between his "tentative" self-critical methods and the quasi-extempore outpourings of Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.We will therefore give special attention to this subject here.^ We will therefore give special attention to this subject here.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The truth is that there are several styles in Beethoven's first period, in the centre of which, "proving all things," is the true and mature Beethoven, however wider may be the scope of his later maturity.^ The truth is that there are several styles in Beethoven's first period, in the centre of which, "proving all things," is the true and mature Beethoven, however wider may be the scope of his later maturity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The truth is that there are several styles in Beethoven's first period, in the center of which, "proving all things", is the true and mature Beethoven, however wider may be the scope of his later maturity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments , where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.And he did not, as is often alleged, fail to show early promise.^ And he did not, as is often alleged, fail to show early promise.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The pianoforte quartets he wrote at the age of fifteen are, no doubt, clumsy and childish in execution to a degree that contrasts remarkably with the works of Mozart's, Mendelssohn's or Schubert's boyhood; yet they contain material actually used in the sonatas, op. 2, No.^ The pianoforte quartets he wrote at the age of fifteen are, no doubt, clumsy and childish in execution to a degree that contrasts remarkably with the works of Mozart's, Mendelssohn's or Schubert's boyhood; yet they contain material actually used in the sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Schubert: Sonata in A minor, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Quartet No.16 in F, Op.135 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

i, and op. 2, No. 3. And. the passage in op. 2, No. .3, is that immediately after the first subject, where, as Beethoven then states it, it embodies one of his most epoch-making discoveries, namely, the art of organizing a long series of apparently free modulations by means of a systematic progression in the bass.^ Beethoven then states it, it embodies one of his most epoch-making discoveries, namely, the art of organizing a long series of apparently free modulations by means of a systematic progression in the bass.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven then states it, it embodies one of his most epoch-making discoveries, namely, the art of organizing a long series of apparently free modulations by means of a systematic progression in the bass .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What was Beethoven's first name?
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

.In the childish quartet the principle is only dimly felt, but it is nevertheless there as a subconscious source of inspiration; and it afterwards gives inevitable dramatic truth to such passages as the climax of the development in the sonata, op.^ Sonata and the 'beklemmt' passage in the Cavatina of the Op.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the childish quartet the principle is only dimly felt, but it is nevertheless there as a subconscious source of inspiration; and it afterwards gives inevitable dramatic truth to such passages as the climax of the development in the sonata , op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the childish quartet the principle is only dimly felt, but it is nevertheless there as a subconscious source of inspiration; and it afterwards gives inevitable dramatic truth to such passages as the climax of the development in the sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.57
(commonly called Appassionata), and throughout the chaos of the mysterious introduction to the C major string-quartet, op.^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ F major quartet, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ String Quartet in F major, Op.59, No.

59, No. 3, prepares us for the world of loveliness that arises from it.
.Although with Beethoven the desire to express new thoughts was thus invariably both stimulated and satisfied by the discovery of the necessary new means of expression, he felt deeply the danger of spoiling great ideas by inadequate execution; and his first work in a new form or medium is, even if as late as the Mass in C, op. 89, almost always unambitious.^ Although with Beethoven the desire to express new thoughts was thus invariably both stimulated and satisfied by the discovery of the necessary new means of expression, he felt deeply the danger of spoiling great ideas by inadequate execution; and his first work in a new form or medium is, even if as late as the Mass in C, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In dispute even now is the identity of The Immortal Beloved, though Maynard Solomon makes an excellent case for her in his book, Beethoven (Schirmer, New York, 1977).
  • The Beethoven Mystique 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.art-bin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the compositions of the first period have Beethoven's unmistakable breadth and vitality, they are dominated by the tradition of Haydn and Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

.His teachers had found him sceptical of authority, and never convinced of the practical convenience of a rule until he had too successfully courted disaster.^ His teachers had found him sceptical of authority, and never convinced of the practical convenience of a rule until he had too successfully courted disaster.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His teachers had found him skeptical of authority, and never convinced of the practical convenience of a rule until he had too successfully courted disaster.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes when his father came home late after becoming drunk, he would awaken Ludwig and make him practice until morning.

.But he appreciated the experience, though he may have found it expensive, and traces of crudeness in such early works as he did not disown are as rare as plagiarisms.^ But he appreciated the experience, though he may have found it expensive, and traces of crudeness in such early works as he did not disown are as rare as plagiarisms.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This abruptness is, however, in a few of Beethoven's early works carried appreciably too far.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Early sketches for the Fifth Symphony , for instance, date originally from 1804, although the finished work did not appear until 1808.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.safran-arts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first three pianoforte sonatas, op. 2, show the different elements in Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.^ Example 19: Beethoven, Sonata Op.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The last three sonatas, op.
  • Beethoven Piano Sonatas 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gate.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each period shows his different musical style.
  • Beethoven Piano Sonatas 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.gate.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sir Hubert Parry has aptly compared the opening of the sonata, op. 2, No.^ Sir Hubert Parry has aptly compared the opening of the sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Rondo (Allegro moderato) 1075 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.1, with that of the finale of Mozart's G minor symphony, to show how much closer Beethoven's texture is.^ Mozart's G minor symphony, to show how much closer Beethoven's texture is.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The final piece of the concert is Beethoven's much neglected 4th symphony.
  • ACO - ACO | 2009 Performances | Beethoven 4 | Reviews 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.aco.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's 9th Symphony is in the key of D minor.
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.The slow movement well illustrates the rare cases in which Beethoven imitates Mozart to the detriment of his own proper richness of tone and thought, while the finale in its central episode brings a misapplied and somewhat diffuse structure in Mozart's style into direct conflict with themes as "Beethovenish" in their terseness as in their sombre passion.^ The slow movement well illustrates the rare cases in which Beethoven imitates Mozart to the detriment of his own proper richness of tone and thought, while the finale in its central episode brings a misapplied and somewhat diffuse structure in Mozart's style into direct conflict with themes as "Beethovenish" in their terseness as in their sombre passion.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was thought Beethoven would become another Mozart, yet while his talent and genius was evident, he did not rise to fame in his youth as had Mozart.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ In the first movement of the concerto he has examined what is "natural" versus what is "unnatural" and come up with some very interesting alternatives: Example 9 - Szigeti, "Natural" versus "Unnatural" Szigeti devotes several pages to the conflicting schools of thought regarding the articulation of the Rondo theme.
  • Beethoven Violin Concerto - BestStudentViolins.com 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC beststudentviolins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second sonata is flawless in execution, and entirely beyond the range of Haydn and Mozart in harmonic and dramatic thought, except in the finale.^ Beethoven adopted the principles of sonata form and motivic development that he inherited from Haydn and Mozart, and he greatly extended them, writing longer and more ambitious movements.
  • I need 7 facts about Ludwig Van Beethoven? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The first and second movements were actually written after the third movement Finale, which originally served as the last movement of his Violin Sonata in A Op.30.

^ Although during the eighteenth century the cello had gradually come to be regarded as a solo as well as an accompanying instrument, neither Mozart nor Haydn had composed a cello sonata.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And it is just in the adoption of the luxurious Mozartesque rondo form as the crown of this work that Beethoven shows his true independence.^ And it is just in the adoption of the luxurious Mozartesque rondo form as the crown of this work that Beethoven shows his true independence.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Our first piece of violence -- not a a major opus thirty number one was composed just form months before Beethoven that the highly inched -- testament.
  • Beethoven video and audio on entertainment brought to you by Boston.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's catalogue includes just over 200 published/unpublished works (often including groups of songs as one piece).
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.He adopts the form, not because it is Mozart's, but because it is right and because he can master it.^ He adopts the form, not because it is Mozart's, but because it is right and because he can master it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven adopted the principles of sonata form and motivic development that he inherited from Haydn and Mozart, and he greatly extended them, writing longer and more ambitious movements.
  • I need 7 facts about Ludwig Van Beethoven? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The opening of the second subject in the first movement is a wonderful application of the harmonic principle already mentioned in connexion with the early piano.^ The opening of the second subject in the first movement is a wonderful application of the harmonic principle already mentioned in connexion with the early piano.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Its first movement, already cited above in connexion with the dramatic sequences in op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Another feature that recalls the Third Concerto is that the theme of the slow movement is again a disguised version of the second subject of the first movement - that march theme is now transformed into a serene, hymn-like melody.
  • Linn Records - Beethoven Piano Concertos 3, 4 & 5 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.linnrecords.com [Source type: General]

artets. .In all music nothing equally dramatic can be found before the D minor sonata, op. 31, No.^ In the sonata in C minor, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Allegretto 788 - Piano Sonata No.17 in D minor, Op.31 No.2 -Tempest: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Schubert: Sonata in A minor, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.2, which is rightly regarded as marking the beginning of Beethoven's second period.^ Beethoven's second period.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's final period coincides with his complete loss of hearing (1817) and is marked by works of even greater length and complexity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Widely regarded as the greatest composer who ever lived, Ludwig van Beethoven dominates a period of musical history as no one else before or since.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The slow movement, like those of op. 7 and a few other early works, shows a thrilling solemnity that immediately proves the identity of the pupil of Haydn with the creator of the 9th symphony.^ The slow movement, like those of op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other works from this period: very few.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 9th symphony, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The little scherzo no less clearly foreshadows the new era in music by the fact that in so small and light a movement a modulation from A to G sharp minor can occur too naturally to excite surprise.^ The coda concludes the movement by modulation to B-minor.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The little scherzo no less clearly foreshadows the new era in music by the fact that in so small and light a movement a modulation from A to G sharp minor can occur too naturally to excite surprise.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Shakespeare of the realm of music, as he has been called, first saw the light on December 16, 1770, in the little University town of Bonn, on the Rhine.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.mp3berg.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.danielmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

.If the later work of Beethoven were unknown there would be very little evidence that this sonata was by a young man, except, perhaps, in the remarkable abruptness of style in the first movement, an abruptness which is characteristic, not of immaturity, but of art in which problems are successfully solved for the first time.^ In the first movement of Sonata Opus 2 #2 Beethoven clowns around.
  • Beethoven's Personality and Music: Introverted Romantic 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC www.wagele.com [Source type: General]

^ There is little documentary evidence about young Ludwig’s childhood.

^ The first movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig Van - Moonlight Sonata (1st mvt) sheet music - 8notes.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.8notes.com [Source type: General]

.This abruptness is, however, in a few of Beethoven's early works carried appreciably too far.^ This abruptness is, however, in a few of Beethoven's early works carried appreciably too far.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The works of Mozart and Beethoven , for instance, have achieved global appreciation over the past 200 years.
  • Beethoven Wire - Topix 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven composed this work in 1801, with the choreographer Salvatore Viganò (1769-1821), and he made the transcription a few months after.
  • CDs Beethoven - ABF - Association Beethoven France et Francophonie - Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.beethoven-france.org [Source type: General]

.In the sonata in C minor, op.^ In the sonata in C minor, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Schubert: Sonata in A minor, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Sonata in C minor, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

i
o, .No, s, for example, the more vigorous parts of the first movement lose in breadth from it, while the finale is almost stunted.^ No, s, for example, the more vigorous parts of the first movement lose in breadth from it, while the finale is almost stunted.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Was it this that the first movement’s final bars prophesised?
  • Classical Music Blog: Beethoven – ‘Moonlight’ Sonata 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC classicalmusicblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven achieved his fame and fortune more through composing than through playing, this might be due in part to him losing his hearing when he was in his twenties.
  • Beethoven - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

.But Beethoven was not content to express his individuality only in an abrupt epigrammatic style.^ But Beethoven was not content to express his individuality only in an abrupt epigrammatic style.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ J. S. Shedlock notes that Beethoven's words "only express the state of his feelings at certain times."
  • INS Scholarship 1998: The Eroica Riddle: Did Napoleon Remain Beethoven's "Hero?" 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.napoleon-series.org [Source type: General]

^ In the Funeral March of the Eroica, Beethoven expressed a personal experience, but only to the extent that the form could accomodate it.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From the outset breadth was also his aim, and while he occasionally attempted to attain a greater breadth than his resources would properly allow (as in the first movement of the sonata, op. 2, No.^ From the outset breadth was also his aim, and while he occasionally attempted to attain a greater breadth than his resources would properly allow (as in the first movement of the sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sonata Op 31 No 2 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Sheet Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatscores.com [Source type: General]

^ (An interesting comparison is the first movement of the Op.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.3, and that of the violoncello sonata, op. 5, No.^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Rondo (Allegro moderato) 1075 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ LISTENING GUIDE Sonata No.1 in F major, Op.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

i, in both of which cases a kind of extempore outburst in the .coda conceals the collapse of his peroration), there are many early works in which he shows neither abruptness of style nor any tendency to confine himself within the limits of previous art.^ Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments , where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a striking resemblance between the two in the choral parts, and Beethoven himself describes the symphony as being "in the style of the Pianoforte Choral Fantasie, but on a far larger scale."
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the later work of Beethoven were unknown there would be very little evidence that this sonata was by a young man, except, perhaps, in the remarkable abruptness of style in the first movement, an abruptness which is characteristic, not of immaturity, but of art in which problems are successfully solved for the first time.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The C minor trio, op. s, No.^ Allegro [Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67] Beethoven: 5.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven on Yahoo! Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC new.music.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven: Quartet for Strings no 4 in C minor, Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - InstantEncore 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.instantencore.com [Source type: General]

^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.3, is not more remarkable for the boldness of thought that made Haydn doubtful as to the advisability of publishing it, than for the perfect smoothness and spaciousness of its style.^ Haydn doubtful as to the advisability of publishing it, than for the perfect smoothness and spaciousness of its style.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact the relationship between the Allegro and the Adagio could be a sense of thought (Barford, 324), but it is much more than a romanticized sensation.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I proclaim the deficiency of a sense which ought to have been more perfect with me than with other men?

.These qualities Beethoven at first naturally found easier to retain with less dramatic material, as in the other trios in the same opus, but the C minor trio does not stand alone.^ These qualities Beethoven at first naturally found easier to retain with less dramatic material, as in the other trios in the same opus, but the C minor trio does not stand alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Itzhak Perlman begins to talk about one of Beethoven's violin works -- specifically the C minor sonata, Opus 30, No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Related Topics | National Post 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ A public and forbidden private worlds, these works are the heirs less of Borodin and Tchaikovsky than of Beethoven 's troubled final essays in the genre.
  • Beethoven Wire - Topix 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

.It represents, perhaps, the most numerous, as certainly the noblest, class of Beethoven's early works.^ It represents, perhaps, the most numerous, as certainly the noblest, class of Beethoven's early works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The third concert in the German ensemble's Beethoven cycle placed one of the early Op 18 sets alongside a middle-period work and one of the late quartets.
  • Beethoven Wire - Topix 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ Perhaps the only way to do so is with one of the most familiar, and certainly most accesible, of Beethovens works for piano, a Bagatelle, a short little piece, commonly known as "fur Elise": .
  • Daily Kos: 239 years ago today, Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: General]

.Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments, where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.^ Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments , where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments, where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is remarkable to note at which point every instrument, violin, viola and cello, takes its correct part, or that of the winds, and the tuttis are very rare.
  • CDs Beethoven - ABF - Association Beethoven France et Francophonie - Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.beethoven-france.org [Source type: General]

.Such works are the beautiful and popular septet, the quintet for pianoforte and wind instruments (modelled superficially, yet closely and with a kind of modest ambition, on Mozart's wonderful work for the same combination) and, on a somewhat higher level, the trio for pianoforte, clarinet and violoncello, op. ii.^ Trio for pfte., clarinet and violoncello in Bb,op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such works are the beautiful and popular septet, the quintet for pianoforte and wind instruments (modeled superficially, yet closely and with a kind of modest ambition, on Mozart's wonderful work for the same combination) and, on a somewhat higher level, the trio for pianoforte, clarinet and violoncello, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Quintet for winds, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.It is futile to discuss the point at which Beethoven's second manner may be said to begin, but he has himself given us excellent evidence as to when and how his first manner (as far as that is a single thing) became impossible to him.^ It is futile to discuss the point at which Beethoven's second manner may be said to begin, but he has himself given us excellent evidence as to when and how his first manner (as far as that is a single thing) became impossible to him.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, not Ludwig van Beethoven himself, but next Friday the first concert in the Slee Beethoven String Quartet Cycle begins the annual performance of all of Beethoven 's string quartets at the University at Buffalo.
  • Beethoven Wire - Topix 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ It is uncertain whether this was the First or Second, as documentary evidence is unclear, and both concertos were in a similar state of near-completion (neither was completed or published for several years).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.paralumun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Through quite a large number of works, beginning perhaps with the great string quintet, op. 29, new types of harmonic and emotional expression had been assimilated into a style at least intelligible from Mozart's point of view.^ String quintet in C, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Arrangement for string quintet, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mozart's point of view.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Indeed, Beethoven's favourite way of enlarging his range of expression often seems to consist in allowing the Titanic force of his new inventions and the formal beauty of the old art to indicate by their contrast a new world grander and lovelier than either.^ Indeed, Beethoven's favourite way of enlarging his range of expression often seems to consist in allowing the Titanic force of his new inventions and the formal beauty of the old art to indicate by their contrast a new world grander and lovelier than either.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue , not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven seems to have been a domineering guardian who often ignored Karl’s own ambitions.

.Sometimes, as in the C major quintet, the new elements are too perfectly assimilated for the contrast to appear.^ Sometimes, as in the C major quintet, the new elements are too perfectly assimilated for the contrast to appear.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Title appears in Document: Quintet in C major, D. 95 & 786 other titles.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven-egmont overture--the Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Ludwig VanB - song, music - Copyright Info 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

.The range of key and depth of thought is beyond that of Beethoven's first manner, but the smoothness is that of Mozart.^ The range of key and depth of thought is beyond that of Beethoven's first manner, but the smoothness is that of Mozart.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During his first visit to Vienna in 1787 Beethoven impressed Mozart with his improvisations at the keyboard.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music- Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the compositions of the first period have Beethoven's unmistakable breadth and vitality, they are dominated by the tradition of Haydn and Mozart.
  • Beethoven Ludwig Van: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.In the three pianoforte sonatas, op. 31, the struggle of the transition is as manifest as its accomplishment is triumphant.^ The first three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ D minor, and in the three Violin Sonatas of Op.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first movement of the first sonata (in G major) deals with widely separated keys on new principles.^ The first movement of the first sonata (in G major) deals with widely separated keys on new principles.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven adopted the principles of sonata form and motivic development that he inherited from Haydn and Mozart, and he greatly extended them, writing longer and more ambitious movements.
  • I need 7 facts about Ludwig Van Beethoven? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In his greatest sonata movements, such as the first allegro of the Eroica , the listener's subconscious mind remains oriented to E-flat major even in the most distant keys, so that when, long before the recapitulation, the music touches on the dominant (B-flat), this is immediately recognizable as being the dominant.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are embodied in a style which for abruptness and jocular paradox is hardly surpassed by Beethoven's most nervous early works.^ Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are embodied in a style which for abruptness and jocular paradox is hardly surpassed by Beethoven's most nervous early works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the intervening years, Beethoven composed a significant number of works (none were published at the time, and most are now listed as works without opus) that demonstrated a growing range and maturity of style.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The exceptionally ornate and dilatory slow movement reads almost like a protest; while the finale begins as if to show that humour should be beautiful, and ends by making fun of the beauty.^ The exceptionally ornate and dilatory slow movement reads almost like a protest; while the finale begins as if to show that humor should be beautiful, and ends by making fun of the beauty.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Incidentally, this figure also makes an appearance in the beautiful slow movement.

^ The exceptionally ornate and dilatory slow movement reads almost like a protest; while the finale begins as if to show that humour should be beautiful, and ends by making fun of the beauty.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The second sonata (in D minor) is the greatest work Beethoven had as yet written.^ The second sonata (in D minor) is the greatest work Beethoven had as yet written.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Sonata in D minor, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Hammerklavier sonata which is the German word for piano, but unlike other piano sonatas when musicians refer to the Hammerklavier they are referring to this work (Gordon, 184) even though Beethoven used the Hammerklavier title for all his works written after 1817 (Marston, 404).
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its first movement, already cited above in connexion with the dramatic sequences in op. 2, No.^ Its first movement, already cited above in connection with the dramatic sequences in op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (An interesting comparison is the first movement of the Op.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its first movement, already cited above in connexion with the dramatic sequences in op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.2, is, like that of the Sonata Appassionata, a locus classicus for such powerful means of expression.^ Sonata Appassionata, a locus classicus for such powerful means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sonata Appassionata , a locus classicus for such powerful means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And he is perhaps unique among artists in this, that his power of constructing perfect works of art never deserted him while he revolutionized his means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.And it is worth noting that the only sketch known of this movement is a sketch in which nothing but its sequential plan is indicated.^ And it is worth noting that the only sketch known of this movement is a sketch in which nothing but its sequential plan is indicated.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sheppard gives it its full worth, playing fluently in the first movement and delivering the perky little rondo finale there are only two movements with aplomb.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

^ In the first movement of this sonata not only does he employ compound time but also he often places the notes across the beat.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.In the third sonata Beethoven enjoys on a higher plane an experience he had often indulged in before, the attainment of smoothness and breadth by means of a delicately humorous calm which gives scope to the finer subtleties of his new thoughts.^ In the third sonata Beethoven enjoys on a higher plane an experience he had often indulged in before, the attainment of smoothness and breadth by means of a delicately humorous calm which gives scope to the finer subtleties of his new thoughts.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Donald Tovey, in the preface to his edition of the Sonatas, gives F to F as the compass of Beethoven’s early pianos, while Derek Melville asserts that it extended a tone higher, to the third G above middle C. See "Beethoven’s Pianos," in The Beethoven Reader , edited by Denis Arnold and Nigel Fortune (New York: Norton, 1971).
  • Dmitri Tymoczko: The Sublime Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC bostonreview.net [Source type: General]

^ The composer appreciated the extended keyboard and the structural strength of his new instrument and materialized on it in 1804 the music thoughts, which haunted him before Eroica Symphony, in piano Sonatas op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beethoven himself wrote to his publisher that these three sonatas represented a new phase in his style; but when we realize his artistic conscientiousness it is not surprising that they should be contemporary with larger works like the 2nd symphony, which are far more characteristic of his first manner.^ What are the nine symphonies that Beethoven wrote?
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven himself wrote to his publisher that these three sonatas represented a new phase in his style; but when we realize his artistic conscientiousness it is not surprising that they should be contemporary with larger works like the 2nd symphony, which are far more characteristic of his first manner.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, Beethoven had published only the first ten of his sonatas by 1800.

.His whole development is entirely ruled by his determination to let nothing pass until it has been completely mastered, and long before this his sketch-books show that he had many ambitious ideas for a ist symphony, and that it was a deliberate process that made his ambitions dwindle into something that could be safely realized in the masterly little comedy with which he began his orchestral career.^ His whole development is entirely ruled by his determination to let nothing pass until it has been completely mastered, and long before this his sketchbooks show that he had many ambitious ideas for a 1st symphony, and that it was a deliberate process that made his ambitions dwindle into something that could be safely realized in the masterly little comedy with which he began his orchestral career.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His whole development is entirely ruled by his determination to let nothing pass until it has been completely mastered, and long before this his sketch-books show that he had many ambitious ideas for a ist symphony, and that it was a deliberate process that made his ambitions dwindle into something that could be safely realized in the masterly little comedy with which he began his orchestral career.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He had already made several sketches for a symphony but this was the first completed version.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The easy breadth and power of the 2nd symphony represents an amply sufficient advance, and leaves his forces free to develop in less expensive forms those vast energies for which afterwards the orchestra and the string-quartet were to become the natural field.^ The easy breadth and power of the 2nd symphony represents an amply sufficient advance, and leaves his forces free to develop in less expensive forms those vast energies for which afterwards the orchestra and the string-quartet were to become the natural field.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, apart from the First Symphony (1866–68), which cost him a great deal of effort, and String Quartet No.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philharmonic Society of London offered a commission for a symphony, and Prince Nikolay Golitsin of St. Petersburg offered to pay Beethoven's price for three string quartets.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the "Waldstein" sonata, op.^ Rondo (Allegretto moderato - Prestissimo) 818 - Piano Sonata No.21 in C, Op.53 -Waldstein: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ In the "Waldstein" sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Waldstein" sonata for pfte., op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.53, we see Beethoven's second manner literally displacing his first; that is to say, we reach a state of things at which the two can no longer form an artistic contrast.^ Beethoven's second manner literally displacing his first; that is to say, we reach a state of things at which the two can no longer form an artistic contrast.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Just when you thought you'd heard it all, along comes a new Beethoven symphony disc that proves once again that there's no such thing...continue...
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ The peculiar interest and difficulty in tracing Beethoven's artistic development is that the changes in the materials and range of his art were as great as those in the form, so that he appears in the light of a pioneer , while the art with which he started was nevertheless already a perfectly mature and highly organized thing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The work, as we know it, is not only perfect, but has all the qualities of art in which the newest elements have long been familiar.^ The work, as we know it, is not only perfect, but has all the qualities of art in which the newest elements have long been familiar.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's only not that they planted explosives in the towers and all that, it's the result of a long history of geopolitical games and economic interests in which politicians are all entangled, and criminal negligence which led to that.
  • Universal recycles Lenny again! - rec.music.classical.recordings | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven's music will be understood to all time, while that of his predecessors will, for the most part, only remain intelligible to us through the medium of reflection on the history of Art.
  • Little Journeys Vol. 14: Great Musicians by Elbert Hubbard: Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: Original source]

.The opening is on the same harmonic train of thought as that of the sonata, op. 31, No.^ The opening is on the same harmonic train of thought as that of the sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sonata Op 31 No 2 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Sheet Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatscores.com [Source type: General]

^ Sonata no.17 in D minor Op.31 No.2 "The Tempest" Sometimes referred to as "The Tempest", this piano sonata was composed in 1802, at the same time Beethoven wrote the Heiligenstadt Testament.
  • Sonatas - Ludwig van Beethoven - Piano Society 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: Academic]

i, but there is no longer the slightest need for a paradoxical or jocular manner. .On the contrary, the harmonies are held together by an orderly sequence in the bass, and the onrush is that of some calm diurnal energy of nature.^ On the contrary, the harmonies are held together by an orderly sequence in the bass, and the onrush is that of some calm diurnal energy of nature.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The short introduction to the finale is harmonically and emotionally the most profound thins in the sonata, while the finale itself uses every new resource in the triumphant attainment of a leisure more splendid than any conceivable in the most spacious of Mozart's rondos.^ The short introduction to the finale is harmonically and emotionally the most profound thins in the sonata, while the finale itself uses every new resource in the triumphant attainment of a leisure more splendid than any conceivable in the most spacious of Mozart's rondos.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The short introduction to the finale is harmonically and emotionally the most profound thing in the sonata, while the finale itself uses every new resource in the triumphant attainment of a leisure more splendid than any conceivable in the most spacious of Mozart's rondos.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It became clear that sonata form on such an epic scale demanded a coda of unusual proportions, with room enough to recall the 'new theme' before carrying the first subject home as a triumphant round in its most fundamental form.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet it is well known that Beethoven originally intended the beautiful andante in F, afterwards published separately, to be the slow movement of this sonata.^ Yet it is well known that Beethoven originally intended the beautiful andante in F, afterwards published separately, to be the slow movement of this sonata.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven adopted the principles of sonata form and motivic development that he inherited from Haydn and Mozart, and he greatly extended them, writing longer and more ambitious movements.
  • I need 7 facts about Ludwig Van Beethoven? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It seems that Beethoven did not intend to publish them and it was his brother, Carl, who arranged for publication, without Beethovens prior knowledge or consent, in 1803.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.That andante is, like the finale, a spacious and gorgeous rondo, which probably Beethoven himself could not have written at an earlier period.^ That andante is, like the finale, a spacious and gorgeous rondo, which probably Beethoven himself could not have written at an earlier period.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Compositions By the 19th cent., Beethoven's work could already be divided into three fairly distinct periods.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ However, I will point out two details: 1) In Beethoven I like the middle period, occasionally the first, but at bottom I hate the final period, especially the last quartets.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

.The modulation to D flat in its principal theme, and that to G flat near the end, are its chief harmonic effects and stand out in beautiful relief within its limits.^ The modulation to D flat in its principal theme, and that to G flat near the end, are its chief harmonic effects and stand out in beautiful relief within its limits.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The common chordal formation of the duple time interjection near the end suggests something more massive, and the little coda figure, E flat, E natural, F , comes from the opening theme of the Symphony.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Usually in most development sections the principal themes of the exposition are developed with modulations to lead back to the tonic.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the first movement of the Waldstein sonata they would be flat and colourless.^ After the first movement of the Waldstein sonata they would be fiat and colorless.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the first movement of the Waldstein sonata they would be flat and colourless.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first movement was written in sonata-allegro form.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The sketch-books show that Beethoven, when he first planned the sonata, was by no means inattentive to the balance of harmonic colour in the whole scheme, but that at first he did not realize how far that scheme was going to carry him.^ Did Beethoven and Mozart meet and if so, when and how?
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beethoven did do so in the first, and this quartet.

^ When how and why did Beethoven go deaf and what was the cause of his death?
  • index.htm 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He originally thought of the slow movement as in E major, a remote key to which, however, he soon assigned the more intimate position of complementary key in the first movement.^ He originally thought of the slow movement as in E major, a remote key to which, however, he soon assigned the more intimate position of complementary key in the first movement.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Much has been made of the 'new' theme that follows this climax in the remote key of E minor, and which analysts have tried to derive from the rising triad of the first subject, though Beethoven provided a more obvious unifying factor in the accompanying syncopations.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not two but four more followed, including an extra movement, which was substituted for the original fugal finale ( Grosse Fuge ) of the String Quartet in B-flat Major , Opus 130.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He then worked at the slow movement in F with such zest that he did not discover until the whole sonata was finished that he had raised the first and last movements to an altogether higher plane of thought, though the redundancy of the two rondos in juxtaposition and the unusual length of the sonata were so obvious that his friends ventured to point them out.^ He wrote five such duo sonatas and from the first two, his Op.

^ He then worked at the slow movement in F with such zest that he did not discover until the whole sonata was finished that he had raised the first and last movements to an altogether higher plane of thought, though the redundancy of the two rondos in juxtaposition and the unusual length of the sonata were so obvious that his friends ventured to point them out.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first measure of this movement was added after the whole sonata was finished.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beethoven's revision of his earliest works is now known to have been extensive and drastic; but this is the first instance, and Fidelio and the quartet in B flat, op. 131, are the only other instances, of any later work needing important alteration after it was completely executed.^ After his recovery, he revised a string quartet he'd been working on.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven did do so in the first, and this quartet.

^ Schumann: Piano quartet in E flat (Sound recording) ; Beethoven: Quartets, op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.From this point up to op.^ From this point up to op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

s
of we may study .Beethoven's second manner entirely free from any survivals of his first, even as a legitimate contrast; though it is as impossible to fix a point before which his third manner cannot be traced as it is to ignore the premonitions of his second manner in his early works.^ Beethoven's second manner entirely free from any survivals of his first, even as a legitimate contrast; though it is as impossible to fix a point before which his third manner cannot be traced as it is to ignore the premonitions of his second manner in his early works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hammerklavier sonata which is the German word for piano, but unlike other piano sonatas when musicians refer to the Hammerklavier they are referring to this work (Gordon, 184) even though Beethoven used the Hammerklavier title for all his works written after 1817 (Marston, 404).
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The forcefulness, expanded range and evident radical intent of these works sets them apart from symphonies in the 18th century tradition, such as Beethoven's own First and Second.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The distinguishing features in Beethoven's second style are the result of a condition of art in which enormous new possibilities have become so well known that there is no need for stating them abruptly, paradoxically or emphatically, but also no need for working them out to remote conclusions.^ Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The distinguishing features in Beethoven's second style are the result of a condition of art in which enormous new possibilities have become so well known that there is no need for stating them abruptly, paradoxically of emphatically, but also no need for working them out to remote conclusions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The distinguishing features in Beethoven's second style are the result of a condition of art in which enormous new possibilities have become so well known that there is no need for stating them abruptly, paradoxically or emphatically, but also no need for working them out to remote conclusions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hence these works have become for most people the best-known and best-loved type of classical music.^ The Most Romantic classical music in the universe .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Appreciating and loving classical music blog .
  • ACO - ACO | 2009 Performances | Beethoven 4 | Reviews 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.aco.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Hence these works have become for most people the best-known and best-loved type of classical music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.In their perfect fusion of untranslatable dramatic emotion with every beauty of musical design and tone they have never been equalled, nor is it probable that any other art can show a wider range of thought embodied in a more perfect form.^ In their perfect fusion of untranslatable dramatic emotion with every beauty of musical design and tone they have never been equalled, nor is it probable that any other art can show a wider range of thought embodied in a more perfect form, in music itself there is nothing else of so wide a range without grave artistic defects from which Beethoven is entirely free.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In their perfect fusion of untranslatable dramatic emotion with every beauty of musical design and tone they have never been equalled, nor is it probable that any other art can show a wider range of thought embodied in a more perfect form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aside from his architectonic innovations and expansion of the classical sonata and symphony, he brought to music a new depth and intensity of emotion that was emulated by later romantic composers but probably never surpassed.
  • Beethoven Ludwig Van: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.In music itself there is nothing else of so wide a range without grave artistic defects from which Beethoven is entirely free.^ In music itself there is nothing else of so wide a range without grave artistic defects from which Beethoven is entirely free.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is so little but the music itself by which one can express Beethoven's thought.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Free Beethoven Sheet music .
  • Free Beethoven Sheet music 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.8notes.com [Source type: General]

.Wagnerian opera aims at an ideal as truly artistic, and in so far of wider range than Beethoven's that it passes beyond the bounds of pure music altogether.^ Wagnerian opera aims at an ideal as truly artistic, and in so far of wider range than Beethoven's that it passes beyond the bounds of pure music altogether.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is at this point, at the emotional climax of the work, that Beethoven’s music goes beyond the bounds of purely orchestral sound, and he finds it necessary to introduce the human voice.
  • Fantastic Metropolis » Symphony no. 6 in C minor ‘The Tragic’ by Ludwig van Beethoven II 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.fantasticmetropolis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's 32 numbered piano sonatas make full use of the developing form of piano, with its wider range and possibilities of dynamic contrast.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.Within those bounds Beethoven remained, and even the apparent exceptions (such as Fidelio and his two great examples of "programme music," the Pastoral Symphony and the sonata, Les Adieux) only show how universal his conception of pure music is.^ Beethoven expanded the expressive capabilities of the symphonies, sonatas, and chamber music.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within those bounds Beethoven remained, and even the apparent exceptions (such as Fidelio and his two great examples of " programme music ," the Pastoral Symphony and the sonata, Les Adieux ) only show how universal his conception of pure music is.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within those bounds Beethoven remained, and even the apparent exceptions (such as Fidelio and his two great examples of "programme music", the Pastoral Symphony and the sonata, Les Adieux ) only show how universal his conception of pure music is.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Extraneous ideas had here struck him as magnificent material for instrumental music, and he never troubled to argue whether instrumental music is the better or worse for expressing extraneous ideas.^ Extraneous ideas had here struck him as magnificent material for instrumental music, and he never troubled to argue whether instrumental music is the better or worse for expressing extraneous ideas.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His well- documented walks in the country, during which so many musical ideas came to him, could easily have been made in the gorgeous mountains surrounding the village.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The composer appreciated the extended keyboard and the structural strength of his new instrument and materialized on it in 1804 the music thoughts, which haunted him before Eroica Symphony, in piano Sonatas op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To describe the works of Beethoven's second period here would be to describe a library of well-known classics, and we must refer the reader for further details to the articles on Sonata Forms, Contrapuntal Forms, Harmony and Instrumentation.^ Reference library Enter a question here...
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven’s achievement - Three periods of work .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ The second sonata (in D minor) is the greatest work Beethoven had as yet written.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.It remains for us to attempt to indicate the essential features of his third style, and to conclude with a survey of his influence on the history of music.^ It remains for us to attempt to indicate the essential features of his third style, and to conclude with a survey of his influence on the history of music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's music will be understood to all time, while that of his predecessors will, for the most part, only remain intelligible to us through the medium of reflection on the history of Art.
  • Little Journeys Vol. 14: Great Musicians by Elbert Hubbard: Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this fine addition to the Cambridge Music Handbooks series, Stowell examines the origins of the concerto and influences on it, its structure and style, and its performance history.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beethoven's third style arose imperceptibly from his second.^ Beethoven's third style arose imperceptibly from his second.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His playing of the second movement is infectiously animated and hes just as convincing in the slow minuet that Beethoven places third in the sonata.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

^ June 7, 2006 Beethoven's Third Symphony is regarded as a turning point in musical history, and it marks the beginning of his career's second period.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.His deafness had very little to do with it, for all his epoch-making discoveries in orchestral effect date from the time when he was already far too much inconvenienced to test them in a way which would satisfy any one who depended more upon his ear than upon his imagination.^ Who adores him more than I do?
  • Celebration Ledwig vanm Beethoven's 225th Birthday 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.schillerinstitute.org [Source type: General]

^ His deafness had very little to do with it, for all his epoch-making discoveries in orchestral effect date from the time when he was already far too much inconvenienced to test them in a way which would satisfy any one who depended more upon his ear than upon his imagination.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His deafness had very little to do with it, for all his epoch-making discoveries in orchestral effect date from the time when he was already far too much inconvenienced to test them in a way which would satisfy anyone who depended more upon his ear than upon his imagination.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is indeed highly probable that there are no important features in Beethoven's latest style that may not be paralleled by the tendencies of all great artists who have handled their material until it contains nothing that has not been long familiar with them.^ It is indeed highly probable that there are no important features in Beethoven's latest style that may not be paralleled by the tendencies of all great artists who have handled their material until it contains nothing that has not been long familiar with them.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is striking indeed, for however carefully one studies Beethoven's evolving style up to 1803, nothing prepares one for the scope, the almost bewildering originality and the technical certainty manifested in this symphony.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His salon was frequented by distinguished persons of all ranks among whom was Beethoven, who had already expressed great admiration for the First Consul of the Republic.

.Such tendencies lead to an extreme simplicity of form, underlying an elaboration of detail which may at first seem bewildering until we realize that it is purely the working out to its logical conclusions of some idea as simple and natural as the form itself.^ Such tendencies lead to an extreme simplicity of form, underlying an elaboration of detail which may at first seem bewildering until we realize that it is purely the working out to its logical conclusions of some idea as simple and natural as the form itself.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He then worked at the slow movement in F with such zest that he did not discover until the whole sonata was finished that he had raised the first and last movements to an altogether higher plane of thought, though the redundancy of the two rondos in juxtaposition and the unusual length of the sonata were so obvious that his friends ventured to point them out.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That we are enabled to enjoy an experience repeatedly precisely because it remains basically the same may seem a paradoxical argument, and anti-intellectual in the extreme.
  • Repeating Beethoven - Sandow 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artsjournal.com [Source type: General]

.The form, however, will be not merely simple, but individual.^ The form, however, will be not merely simple, but individual.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The form, however, will he not merely simple, but individual.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Different works will show such striking external differences of form that a criticism which applies merely a priori or historic standards will be tempted by the fallacy that there is less form in a number of such markedly different works than in a number of works that have one scheme in common.^ Again, we have already referred to that confusion of thought which regards a series of works markedly different in form as containing less form than any number of works cast in one mould .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, we have already referred to that confusion of thought which regards a series of works markedly different in form as containing less form than any number of works cast in one mould.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Different works will show such striking external differences of form that a criticism which applies merely a priori or historic standards will be tempted by the fallacy that there is less form in a number of such markedly different works than in a number of works that have one scheme in common.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.All this is eminently the case with Beethoven's last works.^ All this is eminently the case with Beethoven's last works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Beethoven) The Ninth, or "Choral," Symphony, written in 1823, the last of the immortal group, stands prominently out among all other works of its class by its combination of voices and instruments.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Annotated List Of Beethoven'S Works Up to 1823 we give in most cases the dates of publication, the date of composition being generally from one to three years earlier.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The extreme simplicity of the themes of the first two movements of the quartet in B flat, op. 131, and the tremendous complexity of the texture into which they are woven, at first impress us as something mysterious and intangible rather than astonishing.^ (An interesting comparison is the first movement of the Op.
  • Artistled | CDs | Beethoven Complete Works for Piano & Cello 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.artistled.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extreme simplicity of the themes of the first two movements of the quartet in B flat, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the first movement of the Waldstein sonata they would be flat and colourless.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The boldness with which the slow introduction is blended in broad statement and counter-statement with the allegro, is directly impressive, as is also the entry of the second subject with its dark harmony and tone, but the work needs long familiarity before its vast mass of thought reveals itself to us in its true lucidity.^ The boldness with which the slow introduction is blended in broad statement and counter -statement with the allegro , is directly impressive, as is also the entry of the second subject with its dark harmony and tone, but the work needs long familiarity before its vast mass of thought reveals itself to us in its true lucidity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is some lovely responsive work between the wood-wind and the string bands for the second subject.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ E flat major of the forthcoming second subject, to hear the impressive originality of this composer’s mind.
  • Fantastic Metropolis » Symphony no. 6 in C minor ‘The Tragic’ by Ludwig van Beethoven II 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.fantasticmetropolis.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such works are "dark with excessive bright."^ Such works are "dark with excessive bright."
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.When we enter into them they are transparent as far as our vision extends, and their darkness is that of a depth that shines as we penetrate it.^ When we enter into them they are transparent as far as our vision extends, and their darkness is that of a depth that shines as we penetrate it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.In all probability only a veil of familiarity prevents our finding the same kind of difficulty in Beethoven's earlier works.^ In all probability only a veil of familiarity prevents our finding the same kind of difficulty in Beethoven's earlier works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Here, too, we find the same juxtaposition of Mozart and Beethoven, again to the detriment of the latter if it is true that in Tchaikovsky's eyes he commanded respect rather than affection!
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This book is an antidote; by examining the difficulties the work has caused auditors right from its premiere, Cook undermines our facile familiarity."
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.What is undoubtedly newest in the last works is the enormous development of those polyphonic elements which are always essential to the life of a composition, but which have very different functions and degrees of prominence in different forms and stages of the art.^ What is undoubtedly newest in the last works is the enormous development of those polyphonic elements which are always essential to the life of a composition, but which have very different functions and degrees of prominence in different forms and stages of the art.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue , not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue, not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polyphony inevitably draws attention to detail, and thus Beethoven in his middle period found its more obvious manifestations but little conducive to the breadth of designs which were not as yet sufficiently familiar to take any but the foremost place.^ Polyphony inevitably draws attention to detail, and thus Beethoven in his middle period found its more obvious manifestations but little conducive to the breadth of designs which were not as yet sufficiently familiar to take any but the foremost place.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven as a young man and in his middle age and later years - as shown in paintings and drawings of the period.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, I will point out two details: 1) In Beethoven I like the middle period, occasionally the first, but at bottom I hate the final period, especially the last quartets.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hence, among other interesting features of that second period, his marked preference for themes founded on rhythmic figures of one note, e.g. the famous "four taps" in the C minor symphony; an identical rhythm in a melodious theme of very different character in the G major concerto; a similar figure in the Sonata Appassionata; the first theme of the scherzo of the F major quartet, op. 59, No.^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9 in D minor, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ F minor (158) Symphony no 1 in C major, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ First period - - Second period .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

r, and the drum-beats in the violin concerto. .Such rhythms give thematic life to an inner part without causing it to assume such melodic interest as might distract the attention from the flow of the surface.^ Such rhythms give thematic life to an inner part without causing it to assume such melodic interest as might distract the attention from the flow of the surface.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such things brought me to the verge of desperation, and well-nigh caused me to put an end to my life.

^ He thereby gives an uncertain feel to the rhythm even while the music is flowing.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.But in proportion as polyphony loses its danger so does the prominence of such rhythmic figures decrease, until in Beethoven's last works they are no more noticeable than other kinds of simplicity.^ But in proportion as polyphony loses its danger so does the prominence of such rhythmic figures decrease, until in Beethoven's last works they are no mere noticeable than other kinds of simplicity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in proportion as polyphony loses its danger so does the prominence of such rhythmic figures decrease, until in Beethoven's last works they are no more noticeable than other kinds of simplicity.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No 3 is much more of a virtuoso work than its companions.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.The impression of crowded detail is naturally more prominent the smaller the means with which Beethoven works and the less outwardly dramatic his thought.^ The impression of crowded detail is naturally more prominent the smaller the means with which Beethoven works and the less outwardly dramatic his thought.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The end justifies the means; and as a net result of this mating, without putting forward the circumstance as a precedent to be religiously followed, the world has Beethoven and his work.
  • Little Journeys Vol. 14: Great Musicians by Elbert Hubbard: Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On a smaller scale, in which mastery was the more easily attainable as experimen t was more readily tested, Beethoven was sooner able to strike a tragic note, and hence the process of growth in his style is more readily traceable in the pianoforte works than in the larger compositions which naturally represent a series of crowning results.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus those most gigantic of all musical designs, the 9th symphony, and the Mass in D, are, but for the mechanical difficulties of the choral writing, almost like works of the second period as far as direct impressiveness is concerned; and in the same way the enormous pianoforte sonata, op. 196, is in its first three movements easier to follow than the extremely terse and subtle works on a smaller scale that preceded it (sonata in A major, Ior, and the two sonatas for violoncello, op. 102).^ This is one of the grandest and most powerful of the works in the Second Period style.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus those most gigantic of all musical designs, the 9th symphony, and the Mass in D, are, but for the mechanical difficulties of the choral writing, almost like works of the second period as far as direct impressiveness is concerned; and in the same way the enormous pianoforte sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First period - - Second period .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue, not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue , not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue, not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Indeed, Beethoven's favorite way of enlarging his range of expression often seems to consist in allowing the titanic force of his new inventions and the formal beauty of the old art to indicate by their contrast a new world grander and lovelier than either.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.This union was not effected without a struggle, the traces of which present a close parallel to that abrupt emphasis which we noticed in some of Beethoven's early works.^ This union was not effected without a struggle, the traces of which present a close parallel to that abrupt emphasis which we noticed in some of Beethoven's early works.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The end justifies the means; and as a net result of this mating, without putting forward the circumstance as a precedent to be religiously followed, the world has Beethoven and his work.
  • Little Journeys Vol. 14: Great Musicians by Elbert Hubbard: Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's melodies, musical development, use of modulation and texture, and characterization of emotion all set him apart from his influences, and heightened the impact some of his early works made when they were first published.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his fugue-writing the notion that the chief interest lies in the texture is as yet so difficult to hold together with the perception that these fugues are based on a modern firmness and range of form, that the texture is forced upon the listener's attention by a continual series of ruthlessly logical bold strokes of harmony.^ In his fugue-writing the notion that the chief interest lies in the texture is as yet so difficult to hold together with the perception that these fugues are based on a modern firmness and range of form, that the texture is forced upon the listener's attention by a continual series of ruthlessly logical bold strokes of harmony.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A fragmented outline eventually leads to a full presentation and a free-ranging series of variations in which imaginative textures play a full part.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These ideas all feature in the development, and when they return towards their original form they soon move through to a richly-textured climax.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From this and from the notorious violence of Beethoven's choral writing, and also from his well-known technical struggles in his years of pupilage, the easy inference has been drawn that Beethoven never was a great master of counterpoint, an inference that is absolutely irreconcilable with such plain facts as, to take but one early example, the brilliant piece of triple counterpoint in the andante of the string quartet in C minor, op. 18, No.^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven, Volume 33, String Quartets .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9 in D minor, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

.4, and the complete absence of anything like crudeness in his handling of harmonies, basses or inner parts at any period of his career.^ The scoring of the Harmonie sometimes then incorporated strings, but more often than not was for wind alone, but with a double bass, and it was the experience gathered in writing for this ensemble which was to help composers in writing wind parts for the symphonic works of the early and mid classical period.
  • Repertoire > Composers > Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.timreynish.com [Source type: General]

.Beethoven may have mastered some things with difficulty, but he mastered nothing incompletely; and where he is not orthodox it is safest to conclude that orthodoxy is wrong.^ Beethoven may have mastered some things with difficulty, but he mastered nothing incompletely; and where he is not orthodox it is safest to conclude that orthodoxy is wrong.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven, unfortunately, did not win any awards during his life time though he may have received some posthumously.
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The deaf musician may write, as Beethoven wrote, some of the grandest inspirations ever given to the world, but while others are hearing these inspirations, he cannot hear.

.Had he lived for another ten years he would certainly have produced an immense amount of choral work, and with it many other great instrumental works in which this last remaining element of conflict between texture and form would have dwindled away.^ Had he lived for another ten years he would certainly have produced an immense amount of choral work, and with it many other great instrumental works in which this last remaining element of conflict between texture and form would have dwindled away.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the beginning of 1827 Beethoven had projects for a 10th symphony, music to Goethe's Faust , and (under the stimulus of his newly acquired collection of Handel's works) any amount of choral music, compared to which all his previous compositions would have seemed but a prelude.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These works were dedicated to his patron Prince Lichnowsky, [32] and were a financial success; Beethoven's profits were nearly sufficient to cover living expenses for a year.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But while this would doubtless result in such work being easier to follow and might even have given us a version of the great fugue, op. 133 (discarded from the string-quartet, op. 131), that did not surpass the bounds of practical performance, it would yet be no sound criterion by which to stigmatize as an immaturity the roughness of the polyphonic works that we know.^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After his recovery, he revised a string quartet he'd been working on.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Quartet No.16 in F, Op.135 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.That roughness is, like the abrupt epigrammatic manner of some of his early works, the necessary condition in which such material realizes mature expression.^ That roughness is, like the abrupt epigrammatic manner of some of his early works, the necessary condition in which such material realizes mature expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This abruptness is, however, in a few of Beethoven's early works carried appreciably too far.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such tendencies lead to an extreme simplicity of form, underlying an elaboration of detail which may at first seem bewildering until we realize that it is purely the working out to its logical conclusions of some idea as simple and natural as the form itself.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Without it that material could receive but the academic handling of a dead language.^ Without it that material could receive but the academic handling of a dead language.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.And by it was created that permanent reconciliation of polyphony and form from which has arisen almost all that is true in "Romantic" music, all that is peculiar to the thematic technique of Wagnerian opera, and all the perfect smoothness of Brahms's polyphony.^ And by it was created that permanent reconciliation of polyphony and form from which has arisen almost all that is true in "Romantic" music, all that is peculiar to the thematic technique of Wagnerian opera, and all the perfect smoothness of Brahms's polyphony.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And by it was created that permanent reconciliation of polyphony and form from which has arisen almost all that is true in "Romantic" music, all that is peculiar to the thematic technique of Wagnerian opera, and all the perfect smoothness of Brahms 's polyphony.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a crucial figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music, and remains one of the most respected and influential composers of all time.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The incalculable depth of thought and closeness of texture in Beethoven's later works are, of course, the embodiment of a no less incalculable emotional power.^ The incalculable depth of thought and closeness of texture in Beethoven's later works are, of course, the embodiment of a no less incalculable emotional power.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Itzhak Perlman begins to talk about one of Beethoven's violin works -- specifically the C minor sonata, Opus 30, No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Related Topics | National Post 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's melodies, musical development, use of modulation and texture, and characterization of emotion all set him apart from his influences, and heightened the impact some of his early works made when they were first published.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If we at times feel that the last quartets are more introspective than dramatic, that is only because Beethoven's dramatic sense is higher than we can realize.^ If we at times feel that the last quartets are more introspective than dramatic, that is only because Beethoven's dramatic sense is higher than we can realize.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ My big problem is that when listening to, and especially when conducting, Beethoven I have this very strong feeling that he is probably the giant of composers, the Titan of the Quartet, the God of the Symphony.
  • Repertoire > Composers > Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.timreynish.com [Source type: General]

^ When he had shaken off the influence of Meyerbeer, which has so often been confused with that of Beethoven, there remained to him, preeminently in his music and more imperfectly realized in his drama, a power of combining contrasted emotions such as is the privilege of only the very greatest dramatic artists.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The subject is too large and too subtle for dogmatism to be profitable; and we cannot in Beethoven's case, as we can in Bach's, cite a complete series of illustrations of his musical ideas from his treatment in choral music of words which themselves interpret the intention of the composer.^ The subject is too large and too subtle for dogmatism to be profitable; and we cannot in Beethoven's case, as we can in Bach's, cite a complete series of illustrations of his musical ideas from his treatment in choral music of words which themselves interpret the intention of the composer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Orchestral Music Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ The concert, profitable as it was for the composer, led to a bitter quarrel with Maelzel, from which Beethoven emerged with little credit.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.safran-arts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is so little but the music itself by which one can express Beethoven's thought, that the utmost we can do here is to refer the reader, as before, to the articles on Sonata Forms, Harmony, Instrumentation, Opera and Music, where he will find further attempts to indicate in what sense pure music can be described as dramatic and expressive of emotion.^ Beethoven might be described as the Carlyle of music.

^ Beethoven expanded the expressive capabilities of the symphonies, sonatas, and chamber music.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To describe the works of Beethoven's second period here would be to describe a library of well-known classics , and we must refer the reader for further details to the articles on Sonata Forms, Contrapuntal Forms, Harmony and Instrumentation .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.As our range of investigation widens, and thoroughness of analysis and study increases, so we shall surely find in ourselves an ever-deepening conviction that Beethoven, whether in range, depth and truth of thought, perfect sense of beauty, or absolute conscientiousness of execution, is the greatest musician, perhaps the greatest artist, that ever lived.^ As our range of investigation widens, and thoroughness of analysis and study increases, so we shall surely find in ourselves an ever-deepening conviction that Beethoven, whether in range, depth and truth of thought, perfect sense of beauty, or absolute conscientiousness of execution, is the greatest musician, perhaps the greatest artist, that ever lived.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Apart from being the two greatest musicians in history, they both lived, worked, died and were buried in Vienna, although neither...
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Widely regarded as the greatest composer who ever lived, Ludwig van Beethoven dominates a period of musical history as no one else before or since.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no means of measuring Beethoven's influence upon subsequent music.^ There is no means of measuring Beethoven's influence upon subsequent music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To measure Beethoven's influence is like measuring Shakespeare's.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

.Every composer of every school claims it.^ Every composer of every school claims it.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.The immense changes he brought about in the range of music have their most obvious effect in the possibilities of emotional expression; and so any outbreak of vulgarity or sentimentality can with impunity claim descent from Beethoven, though its ancestry may be no higher than Meyerbeer.^ The immense changes he brought about in the range of music have their most obvious effect in the possibilities of emotional expression; and so any outbreak of vulgarity or sentimentality can with impunity claim descent from Beethoven, though its ancestry may be no higher than Meyerbeer.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The immense changes he brought about in the range of music have their most obvious effect in the possibilities of emotional expression; and so any outbreak of vulgarity or sentimentality can with impunity claim descent from Beethoven, though its ancestry may be no higher than Meyerbeer .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 22, 2008 It's been called "repellent," "joyous," and "the most advanced piece of music anyone could think of."
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Again, we have already referred to that confusion of thought which regards a series of works markedly different in form as containing less form than any number of works cast in one mould.^ Again, we have already referred to that confusion of thought which regards a series of works markedly different in form as containing less form than any number of works cast in one mould .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, we have already referred to that confusion of thought which regards a series of works markedly different in form as containing less form than any number of works cast in one mould.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is striking that Beethoven’s later works are increasingly dominated by the paradox of “that Many, which can be thought of as One,” as the “totality of determinate elements which can be united into a whole.” Beethoven himself, in a number of remarks, referred to the significance of the “whole” in the creative process.
  • Celebration Ledwig vanm Beethoven's 225th Birthday 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.schillerinstitute.org [Source type: General]

.Hence the works of Beethoven's third period have been cited in defence of more than one "revolution," attempted in a form which never existed in any true classic, for the purpose of setting up something the revolutionist has not yet succeeded in inventing.^ Hence the works of Beethoven's third period have been cited in defence of more than one "revolution," attempted in a form which never existed in any true classic, for the purpose of setting up something the revolutionist has not yet succeeded in inventing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven’s achievement - Three periods of work .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Hence the works of Beethoven's third period have been cited in defense of more than one revolution, attempted in a form which never existed in any true classic, for the purpose of setting up something the revolutionary has not yet succeeded in inventing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.To measure Beethoven's influence is like measuring Shakespeare's.^ To measure Beethoven's influence is like measuring William Shakespeare 's.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To measure Beethoven's influence is like measuring Shakespeare's.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no means of measuring Beethoven's influence upon subsequent music.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is an influence either too vaguely universal to name or too profoundly artistic to analyse.^ It is an influence either too vaguely universal to name or too profoundly artistic to analyze.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is an influence either too vaguely universal to name or too profoundly artistic to analyse.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Perhaps the truest account of it would be that which ignored its presence in the works of ill-balanced artists, or even in the works of those who profited merely by an increase of technical and harmonic resource which, though effected by Beethoven, would, after the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, almost certainly have to some extent arisen from sheer necessity of finding expression for the new experience of humanity, if Beethoven had never existed.^ Perhaps the truest account of it would be that which ignored its presence in the works of ill-balanced artists, or even in the works of those who profited merely by an increase of technical and harmonic resource which, though effected by Beethoven, would, after the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, almost certainly have to some extent arisen from sheer necessity of finding expression for the new experience of humanity, if Beethoven had never existed.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although I sympathise with those who find this inconsistent, again, for me, it worked .

^ Certainly the smallest class is that in which there is unmistakable imitation of Mozart, and it is significant that almost all examples of this class are works for wind instruments , where the technical limitations narrowly determine the style and discourage the composer from taking things seriously.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Setting aside, then, all instances of mere domination, and of a permanently established new world of musical thought, and omitting Schubert and Weber as contemporaries, the one attracted and the other partly repelled, we may, perhaps, take three later composers, Schumann, Wagner and Brahms, as the leading examples of the way in which Beethoven's influence is definitely traceable as a creative force.^ Setting aside, then, all instances of mere domination, and of a permanently established new world of musical thought, and omitting Schubert and Weber as contemporaries, the one attracted and the other partly repelled, we may, perhaps, take three later composers, Schumann , Wagner and Brahms , as the leading examples of the way in which Beethoven's influence is definitely traceable as a creative force.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Incidentally, this thought may perhaps not even be new.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is so little but the music itself by which one can express Beethoven's thought.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The depth and solemnity of Beethoven's melody and later polyphonic richness is a leading source of Schumann's inspiration, though Schumann's artistic schemes exclude any high degree of formal organization on a large scale.^ The depth and solemnity of Beethoven's melody and later polyphonic richness is a leading source of Schumann's inspiration, though Schumann's artistic schemes exclude any high degree of formal organization on a large scale.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality.
  • Amazon.com: Ludwig van Beethoven: MP3 Downloads 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ It is probable that only the Beethoven of the last quartets could have invented a form that should have embodied his experience directly and yet on a sufficiently large scale.
  • Beethoven's Eroica Symphony 15 September 2009 5:29 UTC www.wisdomportal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beethoven's late polyphony is carried on by Brahms to the point at which perfect smoothness of style is once more possible, and there is no aspect of his form which Brahms neglects or fails to realize with that complete originality which has nothing to fear from its ancestry.^ Beethoven's early style as clearly as possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's late polyphony is carried on by Brahms to the point at which perfect smoothness of style is once more possible, and there is no aspect of his form which Brahms neglects or fails to realize with that complete originality which has nothing to fear from its ancestry.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are in these flashes , but no more.
  • Tchaikovsky Research : Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.tchaikovsky-research.org [Source type: Original source]

.Wagner does not handle the same art-forms; his task is different, but Beethoven was the inspiring source, not only of his purely musical sense, but also of his whole sense of dramatic contrast, and fitness.^ Wagner does not handle the same art forms; his task is different, but Beethoven was the inspiring source, not only of his purely musical sense, but also of his whole sense of dramatic contrast and fitness.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wagner does not handle the same art-forms; his task is different, but Beethoven was the inspiring source, not only of his purely musical sense, but also of his whole sense of dramatic contrast, and fitness.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His enormous development of polyphonic interest soon led Beethoven to employ the fugue, not only, as in previous works, by way of episodic contrast to passages and designs in which the form and not the texture is the main object of interest, but as the culminating expression of a condition or art in which the unity of form and texture is so perfect that the mind is free to concentrate itself on the texture alone.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.When he had shaken off the influence of Meyerbeer, which has so often been confused with that of Beethoven, there remained to him, preeminently in his music and more imperfectly realized in his drama, a power of combining contrasted emotions such as is the privilege of only the very greatest dramatic artists.^ When he had shaken off the influence of Meyerbeer, which has so often been confused with that of Beethoven, there remained to him, preeminently in his music and more imperfectly realized in his drama, a power of combining contrasted emotions such as is the privilege of only the very greatest dramatic artists.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In their perfect fusion of untranslatable dramatic emotion with every beauty of musical design and tone they have never been equalled, nor is it probable that any other art can show a wider range of thought embodied in a more perfect form, in music itself there is nothing else of so wide a range without grave artistic defects from which Beethoven is entirely free.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These lessons lasted for only fourteen days as Beethoven's mother's serious illness and her early death called him back to Bonn.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Sheet Music 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatscores.com [Source type: General]

.Bach and Beethoven are the sources of the polyphonic means of expression by which he attains this.^ Bach and Beethoven are the sources of the polyphonic means of expression by which he attains this.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only in his last period does the pianoforte cease to be Beethoven's normal means of expression.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven alone is the extraneous source of his knowledge that it was possible.^ Beethoven alone is the extraneous source of his knowledge that it was possible.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.And it is as certain as anything in the history of art that there will never be a time when Beethoven's work does not occupy the central place in a sound musical mind.^ And it is as certain as anything in the history of art that there will never be a time when Beethoven's work does not occupy the central place in a sound musical mind.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven completed nine symphonies, works that influenced the whole future of music by the expansion of the traditional classical form.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ If the later work of Beethoven were unknown there would be very little evidence that this sonata was by a young man, except, perhaps, in the remarkable abruptness of style in the first movement, an abruptness which is characteristic, not of immaturity, but of art in which problems are successfully solved for the first time.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Annotated List Of Beethoven'S Works Up to 1823 we give in most cases the dates of publication, the date of composition being generally from one to three years earlier.^ Beethoven’s achievement - Three periods of work .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ When Itzhak Perlman begins to talk about one of Beethoven's violin works -- specifically the C minor sonata, Opus 30, No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Related Topics | National Post 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven's father was very clumsy in his unnecessary attempts to make an infant prodigy of his son; for the ante-dating of this composition, implying the correct date of birth, contradicts the post-dating of the date of birth by which he tried to make out that the three sonatas Beethoven wrote in the same year were by a boy of eleven.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven seldom had less than a dozen projects in hand at once, and their immediate chronology is inextricable; whereas publication generally means final revision.^ Beethoven seldom had less than a dozen projects in hand at once, and their immediate chronology is inextricable; whereas publication generally means final revision.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The impression of crowded detail is naturally more prominent the smaller the means with which Beethoven works and the less outwardly dramatic his thought.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Annotated List Of Beethoven'S Works Up to 1823 we give in most cases the dates of publication, the date of composition being generally from one to three years earlier.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.This list is purposely incomplete in order that unimportant works may not distract attention, even when they are late and on a large scale.^ This list is purposely incomplete in order that unimportant works may not distract attention, even when they are late and on a large scale.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Compared to those of his contemporaries, these last works of Beethoven may have sounded strange and perhaps even tumultous to some listeners.
  • Tracing Beethoven In and Around Vienna 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.frugalfun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It includes large-scale works that express heroism and struggle.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sonata = Pianoforte sonata.
.Violin or violoncello sonata = for pianoforte, V. or Vc.^ Violin or violoncello sonata = for pianoforte, V. or Vc.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

Pianoforte trio = Pfte., V., Vc.
.Pianoforte quartet = Pfte., V., viola and Vc.^ Pianoforte quartet = Pfte., V., viola and Vc.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pianoforte trio = Pfte., V., Vc.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.String trio =V., Va., Vc.^ MARTIN STRING TRIO, VN/VA/VC, S.S. UE13959 $25.00 .

^ String trio =V., Va., Vc.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.String quartet = VV., Va.^ String quartet = VV., Va.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

and Vc.
.Pianoforte or violin concerto = Concerto with orchestra.^ Pianoforte or violin concerto = Concerto with orchestra.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven completed one violin concerto and five piano concertos, as well as a triple concerto for violin, cello and piano, and a curious Choral Fantasia,for solo piano, chorus and orchestra.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

1785.3 pf t e. quartets, of which the third contains important material for the sonatas, op. 2, Nos. i and 3.
.(Thayer's attribution of the masterly bagatelles, op. 33, published 1803, to this period can only be rationalized by some similar rough first idea.^ In fact, Beethoven had published only the first ten of his sonatas by 1800.

^ It is uncertain whether this was the First or Second, as documentary evidence is unclear, and both concertos were in a similar state of near-completion (neither was completed or published for several years).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The turn of the century concluded what is generally referred to as Beethoven's first period, a period during which his art stayed within the bounds of 18th-century technique and ideas.

) .1790.24 variations on an air by Righini (published 1801).^ Of particular interest are 24 variations on a theme by Vincenzo Righini, an Italian composer, which, like the String Trio in E Flat Major , Opus 3, Beethoven revised and then published at a much later date.

^ Of particular interest are 24 variations on a theme by Vincenzo Righini, an Italian composer, which, like the String Trio in E-flat Major , Opus 3, Beethoven revised and then published at a much later date.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.A very remarkable work, anticipating Schumann's Papillons in its humorous close.^ A very remarkable work, anticipating Schumann's Papillons in its humorous close.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's last pianoforte work, a very remarkable and unaccountably neglected group of carefully contrasted lyric pieces.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was Beethoven's chief early tourde-force in pianoforte playing.^ It was Beethoven's chief early tourde-force in pianoforte playing.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The sonority is impressive and never sounds forced even when Beethoven requires his pianist to play at full tilt.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

1 795.3 pfte. trios, op. i (E ', G, C minor).
1796.3 pfte. sonatas, .op. 2 (F minor, A and C, dedicated to Haydn).^ Sonata no.27 in E minor - Op.90 This short sonata, in two movements which is unusual for Beethoven, was composed in 1814 and was dedicated to Dem Grafen Lichnowsky.
  • Sonatas - Ludwig van Beethoven - Piano Society 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sonata no.32 in C minor - Op.111 This sonata was written in 1821-1822 and bears no dedication.
  • Sonatas - Ludwig van Beethoven - Piano Society 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: Academic]

^ (F minor, A and C, dedicated to Haydn).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

1797. String trio, op. 3, 2 violoncello sonatas, op. 5, F and G mi., sonata, op. 7, E.
.1798.3 string trios, op. 9; G, D, C mi., 3 sonatas, op. Io (C mi.^ SCHOENBERG STRING TRIO, OP. 45 PH00539 $13.50 .

^ Sonata no.10 in G major Op.14 no.2 This piano sonata was composed in 1798.
  • Sonatas - Ludwig van Beethoven - Piano Society 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: Academic]

^ SCHUBERT STRING TRIO, OP. POSTH, BFL MAJ PH00369 $8.50 .

F, D). .Trio for pfte., clarinet and violoncello in Bb,op.^ Allegro con brio 934 - Piano Trio No.4 in B flat, for Clarinet, Piano and Cello, Op.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ LANNOY, H.E.J. von: Clarinet Trio, Op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Finale 933 - Piano Trio No.4 in B flat, for Clarinet, Piano and Cello, Op.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

i
i.
.1 799.3 violin sonatas (D, A, Eb), op. 12. Pfte.^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Violin sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ii: Andante Scherzoso Piu Allegretto 1364 - Violin Sonata No.4 In A Minor, Op.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

sonata .(Pathetique not Beethoven's title) C mi., op. 13, 2 pfte.^ BEETHOVEN STRING QUARTET, OP. 59/2, E MI PH00317 $8.50 .

^ Glinka - Trio Pathetique / Beethoven Piano Trio Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Example 13: Beethoven, Sonata Op.
  • Beethoven 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

sonatas, .op. 14, E, G (the first arranged by the composer as a string quartet in F).^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 1: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 5: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.1801. Pianoforte concertos, op. 15 in C, op. 19 in Bb (the latter composed first).^ The first three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bb (the latter composed first).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pianoforte concertos, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Quintet for pianoforte and wind instruments, op. 16 (also arranged, with new details, as quartet for pianoforte and strings), composed 1797.6 string quartets, op. 18 (F, G, D, C mi., A, B5).^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 1: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 5: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.1st symphony (C), op.^ Requiem for Humanity (International: English title) The McKenzie Break (1970) (music: "SYMPHONY NO.3 E-FLAT MAJOR, OP.55 -- 1st & 2nd Movements") ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ C Minor, op 13") Taking Sides (2001) (music: "1ST & 4TH MOVEMENTS" (from SYMPHONY NO.5 C MINOR, OP.67)) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ The FBI Story (1959) (music: "Fifth Symphony, 1st Movement" (uncredited)) Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) ("Fourth movement, Symphony No, 5 in C minor, Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.21.2 violin sonatas, A mi., op.^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Rondo (Allegro moderato) 1075 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Allegro con brio 1076 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.23; F ma., op.^ Allegro ma non troppo 824 - Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor, Op.57 -Appassionata: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

24 (made into two opus-numbers by an accident in the format of the volumes).
.1802. Pianoforte score of the Prometheus ballet, op. 24 (ousted by the F ma.^ Pianoforte score of the Prometheus ballet , op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1801 he had provided the score for the ballet Die Geschpfe des Prometheus ( The Creatures of Prometheus ).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography - Biography.com 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The joyful finale is built upon a theme which Beethoven had used in several previous compositions, the best known of them the score for the ballet The Creatures of Prometheus.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

violin sonata, and reissued as op. 43). .Sonata in Bb, op. 22. Sonata in A5, op. 26 (with the funeral march).^ Andante lugubre 698 - Piano Sonata in G minor, Op.22: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Das Wiedersehen (Vivacissimamente) 837 - Piano Sonata No.26 in E flat, Op.81a -Les adieux: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Scherzo (Allegro assai) 754 - Piano Sonata No.11 in B flat, Op.22: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.2 sonatas ("quasi fantasia"), op. 27, Eb, C$#mi.^ In C#m (Moonlight Sonata)") Oscar and Lucinda (1997) (writer: "Fantasia in C Minor for Piano, Chorus & Orchestra, Op.80") "The Lakes" (1 episode, 1997) - Episode #1.1 (1997) TV episode ("Symphony No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Ray (2004/I) (writer: "Moonlight Sonata") "Frankenstein" (2004) TV mini-series ("Piano Sonata No.14, Op.27-2, 1st Movement 1st Theme" (uncredited)) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Poco adagio, quasi andante 1074 - Sonata for Horn and Piano in F, Op.17: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.Sonata in D, op. 28 (Pastorale not Beethoven's title).^ Beethoven : Hammerklavier Sonatas Op.101, 106 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kreutzer Sonata (USA: new title) Un grand amour de Beethoven (1937) (writer: "Moonlight Sonata", "La Melancolie", "Symphony No.5", "Symphony No.6", "Symphony No.8", "Symphony No.9") ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Andante 774 - Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale": 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

String quintet in C, op. 29.
.1803.3 violin sonatas, op. 30 (A, C mi., G).^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Rondo (Allegro moderato) 1075 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Allegro con brio 1076 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.3 sonatas, op. 31, G, D mi., E5 (the last appearing in 1804).^ Scherzo (Allegretto vivace) 793 - Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -"The Hunt": 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Allegretto 788 - Piano Sonata No.17 in D minor, Op.31 No.2 -Tempest: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Presto con fuoco 795 - Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -The Hunt: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

Variations, op. 34.15 variations and fugue on theme from Prometheus, op. 35.
.1804.2nd symphony (D), op. 36 (1802).^ D major, op.36 (1802) Symphony No.
  • WikiAnswers - Ludwig van Beethoven Questions including "Who were the parents of Ludwig van Beethoven" 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Symphony no.2 III in D major, op.36- Allegro molto.mp3 .
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symphony no.2 IV in D major, op.36- Larghetto.mp3 .
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

3rd pfte. concerto (C mi.), op. 37 (1800).
.1805. The "Kreutzer" sonata, op. 47, for pfte.^ Andante con variazioni 1115 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.9 in A, Op.47 -Kreutzer: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Beethoven: Violin Concerto op.61; Violin Sonata op.47 'Kreutzer' .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ungefähr zu derselben Zeit schrieb er ferner die berühmte Kreutzer-Sonate, [ 261 ] 1805 als Op.
  • ADB:Beethoven, Ludwig van – Wikisource 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC de.wikisource.org [Source type: Academic]

and violin .(A) (finale at first intended for op. 30, No.^ Finale 986 - Pno Trios No.1 In E Flat, Op.1 No.1: I. Allegro 987 - Pno Trios No.1 In E Flat, Op.1 No.1: Ii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Scherzo 1106 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.7 in C minor, Op.30 No.2: 4.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ The first and second movements were actually written after the third movement Finale, which originally served as the last movement of his Violin Sonata in A Op.30.

1).
."Waldstein" sonata for pfte., op. 53 (C).^ Rondo (Allegretto moderato - Prestissimo) 818 - Piano Sonata No.21 in C, Op.53 -Waldstein: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Opp.53 Waldstein & 57 Appassionata Tatiana Nikolayeva .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the "Waldstein" sonata, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.First version of opera Leonore in three acts (with overture "No.^ First version of opera Leonore in three acts (with overture "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Leonore reproduced in two acts with overture No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Final version of Leonore, performed as Fidelio with great alterations, skilful revision of the libretto, very important new material in the music and a new overture.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

2").
.1806. Sonata in F, op. 54. Eroica Symphony, No.^ Symphony No 8 in F major op 93 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ D Minor") Concert Magic (1948) ("1st movement from VIOLIN SONATA NO.1") The Unfinished Dance (1947) (writer: "Symphony No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9 in D minor, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

3, op. 55 (El?), written in 1804 in honour of Napoleon Bonaparte. .It was just finished when news arrived that Napoleon had made himself emperor, and Beethoven was with difficulty restrained from destroying the score.^ Originally the title page bore the name 'Napoleon Bonaparte' as dedication, but Beethoven literally scratched it out when Napoleon had himself proclaimed Emperor, saying, 'Is he then, too, nothing more than an ordinary human being?'
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was the first to tell him the news that Buonaparte had declared himself Emperor, whereupon he broke into a rage and exclaimed, "So he is no more than a common mortal!
  • INS Scholarship 1998: The Eroica Riddle: Did Napoleon Remain Beethoven's "Hero?" 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.napoleon-series.org [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven was finally motivated to begin significant composition again in June 1813, when news arrived of the defeat of one of Napoleon's armies at Vitoria, Spain by a coalition of forces under the Duke of Wellington.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is still the longest extant perfect design in instrumental music. .The finale glorifies the material (and much of the form) of the variations, op. 35. The scherzo is the first full-sized example of Beethoven's special type.^ The finale glorifies the material (and much of the form) of the variations, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The scherzo is the first full-sized example of Beethoven's special type.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Piano Music Beethoven's 32 numbered piano sonatas make full use of the developing form of piano, with its wider range and possibilities of dynamic contrast.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

.Leonore reproduced in two acts with overture No.^ First version of opera Leonore in three acts (with overture "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Leonore reproduced in two acts with overture No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Login or Create an Account to write a review $58.49 $52.49 ADT 21404 Beethoven: Leonore Overture no 3, etc / Malko, Danish Radio SO .
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

3.32 variations in C mi. .(no opus-number, but a very important work on the lines of a modernized chaconne). 1807. Triple concerto (pfte., V. and Vc.^ When Itzhak Perlman begins to talk about one of Beethoven's violin works -- specifically the C minor sonata, Opus 30, No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Related Topics | National Post 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Triple Concerto and violin concerto, five string quartets (Nos.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In homage to the practice of Mozart and Haydn, and departing from his usual composition of one or three works per opus number, Op.

), .op. 56, chiefly interesting as a study for the true concerto-form which had given Beethoven difficulty.^ Beethoven: Violin Concerto Op.61 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.4 Op.58 & No.5 Op.73 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Concerto for Piano no 4 in G major, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

.Sonata, op. 57 (F mi., Appassionata not Beethoven's title).^ After a few concerts of Beethoven's Sonatas, my school music teacher recommended I listened to Wilhelm Kempff and he gave me a complete new dimension of playing Beethoven.
  • Classical Music Blog: Beethoven – ‘Moonlight’ Sonata 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC classicalmusicblog.com [Source type: General]

^ BEETHOVEN: Violin Sonatas Op.
  • Beethoven, Ludwig van - Naxos Direct 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxosdirect.ca [Source type: General]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Sonata for Piano no 26 in E flat major, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

.New overture, Leonore, " No.^ In C Minor, Opus 13 ('Pathétique') Rondo: Allegro") Atlanta Symphony Golden Anniversary (1995) (TV) ("Leonore Overture No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Final version of Leonore, performed as Fidelio with great alterations, skilful revision of the libretto, very important new material in the music and a new overture.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First version of opera Leonore in three acts (with overture "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.I," composed for projected performance of the opera at Prague (posthumously published as op. 138).^ Despite the composers tiresome and relentless jests, Schuppanzigh remained a faithful friend and performer of this demanding composers demanding music, from first (Op.18) to last (Op.135).

^ He spent the most time in Prague, where his reputation had already preceded him through Lichnowsky's family connections, and Berlin, where he composed two cello sonatas (Op.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This time the opera survived two performances and would have run longer but for a quarrel between Beethoven and the management, after which the composer in a fury withdrew his score.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

1808.4th pfte. concerto, op. 58 (G). .3 string quartets, op. 59, F, E mi., C (dedicated to Count Rasoumovsky, in compliment to whom Russian tunes appear in the finale of No.^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Quartet No.16 in F, Op.135 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartet in F major, Op.59, No.

i and the scherzo of No. 2). Overture to Coriolanus, op. 62.
.1809.4th symphony, op. 60 (B5).^ C Minor, op 13") Taking Sides (2001) (music: "1ST & 4TH MOVEMENTS" (from SYMPHONY NO.5 C MINOR, OP.67)) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Higher and Higher (1943) (writer: "Symphony No.5 in C Minor, Op.67" (1809)) The Home Front (1943) (music: "Symphony No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ It was sketched out in 1807, finished in 1808, and published in 1809 by Breitkopth and Hartel as part of a package sold to them by Beethoven, which included the Fifth Symphony Op.

.Violin concerto (D), op. 61 (also arranged by the composer for pianoforte).^ WEILL VIOLIN CONCERTO, OP. 12, S.S. UE08340 $59.00 .

^ G Major , Opus 58; the three Razumovsky Quartets , Opus 59; the Fourth Symphony , Opus 60; the Violin Concerto , Opus 61.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven: Violin Concerto op.61; Violin Sonata op.47 'Kreutzer' .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.5th symphony, op. 67 (C mi.^ BEETHOVEN SYMPHONY 5, OP. 67, C MIN PH00001 $10.00 .

^ C Minor, op 13") Taking Sides (2001) (music: "1ST & 4TH MOVEMENTS" (from SYMPHONY NO.5 C MINOR, OP.67)) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ My Name Is Joe (France) Sour Grapes (1998) ("Symphony #8", "String Quartet in G Major op.18, #2", "String Quartet in F Major op.59, #1") "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" (1 episode, 1998) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

) (1806), the first in which trombones appear. .6th symphony (Pastorale), op. 68; violoncello sonata, op. 69 (A).^ Andante 774 - Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale": 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Presto 772 - Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale": 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ In C#m (Moonlight Sonata)") Oscar and Lucinda (1997) (writer: "Fantasia in C Minor for Piano, Chorus & Orchestra, Op.80") "The Lakes" (1 episode, 1997) - Episode #1.1 (1997) TV episode ("Symphony No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.2 pianoforte trios, op. 70 (D, Eb).^ Presto 982 - Pno Trio No.5 In E Flat, Op.70 No.2: I. Poco Sostenuto - Allegro Ma Non Troppo 983 - Pno Trio No.5 In E Flat, Op.70 No.2: Ii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Largo Assai Ed Espressivo 981 - Pno Trio No.4 In D, Op.70 No.1 'ghost': Iii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Allegretto 984 - Pno Trio No.5 In E Flat, Op.70 No.2: Iii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.1810. Pianoforte score of Leonore (2nd version) published.^ Pianoforte score of Leonore (2nd version) published.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.String quartet, op. 74 (E5, called "Harp" because of pizzicato passages in first movement).^ E, G (the first arranged by the composer as a string quartet in F).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The expansive first movement opens with a subject reminiscent of the first subject of the "Rasumovsky" String Quartet, Op.

^ The first movement of Op.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.Fantasia, op. 77, interesting as consisting of a long and capricious series of dramatic beginnings and breakings off of themes, as if in search for a firm idea, which is at last found and developed as a set of variations.^ It has been in vain that I have played them for years, and heard them played by performers of the front rank; I have tried to make myself like what has at last found general acceptance, but I cannot find them interesting.

^ There are also interesting sets of variations, including a set based on God save the King and another on Rule, Britannia, variations on a theme from the Eroica Symphony and a major work based on a theme by the publisher Diabelli.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ B flat, as the second-subject group and the following orchestral fugue as development), concerto and rondo with a series of nine variations on the ?Joy?
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This scheme thus foreshadows the choral finale of the 9th symphony even more significantly than the Choral Fantasia.^ This scheme thus foreshadows the choral finale of the 9th symphony even more significantly than the Choral Fantasia.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this respect the Symphony's directness and disarming simplicity draws attention, more than before, to Beethoven's abruptness, violence, unconventionality and rough humour.
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Theme of finale first thought of as for instrumental finale to 9th symphony).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Sonata, op. 78, F# (extremely terse and subtle, and a great favourite with Beethoven, who preferred it to the C$$mi.^ F# (extremely terse and subtle, and a great favourite with Beethoven, who preferred it to the C$$mi.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After a few concerts of Beethoven's Sonatas, my school music teacher recommended I listened to Wilhelm Kempff and he gave me a complete new dimension of playing Beethoven.
  • Classical Music Blog: Beethoven – ‘Moonlight’ Sonata 24 September 2009 19:11 UTC classicalmusicblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Sonata for Piano no 26 in E flat major, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

).
1811. 5th pfte. concerto, .op. 73, Eb (The Emperor not Beethoven's title).^ Adagio Un Poco Mosso 658 - Piano Con No.5 In E Flat, Op.73 'emperor': Iii.rondo 659 - Piano Concerto No.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ The work was to have been dedicated to Napoleon , intermittently one of Beethoven’s heroes, but Beethoven struck out the dedication on hearing that Napoleon had taken the title of emperor.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Eb ( The Emperor not Beethoven's title).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Fantasia for pfte., orchestra and chorus, op. 80. Sonata, op. 81a (Les Adieux, l'absence, et le retour), first movement written when the archduke Rudolph had to leave Vienna (4th May 1809), and the rest on his return on the 30th of January 1810. It was an anxious time both for Beethoven and his excellent royal friend, for whom he had great affection.^ Fantasia for pfte., orchestra and chorus , op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first movement of Op.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.(Battle of Wagram, 6th July 1809.) (We may here note that op. 81b is an unimportant and very early sextet.^ (Battle of Wagram , 6th July 1809.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (We may here note that op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

) .The overture to Egmont, op. 84; Christus am Oelberge (the Mount of Olives), op. 85, oratorio (probably composed between 1800 and its first performance in 1803).^ The overture to Egmont, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Egmont Overture, Op.84.mp3 .
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christus am Oelberge (the Mount of Olives ), op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.1812. The rest of the Egmont music, op. 84.1st mass, op. 87 (C) (first performance, 1807).^ Requiem for Humanity (International: English title) The McKenzie Break (1970) (music: "SYMPHONY NO.3 E-FLAT MAJOR, OP.55 -- 1st & 2nd Movements") ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ C Minor, op 13") Taking Sides (2001) (music: "1ST & 4TH MOVEMENTS" (from SYMPHONY NO.5 C MINOR, OP.67)) ...
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ The FBI Story (1959) (music: "Fifth Symphony, 1st Movement" (uncredited)) Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) ("Fourth movement, Symphony No, 5 in C minor, Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.1814. Final version of Leonore, performed as Fidelio with great alterations, skilful revision of the libretto, very important new material in the music and a new overture.^ Final version of Leonore, performed as Fidelio with great alterations, skilful revision of the libretto, very important new material in the music and a new overture.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ May 1814: Premiere of Fidelio (final version), in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First version of opera Leonore in three acts (with overture "No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.1815. Sonata, op. 90 (E mi.^ Das Wiedersehn (Vivacissimamente) 840 - Piano Sonata No.27 in E minor, Op.90: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Mit Lebhaftigkeit und durchaus mit Empfindung und Ausdruck 841 - Piano Sonata No.27 in E minor, Op.90: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

).
.1816.7th symphony, op. 92 (A); 8th symphony, op. 93 (F) (Beethoven was planning a group of three of which the last was to be in D mi., which we shall find significant).^ Symphony No 8 in F major op 93 .
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BEETHOVEN SYMPHONY 7, OP. 92, A MAJ PH00011 $10.00 .

^ BEETHOVEN SYMPHONY 8, OP. 93, F MAJ PH00004 $10.00 .

.String quartet, op. 95 (F mi.^ String quartet, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Adagio 1057 - Sextet for 2 Horns and String Quartet in E flat, Op.81b: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ WEBERN STRING QUARTET, OP. 28 PH00390 $11.00 .

). .Violin sonata, op. 96 (G).^ Rondo (Allegro molto) 1089 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.4 in A minor, Op.23: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Rondo (Allegro moderato) 1075 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 1.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Allegro con brio 1076 - Sonata for Violin and Piano No.1 in D, Op.12 No.1: 2.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

Pianoforte trio, op. 97 (Bb); Liederkreis, op. 98.
.1817. Sonata, op. (the first indisputably in Beethoven's "third manner").^ First movement, “Adagio molto—Allegro con brio,” of Beethoven’s …[Credits : © Cefidom/Encyclopædia Universalis] First movement, “Adagio sostenuto—Presto,” of Beethoven’s …[Credits : © Cefidom/Encyclopædia Universalis] Third movement, “Scherzo—Allegro,” of Beethoven’s Symphony …[Credits : © Cefidom/Encyclopædia Universalis] First movement, “Allegro con brio,” of Beethoven’s Symphony No.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Beethoven : Hammerklavier Sonatas Op.101, 106 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An English concert organizer before the London première of Beethoven’s Sonata op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven | Classical Composers Database 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.2 violoncello sonatas, op. 102 (C, D, the second containing Beethoven's first modern instrumental strict fugue).^ The first three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (C, D, the second containing Beethoven's first modern instrumental strict fugue).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Kreutzer Sonata Op.47 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

.1819. Arrangement for string quintet, op. 104, of C mi. trio, op. 1, No.^ Finale 986 - Pno Trios No.1 In E Flat, Op.1 No.1: I. Allegro 987 - Pno Trios No.1 In E Flat, Op.1 No.1: Ii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ String Quintet Op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Presto 982 - Pno Trio No.5 In E Flat, Op.70 No.2: I. Poco Sostenuto - Allegro Ma Non Troppo 983 - Pno Trio No.5 In E Flat, Op.70 No.2: Ii.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

.3 (a wonderful study in translation, comparable only to Bach's arrangements and very unlike Beethoven's former essays of the kind).^ Bach's arrangements and very unlike Beethoven's former essays of the kind).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the time Beethoven settled permanently in Vienna, which he was soon induced to do by the kindness of his aristocratic friends, the only noteworthy external features of his career are the productions of his compositions.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Bb), the largest and most symphonic pianoforte work extant, surpassed in length only by Bach's Goldberg variations and Beethoven's 33 variations on Diabelli's waltz.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Sonata, op. 106 (Bb), the largest and most symphonic pianoforte work extant, surpassed in length only by Bach's Goldberg variations and Beethoven's 33 variations on Diabelli's waltz.^ Play Dramatizes Beethoven's '33 Variations' .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ The first three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the three pianoforte sonatas, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.1821. 25 Scotch songs accompanied by pfte., V. and Vc., op. 108 (the first set of a large and much neglected collection, mostly posthumous, many of great interest and beauty and very Beethovenish, which has shocked persons who expect sympathetic insight into folk-music to prevail over Beethoven's artistic impulse).^ I feel sure that many others share my opinion, but dare not express it, since in no community is individual opinion so much dominated by prejudice and self-deception, cliques and catchwords, as the world of music Today the Op.59 are called the great Beethoven quartets, soon the Op.

^ Beethoven did much to enlarge the possibilities of music and widen the horizons of later generations of composers.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Discography at Discogs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ For many years it was claimed that the "tick-tock" opening was a light-hearted "send-up" of the newly invented metronome, which Beethoven was the first great composer to use, though recent research has regrettably brought this charming story into doubt.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps) (download torrent) - TPB 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC thepiratebay.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sonata, op. 109 (E).
1822. Sonata, op. 110 (Ab). Overture, Die Weihe des Hauses, op. 124 (C), a magnificent essay in orchestral free fugue, published 1825.
1823. Sonata, op. III (C mi., the last pianoforte sonata). .33 variations on a waltz by Diabelli, who sent his waltz round to fifty-one musicians in Austria asking each to contribute a variation; the whole to be published for the benefit of the widows and orphans left by the war.^ Diabelli, who sent his waltz round to fifty-one musicians in Austria asking each to contribute a variation; the whole to be published for the benefit of the widows and orphans left by the war.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Bb), the largest and most symphonic pianoforte work extant, surpassed in length only by Bach's Goldberg variations and Beethoven's 33 variations on Diabelli's waltz.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven answered with the greatest set ever written, and it was published in a separate volume.^ Neefe taught Beethoven composition, and by March 1783 had helped him write his first published composition: a set of keyboard variations (WoO 63).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the other fifty composers were Schubert and an infant prodigy of eleven, Franz Liszt!^ Among the other fifty composers were Schubert and an infant prodigy of eleven, Franz Liszt !
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Les Adieux"; Franz Liszt: Der Wanderer (I & II), transcription for piano (after Schubert, D. 138a), S. 558/11 & S. 558bis/11 (; ...
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

.The mass in D (Missa Solemnis), op. 123, begun in 1818 for the installation of the archduke Rudolph as archbishop of Olmutz, was not finished until 1826, two years after the installation.^ Rudolph as archbishop of Olmutz , was not finished until 1826, two years after the installation.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BEETHOVEN MISSA SOLEMNIS, OP. 123 PH00074 $22.00 .

^ Les Adieux , and the great Missa Solemnis , which celebrated the elevation of Rudolph (unfortunately, being the youngest son of the Emperor he was obliged to enter the Clergy) as the Archbishop of Olomouc.

.The 9th symphony, op.^ The 9th symphony, op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

125 D mi. .(see note on 7th and 8th symphonies); sketches begun 1817; project of setting Schiller's Freude already in Beethoven's mind before he left Bonn.^ Beethoven then reverted to sketches he had begun for the Ninth Symphony .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes, as in the sketching of the Third Symphony ( Eroica ), he would leave several bars blank, making it clear that the rhythmic scheme had preceded the melodic in his mind.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (German composer) :: Life and work -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ However, its but a brief stop at an oasis before Beethoven sets off again.
  • Craig Sheppard, piano - Beethoven: A Journey 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.craigsheppard.net [Source type: General]

.6 bagatelles, op. 126, Beethoven's last pianoforte work, a very remarkable and unaccountably neglected group of carefully contrasted lyric pieces.^ Bagatelles Op.126 (Digital version) .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9 in D minor, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Works: Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 1 in C major, Op.
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven Music CDs 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.hbdirect.com [Source type: General]

.1824. String quartet, op. 127 (Eb, published 1826).^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 1: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 5: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.1825. String quartet, op. 130 (Bb), with finale, op. 133 (grand fugue); string quartet, op. 132 (A mi., with slow movement in Lydian mode, a Heiliger Dankgesang on recovery from illness.^ After his recovery, he revised a string quartet he'd been working on.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]
  • Ludwig van Beethoven : NPR 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ The slow movement, like those of op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (A mi., with slow movement in Lydian mode, a Heiliger Dankgesang on recovery from illness.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Theme of finale first thought of as for instrumental finale to 9th symphony).^ Theme of finale first thought of as for instrumental finale to 9th symphony).
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This scheme thus foreshadows the choral finale of the 9th symphony even more significantly than the Choral Fantasia.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The luminous pastoral Trio introduces an unsullied D major for the first time in the symphony: the first stage in a tonal and spiritual process that will culminate in the orgy of D major at the end of the finale.
  • Torrent - Ludwig Van Beethoven (MP3@320Kbps):: BitTorrentMonster 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1826. String quartet, op. 131 (Cu, mi.^ HAYDN,J STRING QUARTET, OP. 64/5, D MA PH00341 $8.50 .

^ Adagio 1057 - Sextet for 2 Horns and String Quartet in E flat, Op.81b: 3.
  • LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN : 1389 Paroles, clip, mp3, cd, album 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.greatsong.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Wikipedia String Quartet C minor, Op.
  • Browse By Author: B - Project Gutenberg 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

). .String quartet, op. 135 (F).^ String Quartet op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 1: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

^ String Quartets, Volume 5: Op.
  • Artist: Ludwig van Beethoven - MusicBrainz 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Original source]

.New finale to op. 130, Beethoven's last composition.^ New finale to op.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven: Quartets Op 130 .
  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Download MP3s 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.streamwaves.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beethoven's last composition.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven - LoveToKnow 1911 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

(D. F. T.) Authorities. -A. .W. Thayer, Beethovens Leben (1866-1879); L. Nohl, Life of Beethoven (Eng.^ Contemporary accounts by some notable musicians surrounding this performance can be found in Thayer’s Life of Beethoven .

^ For these notes we turn to Thayers Life of Beethoven , to the chapter entitled "The Year 1806".

^ Thayer's Life of Beethoven.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Ludwig van Beethoven - Biography 28 January 2010 0:22 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

trans., 1884), and Letters (Eng. trans., 1866); Sir G. Grove, Beethoven and his Symphonies (1896), and in Grove's Dictionary of Music.

<< Beet

Simple English

Ludwig van Beethoven
Born Ludwig van Beethoven
December 17, 1770(1770-12-17)
Bonn, Germany
Died March 26, 1827 (aged 56)
Vienna, Austria
Occupation Pianist
Composer

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized December 17, 1770 in Bonn[1]March 26, 1827 in Vienna) was a German composer. He wrote classical music for the piano, orchestras and different groups of instruments. His best-known works are his third ("Eroica"), fifth , sixth ("Pastorale") and ninth ("Choral") symphonies, the eighth ("Pathetique") and fourteenth ("Moonlight") piano sonatas, two of his latter piano concertos, his opera "Fidelio", and also the piano piece Für Elise. When he was a young man, he was a talented pianist. Beethoven was popular with the rich and important people in Vienna, Austria, where he lived.

In 1801, however, he began to lose his hearing. His deafness became worse.[2] In 1817, he was completely deaf. Although he could no longer play in concerts, he continued to compose. During this time he composed some of his greatest works. He is said to be one of the greatest classical composers[3] who has ever lived.

He moved to Vienna in 1792 and lived there for the rest of his life. He never married.

Contents

Early years

File:Thirteen-year-old
Beethoven in 1784.

Very little is known about Beethoven’s childhood. He was baptized on December 17, 1770 and was probably born a few days before that.[1][4][5][6] Beethoven's parents were Johann van Beethoven (1740 in Bonn – December 18, 1792) and Maria Magdalena Keverich (1744 in Ehrenbreitstein – July 17, 1787). Magdalena's father, Johann Heinrich Keverich, had been Chef at the court of the Archbishopric of Trier at Festung Ehrenbreitstein fortress opposite to Koblenz.[7] His father was a fairly unimportant musician who worked at the court of the Elector of Cologne. This court was in Bonn and it was here that he lived until he was a young man. His father gave him his first lessons in piano and violin. Beethoven was a child prodigy like Mozart, but while Mozart as a little boy was taken all over Europe by his father, Beethoven never traveled until he was 17.[8] By that time, his piano teacher was a man called Neefe who had learned the piano from Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, the son of Johann Sebastian Bach. Neefe said to the Elector that the young Beethoven should be given the chance to travel, so he was allowed to go to Vienna. There, he seemed to have had one or two lessons from Mozart, but then Beethoven got a letter saying that his mother was dying, so he hurried back to Bonn.[6] Soon his mother died, and Beethoven had to help to look after the family because his father had become an alcoholic.[6] Beethoven played the viola in the orchestra of the Elector, he started to compose, and made many friends. Some of these friends were musicians and others were very important people, many of them were aristocrats who would be able to help him in his career.

In 1792, the Elector let Beethoven travel to Vienna again.[9][6] He expected him to return after a while. However, Beethoven never left Vienna. He stayed there for the rest of his life.[8] He would have loved to have had some more composition lessons from Mozart, but Mozart had just died, so he had lessons from Haydn instead. Haydn was a good teacher, but a year later he went off to England. Therefore, Beethoven took lessons from a man called Albrechtsberger who was not famous like Haydn. He was a good teacher too and he made him write lots of technical exercises.[3] He showed him how to write advanced counterpoint and fugues. This helped him to be a great composer.

Beethoven wanted to become famous as a pianist and composer, so he started to get to know important, aristocratic people. Some of these people had already heard him in Bonn when they had traveled there, so his name was becoming known in Vienna. It also helped that he could say he was the pupil of the famous Joseph Haydn. There were a lot of aristocratic people in Vienna who liked music, and many had their own private orchestras. Some of them started to give Beethoven places to live when the Elector of Bonn stopped sending him money in 1794. Beethoven started to perform in private houses, and he became known for his improvisations.[3] In 1795 he performed one of his piano concertos at a concert. He also had his first publication (his opus 1). This was a group of three Piano Trios. Haydn had heard them at a private concert a year before and had advised Beethoven not to publish the third one. However, he did publish it, and that was the one which became the most successful. His opus 2 was a group of three piano sonatas which he played at the court of his friend Prince Lichnowsky.[8] When he published them he dedicated them to Haydn.

Beethoven was starting to become famous, travelling to places like Prague and Pressburg. He wrote much chamber music. He was, perhaps, a little jealous of the success that Haydn had with his latest symphonies he had written for London. In 1800 he gave his first public concert with his own music.[3] He conducted his First Symphony as well as the Septet. By now several publishers were trying to persuade him to let them publish his new works. Beethoven was becoming famous as a composer. And during this period Beethoven produced his most famous piano sonata: No. 14, in C sharp minor, nicknamed, "Moonlight". This was written for his girlfriend, 16-year-old Giulietta Giulietti. However, he was far from happy because he realized that he was starting to become deaf. And when he asked for Giulietta's marriage, her parents refused and married her to another 20-year-old man instead.[10]

Middle period

Beethoven seems to have tried to forget these bad thoughts by working very hard. He composed a lot more music, including his Third Symphony, called the Eroica. Originally he gave it the title Bonaparte in honour of Napoleon whom he admired.[3] But when Napoleon crowned himself emperor in 1804, Beethoven began to think that he was just a tyrant who wanted lots of power. He went to the table where the score of the symphony was lying and tore up the title page. Beethoven stayed in Vienna that year, working hard at an opera and giving piano lessons to Josephine von Brunsvik to whom he wrote passionate letters. She was a young widow with four children. It is impossible to know quite what her feelings were for Beethoven, but socially she belonged in higher society and probably thought that a wild musician was not a suitable husband.[8] In the end she married a Baron, but this marriage, like her first one, was not happy either.

In 1805 Beethoven wrote his only opera. The next spring it had two performances but was then not performed again for another eight years. Beethoven had made several changes to the opera which became known as Fidelio. The overture that he had written for the 1806 performance is now known as Leonore 3 and is usually performed separately at concerts. The opera is a “rescue” opera, a typical French kind of opera describing a man who is imprisoned and rescued by his lover who disguises herself as a man and manages to get into the prison.[11]

Beethoven continued to write compositions: a Violin Concerto, symphonies, piano concertos, string quartets and chamber music. Two of his greatest symphonies were produced in 1806: Symphony No. 5 and Symphony No. 6 "Pastorale". The first one was known for its dark and deep tone, especially in its first movement. The second was famous for its depicting of a garden city. He also wrote Piano Concerto No. 4 and Piano Concerto No. 5 "Emperor. He earned money by pleasing the aristocrats, dedicating works to them in return for fees, and by selling his music to publishers. Occasionally he earned money from concerts. It was not a regular income. He would have liked the job of Kapellmeister to the emperor. He was not able to get this, but in 1809 three rich aristocrats: the Archduke Rodolph, Prince Lobkowitz and Prince Kinsky gave him an income for the rest of his life on condition that he stayed in Vienna. This meant that Beethoven did not have to worry so much about money. He was asked to write music for Egmont, a play by Goethe.[11] The overture is very often performed as a concert piece. Beethoven very much wanted to meet Goethe. The two great men met in Teplitz. Goethe later described Beethoven as a rather wild-mannered man who made life difficult for himself by his cross attitude to the world. Beethoven admired several women, including one to whom he wrote a passionate letter. She is known as the “Immortal Beloved”, but no one knows who she was. Beethoven seems to have become deeply depressed because he never found true happiness in love.[8]

Deafness

In a letter dated June 29, 1801 Beethoven told a friend in Bonn about a terrible secret he had for some time. He knew that he was becoming deaf.[10] For some time he had spells of fever and stomach pains. A young man does not expect to become deaf, but now he was starting to admit it to himself. He was finding it hard to hear what people were saying. Just at the moment when he was starting to become known as one of the greatest of all composers, it was a terrible blow to realize that he was losing his hearing. In 1802, he stayed for a time in Heiligenstadt which is now a suburb of Vienna but at that time it was outside the city. There he wrote a famous letter which is known as the Heiligenstadt Testament. It is dated October 6 and told about his rising frustration at his deafness. He asks people to forgive him if he cannot hear what they are saying. He said that he had often thought of suicide, but that he had so much music in his head which had to be written down that he decided to continue his life.[10] This very emotional letter was found amongst his papers after his death. It was never sent to anyone. He kept it to himself.

Later life

File:Beethoven
Beethoven in 1823 by Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

By 1814, Beethoven had reached the height of his fame. He was thought of as the greatest composer by the Viennese people and he was often invited by royal people to their palaces. It was the year in which he played his famous Piano Trio Op. 97 The Archduke. That was the last time he played the piano in public.[3] His deafness was making it impossible to continue.

Beethoven had many problems when his brother Caspar Carl died, leaving a 9-year-old son. The boy’s mother may have been incapable of looking after him, but Beethoven had to prove this in a court of law. For several years he looked after his nephew, but it was a difficult relationship and it involved a lot of legal letters and quarrels with people. In 1826, Karl tried to shoot himself. He survived, but people persuaded Beethoven to stop being his guardian. Karl went into the army.[8]

The last years were unhappy years for Beethoven. During this time he composed very little. Then, in 1817, he recovered and wrote his last two symphonies, a mass called Missa Solemnis, his last five piano sonatas, and a group of string quartets which were so modern and difficult that very few people at the time understood the music.[3] Nowadays, people think they are the greatest works ever written for string quartet.[3][8]

His Ninth Symphony is called the Choral Symphony because there is a choir and soloists in the last movement. At the time people did not understand this either, because a symphony is normally a work for orchestra, not a work with singers. Beethoven chose the words of a poem by the German poet Friedrich Schiller: An die Freude (Ode to Joy). It is all about living together in peace and harmony, so that it sends an important message to people. This is why it has been chosen in recent years as the National Anthem for the European Union. The Ninth Symphony was performed at a concert on May 7, 1824.[10] After the scherzo movement the audience applauded enthusiastically, but Beethoven could not hear the applause and one of the singers had to turn him round so that he could see that people were clapping.

Beethoven died on March 26, 1827.[10] About 10,000 people came onto the streets for his funeral. The famous poet Franz Grillparzer wrote the funeral speech. One of the torchbearers was Franz Schubert. Schubert died the next year. In 1888 Beethoven’s and Schubert’s remains were moved to another cemetery in Vienna and were placed side by side.[3]

How he is remembered

Beethoven’s music is usually divided into three periods: Early, Middle and Late.[8] Most composers who live a long time develop as they get older and change their way of composing. Of course, these changes in style are not sudden, but they are quite a good way of understanding the different periods of his composing life.

His first period includes the works he wrote in his youth in Bonn, and his early days in Vienna up to about 1803. His middle period starts with the Eroica Symphony and includes most of his orchestral works. His last period includes the Ninth Symphony and the late string quartets.[11]

Beethoven is probably the most famous of all composers, and the most written about. He had a wild personality and this was something that the Romantics in the 19th century always expected from great artists. The Romantics thought that the artist was somehow a person with exaggerated qualities who was not like normal people. Beethoven had a very strong personality. He lived in the time of the French Revolution and had strong views on independence and ways of living free from tyranny. This made him a hero in many people’s eyes.[8]

His music was so famous that many composers in the 19th century found it quite hard to compose because they thought they would be compared to him. For example, Johannes Brahms, took a long time to write his First Symphony. He thought that everyone was expecting him to be the next Beethoven. It was only towards the end of the 19th century that Gustav Mahler wrote several symphonies which include singing, although he does this very differently to Beethoven.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beethoven was baptized on December 17. His date of birth is not known. Usually, it is given as December 16. This date is given based on evidence at the time: this is explained in more detail below
  2. "Ludwig van Beethoven's Biography". http://www.raptusassociation.org/beet-biopages.html. Retrieved 24-05-2009. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 "Who is who.de". http://www.whoswho.de/templ/te_bio.php?PID=362&RID=1. Retrieved 24-05-2009. 
  4. As an adult, Beethoven believed he had been born in 1772. He told friends that the 1770 baptism was of his older brother Ludwig Maria, who died in infancy, but Ludwig Maria's baptism is recorded as taking place in 1769. Some biographers say that his father falsified his date of birth in an attempt to pass him off as a child prodigy like Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, but this is disputed. Children of that era were usually baptized the day after birth, but there is no written evidence that this occurred in Beethoven's case. It is known that his family and his teacher Johann Albrechtsberger celebrated his birthday on 16 December. While the evidence supports the idea that 16 December 1770 was Beethoven's date of birth, this cannot be stated with certainty. This is discussed in depth in Solomon's biography, chapter 1.
  5. Kerman and Tyson
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Biography: Beethoven's life". http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Bio/BiographyLudwig.html. Retrieved 20-6-2009. 
  7. "The offspring of Johann van Beethoven". http://www-public.rz.uni-duesseldorf.de/~molberg/beetnach.htm#BM2. Retrieved 31-05-2009. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 "A Biography of Ludwig van Beethoven by his Birthtown Bonn". http://biene.bonn.de/innensta/verschi/person/beeth.htm. Retrieved 24-05-2009. 
  9. "Ludwig van Beethoven's Biography from Biography.com". http://www.biography.com/articles/Ludwig-van-Beethoven-9204862&part=4#21583. Retrieved 20-06-2009. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 "Beethovens Biographie". aeiou.at. http://www.aeiou.at/bt-biog.htm. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "German biography of van Beethoven". http://www.raptusassociation.org/beetbiopagesg.html. Retrieved 25-05-2009. 

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  • Joseph Kerman; Alan Tyson (and others). L.Macy. ed. grovemusic.com, subscription access Beethoven, Ludwig van. Grove Music Online. http://grovemusic.com/ grovemusic.com, subscription access. 
  • Albrecht, Theodor, and Elaine Schwensen (1988). More Than Just Peanuts: Evidence for December 16 as Beethoven's birthday. The Beethoven Newsletter. p. 60-63. 
  • Bohle, Bruce, and Robert Sabin (1975). The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians. London: J.M.Dent & Sons LTD. ISBN 0-460-04235-1.. 
  • Clive, Peter (2001). Beethoven and His World: A Biographical Dictionary.. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-816672-9. 
  • Davies, Peter J. (2002). The Character of a Genius: Beethoven in Perspective.. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31913-8. 
  • Davies, Peter J. (2001). Beethoven in Person: His Deafness, Illnesses, and Death.. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.