Ludwigsburg: Wikis

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Ludwigsburg
Ludwigsburg Palace, inner courtyard
Ludwigsburg Palace, inner courtyard
Coat of arms of Ludwigsburg
Ludwigsburg is located in Germany
Ludwigsburg
Coordinates 48°53′51″N 9°11′32″E / 48.8975°N 9.19222°E / 48.8975; 9.19222
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Ludwigsburg
Mayor Werner Spec
Basic statistics
Area 43.33 km2 (16.73 sq mi)
Elevation 293 m  (961 ft)
Population 87,280  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 2,014 /km2 (5,217 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate LB
Postal codes 71634–71642
Area code 07141
Website www.ludwigsburg.de

Ludwigsburg is a city in Germany, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north of Stuttgart's city center, near the river Neckar. It is the capital of the Ludwigsburg District (its largest city having at present ca 87,000 inhabitants), and belongs to the Stuttgart Region in the Administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) of Stuttgart.

Contents

History

The middle of Neckarland, in which Ludwigsburg lies, was settled in the Stone age and in the Bronze age. Numerous archaeological finds from the city and the surrounding area remain from the time when it was settled by the Celts.

Toward the end of the 1st century, the Romans occupied the region. They pushed the Limes further to the east around 150, and controlled the region until 260, when the Alamanni occupied the Neckarland. Also the Alamanni settlement is proven by grave finds in the city today.

View of the upper grounds of Ludwigsburg Palace
Jagdschlösschen Favorite
Schloss Monrepos

Ludwigsburg originated in the beginning of the 18th century (1718 - 1723) by the building of the largest Baroque castle in Germany, Ludwigsburg Palace, under Duke Eberhard Ludwig von Württemberg. Originally the Duke planned only one pleasure-palace, which he began building in 1704. However, the example of other Fürsts (or Princes) woke in him a desire: the establishment of a city through which to project his absolutist power. The Baroque hunting- and pleasure-palaces became Favorite (1713 - 1728), and the Seeschloss Seeschloss (Lake-palace) Monrepos (1764 - 1768) besides. (See Barockerlebnis in external links for further details.)

In the years between 1730 and 1800, the royal place of residence changed back and forth several times between Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg. In 1800, Württemberg was occupied by France under Napoleon Bonaparte and was forced into an alliance with France. In 1806 the Kurfürst (Prince-Elector) Friedrich became the king of Württemberg by Napoleon's grant. In 1812 in Ludwigsburg, the Württembergish army was raised for Napoleon's Russian campaign. The majority of the soldiers did not survive it.

One famous person to come out of Ludwigsburg during this period was Friedrich Schiller. Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg, enrolled the youth in the Karlsschule Stuttgart (an elite military academy he had founded) in 1773, where Schiller eventually studied medicine. The Duke was very demanding of his students, and Schiller's childhood was a lonely and unhappy one, but he was greatly enriched by the excellent education he received. It was there that he wrote his first play, Die Räuber (The Robbers), about a group of naïve revolutionaries and their tragic failure.

In 1921 Ludwigsburg became the largest garrison in southwest Germany. In 1926 in the course of the building of the north south powerline, the large transformer station Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck, which still exists today, was built, which still represents another central junction in electricity mains of Baden-Württemberg to this day.

In World War II the city suffered moderate destruction (compared with other German cities). The people had 1,500 dead to mourn. It was also the site of the prisoner-of-war camp Stalag V-A from October 1939 till April 1945. After the end of the war there was a large Displaced persons camp which housed several thousand mainly Polish Displaced Persons until about 1948.

For about 45 years after the war the U.S. military maintained Pattonville, a large housing area including a high school, east of Ludwigsburg. In 1956 the tradition of the German garrison town was taken up again by the Bundeswehr, Germany's federal armed forces.

On October 5, 1957 the first 380kV-powerline in Germany between the transformer station Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck and Rommerskirchen went into service.

In 1966 the Pädagogische Hochschule (Teaching College) and the Staatliche Sportschule Ludwigsburg (State Sports School) were opened.

2004 is the 300th birthday of Residenzschloss Ludwigsburg, celebrated by the opening of the Baroque Gallery and the Ceramic Museum in Residenzschloss.

In 1991 the national film school Filmakademie Baden-Württemberg was established in Ludwigsburg.

Politics

The town council has 40 members after the last local election on 7 June 2009. The voter participation was 45,35%. The election had the following results:

Party Seats %
CDU 10 24,80%
SPD 8 18,73%
Freie Wähler1 7 17,82%
GRÜNE 7 17,48%
FDP 4 9,79%
LUBU2 2 5,32%
DIE LINKE 1 3,66%
REP 1 2,41%

Economy

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Local Businesses

  • GdF Wüstenrot, Bausparkasse
  • Beru AG, automotive supplier
  • Getrag GmbH, automotive supplier
  • Mann+Hummel Gmbh, manufacturer of automotive filtration products

Public institutions

Educational institutions

Emblem and ensign

The blazon of emblem of the city is blue with a angular red flag with a golden head (" Reichssturmfahne"). In that is a big black eagle.

The ensign of the city is black-yellow and was conducted in 1750.

Ludwigsburg Wappen.png

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ludwigsburg is twinned with:

Districts

The following suburbs are parts of Ludwigsburg. Starting north of Ludwigsburg going clockwise: 
  • Marbach am Neckar, Erdmannhausen, Affalterbach, Remseck am Neckar, Kornwestheim, Möglingen, Asperg, Tamm, Freiberg am Neckar und Benningen am Neckar.
  • Eglosheim
  • Grünbühl
  • Hoheneck with a therapeutic and thermal bath, opened in 1907
  • Neckarweihingen
  • Oßweil
  • Pflugfelden
  • Poppenweiler
  • Weststadt

Resident development

Year Habitant
1718 600
1726 2.442
1774 11.607
1803 5.248
3. Dezember 1843 ¹ 10.726
1. Dezember 1871 ¹ 11.785
1. Dezember 1875 ¹ 13.800
1. Dezember 1880 ¹ 14.700
1. Dezember 1885 ¹ 16.187
1. Dezember 1890 ¹ 17.418
2. Dezember 1895 ¹ 19.311
1. Dezember 1900 ¹ 19.436
Year Habitant
1. Dezember 1905 ¹ 22.585
1. Dezember 1910 ¹ 24.926
1. Dezember 1916 ¹ 19.377
5. Dezember 1917 ¹ 19.206
8. Oktober 1919 ¹ 23.303
16. Juni 1925 ¹ 28.861
16. Juni 1933 ¹ 34.135
17. Mai 1939 ¹ 43.505
31. Dezember 1945 38.804
29. Oktober 1946 ¹ 49.635
13. September 1950 ¹ 58.489
25. September 1956 ¹ 69.535
Year Habitant
6. Juni 1961 ¹ 73.512
31. Dezember 1965 76.555
27. Mai 1970 ¹ 78.019
31. Dezember 1975 83.622
31. Dezember 1980 81.589
31. Dezember 1985 76.973
25. Mai 1987 ¹ 78.884
31. Dezember 1990 82.343
31. Dezember 1995 86.810
31. Dezember 2000 86.897
31. Dezember 2005 87.673
30. Juni 2006 87.295

¹ Population census

People

Sons and daughters of the city

Sports

Ludwigsburg has six teams in the top level of professional sports which are the EnBW Ludwigsburg (Basketball), both formations A and B of the dance team (1. Tanzclub Ludwigsburg), the Latin-formation (TSC Ludwigsburg), the Hockey-Club Ludwigsburg 1912 e. V. and the rifraly team of Ludwigsburg.

The are a lot of amateur clubs in Ludwigsburg and every sport is represented.

Print references

  • Andrea Hahn: Ludwigsburg, Stationen einer Stadt, Andreas Hackenberg Verlag, Ludwigsburg 2004, ISBN 3-937280-02-2
  • Gernot von Hahn, Friedhelm Horn: Ludwigsburg, Stadt der Schlösser und Gärten, Medien-Verlag Schubert, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-929229-55-2
  • Bruno Hahnemann: Ludwigsburg. Stadt - Schlösser - Blühendes Barock, Verlag Ungeheuer + Ulmer, Ludwigsburg 1979
  • on the sidelines, Frederick Forsyth: The Odessa File (ISBN 0-553-27198-9)

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Ludwigsburg is a city in Germany.

Get around

Public transportation

Public transportation is provided by the S-Bahn and Busses. For short distances, it is best to use the Bus. For longer distances (to get to Stuttgart ) the S-Bahn is faster. Public transportation late at night (after midnight) is a problem! On the weekend there are night buses, but they are infrequent (1:11am, 2:00 am, 2:22am, 3:10 am and 3:33am) and on odd routes.

  • Residenzschloss (built 1704-1733 from Herzog Eberhard Ludwig von Württemberg)
  • Seeschloss Monrepos (built 1764-1768)
  • Lustschloss Favorite (built 1713-1728)
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LUDWIGSBURG, a town in the kingdom of Wurttemberg, 9 m. to the N. of Stuttgart by rail and 12 m. from the river Neckar. Pop. (1905) 23,093. It was founded and laid out at the beginning of the 8th century by the duke of Wurttemberg, Eberhard Louis, and was enlarged and improved by Duke Charles Eugene. Constructed as the adjunct of a palace the town bears the impress of its origin, with its straight streets and spacious squares. It is now mainly important as the chief military depot in Wurttemberg. The royal palace, one of the finest in Germany, stands in a beautiful park and contains a portrait gallery and the burial vault of the rulers of Wurttemberg. The industries include the manufacture of organs and pianos, of cotton, woollen and linen goods, of chemicals, iron and wire goods, and brewing and brick-making. In the vicinity is the beautiful royal residence of Monrepos, which is connected with the park of Ludwigsburg by a fine avenue of lime trees. From 1758 to 1824 the town was famous for the production of a special kind of porcelain.

See Belschner, Ludwigsburg in zwei Jahrhunderten (Ludwigsburg, 1904).


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Simple English

This page is about the city. For the district of the same name, please see Ludwigsburg (district).
Ludwigsburg

Ludwigsburg
Coordinates 48.8975°00′0″N 9.1922°00′0″E / 48.8975°N 9.1922°E / 48.8975; 9.1922
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Ludwigsburg
Lord Mayor Werner Spec
Basic statistics
Area 43.33 km2 (16.73 sq mi)
Elevation 293 m  (961 ft)
Population 87,280  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 2,014 /km2 (5,217 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate LB
Postal codes 71634–71642
Area code 07141
Website www.ludwigsburg.de

Ludwigsburg is a about 12 km northern city in the center of Baden-Württemberg, of the Stuttgart city center. It is the district town and largest city of the Ludwigsburg district, as well as after Esslingen at the Neckar the second largest medium-sized town of Baden-Wuerttemberg.

Together with Kornwestheim, Ludwigsburg forms a central center for the surrounding municipalities. Since the 1 April 1956 Ludwigsburg is a large district town.


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